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1.
Phys Rev E ; 105(3-1): 034107, 2022 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35428090

RESUMO

We find the relation between reliability and entropy production in a realistic model of electronic memory (low-power metal-oxide-semiconductor-based SRAM) where logical values are encoded as metastable nonequilibrium states. We employ large deviation techniques to obtain an analytical expression for the bistable quasipotential describing the nonequilibrium steady state and use it to derive an explicit expression bounding the error rate of the memory. Our results go beyond the dominant contribution given by classical instanton theory and provide accurate estimates of the error rate as confirmed by comparison with stochastic simulations.

2.
Phys Rev E ; 103(3-1): 032118, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33862730

RESUMO

We distinguish traditional implementations of autonomous Maxwell demons from related linear devices that were recently proposed, not relying on the notions of measurements and feedback control. In both cases a current seems to flow against its spontaneous direction (imposed, e.g., by a thermal or electric gradient) without external energy intake. However, in the latter case, this current inversion may only be apparent. Even if the currents exchanged between a system and its reservoirs are inverted (by creating additional independent currents between system and demon), this is not enough to conclude that the original current through the system has been inverted. We show that this distinction can be revealed locally by measuring the fluctuations of the system-reservoir currents.

3.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(17): 170603, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32412269

RESUMO

We investigate the statistics of the work performed during a quench across a quantum phase transition using the adiabatic perturbation theory when the system is characterized by independent quasiparticles and the "single-excitation" approximation is assumed. It is shown that all the cumulants of work exhibit universal scaling behavior analogous to the Kibble-Zurek scaling for the average density of defects. Two kinds of transformations are considered: quenches between two gapped phases in which a critical point is traversed, and quenches that end near the critical point. In contrast to the scaling behavior of the density of defects, the scaling behavior of the cumulants of work are shown to be qualitatively different for these two kinds of quenches. However, in both cases the corresponding exponents are fully determined by the dimension of the system and the critical exponents of the transition, as in the traditional Kibble-Zurek mechanism (KZM). Thus, our study deepens our understanding about the nonequilibrium dynamics of a quantum phase transition by revealing the imprint of the KZM on the work statistics.

4.
Phys Rev E ; 95(1-1): 012146, 2017 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28208454

RESUMO

We study the asymptotic dynamics of arbitrary linear quantum open systems that are periodically driven while coupled with generic bosonic reservoirs. We obtain exact results for the heat flowing from each reservoir, and these results are valid beyond the weak-coupling or Markovian approximations. We prove the validity of the dynamical third law of thermodynamics (Nernst unattainability principle), showing that the ultimate limit for cooling is imposed by a fundamental heating mechanism that dominates at low temperatures, namely the nonresonant creation of excitation pairs in the reservoirs induced by the driving field. This quantum effect, which is missed in the weak-coupling approximation, restores the unattainability principle, the validity of which was recently challenged.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25375459

RESUMO

We present an analytic expression for the heat current through a general harmonic network coupled with Ohmic reservoirs. We use a method that enables us to express the stationary state of the network in terms of the eigenvectors and eigenvalues of a generalized cubic eigenvalue problem. In this way, we obtain exact formulas for the heat current and the local temperature inside the network. Our method does not rely on the usual assumptions of weak coupling to the environments or on the existence of an infinite cutoff in the environmental spectral densities. We use this method to study nonequilibrium processes without the weak coupling and Markovian approximations. As a first application of our method, we revisit the problem of heat conduction in two- and three-dimensional crystals with binary mass disorder. We complement previous results showing that for small systems the scaling of the heat current with the system size greatly depends on the strength of the interaction between system and reservoirs. This somewhat counterintuitive result seems not to have been noticed before.

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