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1.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 105, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826174

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the factors associated with tooth loss in adults from the position and number of teeth lost in the dental arches. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional, population-based study with adults participating in the epidemiological survey of oral health of São Paulo in 2015. The outcome of the study was tooth loss, assessed by the proposed classification, namely: I) lost up to 12 back teeth; II) lost up to 12 teeth (including front teeth); and III) lost more than 12 teeth. A four-block analysis was conducted, supported by a conceptual theoretical model adapted for tooth loss. For the multinomial logistic regression, "individuals who did not lose teeth due to caries or periodontal disease" was used as reference (p < 0.05). RESULTS: Of 6,051 adults evaluated, 25.3% (n = 1,530) were classified in category I, 32.7% (n = 1,977) in II, 9.4% (n = 568) in III, and 1.9% (n = 117) were edentulous. Lower income and schooling, the perception of need for treatment and the last appointment motivated by routine, pain or extraction were associated with tooth loss, regardless of the classification. The negative evaluation of the dental service was associated with individuals who lost up to 12 teeth, both front and back. The presence of women and periodontal pocket were associated with tooth loss of up to 12 teeth, including front, and more than 12 teeth. Caries were associated with adults who lost up to 12 teeth, including front teeth. CONCLUSION: The proposed classification allowed the identification of differences between the associated factors. Thus, the need to consider such classification in future studies is evident.


Assuntos
Perda de Dente/epidemiologia , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Cárie Dentária/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal , Doenças Periodontais/classificação , Bolsa Periodontal/epidemiologia , Bolsa Periodontal/fisiopatologia , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Perda de Dente/etiologia
2.
Rev Saude Publica ; 53: 108, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31826175

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association of school failure among Brazilian adolescents with social conditions and aspects of oral health through hierarchical analysis. METHODS: A state-wide survey of 5,558 adolescents from the state of São Paulo, Brazil, inquired about the sociodemographic and social capital of participants by using a structured questionnaire. Trained and calibrated professionals performed intraoral examinations and interviews in the households. Questions about the access to dentist, reason for and frequency of using dental services, toothache episodes and impact of oral conditions on daily activities (OIDP) were applied. Oral examinations evaluated caries experience, tooth losses, periodontal problems, presence of open bite, and maxillary and mandibular overjet. School failure was estimated according to the teenagers' years of schooling. The independent variables were grouped into three blocks: sociodemographic and economic characteristics, social capital and oral health aspects. The multiple hierarchical logistic regression model was used to identify the factors associated with school failure. RESULTS: Of the total sample, information about schooling of 5,162 adolescents was obtained, of whom 29.6% presented school failure. We found that adolescents over the age of 16 years who did not declare themselves as white, female, with feelings of insecurity, unhappiness, with toothache, caries, tooth losses, affected by dentofacial and/or periodontal changes, were more likely to fail at school. CONCLUSION: Oral disorders and social factors were associated with school failure in adolescents. A successful school trajectory was a strong determinant of health, therefore actions between the educational and health sectors must be developed for adolescents, especially those with this profile.


Assuntos
Fracasso Acadêmico , Avaliação Educacional , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Cárie Dentária , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Perda de Dente , Adulto Jovem
3.
Gerodontology ; 2019 Dec 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31815316

RESUMO

AIM: To investigate factors that influence the oral health-related quality of life of older people (65 years and over) in Brazil. BACKGROUND: Population-based studies should be conducted to support health-planning interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from the São Paulo State Survey on Oral Health (SBSP-2015), which consisted of 5951 individuals, were used. A theoretical-conceptual model was built based on the impact of family socio-economic characteristics, individual social-demographic features and self-perceived and clinical oral health status on the oral impact on daily performance (OIDP). Multivariate binary logistic regression analysis was conducted at 5% significance level. Statistically significant variables included within the adjusted logistic regression model entered the multiple correspondence analysis (MCA). RESULTS: Oral health impact on daily activities was observed in 34.6% of older people. Characteristics significantly related to impact on OIDP score were as follows: family income up to R$ 500 (OR = 2.73), self-perceived treatment need (OR = 1.33), self-perceived toothache (OR = 1.52), self-perception of denture replacement need (OR = 1.27), dissatisfaction (OR = 1.50) or very dissatisfied (OR = 2.57) with own oral health, partial lower denture use (OR = 1.34) and needing partial lower dentures (OR = 1.28). Increased number of people living in the same house (B = 0.05, OR = 1.06), number of bedrooms in the house (B = -0.10, OR = 0.90), age (B = -0.03, OR = 0.97) and number of teeth needing treatment (B = 0.08, OR = 1.08) contributed significantly to OIDP. CONCLUSION: Prevalence of OIDP of older people in the state of São Paulo was related to factors other than their clinical and self-perceived oral health status.

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828838

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to analyse the factors associated with self-perceived need for dental treatment among adolescents. METHODS: A representative sample in the state of São Paulo, Brazil, comprising 5558 adolescents, was evaluated in 2015. The adolescents were selected by probabilistic sampling by conglomerates in two stages. The outcome evaluated was self-perceived treatment need measured via a validated questionnaire. Independent variables included sociodemographic factors, type, frequency and reason for last dental visit, and examination of oral conditions. Statistical analysis was based on the multiple hierarchical logistic regression model. RESULTS: Of the total sample, 3340 (62.6%) adolescents reported needing dental treatment. After fitting the model, the self-perceived need for treatment was associated with adolescents with family income of up to $1,500 BRL (OR 1.39; [95% CI = 1.20-1.60]; P < .001), who sought dental services solely for curative treatment (OR 1.58; [95% CI = 1.46-1.72]; P < .001), reported toothaches in the previous six months (OR 2.88; [95% CI = 2.53-3.28]; P < .001), were dissatisfied with the appearance of their teeth and mouth (OR 5.94; [95% CI = 5.03-7.01]; P < .001), had caries in the posterior teeth only (OR 3.04; [95% CI = 2.77-3.33]; P < .001) or had caries in the anterior teeth (OR 4.75; [95% CI = 4.05-5.56]; P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The self-perceived need for dental treatment among Brazilian adolescents was associated with normative and subjective needs, and sociodemographic context factors. This finding provides important evidence for collective health planning.

5.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e118, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31859707

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to investigate the experience of caries related to social capital and associated factors in adults in large-scale population-based study. A Cross-sectional study was performed in 163 municipalities in the State of São Paulo, Brazil (SBSP-2015). 17,560 people were evaluated, of which 6051 were adults aged 35-44 years. Hierarchical logistic regression analysis was proposed. Outcome variables (decayed teeth, missing teeth and DMFT) and independent variables were included in the model, considering the distal (income and schooling); intermediate (social capital) and proximal levels (sex and ethnicity). Results showed that income up to 1,500 reais - US$ 367.6 in 11/11/2019 - (OR = 1.91;1.75-2.08), schooling up to 8 years (OR = 1.32;1.12-1.56) and non-white ethnicity (OR = 1.54;1.35-1.76) were more likely to have decayed teeth. Income up to 1500 reais (OR = 1.29;1.15-1.44), schooling up to 8 years (OR = 2.13;1.90-2.38), low social capital (OR = 1.84;1.65-2.04), medium social capital (OR = 1.15;1.01-1.30) and females were more likely to have lost teeth (OR = 1.13;1.03-1.23). Schooling up to 8 years (OR = 1.51;1.35-1.69), low social capital (OR = 1.25; 1.14-1.37) and female (OR = 1.40,1.19-1.53) were associated with DMFT. It was concluded that sociodemographic factors and low social capital were associated with the experience of caries, which should be taken into account in the formulation of public policies.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Capital Social , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Prevalência , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Inquéritos e Questionários
6.
BMC Oral Health ; 19(1): 184, 2019 08 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31412847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of population-based surveys on oral health conditions in Ecuador. Thus, the aim of this study was to conduct an epidemiological survey with a representative sample of children aged 12 years from public schools of Quito, Ecuador. The aim of this initial report was to describe the methodology used in the survey, as well to present results regarding calibration procedures and prevalence of oral-health related outcomes. METHODS: We invited 33 public schools' coordinators from the urban area of Quito, and 1100 children (12 years old) to take part in this study. Six trained and calibrated examiners conducted clinical examinations using oral mirrors and ball-ended probes to assess: dental caries, traumatic dental injuries, malocclusion, gingival bleeding, presence of calculus and fluorosis. Children also responded a questionnaire on Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL). Individual sociodemographic data was collected through a questionnaire sent to parents. Moreover, some contextual data on school environment (infrastructure conditions, promotion of health practices and negative episodes) were also evaluated. Prevalence values, crude and weighted by sampling weights, and 95% confidence intervals (95%CI) were calculated. RESULTS: Nine hundred and ninety-eight children from 31 schools were examined from March to May 2017. The adjusted prevalence values (95%CI) for the six outcomes evaluated were: dental caries = 60.3% (55.3 to 65.0%); traumatic dental injuries = 20.7% (17.2 to 24.8%); dental fluorosis = 63.7% (58.5 to 68.5%); gingival bleeding = 92.0% (87.1 to 95.2%); presence of calculus = 69.9 (60.5 to 77.9%); and malocclusion = 25.8% (21.8 to 30.3%). Adjusted mean of number of decayed, missed or filled permanent teeth (DMF-T) was 1.61 (1.37 to 1.84). Results on OHRQoL and other contextual variables will be reported in other articles. CONCLUSION: The prevalence of the majority of oral health problems in 12-year-old children from public schools in Quito-Ecuador was compatible with those observed in other similar cities. However, periodontal health and fluorosis seem to be highly prevalent in children from Quito.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária , Saúde Bucal , Criança , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Equador/epidemiologia , Humanos , População , Prevalência , Qualidade de Vida , Inquéritos e Questionários
7.
Rev Bras Epidemiol ; 22: e190042, 2019 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31432986

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The epidemiological profile of dental caries for Indigenous Peoples is complex and heterogeneous. The oral health of the Kaingang people, third largest Indigenous population from Brazil, has not been investigated so far. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and severity of dental caries, in addition to the associated factors of the need of dental extraction among Kaingang adult Indigenous. METHODS: A cross-sectional oral health survey was conducted among Kaingang adults aged from 35 to 44 years old living in the Guarita Indigenous Land, Rio Grande do Sul. Clinical exams were performed to analyze the conditions of dental crown and treatment needs. RESULTS: A total of 107 Indigenous adults were examined. Mean DMFT score was 14.45 (± 5.80). Two-thirds of the DMFT score accounted for missing teeth. Anterior lower dentition presented the highest rates of sound teeth, whereas the lower first molars had the lowest. Need for dental extraction was observed in 34.58% and was associated with village location, time of last dental visit, and higher number of decayed teeth. CONCLUSION: The high frequencies of caries and missing teeth observed in this population indicate a lack of adequate assistance. It is essential to discuss health care models in order to combat avoidable social and health injustices.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/epidemiologia , Necessidades e Demandas de Serviços de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Índios Sul-Americanos/estatística & dados numéricos , Extração Dentária/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Índice CPO , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sociológicos , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
8.
Rev. bras. epidemiol ; 22: e190042, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-1020565

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: Introduction: The epidemiological profile of dental caries for Indigenous Peoples is complex and heterogeneous. The oral health of the Kaingang people, third largest Indigenous population from Brazil, has not been investigated so far. Objective: The purpose of this study was to assess the prevalence and severity of dental caries, in addition to the associated factors of the need of dental extraction among Kaingang adult Indigenous. Methods: A cross-sectional oral health survey was conducted among Kaingang adults aged from 35 to 44 years old living in the Guarita Indigenous Land, Rio Grande do Sul. Clinical exams were performed to analyze the conditions of dental crown and treatment needs. Results: A total of 107 Indigenous adults were examined. Mean DMFT score was 14.45 (± 5.80). Two-thirds of the DMFT score accounted for missing teeth. Anterior lower dentition presented the highest rates of sound teeth, whereas the lower first molars had the lowest. Need for dental extraction was observed in 34.58% and was associated with village location, time of last dental visit, and higher number of decayed teeth. Conclusion: The high frequencies of caries and missing teeth observed in this population indicate a lack of adequate assistance. It is essential to discuss health care models in order to combat avoidable social and health injustices.


RESUMO: Introdução: O perfil epidemiológico de cárie dentária dos povos indígenas é complexo e heterogêneo. A saúde bucal do povo Kaingang, terceira maior população indígena do Brasil, ainda não foi investigada. Objetivo: O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar a prevalência e severidade de cárie, além dos fatores associados à necessidade de extração dentária entre adultos Indígenas Kaingang. Métodos: Foi realizado um inquérito de saúde bucal entre adultos Kaingang com idade entre 35 e 44 anos residentes na Terra Indígena Guarita, Rio Grande do Sul. Exames clínicos foram realizados a fim de analisar as condições da coroas dentárias e as necessidades de tratamento, seguindo os critérios e diretrizes da Organização Mundial da Saúde e da Pesquisa Nacional de Saúde Bucal SB Brasil 2010. Resultados: O total de 107 Indígenas Kaingang foi examinado. O índice de dentes cariados, perdidos e obturados (CPOD) médio observado foi de 14,45 (± 5,80). Dois terços do escore do indíce foram compostos do componente "perdidos". A dentição inferior anterior apresentou as maiores taxas de dentes hígidos, enquanto os primeiros molares inferiores apresentaram as menores. Necessidade de extração dentária foi observada em 34,58%, sendo associada com a localização da aldeia, tempo da última consulta odontológica e maior número de dentes cariados. Conclusão: As altas frequências de cárie não tratada e dentes perdidos observados nessa população indicam a falta de assistência adequada. É necessário discutir modelos de atenção à saúde para combater iniquidades sociais e de saúde.

9.
Oral Health Prev Dent ; 16(6): 563-569, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30574611

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the relationship between decayed, missing and filled teeth (DMF index) and body mass index (BMI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a cross-sectional, population-based study developed in 2015 at a primary health care (PHC) unit in the city of Sao Paulo, Brazil. Participants completed a form including sociodemographic and socioeconomic characteristics, nutritional, general health and oral health data. An anthropometric oral assessment was performed, and the association of DMFT and its components with not-categorised and categorised BMI was tested through simple and multiple logistic analysis, trend test and Spearman correlation. RESULTS: The sample consisted of 239 individuals aged 18 to 70 years. The prevalence of caries was 84.5%, the mean DMFT was 14.6 and the mean BMI was 27.46. There was positive association for DMFT with BMI and age, sex, formal education, hypertension, diabetes and use of dental floss. A positive association is also suggested between BMI and missing teeth. CONCLUSION: A correlation was observed between DMFT (missing teeth) and BMI. This can help to identify at-risk groups, plan progammes and treatment of overweight and obese individuals in primary health care.


Assuntos
Índice de Massa Corporal , Índice CPO , Cárie Dentária , Adolescente , Adulto , Correlação de Dados , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Adulto Jovem
10.
PLoS One ; 13(11): e0206730, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30403725

RESUMO

The objective of the present study was to analyze individual, contextual and social support factors associated with periodontal condition among 2332 dentate elderly Brazilian participants from the São Paulo State Oral Health Survey 2015 (SBSP-15). METHODS: This study used the database compiled by the SBSP-15, conducted from January to December in 2015. The associations were made by relative risk (RR), with Multilevel Poisson Regressions, among individual, contextual and social support variables, and had periodontal diseases as outcomes. RESULTS: The mean age of elders was 70.13 years (SD 5.67). The risk factors for all outcomes of periodontal diseases were male gender and self-perceived color of non-white skin. Regarding social support, feeling unhappy was a risk factor for the presence of shallow periodontal pockets (3-5mm) RR 1.43(CI 95% 1.10-1.86). The coverage of the Family Health Strategy (FHS) was a protective factor for gingival bleeding RR = 0.7(CI 95% 0.44-0.99) and calculus RR = 0.75(CI 95% 0.60-0.95), and a risk factor for the number of lost sextants (sextants with only one tooth or without any teeth) RR = 1.12(CI 95% 1.00-1.28). Living in municipalities with more than 90% fluoridation coverage was a protective factor for the number of lost sextants RR = 0.89(CI 95% 0.78-0.99). CONCLUSIONS: The study showed evidence that individual (gender and self-perceived skin color), contextual (coverage of the family health strategy and water fluoridation) and social support factors (feeling unhappy) are associated with the clinical outcomes of periodontal diseases in Brazilian elders. This reinforces the need for transdisciplinary actions in the FHS, stimulating work together and intersectoral collaboration between FHS and NASF (Family Health Support Center).


Assuntos
Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Idoso , Brasil/epidemiologia , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Análise Multinível , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Socioeconômicos
11.
PLoS One ; 13(9): e0203777, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30212507

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to assess the oral impact on daily performance and its association with sociodemographic characteristics, tooth pain, need for prosthesis, and periodontal disease of adults in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional epidemiological study with secondary data obtained from the Oral Health Conditions Project- 2015 conducted in 163 municipalities in the state of São Paulo with the participation of 17,560 individuals. This study evaluated adults in the age-range between 35-44 years (n = 5,855), selected by means of probabilistic cluster sampling in two stages. The outcome variable was the OIDP (Oral Impacts on Daily Performances), obtained by using this instrument to assess daily activities (eating, speaking, oral hygiene, relaxation, sports practice, smile, study/work, social contact, and sleep). The independent variables were collected and grouped into three blocks: Block 1 (sex, age group, and ethnic group); Block 2 (household income and education); and Block 3 (tooth pain, need for prosthesis, bleeding, calculus, and periodontal pockets). A hierarchical multiple logistic regression analysis was performed considering the complex cluster sampling plan. Each observation was assigned a specific weight, depending on the location, which resulted in weighted frequencies adjusted for the effect of outlining. RESULTS: the female sex (p<0.0001), ethnic group black/mulatto (p<0.0001), low household income (p = 0.0112), up to 8 years of education (p<0.0001), tooth pain (p<0.0001), presence of bleeding (p<0.0001), and presence of periodontal pockets (p<0.0001) had greater oral impact on daily performance. CONCLUSION: sociodemographic characteristics, tooth pain, and presence of periodontal disease were associated with oral impact on daily performance of the adult population in the state of São Paulo, Brazil.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Doenças Periodontais/patologia , Adulto , Brasil/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Demografia , Escolaridade , Feminino , Hemorragia/complicações , Hemorragia/diagnóstico , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Hemorragia/patologia , Humanos , Renda , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Saúde Bucal/etnologia , Dor/diagnóstico , Dor/etiologia , Doenças Periodontais/epidemiologia , Doenças Periodontais/etnologia , Bolsa Periodontal/complicações , Bolsa Periodontal/diagnóstico , Bolsa Periodontal/epidemiologia , Próteses e Implantes/estatística & dados numéricos , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Sexuais
12.
Gerodontology ; 35(4): 350-358, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29956368

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of the present study was to evaluate the association of socioeconomic status (SES) as a latent variable on oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) using four definitions of functional dentition (FD) for elderly people. METHODS: Four sets of multilevel generalised structural equation models (GSEM) were used: (i) WHO Functional Dentition (FDWHO); (ii) Well-distributed teeth (WDT); (iii) FDclass5 ; and (iv) FDclass6 . The indirect effects of SES on OHRQoL were measured in 5951 elderly participants in the São Paulo Oral Health 2015 (SBSP-15) survey. The latent variable (OHRQoL) was extracted from the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances questionnaire, and GSEM was used to estimate the direction of association among the variables. RESULTS: SES was directly and strongly associated with FDWHO (Total effects [SC] = 0.56, P < .001); WDT (Total Effects [SC] = 0.55, P < .001); FDclass5 (Total effects [SC] = 0.07, P < .001); and FDclass6 (Total effects [SC] = 0.05, P = .001). All FD outcomes mediate effects of SES on OHRQoL (P < .05). SES had a direct effect on happiness which, in turn, had a direct effect on OHRQoL ([SC] = 0.05, P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: All definitions of FD were good at mediating the effects of SES on OHRQoL, showing the importance of occlusal and periodontal statuses of elderly individuals.


Assuntos
Análise de Classes Latentes , Saúde Bucal , Qualidade de Vida , Classe Social , Idoso , Brasil , Estudos Transversais , Dentição , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Razão de Chances , Inquéritos e Questionários
13.
Rev Saude Publica ; 52: 44, 2018.
Artigo em Português, Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29668813

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Analyze if clinical, sociodemographic and access to dental services variables influence the impact of oral health on the daily activities of adolescents, adults and older adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with secondary data from the State Oral Health Survey (SB São Paulo 2015) conducted in 163 cities of São Paulo. A total of 17,560 individuals from three age groups: 15-19-year-old (n = 5,558), 35-44-year-old (n = 6,051), and older people of 65 years or more (n = 5,951) participated in the survey. The selection was made by probabilistic sample by conglomerates in two stages. The endpoint variable was the impact of oral health on daily activities, evaluated by the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances questionnaire, containing questions about eating, talking, oral hygiene, relaxation, sports practice, smile, study or work, social contact, and sleep. Oral Impacts on Daily Performances was dichotomized with and without impact. The independent variables were sociodemographic, clinical and access variables, divided into three blocks. A hierarchical multiple logistic regression analysis was performed considering the complex sampling plan of clusters. Each observation received a specific weight, depending on the location that resulted in weighted frequencies and adjusted for the design effect. RESULTS: The presence of oral health impact was observed in 27.9% of the individuals. In block 1, female gender and black/brown ethnic group had a greater chance of impact of oral health on quality of life, as well as the adults and the older adults in relation to adolescents. In block 2, family income up to R$1,500 was associated with the presence of impact. In block 3, individuals who reported toothache, used the public service and sought dental treatment had a greater chance of impact. CONCLUSIONS: Sociodemographic, clinical and access to health services variables influence the impact of oral health on the daily activities of adolescents, adults and older adults.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Saúde Bucal/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Brasil/etnologia , Estudos Transversais , Inquéritos de Saúde Bucal , Feminino , Acesso aos Serviços de Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Saúde Bucal/etnologia , Qualidade de Vida , Fatores Sexuais , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Adulto Jovem
14.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 52: 44, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-903456

RESUMO

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: Analyze if clinical, sociodemographic and access to dental services variables influence the impact of oral health on the daily activities of adolescents, adults and older adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with secondary data from the State Oral Health Survey (SB São Paulo 2015) conducted in 163 cities of São Paulo. A total of 17,560 individuals from three age groups: 15-19-year-old (n = 5,558), 35-44-year-old (n = 6,051), and older people of 65 years or more (n = 5,951) participated in the survey. The selection was made by probabilistic sample by conglomerates in two stages. The endpoint variable was the impact of oral health on daily activities, evaluated by the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances questionnaire, containing questions about eating, talking, oral hygiene, relaxation, sports practice, smile, study or work, social contact, and sleep. Oral Impacts on Daily Performances was dichotomized with and without impact. The independent variables were sociodemographic, clinical and access variables, divided into three blocks. A hierarchical multiple logistic regression analysis was performed considering the complex sampling plan of clusters. Each observation received a specific weight, depending on the location that resulted in weighted frequencies and adjusted for the design effect. RESULTS: The presence of oral health impact was observed in 27.9% of the individuals. In block 1, female gender and black/brown ethnic group had a greater chance of impact of oral health on quality of life, as well as the adults and the older adults in relation to adolescents. In block 2, family income up to R$1,500 was associated with the presence of impact. In block 3, individuals who reported toothache, used the public service and sought dental treatment had a greater chance of impact. CONCLUSIONS: Sociodemographic, clinical and access to health services variables influence the impact of oral health on the daily activities of adolescents, adults and older adults.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Analisar se variáveis clínicas, sociodemográficas e de acesso aos serviços odontológicos influenciam o impacto da saúde bucal nas atividades diárias de adolescentes, adultos e idosos. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com dados secundários da Pesquisa Estadual de Saúde Bucal (SB São Paulo 2015) realizada em 163 municípios de São Paulo. Participaram do inquérito 17.560 indivíduos de três grupos etários: adolescentes de 15-19 anos (n = 5.558), adultos de 35-44 anos (n = 6.051) e idosos de 65 anos ou mais (n = 5.951). A seleção foi feita por amostra probabilística por conglomerados em dois estágios. A variável desfecho foi o impacto da saúde bucal sobre as atividades diárias, avaliado pelo questionário Oral Impacts on Daily Performances, contendo questões sobre comer, falar, higiene bucal, relaxamento, prática esportiva, sorriso, estudo ou trabalho, contato social e sono. O Oral Impacts on Daily Performances foi dicotomizado em com e sem impacto. As variáveis independentes foram as sociodemográficas, clínicas e de acesso, divididas em três blocos. Realizou-se análise de regressão logística múltipla hierarquizada considerando o plano amostral complexo de conglomerados. Cada observação recebeu um peso específico, dependendo da localização que resultou em frequências ponderadas e ajustadas para o efeito do delineamento. RESULTADOS: A presença de impacto da saúde bucal foi constatada em 27,9% dos indivíduos. No bloco 1, o sexo feminino e o grupo étnico preto/pardo tiveram maior chance de impacto da saúde bucal na qualidade de vida, bem como os adultos e idosos em relação aos adolescentes. No bloco 2, a renda familiar até R$1.500 teve associação com a presença de impacto. No bloco 3, os indivíduos que relataram dor de dente, frequentaram o serviço público e procuraram tratamento odontológico tiveram maior chance de impacto. CONCLUSÕES: As variáveis sociodemográficas, clínica e de acesso ao serviço de saúde influenciam o impacto da saúde bucal nas atividades diárias de adolescentes, adultos e idosos.

15.
Rev. saúde pública (Online) ; 52: 44, 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-903517

RESUMO

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: Analyze if clinical, sociodemographic and access to dental services variables influence the impact of oral health on the daily activities of adolescents, adults and older adults. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with secondary data from the State Oral Health Survey (SB São Paulo 2015) conducted in 163 cities of São Paulo. A total of 17,560 individuals from three age groups: 15-19-year-old (n = 5,558), 35-44-year-old (n = 6,051), and older people of 65 years or more (n = 5,951) participated in the survey. The selection was made by probabilistic sample by conglomerates in two stages. The endpoint variable was the impact of oral health on daily activities, evaluated by the Oral Impacts on Daily Performances questionnaire, containing questions about eating, talking, oral hygiene, relaxation, sports practice, smile, study or work, social contact, and sleep. Oral Impacts on Daily Performances was dichotomized with and without impact. The independent variables were sociodemographic, clinical and access variables, divided into three blocks. A hierarchical multiple logistic regression analysis was performed considering the complex sampling plan of clusters. Each observation received a specific weight, depending on the location that resulted in weighted frequencies and adjusted for the design effect. RESULTS: The presence of oral health impact was observed in 27.9% of the individuals. In block 1, female gender and black/brown ethnic group had a greater chance of impact of oral health on quality of life, as well as the adults and the older adults in relation to adolescents. In block 2, family income up to R$1,500 was associated with the presence of impact. In block 3, individuals who reported toothache, used the public service and sought dental treatment had a greater chance of impact. CONCLUSIONS: Sociodemographic, clinical and access to health services variables influence the impact of oral health on the daily activities of adolescents, adults and older adults.


RESUMO OBJETIVO: Analisar se variáveis clínicas, sociodemográficas e de acesso aos serviços odontológicos influenciam o impacto da saúde bucal nas atividades diárias de adolescentes, adultos e idosos. MÉTODOS: Estudo transversal com dados secundários da Pesquisa Estadual de Saúde Bucal (SB São Paulo 2015) realizada em 163 municípios de São Paulo. Participaram do inquérito 17.560 indivíduos de três grupos etários: adolescentes de 15-19 anos (n = 5.558), adultos de 35-44 anos (n = 6.051) e idosos de 65 anos ou mais (n = 5.951). A seleção foi feita por amostra probabilística por conglomerados em dois estágios. A variável desfecho foi o impacto da saúde bucal sobre as atividades diárias, avaliado pelo questionário Oral Impacts on Daily Performances, contendo questões sobre comer, falar, higiene bucal, relaxamento, prática esportiva, sorriso, estudo ou trabalho, contato social e sono. O Oral Impacts on Daily Performances foi dicotomizado em com e sem impacto. As variáveis independentes foram as sociodemográficas, clínicas e de acesso, divididas em três blocos. Realizou-se análise de regressão logística múltipla hierarquizada considerando o plano amostral complexo de conglomerados. Cada observação recebeu um peso específico, dependendo da localização que resultou em frequências ponderadas e ajustadas para o efeito do delineamento. RESULTADOS: A presença de impacto da saúde bucal foi constatada em 27,9% dos indivíduos. No bloco 1, o sexo feminino e o grupo étnico preto/pardo tiveram maior chance de impacto da saúde bucal na qualidade de vida, bem como os adultos e idosos em relação aos adolescentes. No bloco 2, a renda familiar até R$1.500 teve associação com a presença de impacto. No bloco 3, os indivíduos que relataram dor de dente, frequentaram o serviço público e procuraram tratamento odontológico tiveram maior chance de impacto. CONCLUSÕES: As variáveis sociodemográficas, clínica e de acesso ao serviço de saúde influenciam o impacto da saúde bucal nas atividades diárias de adolescentes, adultos e idosos.

16.
Health Qual Life Outcomes ; 15(1): 173, 2017 Aug 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28854934

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Oral disorders may negatively affect the quality of life (QoL) of adolescents. To investigate how social vulnerability and oral-health status factors affect QoL in 15-19 years olds who participated in the "SB São Paulo 2015" state survey. METHODS: The relationship of several independent variables, namely Paulista Social Vulnerability Index (PSVI) score, gender, skin color, family income, age, untreated caries, tooth loss [determined by the Decayed, Missing, Filled-Teeth (DMF-T) index], toothache, periodontal condition [determined by the Community Periodontal Index (CPI)], and malocclusion (maxillary overjet, cross bite, or open bite) affect daily life, measured by the Oral Impacts on Daily Performance (OIDP) instrument. Logistic regression analyses were carried out based on a hierarchical model. RESULTS: The final sample consisted of 5402 adolescents. The prevalence of at least one negative impact of oral health on QoL was 37.3%. After adjustment, demographic factors that were found to influence this impact significantly (p < 0.01) were female gender [odds ratio (OR) 1.78, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.59-2.0], non-white skin color (OR 1.66, 95% CI = 1.47-1.88), and a low family income (OR 1.28, 95% CI = 1.28-1.29). Additionally, oral conditions associated with oral health impact on QoL included the presence of at least one untreated tooth decay lesion (OR 1.42, 95% CI = 1.25-1.61), loss of at least one tooth (OR 1.49; 95% CI = 1.25-1.78), toothache (OR 4.87, 95% CI = 4.25-5.59), bleeding on probing (OR 1.45, 95% CI = 1.25-1.68), and severe maxillary overjet (OR 1.68, 95% CI = 1.15-2.45). CONCLUSION: Social vulnerability (PSVI score) was not associated with the OIDP score, but oral health conditions and socio-demographic variables, including gender, skin color, and income, were found to affect adolescents' daily activities. Strategies that consider the perceptions of this segment of the population should be implemented to strengthen their autonomy and totality of care.


Assuntos
Cárie Dentária/psicologia , Má Oclusão/psicologia , Doenças Periodontais/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida , Perda de Dente/psicologia , Odontalgia/psicologia , Adolescente , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Humanos , Masculino , Análise de Regressão , Fatores Sexuais
17.
Rev. ABENO ; 16(1): 61-72, 2016. tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS, BBO - Odontologia | ID: biblio-881390

RESUMO

O trabalho objetivou descrever e qualificar o acesso a computadores e à rede de internet, bem como ao ambiente virtual de aprendizagem (AVA) e suas respectivas ferramentas, por graduandos da Faculdade de Odontologia da Universidade de São Paulo. Estudo transversal, baseado em questionários aplicados em um universo de 715 estudantes, os quais estivessem presentes nas salas de aula das onze turmas dos diferentes anos e turnos. Foram feitas análises de distribuição de frequência e teste de associação no programa EPI-Info v.6.0, medidas pela Razão de Chances (OR - odds ratio). Todos os respondentes (n=400) possuem computador em casa, 98% com acesso à internet e 84,5% utilizam os computadores disponibilizados pela Instituição. Majoritariamente (89,7%), os alunos dedicaram mais de duas horas semanais para atividades virtuais. Observouse que os alunos do noturno apresentaram duas vezes mais chances de utilização de computador que alunos do integral. Ao menos uma disciplina que utiliza o AVA (Plataforma Moodle) foi identificada por 96,5% dos estudantes. Ao acessar o AVA, os alunos declararam ter maior facilidade para acessar a página inicial e os textos disponibilizados. Fóruns e chats foram apontados como ações de menor facilidade de execução. Não houve associação entre o tempo de uso do computador e a avaliação da utilização das ferramentas. Infraestrutura computacional que acompanhe os avanços tecnológicos e a utilização de um AVA com ferramentas acessíveis podem potencializar a incorporação da educação online (AU).


This study aimed to describe and qualify the access to computers, internet network and the virtual learning environment (VLE) and its tools, by undergraduate students of the Faculty of Dentistry, University of São Paulo. Cross-sectional study based on questionnaires applied in a universe of 715 students, who were present in the eleven classrooms of daytime and nightime courses. Frequency distribution analysis were made and association test in the EPI-Info v.6.0 program, measured by odds ratio (OR). All respondents (n = 400) have a computer at home, 98% with internet access. 84.5% use the computers provided by the institution. The majority (89.7%) of students spent more than two hours per week in virtual activities. It was observed that the nightime course students were twice as likely to use a computer than daytime course students. 96.5% of the students identified at least one discipline that uses the VLE (Moodle platform). When accessing the AVA, the students claimed to have easier access to the home page and available texts. Forums and chat rooms were cited as less easy to use. There was no association between the time of use of computer and the evaluation of tools utilization. Computing infrastructure that accompanies technological advances and the use of a VLE with accessible tools can enhance the incorporation of online education (AU).


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Educação em Odontologia , Educação a Distância/métodos , Educação em Saúde , Brasil , Estudos Transversais/métodos , Estudantes de Odontologia , Inquéritos e Questionários
18.
Águas de São Pedro; Livronovo; 2016. 120 p. map, tab.
Não convencional em Português | LILACS, SESSP-CTDPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-ACVSES | ID: biblio-983550
19.
Águas de São Pedro; Livronovo; 2016. 120 p. mapas, tab.
Não convencional em Português | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-CTDPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-ACVSES | ID: ses-38167
20.
Braz Oral Res ; 292015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26154372

RESUMO

This study evaluates the prevalence and risk factors of non-carious cervical lesions (NCCLs) in a Brazilian population of workers exposed and non-exposed to acid mists and chemical products. One hundred workers (46 exposed and 54 non-exposed) were evaluated in a Centro de Referência em Saúde do Trabalhador - CEREST (Worker's Health Reference Center). The workers responded to questionnaires regarding their personal information and about alcohol consumption and tobacco use. A clinical examination was conducted to evaluate the presence of NCCLs, according to WHO parameters. Statistical analyses were performed by unconditional logistic regression and multiple linear regression, with the critical level of p < 0.05. NCCLs were significantly associated with age groups (18-34, 35-44, 45-68 years). The unconditional logistic regression showed that the presence of NCCLs was better explained by age group (OR = 4.04; CI 95% 1.77-9.22) and occupational exposure to acid mists and chemical products (OR = 3.84; CI 95% 1.10-13.49), whereas the linear multiple regression revealed that NCCLs were better explained by years of smoking (p = 0.01) and age group (p = 0.04). The prevalence of NCCLs in the study population was particularly high (76.84%), and the risk factors for NCCLs were age, exposure to acid mists and smoking habit. Controlling risk factors through preventive and educative measures, allied to the use of personal protective equipment to prevent the occupational exposure to acid mists, may contribute to minimizing the prevalence of NCCLs.


Assuntos
Ácidos/toxicidade , Exposição Ocupacional/efeitos adversos , Odontopatias/induzido quimicamente , Odontopatias/epidemiologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Distribuição por Idade , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Alcoolismo/complicações , Alcoolismo/epidemiologia , Brasil/epidemiologia , Métodos Epidemiológicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Distribuição por Sexo , Fatores Sexuais , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/epidemiologia , Fatores Socioeconômicos , Colo do Dente/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto Jovem
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