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1.
Circulation ; 140(23): 1921-1932, 2019 Dec 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31557056

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The safety and efficacy of antithrombotic regimens may differ between patients with atrial fibrillation who have acute coronary syndromes (ACS), treated medically or with percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and those undergoing elective PCI. METHODS: Using a 2×2 factorial design, we compared apixaban with vitamin K antagonists and aspirin with placebo in patients with atrial fibrillation who had ACS or were undergoing PCI and were receiving a P2Y12 inhibitor. We explored bleeding, death and hospitalization, as well as death and ischemic events, by antithrombotic strategy in 3 prespecified subgroups: patients with ACS treated medically, patients with ACS treated with PCI, and those undergoing elective PCI. RESULTS: Of 4614 patients enrolled, 1097 (23.9%) had ACS treated medically, 1714 (37.3%) had ACS treated with PCI, and 1784 (38.8%) had elective PCI. Apixaban compared with vitamin K antagonist reduced International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis major or clinically relevant nonmajor bleeding in patients with ACS treated medically (hazard ratio [HR], 0.44 [95% CI, 0.28-0.68]), patients with ACS treated with PCI (HR, 0.68 [95% CI, 0.52-0.89]), and patients undergoing elective PCI (HR, 0.82 [95% CI, 0.64-1.04]; Pinteraction=0.052) and reduced death or hospitalization in the ACS treated medically (HR, 0.71 [95% CI, 0.54-0.92]), ACS treated with PCI (HR, 0.88 [95% CI, 0.74-1.06]), and elective PCI (HR, 0.87 [95% CI, 0.72-1.04]; Pinteraction=0.345) groups. Compared with vitamin K antagonists, apixaban resulted in a similar effect on death and ischemic events in the ACS treated medically, ACS treated with PCI, and elective PCI groups (Pinteraction=0.356). Aspirin had a higher rate of bleeding than did placebo in patients with ACS treated medically (HR, 1.49 [95% CI, 0.98-2.26]), those with ACS treated with PCI (HR, 2.02 [95% CI, 1.53-2.67]), and those undergoing elective PCI (HR, 1.91 [95% CI, 1.48-2.47]; Pinteraction=0.479). For the same comparison, there was no difference in outcomes among the 3 groups for the composite of death or hospitalization (Pinteraction=0.787) and death and ischemic events (Pinteraction=0.710). CONCLUSIONS: An antithrombotic regimen consisting of apixaban and a P2Y12 inhibitor without aspirin provides superior safety and similar efficacy in patients with atrial fibrillation who have ACS, whether managed medically or with PCI, and those undergoing elective PCI compared with regimens that include vitamin K antagonists, aspirin, or both. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT02415400.

2.
Lancet ; 387(10016): 349-356, 2016 01 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26547100

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: REG1 is a novel anticoagulation system consisting of pegnivacogin, an RNA aptamer inhibitor of coagulation factor IXa, and anivamersen, a complementary sequence reversal oligonucleotide. We tested the hypothesis that near complete inhibition of factor IXa with pegnivacogin during percutaneous coronary intervention, followed by partial reversal with anivamersen, would reduce ischaemic events compared with bivalirudin, without increasing bleeding. METHODS: We did a randomised, open-label, active-controlled, multicentre, superiority trial to compare REG1 with bivalirudin at 225 hospitals in North America and Europe. We planned to randomly allocate 13,200 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention in a 1:1 ratio to either REG1 (pegnivacogin 1 mg/kg bolus [>99% factor IXa inhibition] followed by 80% reversal with anivamersen after percutaneous coronary intervention) or bivalirudin. Exclusion criteria included ST segment elevation myocardial infarction within 48 h. The primary efficacy endpoint was the composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and unplanned target lesion revascularisation by day 3 after randomisation. The principal safety endpoint was major bleeding. Analysis was by intention to treat. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT01848106. The trial was terminated early after enrolment of 3232 patients due to severe allergic reactions. FINDINGS: 1616 patients were allocated REG1 and 1616 were assigned bivalirudin, of whom 1605 and 1601 patients, respectively, received the assigned treatment. Severe allergic reactions were reported in ten (1%) of 1605 patients receiving REG1 versus one (<1%) of 1601 patients treated with bivalirudin. The composite primary endpoint did not differ between groups, with 108 (7%) of 1616 patients assigned REG1 and 103 (6%) of 1616 allocated bivalirudin reporting a primary endpoint event (odds ratio [OR] 1·05, 95% CI 0·80-1·39; p=0·72). Major bleeding was similar between treatment groups (seven [<1%] of 1605 receiving REG1 vs two [<1%] of 1601 treated with bivalirudin; OR 3·49, 95% CI 0·73-16·82; p=0·10), but major or minor bleeding was increased with REG1 (104 [6%] vs 65 [4%]; 1·64, 1·19-2·25; p=0·002). INTERPRETATION: The reversible factor IXa inhibitor REG1, as currently formulated, is associated with severe allergic reactions. Although statistical power was limited because of early termination, there was no evidence that REG1 reduced ischaemic events or bleeding compared with bivalirudin. FUNDING: Regado Biosciences Inc.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Aptâmeros de Nucleotídeos/uso terapêutico , Fator IXa/antagonistas & inibidores , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/uso terapêutico , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Idoso , Coagulantes/administração & dosagem , Hipersensibilidade a Drogas/epidemiologia , Término Precoce de Ensaios Clínicos , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Hirudinas , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , América do Norte/epidemiologia , Oligonucleotídeos/administração & dosagem , Proteínas Recombinantes/uso terapêutico
3.
Lancet ; 387(10016): 349-356, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | Sec. Est. Saúde SP, SESSP-IDPCPROD, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: ses-34740

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: REG1 is a novel anticoagulation system consisting of pegnivacogin, an RNA aptamer inhibitor of coagulation factor IXa, and anivamersen, a complementary sequence reversal oligonucleotide. We tested the hypothesis that near complete inhibition of factor IXa with pegnivacogin during percutaneous coronary intervention, followed by partial reversal with anivamersen, would reduce ischaemic events compared with bivalirudin, without increasing bleeding. METHODS: We did a randomised, open-label, active-controlled, multicentre, superiority trial to compare REG1 with bivalirudin at 225 hospitals in North America and Europe. We planned to randomly allocate 13,200 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention in a 1:1 ratio to either REG1 (pegnivacogin 1 mg/kg bolus [>99% factor IXa inhibition] followed by 80% reversal with anivamersen after percutaneous coronary intervention) or bivalirudin. Exclusion criteria included ST segment elevation myocardial infarction within 48 h. The primary efficacy endpoint was the composite of all-cause death, myocardial infarction, stroke, and unplanned target lesion revascularisation by day 3 after randomisation. The principal safety endpoint was major bleeding. Analysis was by intention to treat. This trial is registered at ClinicalTrials.gov, identifier NCT01848106. The trial was terminated early after enrolment of 3232 patients due to severe allergic reactions...(AU)


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea
4.
Am Heart J ; 169(4): 531-8, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25819860

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical outcomes and the effects of oral anticoagulants among patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and either a history of or acute heart failure (HF) are largely unknown. We aimed to assess the relationship between prior HF or acute HF complicating an index ACS event and subsequent clinical outcomes and the efficacy and safety of apixaban compared with placebo in these populations. METHODS: High-risk patients were randomly assigned post-ACS to apixaban 5.0 mg or placebo twice daily. Median follow-up was 8 (4-12) months. The primary outcome was cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke. The main safety outcome was thrombolysis in myocardial infarction major bleeding. RESULTS: Heart failure was reported in 2,995 patients (41%), either as prior HF (2,076 [28%]) or acute HF (2,028 [27%]). Patients with HF had a very high baseline risk and were more often managed medically. Heart failure was associated with a higher rate of the primary outcome (prior HF: adjusted hazard ratio [HR] 1.73, 95% CI 1.42-2.10, P < .0001, acute HF: adjusted HR 1.65, 95% CI 1.35-2.01, P < .0001) and cardiovascular death (prior HF: HR 2.54, 95% CI 1.82-3.54, acute HF: adjusted HR 2.52, 95% CI 1.82-3.50). Patients with acute HF also had significantly higher rates of thrombolysis in myocardial infarction major bleeding (prior HF: adjusted HR 1.22, 95% CI 0.65-2.27, P = .54, acute HF: adjusted HR 1.78, 95% CI 1.03-3.08, P = .04). There was no statistical evidence of a differential effect of apixaban on clinical events or bleeding in patients with or without prior HF; however, among patients with acute HF, there were numerically fewer events with apixaban than placebo (14.8 vs 19.3, HR 0.76, 95% CI 0.57-1.01, interaction P = .13), a trend that was not seen in patients with prior HF or no HF. CONCLUSIONS: In high-risk patients post-ACS, both prior and acute HFs are associated with an increased risk of subsequent clinical events. Apixaban did not significantly reduce clinical events and increased bleeding in patients with and without HF; however, there was a tendency toward fewer clinical events with apixaban in patients with acute HF.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/prevenção & controle , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Pirazóis/administração & dosagem , Piridonas/administração & dosagem , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Administração Oral , Idoso , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Eletrocardiografia , Inibidores do Fator Xa/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Circulation ; 121(25): 2724-30, 2010 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20547926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Collateral flow to the infarct artery territory after acute myocardial infarction may be associated with improved clinical outcomes and may also impact the benefit of subsequent recanalization of an occluded infarct-related artery. METHODS AND RESULTS: To understand the association between baseline collateral flow to the infarct territory on clinical outcomes and its interaction with percutaneous coronary intervention of an occluded infarct artery, long-term outcomes in 2173 patients with total occlusion of the infarct artery 3 to 28 days after myocardial infarction from the randomized Occluded Artery Trial were analyzed according to angiographic collaterals documented at study entry. There were important differences in baseline clinical and angiographic characteristics as a function of collateral grade, with generally lower-risk characteristics associated with higher collateral grade. Higher collateral grade was associated with lower rates of death (P=0.009), class III and IV heart failure (P<0.0001) or either (P=0.0002) but had no association with the risk of reinfarction. However, by multivariate analysis, collateral flow was neither an independent predictor of death nor of the primary end point of the trial (composite of death, reinfarction, or class IV heart failure). There was no interaction between angiographic collateral grade and the results of randomized treatment assignment (percutaneous coronary intervention or medical therapy alone) on clinical outcomes. CONCLUSIONS: In recent myocardial infarction, angiographic collaterals to the occluded infarct artery are correlates but not independent predictors of major clinical outcomes. Late recanalization of the infarct artery in addition to medical therapy shows no benefit compared with medical therapy alone, regardless of the presence or absence of collaterals. Therefore, revascularization decisions in patients with recent myocardial infarction should not be based on the presence or grade of angiographic collaterals. Clinical Trial Registration- URL: http://www.clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT00004562.


Assuntos
Circulação Colateral/fisiologia , Circulação Coronária/fisiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/mortalidade , Idoso , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/mortalidade , Arteriopatias Oclusivas/terapia , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/diagnóstico , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Prognóstico , Stents , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
7.
EuroIntervention ; 5(4): 443-7, 2009 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19755331

RESUMO

AIMS: To evaluate efficacy of percutaneous ultrasound-guided thrombin injection (UGTI) of iatrogenic femoral artery pseudoaneurysm (PSA) and to identify the risk factors associated with PSA recurrence. METHODS AND RESULTS: We treated 140 patients aged 76 years (range 49-83) presented with femoral artery PSA after cardiac catheterisation by percutaneous UGTI (500 IU/ml solution of activated human thrombin). Factors associated with the recurrence of PSA were analysed. One hundred nineteen patients were successfully treated by one injection of thrombin (immediate success rate 85%). In 19 patients (13.6%), short local compression following injection was needed for complete occlusion (overall success rate 98.6%, 138/140). In one case, progression of PSA required conversion to surgery (0.7%). In one patient with pre-existing stenosis of superficial femoral artery, acute limb ischaemia developed after UGTI (0.7%). The recurrence of PSA in 30-days follow-up (10 patients, 7%) was associated with obesity (BMI>30, OR=1.39, 95% CI 1.09-1.78, p<0.05), and with extensive combination of anti-aggregation and anti-coagulation therapy (OR=2.11, 95% CI 1.23-3.62, p<0.0001) as revealed by both univariate and multivariate analysis. CONCLUSIONS: The UGTI is a safe and effective treatment of iatrogenic femoral artery PSA. Recurrence is low and associated with obesity and extensive use of combined anti-aggregation and anti-coagulation therapy.


Assuntos
Falso Aneurisma/diagnóstico por imagem , Falso Aneurisma/epidemiologia , Artéria Femoral/diagnóstico por imagem , Injeções/efeitos adversos , Trombina/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Falso Aneurisma/etiologia , Cateterismo Cardíaco/efeitos adversos , Cateterismo Cardíaco/estatística & dados numéricos , Doença das Coronárias/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Doença Iatrogênica/epidemiologia , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Obesidade/epidemiologia , Recidiva , Trombina/administração & dosagem , Ultrassonografia
8.
J Am Coll Cardiol ; 54(8): 678-85, 2009 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19679245

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: We evaluated the efficacy and safety of prasugrel and clopidogrel in the setting of a glycoprotein (GP) IIb/IIIa inhibitor. BACKGROUND: Prasugrel reduced cardiovascular events as compared with clopidogrel in TRITON-TIMI 38 (Trial to Assess Improvement in Therapeutic Outcomes by Optimizing Platelet Inhibition with Prasugrel-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 38) but with increased bleeding. METHODS: Researchers in the TRITON-TIMI 38 randomized 13,608 subjects with acute coronary syndrome undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention to prasugrel versus clopidogrel. The use of a GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor was at the physician's discretion. For the current analysis, end points were examined at 30 days and were stratified by use of a GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor. RESULTS: A total of 7,414 subjects (54.5%) received a GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor during their index hospitalization. There was a consistent benefit of prasugrel over clopidogrel for reducing cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke in patients who did (hazard ratio: 0.76; 95% confidence interval: 0.64 to 0.90) or did not receive a GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor (hazard ratio: 0.78; 95% confidence interval: 0.63 to 0.97, p(interaction) = 0.83). Prasugrel significantly reduced myocardial infarction, urgent revascularization, and stent thrombosis irrespective of GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor use. Although subjects treated with a GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor had greater rates of bleeding, the risk of Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction major or minor bleeding with prasugrel versus clopidogrel was not significantly different in patients who were or were not treated with GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor (p(interaction) = 0.19). CONCLUSIONS: Prasugrel significantly reduces the risk of cardiovascular events in patients with acute coronary syndromes after percutaneous coronary intervention regardless of whether or not a GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor is used. The use of a GP IIb/IIIa inhibitor does not accentuate the relative risk of bleeding with prasugrel as compared with clopidogrel.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/terapia , Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Piperazinas/uso terapêutico , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2 , Tiofenos/uso terapêutico , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/complicações , Idoso , Clopidogrel , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/prevenção & controle , Piperazinas/administração & dosagem , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/administração & dosagem , Complexo Glicoproteico GPIIb-IIIa de Plaquetas/antagonistas & inibidores , Cloridrato de Prasugrel , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/prevenção & controle , Tiofenos/administração & dosagem , Ticlopidina/administração & dosagem , Ticlopidina/análogos & derivados , Ticlopidina/uso terapêutico
9.
Circulation ; 119(6): 779-87, 2009 Feb 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19188505

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The Occluded Artery Trial-Electrophysiological Mechanisms (OAT-EP) tested the hypothesis that opening a persistently occluded infarct-related artery by percutaneous coronary intervention and stenting (PCI) after the acute phase of myocardial infarction compared with optimal medical therapy alone reduces markers of vulnerability to ventricular arrhythmias. METHODS AND RESULTS: Between April 2003 and December 2005, 300 patients with an occluded native infarct-related artery 3 to 28 days (median, 12 days) after myocardial infarction were randomized to PCI or optimal medical therapy. Ten-minute digital Holter recordings were obtained before randomization, at 30 days, and at 1 year. The primary end point was the change in alpha1, a nonlinear heart rate variability parameter, between baseline and 1 year. Major secondary end points were the changes in the filtered QRS duration on the signal-averaged ECG and variability in T-wave morphology (T-wave variability) between baseline and 1 year. There were no significant differences in the changes in alpha1 (-0.04; 95% CI, -0.12 to 0.04), filtered QRS (2.2 ms; 95% CI, -1.4 to 5.9 ms), or T-wave variability (3.0 microV; 95% CI, -4.8 to 10.7 microV) between the PCI and medical therapy groups (medical therapy change minus PCI change). Multivariable analysis revealed that the results were unchanged after adjustment for baseline clinical variables and medication treatments during the Holter recordings. CONCLUSIONS: PCI with stenting of a persistently occluded infarct-related artery during the subacute phase after myocardial infarction compared with medical therapy alone had no significant effect on changes in heart rate variability, the time-domain signal-averaged ECG, or T-wave variability during the first year after myocardial infarction. These findings are consistent with the lack of clinical benefit, including no reduction in sudden death, with PCI for stable patients with persistently occluded infarct-related arteries after myocardial infarction in the main OAT.


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Oclusão Coronária/cirurgia , Técnicas Eletrofisiológicas Cardíacas , Idoso , Oclusão Coronária/etiologia , Oclusão Coronária/terapia , Morte Súbita , Eletrocardiografia , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Stents , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
Eur J Echocardiogr ; 9(2): 273-7, 2008 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17588499

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The left internal mammary artery (LIMA) is the conduit of choice for revascularization of coronary arteries and its popularity further increases in the era of mini-invasive coronary surgery. The aim of this study was first, to assess the accuracy of CDUS in predicting the LIMA graft dysfunction as compared to angiography, and secondly, to correlate the postoperative status of the LIMA graft with preoperative coronary artery stenosis severity of the bridged lesion. METHODS AND RESULTS: We examined 111 patients (pts) by colour-duplex ultrasound after myocardial revascularization by LIMA bypass (3.8 +/- 3.2 years after revascularization). LIMA was detected from the left supraclavicular approach at rest using the 7.5 MHz linear transducer. The ultrasound results were compared to contemporaneous angiography. The LIMA bypass patency was correlated with the preoperative coronary artery stenosis severity. The LIMA was detected by ultrasound in 92.8% (103) pts. At angiography, LIMA was patent and functional in 85 pts (76.6%, group A); in 25 subjects LIMA was stenosed or dysfunctional (22.5%, group B). In one patient the coronary subclavian steal syndrome was detected (0.9%). Haemodynamically moderate stenosis (50-60% by preoperative quantitative coronary angiography) was grafted in 5 pts of group A (6%), but in 10 pts of group B (40%) (P < 0.0001 vs group A). A peak systolic to peak diastolic velocity ratio (SDVR) of <2.0 yielded optimal accuracy to detect the absence of LIMA bypass dysfunction with a negative predictive value of 95%. CONCLUSION: 1. Revascularization of angiographically moderate coronary lesions is associated with a higher risk of postoperative graft dysfunction. 2. Colour-duplex ultrasound is a useful non-invasive tool for the postoperative follow-up of pts with a LIMA graft.


Assuntos
Angiografia Coronária/métodos , Doença das Coronárias/cirurgia , Ecocardiografia Doppler em Cores , Anastomose de Artéria Torácica Interna-Coronária , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Transdutores
11.
N Engl J Med ; 355(23): 2395-407, 2006 Dec 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17105759

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: It is unclear whether stable, high-risk patients with persistent total occlusion of the infarct-related coronary artery identified after the currently accepted period for myocardial salvage has passed should undergo percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in addition to receiving optimal medical therapy to reduce the risk of subsequent events. METHODS: We conducted a randomized study involving 2166 stable patients who had total occlusion of the infarct-related artery 3 to 28 days after myocardial infarction and who met a high-risk criterion (an ejection fraction of <50% or proximal occlusion). Of these patients, 1082 were assigned to routine PCI and stenting with optimal medical therapy, and 1084 were assigned to optimal medical therapy alone. The primary end point was a composite of death, myocardial reinfarction, or New York Heart Association (NYHA) class IV heart failure. RESULTS: The 4-year cumulative primary event rate was 17.2% in the PCI group and 15.6% in the medical therapy group (hazard ratio for death, reinfarction, or heart failure in the PCI group as compared with the medical therapy group, 1.16; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.92 to 1.45; P=0.20). Rates of myocardial reinfarction (fatal and nonfatal) were 7.0% and 5.3% in the two groups, respectively (hazard ratio, 1.36; 95% CI, 0.92 to 2.00; P=0.13). Rates of nonfatal reinfarction were 6.9% and 5.0%, respectively (hazard ratio, 1.44; 95% CI, 0.96 to 2.16; P=0.08); only six reinfarctions (0.6%) were related to assigned PCI procedures. Rates of NYHA class IV heart failure (4.4% vs. 4.5%) and death (9.1% vs. 9.4%) were similar. There was no interaction between treatment effect and any subgroup variable (age, sex, race or ethnic group, infarct-related artery, ejection fraction, diabetes, Killip class, and the time from myocardial infarction to randomization). CONCLUSIONS: PCI did not reduce the occurrence of death, reinfarction, or heart failure, and there was a trend toward excess reinfarction during 4 years of follow-up in stable patients with occlusion of the infarct-related artery 3 to 28 days after myocardial infarction. (ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00004562 [ClinicalTrials.gov].).


Assuntos
Angioplastia Coronária com Balão , Estenose Coronária/terapia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Idoso , Terapia Combinada , Estenose Coronária/complicações , Estenose Coronária/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mortalidade , Infarto do Miocárdio/complicações , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Prevenção Secundária , Stents
12.
EuroIntervention ; 1(4): 374-9, 2006 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19755208

RESUMO

AIMS: The purpose of this registry is to collect data on trends in interventional cardiology within Europe. Special interest focuses on relative increases and ratios in newer revascularization approaches and its distribution in different regions in Europe. We report the data of the year 2003 and give an overview of the development of coronary interventions since 1992, when the first data collection was performed. METHODS AND RESULTS: Questionnaires were distributed yearly to delegates of all national societies of cardiology represented in the European Society of Cardiology to collect the case numbers of all local institutions and operators. The overall numbers of coronary angiographies increased from 1992 to 2003 from 684,000 to 1,993,000 (from 1,250 to 3,500 per million inhabitants). The respective numbers for percutaneous coronary interventions (PCI-coronary angioplasty) and coronary stenting procedures increased from 184,000 to 733,000 (from 335 to 1,300) and from 3,000 to 610,000 (from 5 to 1,100), respectively. Germany has been the most active country for the past years with 653,000 angiographies (7,800), 222,000 angioplasties (2,500), and 180,000 stenting procedures (2,200) in 2003. The indication has shifted towards acute coronary syndromes, as demonstrated by raising rates of interventions for acute myocardial infarction over the last decade. The procedures are more readily performed and safer, as shown by increasing rate of "ad hoc" PCI and decreasing need for emergency coronary artery bypass surgery (CABG). In 2003, use of drug-eluting stents had further increased. However, an enormous variability is reported with the highest rate in Portugal (55%). CONCLUSION: Interventional cardiology in Europe is still expanding, mainly but not exclusively due to rapid growth in the eastern European countries. A number of new coronary revascularization procedures introduced over the years have all but disappeared. Only stenting has experienced an exponential growth. The same can be forecast for drug-eluting stenting.

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