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1.
Transpl Int ; 34(4): 732-742, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527467

RESUMO

The number of patients returning to dialysis after graft failure increases. Surprisingly, little is known about the clinical and immunological outcomes of this cohort. We retrospectively analyzed 254 patients after kidney allograft loss between 1997 and 2017 and report clinical outcomes such as mortality, relisting, retransplantations, transplant nephrectomies, and immunization status. Of the 254 patients, 49% had died 5 years after graft loss, while 27% were relisted, 14% were on dialysis and not relisted, and only 11% were retransplanted 5 years after graft loss. In the complete observational period, 111/254 (43.7%) patients were relisted. Of these, 72.1% of patients were under 55 years of age at time of graft loss and only 13.5% of patients were ≥65 years. Age at graft loss was associated with relisting in a logistic regression analysis. In the complete observational period, 42 patients (16.5%) were retransplanted. Only 4 of those (9.5%) were ≥65 years at time of graft loss. Nephrectomy had no impact on survival, relisting, or development of dnDSA. Patients after allograft loss have a high overall mortality. Immunization contributes to long waiting times. Only a very limited number of patients are retransplanted especially when ≥65 years at time of graft loss.

2.
World J Urol ; 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33471165

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the Prostate Health Index (PHI) density (PHID) in direct comparison with PHI in a prospective large cohort. METHODS: PHID values were calculated from prostate-specific antigen (PSA), free PSA and [- 2]proPSA and prostate volume. The 1057 patients included 552 men with prostate cancer (PCa) and 505 with no evidence of malignancy (NEM). In detail, 562 patients were biopsied at the Charité Hospital Berlin and 495 patients at the Sana Hospital Offenbach. All patients received systematic or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)/ultrasound fusion-guided biopsies. The diagnostic accuracy was evaluated by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves comparing areas under the ROC-curves (AUC). The decision curve analysis (DCA) was performed with the MATLAB Neural Network Toolbox. RESULTS: PHID provided a significant larger AUC than PHI (0.835 vs. 0.801; p = 0.0013) in our prospective cohort of 1057 men from 2 centers. The DCA had a maximum net benefit of ~ 5% for PHID vs. PHI between 35 and 65% threshold probability. In those 698 men within the WHO-calibrated PSA grey-zone up to 8 ng/ml, PHID was also significantly better than PHI (AUC 0.819 vs. 0.789; p = 0.0219). But PHID was not different from PHI in the detection of significant PCa. CONCLUSIONS: Based on ROC analysis and DCA, PHID had an advantage in comparison with PHI alone to detect any PCa but PHI and PHID performed equal in detecting significant PCa.

3.
Cancer Biomark ; 2020 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33361585

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There is an urgent need for better prostate cancer (PCa) biomarkers due to the low specificity of prostate specific antigen (PSA). OBJECTIVE: Prostate Health Index (PHI) is an advanced PSA-based test for early detection of PCa. The present study aim was to investigate the potential improvement of diagnostic accuracy of PHI by its combination with suitable discriminative microRNAs (miRNAs). METHODS: A two-phase study was performed. In a discovery phase, a panel of 177 miRNAs was measured in ten men with biopsy proven PCa and ten men with histologically no evidence of malignancy (NEM). These results were validated in a second phase including 25 patients in each group. The patients of all groups were matched regarding their PSA values and PHI were measured. RESULTS: Based on data in the discovery phase, four elevated miRNAs were selected as potential miRNA candidates for further validation. A combination of miR-222-3p as the best discriminative miRNA with PHI extended the diagnostic accuracy of PHI from an AUC value of 0.690 to 0.787 and resulted in a sensitivity of 72.0% and a specificity of 84.0%. CONCLUSION: Circulating microRNAs show useful diagnostic potential in combination with common used biomarkers to enhance their diagnostic power.

5.
Int J Mol Sci ; 21(19)2020 Oct 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33050010

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Bladder cancer is a heterogeneous malignancy. Therefore, it is difficult to find single predictive markers. Moreover, most studies focus on either the immunohistochemical or molecular assessment of tumor tissues by next-generation sequencing (NGS) or PCR, while a combination of immunohistochemistry (IHC) and PCR for tumor marker assessment might have the strongest impact to predict outcome and select optimal therapies in real-world application. We investigated the role of proliferation survivin/BIRC5 and macrophage infiltration (CD68, MAC387, CLEVER-1) on the basis of molecular subtypes of bladder cancer (KRT5, KRT20, ERBB2) to predict outcomes of adjuvant treated muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients with regard to progression-free survival (PFS) and disease-specific survival (DSS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We used tissue microarrays (TMA) from n = 50 patients (38 males, 12 female) with muscle-invasive bladder cancer. All patients had been treated with radical cystectomy followed by adjuvant triple chemotherapy. Median follow-up time was 60.5 months. CD68, CLEVER-1, MAC387, and survivin protein were detected by immunostaining and subsequent visual inspection. BIRC5, KRT5, KRT20, ERBB2, and CD68 mRNAs were detected by standardized RT-qPCR after tissue dot RNA extraction using a novel stamp technology. All these markers were evaluated in three different centers of excellence. RESULTS: Nuclear staining rather than cytoplasmic staining of survivin predicted DSS as a single marker with high levels of survivin being associated with better PFS and DSS upon adjuvant chemotherapy (p = 0.0138 and p = 0.001, respectively). These results were validated by the quantitation of BIRC5 mRNA by PCR (p = 0.0004 and p = 0.0508, respectively). Interestingly, nuclear staining of survivin protein was positively associated with BIRC5 mRNA, while cytoplasmic staining was inversely related, indicating that the translocation of survivin protein into the nucleus occurred at a discrete, higher level of its mRNA. Combining survivin/BIRC5 levels based on molecular subtype being assessed by KRT20 expression improved the predictive value, with tumors having low survivin/BIRC5 and KRT20 mRNA levels having the best survival (75% vs. 20% vs. 10% 5-year DSS, p = 0.0005), and these values were independent of grading, node status, and tumor stage in multivariate analysis (p = 0.0167). Macrophage infiltration dominated in basal tumors and was inversely related with the luminal subtype marker gene expression. The presence of macrophages in survivin-positive or ERBB2-positive tumors was associated with worse DSS. CONCLUSIONS: For muscle-invasive bladder cancer patients, the proliferative activity as determined by the nuclear staining of survivin or RT-qPCR on the basis of molecular subtype characteristics outperforms single marker detections and single technology approaches. Infiltration by macrophages detected by IHC or PCR is associated with worse outcome in defined subsets of tumors. The limitations of this study are the retrospective nature and the limited number of patients. However, the number of molecular markers has been restricted and based on predefined assumptions, which resulted in the dissection of muscle-invasive disease into tumor-biological axes of high prognostic relevance, which warrant further investigation and validation.

6.
Urol Int ; 104(11-12): 997-999, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32966984

RESUMO

We report 2 cases of de novo renal cell carcinoma (RCC) in renal grafts after transplantation. Both patients underwent nephron sparing surgery (NSS) 211 and 167 months after transplantation, revealing papillary RCC with a tumour size >4 cm (pT1a). Within a follow-up of 25 and 32 months after NSS, a stable renal function without indication for dialysis was present. No recurrence of RCC in both cases was reported within the yearly routine examinations. NSS in kidney allografts is a safe procedure with preservation of renal function.

7.
J Clin Med ; 9(9)2020 Sep 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32887366

RESUMO

The collection of lymphatic fluids (lymphoceles) is a frequent adverse event following renal transplantation. A variety of surgical and medical factors has been linked to this entity, but reliable data on risk factors and long-term outcomes are lacking. This retrospective single-center study included 867 adult transplant recipients who received a kidney transplantation from 2006 to 2015. We evaluated for patient and graft survival, rejection episodes, or detectable donor-specific antibodies (dnDSA) in patients with identified lymphoceles in comparison to controls. We identified 305/867 (35.2%) patients with lymphocele formation, of whom 72/867 (8.3%) needed intervention. Multivariate analysis identified rejection episode as an independent risk factor (OR 1.61, CI 95% 1.17-2.21, p = 0.003) for lymphocele formation, while delayed graft function was independently associated with symptomatic lymphoceles (OR 1.9, CI 95% 1.16-3.12, p = 0.011). Interestingly, there was no difference in detectable dnDSA between groups with a similar graft and patient survival in all groups after 10 years. Lymphoceles frequently occur after transplantation and were found to be independently associated with rejection episodes, while symptomatic lymphoceles were associated with delayed graft function in our cohort. As both are inflammatory processes, they might play a causative role in the formation of lymphoceles. However, development or intervention of lymphoceles did not lead to impaired graft survival in the long-term.

8.
Ther Clin Risk Manag ; 16: 787-793, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32922016

RESUMO

Purpose: An expansion of selection criteria for deceased organ transplantation already exists to manage the current donor shortage. Comparable evaluation of risk factors for living donors should be investigated to improve this issue. Patients and Methods: Our retrospective single-centre study analysed 158 patients with living kidney transplants performed between February 2006 and June 2012. We investigated the influence of donor risk factors (RF) including body mass index over 30 kg/m2, age >60 years, active nicotine abuse and arterial hypertension on postoperative kidney function with focus on the recipients. This was measured for long-term survival and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) in a 5-year follow-up. Results: Overall, out of 158 living donors, 84 donors were identified to have no risk factors, whereas 74 donors had at least one risk factor. We noted a significant higher delayed graft function (p=0.042) in the first 7 days after transplantation, as well as lower GFR of recipients of allografts with risk factors in the first-year after transplantation. In our long-term results, there was no significant difference in the functional outcome (graft function, recipient and graft survival) between recipients receiving kidneys from donors with no and at least one risk factors. In the adjusted analysis of subgroups of different risk factors, recipients of donors with "age over 60 years" at time of transplantation had a decreased transplant survival (p=0.014). Conclusion: Thus, a careful expansion for selection criteria for living donors with critical evaluation could be possible, but especially the age of the donors could be a limited risk factor.

9.
Eur Urol Focus ; 2020 Jul 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32654967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although multiparametric magnetic resonance imaging (mpMRI) revolutionized the implementation of prostate biopsies, a considerable amount of clinically significant prostate cancer (csPCa) is missed when performing mpMRI-targeted biopsies only. Microultrasound (micro-US) is a new modality that allows real-time targeting of suspicious regions. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate micro-US of the prostate with real-time targeting of suspicious regions in patients suspected to have prostate cancer (PCa). DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: We examined 159 patients with prior mpMRI and suspicion of PCa with micro-US in the period from February to December 2018. Micro-US lesions were documented according to the prostate risk identification for micro-US (PRI-MUS) protocol, and were blinded to the mpMRI results and targeted independently of the mpMRI lesions. OUTCOME MEASUREMENTS AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The main outcomes were cancer detection rate, additional detection of csPCa, and International Society of Urological Pathology (ISUP) grade group upgrading via micro-US. RESULTS AND LIMITATIONS: PCa was found in 113/159 (71%) men, with 49% (78/159) having clinically significant cancer (csPCa; ISUP ≥ 2). Micro-US-targeted biopsies resulted in a higher ISUP grade group than the nontargeted biopsies in 26% (42/159), compared with both nontargeted and MRI-targeted biopsies in 16% (26/159). In 17% (27/159) of patients, targeted mpMRI-guided biopsy was negative with cancer identified in the micro-US-guided biopsy, of whom 20 had csPCa. The comparison with only MRI-positive patients is the main limitation of this analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Our data show an added benefit of micro-US in addition to mpMRI-targeted biopsies in a population of men at risk of PCa. A novel biopsy protocol with solely targeted biopsy with micro-US and mpMRI seems possible, replacing conventional ultrasound and omitting standard systematic biopsies. PATIENT SUMMARY: In this report, we looked at the performance of microultrasound in the setting of diagnosing prostate cancer. We found that microultrasound is a good addition to magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the prostate and presents an alternative for men who may not undergo MRI.

10.
Urol Int ; 104(7-8): 646-650, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615567

RESUMO

Kidney transplantation is the treatment of choice for patients with ESRD. One rare complication after transplantation is the development of renal allograft compartment syndrome (RACS). We present a case of 1 patient who developed RACS due to compression of the transplant vein, which was then treated by salvaging the kidney transplant using urgent decompression surgery with mesh fascial closure. We postulate that this technique is safe and should be the treatment of choice for patients with RACS.

11.
J Clin Med ; 9(6)2020 Jun 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32545566

RESUMO

Health care systems worldwide have been facing major challenges since the outbreak of the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Kidney transplantation (KT) has been tremendously affected due to limited personal protective equipment (PPE) and intensive care unit (ICU) capacities. To provide valid information on risk factors for ICU admission in a high-risk cohort of old kidney recipients from old donors in the Eurotransplant Senior Program (ESP), we retrospectively conducted a bi-centric analysis. Overall, 17 (16.2%) patients out of 105 KTs were admitted to the ICU. They had a lower BMI, and both coronary artery disease (CAD) and hypertensive nephropathy were more frequent. A risk model combining BMI, CAD and hypertensive nephropathy gained a sensitivity of 94.1% and a negative predictive value of 97.8%, rendering it a valuable search test, but with low specificity (51.1%). ICU admission also proved to be an excellent parameter identifying patients at risk for short patient and graft survivals. Patients admitted to the ICU had shorter patient (1-year 57% vs. 90%) and graft (5-year 49% vs. 77%) survival. To conclude, potential kidney recipients with a low BMI, CAD and hypertensive nephropathy should only be transplanted in the ESP in times of SARS-CoV-2 pandemic if the local health situation can provide sufficient ICU capacities.

12.
Transplantation ; 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32496356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Mycophenolic acid (MPA) is a standard immunosuppressant in organ transplantation. A simple monitoring biomarker for MPA treatment has not been established so far. Here, we describe inosine 5'-monophosphate dehydrogenase (IMPDH) monitoring in erythrocytes and its application to kidney allograft recipients. METHODS: IMPDH activity measurements were performed using a high-performance liquid chromatography assay. Based on 4203 IMPDH measurements from 1021 patients we retrospectively explored the dynamics early after treatment start. In addition, we analyzed the influence of clinically relevant variables on IMPDH activity in a multivariate model using data from 711 stable patients. Associations between IMPDH activity and clinical events were evaluated in hospitalized patients. RESULTS: We found that IMPDH activity reflects MPA exposure after 8 weeks of constant dosing. In addition to dosage, body mass index, renal function and coimmunosuppression affected IMPDH activity. Significantly lower IMPDH activities were found in patients with biopsy-proven acute rejection as compared to patients without rejection (median [IQR]: 696 [358-1484] versus 1265 [867-1618] pmol XMP/h/mg haemoglobin, P<0.001). The highest IMPDH activities were observed in hospitalized patients with clinically evident MPA toxicity as compared to patients with hospitalization not related to MPA treatment (1548 [1021-2270] vs. 1072 [707-1439] pmol XMP/h/mg haemoglobin; P<0.001). Receiver operating characteristic curve analyses underlined the usefulness of IMPDH to predict rejection episodes (area 0.662; CI 0.584-0.740; P<0.001) and MPA-associated adverse events (area 0.632; CI 0.581-0.683; P<0.001), respectively. CONCLUSION: IMPDH measurement in erythrocytes is a novel and useful strategy for the longitudinal monitoring of MPA treatment.

13.
Am J Transplant ; 2020 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32515136

RESUMO

Mucosal associated invariant T (MAIT-) cells represent a semi-invariant T cell population responsive to microbial vitamin B metabolite and innate cytokine stimulation, executing border tissue protection and particularly contributing to human liver immunity. The impact of immunosuppressants on MAIT cell biology alone and in context with solid organ transplantation has not been thoroughly examined. Here, we demonstrate that in vitro cytokine activation of peripheral MAIT cells from healthy individuals was impaired by glucocorticoids, whereas antigen-specific stimulation was additionally sensitive to calcineurin inhibitors. In liver transplant (LTx) recipients, significant depletion of peripheral MAIT cells was observed that was largely independent of the type and dosage of immunosuppression, equally applied to tolerant patients, and was reproducible in kidney transplant recipients. However, MAIT cells from tolerant LTx patients exhibited a markedly diminished ex vivo activation signature, associated with individual regain of functional competence toward antigenic and cytokine stimulation. Still, MAIT cells from tolerant and treated liver recipients exhibited high levels of PD1, accompanied by functional impairment particularly toward bacterial stimulation that also affected polyfunctionality. Our data suggest interlinked effects of primary liver pathology and immunosuppressive treatment on overall MAIT cell fitness after transplantation and propose their monitoring in context with tolerance induction protocols.

14.
Urol Int ; 104(7-8): 641-645, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32417839

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In living donor transplantation choosing the right donor and donor side for laparoscopic donor nephrectomy is a challenging task in clinical practice. Knowledge about anomalies in renal blood supply are crucial to evaluate the feasibility of the operative procedure. Few data so far exist whether the existence of a retroaortic left renal vein has an impact on living kidney transplantation outcome for donor and recipient. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 221 patients who underwent laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy between 2011 and 2017 for existence of a retroaortic left renal vein. Clinical characteristics and operative outcomes for donors and recipients were analyzed. RESULTS: 221 patients underwent donor nephrectomy between 2011 and 2017; 11 patients (4.98%) showed the feature of a retroaortic left renal vein, and in 8 patients (72.7%) out of those 11 the left kidney was chosen for transplantation. Mean preoperative serum creatinine was 0.77 (0.49-0.98) mg/dL and 1.28 (0.97-1.64) mg/dL at discharge. In recipients mean serum creatinine preoperatively, after 1 week, 1 month,1 year, 2 and 3 years of follow-up was 10.36 (6.09-20.77) mg/dL, 1.71 (0.67-2.72), 1.33 (0.70-1.89), 1.31 (0.95-2.13), 1.31 (0.98-2.13) and 1.33 (1.03-1.84), respectively. Neither donors nor recipients suffered from any operative complications. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic living donor nephrectomy of a left kidney with retroaortic renal vein is safe for the donor, without limitation in the outcome for the recipient.

15.
J Clin Med ; 9(6)2020 May 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32466503

RESUMO

Living kidney donation is the best treatment for end-stage renal disease, however, the best surgical approach for minimally-invasive donor nephrectomy (DN) is still a matter of debate. This bi-centric study aimed to retrospectively compare perioperative outcomes and postoperative kidney function after 257 transperitoneal DNs including 52 robot-assisted (RDN) and 205 laparoscopic DNs (LDN). As primary outcomes, the intraoperative (operating time, warm ischemia time (WIT), major complications) and postoperative (length of stay, complications) results were compared. As secondary outcomes, postoperative kidney and graft function were analyzed including delayed graft function (DGF) rates, and the impact of the surgical approach was assessed. Overall, the type of minimally-invasive donor nephrectomy (RDN vs. LDN) did not affect primary outcomes, especially not operating time and WIT; and major complication and DGF rates were low in both groups. A history of smoking and preoperative kidney function, but not the surgical approach, were predictive for postoperative serum creatinine of the donor and recipient. To conclude, RDN and LDN have equivalent perioperative results in experienced centers. For this reason, not the surgical approach, but rather the graft- (preoperative kidney function) and patient-specific (history of smoking) aspects impacted postoperative kidney function.

16.
Am J Transplant ; 20(7): 1826-1836, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32323460

RESUMO

The ongoing severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic has a drastic impact on national health care systems. Given the overwhelming demand on facility capacity, the impact on all health care sectors has to be addressed. Solid organ transplantation represents a field with a high demand on staff, intensive care units, and follow-up facilities. The great therapeutic value of organ transplantation has to be weighed against mandatory constraints of health care capacities. In addition, the management of immunosuppressed recipients has to be reassessed during the ongoing coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. In addressing these crucial questions, transplant physicians are facing a total lack of scientific evidence. Therefore, the aim of this study was to offer an approach of consensus-based guidance, derived from individual information of 22 transplant societies. Key recommendations were extracted and the degree of consensus among different organizations was calculated. A high degree of consensus was found for temporarily suspending nonurgent transplant procedures and living donation programs. Systematic polymerase chain reaction-based testing of donors and recipients was broadly recommended. Additionally, more specific aspects (eg, screening of surgical explant teams and restricted use of marginal donor organs) were included in our analysis. This study offers a novel approach to informed guidance for health care management when a priori no scientific evidence is available.


Assuntos
Técnicas de Laboratório Clínico , Infecções por Coronavirus/prevenção & controle , Transplante de Órgãos/normas , Transplante de Órgãos/tendências , Pandemias/prevenção & controle , Pneumonia Viral/prevenção & controle , Betacoronavirus , Consenso , Infecções por Coronavirus/diagnóstico , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Cuidados Críticos , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Política de Saúde , Humanos , Hospedeiro Imunocomprometido , Internacionalidade , Doadores Vivos , Transplante de Órgãos/métodos , Equipamento de Proteção Individual , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase , Radiografia Torácica , Alocação de Recursos , Sociedades Médicas , Doadores de Tecidos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Transplantados
17.
Curr Urol Rep ; 21(1): 3, 2020 Jan 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31960193

RESUMO

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: In the setting of kidney transplantation, the ureter is a common source for complications. As a result, prevention of ureteral complications and their management is of crucial importance. In this context, the purpose of this review is to summarize recent literature on the ureter in the kidney transplant setting with a special focus on new findings. We conducted a PubMed and Medline search over the last 10 years to identify all new publications related to ureteroneoimplantations, stents and management of complications in the kidney transplant setting. RECENT FINDINGS: Performance of the "Lich-Gregoir" technique for ureteroneocystostomy seems to be favourable in regard to postoperative complications when compared with other methods described in the literature. Moreover, major urologic complications can be further reduced by ureteral stenting. A new approach for management of ureteral strictures in renal transplants is presented. We discussed the usage of a ureteral stent covered with a biostable polymer aiming to prevent tissue ingrowth into the lumen as a new option for management of ureteral stricture in the kidney transplant setting.


Assuntos
Transplante de Rim/métodos , Ureter/cirurgia , Obstrução Ureteral/terapia , Derivação Urinária/efeitos adversos , Derivação Urinária/métodos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/efeitos adversos , Constrição Patológica , Humanos , Stents , Obstrução Ureteral/etiologia
18.
Aktuelle Urol ; 51(3): 290-298, 2020 06.
Artigo em Alemão | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29258130

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: In patients with localised renal cell carcinoma, the only curative treatment option is surgical tumour excision. The aim of this study was to evaluate peri- and postoperative outcomes as well as oncologic and functional long-term results following surgical treatment of patients with renal cell carcinoma (pT1/pT2) at a tertiary referral centre. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This retrospective study included a total of 758 patients with localised renal cell carcinoma (pT1 /pT2), who underwent radical (RN) or partial (PN) nephrectomy between 01/2008 and 10/2014. Pre-, peri- and postoperative parameters were recorded. Oncologic and functional long-term data were retrieved through questionnaires and structured telephone interviews. RESULTS: Laparoscopic RN or PN resulted in less blood loss and lower peri- and postoperative complication rates compared to open procedures. Regarding short- and long-term renal function, a higher increase in serum creatinine levels was detected after RN. No difference was noted in health status and quality of life. Median follow-up was 36 months. A total of 10.4 % of patients died during follow-up. 4.7 % and 8.4 % developed a relapse or metastatic disease. No difference was found between laparoscopic and open RN/PNs in terms of oncologic long-term results. DISCUSSION: In conclusion, all surgical techniques evaluated in this study provided good oncologic and functional short-/long-term outcomes.

19.
World J Urol ; 38(6): 1501-1507, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31463559

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with localized prostate cancer (PCa) experience biochemical recurrence (BCR) despite a curatively intended radical prostatectomy (RP). The aim of this study was to describe the quality of life (QoL) of patients with a BCR while identifying predictors of early (ER) and late recurrence (LR). METHODS: For this purpose, a total of 330 PCa patients with a BCR following RP at Charité University Hospital in Berlin were analyzed. BCR was defined as two consecutive PSA values ≥ 0.2 after a previous non-detectable level. LR was defined as a BCR after 3 years post-RP. Differences in overall survival (OS) were calculated using the log-rank testing. A logistic regression model was applied to identify predictors of ER and LR. We further evaluated difference between ER and LR with respect to functional outcomes in urinary and sexual domains as well as the patients QoL. RESULTS: Out of 330 patients, 180 patients showed late BCR. Patients rated their global QoL with 64.5% in ER and 68.8% LR as good (EORTC quality of life Questionnaire, question 29 and 30). The questionnaire did not reveal QoL differences in terms of sexual and urinary function within ER and LR. The main predictor for LR was preoperative serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels with a relative risk (RR) of 0.96 (p = 0.011). OS for patients with LR was significant longer than for patients with ER (154.3 vs. 143.2 months, p = 0.018). CONCLUSION: Patients with a BCR show a good quality of life possibly irrespective of the time point of BCR. We further identified preoperative PSA levels as a predictor of LR and noted that patients with LR patients lived longer. Further studies are needed.

20.
J Clin Med ; 8(10)2019 Oct 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31590248

RESUMO

The aim of this study was 1) to evaluate and compare pre-, peri-, and post-operative data of Autosomal Dominant Polycystic Kidney Disease (ADPKD) patients undergoing native nephrectomy (NN) either before or after renal transplantation and 2) to identify advantages of optimal surgical timing, postoperative outcomes, and economical aspects in a tertiary transplant centre. This retrospective analysis included 121 patients divided into two groups-group 1: patients who underwent NN prior to receiving a kidney transplant (n = 89) and group 2: patients who underwent NN post-transplant (n = 32). Data analysis was performed according to demographic patient details, surgical indication, laboratory parameters, perioperative complications, underlying pathology, and associated mortality. There was no significant difference in patient demographics between the groups, however right-sided nephrectomy was performed predominantly within group 1. The main indication in both groups undergoing a nephrectomy was pain. Patients among group 2 had no postoperative kidney failure and a significantly shorter hospital stay. Higher rates of more severe complications were observed in group 1, even though this was not statistically significant. Even though the differences between both groups were substantial, the time of NN prior or post-transplant does not seem to affect short-term and long-term transplantation outcomes. Retroperitoneal NN remains a low risk treatment option in patients with symptomatic ADPKD and can be performed either pre- or post-kidney transplantation depending on patients' symptom severity.

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