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1.
Prog Urol ; 2020 Feb 14.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32067907

RESUMO

AIM: Evaluate the impact of pelvic floor education on the symptoms of female patients referred for pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT). METHODS: Forty female patients suffering from pelvic floor disorders and referred to independent practice for PFME between February and May 2019 answered a survey on symptoms and quality of life before PFME, after four sessions of pelvic floor education and at the end of PFME. The ICIQ-SF, USP, Contilife, PDFI 20, Kess, and Wexner scores were used to evaluate the results. The protocol consisted in four initial sessions of pelvic floor education including information on each field of perineology ; the fifth session was dedicated to visual feedback using a mirror ; the following five sessions were tailored according to the care objectives established based on the initial assessment. RESULTS: The scores were significantly improved after the four initial sessions of pelvic floor education. The improvement was significant at the end of the re-education program. The PFDI-20 score dropped from 66,9 to 20,9 (P=0,002), the ICIQ-SF score from 8,4 to 1,5 (P<10-3), the Wexner score from 7,4 to 5,1 (P<10-3) and the Kess score from 14,2 to 8,7 (P=0,05). CONCLUSION: The results showed that female patients undergoing perineal re-education including pelvic floor education sessions show a significant improvement in their symptoms already immediately after the pelvic floor education sessions.

3.
Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol ; 48(1): 3-11, 2020 01.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31678506

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To revise the organization and the methodology of the Practice Clinical Guidelines (PCG) of the French College of Gynecologists and Obstetricians (CNGOF). METHODS: The different available methods of PCG organization and of scientific evidence grading have been consulted after searching in the Medline database. RESULTS: The PCG group of the CNGOF has decided to adopt the AGREE II (for Appraisal of Guidelines for REsearch and Evaluation) methology for PCG organization and the GRADE (for Grading of Recommendation Assessment, Development, and Evaluation) system for grading scientific evidence. CONCLUSION: By adopting the AGREE II consortium criteria and grading scientific evidence according to the GRADE system, the CNGOF will increase the quality of the overall process, will deliver more targeted and easy to assimilate recommendations, to facilitate professional decision making.

4.
BJOG ; 127(1): 88-97, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31544327

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the short-term incidence of serious complications of surgery for urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse. DESIGN: Prospective longitudinal cohort study using a surgical registry. SETTING: Thirteen public hospitals in France. POPULATION: A cohort of 1873 women undergoing surgery between February 2017 and August 2018. METHODS: Preliminary analysis of serious complications after a mean follow-up of 7 months (0-18 months), according to type of surgery. Surgeons reported procedures and complications, which were verified by the hospitals' information systems. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Serious complication requiring discontinuation of the procedure or subsequent surgical intervention, life-threatening complication requiring resuscitation, or death. RESULTS: Fifty-two women (2.8%, 95% CI 2.1-3.6%) experienced a serious complication either during surgery, requiring the discontinuation of the procedure, or during the first months of follow-up, necessitating a subsequent reoperation. One woman also required resuscitation; no women died. Of 811 midurethral slings (MUSs), 11 were removed in part or totally (1.4%, 0.7-2.3%), as were two of 391 transvaginal meshes (0.5%, 0.1-1.6%), and four of 611 laparoscopically placed mesh implants (0.7%, 0.2-1.5%). The incidence of serious complications 6 months after the surgical procedure was estimated to be around 3.5% (2.0-5.0%) after MUS alone, 7.0% (2.8-11.3%) after MUS with prolapse surgery, 1.7% (0.0-3.8%) after vaginal native tissue repair, 2.8% (0.9-4.6%) after transvaginal mesh, and 1.0% (0.1-1.9%) after laparoscopy with mesh. CONCLUSIONS: Early serious complications are relatively rare. Monitoring must be continued and expanded to assess the long-term risk associated with mesh use and to identify its risk factors. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Short-term serious complications are rare after surgery for urinary incontinence or pelvic organ prolapse, even with mesh.


Assuntos
Diafragma da Pelve/cirurgia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Telas Cirúrgicas/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Colposcopia/efeitos adversos , Colposcopia/mortalidade , Colposcopia/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Complicações Intraoperatórias/etiologia , Complicações Intraoperatórias/mortalidade , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/mortalidade , Estudos Prospectivos , Sistema de Registros , Slings Suburetrais/efeitos adversos , Slings Suburetrais/estatística & dados numéricos , Telas Cirúrgicas/estatística & dados numéricos , Centros Cirúrgicos/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto Jovem
5.
BJOG ; 2019 Dec 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31872546

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To estimate the prevalence of flatus-only and faecal incontinence, to describe their risk factors, and to analyse the association between anal incontinence and psychological distress over the first year postpartum. DESIGN: Cohort study from pregnancy to 12 months postpartum. SETTING: Two university hospital maternity wards in France. POPULATION: A total of 2002 pregnant women were recruited between 2003 and 2006. Data on anal incontinence were available for the 1632 women who comprise the sample for analysis. METHODS: Women were enrolled during pregnancy. A postal questionnaire was sent at 4 and 12 months postpartum. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Anal (flatus-only and faecal) incontinence was assessed at 4 months postpartum. Mental health was assessed at 4 and 12 months postpartum by the Edinburgh Postpartum Depression Scale (EPDS) and use of antidepressant drugs as well as by self-rated mental health. RESULTS: At 4 months postpartum, the prevalence for flatus-only incontinence was 14.4% and for faecal incontinence 1.7%; multivariate analysis, restricted to women reporting no anal incontinence before the index pregnancy, showed that continuing breastfeeding at 4 months was related to a higher risk of de novo postpartum anal incontinence (OR = 2.23). Women who reported anal incontinence at 4 months were more frequently depressed (EPDS ≥10 or antidepressant use) at 12 months postpartum: 36.0% of those with faecal incontinence were depressed, 23.3% of those with flatus-only incontinence, and only 14.8% of the continent women. CONCLUSION: Postnatal faecal incontinence was rare but associated with poorer maternal mental health. Postnatal screening should be encouraged, and psychological support offered. TWEETABLE ABSTRACT: Postnatal faecal incontinence was associated with depression; postnatal screening should be encouraged and psychological support offered.

6.
Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol ; 47(9): 627-636, 2019 09.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31255835

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The main endpoint was to perform a survey about the practices of episiotomy into a CNGOF (National College of French Obstetricians and Gynecologists) members population. METHODS: In November 2018, it was proceeded to a national survey from CNGOF members thanks to an online questionnaire. We collected prospectively: the answerer's characteristics, the rate of episiotomy and its systematics indications for spontaneous and operative delivery, the habits of the practitioners for the section and the reparation, the modalities of women's information and the data entered into the medical record. RESULTS: Three hundred and eighty nine CNGOF members answered to the survey. They were 69% to declare performing less than 10% of episiotomy in case of spontaneous vertex delivery. The most frequent systematic indication of episiotomy was the personal history of obstetric anal sphincter injury (more than 30% of answerers). Systematic episiotomy was less frequent in case of vacuum assisted operative delivery compared to forceps (OR=0.18 [0.08-0.37]) or spatulas (OR=0.28 [0.12-0.59]). Most of practitioners (94%) declared performing mediolateral episiotomies, 64% declared cutting with an equal or more than 45° angle and 50% declared using a resorbable continuous suture technique for the reparation. Half of the answerers (46%) indicated that they inform et collected women's consent before performing an episiotomy. CONCLUSIONS: Several practices, women's information, section angle and the reparation technique are subject to change by the latest 2018 CNGOF guidelines about perineal protection.

7.
Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol ; 47(5): 398-403, 2019 05.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30880245

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To provide up-to-date guidelines on management of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID). METHODS: An initial search of the Cochrane database, PubMed, and Embase was performed using keywords related to PID to identify reports in any language published between January 1990 and January 2012, with an update in 2018. All identified reports published in French and English relevant to the areas of focus were included. A level of evidence based on the quality of the data available was applied for each area of focus and used for the guidelines. RESULTS: PID must be suspected when spontaneous pelvic pain is associated with induced adnexal or uterine pain (grade B). Pelvic ultrasonography is necessary to exclude tubo-ovarian abscess (TOA) (grade C). Microbiological diagnosis requires endocervical and TOA sampling for molecular and bacteriological analysis (grade B). First-line treatment for uncomplicated PID combines ceftriaxone 1g, once, by intra-muscular (IM) or intra-venous (IV) route, doxycycline 100mg×2/d, and metronidazole 500mg×2/d oral (PO) for 10 days (grade A). First-line treatment for complicated PID combines IV ceftriaxone 1 to 2g/d until clinical improvement, doxycycline 100mg×2/d, IV or PO, and metronidazole 500mg×3/d, IV or PO for 14days (grade B). Drainage of TOA is indicated if the collection measures more than 3cm (grade B). Follow-up is required in women with sexually transmitted infections (STI) (grade C). The use of condoms is recommended (grade B). Vaginal sampling for microbiological diagnosis is recommended 3 to 6months after PID (grade C), before the insertion of an intra-uterine device (grade B), before elective termination of pregnancy or hysterosalpingography. Targeted antibiotics on identified bacteria are better than systematic antibioprophylaxis in those conditions. CONCLUSIONS: Current management of PID requires easily reproducible investigations and antibiotics adapted to STI and vaginal microbiota.


Assuntos
Doença Inflamatória Pélvica , Antibacterianos/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , /microbiologia , Dispositivos Intrauterinos , Doença Inflamatória Pélvica/diagnóstico , Doença Inflamatória Pélvica/microbiologia , Doença Inflamatória Pélvica/terapia , Dor Pélvica , Doenças Sexualmente Transmissíveis , Ultrassonografia
8.
Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol ; 47(5): 404-408, 2019 05.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30878687

RESUMO

The objective of this literature review is to update the recommendations for clinical practice about the diagnosis of pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), microbiologic diagnosis excluded. An adnexal pain or cervical motion tenderness are the signs that allow a positive diagnosis of PID (LE2). Associated signs (fever, leucorrhoea, metrorrhagia) reinforce clinical diagnosis (LE2). In a woman consulting for symptoms compatible with PID, a pelvic clinical examination is recommended (grade B). In cases of suspected PID, hyperleukocytosis associated with a high C-reactive protein suggests a complicated PID or a differential diagnosis such as acute appendicitis (LE3). The absence of hyperleukocytosis or normal CRP does not rule out the diagnosis of PID (LE1). When PID is suspected, a blood test with a blood count and a CRP test is recommended (grade C). Pelvic ultrasound scan does not contribute to the positive diagnosis of uncomplicated PID because it is insensitive and unspecific (LE3). However, ultrasound scan is recommended to look for signs of complicated PID (polymorphic collection) or differential diagnosis (grade C). Waiting for an ultrasound scan to be performed should not delay the start-up of antibiotic therapy. In case of diagnostic uncertainty, an abdominal-pelvic CT scan with contrast injection is useful for differential diagnosis of urinary, digestive or gynaecological origin (LE2). Laparoscopy is not recommended for the unique purpose of the positive diagnosis of PID (grade B).


Assuntos
Doença Inflamatória Pélvica/diagnóstico , Apendicite , Contagem de Células Sanguíneas , Proteína C-Reativa/análise , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Leucocitose , Doença Inflamatória Pélvica/diagnóstico por imagem , Dor Pélvica , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Ultrassonografia
9.
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod ; 48(7): 455-460, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30553051

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of these clinical practice guidelines was to analyse all of the interventions during pregnancy and childbirth that might prevent obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) and postnatal pelvic floor symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: These guidelines were developed in accordance with the methods prescribed by the French Health Authority (HAS). RESULTS: A prenatal clinical examination of the perineum is recommended for women with a history of Crohn's disease, OASIS, genital mutilation, or perianal lesions (professional consensus). Just after delivery, a perineal examination is recommended to check for OASIS (Grade B); if there is doubt about the diagnosis, a second opinion should be requested (Grade C). In case of OASIS, the injuries (including their severity) and the technique for their repair should be described in detail (Grade C). Perineal massage during pregnancy must be encouraged among women who want it (Grade B). No intervention conducted before the start of the active phase of the second stage of labour has been shown to be effective in reducing the risk of perineal injury. The crowning of the baby's head should be manually controlled and the posterior perineum manually supported to reduce the risk of OASIS (Grade C). The performance of an episiotomy during normal deliveries is not recommended to reduce the risk of OASIS (Grade A). In instrumental deliveries, episiotomy may be indicated to avoid OASIS (Grade C). When an episiotomy is performed, a mediolateral incision is recommended (Grade B). The indication for episiotomy should be explained to the woman, and she should consent before its performance. Advising women to have a caesarean delivery for primary prevention of postnatal urinary or anal incontinence is not recommended (Grade B). During pregnancy and again in the labour room, obstetrics professionals should focus on the woman's expectations and inform her about the modes of delivery.

10.
Prog Urol ; 28(17): 943-952, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30501940

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this work was to issue clinical practice guidelines on antibiotic prophylaxis in urodynamics (urodynamic studies, UDS). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Clinical practice guidelines were provided using a formal consensus method. Guidelines proposals were drew up by a multidisciplinary experts group (pilot group = steering group), then rated by a panel of 12 experts (rating group) using a formal consensus method, and then peer reviewed by a reviewing/reading group of experts (different from the rating group). RESULTS: Urine (bacterial) culture with antimicrobial susceptibility testing is recommended for all patients before UDS (strong agreement). In patients with no neurologic disease, the risk factors for tract urinary infection (UTI) after UDS are age > 70 years, recurrent UTI, and post-void residual volume > 100ml. In patients with neurologic disease, the risk factors for UTI after UDS are recurrent UTI, vesicoureteral reflux, and intermicturition pressure > 40cmH2O. If the urine culture is negative before UDS and there is no risk factor for UTI, antibiotic prophylaxis is not recommended (Strong agreement). If the urine culture is negative before UDS, but there are one or more risk factors for UTI, antibiotic prophylaxis is optional. If antibiotic prophylaxis is initiated, a single oral dose (3g) of fosfomycin-tromethamine two hours before UDS is recommended (Strong agreement). If there is bacterial colonization on UCB before UDS, antibiotic therapy is optional (Undecided). If prescribed, it should be adapted to the antimicrobial susceptibility of the identified bacterium or bacteria, started the day before and stopped after UDS (except for fosfomycin-tromethamine: a single dose the day before UDS is necessary and sufficient) (Strong agreement). In the event of UTI before UDS, the UTI should be treated and UDS postponed (Strong agreement). The proposed recommendations should not be changed for patients with a hip or knee replacement (Strong agreement). No antibiotic prophylaxis of bacterial endocarditis is necessary, including in high-risk patients with valvular heart disease (Strong agreement). CONCLUSION: These new guidelines should help to harmonize clinical practice and limit exposure to antibiotics. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.


Assuntos
Antibacterianos/uso terapêutico , Antibioticoprofilaxia/métodos , Antibioticoprofilaxia/normas , Infecções Urinárias/tratamento farmacológico , Urodinâmica/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso , Consenso , Prova Pericial , França , Humanos , Infecções Urinárias/diagnóstico , Infecções Urinárias/microbiologia
11.
Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol ; 46(12): 913-921, 2018 12.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30385355

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this review was to agree on a definition of the obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS), to determine the prevalence and risk factors. METHODS: A comprehensive review of the literature on the obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS), establishment of levels of evidence (NP), and grades of recommendation according to the methodology of the recommendations for clinical practice. RESULTS: To classify obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS), we have used the WHO-RCOG classification, which lists 4 degrees of severity. To designate obstetric anal sphincter injuries, we have used the acronym OASIS, rather than the standard French terms of "complete perineum" and "complicated complete perineum". OASIS with only isolated involvement of the EAS (3a and 3b) appears to have a better functional prognosis than OASIS affecting the IAS or the anorectal mucosa (3c and 4) (LE3). The prevalence of women with ano-rectal symptoms increases with the severity of the OASIS (LE3). In the long term, 35-60% of women who had an OASIS have anal or fecal incontinence (LE3). The prevalence of an OASI in the general population is between 0.25 to 6%. The prevalence of OASIS in primiparous women is between 1.4 and 16% and thus, should be considered more important than among the multiparous women (0.4 to 2.7%). In women with a history of previous OASIS, the risk of occurrence is higher and varies between 5.1 and 10.7% following childbirth. The priority in this context remains the training of childbirth professionals (midwives and obstetricians) to detect these injuries in the delivery room, immediately after the birth. The training and awareness of these practitioners of OASIS diagnosis improves its detection in the delivery room (LE2). Professional experience is associated with better detection of OASIS (LE3) (4). Continuing professional education of obstetrics professionals in the diagnosis and repair of OASIS must be encouraged (Grade C). In the case of second-degree perineal tear, the use of ultrasound in the delivery room improves the diagnosis of OASIS (LE2). Ultrasound decreases the prevalence of symptoms of severe anal incontinence at 1 year (LE2). The diagnosis of OASIS is improved by the use of endo-anal ultrasonography in post-partum (72h-6weeks) (LE2). The principal factors associated with OASIS are nulliparity and instrumental (vaginal operative) delivery; the others are advanced maternal age, history of OASIS, macrosomia, midline episiotomy, posterior cephalic positions, and long labour (LE2). The presence of a perianal lesion (perianal fissure, or anorectal or rectovaginal fistula) is associated with an increased risk of 4th degree lacerations (LE3). Crohn's disease without perianal involvement is not associated with an excess risk of OASIS (LE3). For women with type III genital mutilation, deinfibulation before delivery is associated with a reduction in the risk of OASIS (LE3); in this situation, deinfibulation is recommended before delivery (grade C). CONCLUSION: It is necessary to use a consensus definition of the OASIS to be able to better detect and treat them.


Assuntos
Canal Anal/lesões , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Lacerações/epidemiologia , Obstetrícia/métodos , Períneo/lesões , Canal Anal/diagnóstico por imagem , Parto Obstétrico/instrumentação , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Episiotomia , Incontinência Fecal/etiologia , Incontinência Fecal/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Macrossomia Fetal , França/epidemiologia , Humanos , Lacerações/prevenção & controle , Lacerações/terapia , Idade Materna , Obstetrícia/educação , Paridade , Gravidez , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Ultrassonografia
12.
Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol ; 46(12): 893-899, 2018 12.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30391283

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The objective of these clinical practice guidelines was to analyse all of the interventions during pregnancy and childbirth that might prevent obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) and postnatal pelvic floor symptoms. MATERIAL AND METHODS: These guidelines were developed in accordance with the methods prescribed by the French Health Authority (HAS). RESULTS: A prenatal clinical examination of the perineum is recommended for women with a history of Crohn's disease, OASIS, genital mutilation, or perianal lesions (professional consensus). Just after delivery, a perineal examination is recommended to check for OASIS (Grade B); if there is doubt about the diagnosis, a second opinion should be requested (GradeC). In case of OASIS, the injuries (including their severity) and the technique for their repair should be described in detail (GradeC). Perineal massage during pregnancy must be encouraged among women who want it (Grade B). No intervention conducted before the start of the active phase of the second stage of labour has been shown to be effective in reducing the risk of perineal injury. The crowning of the baby's head should be manually controlled and the posterior perineum manually supported to reduce the risk of OASIS (GradeC). The performance of an episiotomy during normal deliveries is not recommended to reduce the risk of OASIS (Grade A). In instrumental deliveries, episiotomy may be indicated to avoid OASIS (GradeC). When an episiotomy is performed, a mediolateral incision is recommended (Grade B). The indication for episiotomy should be explained to the woman, and she should consent before its performance. Advising women to have a caesarean delivery for primary prevention of postnatal urinary or anal incontinence is not recommended (Grade B). During pregnancy and again in the labour room, obstetrics professionals should focus on the woman's expectations and inform her about the modes of delivery.


Assuntos
Obstetrícia/métodos , Períneo/lesões , Canal Anal/lesões , Cesárea , Parto Obstétrico/efeitos adversos , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Episiotomia/métodos , Incontinência Fecal/etiologia , Incontinência Fecal/prevenção & controle , Feminino , França , Humanos , Trabalho de Parto , Lacerações/prevenção & controle , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco
14.
Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol ; 46(7-8): 593-597, 2018.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29997048

RESUMO

The evaluation of genital prolapse is essentially clinical; however imaging tests such as dynamic MRI or urodynamic explorations may be useful in complex cases, especially before surgical management. Dynamic MRI allows morphological and dynamic analysis of pelvic floor and levator ani function. It can also detect post-obstetric injuries, although the long-term significance of these injuries remains to be discovered. Quantification of the severity of prolapse is possible with MRI; however, the correlation of these measures with clinical examination seems poor. Its interest lies mainly in the qualitative assessment of the three stages of prolapse and the detection of elytroceles, which can be difficult to clinical examination. Urodynamics provides useful information on vesico-sphincteric function, but none of these parameters seems to be decisive in the management of prolapse.


Assuntos
Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/fisiopatologia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/cirurgia , Cuidados Pré-Operatórios/métodos , Urodinâmica , Canal Anal/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Diafragma da Pelve/patologia , Prolapso de Órgão Pélvico/patologia
15.
J Gynecol Obstet Hum Reprod ; 47(7): 265-274, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29920379

RESUMO

First-line diagnostic investigations for endometriosis are physical examination and pelvic ultrasound. The second-line investigations are: targeted pelvic examination performed by an expert clinician, transvaginal ultrasound performed by an expert physician sonographer (radiologist or gynaecologist), and pelvic MRI. Management of endometriosis is recommended when the disease has a functional impact. Recommended first-line hormonal therapies for the management of endometriosis-related pain are combined hormonal contraceptives (CHCs) or the 52mg levonorgestrel-releasing intrauterine system (IUS). There is no evidence base on which to recommend systematic preoperative hormonal therapy solely to prevent surgical complications or facilitate surgery. After surgery for endometriosis, a CHC or 52mg levonorgestrel-releasing IUS is recommended as first-line treatment when pregnancy is not desired. In the event of failure of the initial treatment, recurrence, or multiorgan involvement, a multidisciplinary team meeting is recommended, involving physicians, surgeons and other professionals. A laparoscopic approach is recommended for surgical treatment of endometriosis. HRT can be offered to postmenopausal women who have undergone surgical treatment for endometriosis. Antigonadotrophic hormonal therapy is not recommended for patients with endometriosis and infertility to increase the chances of spontaneous pregnancy, including postoperatively. Fertility preservation options must be discussed with patients undergoing surgery for ovarian endometriomas.


Assuntos
Endometriose/tratamento farmacológico , Ginecologia , Obstetrícia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Sociedades Médicas , Endometriose/diagnóstico , Endometriose/cirurgia , Feminino , França , Ginecologia/normas , Humanos , Obstetrícia/normas , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto/normas , Sociedades Médicas/normas
17.
Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol ; 46(4): 419-426, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29500142

RESUMO

Our main objectives were to identify risk factors, methods for early diagnosis, and prevention of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIs), using a literature review. The main risk factors for OASIs are nulliparity, instrumental delivery, posterior presentation, median episiotomy, prolonged second phase of labor and fetal macrosomia. Asian origin, short ano-vulvar distance, ligamentous hyperlaxity, lack of expulsion control, non-visualization of the perineum or maneuvers for shoulder dystocia also appear to be risk factors. There is a risk of under-diagnosis of OASIs in the labor ward. Experience of the accoucheur is a protective factor. Secondary prevention is based on the training of birth professionals in recognition and repair of OASIs. Primary prevention of OASIs is based on training in the maneuvers of the second phase of labor; if possible, instrumental extractions should be avoided. Mediolateral episiotomy may have a preventive role in high-risk OASIs deliveries. A robust predictive model is still lacking to allow a selective use of episiotomy.


Assuntos
Canal Anal/lesões , Incontinência Fecal/etiologia , Parto Obstétrico/instrumentação , Parto Obstétrico/métodos , Distocia , Episiotomia/efeitos adversos , Episiotomia/métodos , Incontinência Fecal/epidemiologia , Incontinência Fecal/prevenção & controle , Feminino , Macrossomia Fetal/complicações , Humanos , Segunda Fase do Trabalho de Parto , Complicações do Trabalho de Parto , Paridade , Gravidez , Fatores de Risco , Ombro
18.
Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol ; 46(3): 373-375, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29503237

RESUMO

The management of endometriosis related infertility requires a global approach. In this context, the prescription of an anti-gonadotropic hormonal treatment does not increase the rate of non-ART (assisted reproductive technologies) pregnancies and it is not recommended. In case of endometriosis related infertility, the results of IVF management in terms of pregnancy and birth rates are not negatively affected by the existence of endometriosis. Controlled ovarian stimulation during IVF does not increase the risk of endometriosis associated symptoms worsening, nor accelerate the intrinsic progression of endometriosis and does not increase the rate of recurrence. However, in the context of IVF management for women with endometriosis, pre-treatment with GnRH agonist or with oestrogen/progestin contraception improve IVF outcomes. There is currently no evidence of a positive or negative effect of endometriosis surgery on IVF outcomes. Information on the possibilities of preserving fertility should be considered, especially before surgery.


Assuntos
Endometriose/complicações , Infertilidade Feminina/terapia , Técnicas de Reprodução Assistida , Feminino , Humanos , Infertilidade Feminina/etiologia
19.
Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol ; 46(3): 326-330, 2018 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29526793

RESUMO

The article presents French guidelines for surgical management of endometriosis. Surgical treatment is recommended for mild to moderate endometriosis, as it decreases pelvic painful complaints and increases the likelihood of postoperative conception in infertile patients (A). Surgery may be proposed in symptomatic patients with ovarian endometriomas which diameter exceeds 20mm. Cystectomy allows for better postoperative pregnancy rates when compared to ablation using bipolar current, as well as for lower recurrences rates when compared to ablation using bipolar current or CO2 laser. Ablation of ovarian endometriomas using bipolar current is not recommended (B). Surgery may be employed in patients with deep endometriosis infiltrating the colon and the rectum, with good impact on painful complaints and postoperative conception. In these patients, laparoscopic route increases the likelihood of postoperative spontaneous conception when compared to open route. When compared to conservative rectal procedures (shaving or disc excision), segmental colorectal resection increases the risk of postoperative stenosis, requiring additional endoscopic or surgical procedures. In large deep endometriosis infiltrating the rectum (>20mm length of bowel infiltration), conservative rectal procedures do not improve postoperative digestive function when compared to segmental resection. In patients with bowel anastomosis, placing anti-adhesion agents on contact with bowel suture is not recommended, due to higher risk of bowel fistula (C). Various other recommendations are proposed in the text, however, they are based on studies with low level of evidence.


Assuntos
Endometriose/cirurgia , Adulto , Doenças do Colo/etiologia , Doenças do Colo/cirurgia , Cistectomia , Endometriose/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Histerectomia , Laparoscopia , Doenças Retais/etiologia , Doenças Retais/cirurgia , Doenças Urológicas/etiologia , Doenças Urológicas/cirurgia
20.
Gynecol Obstet Fertil Senol ; 46(3): 223-230, 2018 03.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29548620

RESUMO

Based on the best evidence available, we have provided guidelines for clinical practice to target the nature of endometriosis as a disease, the consequences of its natural history on management, and the clinical and imaging evaluation of the disease according to the level of care (primary care, specialized or referral). The frequency of endometriosis is unknown in the general population; endometriosis requires management when it causes symptoms (pain, infertility) or when it affect the function of an organ. In the absence of symptom, there is no need for follow-up or screening of the disease. Endometriosis may be responsible for various pain symptoms such as severe dysmenorrhea, deep dyspareunia, painful bowel movements or low urinary tract signs increasing with menstruation, or infertility. A careful evaluation of the symptoms and their impact on the quality of life should be made. The first-line examinations for the diagnosis of endometriosis are: digital examination and pelvic ultrasound. The second-line examinations are: the pelvic exam by an expert clinician, the pelvic MRI and/or the transvaginal ultrasound by an expert. MRI and ultrasound carrying different and complementary information. Other examinations may be considered as part of the pre-therapeutic assessment of the disease in case of specialized care. Diagnostic laparoscopy may be suggested in case of clinical suspicion of endometriosis whereas preoperative examinations have not proved the disease, it must be part of a management plan of endometriosis-related pain or infertility. During management, it is recommended to give comprehensive information on the different therapeutic alternatives, the benefits and risks expected from each treatment, the risk of recurrence, fertility, especially before surgery. The information must be personalized and take into account the expectations and preferences of the patient, and accompanied by an information notice given to the patient.


Assuntos
Endometriose/diagnóstico , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Diagnóstico por Imagem , Dispareunia/etiologia , Endometriose/epidemiologia , Feminino , Exame Ginecológico , Humanos , Laparoscopia , Dor Pélvica/etiologia
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