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1.
Neurology ; 2021 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33795390

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To determine whether neuronal and neuroaxonal injury, neuroinflammation and synaptic dysfunction associate with clinical course and outcomes in antibody-mediated encephalitis (AME), we measured biomarkers of these processes in CSF from patients presenting with AME and cognitively normal individuals. METHODS: Biomarkers of neuronal (total-tau, VILIP-1) and neuroaxonal damage (neurofilament light chain [NfL]), inflammation (YKL-40) and synaptic function (neurogranin, SNAP-25) were measured in CSF obtained from 45 patients at the time of diagnosis of NMDA receptor (n=34) or LGI1/CASPR-2 (n=11) AME, and 39 age- and sex-similar cognitively normal individuals. The association between biomarkers and modified Rankin Scores were evaluated in a subset (n=20) of longitudinally followed patients. RESULTS: Biomarkers of neuroaxonal injury (NfL) and neuroinflammation (YKL-40) were elevated in AME cases at presentation, while markers of neuronal injury and synaptic function were stable (total-tau) or decreased (VILIP-1, SNAP-25, neurogranin). The log-transformed ratio of YKL-40/SNAP-25 optimally discriminated cases from cognitively normal individuals (AUC=0.99; 95%CI: 0.97, >0.99). Younger age (ρ=-0.56; p=0.01), lower VILIP-1 (ρ=-0.60; p<0.01) and SNAP-25 (ρ=-0.54; p=0.01), and higher log10(YKL-40/SNAP-25) [(ρ=0.48; p=0.04] associated with greater disease severity (higher modified Rankin Score) in prospectively followed patients. Higher YKL-40 (ρ=0.60; p=0.02) and neurogranin (ρ=0.55; p=0.03) at presentation were associated with higher modified Rankin Scores 12-months following hospital discharge. CONCLUSIONS: CSF biomarkers suggest that neuronal integrity is acutely maintained in AME patients, despite neuroaxonal compromise. Low-levels of biomarkers of synaptic function may reflect antibody-mediated internalization of cell-surface receptors, and may represent an acute correlate of antibody-mediated synaptic dysfunction, with the potential to inform disease severity and outcomes.

2.
J Toxicol Environ Health A ; 84(11): 475-483, 2021 Jun 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33678145

RESUMO

Asbestos exposure is associated with many adverse health conditions including malignant mesothelioma and lung cancer as well as production of autoantibodies. Autoantibodies may serve as biomarkers for asbestos exposure in patients with cancer, and autoimmune dysfunction has been linked to increased rates of various cancers. The aim of this study was to examine the hypothesis that autoantibodies are more frequent in asbestos-exposed individuals with either lung cancer or mesothelioma than those without these conditions. Asbestos-exposed individuals from Western Australia who had lung cancer (n = 24), malignant mesothelioma (n = 24), or no malignancy (n = 51) were tested for antinuclear autoantibodies (ANA) using indirect immunofluorescence and specific extractable nuclear autoantibodies (ENA) employing a multiplexed addressable laser bead immunoassay. Contrary to the hypothesis, data demonstrated that individuals without malignancy were more likely to be positive for ANA compared to those with cancer. However, autoantibodies to histone and Ro-60 were found to be associated with lung cancer. These results support a possible predictive value for specific autoantibodies in the early detection of lung cancer and/or in our understanding of the role of autoimmune processes in cancer. However, further studies are needed to identify specific target antigens for the antibodies.

3.
Expert Rev Clin Immunol ; : 1-13, 2021 Apr 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33750254

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Although demographic and clinical parameters such as sex, age, comorbidities, genetic background and various biomarkers have been identified as risk factors, there is an unmet need to predict the risk and onset of severe inflammatory disease leading to poor clinical outcomes. In addition, very few mechanistic biomarkers are available to inform targeted treatment of severe (auto)-inflammatory conditions associated with COVID-19. Calprotectin, also known as S100A8/S100A9, MRP8/14 (Myeloid-Related Protein) or L1, is a heterodimer involved in neutrophil-related inflammatory processes. In COVID-19 patients, calprotectin levels were reported to be associated with poor clinical outcomes such as significantly reduced survival time, especially in patients with severe pulmonary disease. AREAS COVERED: Pubmed was searched using the following keywords: Calprotectin + COVID19, S100A8/A9 + COVID19, S100A8 + COVID-19, S100A9 + COVID-19, MRP8/14 + COVID19; L1 + COVID-19 between May 2020 and 8 March 2021. The results summarized in this review provide supporting evidence and propose future directions that define calprotectin as an important biomarker in COVID-19. EXPERT OPINION: Calprotectin represents a promising serological biomarker for the risk assessment of COVID-19 patients.

5.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2021 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33538122

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Co-occurrence of autoantibodies specific for ≥1 autoimmune disease is widely prevalent in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. To understand the prevalence of polyautoimmunity in preclinical RA, we performed a comprehensive autoantibody assessment in a First Nations cohort of at-risk first-degree relatives (FDR) of RA patients, a subset of whom subsequently developed RA (progressors). METHODS: Venous blood was collected from all study participants (n = 50 RA patients and 64 FDR) at scheduled visits, and serum was stored at -20°C. High-sensitivity C-reactive protein level, anti-citrullinated protein antibody (ACPA) status, and autoantibody status were determined using commercially available enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. Rheumatoid factor (RF) was detected by nephelometry. Antinuclear autoantibodies (ANA) were identified using Hep-2 indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) and classified according to international consensus nomenclature as various anti-cell (AC) patterns. RESULTS: Of our study cohort, 78.9% had positive ANA reactivity (≥1:80), which was either a homogenous, fine-speckled (AC-1 and AC-4) or mixed IFA pattern. Importantly, the AC-4 and mixed ANA patterns were also observed in progressors at the time of disease onset. While all of the RA patients showed a high prevalence of arthritis-associated autoantibodies, they also had a high prevalence of extractable nuclear antigen-positive autoantibodies to other autoantigens. In FDR, we did not observe any increase in serum autoreactivity to nonarthritis autoantigens, either cross-sectionally or in samples collected longitudinally from progressors prior to RA onset. CONCLUSION: While alternative autoimmunity and ANA positivity are widely prevalent in First Nations populations, including asymptomatic, seronegative FDR, expansion of alternative autoimmunity does not occur in parallel with ACPA expansion in FDR and is restricted to patients with established RA.

6.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 51(1): 318-323, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33461050

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Although trigeminal neuralgia (TN) has been associated with systemic sclerosis (SSc), there is a paucity of evidence and pathophysiological processes remain unknown. We undertook a nested case-control study to identify associations between TN and SSc in a large multi-centered cohort and identify possible pathophysiological links. METHODS: Data were derived from a longitudinal cohort of 1652 SSc subjects. Cases with a physician-reported diagnosis of TN were identified at baseline visit (prevalent) and during follow-up (incident). Each case was matched on study visit to four SSc patients without TN. Sociodemographic, clinical and serological characteristics of cases and controls were compared. RESULTS: At enrolment, 43/1652 (2.6%) subjects had a history of TN. During follow-up, an additional 36 subjects developed TN over 6193 person-years of observation (incidence rate 5.8 per 1000 person-years). Cases were identified and matched to 172 and 144 controls, respectively. Compared to controls, prevalent cases had more inflammatory myositis (24.4% versus 5.2%, p<0.001) and inflammatory arthritis (46.5% versus 30.2%, p = 0.043). Incident cases also had more inflammatory myositis (19.4% versus. 6.3%, p = 0.033) and inflammatory arthritis (50.0% versus. 16.2%, p<0.001) compared to controls. There was a trend towards more interstitial lung disease in prevalent (32.6% versus 23.8%, p = 0.241) and incident (55.6% versus 40.6%, p = 0.105) cases compared to controls. CONCLUSION: This study provides novel evidence for a clinical association linking TN, inflammatory myositis, inflammatory arthritis and possibly interstitial lung disease. In addition to ischemia, we propose that TN in SSc could also be a consequence of inflammatory and possibly fibrotic processes.

8.
RMD Open ; 6(2)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32892170

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe systemic sclerosis (SSc) with myopathy in patients without classic SSc-specific and SSc-overlap autoantibodies (aAbs), referred to as seronegative scleromyositis. METHODS: Twenty patients with seronegative scleromyositis diagnosed by expert opinion were analysed retrospectively for SSc features at myositis diagnosis and follow-up, and stratified based on HEp-2 nuclear patterns by indirect immunofluorescence (IIF) according to International Consensus of Autoantibody Patterns. Specificities were analysed by protein A-assisted immunoprecipitation. Myopathy was considered an organ involvement of SSc. RESULTS: SSc sine scleroderma was a frequent presentation (45%) at myositis diagnosis. Myositis was the most common first non-Raynaud manifestation of SSc (55%). Lower oesophagal dysmotility was present in 10 of 11 (91%) investigated patients. At follow-up, 80% of the patients met the American College of Rheumatology/EULAR SSc classification criteria. Two-thirds of patients had a positive HEp-2 IIF nuclear pattern (all with titers ≥1/320), defining three novel scleromyositis subsets. First, antinuclear antibody (ANA)-negative scleromyositis was associated with interstitial lung disease (ILD) and renal crisis. Second, a speckled pattern uncovered multiple rare SSc-specific aAbs. Third, the nuclear dots pattern was associated with aAbs to survival of motor neuron (SMN) complex and a novel scleromyositis subset characteriszed by calcinosis but infrequent ILD and renal crisis. CONCLUSIONS: SSc skin involvement is often absent in early seronegative scleromyositis. ANA positivity, Raynaud phenomenon, SSc-type capillaroscopy and/or lower oesophagal dysmotility may be clues for scleromyositis. Using HEp-2 IIF patterns, three novel clinicoserological subsets of scleromyositis emerged, notably (1) ANA-negative, (2) ANA-positive with a speckled pattern and (3) ANA-positive with nuclear dots and anti-SMN aAbs.

9.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 2020 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32776893

RESUMO

Objectives Reference materials are important in the standardization of autoantibody testing and only a few are freely available for many known autoantibodies. Our goal was to develop three reference materials for antibodies to PML bodies/multiple nuclear dots (MND), antibodies to GW bodies (GWB), and antibodies to the nuclear mitotic apparatus (NuMA). Methods Reference materials for identifying autoantibodies to MND (MND-REF), GWB (GWB-REF), and NuMA (NuMA-REF) were obtained from three donors and validated independently by seven laboratories. The sera were characterized using indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) on HEp-2 cell substrates including two-color immunofluorescence using antigen-specific markers, western blot (WB), immunoprecipitation (IP), line immunoassay (LIA), addressable laser bead immunoassay (ALBIA), enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), and immunoprecipitation-mass spectrometry (IP-MS). Results MND-REF stained 6-20 discrete nuclear dots that colocalized with PML bodies. Antibodies to Sp100 and PML were detected by LIA and antibodies to Sp100 were also detected by ELISA. GWB-REF stained discrete cytoplasmic dots in interphase cells, which were confirmed to be GWB using two-color immunofluorescence. Anti-Ge-1 antibodies were identified in GWB-REF by ALBIA, IP, and IP-MS. All reference materials produced patterns at dilutions of 1:160 or greater. NuMA-REF produced fine speckled nuclear staining in interphase cells and staining of spindle fibers and spindle poles. The presence of antibodies to NuMA was verified by IP, WB, ALBIA, and IP-MS. Conclusions MND-REF, GWB-REF, and NuMA-REF are suitable reference materials for the corresponding antinuclear antibodies staining patterns and will be accessible to qualified laboratories.

10.
Environ Health ; 19(1): 86, 2020 07 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32727483

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Studies of associations between industrial air emissions and rheumatic diseases, or diseases-related serological biomarkers, are few. Moreover, previous evaluations typically studied individual (not mixed) emissions. We investigated associations between individual and combined exposures to industrial sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen dioxide (NO2), and fine particles matter (PM2.5) on anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA), a characteristic biomarker for rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: Serum ACPA was determined for 7600 randomly selected CARTaGENE general population subjects in Quebec, Canada. Industrial SO2, NO2, and PM2.5 concentrations, estimated by the California Puff (CALPUFF) atmospheric dispersion model, were assigned based on residential postal codes at the time of sera collection. Single-exposure logistic regressions were performed for ACPA positivity defined by 20 U/ml, 40 U/ml, and 60 U/ml thresholds, adjusting for age, sex, French Canadian origin, smoking, and family income. Associations between regional overall PM2.5 exposure and ACPA positivity were also investigated. The associations between the combined three industrial exposures and the ACPA positivity were assessed by weighted quantile sum (WQS) regressions. RESULTS: Significant associations between individual industrial exposures and ACPA positivity defined by the 20 U/ml threshold were seen with single-exposure logistic regression models, for industrial emissions of PM2.5 (odds ratio, OR = 1.19, 95% confidence intervals, CI: 1.04-1.36) and SO2 (OR = 1.03, 95% CI: 1.00-1.06), without clear associations for NO2 (OR = 1.01, 95% CI: 0.86-1.17). Similar findings were seen for the 40 U/ml threshold, although at 60 U/ml, the results were very imprecise. The WQS model demonstrated a positive relationship between combined industrial exposures and ACPA positivity (OR = 1.36, 95% CI: 1.10-1.69 at 20 U/ml) and suggested that industrial PM2.5 may have a closer association with ACPA positivity than the other exposures. Again, similar findings were seen with the 40 U/ml threshold, though 60 U/ml results were imprecise. No clear association between ACPA and regional overall PM2.5 exposure was seen. CONCLUSIONS: We noted positive associations between ACPA and industrial emissions of PM2.5 and SO2. Industrial PM2.5 exposure may play a particularly important role in this regard.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Anti-Proteína Citrulinada/metabolismo , Exposição Ambiental/efeitos adversos , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/efeitos adversos , Material Particulado/efeitos adversos , Dióxido de Enxofre/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos Teóricos , Quebeque , Análise de Regressão
11.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(9): 102618, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32663621

RESUMO

This document follows up on a 2017 revised international consensus on anti-neutrophil cytoplasm antibodies (ANCA) testing in granulomatosis with polyangiitis and microscopic polyangiitis and focuses on the clinical and diagnostic value of ANCA detection in patients with connective tissue diseases, idiopathic interstitial pneumonia, autoimmune liver diseases, inflammatory bowel diseases, anti-glomerular basement membrane (GBM) disease, infections, malignancy, and during drug treatment. Current evidence suggests that in certain settings beyond systemic vasculitis, ANCA may have clinical, pathogenic and/or diagnostic relevance. Antigen-specific ANCA targeting proteinase-3 and myeloperoxidase should be tested by solid phase immunoassays in any patient with clinical features suggesting ANCA-associated vasculitis and in all patients with anti-GBM disease, idiopathic interstitial pneumonia, and infective endocarditis associated with nephritis, whereas in patients with other aforementioned disorders routine ANCA testing is not recommended. Among patients with autoimmune liver diseases or inflammatory bowel diseases, ANCA testing may be justified in patients with suspected autoimmune hepatitis type 1 who do not have conventional autoantibodies or in case of diagnostic uncertainty to discriminate ulcerative colitis from Crohn's disease. In these cases, ANCA should be tested by indirect immunofluorescence as the target antigens are not yet well characterized. Many questions concerning the optimal use of ANCA testing in patients without ANCA-associated vasculitis remain to be answered.


Assuntos
Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos , Anticorpos Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/análise , Consenso , Granulomatose com Poliangiite/imunologia , Hepatite Autoimune/imunologia , Vasculite Associada a Anticorpo Anticitoplasma de Neutrófilos/imunologia , Humanos , Mieloblastina/imunologia , Peroxidase/imunologia
12.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(8): 102583, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32553611

RESUMO

Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare chronic disease of unknown etiology characterized by vascular abnormalities and fibrosis involving the skin and internal organs, especially the gastrointestinal tract, lung, heart and kidneys. Although the disease was historically stratified according to the extent of skin involvement, more recent approaches place more emphasis on patterns and extent of internal organ involvement. Despite numerous clinical trials, disease-modifying treatment options are still limited resulting in persistent poor quality of life and high mortality. This review provides an overview of autoantibodies in SSc and novel approaches to stratify the disease into clinically actionable subsets.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos , Escleroderma Sistêmico , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Humanos , Qualidade de Vida , Escleroderma Sistêmico/imunologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/patologia , Escleroderma Sistêmico/terapia
13.
Clin Chem Lab Med ; 58(9): 1489-1497, 2020 Aug 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32271157

RESUMO

Background: The indirect immunofluorescence assay (IFA) using HEp-2 cell substrates is the preferred method by some for detecting antinuclear antibodies (ANA) as it demonstrates a number of characteristic staining patterns that reflect the cellular components bound as well as semi-quantitative results. Lack of harmonized nomenclature for HEp-2 IFA patterns, subjectivity in interpretation and variability in the number of patterns reported by different laboratories pose significant harmonization challenges. The main objectives of this study were to assess current practice in laboratory assessment of HEp-2 IFA, identify gaps and define strategies to improve reading, interpretation and reporting. Methods: We developed and administered a 24-item survey based on four domains: educational and professional background of participants, current practice of HEp-2 IFA testing and training, gap assessment and the perceived value of International Consensus on Antinuclear Antibody Patterns (ICAP) and other factors in HEp-2 IFA assessment. The Association of Medical Laboratory Immunologists (AMLI) and American Society for Clinical Pathology administered the survey from April 1 to June 30, 2018, to members involved in ANA testing. This report summarizes the survey results and discussion from a dry workshop held during the 2019 AMLI annual meeting. Results: One hundred and seventy-nine (n = 179) responses were obtained where a significant number were clinical laboratory scientists (46%), laboratory directors (24%), supervisors (13%) or others (17%). A majority of respondents agreed on the need to standardize nomenclature and reporting of HEp-2 IFA results. About 55% were aware of the ICAP initiative; however, among those aware, a significant majority thought its guidance on HEp-2 IFA nomenclature and reporting is of value to clinical laboratories. To improve ICAP awareness and further enhance HEp-2 IFA assessment, increased collaboration between ICAP and the clinical laboratory community was suggested with emphasis on education and availability of reference materials. Conclusions: Based on these suggestions, future efforts to optimize HEp-2 IFA reading, interpretation and reporting would benefit from more hands-on training of laboratory personnel as well as continuous collaboration between professional organizations, in vitro diagnostic manufacturers and clinical laboratories.

14.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(5): 102508, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32173518

RESUMO

The past decade has witnessed a significant paradigm shift in the clinical approach to autoimmune diseases, lead primarily by initiatives in precision medicine, precision health and precision public health initiatives. An understanding and pragmatic implementation of these approaches require an understanding of the drivers, gaps and limitations of precision medicine. Gaining the trust of the public and patients is paramount but understanding that technologies such as artificial intelligences and machine learning still require context that can only be provided by human input or what is called augmented machine learning. The role of genomics, the microbiome and proteomics, such as autoantibody testing, requires continuing refinement through research and pragmatic approaches to their use in applied precision medicine.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes , Medicina de Precisão , Autoanticorpos/análise , Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Doenças Autoimunes/genética , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Doenças Autoimunes/metabolismo , Genômica , Humanos , Aprendizado de Máquina , Proteômica
15.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Feb 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32084069

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Dermatomyositis (DM) and polymyositis (PM) are forms of idiopathic inflammatory myopathies (IIMs), which are associated with the production of autoantibodies that are useful in the diagnosis and prognosis of the disease. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine the frequency of antinuclear autoantibodies (ANAs), myositis-specific autoantibodies (MSAs), and myositis-associated autoantibodies (MAAs) in 6 Latin American countries. METHODS: Two hundred ten patients with IIM were included in this cross-sectional study from 2014 to 2017: 112 from Mexico, 46 from Colombia, 20 from Peru, 16 from the Dominican Republic, 10 from Argentina, and 6 from Guatemala. Antinuclear autoantibodies were detected by indirect immunofluorescence on HEp-2 cells. MSAs and MAAs were tested by a line immunoassay method. Mann-Whitney U and χ tests were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: Of the 210 IIM patients, 139 (66.2%) had DM, 59 (28%) PM, and 12 (5.7%) juvenile DM. The mean age was 43.5 (6-79 years); 158 (75.2%) were female, and 52 (24.8%) were male. The overall frequency of ANA was 60%. The most frequent patterns were fine speckled (AC-4) (78.3%) and cytoplasmic (AC-19) (6.45%). The most frequent MSA were anti-Mi-2 (38.5%) and anti-Jo-1 (11.9%). Anti-Mi-2 was more frequent in patients from Colombia (40.1%). The MAA more frequent were anti-Ro-52/TRIM21 (17.6%) and anti-PM-Scl75 (7.5%). CONCLUSIONS: This is the first study of ANA, MSA, and MAA in patients from 6 countries from the Panamerican League against Rheumatism myositis study group. We observed a general prevalence of 60% of ANA. In relation to MSA and MAA, anti-Mi-2 was the more frequent (38.5%).

17.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 5, 2020 01 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31915059

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To describe successful therapeutic strategies in statin-induced anti-HMGCR myopathy. METHODS: Retrospective data from a cohort of 55 patients with statin-induced anti-HMGCR myopathy, sequentially stratified by the presence of proximal weakness, early remission, and corticosteroid and IVIG use at treatment induction, were analyzed for optimal successful induction and maintenance of remission strategies. RESULTS: A total of 14 patients achieved remission with a corticosteroid-free induction strategy (25%). In 41 patients treated with corticosteroids, only 4 patients (10%) failed an initial triple steroid/IVIG/steroid-sparing immunosuppressant (SSI) induction strategy. Delay in treatment initiation was independently associated with lower odds of successful maintenance with immunosuppressant monotherapy (OR 0.92, 95% CI 0.85 to 0.97, P = 0.015). While 22 patients (40%) presented with normal strength, only 9 had normal strength at initiation of treatment. CONCLUSION: While corticosteroid-free treatment of anti-HMGCR myopathy is now a safe option in selected cases, initial triple steroid/IVIG/SSI was very efficacious in induction. Delays in treatment initiation and, as a corollary, delays in achieving remission decrease the odds of achieving successful maintenance with an SSI alone. Avoiding such delays, most notably in patients with normal strength, may reset the natural history of anti-HMGCR myopathy from a refractory entity to a treatable disease.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/induzido quimicamente , Inibidores de Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/efeitos adversos , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Miosite/induzido quimicamente , Miosite/etiologia , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Autoimunes/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Hidroximetilglutaril-CoA Redutases/imunologia , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia de Indução/métodos , Quimioterapia de Manutenção/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miosite/imunologia , Estudos Retrospectivos
18.
Environ Int ; 136: 105472, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31991236

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Air pollution has many adverse health effects, but the combined or synergistic effects of multiple ambient air pollutants on anti-nuclear antibodies (ANA, a serologic marker of systemic autoimmune rheumatic disease, SARDs) have never been assessed. OBJECTIVE: To flexibly model ANA and individual and joint associations of long-term exposures to nitrogen dioxide (NO2), ozone (O3), and fine particles matter (PM2.5) using a Bayesian Kernel machine regression (BKMR) approach and to compare the results to those from individual logistic regressions. METHODS: Serum ANA positivity was determined for randomly selected CARTaGENE general population subjects in Quebec, Canada. CARTaGENE is a public research platform created for investigating the associations of environmental, genomic, and lifestyle factors on chronic diseases. Ambient NO2, O3, and PM2.5 estimates, derived from ground-measurement and chemical-transport-model simulated concentrations, were assigned to subjects based on residential postal codes at the time of blood collection. Our models adjusted for age, sex, French Canadian origin, smoking, and family income. RESULTS: Concentrations of NO2, O3, and PM2.5 were closely correlated in space. In the 5485 CARTaGENE subjects studied, we did not see clear associations between NO2, PM2.5 or O3 and ANA positivity, with either the BKMR or logistic models. CONCLUSIONS: BKMR did not uncover associations between ANA positivity and individual levels or combined exposures of NO2, O3, and PM2.5; neither did simpler logistic models. Additional studies (in younger populations, in distinct race/ethnicity groups, and/or in jurisdictions with high air pollution levels) would be helpful to reinforce current findings.


Assuntos
Poluentes Atmosféricos , Poluição do Ar , Anticorpos Antinucleares , Dióxido de Nitrogênio , Ozônio , Poluentes Atmosféricos/toxicidade , Teorema de Bayes , Canadá , Exposição Ambiental , Humanos , Dióxido de Nitrogênio/toxicidade , Ozônio/toxicidade , Material Particulado , Quebeque
19.
Autoimmun Rev ; 19(3): 102463, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31927088

RESUMO

The discovery of autoantibodies to ribosomal proteins (anti-RibP) dates back more than fifty years when antibodies to ribosomes were identified in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) sera. Over the years, anti-RibP autoantibodies have been the subject of extensive study and became known as a highly specific biomarker for the diagnosis of SLE and were associated with neuropsychiatric SLE (NPSLE), lupus nephritis (LN) and hepatitis (LH). As demonstrated by studies on cultured human cells and of murine models, there is evidence to suggest that anti-RibP may have a pathogenic role in LN and NPSLE. Despite a wealth of evidence, in comparison to other SLE autoantibodies such as anti-Sm and anti-dsDNA, anti-RibP has not been included in classification criteria for SLE. A significant challenge is the variability of assays used to detect anti-RibP, including the antigens and diagnostic platforms employed. This may account for the marked variation in frequencies (10-47%) in SLE and its association with clinical and demographic features reported in SLE cohorts. We performed a systematic literature review and meta-analysis to help clarify its prevalence, various clinical and serological associations in SLE based on the different RibP antigens and assay platforms used.


Assuntos
Autoanticorpos/imunologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/imunologia , Proteínas Ribossômicas/imunologia , Animais , Humanos , Nefrite Lúpica , Vasculite Associada ao Lúpus do Sistema Nervoso Central , Camundongos
20.
Arthritis Care Res (Hoboken) ; 72(12): 1809-1819, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628718

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Screening for cognitive impairment in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) conventionally relies on the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) neuropsychologic battery (NB), which is not universally available. To develop a more accessible screening approach, we assessed validity of the Automated Neuropsychological Assessment Metrics (ANAM). Using the ACR NB as the gold standard for cognitive impairment classification, the objectives were 1) to measure overall discriminative validity of the ANAM for cognitive impairment versus no cognitive impairment, 2) to identify ANAM subtests and scores that best differentiate patients with cognitive impairment from those with no cognitive impairment, and 3) to derive ANAM composite indices and cutoffs. METHODS: A total of 211 consecutive adult patients, female and male, with SLE were administered the ANAM and ACR NB. 1) For overall discriminative validity of the ANAM, we compared patients with cognitive impairment versus those with no cognitive impairment on 4 scores. 2) Six ANAM models using different scores were developed, and the most discriminatory subtests were selected using logistic regression analyses. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve (AUC) was calculated to establish ANAM validity against the ACR NB. 3) ANAM composite indices and cutoffs were derived for the best models, and sensitivities and specificities were calculated. RESULTS: Patients with no cognitive impairment performed better on most ANAM subtests, supporting ANAM's discriminative validity. Cognitive impairment could be accurately identified by selected ANAM subtests with top models, demonstrating excellent AUCs of 81% and 84%. Derived composite indices and cutoffs demonstrated sensitivity of 78-80% and specificity of 70%. CONCLUSION: This study provides support for ANAM's discriminative validity for cognitive impairment and utility for cognitive screening in adult SLE. Derived composite indices and cutoffs enhance clinical applicability.

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