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1.
Ann Thorac Surg ; 90(3): 979-85, 2010 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20732527

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Wire cerclage closure of sternotomy is the standard of care despite evidence of pathologic sternal displacement (> 2 mm) during physiologic distracting forces (coughing). Postoperative functional recovery, respiration, pain, sternal dehiscence, and infection are influenced by early bone stability. This translational research report provides proof-of-concept (part A) and first-in-man clinical data (part B) with use of a triglyceride-based porous adhesive to rapidly enhance the stability of conventional sternal closure. METHODS: In part A, fresh human cadaver blocks were subjected to midline sternotomy and either conventional wire closure or modified adhesive closure. After 24 hours at 37 degrees C, using a biomechanical test apparatus, a step-wise increase in lateral distracting force simulated physiologic stress. Sternal displacement was measured by microdisplacement sensors. In part B, a selected clinical case series was performed and sternal perfusion assessed by serial single photon emission computed tomography imaging. RESULTS: Wire closure resulted in measurable bony displacement with increasing load. Pathologic displacement (> or = 2 mm) was observed in all regional segments at loads 400 newton (N) or greater. In contrast, adhesive closure completely eliminated pathologic displacement at forces 600 N or less (p < 0.001). In patients, adhesive closure was not associated with adverse events such as adhesive migration, embolization, or infection. There was excellent qualitative correlation between cadaver and clinical computed tomographic images. Sternal perfusion was not compromised by adhesive closure. CONCLUSIONS: This first-in-man series provides proof-of-concept indicating that a novel biologic bone adhesive is capable of rapid sternal fixation and complete elimination of pathologic sternal displacement under physiologic loading conditions. A randomized clinical trial is warranted to further define the potential risks and benefits of this innovative technique.


Assuntos
Cimentos Ósseos , Fios Ortopédicos , Óleo de Rícino , Polímeros , Esterno/cirurgia , Cadáver , Humanos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/prevenção & controle , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Torácicos/métodos
2.
Pediatr Hematol Oncol ; 27(3): 212-27, 2010 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20367265

RESUMO

Interference with the molecular mechanisms that generate tumor supportive niches in the bone microenvironment is a rational approach to inhibit the growth of hematological malignancies. However, the advancement of knowledge in this area has been slowed down by the lack of in vitro models to facilitate the screening of potential candidate agents. The rare cases of acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) in children presenting with extensive bone involvement may represent an exaggerated form of some aspects of the normal tumor-bone interactions. Thus, these cases can provide insight into processes that are otherwise challenging to uncover. The authors describe the case of a 6-year-old child who presented with severe osteopenia that resolved at the time of leukemic remission. Compared to control sera, serum taken at disease presentation contained increased levels of a group of osteolytic cytokines and was effective in activating preosteoclast cells in culture. Based on these findings, the authors describe an experimental model to identify agents that would interfere with leukemia mediated osteolytic process.


Assuntos
Doenças Ósseas Metabólicas/etiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/complicações , Pré-Escolar , Citocinas/sangue , Receptores ErbB/antagonistas & inibidores , Humanos , Masculino , Osteoclastos/fisiologia , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/sangue , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/tratamento farmacológico
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