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1.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 42(8): 1498-1503, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34814574

RESUMO

Objective: To understand the current status of foreign dual-degree programs of Medical Doctor (MD) and Master of Public Health (MPH) and provide evidence-based decision-making reference for promoting the education of high-level applied public health talents in China. Methods: The list of involved institutions and information of foreign MD-MPH dual-degree programs was collected through literature retrieval, online information searching, and additional survey of key figures. We extracted the details of each project regarding professional fields, core competence, length of schooling, teaching and learning arrangement, internship eligibility, and graduation assessment. Python 3.8.0 was used for data cleaning, and the occurrence frequency of related items in each dimension was calculated. Results: A total of 99 MD-MPH programs from 104 foreign institutions were included, among which 97.1% of them were implemented in universities from the United States. The School of Public Health provided 42.4% (42/99) of the programs. Epidemiology was the major discipline set up among most programs, accounting for 12.0% (29/241) of all the specialties involved. Epidemiological research methods, health policy management and practice, and public health practice were the top 3 core competencies to be mastered. Of the 99 programs, 87 gave information on the length of the program, of which 74.7% (65/87) were five years, 6.9% (6/87) were four years, and 18.4% (16/87) included both 4-year and 5-year programs. Conclusions: The international MD-MPH programs were sophisticated and mainly organized by the School of Public Health alone or in conjunction with the School of Medicine. Epidemiology is the core course and competence objective, with a length of 4-5 years. Through learning experience from international MD-MPH programs and the Chinese unique medical development background, China should optimize its medical education system to develop a suitable talent training strategy for MD-MPH dual-degree programs in the new era.


Assuntos
Educação Médica , Internato e Residência , Médicos , China , Currículo , Humanos , Saúde Pública , Estados Unidos
2.
Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 55(11): 1275-1279, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34749468

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the distribution characteristics and trends of mortality and spatial aggregation of gastric cancer in Shandong Province from 1970 to 2013. Methods: The mortality data of gastric cancer from 1970 to 1974, 1990 to 1992 and 2004 to 2005 were collected from the first, second and third retrospective sampling survey of causes of death in Shandong Province, respectively. The mortality data of gastric cancer from 2011 to 2013 were collected from the all-cause surveillance data of Shandong Province. The crude mortality rate and age-standardized mortality rate were used to describe the death level of gastric cancer. The age-standardized mortality rate of Shandong Province was calculated based on Segi's world standard population, and the age-standardized mortality rate of counties (cities and districts) was calculated based on the Chinese population in 1964.The factors influencing the difference of gastric cancer mortality in different periods were decomposed by using the method of differential decomposition of mortality, and the contributions of population and non-population factors in different periods were estimated.Using ArcGIS 10.2 software, the death level of gastric cancer in different counties (cities and districts) in Shandong province from 1970 to 1974 and 2011 to 2013 were visualized. DeoDa 1.12 software was used for global and local spatial autocorrelation analysis. Results: The crude death rate and age-standardized death rate of gastric cancer in Shandong province increased firstly and then decreased during 1970-2013, and the crude death rate of gastric cancer increased from 18.33/100 000 in 1970-1974 to 28.51/100 000 in 2011-2013. Segi's age-standardized mortality rate for gastric cancer decreased from 20.94 per 100 000 in 1970-1974 to 18.17 per 100 000 in 2011-2013.From 1990 to 1992, from 2004 to 2005 and from 2011 to 2013, the contribution value of non-population factors to the increase of crude gc mortality was 95.59%, 48.45% and -20.57%, respectively, showing a continuous downward trend. The Moran's I index of crude mortality of gastric cancer in Shandong province from 1970 to 1974 and from 2011 to 2013 were 0.77 and 0.57, respectively, and the Moran's I index of age-normalized mortality was 0.75 and 0.44, respectively. Local autocorrelation analysis showed that there were 31 and 19 high aged-mortality areas of gastric cancer in 1970-1974 and 2011-2013 respectively, and 7 overlapping counties (cities and districts), 6 of which were located in Jiaodong area. Conclusion: The crude mortality and age-standardized mortality of gastric cancer in Shandong province increased first and then decreased from 1970 to 2013, and the distribution of gastric cancer mortality had obvious spatial aggregation and changed with time.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Idoso , China/epidemiologia , Cidades , Análise por Conglomerados , Humanos , Incidência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Análise Espacial
3.
Zhonghua Shao Shang Za Zhi ; 37(10): 929-936, 2021 Oct 20.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34689462

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the fluid resuscitation strategy in shock stage in severely burned children with different burn areas in different age groups, and to evaluate the curative effect. Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted. From January 2015 to June 2020, 235 children with severe and above burns who met the inclusion criteria were hospitalized in the First Affiliated Hospital of Nanchang University, including 150 males and 85 females, aged 3 months to 12 years. After admission, it was planned to rehydrate the children with electrolyte, colloid, and water according to the domestic rehydration formula for pediatric burn shock, and the rehydration volume and speed were adjusted according to the children's mental state, peripheral circulation, heart rate, blood pressure, and urine output, etc. The actual input volume and planned input volume of electrolyte, colloid, water, and total fluid of all the children were recorded during the 8 hours since fluid replacement and the first and second 24 hours after injury. According to urine output during the 8 hours since fluid replacement, all the children were divided into satisfactory urine output maintenance group (119 cases) with urine output ≥1 mL·kg-1·h-1 and unsatisfactory urine output maintenance group (116 cases) with urine output <1 mL·kg-1·h-1, and the electrolyte coefficient, colloid coefficient, and water coefficient of the children were calculated during the 8 hours since fluid replacement. According to the total burn area, children aged <3 years (155 cases) and 3-12 years (80 cases) were divided into 15%-25% total body surface area (TBSA) group and >25%TBSA group, respectively. The electrolyte coefficient, colloid coefficient, water coefficient, and urine output of the children were calculated or counted during the first and second 24 hours after injury, and the non-invasive monitoring indicators of body temperature, heart rate, respiratory rate, and percutaneous arterial oxygen saturation and efficacy indicators of hematocrit, platelet count, hemoglobin, albumin, creatinine, and alanine aminotransferase (ALT) of the children were recorded 48 hours after injury. The prognosis and outcome indicators of all the children during the treatment were counted, including complications, cure, improvement and discharge, automatic discharge, and death. Data were statistically analyzed with independent sample or paired sample t test, Mann-Whitney U test, chi-square test, and Fisher's exact probability test. Results: During the 8 hours since fluid replacement, the actual input volume of electrolyte of all the children was significantly more than the planned input volume, and the actual input volumes of colloid, water, and total fluid were significantly less than the planned input volumes (Z=13.094, 5.096, 13.256, 7.742, P<0.01). During the first and second 24 hours after injury, the actual input volumes of electrolyte of all the children were significantly more than the planned input volumes, and the actual input volumes of water and total fluid were significantly less than the planned input volumes (Z=13.288, -13.252, 3.867, 13.183, -13.191, 10.091, P<0.01), while the actual input volumes of colloid were close to the planned input volumes (P>0.05). During the 8 hours since fluid replacement, compared with those in unsatisfactory urine output maintenance group, there was no significant change in electrolyte coefficient or colloid coefficient of children in satisfactory urine output maintenance group (P>0.05), while the water coefficient was significantly increased (Z=2.574, P<0.05). Among children <3 years old, compared with those in >25%TBSA group, the electrolyte coefficient and water coefficient of children were significantly increased and the urine output of children was significantly decreased in 15%-25%TBSA group during the first and second 24 hours after injury (Z=-3.867, -6.993, -3.417, -5.396, -5.062, 1.503, P<0.05 or P<0.01), while the colloid coefficient did not change significantly (P>0.05); the levels of efficacy indicators of hematocrit, platelet count, and hemoglobin at 48 h after injury were significantly increased, while ALT level was significantly decreased (Z=-2.720, -3.099, -2.063, -2.481, P<0.05 or P<0.01); the levels of the rest of the efficacy indicators and non-invasive monitoring indicators at 48 h after injury did not change significantly (P>0.05). Among children aged 3-12 years, compared with those in >25%TBSA group, the electrolyte coefficient and water coefficient of children in 15%-25%TBSA group were significantly increased during the first and second 24 hours after injury, the colloid coefficient during the second 24 h was significantly decreased (Z=-2.042, -4.884, -2.297, -3.448, -2.480, P<0.05 or P<0.01), while the colloid coefficient during the first 24 hours after injury, urine output during the first and second 24 hours after injury, and the non-invasive monitoring indicators and efficacy indicators at 48 hours after injury did not change significantly (P>0.05). Complications occurred in 17 children during the treatment. Among the 235 children, 211 cases were cured, accounting for 89.79%, 5 cases were improved and discharged, accounting for 2.13%, 16 cases were discharged automatically, accounting for 6.81%, and 3 cases died, accounting for 1.28%. Conclusions: The electrolyte volume in early fluid resuscitation in severely burned children exceeding the volume calculated by the formula can obtain a good therapeutic effect. Among children <3 years old, the volume of fluid resuscitation should be appropriately increased in children with extremely severe burns compared with children with severe burns during fluid resuscitation; among children aged 3-12 years, the colloid volume should be appropriately increased in children with extremely severe burns compared with children with severe burns during fluid resuscitation; non-invasive monitoring indicators can be used to monitor hemodynamics and guide fluid resuscitation in severely burned children.


Assuntos
Queimaduras , Choque , Superfície Corporal , Queimaduras/terapia , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Hidratação , Humanos , Masculino , Ressuscitação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Choque/terapia
4.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(36): 2878-2884, 2021 Sep 28.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34587728

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the relationship between the daily incidence of human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) and meteorological parameters in the main urban area of Chongqing. Methods: This study took 3 107 children hospitalized with acute lower respiratory tract infections from June 2009 to June 2019 in department of Respiratory medicine, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University (CHCMU). Nasopharyngeal aspirate (NPA) was collected on the day of admission to detect HRSV and common respiratory virus; combined with the meteorological data of the main urban area of ​​Chongqing during the same period, the correlation and distribution lag nonlinear model analysis of the daily incidence of HRSV and meteorological parameters were carried out. Results: Among 3 107 children, HRSV positive accounted for 34.53% (1 073 cases), the age was 6 (3, 13) months, and males accounted for 64.31% (690 cases). The daily incidence of HRSV was negatively correlated with minimum temperature (r=-0.220, P<0.001), maximum temperature (r=-0.221, P<0.001), average temperature (r=-0.221, P<0.001) and precipitation (r=-0.052, P<0.001), and positively correlated with sunshine time (r=0.011, P<0.001) and average relative humidity (r=0.095, P<0.001). Compared with the reference temperature (20 ℃), when the lowest temperature of 6-10 ℃ lags for 4-8 d, the RR value of HRSV was 1.11-1.14, and when the lowest temperature of 5-19 ℃ lags for 5 d and 2-19 ℃ lags for 10 d, the RR values were 1.02-1.14 and 1.00-1.03. When the cumulative lag is 5, 10, 15 and 21 d, compared with the reference temperature (20 ℃), the RR (95%CI) values at the lowest temperature of 10.4 ℃ were 1.93 (1.08-3.46), 3.49 (1.64-7.45), 5.00 (2.01-12.46) and 6.69 (2.18-20.48); the RR (95%CI) values of the lowest temperature of 22.1 ℃ were 0.87 (0.77-0.98), 0.77 (0.66-0.90), 0.74 (0.62-0.89) and 0.68 (0.55-0.85). In the cumulative effect, compared with the reference temperature (20 ℃), the gender stratification showed that the maximum RR (95%CI) values of the lowest temperature for boys and girls under different lag days were 7.24 (1.84-28.51) and 2.19 (1.07-4.46), the age stratification showed that the maximum RR (95%CI) values of the lowest temperature for children<6 months old and children ≥6 months old under different lag days were 4.72 (1.05-21.23) and 11.98 (1.70-84.35). Conclusions: In the main urban area of Chongqing, the daily incidence of HRSV in children is correlated with climatic parameters. Among them, the lowest temperature has a delayed and cumulative effect on HRSV infection. 6-10 ℃ has a greater impact on the incidence of HRSV when the lag is 4-8 days. The effect has a more obvious impact on the incidence of HRSV in boys and children ≥ 6 months.


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial , Vírus Sincicial Respiratório Humano , Infecções Respiratórias , Criança , China/epidemiologia , Correlação de Dados , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Lactente , Masculino , Infecções por Vírus Respiratório Sincicial/epidemiologia
5.
Occup Med (Lond) ; 71(8): 336-342, 2021 Nov 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34415348

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Clinical research associates (CRAs) play an important role in pharmaceutical research and development. Despite growing concern about occupational burnout among CRAs in China, little is known about this topic. AIMS: We evaluated the factors associated with occupational burnout among CRAs in China and assessed the extent and nature of this syndrome in order to develop effective countermeasures. METHODS: In October 2020, we collected data from a convenience sample of 438 CRAs from 26 major cities across China using a custom-designed questionnaire. We evaluated their psychopathological status and degree of occupational burnout based on the Maslach Burnout Inventory. Factors associated with burnout were identified using the Wilcoxon rank test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Spearman's rank correlation and multivariable ordinal logistic regression. RESULTS: Of the 438 CRAs analyzed, 82% showed signs of occupational burnout, with a large proportion experiencing moderate burnout (50%). Burnout in Chinese CRAs manifested as emotional exhaustion (77%), depersonalization (66%) and low sense of accomplishment (15%). The severity of burnout was significantly affected by mode of working (odds ratio [OR] 1.56, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.04-2.34), average number of working hours per week (OR 1.68, 95% CI 1.14-2.46), support provided by the hospital (OR 3.13, 95% CI 1.40-6.99) and likelihood of receiving a promotion (OR 4.05, 95% CI 1.34-12.22) (all P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: The incidence of occupational burnout among CRAs in China is high. Companies and hospitals must take effective measures to establish support systems for CRAs in order to alleviate this situation and thereby ensure the quality of clinical trials.

6.
Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 24(6): 505-512, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34148315

RESUMO

Objective: Transanal total mesorectal excision (taTME) was a very hot topic in the first few years since its appearance, but now more introspections and controversies on this procedure have emerged. One of the reasons why the Norwegian Ministry of Health stopped taTME was the high incidence of postoperative anastomotic leak. In current study, the incidence and risk factors of anastomotic leak after taTME were analyzed based on the data registered in the Chinese taTME Registry Collaborative (CTRC). Methods: A case-control study was carried out. Between November 15, 2017 and December 31, 2020, clinical data of 1668 patients undergoing taTME procedure registered in the CTRC database from 43 domestic centers were collected retrospectively. After excluding 98 cases without anastomosis and 109 cases without complete postoperative complication data, 1461 patients were finally enrolled for analysis. There were 1036 males (70.9%) and 425 females (29.1%) with mean age of (58.2±15.6) years and mean body mass index of (23.6±3.8) kg/m(2). Anastomotic leak was diagnosed and classified according to the International Study Group of Rectal Cancer (ISREC) criteria. The risk factors associated with postoperative anastomotic leak cases were analyzed. The impact of the cumulative number of taTME surgeries in a single center on the incidence of anastomotic leak was evaluated. As for those centers with the number of taTME surgery ≥ 40 cases, incidence of anastomic leak between 20 cases of taTME surgery in the early and later phases was compared. Results: Of 1461 patients undergoing taTME, 103(7.0%) developed anastomotic leak, including 71 (68.9%) males and 32 (31.1%) females with mean age of (59.0±13.9) years and mean body mass index of (24.5±5.7) kg/m(2). The mean distance between anastomosis site and anal verge was (2.6±1.4) cm. Thirty-nine cases (37.9%) were classified as ISREC grade A, 30 cases (29.1%) as grade B and 34 cases (33.0%) as grade C. Anastomotic leak occurred in 89 cases (7.0%,89/1263) in the laparoscopic taTME group and 14 cases (7.1%, 14/198) in the pure taTME group. Multivariate analysis showed that hand-sewn anastomosis (P=0.004) and the absence of defunctioning stoma (P=0.013) were independently associated with anastomotic leak after taTME. In the 16 centers (37.2%) which performed ≥ 30 taTME surgeries with cumulative number of 1317 taTME surgeries, 86 cases developed anastomotic leak (6.5%, 86/1317). And in the 27 centers which performed less than 30 taTME surgeries with cumulative number of 144 taTME surgeries, 17 cases developed anastomotic leak (11.8%, 17/144). There was significant difference between two kinds of center (χ(2)=5.513, P=0.019). Thirteen centers performed ≥ 40 taTME surgeries. In the early phase (the first 20 cases in each center), 29 cases (11.2%, 29/260) developed anastomotic leak, and in the later phase, 12 cases (4.6%, 12/260) developed anastomotic leak. The difference between the early phase and the later phase was statistically significant (χ(2)=7.652, P=0.006). Conclusion: The incidence of anastomotic leak after taTME may be reduced by using stapler and defunctioning stoma, or by accumulating experience.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Retais , Adulto , Idoso , Fístula Anastomótica/epidemiologia , Fístula Anastomótica/etiologia , Estudos de Casos e Controles , China/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Retais/cirurgia , Reto/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco
7.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(9): 3400, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34002809

RESUMO

The article "Changed expression of microRNAs may predict postoperative atrial fibrillation in patients with cardiac surgery, by Z.-W. Xu, Z.-L. Jiang, Z. Fu, S. Huang, published in Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021; 25 (1): 287-292-DOI: 10.26355/eurrev_202101_24394-PMID: 33506917" has been withdrawn from the authors since the results provided are not complete enough. The Publisher apologizes for any inconvenience this may cause. https://www.europeanreview.org/article/24394.

8.
Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi ; 57(5): 353-357, 2021 May 11.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33915638

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the characteristics and associated factors of early refractive parameters in premature infants. Methods: Case-control study. Premature infants who underwent the first fundus screening in the ophthalmic clinic of Xiamen children's Hospital from May 2018 to February 2019 were collected. The screening time was 4 to 6 weeks after birth or corrected gestational age from 31 to 32 weeks. The premature infants who were diagnosed with mild retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) in one eye or both eyes but did not receive any treatment were divided into ROP group and divided into zone Ⅱ subgroup and zone Ⅲ subgroup according to the region of ROP; the premature infants without ROP were divided into non-ROP group. The gestational age, birth weight, spherical equivalent, anterior chamber depth, vitreous depth, axial length, lens thickness and corneal refractive power were recorded and compared. Independent sample t-test, multiple linear regression analysis and Pearson correlation analysis were used. Results: A total of 180 premature infants, 101 males and 79 females, with gestational age of (30.82±3.10) weeks, corrected gestational age of (37.21±1.44) weeks and birth weight of (1 577.85±572.12) g were included in this study. Ninety premature infants were included in the ROP group (162 eyes, of which 85 right eyes were included in the analysis) and 90 in the non-ROP group (90 right eyes). There was no significant difference in the distribution of gestational age, birth weight and corrected gestational age between the ROP group and non-ROP group (all P>0.05), but there was significant difference in the spherical equivalent between the two groups [(1.90±1.39) D vs. (3.04±1.88) D, t=-4.653, P<0.01], and ROP group was relatively smaller. In the ROP group, the anterior chamber depth was (1.82±0.23) mm, the lens thickness was (4.54±0.18) mm, and the corneal refractive power was (43.99±0.99) D. In the non-ROP group, the anterior chamber depth was (1.91±0.94) mm, the lens thickness was (4.23±0.50) mm, and the corneal refractive power was (43.72±0.92) D. The difference between the two groups was statistically significant (all P<0.01). In ROP group, the anterior chamber depth was shallower, the lens was thicker, and the corneal refractive power was higher. In ROP group, the corneal refractive power of 48 right eyes in zone Ⅱ subgroup and 37 right eyes in Zone Ⅲ subgroup were (43.92±0.78) D and (43.39±1.05) D respectively, and the spherical equivalent were (2.08±0.95) D and (2.52±1.12) D respectively. The corneal refractive power of zone Ⅱ subgroup was higher and the spherical equivalent was smaller, and the differences were statistically significant (all P<0.05). Multiple regression analysis showed that birth weight, gestational age and corneal refractive power were the influencing factors of spherical equivalent (P<0.01). The results of Pearson correlation analysis showed that the gestational age (r=0.182), birth weight (r=0.223) and corneal refractive power (r=-0.125) of premature infants were closely related to the spherical equivalent (all P<0.05). Conclusions: In premature infants, the larger spherical equivalent is related to greater gestational age and heavier birth weight. The refractive parameters of mild ROP are characterized by shallow anterior chamber, thick lens, high corneal refractive power and small spherical equivalent. The spherical equivalent is closely related to the development of ROP. (Chin J Ophthalmol, 2021, 57: 353-357).


Assuntos
Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Retinopatia da Prematuridade , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Criança , Feminino , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Lactente , Recém-Nascido de Baixo Peso , Recém-Nascido , Masculino , Retinopatia da Prematuridade/epidemiologia
9.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; 40(10): 1796-1802, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33887967

RESUMO

Bupivacaine is frequently used for regional anesthesia and postoperative analgesia. However, an inadvertent intravenous injection can cause severe cardiotoxicity, manifesting as arrhythmia, hypotension, and even cardiac asystole. The mechanism of bupivacaine-mediated cardiotoxicity remains unclear. SK2 knockout mice (SK) and wild-type mice (WT) were divided into four groups, with 12 mice per group. We determined the difference in bupivacaine cardiotoxicity between SK2 knockout and WT mice by measuring the time to the first arrhythmia (Tarrhythmia) and the time to asystole (Tasystole). Secondary indicators of cardiotoxicity were the time from the beginning of bupivacaine infusion to 20% prolongation of the QT interval (TQT) and the time to 20% widening of the QRS complex (TQRS). Tarrhythmia and Tasystole were significantly longer in the SK-bupi group than in the WT-bupi group (both P < 0.05). TQT and TQRS were longer in the SK-bupi group than in the WT-bupi group (all P < 0.05). The time to 25%, 50%, and 75% reduction in HR in the SK-bupi group was significantly longer than in the WT-bupi group (all P < 0.05). Knocking out the SK2 channel can reduce bupivacaine-induced cardiotoxicity in the mouse.

10.
J Phys Condens Matter ; 33(13): 135803, 2021 Feb 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33527915

RESUMO

In this work we report experimental evidence for the weak high-temperature ferromagnetism in Bi1-x R x FeO3 (R = Dy, Y) compounds by systematic characterizations, excluding the possible side-effects from other iron-based impurities. Remarkable saturated magnetic moment was observed in the Y-substituted samples, Bi1-x Y x FeO3, which is larger than the moment obtained in Bi1-x Dy x FeO3, the Dy-substituted samples with antiferromagnetic background. The physical origin of the weak ferromagnetic transition is discussed and serious lattice distortions have been identified based on the x-ray diffraction and Raman scattering data, although the rhombohedral structure symmetry remains unchanged upon the substitutions. It is believed that the structural distortion suppressed cycloid spin structure is the main factor for the enhanced magnetization in Bi1-x R x FeO3 compounds. Additionally, the Dy3+-Fe3+ antiferromagnetic coupling, which strengthens the antiferromagnetic interaction in Bi1-x Dy x FeO3 compounds, acts as the driving force for the magnetic discrepancy between Bi1-x Y x FeO3 and Bi1-x Dy x FeO3 samples.

11.
Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci ; 25(1): 287-292, 2021 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33506917

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Changes of microRNAs (miRNAs) may contribute to the pathogenesis and progression of postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) in patients undergoing cardiac valve surgery. This study aimed to measure the expression levels of miRNAs in peripheral blood, as well as their target mRNAs, in POAF patients and normal controls (non-POAF), and to evaluate the potential of miRNAs as promising biomarkers to predict POAF. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The expression of miRNAs in peripheral blood, including miR-27b, miR-133a, miR-328, miR-499 and their target mRNAs, was analyzed in 109 POAF patients and 96 non-POAF patients via quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). We compared differences between the two groups and also analyzed the treat reaction to amiodarone. RESULTS: All miRNAs in POAF patients were significantly highly expressed. Compared to non-POAF, the expression of miR-27b, miR-133a, miR-328, miR-499 increased in both groups of POAF patients, and miR-499 was the only upregulated miRNAs in the amiodarone - group versus amiodarone + group and non-POAF. Among the upregulated miRNAs, miR-499 expression significantly changed in amiodarone + and amiodarone - patients (p = 0.005). The ROC curve analysis revealed that miR-499 might be a potential therapeutic response biomarker. The miRNA-mRNA interactions revealed 10 mRNAs regulated by miR-27b, miR-133a, and miR- 499. CONCLUSIONS: We found an expression on miR-133a, miR-27b, miR-328, and miR-499 was significantly different between these groups, with a high expression being observed in POAF patients compared to non-POAF patients. Further, the present results showed that miR-499 was significantly upregulated in amiodarone - patients, compared to non-POAF, and amiodarone + patients. This finding indicates that miR-499 may be a potential biomarker for predicting the occurrence of POAF after cardiac valve surgery and treat the reaction to amiodarone.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/genética , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Cardíacos/efeitos adversos , MicroRNAs/genética , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/genética , Fibrilação Atrial/sangue , Biomarcadores/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , MicroRNAs/sangue , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Período Pós-Operatório
12.
Clin Radiol ; 76(4): 314.e1-314.e8, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33485624

RESUMO

AIM: The study aimed to describe the features of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in fetuses with tethered-cord syndrome (TCS) or lower spinal cord (LSC) and to analyse the clinical outcomes and complications during follow-up. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective study of fetuses diagnosed with TCS or LSC using MRI from January 2015 to August 2019. The average gestational week (GW) at MRI examination was 25.46 ± 4.73 GW (range: 21-39 GW). MRI was used1 to identify the anatomical landmarks of the spine2; to measure the width of the conus medullaris and record the ending position of the LSC3; and to analyse other neurological deformities. The diagnostic results between MRI and ultrasonography (US) were compared. RESULTS: A total of 38 fetuses with suspected intracranial or spinal lesions on US or MRI were included. Among all fetuses, 17 fetuses were diagnosed with LSC or TCS without associated anomalies. Twenty-one fetuses had complications of central nervous system (CNS) anomalies, one fetus also had a diagram hernia, and one fetus had an inverse foot. MRI provided more diagnoses than US in nine fetuses. Two cases of diastematomyelia detected on MRI were missed on US. The capability of MRI was comparable with that of US in terms of displaying spina bifida. CONCLUSION: In the present study, fetal MRI showed better performance than US for depicting TCS and related CNS abnormalities. MRI provided clinicians with additional information in terms of prenatal counselling and management.


Assuntos
Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Defeitos do Tubo Neural/diagnóstico por imagem , Diagnóstico Pré-Natal , Feminino , Seguimentos , Idade Gestacional , Humanos , Imageamento Tridimensional , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal
13.
Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi ; 101(4): 286-292, 2021 Jan 26.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486939

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of combined hepatic artery resection for the treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Methods: We searched Pubmed, The Cochrane Library, Embase, Web of Science, China Knowledge Network, Wanfang Data Resource System, Vip-Chinese Sci-tech Journal System Database, and China Biomedical Literature Database, and collected the randomized controlled studies or retrospective studies on the safety and efficacy of combined hepatic artery resection and non-hepatic artery resection in the treatment of hilar cholangiocarcinoma. The search period is from January 1, 2006 to December 31, 2019. Review Manager 5.3 software was used to analyze the extracted data indicators. Results: A total of 14 articles were collected, and a total of 2 374 patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma were included in the study. Meta-analysis results showed that the perioperative mortality in the hepatic artery resection (HAR) group was higher than that of the control group (OR=1.70, 95%CI=0.02-2.90, P=0.05), and the total postoperative morbidity rate was higher than that of the control group (OR=1.28, 95%CI= 0.93-1.76, P=0.13), both of which were not statistically significant compared with the control group. Subgroup analysis showed that the incidence of liver failure (OR=1.15, 95%CI= 0.73-1.82, P=0.54), biliary fistula (OR=1.20, 95%CI= 0.78-1.84, P=0.40), and abdominal infection in the two groups (OR=0.98, 95%CI= 0.53-1.83, P=0.95) was without significant difference. The R0 resection rate of the HAR group was higher than that of the control group, and the difference was not statistically significant (OR=1.08, 95%CI=0.66-1.75, P=0.77). The rates of lymph node metastasis in the HAR group were higher than that in the control group (OR= 2.48, 95%CI= 1.05-5.84, P=0.04). One-year(OR=0.48, 95%CI= 0.32-0.72, P=0.000 5), 3-year (OR= 0.51, 95%CI=0.36-0.72, P=0.000 1), and 5-year (OR=0.50, 95%CI=0.35-0.70, P<0.000 1) survival rates of HAR group were lower than those of the control group. The survival rates of patients in HAR group treated with combined chemotherapy drugs after operation were significantly improved (OR= 7.33, P=0.02). Conclusions: The safety of combined HAR treatment for hilar cholangiocarcinoma is acceptable, but poor postoperative survival may be related to the high lymph node metastasis rate. Therefore, it is still necessary to be cautious in carrying out this operation. Combined with adjuvant chemotherapy after surgery may improve survival.


Assuntos
Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares , Colangiocarcinoma , Tumor de Klatskin , Neoplasias dos Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Ductos Biliares Intra-Hepáticos , China , Colangiocarcinoma/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Artéria Hepática , Humanos , Tumor de Klatskin/cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Hum Exp Toxicol ; 40(4): 685-694, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33025833

RESUMO

Apelin has been reported to regulate mitochondrial function in myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury and cerebral ischemia-reperfusion injury. However, the role of apelin-13 in lung ischemia-reperfusion injury (LIRI) remains unclear. This study established an experimental rat model to evaluate the underlying mechanisms of apelin-13 on LIRI. Twenty-four rats were randomly divided to sham operation group (group SM), ischemia/reperfusion group (group IR), and apelin-13 treatment group (group APL). The effects of apelin-13 on LIRI were determined histologically using H&E staining, while the wet/dry weight ratio was used to assess lung edema caused by LIRI. Inflammatory cytokines were also detected in Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid by ELISA. The protein expression of UCP2 and the morphological changes of mitochondria were determined by western blotting and electromicroscopy, respectively. The results demonstrated the structural damage of lung tissues and lung edema in group IR. An increased level of inflammatory cytokines including IL-1ß, IL-6 and TNF-α was observed in rats with LIRI using ELISA. After that, oxidative stress and morphological damage of mitochondria were also shown in group IR. Yet, the application of apelin-13 reversed all these deleterious effects in group APL. The protective effects of apelin-13 were indicated by decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS) and elevated UCP2 expression levels in rats. In conclusion, this study revealed that apelin-13 had protective effects against LIRI via attenuating lung edema, the production of inflammatory cytokines, oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/uso terapêutico , Substâncias Protetoras/uso terapêutico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar/imunologia , Citocinas/imunologia , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/farmacologia , Pulmão/efeitos dos fármacos , Pulmão/imunologia , Pulmão/patologia , Masculino , Malondialdeído/imunologia , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Mitocôndrias/ultraestrutura , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/imunologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia , Superóxido Dismutase/imunologia , Proteína Desacopladora 2/imunologia
15.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(12): 2040-2045, 2020 Dec 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378814

RESUMO

Objective: Breast cancer has been the first cancer among women with the incidence increasing gradually. In September 2016, the Breast Cancer Cohort Study in Chinese Women (BCCS-CW) was initiated, aiming to establish a standardized and sharable breast cancer-specific cohort by integrating the existing cohort resource and improving the quality of follow-up. The BCCS-CW may provide a research basis and platform for the precision prevention and treatment of breast cancer in etiology identification, prevention, early diagnosis, treatment, and prognosis prediction. Methods: We conducted a population-based perspective cohort by questionnaire interview, anthropometry, biological specimens, breast ultrasound and mammography. The cohort was followed by using regional health surveillance and ad hoc survey. Results: Finally, BCCS-CW included 112 118 women, in which 55 419 women completed the standardized investigation and blood specimens were collected from 54 304 women. The mean age of participants was 51.7 years old, 62.7% were overweight or obese, and 48.9% were menopausal. Conclusion: The BCCS-CW will provide population-based cohort resource and research platform for the precise prevention and treatment of breast cancer in Chinese women.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Mama , Neoplasias da Mama/epidemiologia , China/epidemiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos de Pesquisa
16.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(6): 1102-1106, 2020 Dec 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33331321

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the surgical technique and clinical effect of less invasive intrame-dullary nail fixation combined with titanium cable cerclage in the treatment of subtrochanteric fractures. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed in 46 cases of subtrochanteric fractures in Peking University People's Hospital from January 2015 to December 2017. Among them, there were 14 males and 32 females, with an average age of (77.83±10.66) years (44-92 years); 17 cases on the left side and 29 cases on the right side. The causes of injury included crash from a height, traffic accident and accidental fall. According to Seinsheimer classification, there were 26 cases of type Ⅱ, 11 cases of type Ⅲ, 9 cases of type Ⅳ, and these cases were all closed injury. After admission, these patients underwent continuous tibial tuberosity bone traction to maintain the length and force line of the lower extremity, so as to reduce the difficulty of intraoperative fracture reduction. Anticoagulant therapy was given before operation to reduce perioperative thrombotic complications. All the patients were treated with less invasive intramedullary nail fixation combined with titanium cable cerclage. Operation time, blood loss during surgery, time of fracture healing were recorded, Harris and Sanders scoring system were used to assess hip function after operation at each follow-up time point. RESULTS: All the included patients underwent surgery successfully. Average operative time and intraoperative blood loss of these patients were (131.09 ± 20.06) min and (191.96±111.03) mL, respectively. All the patients were followed up satisfactorily, with an average follow-up time of 28 months. The fractures received bone healing within 3-6 months, average hospital stay was (10.61±2.85) days. The Sanders score was excellent in 3 cases, good in 37 cases and common in 6 cases, with an excellent and good rate of 86.96%. The Harris score was excellent in 6 cases, good in 36 cases, with an excellent and good rate of 91.30%. There were no cases of wound infection, loss of reduction, nonunion of fracture or internal fixation failure. Hip pain symptoms were effectively relieved in most patients. CONCLUSION: Less invasive intramedullary nail fixation combined with titanium cable cerclage can obtain good alignment and stability of fracture ends, which is an effective method for the treatment of subtrochanteric fractures.


Assuntos
Fixação Intramedular de Fraturas , Fraturas do Quadril , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Pinos Ortopédicos , Feminino , Consolidação da Fratura , Fraturas do Quadril/cirurgia , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Titânio , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue Za Zhi ; 41(11): 1865-1870, 2020 Nov 10.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33297652

RESUMO

Objective: To explore the spatial clustering and trend of liver cancer mortality in different counties of Shandong province from 1970 to 2013, and provide scientific basis for the development of liver cancer prevention and control plan. Methods: Cancer mortality data were obtained from Shandong Death Registration System and three national death cause surveys in China. Mortality rate and age adjusted mortality rate were used to describe the trend of liver cancer in different years. Difference decomposing method was applied to estimate the contribution of demographic and non-demographic factors to the change of mortality. Software ArcGIS 10.2 was used for spatial analysis, and software SaTScan 9.4 was used for spatial clustering analysis on liver cancer mortality. Results: From 2011 to 2013, the crude mortality rate of liver cancer (29.89/100 000) in Shandong increased by 208.00% and 35.37% respectively compared with that during 1970-1974 (9.72/100 000) and 1990-1992 (22.08/100 000) and was similar to that during 2004-2005 (30.44/100 000). While age standardized mortality rate (ASMR) increased first and then decreased. The ASMR during 2011-2013 (12.62/100 000) increased by 60.97% compared with that during 1970-1974 and decreased by 22.38% and 21.81% compared with that during 1990-1992 and 2004-2005, respectively. According to the difference decomposition analysis on liver cancer mortality in different years, the contribution of population factors to the liver cancer mortality rate increased from 3.38% during 1990-1992 to 29.36% during 2004-2005 and 46.16% during 2011-2013. However, the contribution of non-population factors to the increase of liver cancer mortality decreased. According to the spatial distribution of liver cancer mortality, the crude mortality rate of liver cancer in different counties were quite different, ranging from 9.33/100 000 to 65.33/100 000. Using the spatial scanning statistical software to analyze the spatial clustering of liver cancer mortality, multi areas with high mortality rate of liver cancer were found, and they were mainly distributed in Jiaodong peninsula from 2011 to 2013, covering 20 counties (cities, districts) in Qingdao, Yantai and Weihai. The risk of liver cancer mortality in this area was 1.54 times higher than that in other areas. The spatial clustering distribution of liver cancer mortality during 1970-1974 was significantly different from that during 2011-2013, the areas with high mortality rate during 1970-1974 were mainly distributed in central and western Shandong. Conclusions: There were significant temporal and spatial distribution changes in the mortality rate of liver cancer in Shandong from 1970 to 2013. According to these trends and their geographical and spatial distribution, we should further explore the risk factors of liver cancer, and formulate feasible and area specific prevention and control measures for liver cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Hepáticas , China/epidemiologia , Análise por Conglomerados , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/mortalidade , Mortalidade/tendências , Análise Espacial
18.
Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi ; 55(11): 1037-1042, 2020 Nov 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210883

RESUMO

Objective: To evaluate the accuracy of diffusion weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI-MRI) combined with high resolution temporal bone CT (HRCT) in the location diagnosis of middle ear cholesteatoma and its value in the postoperative follow-up. Methods: 134 patients with inital cholesteatoma and 22 patients with suspected recurrent cholesteatoma were selected for HRCT, conventional MRI and DWI examination. Based on the intraoperative and pathological diagnosis, DWI and HRCT images were combined to evaluate the consistency between the lesion location and invasion area of the initial cholesteatoma and intraoperative lesions. The results of HRCT and DWI in the diagnosis of recurrent middle ear cholesteatoma were statistically analyzed to evaluate their diagnostic efficacy. Results: The accuracy rate of DWI combined with HRCT was 90.3%.The sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value and negative predictive value of HRCT and DWI in the diagnosis of recurrent middle ear cholesteatoma were 27.8%, 75.0%, 83.3%, 18.8% and 100%, 75.0%, 94.7% and 100%, respectively, and the Kappa values consistent with the pathological results were 0.024 and 0.843, respectively. Chi-square test confirmed that there were differences in the diagnosis between groups (P<0.001). Conclusions: Combined with the high sensitivity of DWI and the high resolution of HRCT, the accuracy of preoperative positioning of the newly diagnosed cholesteatoma can be improved and surgery strategy can be guided. DWI is also of high diagnostic value for recurrent cholesteatoma in the middle ear.


Assuntos
Colesteatoma da Orelha Média , Colesteatoma da Orelha Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem de Difusão por Ressonância Magnética , Orelha Média/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Osso Temporal , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
19.
Beijing Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban ; 52(5): 870-874, 2020 Oct 18.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33047721

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the clinical effect of a modified arthroscopic outside-in suture technique in the treatment of meniscus tear using a spinal needle. METHODS: From January 2015 to October 2017, 95 patients treated with this method were followed-up. Among these cases, there were 36 males and 59 females. The age of the patients ranged from 16 to 77 years, (46.79±18.07) years in average. Among them, there were 28 patieats aged 16-35, 53 patients aged 36-65, and 14 patients aged over 65 years old. 28 cases were diagnosed with medial meniscus tear, 43 cases with lateral meniscus tear and 24 cases with both medial and lateral meniscus tear. Causes of the injury included sports, sprain, etc. According to Barrett standard, the clinical healing of meniscus tear was judged. Lysholm score, knee range of motion, visual simulation score (VAS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were used to evaluate the postoperative knee function and recovery of the patients. RESULTS: The 95 patients were followed up for 22 to 36 months, with an average of (28.32±3.98) months. According to Barrett standard, 90 patients (94.7%) obtained meniscus clinical healing. Meniscal healing rates were 96.43%, 96.23% and 85.71% in the three age groups, respectively. The meniscal healing rate was lower in the elderly group, but there was no significant difference in statistical results (P=0.262). Five patients had deep tenderness in the joint space of the injured side, and the overstretch test was positive. The preoperative and postoperative VAS scores, Lysholm scores and knee motion were compared in each group, and the differences were statistically significant (P < 0.01). At the end of the last follow-up, there were no cases of knee joint effusion, swelling and interlocking, and the joint function was effectively improved in most patients. No surgical site infection, periarticular vascular/nerve injury or knotting reaction was found during the follow-up. CONCLUSION: This modified arthroscopic outside-in suture technique using a spinal needle has the characteristics of simple operation, small trauma and rapid recovery, and the mid-term follow-up results were satisfactory. Therefore, we consider this method to be a safe and efficient method for the treatment of meniscus anterior horn and body tear.


Assuntos
Traumatismos do Joelho , Lesões do Menisco Tibial , Idoso , Artroscopia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Traumatismos do Joelho/cirurgia , Masculino , Punções , Técnicas de Sutura , Lesões do Menisco Tibial/cirurgia
20.
Zhonghua Zhong Liu Za Zhi ; 42(9): 718-722, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988152

RESUMO

Objective: To estimate the incidence and mortality rates of prostate cancer in China in 2015. Methods: The data from 501 cancer registries in China collected by the National Cancer Center were reviewed and evaluated, and the qualified data were included in the final analysis. According to the national population data in 2015, the nationwide incidence and mortality of the prostate cancer were estimated. Chinese standard population in 2000 and world Segi's population were used to calculate the age-standardized (ASR) incidence and mortality rates (ASR China and world, respectively). Results: After data review, the data reported by 368 registries were included in the final analysis, covering a total population of 309 553 499, accounting for 22.52% of the national population at the end of 2015. There were 72 thousand new prostate cancer cases estimated in China in 2015, with a crude incidence rate of 10.23/100 000. The ASR China and ASR world are 6.59/100 000 and 6.47/100 000, respectively, which is the sixth incidence of male malignant tumor.The estimated number of prostate cancer death was 3.07 thousand in China in 2015, with a crude mortality rate of 4.36/100 000; The ASR China and ASR world mortality rates were 2.61/100 000 and 2.65/100 000, respectively, which is the tenth leading cause of death in male malignant tumor.The ASR China incidence and mortality of prostate cancer in males were higher in urban areas (8.40/100 000 and 3.11/100 000) than those in rural areas (4.16/100 000 and 1.90/100 000). The incidence and mortality rates in the eastern areas (8.54/100 000 and 2.99/100 000) were higher than those in the central (5.28/100 000 and 2.34/100 000) and western areas (5.32/100 000 and 2.37/100 000) of China. Conclusions: The incidence and mortality rates of prostate cancer in China are lower than the global average, but there is an increasing trend. The incidence and mortality of prostate cancer in China have obvious regional differences.


Assuntos
Neoplasias da Próstata , População Rural , China/epidemiologia , Humanos , Incidência , Masculino , Neoplasias da Próstata/mortalidade , Sistema de Registros , População Urbana
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