Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 977
Filtrar
1.
J Membr Biol ; 2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32002589

RESUMO

Endosomal escape is a rate-limiting step in the cytosolic delivery of therapeutic drugs. Overcoming this barrier is crucial to achieve an effective biological based therapy. In this work, we evaluated the ability of a synthetic biomimetic peptide derived from the GALA to facilitate endosomal escape of protein drugs. Our results showed that the cytoplasmic distribution of GALA fusion proteins changed according to the hydrophobicity of GALA. One of the synthetic peptides, GALA3, significantly enhanced the endosomal escape efficiency of protein drugs. The cytosolic delivery capacity of GALA3 was significantly higher than that of several previously reported endosomal escape peptides, including hemagglutinin 2 (HA2). Moreover, when GALA3 was fused to BLF1-HBP, a ribosome-inactivating protein with cell-penetrating peptide HBP, the cytotoxicity of the fusion protein was significantly increased in various cell lines, including H460, HeLa, A549, and SMCC-7721. The growth inhibition effect of GALA3-BLF1-HBP was at least 20 times greater than that of BLF1-HBP alone in different tumor cell lines. GALA3 effectively promoted the endosomal escape of BLF1-HBP in a pH-dependent manner and greatly enhanced the apoptotic activity of BLF1-HBP. Taken together, our data show that by adjusting the hydrophobicity of GALA we obtained a more effective endosomal escape peptide. Therefore, GALA3-fusions can improve the efficiency of therapeutic protein drugs.

2.
Curr Neurovasc Res ; 2020 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32003673

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The current study was conducted in order to investigate the role of Forkhead box O1 and p21-mediated macrophage polarization in postoperative cognitive dysfunction induced by sevoflurane. METHODS: There involved a total of 30 healthy mice that were randomly divided into two groups: control group (without any treatment) and anaesthesia group (treated with sevoflurane inhalation). The effects of sevoflurane on cognitive function (memory) in mice were studied by trace fear conditioned reflex, and the effects of systemic inflammation and behavior after operation were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (Elisa), the concentrations of CD163 and tumor necrosis factor -α (TNF- α) were measured. The expression of macrophage phenotype was observed by immunofluorescence staining, the expression levels of M1 and M2 markers mRNA were detected by real-time fluorescence quantitative PCR (RT-PCR), and the expression levels of FoxO1 and p21 were analyzed by immunoblotting (Western blot). RESULTS: Compared with the control group, the freezing time in the anesthesia group was lower than that in the control group (P < 0.01), indicating that sevoflurane anesthesia led to the decrease of cognitive ability. The blood concentrations of CD163 and TNF- α increased significantly at 24 hours after operation with sevoflurane anesthesia (P < 0.05). Fluorescence microscopic observation showed that M2 was the main type of macrophages in normal tissues, while M1 and M2 phenotypes were highly expressed in sevoflurane anesthetized tissues at the same time, especially in M1 phenotypes (P < 0.01). The polarization of macrophages in the anesthetic group showed the high level of M1 mRNA, and the expression levels of TNF-a, monocyte chemotactic protein 1(MCP-1) and Interleukin-6 (IL-6)mRNA in the anesthetic group were significantly higher than those in the control group (P < 0.05). The expression levels of M2 mRNA such as transforming growth factor-ß (TGF- ß) and IL-10 were significantly lower than those in the control group (P < 0.05). Compared with the control group, the expression of FoxO1 and p21 protein in the anesthesia group was significantly lower than that in the control group with significant statistical difference (P < 0.01). CONCLUSION: This study offers theoretical basis and insight for further understanding the prevention and treatment of cognitive dysfunction induced by anesthetic drugs.

3.
4.
Transbound Emerg Dis ; 2020 Feb 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037673

RESUMO

Porcine respiratory and reproductive syndrome virus (PRRSV) causes an economically important disease affecting commercial pork production worldwide. NADC34-like PRRSV has had a strong impact on the U.S. and Peruvian pig industries in recent years and also emerged in northeastern China in 2017. However, the endemic status of NADC34-like PRRSV in China is unclear. In this study, we examined 650 tissue samples collected from 16 Provinces in China from 2018 to 2019. Six NADC34-like PRRSV strains were detected in samples from 3 Provinces, and the complete genomes of four of these strains were sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis showed that these novel PRRSV strains belong to sublineage 1.5 (or NADC34-like PRRSV), forming two groups in China. Sequence alignment suggested that these novel strains share the same 100-aa deletion in the Nsp2 protein that was identified in IA/2014/NADC34 isolated from the U.S in 2014. Recombination analysis revealed that five of eight complete genome sequences are derived from recombination between IA/2014/NADC34 and ISU30 or NADC30. The number and distribution of NADC34-like PRRSVs is increasing in China. Importantly, compared with the currently endemic strain NADC30-like PRRSV, NADC34-like PRRSV has the potential to be an endemic strain in China. This study will help us understand the epidemic status of NADC34-like PRRSV in China and provide data for further monitoring this type of PRRSV in China.

5.
World J Pediatr ; 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32026148

RESUMO

Since December 2019, an epidemic caused by novel coronavirus (2019-nCoV) infection has occurred unexpectedly in China. As of 8 pm, 31 January 2020, more than 20 pediatric cases have been reported in China. Of these cases, ten patients were identified in Zhejiang Province, with an age of onset ranging from 112 days to 17 years. Following the latest National recommendations for diagnosis and treatment of pneumonia caused by 2019-nCoV (the 4th edition) and current status of clinical practice in Zhejiang Province, recommendations for the diagnosis and treatment of respiratory infection caused by 2019-nCoV for children were drafted by the National Clinical Research Center for Child Health, the National Children's Regional Medical Center, Children's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine to further standardize the protocol for diagnosis and treatment of respiratory infection in children caused by 2019-nCoV.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 714: 136833, 2020 Jan 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32018977

RESUMO

Hydrochemical behavior and dissolved carbon dynamics are highly-sensitive to hydrological variations in the monsoon-influenced karstic critical zone which has high chemical weathering rates and experiences strong anthropogenic impact. Continuous high-frequency monitoring in the spring outlet of a karstic catchment in Southwestern China revealed that most hydrochemical variables changed distinctively in response to hydrologic variations, influenced by mixing of different sources and miscellaneous biogeochemical processes. Na+, K+ and SO42- varied significantly with hydrology, showing weak chemostatic behavior controlled by dilution. The flushing effect and random behavior of NO3- and Cl- likely reflect agricultural inputs from high throughflow. Soil CO2 in infiltrated water supports carbonate weathering, enabling DIC (dissolved inorganic carbon) and weathering products (e.g., Ca2+ and Mg2+) to maintain chemostatic behavior. Biogenic DIC exhibited a stronger chemostatic response than carbonate sources and was the foremost control in DIC behavior. Carbon exchange between DIC and DOC (dissolved organic carbon) did not significantly influence DIC concentration and δ13C due to very low DOC concentration. More DOC was exported by flushing from increasing discharge. Hysteretic analysis indicated that the transport processes were controlled by proximal sources mixing and diverse mobilization in various periods responding to rainstorms. NO3- and Cl- presented different hysteresis behavior as sourced from agricultural activities. DOC increased on the hydrograph rising limb and was controlled by a transport-limited regime. However, the hysteresis behavior of most weathering products and DIC were regulated by a process-limited regime in the karstic critical zone. Overall, biogeochemical processes, hydrogeological properties, storm intensity/magnitude and the timing of storms (antecedent conditions) are main factors influencing the response of hydrochemical variables and dissolved carbon to storm events.

8.
Cell Biol Int ; 2020 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31903637

RESUMO

The occurrence and development of prostate cancer (PCa) is complex, and the related mechanism is not fully understood. Current studies have found that extracellular vesicles (EVs) and circular RNAs (circRNAs) have important functions in various tumours and other diseases. In this study, the detection of circRNAs in PCa showed that circ_SLC19A1 was increased in PCa cells and their secreted EVs. EVs with high expression of circ_SLC19A1 could be taken up by PCa cells, which promoted cell proliferation and invasion. The sequence of circ_SLC19A1 contained multiple binding sites for miR-497, and circ_SLC19A1 could bind directly to miR-497 in cells. The expression of miR-497 was downregulated in PCa cells, while the expression of its target gene septin 2 (SEPT2) was upregulated significantly. Transfection of circ_SLC19A1 small interfering RNA (siRNA) or miR-497 mimics could significantly inhibit the expression of SEPT2 and the phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1 and 2 (ERK1/2). After co-transfection of circ_SLC19A1 siRNA and miR-497 inhibitors or SEPT2 overexpression vector, the expression of SEPT2 and ERK1/2 phosphorylation levels showed no significant changes. Similar results were obtained with co-transfection of miR-497 mimics and the SEPT2 overexpression vector. Therefore, cancer cells can regulate the expression of SEPT2 through miR-497 by secreting EVs with high expression of circ_SLC19A1, thus affecting the activation of the downstream ERK1/2 pathway and ultimately regulating PCa cell growth and invasion. Therefore, EV-derived circ_SLC19A1 plays an important regulatory role in PCa and may be an important target for PCa prevention and treatment.

10.
Mol Pharm ; 17(2): 683-694, 2020 Feb 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31913047

RESUMO

Plant-based saponins are amphipathic glycosides composed of a hydrophobic aglycone backbone covalently bound to one or more hydrophilic sugar moieties. Recently, the endosomal escape activity of triterpenoid saponins has been investigated as a potentially powerful tool for improved cytosolic penetration of protein drugs internalized by endocytic uptake, thereby greatly enhancing their pharmacological effects. However, only a few saponins have been studied, and the paucity in understanding the structure-activity relationship of saponins imposes significant limitations on their applications. To address this knowledge gap, 12 triterpenoid saponins with diverse structural side chains were screened for their utility as endosomolytic agents. These compounds were used in combination with a toxin (MAP30-HBP) comprising a type I ribosome-inactivating protein fused to a cell-penetrating peptide. Suitability of saponins as endosomolytic agents was assessed on the basis of cytotoxicity, endosomal escape promotion, and synergistic effects on toxins. Five saponins showed strong endosomal escape activity, enhancing MAP30-HBP cytotoxicity by more than 106 to 109 folds. These saponins also enhanced the apoptotic effect of MAP30-HBP in a pH-dependent manner. Additionally, growth inhibition of MAP30-HBP-treated SMMC-7721 cells was greater than that of similarly treated HeLa cells, suggesting that saponin-mediated endosomolytic effect is likely to be cell-specific. Furthermore, the structural features and hydrophobicity of the sugar side chains were analyzed to draw correlations with endosomal escape activity and derive predictive rules, thus providing new insights into structure-activity relationships of saponins. This study revealed new saponins that can potentially be exploited as efficient cytosolic delivery reagents for improved therapeutic drug effects.

11.
Neurol Res ; 42(2): 170-177, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31951783

RESUMO

Objectives: Muscle magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a reliable noninvasion tool for detecting muscle abnormalities of myopathies. This study aimed to investigate the MRI features of lower limb muscles in Chinese patients with myotonic dystrophy type 1 (DM1) and to evaluate the correlation between clinical factors and muscle MRI.Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records and lower limb muscle MRI in 24 Chinese DM1 patients. Muscular Impairment Rating Scale (MIRS) was used to assess the clinical muscular impairment. Modified Mercuri's scale was used to assess the degree of fatty infiltration. Spearman rank correlation test was used to analyze the relationship between fatty degeneration score with age, age of onset, disease duration, MIRS grading and creatinine kinase (CK) level.Results: Fatty infiltration was found in 22 of 24 DM1 patients and 8 patients were asymmetrically affected. The medial gastrocnemius was the most affected muscle, followed by soleus and tibialis anterior muscles in lower legs. At thigh level, the anterior compartment was usually the most affected region with the rectus femoris relatively spared. 79.2% of DM1 patients had edema in lower limb muscles. The total mean score of fatty infiltration correlated with MIRS grading, age and disease duration but did not correlate with the age of onset or CK level.Conclusion: Here, we found fatty infiltration present in most Chinese DM1 patients with a selective involvement pattern. There is a correlation between the total mean score of fatty infiltration and MIRS grading, age and disease duration.

12.
Trends Biotechnol ; 2020 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31973879

RESUMO

Microbial genomes encode many cryptic and uncharacterized biosynthetic gene clusters (BGCs). Exploiting this unexplored genetic wealth to discover microbial novel natural products (NPs) remains a challenging issue. We review homologous recombination (HR)-based recombineering, mediated by the recombinases RecE/RecT from Rac prophage and Redα/Redß from lambda phage, which has developed into a highly inclusive tool for direct cloning of large DNA up to 100 kb, seamless mutation, multifragment assembly, and heterologous expression of microbial NP BGCs. Its utilization in the refactoring, engineering, and functional expression of long BGCs for NP biosynthesis makes it easy to elucidate NP-producing potential in microbes. This review also highlights various applications of recombineering in NP-derived drug discovery.

13.
J Pharm Biomed Anal ; 179: 113013, 2020 Feb 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31806398

RESUMO

The stems of Mahonia fortunei (MF) are commonly used in Chinese Traditional Medicine and contain multiple bioactive compounds, including 3,4,5-trimethoxyphenol-1-O-ß-d-glucopyranoside (1), 5-hydroxypicolinic acid methyl ester (2), acortatarin A (3), syringic acid (4), 9-epi-acortatarin A (5), vomifoliol (6), corydaldine (7), noroxyhydrastinine (8), columbamine (9), jatrorrhizine (10), palmatine (11), berberine (12) and schisandrin (13). The pharmacokinetics of these 13 compounds in the rat plasma were assessed using a novel sensitive, rapid, and specific UPLC-ESI-MS/MS method after oral administration of an aqueous extract of MF stems. Carbamazepine was employed as the internal standard (IS) and all samples were precipitated with acetonitrile. Chromatographic separation was performed on a C18 column using a gradient elution at 0.3 mL/min, with the mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile and 0.06 % formic acid and 5 mM ammonium acetate aqueous solution. The calibration curves showed satisfactory linearity in the examination area (r2 ≥ 0.99). The accuracy, precision, extraction recovery, matrix effect, and stability were within acceptable ranges. The method successfully assessed the pharmacokinetics of these 13 compounds. In vitro, compound 12 exhibited potent inhibitory activity against production of nitric oxide (NO) in the RAW264.7 cell line when stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS), while compounds 7, 12, and 13 were the most potent inhibitors of NO production in the BV2 cell line when stimulated by LPS. The IC50 values of compounds 7, 12 and 13 were 42.81, 20.55 and 22.74 µM. We conclude that these compounds have promise for clinical application, although their synergistic action may be more effective than that by any single compound alone.

14.
Chemosphere ; 241: 125024, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31604191

RESUMO

Emission of reactive nitrogen species has a major impact on atmospheric chemistry, ecosystem and human health. The origin and formation mechanisms of wet-deposited nitrate are not well understood in Southeast Asia (SEA). In this study, we measured stable isotopes of nitrate (δ15N and δ18O) and chemical compositions of daily rainwater from May 2015 to July 2017 in Singapore. Our results showed that δ15N-NO3- and δ18O-NO3- varied seasonally with higher values during the Inter-monsoon period (April-May and October-November) than during Northeast (December-March) and Southwest monsoon (June-September). Bayesian mixing modeling, which took account of the isotope fractionation, indicated that traffic emission (47 ±â€¯32%) and lightning (19 ±â€¯20%) contributed the most to NO3- with increased traffic contribution (55 ±â€¯37%) in the Northeast monsoon and lightning (24 ±â€¯23%) during the Inter-monsoon period. Biomass burning and coal combustion, likely from transboundary transport, contributed ∼25% of nitrate in the rainwater. Monte Carlo simulation of δ18O-NO3- indicated that oxidation process by hydroxyl radical contributed 65 ±â€¯14% of NO3-, with the rest from hydrolysis of N2O5. Wind speed had large effect on δ18O-NO3- variations in the atmosphere with more involvement of hydroxyl radical reactions when wind speed increased. Our study highlights the key role of isotopic fractionation in nitrate source apportionment, and the influence of meteorological conditions on nitrate formation processes in SEA.

15.
Int J Mol Med ; 45(1): 186-194, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31746354

RESUMO

Senescence of cardiomyocytes is considered a key factor for the occurrence of doxorubicin (Dox)­associated cardiomyopathy. The NOD­like receptor family pyrin domain­containing 3 (NLRP3) inflammasome is reported to be involved in the process of cellular senescence. Furthermore, thioredoxin­interactive protein (TXNIP) is required for NLRP3 inflammasome activation and is considered to be a key component in the regulation of the pathogenesis of senescence. Studies have demonstrated that pretreatment with honokiol (Hnk) can alleviate Dox­induced cardiotoxicity. However, the impact of Hnk on cardiomyocyte senescence elicited by Dox and the underlying mechanisms remain unclear. The present study demonstrated that Hnk was able to prevent Dox­induced senescence of H9c2 cardiomyocytes, indicated by decreased senescence­associated ß­galactosidase (SA­ß­gal) staining, as well as decreased expression of p16INK4A and p21. Hnk also inhibited TXNIP expression and NLRP3 inflammasome activation in Dox­stimulated H9c2 cardiomyocytes. When TXNIP expression was enforced by adenovirus­mediated gene overexpression, the NLRP3 inflammasome was activated, which led to inhibition of the anti­inflammation and anti­senescence effects of Hnk on H9c2 cardiomyocytes under Dox treatment. Furthermore, adenovirus­mediated TXNIP­silencing inhibited the NLRP3 inflammasome. Consistently, TXNIP knockdown enhanced the anti­inflammation and anti­senescence effects of Hnk on H9c2 cardiomyocytes under Dox stimulation. In summary, Hnk was found to be effective in protecting cardiomyocytes against Dox­stimulated senescence. This protective effect was mediated via the inhibition of TXNIP expression and the subsequent suppression of the NLRP3 inflammasome. These results demonstrated that Hnk may be of value as a cardioprotective drug by inhibiting cardiomyocyte senescence.

16.
Microb Biotechnol ; 13(1): 118-133, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30461205

RESUMO

In agricultural production, sustainability is currently one of the most significant concerns. The genetic modification of plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria may provide a novel way to use natural bacteria as microbial inoculants. In this study, the root-colonizing strain Pseudomonas protegens Pf-5 was genetically modified to act as a biocontrol agent and biofertilizer with biological nitrogen fixation activity. Genetic inactivation of retS enhanced the production of 2,4-diacetylphloroglucinol, which contributed for the enhanced antifungal activity. Then, the entire nitrogenase island with native promoter from Pseudomonas stutzeri DSM4166 was introduced into a retS mutant strain for expression. Root colonization patterns assessed via confocal laser scanning microscopy confirmed that GFP-tagged bacterial were mainly located on root surfaces and at the junctions between epidermal root cells. Moreover, under pathogen and N-limited double treatment conditions, the fresh weights of seedlings inoculated with the recombinant retS mutant-nif strain were increased compared with those of the control. In conclusion, this study has innovatively developed an eco-friendly alternative to the agrochemicals that will benefit global plant production significantly.

17.
Biosci Rep ; 40(1)2020 Jan 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31868206

RESUMO

A Chinese family with matrilineally inherited obesity was assessed and its clinical, genetic, and molecular profiling was conducted. Obesity was observed in matrilineal relatives (3 out of 7) of a single generation (of 3 alive generations) in this family. On pedigree analysis and sequencing of their mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA), a novel homoplasmic mutation of the mitochondrial tRNACys gene (5802A>G) was identified in these individuals. This mutation correlated with a destabilized conserved base pair in this tRNA anticodon stem. Position 30 is known to be crucial for carrying out effective codon recognition and stability of tRNA. In accordance with the importance of this conserved site, we observed that the predicted structure of tRNACys with the mutation was noticeably remodeled in a molecular dynamics simulation when compared with the isoform of the wild-type. All other 46 mutations observed in the individual's mtDNA were known variants belonging to haplogroup D4. Thus, this is the first report that provides evidence of the association between a mutation in tRNA and an enhanced risk of maternally transmissible obesity, offering more insights into obesity and its underlying nature.

18.
Biochem Cell Biol ; 2019 Dec 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31800303

RESUMO

Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second leading cause of death in men, and current studies have shown that circular RNAs (circRNAs) play important roles in its occurrence and development. Detection of circRNAs in PCa cells found that circ_KATNAL1 was down-regulated, mainly located in the cytoplasm and contained multiple binding sites of miR-145-3p, an anti-cancer miRNA. RIP detection with anti-AGO2 antibody, RNA pull down assay with biotin-labeled circ_KATNAL1 probe or miR-145-3p mimics, and dual luciferase reporter gene assay confirmed that circ_KATNAL1 directly bound to miR-145-3p in cells, and WISP1, which was highly expressed in many tumors, was an important target gene of miR-145-3p. Circ_KATNAL1 and miR-145-3p promoted each other's expression, and down-regulated the expression of target gene WISP1. Both circ_KATNAL1 and miR-145-3p inhibited cell proliferation, invasion, migration and the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9, promoted cell apoptosis and the activation of Caspase-3, Caspase-8, Caspase-9 and PARP, while WISP1 had the opposite effects, and the above functions of circ_KATNAL1 were performed through the miR-145-3p/WISP1 pathway. Therefore, circ_KATNAL1 plays an anti-cancer role in PCa cells through the miR-145-3p/WISP1 pathway, which may be an important target for the diagnosis and treatment of PCa.

19.
Mol Genet Genomics ; 2019 Dec 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31807910

RESUMO

Kernel weight in a unit volume is referred to as kernel test weight (KTW) that directly reflects maize (Zea mays L.) grain quality. In this study, an inter-mated B73 × Mo17 (IBM) Syn10 doubled haploid (DH) population and an association panel were used to identify loci responsible for KTW of maize across multiple environments. A total of 18 significant KTW-related single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified using genome-wide association study (GWAS); they were closely linked to 12 candidate genes. In the IBM Syn10 DH population, linkage analysis detected 19 common quantitative trait loci (QTL), five of which were repeatedly detected among multiple environments. Several verified genes that regulate maize seed development were found in the confidence intervals of the mapped QTL and the LD regions of GWAS, such as ZmYUC1, BAP2, ZmTCRR-1, dek36 and ZmSWEET4c. Combined QTL mapping and GWAS identified one significant SNP that was co-identified in the both populations. Based on the co-localized SNP across the both populations, 17 candidate genes were identified. Of them, Zm00001d044075, Zm00001d044086, and Zm00001d044081 were further identified by candidate gene association study for KTW. Zm00001d044081 encodes homeobox-leucine zipper protein ATHB-4, which has been demonstrated to control apical embryo development in Arabidopsis. Our findings provided insights into the mechanism underlying maize KTW and contributed to the application of molecular-assisted selection of high KTW breeding in maize.

20.
J Neurol ; 2019 Dec 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31853710

RESUMO

Bcl2-associated athanogene 3 (BAG3) gene mutations cause dilated cardiomyopathy and myofibrillar myopathy. Recently, a novel c.625C>T (p.Pro209Ser) mutation in BAG3 was reported to cause axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease in three families. Here, we describe two patients with adult-onset and moderate CMT in a Chinese family. Nerve conduction velocity studies revealed an axonal sensorimotor neuropathy, which was supported by sural nerve biopsy. Lower limb magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) revealed fatty infiltration more severe in the soleus and deep posterior compartment muscles than in the medial gastrocnemius and anterior compartment muscles. Whole exome sequencing identified the same c.625C>T (p.Pro209Ser) mutation in BAG3, which co-segregated with the CMT disease in this family. This study further enforces the association between BAG3 gene and CMT disease, indicating that BAG3 should be considered in the genetic testing for CMT. The p.Pro209Ser mutation with different ethnic origins might be another hotspot mutation of BAG3. MRI is helpful to detect accurate extent of muscle involvement.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA