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1.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(4): 1352-1360, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33899404

RESUMO

We studied the effects of urease/nitrification inhibitor combinations on urea hydrolysis and nitrification, aiming to screen out the effective inhibitor combinations for black soil and cinnamon soil in Northeast China. Urease inhibitor, N-butyl thiophosphate-triamine (NBPT), and its combination with nitrification inhibitor dicyandiamide (DCD), 3, 4-dimethylpyrazole phosphate (DMPP), 2-chloro-6 (trichloromethyl)-pyridine (CP), 2-amino-4-chloro-6-methylpyrimidine (AM) and 3-methylpyrazole (MP) were added to urea separately. Samples were collected 15 times in each of all the treatments during 125 days. We examined the changes of urea nitrogen, ammo-nium, nitrate, and nitrification inhibition rate in the two soils. Our results showed the hydrolysis of urea in black soil and cinnamon soil was about 7 d, and the addition of NBPT with or without diffe-rent nitrification inhibitors slowed down the hydrolysis to 21 d at least. Compared with the treatment with common urea, inhibitor addition significantly increased soil NH4+-N, decreased soil NO3--N, and maintained the high NH4+-N content in soil for a longer time. In black soil, application with nitrification inhibitor inhibited soil nitrification significantly and lasted for more than 125 d. DMPP and CP combined with NBPT increased the NH4+-N content in black soil by 1.6-1.8 times, while the nitrification inhibition rate was 47.9% and 24.1% at 125 d, respectively. In the cinnamon soil, the application of nitrification inhibitor could prolong the duration of ammonium oxidation from 80 d to 110 d. DCD and DMPP combined with NBPT increased the NH4+-N content in cinnamon soil by 2.1-3.4 times, while the nitrification inhibition rates at 125 d were 25.3% and 23.2%, respectively. Therefore, NBPT+DMPP combination with urea was recommended for utilization in black soil, followed by NBPT+CP. In cinnamon soil, NBPT+DCD combination with urea was recommended, followed by NBPT+DMPP.


Assuntos
Nitrificação , Solo , Afro-Americanos , China , Cinnamomum zeylanicum/metabolismo , Fertilizantes/análise , Humanos , Nitrogênio/análise , Ureia , Urease/metabolismo
2.
Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi ; 29(2): 574-580, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33812433

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the factors affecting the chronicity of childhood primary immune thrombo-cytopenia (ITP) and compare the efficiency of different first-line treatment regimens. METHODS: Children with ITP hospitalized in our hospital from September 2013 to October 2018 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Three hundred and one children (150 males and 151 females) were included in this study, with a median age of 8 (0.17-17) years old, and 110 (36.5%), 92 (30.6%), and 99 (32.9%) cases were grouped into newly diagnosed, persistent, and chronic ITP, respectively. The median of follow-up was 41.92 (1.07-74.03) months. At the end of the follow-up (October 2019), among the 202 newly diagnosed/persistent ITP children, 79 cases (59 newly diagnosed and 20 persistent ITP) achieved remission within 1 year after initial diagnosis, with a remission rate of 39.3%; 122 cases (50 newly diagnosed and 72 persistent ITP) developed chronic disease, with a chronicity rate of 60.7%; one case underwent splenectomy. In 99 cases with chronic ITP, 5 cases underwent splenectomy. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that, the insidious onset of symptoms (OR=3.754, 95%CI: 1.882-7.488, P=0.000) increased the risk of chronicity, while the positive antibody to anti-platelet membrane glycoprotein (OR=0.446, 95%CI: 0.224-0.888, P=0.021) might reduce the risk of chronicity. And no difference was found by the analysis of subtype of anti-platelet membrane glycoprotein (P=0.305). The efficacy of the first-line treatment of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) alone or combined with steroid was better than that of steroid alone (P=0.028, 0.028), however, the efficiency was not significantly different between IVIG alone and combined with steroid (P=0.086). CONCLUSION: Insidious onset of symptoms in pediatric ITP increases the risk of chronicity, while the positive titer of anti-platelet membrane glycoprotein may reduce the risk. In the first-line treatment for the newly diagnosed/persistent children. The efficacy of IVIG alone or combined with steroid is better than that of steroid alone.


Assuntos
Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática , Adolescente , Criança , Criança Hospitalizada , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Esplenectomia
3.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 2021 Apr 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33825162

RESUMO

Fluoride exposure caused anxiety- and depression-like behavior in mice. Meanwhile, exercise contributes to relieve anxiety and depression. However, the effects of exercise on anxiety- and depression-like behavior in fluorosis mice remain unclear. In the current study, thirty-six Institute of Cancer Research (ICR) female mice were randomly assigned to four groups: control group (C, gavage with distilled water); exercise group (E, gavage with distilled water and treadmill exercise (speed, 10 m/min; time, 30 min/day)); fluoride group (F, gavage with 24 mg/kg sodium fluoride (NaF)); and exercise plus fluoride group (EF, gavage with 24 mg/kg NaF and treadmill exercise). All treatments lasted for 8 weeks. A number of entries into and time spent in the open zone in the elevated zero maze (EZM), resting time in the tail suspension test (TST) and levels of serotonin (5-HT) and gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA), were significantly altered in F when compared to C. Meanwhile, the anxiety-like behavior in the EZM and the depression-like behavior in the TST were significantly improved in EF when compared to group F. Exercise significantly enhanced fluoride-induced low GABA level, with less effect on the concentration of 5-HT. Moreover, the mRNA and protein expressions of GABA synthesis and transport-related proteins of glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) 65 and GAD67 and vesicular GABA transporter (VGAT) were all strikingly decreased in F, while those in EF were increased. In conclusion, exercise ameliorates anxiety- and depression-like behavior in fluorosis mice through increasing the expressions of GABA synthesis and transport-related proteins, rather than 5-HT system.

4.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 2021 Mar 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33814427

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Serum uric acid (SUA) affects the reaction of oxidative stress and free radicals in the neurodegenerative processes. However, whether SUA impacts Alzheimer's disease (AD) pathology remains unclear. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to explore whether high SUA levels can aggravate the neurobiological changes of AD in preclinical AD. METHODS: We analyzed cognitively intact participants (n = 839, age 62.16 years) who received SUA and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers (amyloid-ß [Aß], total tau [t-Tau], and phosphorylated tau [p-Tau]) measurements from the Chinese Alzheimer's Biomarker and LifestylE (CABLE) database using multivariable-adjusted linear models. RESULTS: Levels of SUA in the preclinical AD elevated compared with the healthy controls (p = 0.007) and subjects with amyloid pathology had higher concentration of SUA than controls (p = 0.017). Roughly, equivalent levels of SUA displayed among cognitively intact individuals with or without tau pathology and neurodegeneration. CSF Aß1 - 42 (p = 0.019) and Aß1 - 42/Aß1 - 40 (p = 0.027) were decreased and CSF p-Tau/Aß1 - 42 (p = 0.009) and t-Tau/Aß1 - 42 (p = 0.043) were increased with the highest (>  75th percentile) SUA when compared to lowest SUA, implying a high burden of cerebral amyloidosis in individuals with high SUA. Sensitivity analyses using the usual threshold to define hyperuricemia and precluding drug effects yielded robust associations. Nevertheless, the quadratic model did not show any U-shaped relationships between them. CONCLUSION: SUA may aggravate brain amyloid deposition in preclinical AD, which corroborated the detrimental role of SUA.

5.
Neural Regen Res ; 16(11): 2250-2256, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33818509

RESUMO

Tinnitus can be described as the conscious perception of sound without external stimulation, and it is often accompanied by anxiety, depression, and insomnia. Current clinical treatments for tinnitus are ineffective. Although recent studies have indicated that the caudate-putamen nucleus may be a sensory gating area involved in noise elimination in tinnitus, the underlying mechanisms of this disorder are yet to be determined. To investigate the potential role of the caudate-putamen nucleus in experimentally induced tinnitus, we created a rat model of tinnitus induced by intraperitoneal administration of 350 mg/kg sodium salicylate. Our results revealed that the mean spontaneous firing rate of the caudate-putamen nucleus was increased by sodium salicylate treatment, while dopamine levels were decreased. In addition, electrical stimulation of the caudate-putamen nucleus markedly reduced the spontaneous firing rate of neurons in the primary auditory cortex. These findings suggest that the caudate-putamen nucleus plays a sensory gating role in sodium salicylate-induced tinnitus. This study was approved by the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of Peking University Health Science Center (approval No. A2010031) on December 6, 2017.

6.
J Dermatolog Treat ; : 1-9, 2021 Apr 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33896356

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence shows good tolerability in patients for subcutaneous injection volumes up to 3 mL. OBJECTIVES: We investigated efficacy, pharmacokinetics, and tolerability of secukinumab 300 mg/2 mL pre-filled syringe (PFS) in patients with moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. METHODS: ALLURE was a 52-week, multicenter, randomized (1:1:1), double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study. Co-primary endpoints were secukinumab Psoriasis Area Severity Index (PASI) 75 and Investigator's Global Assessment modified 2011 0/1 (IGA mod 2011 0 or 1) responses at week 12 versus placebo. Other endpoints included the Self-Injection Assessment Questionnaire (SIAQ), and the ability to follow the instructions for use (IFU). RESULTS: Overall, 214 patients were randomized. The secukinumab 300 mg/2 mL PFS showed superiority over placebo for both PASI 75 (88.9% versus 1.7%; p<.0001) and IGA mod 2011 0 or 1 (76.4% versus 1.4%; p<.0001) responses at week 12. All secondary efficacy endpoints were met. The SIAQ scores were similar across groups and improved similarly over 12 weeks. All patients completed critical steps in the IFU at week 1. CONCLUSIONS: The secukinumab 300 mg/2 mL PFS groups showed superiority versus placebo, and it was a safe, effective, and convenient option for patients with psoriasis. NCT02748863.

7.
Sci Adv ; 7(17)2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33893088

RESUMO

Thermal boundary conductance is typically positively correlated with interfacial adhesion at the interface. Here, we demonstrate a counterintuitive experimental result in which a weak van der Waals interface can give a higher thermal boundary conductance than a strong covalently bonded interface. This occurs in a system with highly mismatched vibrational frequencies (copper/diamond) modified by a self-assembled monolayer. Using finely controlled fabrication and detailed characterization, complemented by molecular simulation, the effects of bridging the vibrational spectrum mismatch and bonding at the interface are systematically varied and understood from a molecular dynamics viewpoint. The results reveal that the bridging and binding effects have a trade-off relationship and, consequently, that the bridging can overwhelm the binding effect at a highly mismatched interface. This study provides a comprehensive understanding of phonon transport at interfaces, unifying physical and chemical understandings, and allowing interfacial tailoring of the thermal transport in various material systems.

8.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 21(1): 142, 2021 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789567

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The preoperative prediction of post hepatectomy liver failure (PHLF) is essential, but there is no gold standard for the prediction at present, and the efficacy of different methods for the prediction has not been compared systematically. In this study, we aimed to compare the efficacy of preoperative two-dimensional shear wave elastography (2D-SWE), indocyanine green (ICG) clearance test and biomarkers for PHLF prediction in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). METHODS: We retrospectively studied 215 patients with HCC, who had undergone major liver resection in our hospital. Preoperative data of each patient, including liver stiffness value (LSV) of underlying hepatic parenchyma measured by 2D-SWE, ICG retention rate at 15 min (ICG-R15) measured by ICG clearance test, albumin-bilirubin (ALBI) scores, aspartate aminotransferase-platelet ratio index (APRI), and Fibrosis-4 (FIB-4) were collected for analysis. Post hepatectomy outcomes of study patients were also recorded for assessment of PHLF. The study patients were divided into development cohort (133 patients without PHLF, and 17 patients with PHLF) and validation cohort (59 patients without PHLF, and 6 patients with PHLF) randomly. RESULTS: In the development cohort, LSV, ICG-R15 and ALBI scores were significantly different between patients with and without PHLF, while no significant difference of APRI and FIB-4 scores was found. LSV had higher AUC (the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve) (AUC = 0.795) for PHLF prediction than ICG-R15 (AUC = 0.619) and ALBI scores (AUC = 0.686) (p < 0.05 for all comparisons). In the validation cohort, the cutoff value of LSV obtained from the development cohort, 10.35 kPa,  revealed higher specificity (76.3%) for PHLF prediction than ICG-R15 (specificity: 66.1%) and ALBI scores (specificity: 69.5%) (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Compared with ICG-R15, ALBI scores, APRI and FIB-4, LSV measured by 2D-SWE may demonstrate better efficacy for preoperative PHLF prediction in patients with HCC.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33650282

RESUMO

The first observation of surface metallization of TiO2-x induced by fluoride ions is presented. The emerging metallic states are contributed by the 3d orbital of surface Ti and the 2p orbital of surface bridging F, which are intrinsically originated from the strong electron repulsion between F- and adjacent Ti3+ . The metalized TiO2-x with reduced work function and downward band bending possesses high electron-donating power to supported Ru species via atomic-scale ohmic contacts, exhibiting unprecedented photocatalytic performances for ammonia synthesis across the entire solar spectrum region (200-1550 nm) at room temperature. Mechanism and kinetic analysis revealed that the loaded Ru could behave as efficient electron sinks to accumulate photogenerated electrons and that the metallic surface markedly enhanced the dissociation of H2 and N2 by the hot electrons generated by the visible or even infrared light irradiation.

10.
Clin Sci (Lond) ; 135(7): 925-941, 2021 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33786590

RESUMO

Liver diseases present a significant public health burden worldwide. Although the mechanisms of liver diseases are complex, it is generally accepted that inflammation is commonly involved in the pathogenesis. Ongoing inflammatory responses exacerbate liver injury, or even result in fibrosis and cirrhosis. Here we report that roscovitine, a cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor, exerts beneficial effects on acute and chronic liver inflammation as well as fibrosis. Animal models of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)/d-galactosamine- and acute or chronic CCl4-induced liver injury showed that roscovitine administration markedly attenuated liver injury, inflammation and histological damage in LPS/d-galactosamine- and CCl4-induced acute liver injury models, which is consistent with the results in vitro. RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) analysis showed that roscovitine treatment repressed the transcription of a broad set of pro-inflammatory genes involved in many aspects of inflammation, including cytokine production and immune cell proliferation and migration, and inhibited the TGF-ß signaling pathway and the biological process of tissue remodeling. For further validation, the beneficial effect of roscovitine against inflammation was evaluated in chronic CCl4-challenged mice. The anti-inflammation effect of roscovitine was observed in this model, accompanied with reduced liver fibrosis. The anti-fibrotic mechanism involved inhibition of profibrotic genes and blocking of hepatic stellate cell (HSC) activation. Our data show that roscovitine administration protects against liver diseases through inhibition of macrophage inflammatory actions and HSC activation at the onset of liver injury.

11.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(5): 1073-1078, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33787099

RESUMO

The study aiming at exploring the potassium-dissolving capacity of rhizosphere potassium-dissolving bacteria from diffe-rent sources and screen the strains with high potassium-dissolving ability, so as to lay a theoretical foundation for cultivation and quality improvement of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis sources. The rhizosphere soil of 10 wild and transplanted species from Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou provinces was used as the research object. Potassium-dissolving bacteria were isolated and purified, and their potassium-dissolving capacity was determined by flame spectrophotometry, and identified by physiological, biochemical and molecular biological methods. Twenty-six potassium-dissolving bacteria were purified and 13 were obtained from wild and transplanted strains respectively. It was found through the determination of potassium-dissolving capacity that the potassium-dissolving capacity of 26 strains was significantly different, and the mass concentration of K~+ in the fermentation broth were 1.04-2.75 mg·L~(-1), the mcentration of potassium were 0.01-1.82 mg·L~(-1). The strains were identified as Bacillus, Agrobacterium rhizome and Staphylococcus by physiological, biochemical and 16 S rDNA molecular methods, among them Bacillus amylolyticus(4 strains) was the dominant bacterium of Bacillus. The physiology and biochemistry of rhizosphere potassium-dissolving bacteria in P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis rhizosphere were diffe-rent, and the living environment were different, so the potassium-dissolving capacity also changed. Strain Y4-1 with the highest potassium decomposability was Bacillus amylolytic with a potassium increase of 1.82 mg·L~(-1). The potassium-dissolving ability and the distribution of potassium-dissolving bacteria were different in various habitats. The screening of potassium-dissolving bacteria provided a new strain for the preparation of microbial fertilizer. It is expected that B. amyloidococcus Y4-1 can be used as an ideal strain to cultivate mycorrhizal seedlings of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis.


Assuntos
Liliaceae , Rizosfera , China , Paenibacillus , Potássio , Solo
12.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 80(4): 1591-1601, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33720888

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Wealth and income are potential modifiable risk factors for dementia, but whether wealth status, which is composed of a combination of debt and poverty, and assessed by wealth and income, is associated with cognitive impairment among elderly adults remains unknown. OBJECTIVE: To examine the associations of different combinations of debt and poverty with the incidence of dementia and cognitive impairment without dementia (CIND) and to evaluate the mediating role of depression in these relationships. METHODS: We included 15,565 participants aged 51 years or older from the Health and Retirement Study (1992-2012) who were free of CIND and dementia at baseline. Dementia and CIND were assessed using either the modified Telephone Interview for Cognitive Status (mTICS) or a proxy assessment. Cox models with time-dependent covariates and mediation analysis were used. RESULTS: During a median of 14.4 years of follow-up, 4,484 participants experienced CIND and 1,774 were diagnosed with dementia. Both debt and poverty were independently associated with increased dementia and CIND risks, and the risks were augmented when both debt and poverty were present together (the hazard ratios [95% confidence intervals] were 1.35 [1.08-1.70] and 1.96 [1.48-2.60] for CIND and dementia, respectively). The associations between different wealth statuses and cognition were partially (mediation ratio range: 11.8-29.7%) mediated by depression. CONCLUSION: Debt and poverty were associated with an increased risk of dementia and CIND, and these associations were partially mediated by depression. Alleviating poverty and debt may be effective for improving mental health and therefore curbing the risk of cognitive impairment and dementia.

13.
Cell Immunol ; 364: 104343, 2021 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33774556

RESUMO

This study investigated the expression status of signaling lymphocytic activation molecule family 6 (SLAMF6) in CD8+ T lymphocytes of patients with severe aplastic anemia (SAA) and its association with the clinical indicators and immune status of the disease. The effects of SLAMF6 on the function and apoptosis of CD8+ T lymphocytes were also investigated. Levels of SLAMF6 and SLAM-associated protein in the CD8+ T lymphocytes of SAA patients were significantly lower than the normal controls, and they were positively correlated with hematopoietic-related indicators but negatively correlated with the levels of functional molecules of CD8+ T lymphocytes. After blocking SLAMF6, CD8+ T lymphocyte functional molecule secretion was upregulated and RICD was downregulated in SAA patients, suggesting that SLAMF6, is involved in the pathogenetic mechanism of SAA by regulating CD8+ T lymphocyte functional molecule secretion and RICD levels. SLAMF6 may be a novel target for the regulation of CD8+ T lymphocyte homeostasis.

14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33674815

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Evidence regarding the associations of tooth loss and denture use with incident cognitive impairment are inconclusive in older adults, and few prospective studies have examined the potential interaction between tooth loss and denture use in these specific populations. METHODS: Data were assessed from 17,079 cognitively normal older adults aged ≥ 65 years, participating in the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS). The outcome of interest was cognitive impairment (assessed by the Chinese version of Mini-Mental State Examination [MMSE]). The number of natural teeth and status of denture use were collected by a structural questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 6,456 cases of cognitive impairment were recorded during 88,627 person-years of follow-up. We found that compared with participants with 20+ teeth, those with 10-19, 1-9 and 0 teeth had increased risks of incident cognitive impairment (P-trend < 0.001). Participants without dentures also had a higher risk of incident cognitive impairment, compared with those who wore dentures. Effect modification by denture use was observed (P-interaction = 0.010). Specifically, among those without dentures, the adjusted HR (95% CI) for participants with 10-19, 1-9 and 0 teeth were 1.19 (1.08,1.30), 1.28 (1.17,1.39) and 1.28 (1.16,1.41), respectively, as compared to those with 20+ teeth. In contrary, among denture users, detrimental effect was only observed among those with 0 teeth (HR 1.14, 95% CI: 1.16,1.41). CONCLUSIONS: In Chinese older adults, maintaining 20+ teeth is important for cognitive health; denture use would attenuate the detrimental effects of tooth loss, especially for partial tooth loss, on cognitive impairment.

15.
Immun Inflamm Dis ; 2021 Mar 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33657268

RESUMO

Human leukocyte antigen (HLA), also known as human major histocompatibility complex (MHC), is encoded by the HLA gene complex, and is currently known to have the highest gene density and the most polymorphisms among human chromosomal areas. HLA is divided into class I antigens, class II antigens, and class III antigens according to distribution and function. Classical HLA class I antigens include HLA-A, HLA-B, and HLA-C; HLA class II antigens include HLA-DP, HLA-DQ, and HLA-DR; nonclassical HLA class I and II molecules include HLA-F, E, H, X, DN, DO, and DM; and others, such as complement, are class III antigens. HLA is closely related to the body's immune response, regulation, and surveillance and is of great significance in the study of autoimmune diseases, tumor immunity, organ transplantation, and reproductive immunity. HLA is an important research topic that bridges immunology and clinical diseases. With the development of research methods and technologies, there will be more discoveries and broader prospects.

16.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 46(4): 915-922, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33645097

RESUMO

The wild resources of Paris polyphylla var. yunnanensis, a secondary endangered medicinal plant, are severely scarce. Introduction and cultivation can alleviate market demand. To screen phosphatolytic bacteria in the rhizosphere soil of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis and provide data support for the development of high-efficiency microbial fertilizer, in this study, the dilution plate coating method was used to isolate and screen the phosphorus solubilizing bacteria with the ability of mineralizing organic phosphorus from the rhizosphere soil of wild and transplanted varieties of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis in 10 different locations in Yunnan, Sichuan and Guizhou. After separation and purification, the phosphatolytic capacity was analyzed by qualitative and quantitative analysis. Combined with physiological and biochemical experiments, the strains were identified using 16 S rDNA sequencing analysis. Forty one strains were selected from the rhizosphere soil of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis from 10 different habitats. Among them, 21 strains were obtained from the rhizosphere soil of the wild variety P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis and 20 strains were obtained from the rhizosphere soil of the transplanted variety. And significance analysis found that 41 organophosphate solubilizing strains had significant differences in their ability to solubilize phosphorus. The amount of phosphate solubilizing was 0.08-67.61 mg·L~(-1), the pH value was between 4.27 and 6.82. The phosphatolytic amount of strain Y3-5 was 67.61 mg·L~(-1), and the phosphorus increase amount was 57.57 mg·L~(-1). All 41 strains were identified as Gram-positive Bacillus. Combining physiological characteristic and phylogenetic trees, Bacillus mobilis Y3-5 was finally selected as the candidate rhizosphere phosphatolytic bacteria of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis. The distribution of phosphorus solubilizing bacteria in the rhizosphere soil of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis was different, and there were significant diffe-rences in phosphorus solubility. Organophosphate-dissolving strain Y3-5 is expected to be a candidate strain of P. polyphylla var. yunnanensis microbial fertilizer.


Assuntos
Liliaceae , Bacillus , Bactérias/genética , China , Filogenia
18.
Clin Exp Immunol ; 2021 Mar 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33735518

RESUMO

High expression of the inhibitory receptor programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) on tumor cells and tumor stromal cells have been found play a key role in tumor immune evasion in several human malignancies. However, the expression of PD-L1 on bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) and whether the PD-1/PD-L1 signal pathway is involved in the BMSCs versus T cell immune response in Multiple Myeloma (MM) remain poorly defined. In this study, we explored the expression of PD-L1 on BMSCs from newly diagnosed MM (NDMM) patients and the role of PD-1/PD-L1 pathway in BMSCs-mediated regulation of CD8+ T cells. The data showed that the expression of PD-L1 on BMSCs in NDMM patients was significantly increased than that in normal controls(NC)(18.81±1.61% vs. 2.78±0.70 %; P<0.001). Furthermore, the PD-1 expression on CD8+ T cells with NDMM patients was significantly higher than that in normal controls (43.22±2.98% vs. 20.71±1.08%; P<0.001). However, there was no significant difference in PD-1 expression of CD4+ T cells and NK cells between NDMM group and NC group. Additionally, the co-culture assays revealed that BMSCs significantly suppressed CD8+ T cells function. However, PD-L1 inhibitor effectively reversed BMSCs-mediated suppression in CD8+ T cells. We also found that the combination of PD-L1 inhibitor and pomalidomide can further enhance the killing effect of CD8+ T cells on MM cells. In summary, our findings demonstrated that BMSCs in patients with MM may induce apoptosis of CD8+ T cells through the PD-1/PD-L1 axis and inhibit the release of perforin and granzyme B from CD8+ T cells so as to promote the immune escape of MM.

19.
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao ; 32(3): 906-912, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33754556

RESUMO

Excessive application of phosphorus fertilizer leads to high soil available phosphorus content but low phosphorus use efficiency in the main production areas of spring rape in eastern Qinghai. Understanding the effects of phosphorous application rates on the growth, phosphorus absorption, soil phosphorus balance in the field of spring rape could improve nutrient management of spring rape, and benefit for the sustainable development of agriculture in Qinghai-Tibet Plateau. A field experiment was carried out in Huzhu County of Qinghai Province from 2017 to 2018. We mea-sured seed yield, phosphorus uptake and oil content of spring rape under five phosphorous fertilizer rates (0, 30, 60, 90 and 120 kg P2O5·hm-2). In 2017, the seed yield and oil production of spring rape with the rate of 60 kg·hm-2 were significantly higher than that of no phosphorus fertilizer treatment. In contrast, seed yield and oil production did not increase when the phosphorus rate exceeded 60 kg·hm-2 in 2017. Phosphorus rate did not affect seed yield, phosphorus accumulation, and oil production of spring rape in 2018. The phosphorus use efficiency was low in both years, with a mean value of 6.7%. Phosphorus fertilizer application caused phosphorus surplus in soils, which was low when the application rate was less than 60 kg·hm-2. Our results suggest that the rate of 60 kg·hm-2 is suitable for spring rape production in the eastern Qinghai Province.


Assuntos
Fósforo , Estupro , Agricultura , Fertilizantes , Nitrogênio/análise , Fósforo/análise , Solo , Tibet
20.
World J Gastroenterol ; 27(11): 1101-1116, 2021 Mar 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33776376

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: China has a high prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV), but most chronic hepatitis B (CHB) patients do not receive standardized antiviral therapy. There are few relevant reports addressing the outcomes of the large number of CHB patients who do not receive antiviral therapy. AIM: To observe the outcomes of long-term follow-up of patients with CHB without antiviral treatment. METHODS: This study included 362 patients with CHB and 96 with hepatitis B cirrhosis without antiviral treatment and with only liver protection and anti-inflammatory treatment from 1993 to 1998. The median follow-up times were 10 and 7 years, respectively. A total of 203 CHB and 129 hepatitis B cirrhosis patients receiving antiviral therapy were selected as the control groups. The median follow-up times were 8 and 7 years, respectively. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to analyze the cumulative incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), and the Cox regression model was used to analyze the risk factors for HCC. RESULTS: Among the patients in the non-antiviral group, 16.9% had spontaneous decreases in HBV DNA to undetectable levels, and 32.8% showed hepatitis B e antigen (HBeAg) seroconversion. In the antiviral group, 87.2% of patients had undetectable HBV DNA, and 52% showed HBeAg seroconversion. Among CHB and hepatitis B cirrhosis patients, the cumulative incidence rates of HCC were 14.9% and 53.1%, respectively, in the non-antiviral group and were 10.7% and 31.9%, respectively, in the antiviral group. There was no difference between the two groups regarding the CHB patients (P = 0.842), but there was a difference between the groups regarding the hepatitis B cirrhosis patients (P = 0.026). The cumulative incidence rates of HCC were 1.6% and 22.3% (P = 0.022) in the groups with and without spontaneous HBeAg seroconversion, respectively. The incidence rates of HCC among patients with and without spontaneous declines in HBV DNA to undetectable levels were 1.6% and 19.1%, respectively (P = 0.051). There was no difference in the cumulative incidence of HCC between the two groups regarding the patients with drug-resistant CHB (P = 0.119), but there was a significant difference between the two groups regarding the patients with cirrhosis (P = 0.004). The Cox regression model was used for regression of the corrected REACH-B score, which showed that alanine aminotransferase > 400 U/L, history of diabetes, and family history of liver cancer were risk factors for HCC among men aged > 40 years (P < 0.05). Multifactorial analysis showed that a family history of HCC among men was a risk factor for HCC. CONCLUSION: Antiviral therapy and non-antiviral therapy with liver protection and anti-inflammatory therapy can reduce the risk of HCC. Antiviral therapy may mask the spontaneous serological response of some patients during CHB. Therefore, the effect of early antiviral therapy on reducing the incidence of HCC cannot be overestimated.

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