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1.
Pain Ther ; 2021 Feb 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33629263

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Adding adjuvants to local wound infiltration (LWI) provides long analgesic duration with fewer adverse effects. We aimed to compare the clinical effects of nalbuphine and ketorolac as an adjuvant to LWI in patients undergoing open colorectal cancer surgery. METHOD: A total of 126 ASA I-III patients aged ≥ 18 years who were scheduled for open colorectal cancer surgery were included. Patients were randomly assigned to receive LWI using 10 mL 0.75% ropivacaine, with 20 mL normal saline (group R), 10 mg nalbuphine in 1 mL (group RN), or 25 mg ketorolac in 0.8 mL (group RK). Analgesia duration was the primary outcome. The total 48-h postoperative morphine-equivalent consumption and additional rescue analgesia rates were recorded as key secondary outcomes. RESULTS: Among 126 patients randomized, 124 completed the trial. The duration until the first press of the analgesia pump was significantly shorter in group R (median: 320.0 min) compared with group RN (median: 829.5 min) and group RK (median: 820.0 min) (P < 0.001). The median difference in morphine consumption was 113.0 mg for group R vs. group RN (P < 0.001), and 115.5 mg for group R vs. group RK (P < 0.001). The proportion of patients using additional morphine within the first day after surgery in group R showed a higher relative risk (RR) compared with group RN (RR, 3.89; P = 0.001) and group RK (RR, 3.17; P = 0.001). There were no apparent differences between the RN and RK groups in any outcomes, whether in adjusted or unadjusted analysis. CONCLUSIONS: Among patients undergoing open colorectal cancer surgery, both nalbuphine and ketorolac infiltration achieved equally prolonged duration of analgesia and reduced morphine consumption compared with ropivacaine alone after surgery, suggesting that the equivalent analgesic dose of nalbuphine and ketorolac as local anesthetic adjuvants in LWI could have a similar analgesic effect. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ChiCTR1800019209.

2.
Clin Cardiol ; 2021 Feb 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33590897

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fragmented QRS (fQRS) is a marker of local myocardial scar. This study aimed to analyze the relationship between fQRS and coronary collateral circulation (CCC) and evaluate the predictive value of fQRS for long-term clinical outcomes among patients with chronic total occlusion (CTO) and prior myocardial infarction (MI) who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: A total of 862 patients with a definite history of MI who had one CTO coronary artery and underwent PCI between 2013 and 2018 were continuously analyzed. Patients were divided into group A (no Q wave and fQRS, n = 206), group B (fQRS, n = 265), group C (Q wave, n = 391). All patients were followed up for 2 years. RESULTS: The incidence rate of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) in group B was significantly lower than in group C (group B vs. C: 7.2% vs. 11.3%, P = 0.043). The percentage of good CCC was 94.2%, 88.3%, and 82.9% in group A, B, and C (p < .001), respectively. The improvement of cardiac function in group B and A were more significant than in group C. Multivariate Cox regression analysis showed fQRS was an independent protective factor of MACE after PCI within 2 years in CTO patients with prior MI (RR = 0.668, 95% CI [0.422-0.917], p = .001). CONCLUSION: fQRS is an independent protective factor of prognosis in patients with prior MI and one CTO vessel who underwent PCI, presenting with a higher rate of good CCC, less occurrence of MACE, and better heart function than in Q wave patients.

4.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 22, 2021 Jan 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402129

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: An accurate intraoperative prediction of lymph node metastatic risk can help surgeons in choosing precise surgical procedures. We aimed to develop and validate nomograms to intraoperatively predict patterns of regional lymph node (LN) metastasis in patients with esophageal cancer. METHODS: The prediction model was developed in a training cohort consisting of 487 patients diagnosed with esophageal cancer who underwent esophagectomy with complete LN dissection from January 2016 to December 2016. Univariate and multivariable logistic regression were used to identify independent risk factors that were incorporated into a prediction model and used to construct a nomogram. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography reported LN status and was an important comparative factor of clinical usefulness in a validation cohort. Nomogram performance was assessed in terms of calibration, discrimination, and clinical usefulness. An independent validation cohort comprised 206 consecutive patients from January 2017 to December 2017. RESULTS: Univariate analysis and multivariable logistic regression revealed three independent predictors of metastatic regional LNs, three independent predictors of continuous regional LNs, and two independent predictors of skipping regional LNs. Independent predictors were used to build three individualized prediction nomograms. The models showed good calibration and discrimination, with area under the curve (AUC) values of 0.737, 0.738, and 0.707. Application of the nomogram in the validation cohort yielded good calibration and discrimination, with AUC values of 0.728, 0.668, and 0.657. Decision curve analysis demonstrated that the three nomograms were clinically useful in the validation cohort. CONCLUSION: This study presents three nomograms that incorporate clinicopathologic factors, which can be used to facilitate the intraoperative prediction of metastatic regional LN patterns in patients with esophageal cancer.

5.
Cell Rep ; 34(4): 108666, 2021 01 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33503420

RESUMO

Although vaccines against severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) are under development, the antigen epitopes on the virus and their immunogenicity are poorly understood. Here, we simulate the 3D structures and predict the B cell epitopes on the spike (S), envelope (E), membrane (M), and nucleocapsid (N) proteins of SARS-CoV-2 using structure-based approaches and validate epitope immunogenicity by immunizing mice. Almost all 33 predicted epitopes effectively induce antibody production, six of these are immunodominant epitopes in individuals, and 23 are conserved within SARS-CoV-2, SARS-CoV, and bat coronavirus RaTG13. We find that the immunodominant epitopes of individuals with domestic (China) SARS-CoV-2 are different from those of individuals with imported (Europe) SARS-CoV-2, which may be caused by mutations on the S (G614D) and N proteins. Importantly, we find several epitopes on the S protein that elicit neutralizing antibodies against D614 and G614 SARS-CoV-2, which can contribute to vaccine design against coronaviruses.


Assuntos
/imunologia , Epitopos de Linfócito B/imunologia , Glicoproteína da Espícula de Coronavírus/imunologia , Proteínas da Matriz Viral/imunologia , /imunologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Animais , Anticorpos Neutralizantes/imunologia , Anticorpos Antivirais/imunologia , Antígenos Virais/imunologia , /terapia , Criança , Epitopos de Linfócito B/metabolismo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Adulto Jovem
6.
BMC Psychiatry ; 21(1): 62, 2021 Jan 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33509152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Currently, there is increasing awareness of suicide-related behaviors. Mental health services are a key location for assisting people with suicide-related behaviors. However, few studies focused on the evaluation and experience of the mental health care system from families and the medical staff's perspective in China. The study aims to explore parents' and the front-line medical staff's experience of an adolescent with suicide-related behaviors admitted to the psychiatry department of a general hospital in China. DESIGN: Qualitative study was employed in the study. Participants were recruited from a general hospital in China characterized by high levels in the Chinese mental health system. METHODS: Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted exploring their experience and perceptions when an adolescent was admitted to the hospital. The theme analysis method is used for data analysis. RESULTS: Participants expressed dissatisfaction in the psychiatric department. Other barriers in their work were identified, such as the shortage of staff and difficulties in caring or communicating with patients. Besides, the imperfect treatment system also contributes to the low satisfaction of patients and their families. Two themes and six subthemes were identified: 1) staff perceive patients with SRBs as difficult to engage (feelings of helplessness, the need for compassion, challenges of professional self-efficacy, the recommendations to the health care service); 2) parents not satisfied with the existing hospital services (doubt the hospitalization treatment and the advice to the health care service). CONCLUSION: This study found that insufficient staffing and lacking of systematic professional treatment models are the major challenges. We suggest increasing the input of mental health resources to expand and train the mental health service team and establish a complete set of a treatment model for SRBs.

7.
Sci Total Environ ; 753: 141904, 2021 Jan 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32890872

RESUMO

Sick building syndrome (SBS) is a collection of nonspecific syndromes linked with the built environment. The occurrence of SBS is associated with humidity, ventilation, moulds and microbial compounds exposure. However, no study has reported the association between indoor microbiome and SBS. In this study, 308 students were surveyed for SBS symptoms from 21 classrooms of 7 junior high schools from Johor Bahru, Malaysia, and vacuum dust from floor, desks and chairs was collected. High throughput amplicon sequencing (16S rRNA gene and ITS region) and quantitative PCR were conducted to characterize the absolute concentration of bacteria and fungi taxa. In total, 326 bacterial and 255 fungal genera were detected in dust with large compositional variation among classrooms. Also, half of these samples showed low compositional similarity to microbiome data deposited in the public database. The number of observed OTUs in Gammaproteobacteria was positively associated with SBS (p = 0.004). Eight microbial genera were associated with SBS (p < 0.01). Bacterial genera, Rhodomicrobium, Scytonema and Microcoleus, were protectively (negatively) associated with ocular and throat symptoms and tiredness, and Izhakiella and an unclassified genus from Euzebyaceae were positively associated with the throat and ocular symptoms. Three fungal genera, Polychaeton, Gympopus and an unclassified genus from Microbotryaceae, were mainly positively associated with tiredness. The associations differed with our previous study in microbial compounds (endotoxin and ergosterol) and SBS in the same population, in which nasal and dermal symptoms were affected. A higher indoor relative humidity and visible dampness or mould in classrooms were associated with a higher concentration of potential risk bacteria and a lower concentration of potential protective bacteria (p < 0.01). This is the first study to characterize the SBS-associated microorganisms in the indoor environment, revealing complex interactions between microbiome, SBS symptoms and environmental characteristics.


Assuntos
Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados , Microbiota , Síndrome do Edifício Doente , Poluição do Ar em Ambientes Fechados/análise , Humanos , Malásia/epidemiologia , RNA Ribossômico 16S , Instituições Acadêmicas , Síndrome do Edifício Doente/epidemiologia
8.
J Psychiatr Res ; 133: 166-173, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341455

RESUMO

Previous studies showed that blood BDNF levels in mood disorders were reduced. However, little is known about the changes of BDNF and its precursor proBDNF in lymphocytes. In addition, earlier studies using commercial ELISA kits cannot distinguish mature BDNF from proBDNF. We aimed to investigate the change of mBDNF and proBDNF levels in the peripheral blood and their diagnostic value in the mood disorders using a specific Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). Serum mBDNF levels were significantly decreased in major depressive disorder (MDD) (n = 90) and bipolar disorder (BD) (n = 15) groups (P < 0.0001), whereas there was no significant change in suicidal group (n = 14) compared to the control group (n = 96). In the subgroups of MDD, the serum mBDNF level in MDD patients with severe symptoms was significantly lower than that with moderate symptoms (P < 0.05). The serum mBDNF levels in antidepressant-free patients were significantly lower than in antidepressant-treated patients (P < 0.01). Serum mBDNF yielded good diagnostic effectiveness for MDD and BD with sensitivity and specificity around 80-83%. The levels of mBDNF, proBDNF and its receptor sortilin were upregulated in lymphocytes of MDD patients relative to control subjects. Specific ELISA assays for mature BDNF confirmed the reduction of serum mBDNF level in MDD and BD. The measurement of mBDNF level could be a potential diagnostic marker with a cut-off point at 12.4 ng/ml. Upregulations of proBDNF and mBDNF in lymphocytes of MDD patients might be considered as novel pathological biomarkers for MDD.

10.
PLoS One ; 15(12): e0243812, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33351833

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Iron metabolism is essential because it plays regulatory roles in various physiological and pathological processes. Disorders of iron metabolism balance are related to various cancers, including hepatocellular carcinoma. Cancer stem-like cells (CSCs) exert critical effects on chemotherapy failure, cancer metastasis, and subsequent disease recurrence and relapse. However, little is known about how iron metabolism affects liver CSCs. Here, we investigated the expression of transferrin receptor 1 (TFR1) and ferroportin (FPN), two iron importers, and an upstream regulator, iron regulatory protein 2 (IRP2), in liver hepatocellular carcinoma (LIHC) and related CSCs. METHODS: The expression levels of TFR1, FPN and IRP2 were analysed using the GEPIA database. CSCs were derived from parental LIHC cells cultured in serum-free medium. After TFR1 knockdown, ROS accumulation and malignant behaviours were measured. The CCK-8 assay was performed to detect cell viability after TFR1 knockdown and erastin treatment. RESULTS: TFR1 expression was upregulated in LIHC tissue and CSCs derived from LIHC cell lines, prompting us to investigate the roles of TFR1 in regulating CSCs. Knockdown of TFR1 expression decreased iron accumulation and inhibited malignant behaviour. Knockdown of TFR1 expression decreased reactive oxygen species (ROS) accumulation induced by erastin treatment and maintained mitochondrial function, indicating that TFR1 is critical in regulating erastin-induced cell death in CSCs. Additionally, knockdown of TFR1 expression decreased sphere formation by decreasing iron accumulation in CSCs, indicating a potential role for TFR1 in maintaining stemness. CONCLUSION: These findings, which revealed TFR1 as a critical regulator of LIHC CSCs in malignant behaviour and stemness that functions by regulating iron accumulation, may have implications to improve therapeutic approaches.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular/patologia , Ferro/metabolismo , Neoplasias Hepáticas/patologia , Células-Tronco Neoplásicas/patologia , Receptores da Transferrina/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Fenótipo
11.
Zhonghua Nan Ke Xue ; 26(8): 700-707, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33377730

RESUMO

Objective: To discuss the outcomes of ICSI in infertile patients with globozoospermia (GS), acephalic spermatozoa syndrome (ASS) or teratozoospermia with miniacrosome and irregular-headed sperm defect (TMRHS). METHODS: This retrospective study included 3 cases of GS, 3 cases of ASS and 2 cases of TMRHS undergoing ICSI. We analyzed the rates of fertilization, cleavage, blastocyst formation, implantation, clinical pregnancy and live birth in the three groups of patients. RESULTS: The patients of the GS and ASS groups all achieved clinical pregnancies and healthy births, but those of the TMRHS group showed a lower fertilization rate than the other two groups and achieved no clinical pregnancy. CONCLUSIONS: ICSI could achieve successful clinical pregnancy in infertile patients with globozoospermia or acephalic spermatozoa syndrome, but no satisfactory clinical outcome in those with miniacrosome and irregular-headed sperm defect, though it has to be further proved by more studies with larger-sized samples.


Assuntos
Injeções de Esperma Intracitoplásmicas , Teratozoospermia/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Gravidez , Taxa de Gravidez , Estudos Retrospectivos , Espermatozoides/patologia , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Psychiatry Res ; 293: 113471, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33198044

RESUMO

Many studies have identified some abnormalities in gastrointestinal (GI) physiology (e.g., increased intestinal permeability, overall microbiota alterations, and gut infection) in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Furthermore, changes in the intestinal flora may be related to GI and ASD symptom severity. Thus, we decided to systematically review the effects of gut microbial-based interventions on gut microbiota, behavioral symptoms, and GI symptoms in children with ASD. We reviewed current evidence from the Cochrane Library, EBSCO PsycARTICLES, PubMed, Web of Science, and Scope databases up to July 12, 2020. Experimental studies that used gut microbial-based treatments among children with ASD were included. Independent data extraction and quality assessment of studies were conducted according to the PRISMA statement. Finally, we identified 16 articles and found that some interventions (i.e., prebiotic, probiotic, vitamin A supplementation, antibiotics, and fecal microbiota transplantation) could alter the gut microbiota and improve behavioral symptoms and GI symptoms among ASD patients. Our findings highlight that the gut microbiota could be a novel target for ASD patients in the future. However, we only provided suggestive but not conclusive evidence regarding the efficacy of interventions on GI and behavioral symptoms among ASD patients. Additional rigorous trials are needed to evaluate the effects of gut microbial-based treatments and explore potential mechanisms.

14.
Environ Res ; : 110501, 2020 Nov 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33221308

RESUMO

Increasing evidence from the home environment indicates that indoor microbiome exposure is associated with asthma development. However, indoor microbiome composition can be highly diverse and dynamic, and thus current studies fail to produce consistent results. Chinese university dormitories are special high-density dwellings with similar building and occupants characteristics, which facilitate to disentangle the complex interactions between microbes, environmental characteristics and asthma. Settled air dust and floor dust was collected from 87 dormitory rooms in Shanxi University. Bacterial communities were characterized by 16 S rRNA amplicon sequencing. Students (n = 357) were surveyed for asthma symptoms and measured for fractional exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO). Asthma was not associated with the overall bacterial richness but associated with specific phylogenetic classes. Taxa richness and abundance in Clostridia, including Ruminococcus, Blautia, Clostridium and Subdoligranulum, were positively associated with asthma (p < 0.05), and these taxa were mainly derived from the human gut. Taxa richness in Alphaproteobacteria and Actinobacteria were marginally protectively associated with asthma, and these taxa were mainly derived from the outdoor environment. Bacterial richness and abundance were not associated with FeNO levels. Building age was associated with overall bacterial community variation in air and floor dust (p < 0.05), but not associated with the asthma-related microorganisms. Our data shows that taxa from different phylogenetic classes and derived habitats have different health effects, indicating the importance of incorporating phylogenetic and ecological concepts in revealing patterns in the microbiome asthma association analysis.

15.
Regen Biomater ; 7(5): 505-514, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33149939

RESUMO

Various surface bioactivation technology has been confirmed to improve the osteogenic ability of porous titanium (pTi) implants effectively. In this study, a three-layered composite coating, i.e. outer layer of hydroxyapatite (HA), middle layer of loose titanium dioxide (L-TiO2) and inner layer of dense TiO2 (D-TiO2), was fabricated on pTi by a combined processing procedure of pickling, alkali heat (AH), anodic oxidation (AO), electrochemical deposition (ED) and hydrothermal treatment (HT). After soaking in simulated body fluid for 48 h, the surface of the AHAOEDHT-treated pTi was completely covered by a homogeneous apatite layer. Using MC3T3-E1 pro-osteoblasts as cell model, the cell culture revealed that both the pTi without surface treatment and the AHAOEDHT sample could support the attachment, growth and proliferation of the cells. Compared to the pTi sample, the AHAOEDHT one induced higher expressions of osteogenesis-related genes in the cells, including alkaline phosphatase, Type I collagen, osteopontin, osteoclast inhibitor, osteocalcin and zinc finger structure transcription factor. As thus, besides the good corrosion resistance, the HA/L-TiO2/D-TiO2-coated pTi had good osteogenic activity, showing good potential in practical application for bone defect repair.

16.
J Thorac Dis ; 12(10): 6342-6355, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33209473

RESUMO

Background: Indoor environment is complex, with many factors potentially interacting with each other to affect health. However, previous studies have usually focused on effect of a single factor. Assessment of the combined effects of multiple factors can help with understanding the overall health risk. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 2,306 school children in Guangzhou and Shenzhen. Questionnaire data on respiratory symptoms and diseases were collected along with sociodemographic and residential environmental information. A subset of children (N=987) were measured for their lung function. A random forest algorithm was applied to screen the top-ranked indoor environmental exposure variables and to form a composite index for cumulative risk of indoor pollution (CRIP). Logistic regressions were conducted to analyze the independent effect of single indoor environmental risk factors and the combined effect of CRIP on children's respiratory health. Multiple linear regressions were used to examine the independent and combined effects of indoor environmental exposure on lung function. Results: We found that home dampness and molds as well as environmental tobacco smoke (ETS) were significantly and independently associated with increased prevalence of children's respiratory symptoms and diseases and with reduced lung function. A higher CRIP level was significantly associated with increased risk of cough with cold (OR =1.37, 95% CI: 1.05-1.79) and wheeze (OR =2.71, 95% CI: 1.16-6.34). A higher CRIP level was also associated with reduced lung function measured as FVC, FEV1, PEF, FEF25%, FEF25-75% and VC. Conclusions: In children living in the subtropical region of the Pearl River Delta, home dampness and the presence of mold as well as ETS were individual risk factors for children's respiratory health. The composite CRIP index was associated with respiratory symptoms and lung function, suggesting the utility of this index for predicting the combined effects of multiple risk factors.

17.
World J Gastrointest Oncol ; 12(10): 1177-1194, 2020 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33133385

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is one of the most common malignant tumors in China, and the liver is the most common metastatic site in patients with advanced CRC. Hepatectomy is the gold standard treatment for colorectal liver metastases. For patients who cannot undergo radical resection of liver metastases for various reasons, ablation therapy, interventional therapy, and systemic chemotherapy can be used to improve their quality of life and prolong their survival time. AIM: To explore the prognostic factors and treatments of liver metastases of CRC. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on 87 patients with liver metastases from CRC treated at the Liaoning Cancer Hospital and Institute between January 2005 and March 2011. According to different treatments, the patients were divided into the following four groups: Surgical resection group (36 patients); ablation group (23 patients); intervention group (15 patients); and drug group (13 patients). The clinicopathological data and postoperative survival of the four groups were analyzed. The Kaplan-Meier method was used for survival analysis, and the Cox proportional hazards regression model was used for multivariate analysis. RESULTS: The median survival time of the 87 patients was 38.747 ± 3.062 mo, and the 1- and 3-year survival rates were 87.5% and 53.1%, respectively. The Cox proportional hazards model showed that the following factors were independent factors affecting prognosis: The degree of tumor differentiation, the number of metastases, the size of metastases, and whether the metastases are close to great vessels. The results of treatment factor analysis showed that the effect of surgical treatment was better than that of drugs, intervention, or ablation alone, and the median survival time was 48.83 ± 4.36 mo. The drug group had the worst prognosis, with a median survival time of only 13.5 ± 0.7 mo (P < 0.05). For patients with liver metastases of CRC near the great vessels, the median survival time (27.3 mo) of patients undergoing surgical resection was better than that of patients using other treatments (20.6 mo) (P < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Patients with a low degree of primary tumor differentiation, multiple liver metastases (number of tumors > 4), and maximum diameter of liver metastases > 5 cm have a poor prognosis. Among drug therapy, intervention, ablation, and surgical treatment options, surgical treatment is the first choice for liver metastases. When liver metastases are close to great vessels, surgical treatment is significantly better than drug therapy, intervention, and ablation alone.

19.
Am J Ind Med ; 63(12): 1085-1094, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32969041

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: We aimed to provide a quantitative summary of evidence for a relationship between prenatal lead (Pb) exposure and birth weight. METHODS: PubMed and Web of Science databases were searched for eligible epidemiological studies. We transformed findings in eligible studies with different effect-size metrics to standardized regression coefficients, and used fixed-effects or random-effects models to assess the pooled effects of prenatal Pb exposure on birth weight. RESULTS: There was a significant negative association between prenatal Pb exposure and birth weight. Birth weight reduction was associated with elevated lead levels in maternal blood (ß = -0.094; 95% confidence interval [CI]: -0.157 to -0.030) and cord blood (ß = -0.120; 95% CI: -0.239 to -0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This meta-analysis is the first to provide a quantitative assessment of Pb exposure during pregnancy and an increased risk of lower birth weight.

20.
Front Psychiatry ; 11: 651, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32760298

RESUMO

Background: Non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) is prevalent in adolescents and brings a series of serious consequences to their well-being. However, little is known about parents' attitude toward NSSI in Chinese adolescents. The study aims to investigate the parents' attitudes toward and perceptions of adolescents who have engaged in NSSI behaviors, and the impact of NSSI on their parents. Methods: Purposive sampling was used in the study. The biological parents of adolescents with NSSI were recruited from the psychiatric ward of a tertiary hospital in China. Semi-structured interviews were conducted which contained three aspects, that is the history of NSSI, the process of seeking or maintaining help and the impacts on the family. Each interview typically lasted 40-50 min. All of the interviews were audio-recorded. Their responses were analyzed by the thematic analysis. Results: Twenty participants completed the interview, consisting of 16 mothers and 4 fathers. Three themes and eight sub-themes were extracted: (1) the attitudes to children's NSSI behaviors (ignorance, shame, and stereotype); (2) coping strategies of parents (the initial response to adolescents' NSSI, and the way of help-seeking); (3) the impacts on family (altered parenting and communication styles, limited personal lives, and increased psychological pressure). Conclusion: The results showed that parents lack the knowledge about NSSI and its treatment and are suffering great emotional stress. It is recommended to expand the popularization of knowledge of NSSI in adolescents and more interventions adapted to China's sociocultural climate are required for the well-being of parents and NSSI in adolescents.

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