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1.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 97: 432-439, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31883470

RESUMO

As a high mortality disease, Infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus (ISKNV) can cause massive economic damage on mandarin fish farming industry in China, which seriously hindered the development of mandarin fish farming industry. In this research, SWCNTs (single-walled carbon nanotubes) as a candidate for DNA vaccine carrier was vaccinated by immersion (1, 2, 5, 10, 20 mg/L) in juvenile mandarin fish. In muscle, spleen and kidney tissues, the results showed that transcription and expression of MCP gene can be detected in pcDNA-MCP and SWCNTs-pcDNA-MCP groups after bath immunization. The immune response (immune-related genes expression, serum antibody production, enzyme activities and C3 content) was significantly enhanced in fish which vaccinated with SWCNTs-pcDNA-MCP in comparison with those vaccinated with pcDNA-MCP alone. After 14 d challenge, the RPS (relative percentage survival) can be enhanced which using SWCNTs as a carrier in SWCNTs-pcDNA-MCP (82.4%) group at 20 mg/L (the highest vaccine dose) than the naked pcDNA-MCP (54.2%) group. This study reveals that functionalized SWCNTs could be a promising immersion DNA vaccine carrier in aquaculture.

2.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 92: 133-140, 2019 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31173860

RESUMO

Infectious spleen and kidney necrosis virus (ISKNV) cause a high mortality disease which lead to significant economic loss on mandarin fish in China. There is no effective drug or vaccine against this fatal disease at present. Meanwhile, many drugs and vaccines had no effect in many cases account of several impenetrable barriers (cell, skin and gastrointestinal tract). Here we reported an immersion subunit vaccine system (SWCNTs-MCP) encoding MCP gene of ISKNV based on single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNTs). To evaluate its efficacy against ISKNV, we found a stronger and longer duration immune response (serum antibody production, enzyme activities and immune-related genes expression) can be induced in fish vaccinated with SWCNTs-MCP in comparison with those vaccinated with MCP alone. Importantly, SWCNTs can increase the immune protective effect of naked subunit vaccine by ca. 23.8%. Thereby, this study demonstrates that SWCNTs as a promising carrier for subunit vaccine might be used to vaccinate large-scale juvenile mandarin fish by bath administration approach.


Assuntos
Doenças dos Peixes/imunologia , Imunidade Inata , Iridoviridae/imunologia , Nanotubos de Carbono , Perciformes/imunologia , Vacinação/veterinária , Vacinas Virais/imunologia , Animais , Infecções por Vírus de DNA/imunologia , Infecções por Vírus de DNA/veterinária , Vacinas de Subunidades/imunologia
3.
Yi Chuan ; 37(7): 702-10, 2015 07.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26351170

RESUMO

As a key component of life science, bioinformatics has been widely applied in genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics. However, the requirement of high-performance computers rather than common personal computers for constructing a bioinformatics platform significantly limited the application of bioinformatics in aquatic science. In this study, we constructed a bioinformatic analysis platform for aquatic pathogen based on the MilkyWay-2 supercomputer. The platform consisted of three functional modules, including genomic and transcriptomic sequencing data analysis, protein structure prediction, and molecular dynamics simulations. To validate the practicability of the platform, we performed bioinformatic analysis on aquatic pathogenic organisms. For example, genes of Flavobacterium johnsoniae M168 were identified and annotated via Blast searches, GO and InterPro annotations. Protein structural models for five small segments of grass carp reovirus HZ-08 were constructed by homology modeling. Molecular dynamics simulations were performed on out membrane protein A of Aeromonas hydrophila, and the changes of system temperature, total energy, root mean square deviation and conformation of the loops during equilibration were also observed. These results showed that the bioinformatic analysis platform for aquatic pathogen has been successfully built on the MilkyWay-2 supercomputer. This study will provide insights into the construction of bioinformatic analysis platform for other subjects.


Assuntos
Biologia Computacional/métodos , Computadores , Aeromonas hydrophila/química , Animais , Proteínas da Membrana Bacteriana Externa/química , Carpas/virologia , Flavobacterium/genética , Simulação de Dinâmica Molecular , Reoviridae/genética , Proteínas Virais/química
4.
Fish Shellfish Immunol ; 25(5): 459-71, 2008 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18757213

RESUMO

In order to find changes in mortality and immunological variables of Litopenaeus vannamei parents and the filial WSSV-resistant and -susceptible families after infection with WSSV under different experimental conditions, the haemolymph total haemocyte count (THC), phenoloxidase (PO), and superoxide dismutase (SOD) activities were measured at days 0, 1, 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15 after challenge and shrimp mortality was also recorded. When shrimps were challenged with 10(-3) (1.29x10(6)copiesmL(-1)), 10(-4) (1.29x10(5)copiesmL(-1)) or 10(-5) (1.29x10(4)copiesmL(-1)) WSSV stock solution (0.1mLshrimp(-1)), the cumulative mortalities (mean+/-S.E.) on day 15 were 100+/-0%, 79.3+/-1.1%, and 21.7+/-2.3%, respectively. Among shrimps challenged with 10(-4) (1.29x10(5)copiesmL(-1)) WSSV dilution (0.1mLshrimp(-1)), the cumulative mortalities (mean+/-S.E.) on day 15 in high-density (100shrimpsm(-3)), middle-density (50shrimpsm(-3)), and low-density (25shrimpm(-3)) groups were 95.5+/-0%, 84.7+/-0%, and 72.3+/-0%, respectively. The immunological variables including THC, PO, and SOD were decreased significantly at the beginning of infection stage, while these immunological variables for survivors reached almost the similar levels to the non-infection control group on day 15 after challenge with 10(-4) (1.29x10(5)copiesmL(-1)) WSSV dilution (0.1mLshrimp(-1)). Cumulative mortality (mean+/-S.E.) on day 15 in 17 filial families (G(2)) ranged from 13.3+/-1.9% to 100+/-0% when shrimps were challenged with 10(-4) (1.29x10(5)copiesmL(-1)) WSSV dilution (0.1mLshrimp(-1)). Although, the PO and SOD activities for shrimps in the WSSV-resistant family were slightly higher than those in the WSSV-susceptible family at the same sampling time after infection, these differences were not significant (p<0.05).


Assuntos
Infecções por Vírus de DNA/veterinária , Penaeidae/imunologia , Vírus da Síndrome da Mancha Branca 1 , Criação de Animais Domésticos , Animais , Aquicultura , Infecções por Vírus de DNA/imunologia , Infecções por Vírus de DNA/mortalidade , Infecções por Vírus de DNA/virologia , Feminino , Masculino , Penaeidae/classificação , Fatores de Tempo
5.
Bing Du Xue Bao ; 23(5): 412-6, 2007 Sep.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17969861

RESUMO

The major capsid protein of lymphocystis disease virus isolated from Rachycentron canadum (LCDV-rc) was amplified and analysed. The 457bp DNA core fragment was amplified with the degenerate primers designed according to the conserved sequences of MCP gene of iridoviruses, then the flaking sequences adjacent to the core region were amplified by inverse PCR, and the complete sequence was obtained by combining all of them. The open reading frame of the gene is 1380bp in length, encoding a putative protein of 459 aa with molecular weight 51.12 kD and pI 6.87. Constructing the phylogenetic tree for comparing the MCP amino acid of iridoviruses, the results indicated that LCDV-rc is most homologous to the other Lymphocystis viruses and all of them constitute a branch. Accordingly LCDV-rc is identified as Lymphocystivirus.


Assuntos
Proteínas do Capsídeo/genética , Iridoviridae/genética , Perciformes/microbiologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase/métodos , Animais , Sequência de Bases , Iridoviridae/classificação , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Filogenia
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