Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 185
Filtrar
1.
Mol Cancer Res ; 2021 Oct 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34654722

RESUMO

Lymphatic metastasis is a common clinical symptom in nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), the most common EBV-associated head and neck malignancy. However, the effect of EBV on NPC LN metastasis is still unclear. In this study, we demonstrated that EBV infection is strongly associated with advanced clinical N stage and lymphangiogenesis of NPC. We found that NPC cells infected with EBV promote LN metastasis by inducing cancer-associated lymphangiogenesis, whereas these changes were abolished upon clearance of EBV genomes. Mechanistically, EBV-induced VEGF-C contributed to lymphangiogenesis and LN metastasis, and PHLPP1, a target of miR-BART15, partially contributed to AKT/HIF-1a hyperactivity and subsequent VEGF-C transcriptional activation. Additionally, administration of anti-VEGF-C antibody or HIF-1α inhibitors attenuated the lymphangiogenesis and LN metastasis induced by EBV. Finally, we verified the clinical significance of this prometastatic EBV/VEGF-C axis by determining the expression of PHLPP1, AKT, HIF-1a and VEGF-C in NPC specimens with and without EBV. These results uncover a reasonable mechanism for the EBV-modulated LN metastasis microenvironment in NPC, indicating that EBV is a potential therapeutic target for NPC with lymphatic metastasis.

2.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(32): 7708-7716, 2021 Aug 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34355897

RESUMO

NOx emission heavily affects our environment and human health. Photocatalytic denitrification (deNOx) attracted much attention because it is low-cost and nonpolluting, but undesired nitrite and nitrate were produced in reality, instead of harmless N2. Unveiling the active sites and the photocatalytic mechanism is very important to improve the process. Herein, we have employed a combinational scenario to investigate the reaction mechanism of NO2 and H2O on anatase TiO2(101). On the one hand, a polaron-corrected GGA functional (GGA + Lany-Zunger) was applied to improve the description of electronic states in photoassisted processes. On the other hand, a reaction phase diagram (RPD) was established to understand the (quasi) activity trend over both perfect and defective surfaces. It was found that a perfect surface is more active via the Eley-Rideal mechanism without NO2 adsorption, while the activity on defective surfaces is limited by the sluggish recombinative desorption. A photogenerated hole can weaken the OH* adsorption energies and circumvents the scaling relation of the dark reaction, eventually enhancing the deNOx activity significantly. The insights gained from our work indicate that tuning the reactivity by illumination-induced localized charge and diverse reaction pathways are two methods for improving adsorption, dissociation, and desorption processes to go beyond the conventional activity volcano plot limit of dark conditions.


Assuntos
Dióxido de Nitrogênio/química , Titânio/química , Adsorção , Catálise/efeitos da radiação , Cinética , Modelos Químicos , Termodinâmica , Titânio/efeitos da radiação , Raios Ultravioleta , Água/química
3.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 12(29): 6988-6995, 2021 Jul 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34283618

RESUMO

Recently, electrochemical NO reduction (eNORR) to ammonia has attracted enormous research interests due to the dual benefits in ammonia synthesis and denitrification fields. Herein, taking Ag as a model catalyst, we have developed a microkinetic model to rationalize the general selectivity trend of eNORR with varying potential, which has been observed widely in experiments, but not understood well. The model reproduces experiments well, quantitatively describing the selectivity turnover from N2O to NH3 and from NH3 to H2 with more negative potential. The first turnover of selectivity is due to the thermochemical coupling of two NO* limiting the N2O production. The second turnover is attributed to the larger transfer coefficient (ß) of HER than NH3 production. This work reveals how electrode potential regulate the selectivity of eNORR, which is also beneficial to understand the commonly increasing HER selectivity with the decrease of potential in some other electroreduction reactions such as CO2 reduction.

4.
J Hazard Mater ; 419: 126428, 2021 10 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34171665

RESUMO

Chlorinated aromatic compounds are a serious environmental concern because of their widespread occurrence throughout the environment. Although several microorganisms have evolved to gain the ability to degrade chlorinated aromatic compounds and use them as carbon sources, they still cannot meet the diverse needs of pollution remediation. In this study, the degradation pathways for 3-chlorocatechol (3CC) and 4-chlorocatechol (4CC) were successfully reconstructed by the optimization, synthesis, and assembly of functional genes from different strains. The addition of a 13C-labeled substrate and functional analysis of different metabolic modules confirmed that the genetically engineered strains can metabolize chlorocatechol similar to naturally degrading strains. The strain containing either of these artificial pathways can degrade catechol, 3CC, and 4CC completely, although differences in the degradation efficiency may be noted. Proteomic analysis and scanning electron microscopy observation showed that 3CC and 4CC have toxic effects on Escherichia coli, but the engineered bacteria can significantly eliminate these inhibitory effects. As core metabolic pathways for the degradation of chloroaromatics, the two chlorocatechol degradation pathways constructed in this study can be used to construct pollution remediation-engineered bacteria, and the related technologies may be applied to construct complete degradation pathways for complex organic hazardous materials.


Assuntos
Dioxigenases , Escherichia coli , Biodegradação Ambiental , Catecóis , Escherichia coli/genética , Proteômica
5.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(25): e26413, 2021 Jun 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34160428

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lacunar infarction (LI) is the mild type in the classification of ischemic stroke, mostly occurs in the middle-aged and elderly, with mild hemiplegia and partial sensory disorder as the main manifestations. In the treatment of LI, acupuncture is often regarded as dominant therapy in the convalescence period. However, acupuncture for treatment of LI in the recovery period lacks high-quality reports and evidence-based medical evidence. Thus, we aim to evaluate the curative effect and safety of acupuncture for LI objectively. METHODS: Pubmed, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, EBSCO, Springer, China National Knowledge Infrastructure, Chinese Scientific and Technical Journals Database (VIP), Wan-fang Database, Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Chinese Science Citation Database, and other electronic databases will be retrieved from the inception to May, 2021. Randomized controlled trials related to this subject will be searched. The inclusion criteria are established and a detailed literature search strategy is designed through discussion. Article retrieval, screening, excluding repetitive studies, assessment of quality, and data processing will be conducted by 2 reviewers independently using EndNote (X9) and Review Manager (5.3.5). The outcome measures include primary outcome measures (total effective rate, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score, and Fugl-Meyer Assessment score), secondary outcome measures (blood pressure, plasma glucose, and blood lipid), and safety outcome measures. We will perform a meta-analysis, descriptive analysis, and subgroup analysis based on data conditions. RESULTS: The study of total effective rate, National Institute of Health Stroke Scale score, Fugl-Meyer Assessment score, blood pressure, plasma glucose, blood lipid, and adverse effects will provide evidenced outcome for high-quality synthesis and descriptive analysis. CONCLUSION: This systematic review will kindly provide evidence of whether acupuncture is an effective and safe intervention for LI in the recovery period. INPLASY REGISTRATION NUMBER: INPLASY202150060 (DOI:10.37766/inplasy2021.5.0060).


Assuntos
Terapia por Acupuntura/efeitos adversos , Hemiplegia/terapia , Distúrbios Somatossensoriais/terapia , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/métodos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral Lacunar/reabilitação , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Hemiplegia/etiologia , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Metanálise como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Distúrbios Somatossensoriais/etiologia , Reabilitação do Acidente Vascular Cerebral/efeitos adversos , Acidente Vascular Cerebral Lacunar/complicações , Acidente Vascular Cerebral Lacunar/diagnóstico , Revisões Sistemáticas como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
6.
Ecotoxicol Environ Saf ; 220: 112407, 2021 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34119926

RESUMO

2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) and cobalt (Co) contaminants have posed a severe environmental problem in many countries. Phytoremediation is an environmentally friendly technology for the remediation of these contaminants. However, the toxicity of TNT and cobalt limit the efficacy of phytoremediation application. The present research showed that expressing the Acidithiobacillus ferrooxidans single-strand DNA-binding protein gene (AfSSB) can improve the tolerance of Arabidopsis and tall fescue to TNT and cobalt. Compared to control plants, the AfSSB transformed Arabidopsis and tall fescue exhibited enhanced phytoremediation of TNT and cobalt separately contaminated soil and co-contaminated soil. The comet analysis revealed that the AfSSB transformed Arabidopsis suffer reduced DNA damage than control plants under TNT or cobalt exposure. In addition, the proteomic analysis revealed that AfSSB improves TNT and cobalt tolerance by strengthening the reactive superoxide (ROS) scavenging system and the detoxification system. Results presented here serve as strong theoretical support for the phytoremediation potential of organic and metal pollutants mediated by single-strand DNA-binding protein genes. SUMMARIZES: This is the first report that AfSSB enhances phytoremediation of 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene and cobalt separately contaminated and co-contaminated soil.


Assuntos
Cobalto/metabolismo , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/metabolismo , Poluentes do Solo/metabolismo , Trinitrotolueno/metabolismo , Acidithiobacillus/genética , Arabidopsis/genética , Arabidopsis/metabolismo , Biodegradação Ambiental , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Lolium/genética , Lolium/metabolismo , Plantas Geneticamente Modificadas/genética , Proteômica
8.
J Ethnopharmacol ; 272: 113920, 2021 May 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33607200

RESUMO

ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Pinoresinol diglucoside (PDG), the active compound extracted from Eucommia ulmoides, Styrax sp. and Forsythia suspensa, plays the roles in regulating hypertension, inflammation and oxidative stress. AIMS: Considering that hypertension and inflammation has been proved to contribute to cardiac remodeling, we tested the effects of PDG on cardiac hypertrophy (CM). METHODS: Male Sprague Dawley (SD) rats were used to construct hypertrophic rats by partial abdominal aortic constriction (AAC)-surgery. PDG solution (2 mg/ml) was used to treat AAC-induced rats by intraperitoneal injection at low dose (L-PDG, 2.5 mg/kg per day), medium dose (M-PDG, 5 mg/kg per day), and high dose (H-PDG, 7.5 mg/kg per day) for 3 weeks post AAC-surgery. CM was evaluated by the ratio of left ventricular weight to body weight ratio (LVW/BW), left ventricular wall thickness by H&E staining, and collagen content deposit by Masson's staining. Further, isoproterenol (ISO) and phenylephrine (PE) were used to produce cellular models of CM in neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes (NRVMs). PDG pre-treated NRVMs 2 h at low dose (L-PDG, 2.5 µg/ml), medium dose (M-PDG, 5 µg/ml), and high dose (H-PDG, 7.5 µg/ml) for 24 h with or without PE- and ISO-stimulation. CM was evaluated by the expressions of hypertrophic biomarkers. Next, the hypertrophic biomarkers and pro-inflammatory cytokines were measured using quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR), the expressions of protein kinase B (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR)/transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kB) signaling pathway were determined by Western blotting. RESULTS: PDG treatment prevented cardiac histomorphology damages, decreased upregulations of hypertrophic biomarkers, and prevented fibrosis and inflammation after pressure overload resulting from AAC-surgery. Consistently, PDG remarkably inhibited the changes of cardiomyocyte hypertrophic biomarkers and inflammatory responses in cellular models of CM. Interestingly, PDG administration inhibited the activation of AKT/mTOR/NF-kB signaling pathway both in vivo and in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: PDG prevents AAC-induced CM in vivo, PE- and ISO-induced CM in vitro. The AKT/mTOR/NF-kB signaling pathway could be the potential therapeutic target involved in the protection of PDG. These findings provide novel evidence that PDG might be a promising therapeutic strategy for CM.


Assuntos
Cardiomegalia/tratamento farmacológico , Lignanas/farmacocinética , Lignanas/uso terapêutico , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-akt/metabolismo , Transdução de Sinais/efeitos dos fármacos , Serina-Treonina Quinases TOR/metabolismo , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Aorta Abdominal/cirurgia , Cardiomegalia/etiologia , Cardiomegalia/patologia , Constrição Patológica , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Fibrose/prevenção & controle , Inflamação/prevenção & controle , Isoproterenol/toxicidade , Masculino , Miócitos Cardíacos/efeitos dos fármacos , Fenilefrina/toxicidade , Pressão , Cultura Primária de Células , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Remodelação Ventricular/efeitos dos fármacos
9.
Neurochem Res ; 46(5): 1112-1118, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33555527

RESUMO

Immune response plays a vital role in the pathogenesis of neuropathic pain. Immune response-targeted therapy becomes an effective strategy for treating neuropathic pain. Licochalcone A (Lic-A) possesses anti-inflammatory and neuroprotective effects. However, the potential of Lic-A to attenuate neuropathic pain has not been well explored. To investigate the protective effect and evaluate the underlying mechanism of Lic-A against neuropathic pain in a rat model. Chronic constriction injury (CCI) surgery was employed in rats to establish neuropathic pain model. Rats were intraperitoneally administrated with Lic-A (1.25, 2.50 and 5.00 mg/kg) twice daily. Mechanical withdrawal threshold and thermal withdrawal latency were used to evaluate neuropathic pain. After administration, the lumbar spinal cord enlargement of rats was collected for ELISA, Western blot and immunofluorescence analysis. Mechanical withdrawal threshold and thermal withdrawal latency results showed that Lic-A significantly attenuated CCI-evoked neuropathic pain in dose-dependent manner. Lic-A administration also effectively blocked microglia activation. Moreover, Lic-A suppressed p38 phosphorylation and the release of inflammatory factors such as tumor necrosis factor-α, interleukin-1 and interleukin-6. Our findings provide evidence that Lic-A may have the potential to attenuate CCI-evoked neuropathic pain in rats by inhibiting microglia activation and inflammatory response.


Assuntos
Chalconas/uso terapêutico , Inflamação/tratamento farmacológico , Microglia/efeitos dos fármacos , Neuralgia/tratamento farmacológico , Animais , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio/metabolismo , Doença Crônica/tratamento farmacológico , Constrição Patológica , Inflamação/complicações , Interleucina-1beta/metabolismo , Interleucina-6/metabolismo , Masculino , Proteínas dos Microfilamentos/metabolismo , Neuralgia/complicações , Fosforilação/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Nervo Isquiático/lesões , Corno Dorsal da Medula Espinal/efeitos dos fármacos , Corno Dorsal da Medula Espinal/metabolismo , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
10.
Environ Toxicol Pharmacol ; 84: 103604, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33545379

RESUMO

People who drink water contaminated with arsenic for a long time develop neuritis, cerebellar symptoms, and deficits in memory and intellectual function. Arsenic induces oxidative stress and promotes apoptosis through multiple signalling pathways in nerve cells. Neuroglobin (Ngb), as a key mediator, is considered to be protective against oxidative stress. In this study, we aimed to study the effects of Ngb knockdown in arsenite-treated rat neurons on levels of apoptosis markers and reactive oxygen species and serum Ngb levels of subjects from arsenic-endemic regions in China. We discovered that arsenic-induced apoptosis and reactive oxygen species production were enhanced in Ngb-knocked-down rat neurons. Silencing of Ngb aggravated the arsenic-induced decrease in the rate of Bcl-2/Bax and the levels of Bcl-2 protein following arsenite treatment. The results also showed that serum Ngb levels were independently negatively correlated with arsenic concentration in drinking water. Furthermore, the serum Ngb levels of four groups (245 individuals) according to different degree exposure to arsenic were 815.18 ± 89.52, 1247.97 ± 117.18, 774.79 ± 91.55, and 482.72 ± 49.30 pg/mL, respectively. Taken together, it can be deduced that Ngb has protective effects against arsenic-induced apoptosis by eliminating reactive oxygen species.


Assuntos
Arsênio/toxicidade , Neuroglobina/sangue , Neurônios/efeitos dos fármacos , Poluentes Químicos da Água/toxicidade , Idoso , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Arsênio/análise , Células Cultivadas , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neuroglobina/genética , Neurônios/metabolismo , Síndromes Neurotóxicas/sangue , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-bcl-2/metabolismo , RNA Interferente Pequeno/genética , Ratos , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo , Poluentes Químicos da Água/análise
11.
Transl Pediatr ; 10(1): 33-43, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33633935

RESUMO

Background: Postoperative blood coagulation assessment of children with congenital heart disease (CHD) has been developed using a conventional statistical approach. In this study, the machine learning (ML) was used to predict postoperative blood coagulation function of children with CHD, and assess an array of ML models. Methods: This was a retrospective and data mining study. Based on the samples of 1,690 children with CHD, and screening data based on demographic characteristics, conventional coagulation tests (CCTs) and complete blood count (CBC), with a precise data selection process, and the support of data mining and ML algorithms including Decision tree, Naive Bayes, Support Vector Machine (SVM), Adaptive Boost (AdaBoost) and Random Forest model, and explored the best prediction models of postoperative blood coagulation function for children with CHD by models performance measured in the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC), calibration or Lift curves, and further verified the reliability of the models with statistical tests. Results: In primary objective prediction, as decision tree, Naive Bayes, SVM, the AUC of our prediction algorithm was 0.81, 0.82, 0.82, respectively. The accuracy rate of the overall forecast has reached more than 75%. Subsequently, we furtherly build improved models. Among them, the true positive rate of the AdaBoost, Random Forest and SVM prediction models reached more than 80% in the ROC curve. These overall accuracy rate indicated a good classification model. Combined calibration curves and Lift curves, the better fit is the SVM model, which predicted postoperative abnormal coagulation, Lift =2.2, postoperative normal coagulation, Lift =1.8. The statistical results furtherly proved the reliability of ML models. The age, sex, mean corpuscular volume (MCV), mean corpuscular hemoglobin (MCH), mean corpuscular hemoglobin concentration (MCHC), white blood cell count (WBC) and platelet count (PLT) were the key features for predicting the postoperative blood coagulation state of children with CHD. Conclusions: ML technology and data mining algorithms may be used for outcome prediction in children with CHD for postoperative blood coagulation state based on the bulk of clinical data, especially CBC indictors from the real world.

12.
Anal Bioanal Chem ; 413(3): 945-953, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33210177

RESUMO

Fluorophore-antibody conjugates with high photobleaching resistance, high chemical stability, and Fc-specific attachment is a great advantage for immunofluorescence imaging. Here, an Fc-binding protein (Z-domain) carrying a photo-cross-linker (p-benzoylphenylalanine, Bpa) fused with enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP), namely photoactivatable ZBpa-EGFP recombinant, was directly generated using the aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase/suppressor tRNA technique without any further modification. By employing the photoactivatable ZBpa-EGFP, an optimal approach was successfully developed which enabled EGFP to site-selectively and covalently attach to native antibody (IgG) with approximately 90% conjugation efficiency. After characterizing the Fc-specific and covalent manner of the EGFP-photoconjugated antibody, its excellent photobleaching resistance for immunofluorescence imaging was demonstrated in a model study by monitoring the toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) expression in HepG2 cells. The proposed approach here for the preparation of a novel fluorescent antibody is available and reliable, which would play an important role in fluorescence immunoassay, and is expected to be extended to the generation of other biomolecule-photoconjugated antibodies, such as other fluorescent proteins for multiplex immunofluorescence imaging or reporter enzymes for highly sensitive enzyme immunoassays.Graphical abstract.


Assuntos
Proteínas de Fluorescência Verde/química , Fragmentos Fc das Imunoglobulinas/química , Microscopia de Fluorescência/métodos , Anticorpos Monoclonais/química , Citometria de Fluxo , Células Hep G2 , Humanos , Proteínas Recombinantes de Fusão/química
13.
Inorg Chem ; 59(22): 16654-16664, 2020 Nov 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33135414

RESUMO

Transition metal chalcogenide quantum dots (TMC QDs) represent promising light-harvesting antennas because of their fascinating physicochemical properties including quantum confinement effect and suitable energy band structures. However, TMC QDs generally suffer from poor photoactivities and photostability due to deficiency of active sites and ultrafast recombination rate of photoinduced charge carriers. Here, we demonstrate how to rationally arouse the charge transfer kinetic of TMC QDs by close monolayered graphene (GR) encapsulation via a ligand-dominated layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly utilizing oppositely charged TMC QDs and GR nanosheets as the building blocks. The assembly units were spontaneously and intimately integrated in an alternate integration mode, thereby resulting in the multilayered three-dimensional (3D) TMC QDs/GR ensembles. It was unveiled that multifarious photoactivities of TMC QDs/GR nanocomposites toward versatile photoredox organic catalysis including photocatalytic aromatic alcohols oxidation to aldehydes and nitroaromatics reduction to amino derivatives under visible light irradiation are conspicuously boosted because of spatially multilayered monolayered GR encapsulation which are superior to those of TMC QDs counterparts. The substantially enhanced photoactivities of TMC QDs/GR nanocomposites arise from reasons including improved light absorption and enhanced charge separation efficacy because of GR encapsulation together with unique stacking mode between TMC QDs and GR endowed by LbL assembly. Our work would provide a promising and efficacious route to smartly accelerate the charge transfer kinetic of TMC QDs for solar energy conversion.

14.
Int J Clin Exp Pathol ; 13(10): 2455-2473, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33165437

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Breast cancer is still a leading threat to women's lives. Long non-coding RNAs (lncRNA) associated with cancer progression are getting attention. The objective of this study was to investigate the role of lncRNA MAFG-antisense 1 (MAFG-AS1) and mechanisms of action in breast cancer. METHODS: The expression of MAFG-AS1, microRNA-3196 (miR-3196) and transcription factor AP-2 alpha (TFAP2A) was detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR). The cell proliferation was assessed by 3-(4, 5-dimethyl-2-thiazolyl)-2, 5-diphenyl-2-H-tetrazolium bromide (MTT) assay. The number of colonies was observed through colony formation assay. The protein levels of Cyclin D1, Ki67, Bcl-2 associated X protein (Bax), B-cell lymphoma2 (Bcl-2), Hexokinase II (HK2), lactate dehydrogenase A (LDHA), TFAP2A, Janus kinase 2 (JAK2), phosphorylated-JAK2 (p-JAK2), signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3), and phosphorylated-STAT3 were quantified by western blot. The cell apoptosis was monitored using flow cytometry. The glycolysis progression was evaluated according to glucose consumption and lactate production. The relationship between miR-3196 and MAFG-AS1 or TFAP2A was predicted by the online tool starBase and verified by the dual-luciferase reporter assay. The role of MAFG-AS1 in vivo was determined by the tumor formation assay in nude mice. RESULTS: MAFG-AS1 was highly expressed in tumor tissues and cells. MAFG-AS1 knockdown restrained proliferation, colony formation, and glycolysis but promoted apoptosis of breast cancer cells. MiR-3196 was a target of MAFG-AS1, and its inhibition reversed the role of MAFG-AS1 knockdown. TFAP2A was a target of miR-3196, and its overexpression abolished the effects of miR-3196 reintroduction. MAFG-AS1 knockdown suppressed the activity of the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway. Moreover, MAFG-AS1 knockdown reduced tumor growth in vivo. CONCLUSION: MAFG-AS1 knockdown attenuated breast cancer progression in vitro and in vivo through activation of the JAK2/STAT3 signaling pathway by the MAFG-AS1/miR-3196/TFAP2A regulatory axis.

15.
J Phys Chem Lett ; 11(21): 9138-9143, 2020 Nov 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33052672

RESUMO

Atomically precise metal nanoclusters (NCs) have recently been unleashed as novel photosensitizers but inevitably suffer from light-induced self-transformation to metal nanocrystals (NYs), leading to substantially reduced photoredox activities. Herein, we conceptually demonstrate how to manipulate the intrinsic instability of metal NCs for smartly crafting long-range cascade charge transfer chain assisted by an ultrathin poly(dialyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA) layer that was intercalated at the interface of metal NCs and semiconductor. The unidirectional electron flow endowed by Schottky-type self-transformed metal NYs and unexpected electron-withdrawing capability of PDDA layer concurrently foster the charge transfer cascade, resulting in the markedly enhanced net efficiency of photocatalytic hydrogen evolution performances under visible light irradiation. Our work opens new frontiers for judiciously harnessing the inherent detrimental instability of metal NCs for boosted charge transfer toward solar-to-hydrogen conversion.

16.
Zhongguo Ying Yong Sheng Li Xue Za Zhi ; 36(2): 97-100, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32743998

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the therapeutic effects of Radix Angelicae Sinensis (RADA) on airway mucus hypersecretion and the tumor necrosis factor-α/ nuclear factor- κB (TNF-α/NF-κB) signaling pathway in Yin-deficiency asthma mice. Methods: KM mice were randomly divided into control group, model group, ambroxol group and RADA low, medium and high dose (2, 4 and 8 g/kg) group(n=12). Ovalbumin and the thyroid gland were used to replicate the model of Yin-deficiency asthma. Asthma symptoms in mice , immune globulin E (IgE) , TNF-α , and the expressions of Mucin 5ac (Muc5ac) and NF- κB in lung tissue were observed under the intervention of RADA. Results: RADA at the doses of 2,4 and 8 g/kg could alleviate the asthma symptoms of Yin-deficiency asthma mice significantly, reduce the levels of IgE in serum and TNF-α in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF), and inhibite the overexpressions of Muc5ac and NF- κB in lung tissue. Conclusion: RADA has significant anti-asthmatic effect. One of its mechanisms is to inhibit TNF-α/NF- κB signaling pathway and to alleviate airway mucus hypersecretion.


Assuntos
Asma/tratamento farmacológico , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/uso terapêutico , Muco/metabolismo , NF-kappa B , Transdução de Sinais , Animais , Líquido da Lavagem Broncoalveolar , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Ovalbumina , Distribuição Aleatória , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
17.
Biomed Res Int ; 2020: 1946853, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32685448

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate whether chronic unpredictable mild stress (CUMS) affects follicular development in ovaries through the nerve growth factor (NGF)/high affinity nerve growth factor receptor, the Tropomyosin-related kinase A (TrkA) receptor, mediated signaling pathway and to reveal the relationship between chronic stress and premature ovarian insufficiency (POI) development. In this experiment, a CUMS rat model was constructed. It was found that serum estradiol (E2), anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), and gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) levels decreased, while follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) levels increased. The expression of NGF, TrkA, p75, and FSHR in ovarian tissue decreased significantly. The expression levels of TrkA and p75 protein in ovarian stroma and small follicles were observed by an immunofluorescence assay. In addition, the numbers of small follicles were significantly reduced. The expression of TrkA, p75, and FSHR in CUMS ovarian tissue was upregulated by exogenous NGF in vitro. Furthermore, after treatment with NGF combined with FSH, E2 secretion in ovarian tissue culture supernatant of CUMS rats also increased significantly. Therefore, CUMS downregulates NGF and TrkA and promotes the occurrence of POI in rats. Exogenous NGF and FSH can upregulate the NGF receptor, E2, and AMH in vitro, and improve the rat ovarian function. Future studies may associate these results with female population.


Assuntos
Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/psicologia , Receptor de Fator de Crescimento Neural/metabolismo , Estresse Psicológico/complicações , Animais , Hormônio Antimülleriano/sangue , Estradiol/sangue , Feminino , Hormônio Foliculoestimulante/sangue , Hormônio Liberador de Gonadotropina/sangue , Humanos , Folículo Ovariano/metabolismo , Folículo Ovariano/patologia , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/sangue , Insuficiência Ovariana Primária/genética , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Receptor trkA/genética , Receptor trkA/metabolismo , Receptores do FSH/genética , Receptores do FSH/metabolismo , Estresse Psicológico/sangue , Regulação para Cima/genética
18.
Nanoscale ; 12(26): 14037-14046, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32579636

RESUMO

In this paper, we have designed long afterglow luminescent MgGeO3:Mn2+,Yb3+,Li+ (MGO) nanoparticles in the first (NIR-I) and second (NIR-II) biological windows. Yb3+ ions served not only as the trap center to enhance the NIR-I long afterglow emission of Mn2+ at 680 nm, but also as an emitting center to produce a NIR-II long afterglow emission at ∼1000 nm. Furthermore, we have found the addition of Li+ can greatly increase the NIR-II afterglow emission of Yb3+ and the optimal amount of Mn2+, Yb3+ and Li+ was found to be 0.1, 0.5 and 0.5 mol%, respectively. The MGO nanoparticles synthesized using sol-gel methods showed a uniform morphology with a diameter of 50-100 nm, which were suitable for applications in bioimaging. More importantly, we have found MGO nanoparticles can be effectively excited to produce long persistent NIR-I and II luminescence using soft X-rays, suggesting that low dosage soft X-rays can also serve as a more powerful and deep tissue excitation source to recharge MGO nanoparticles. Furthermore, the MGO nanoparticles can also be re-excited to produce photo-stimulated emission under the irradiation of 650 and 808 nm NIR lasers. The in vivo imaging results have shown that MGO nanoparticles modified with folic acid (FA) can effectively realize super long-term targeted in vivo imaging of inflammation with a high sensitivity via recharging using soft X-rays and NIR lasers, which can provide not only an accurate diagnosis of inflammation, but also long-term monitoring of possible changes in the focus of inflammation in real time.


Assuntos
Luminescência , Nanopartículas , Íons , Radiografia , Raios X
19.
Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke Za Zhi ; 22(5): 505-511, 2020 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32434649

RESUMO

In order to clearly define the features of Shwachman-Diamond syndrome (SDS) in Chinese children, this article analyzes and summarizes the epidemiology, clinical features, and key points in the diagnosis and treatment of SDS in Chinese children with review of the clinical data of 27 children with SDS from related articles published previously. A comparative analysis was made between the Chinese and international data related to childhood SDS. The results showed a male/female ratio of about 2:1 in the Chinese children with SDS, with an age of onset of <1 month to 5 years (median 1 month) and an age of 3 months to 12 years (median 12 months) at the time of confirmed diagnosis. Reductions in peripheral blood cells due to myelopoiesis inhibition were observed in all 27 children with SDS, among whom 93% had neutropenia. Chronic diarrhea (85%), liver damage (78%), and short stature (83%) were the three main clinical features of SDS. Supplementation of pancreatin and component blood transfusion may temporarily alleviate the disease, while allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is still an effective radical treatment. The comparative analysis of the Chinese and oversea data showed that compared with those in the European and American countries, the children with SDS in China had significantly higher incidence rates of chronic diarrhea, reductions in peripheral blood cells (three lineages), and liver damage, and there were also differences in the type of mutant genes.


Assuntos
Síndrome de Shwachman-Diamond , Criança , China , Insuficiência Pancreática Exócrina , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neutropenia , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Environ Res ; 186: 109506, 2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32315827

RESUMO

Although the harmful effects of arsenic exposure on the cardiovascular system have received great attention, there is still no effective treatment. Vascular endothelial dysfunction (VED) is the initial step of cardiovascular diseases, where pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) plays an important role in maintaining endothelial function. Here, we explored the protective role of PEDF in VED induced by arsenic, and its underlying molecular mechanism, designing an in vivo rat model of arsenic exposure recovery and in vitro endothelial EA. hy926 cell-based assays. The edema of aortic endothelial cells in rats significantly improved during recovery from arsenite exposure compared with rats exposed to 10 and 50 mg/L arsenite continuously. In addition, serum levels of nitric oxide (NO), von Willebrand factor, and nitric oxide synthase (inducible and total activities) in rats, which were greatly affected by arsenite exposure, returned to levels similar to those in the control group after recovery with distilled water. The recovery from arsenite exposure was associated with increased levels of PEDF; decreased protein levels of Fas, FasL, P53, and phospho-p38; and inhibited apoptosis in aortic endothelial cells in vivo. Recombinant human PEDF treatment (100 nM) prevented the toxic effects of arsenite (50 µM) on endothelial cells in vitro by increasing NO content, decreasing reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels, and inhibiting apoptosis, as well as increasing cell viability and decreasing levels of P53 and phospho-p38. Our findings suggest that PEDF protects endothelial cells from arsenic-induced VED by increasing NO release and inhibiting apoptosis, where P53 and p38MAPK are its main targets.


Assuntos
Arsênio , Serpinas , Animais , Arsênio/toxicidade , Células Cultivadas , Células Endoteliais , Proteínas do Olho , Humanos , Fatores de Crescimento Neural , Ratos
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...