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1.
Bioorg Chem ; 105: 104388, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33130343

RESUMO

A phytochemical investigation on the stems and leaves of Wikstroemia chuii resulted in the isolation of three new daphnane diterpenes, wikstroechuins A-C (1-3), together with eight known analogues (4-11). The structures of new daphnane diterpenes (1-3) were determined on the basis of extensive spectroscopic methods and the known daphnane diterpenes (4-11) were identified by comparing their observable spectroscopic data with those reported spectral data in the literature. The anti-inflammatory effects as well as anti-HIV activities in vitro of all isolated daphnane diterpenes 1-11 were assessed. As a consequence, daphnane diterpenes 1-11 displayed remarkable inhibitory activities on NO (nitric oxide) production induced by lipopolysaccharide in mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 cells showing IC50 values in the range of 0.12 ± 0.03 to 10.58 ± 0.16 µM. Meanwhile, daphnane diterpenes 1-11 displayed significant anti-HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) effects showing EC50 values ranging from 0.09509 to 8.62356 µM. These research results indicated that the discovery of these new daphnane diterpenes with remarkable anti-inflammatory and anti-HIV activities from W. chuii, especially these new ones, could be extremely meaningful to the discovery of new anti-inflammatory agents and anti-HIV drugs as well as their potential practical values in the health and pharmaceutical products.

2.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(44): 12326-12335, 2020 Nov 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33107299

RESUMO

Toona sinensis, popularly known as Chinese toon or Chinese mahogany, is a perennial deciduous arbor belonging to the genus Toona in the Meliaceae family, which is widely distributed and cultivated in eastern and southeastern Asia. Its fresh young leaves and buds have been consumed as a very popular nutritious vegetable in China and confirmed to display a wide variety of biological activities. To investigate the chemical constituents and their potential health benefits from the fresh young leaves and buds of T. sinensis, a phytochemical study on its fresh young leaves and buds was therefore undertaken. In our current investigation, 16 limonoids (1-16), including four new limonoids, toonasinenoids A-D (1-4), and a new naturally occurring limonoid, toonasinenoid E (5), were isolated and characterized from the fresh young leaves and buds of T. sinensis. The chemical structures and absolute configurations of limonoids 1-5 were elucidated by comprehensive spectroscopic data analyses. All known limonoids (6-16) were identified via comparing their experimental spectral data containing mass spectrometry data, 1H and 13C nuclear magnetic resonance data, and optical rotation values to the data reported in the literature. All known limonoids (6-16) were isolated from T. sinensis for the first time. Furthermore, the neuroprotective effects of all isolated limonoids 1-16 against 6-hydroxydopamine-induced cell death in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells were assessed in vitro. Limonoids 1-16 exhibited notable neuroprotective activities, with EC50 values in the range from 0.27 ± 0.03 to 17.28 ± 0.16 µM. These results suggest that regular consumption of the fresh young leaves and buds of T. sinensis might prevent the occurrence and development of Parkinson's disease (PD). Moreover, the isolation and characterization of these limonoids that exhibit notable neuroprotective activities from the fresh young leaves and buds of T. sinensis could be very significant for researching and developing new neuroprotective drugs used for the prevention and treatment of PD.

3.
Bioorg Chem ; 102: 104101, 2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32721778

RESUMO

Three new carbazole alkaloids, zanthoaustrones A-C (1-3), as well as nine known compounds 4-12, were isolated and characterized from the roots of Zanthoxylum austrosinense Huang (Rutaceae). Their chemical structures were elucidated on the basis of extensive and comprehensive spectroscopic methods, while the known alkaloids were identified by the comparison of their observed spectroscopic data including NMR data, MS data and optical rotation values with the data described in the literature. Furthermore, the antiproliferative activities as well as the anti-inflammatory effects of all isolated alkaloids in vitro were evaluated. All obtained alkaloids 1-12 displayed notable antiproliferative activities against diverse human cancer cell lines exhibiting IC50 values in range of 0.85 ± 0.06 to 29.56 ± 0.17 µM, which is equivalent to the positive control (cisplatin) showing IC50 values ranging from 1.58 ± 0.09 to 28.69 ± 0.21 µM. Moreover, compounds 1-12 exhibited pronounced inhibitory activities on nitric oxide (NO) production with IC50 values displaying IC50 values in range of 0.89 ± 0.05 to 9.62 ± 0.15 µM, which is comparable to the positive control (hydrocortisone) holding an IC50 value of 4.06 ± 0.11 µM. These findings indicate that the separation and characterization of these alkaloids displaying significant antiproliferative activities together with anti-inflammatory effects from the roots of Z. austrosinense could be meaningful to the research and development of new anti-cancer drugs as well as anti-inflammatory agents.

4.
Bioorg Chem ; 101: 104030, 2020 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32615467

RESUMO

Two new prenylated chromones, artoheterophines A (1) and B (2), five known prenylated chromones (3-7), as well as five known biogenetically related prenylated flavonoids (8-12) were isolated and characterized from the stems and leaves of A. heterophyllus. Their chemical structures were unambiguously determined through comprehensive spectral data analyses. The antiproliferative and anti-inflammatory effects of all these isolated prenylated chromones and flavonoids were evaluated in vitro. As a result, compounds 1-12 showed notable inhibitory effects against various human cancer cell lines with IC50 values ranging from 0.36 ± 0.02 to 22.09 ± 0.16 µM. Meanwhile, compounds 1-12 exhibited significant inhibitory activities on nitric oxide (NO) production holding IC50 values in the range of 0.48 ± 0.05-19.87 ± 0.21 µM. These research results suggest that the isolation and characterization of these prenylated chromones (1-7) and flavonoids (8-12) holding significant antiproliferative and anti-inflammatory activities could be significant to the discovery and development of new natural anti-tumor and anti-inflammatory drugs. The findings also provides a phytochemical evidence for further development and utilization of the stems and leaves of A. heterophyllus in health and pharmaceutical products.

5.
Bioorg Chem ; 97: 103699, 2020 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32146173

RESUMO

The phytochemical study on the stems of Clausena lenis resulted in the isolation of three new prenylated coumarins, clauselenins A-C (1-3), together with nine known prenylated coumarins (4-12). The chemical structures of new prenylated coumarins (1-3) were elucidated by means of comprehensive spectral analyses and the known compounds (4-12) were determined by means of comparing their experimental spectral data with those described data in the literatures. All isolated prenylated coumarins were assessed for their anti-inflammatory effects together with anti-HIV activities in vitro. Prenylated coumarins 1-12 displayed remarkable inhibitory effects against nitric oxide (NO) production induced by lipopolysaccharide in mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 cells in vitro with the IC50 values which are comparable to hydrocortisone. Meanwhile, prenylated coumarins 1-12 exhibited considerable anti-HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (RT) activities possessing EC50 values in the range of 0.17-9.08 µM. These findings indicate that the isolation and identification of these prenylated coumarins with pronounced anti-inflammatory effects as well as anti-HIV activities separated from the stems of C. lenis could be of great significance to the development of new anti-inflammatory and anti-HIV agents and their potential applications in the pharmaceutical industry.

6.
J Agric Food Chem ; 68(7): 2024-2030, 2020 Feb 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32037814

RESUMO

Artocarpus heterophyllus (jack tree) is an evergreen fruit tree belonging to the genus Artocarpus (Moraceae), which is widely distributed in subtropical and tropical regions of Asia. Its fruits (jackfruit), well-known as the world's largest tree-borne fruit, are being consumed in our daily diets as a very popular tropical fruit throughout the world and have been confirmed to hold various health benefits. In this study, five new prenylated chromones, artocarheterones A-E (1-5), as well as seven known prenylated chromones (6-12) were purified and isolated from the ripe fruits of A. heterophyllus (jackfruit). Their chemical structures were determined through comprehensive spectroscopic methods. This is the first report on prenylated chromones isolated from A. heterophyllus. The anti-HIV-1 effects of all isolated chromones were assessed in vitro. As a result, prenylated chromones (1-12) showed remarkable anti-HIV-1 effects with EC50 values ranging from 0.09 to 9.72 µM. These research results indicate that the isolation and characterization of these prenylated chromones with remarkable anti-HIV-1 activities from the ripe fruits of A. heterophyllus could be significant to the discovery and development of new anti-HIV-1 drugs.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/química , Fármacos Anti-HIV/farmacologia , Artocarpus/química , Cromonas/química , Cromonas/farmacologia , Extratos Vegetais/química , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Frutas/química , HIV-1/efeitos dos fármacos , HIV-1/fisiologia , Estrutura Molecular , Prenilação
7.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(24): 3499-3505, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30931625

RESUMO

The investigation on the stems and leaves of Clausena sanki led to the isolation of a previously undescribed bisabolane sesquiterpene, clausemargic A (1), together with six known analogues (2-7). The structure of 1 was elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods and the known compounds were identified by comparisons with data reported in the literature. All known compounds (2-7) were isolated from C. sanki for the first time. All isolated compounds were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory activities via examining the inhibitory activity on nitric oxide (NO) production induced by lipopolysaccharide in mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 cells in vitro. Compounds 1-7 showed significant inhibitory activities with IC50 values comparable to that of hydrocortisone.

8.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(12): 1687-1693, 2020 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30449168

RESUMO

A new naturally occurring trinoreudesmane sesquiterpene, artahongkongol A (1), together with seven known eudesmane sesquiterpenes (2-8), was isolated from the stems and leaves of Artabotrys hongkongensis Hance. Among them, 1 is a rare trinoreudesmane sesquiterpene containing 12 carbon atoms on the carbon skeleton. All known compounds (2-8) were isolated from the genus Artabotrys for the first time. The structure of 1 was elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods and the known compounds were identified by comparisons with data reported in the literature. All isolated compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxicities against five human cancer cell lines: HL-60, SMMC-7721, A-549, MCF-7 and SW480 in vitro. Compounds 1-8 showed significant inhibitory effects against various human cancer cell lines with IC50 values ranging from 0.57 to 15.68 µM.


Assuntos
Annonaceae/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Sesquiterpenos de Eudesmano/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Estrutura Molecular , Folhas de Planta/química , Caules de Planta/química , Sesquiterpenos de Eudesmano/química , Sesquiterpenos de Eudesmano/farmacologia
9.
Nat Prod Res ; 34(16): 2295-2300, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30580576

RESUMO

A phytochemical investigation on the stems of Mappianthus iodoides led to the isolation of a new naturally occurring prenylated isoflavone, mappianthone A (1), together with seven known analogues (2-8). The structure of 1 was elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods and the known compounds were identified by comparison with data reported in the literature. All isolated compounds were evaluated for their antiproliferative activities against five human cancer cell lines: HL-60, SMMC-7721, A-549, MCF-7 and SW480 in vitro. Compounds 1-8 showed significant antiproliferative effects against several human cancer cell lines with IC50 values ranging from 0.16 to 12.68 µM. [Formula: see text].


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Isoflavonas/farmacologia , Magnoliopsida/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Humanos , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Isoflavonas/química , Isoflavonas/isolamento & purificação , Estrutura Molecular , Compostos Fitoquímicos/análise , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Prenilação
10.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(43): 11942-11947, 2019 Oct 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31622090

RESUMO

Manilkara zapota, usually known as Sapodilla, is a fairly slow-growing evergreen tropical tree which belongs to the genus Manilkara (Sapotaceae), indigenous to Central America, southern Mexico, and the Caribbean. The ripe fruits of M. zapota have been widely consumed as an uniquely flavored tropical fruit and verified to hold a variety of health benefits. In order to investigate the potential health-promoting chemical compositions from the fruits of M. zapota cultivated in Hainan Island of China, a systematic and in-depth phytochemical study on this fruit was accordingly implemented. In our current study, three new prenylated coumarins, manizapotins A-C (1-3), together with seven known prenylated coumarins (4-10), were separated from the fruits of M. zapota. The chemical structures of new prenylated coumarins 1-3 were unambiguously established by means of comprehensive spectroscopic analyses, and the known compounds 4-10 were determined by comparing their experimental spectral data with those described data in the literature. This is the first time to discover prenylated coumarins occurring in M. zapota. The potential anti-inflammatory effects and anti-HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) activities of all these separated prenylated coumarins were assessed. Prenylated coumarins 1-10 dispalyed remarkable inhibitory effects against nitric oxide production induced by lipopolysaccharide in mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 cells with the IC50 values equivalent to that of hydrocortisone in vitro. Meanwhile, prenylated coumarins 1-10 exhibited pronounced anti-HIV-1 reverse transcriptase activities with the EC50 values in range of 0.12-8.69 µM. These results suggest that appropriate and reasonable consumption of the fruits of M. zapota might assist people to prevent and reduce the occurrence of inflammatory diseases together with the infection of HIV. Furthermore, the discovery of these prenylated coumarins from the fruits of M. zapota holding pronounced anti-inflammatory effects along with anti-HIV activities could be of great significance to the research and development of new natural anti-inflammatory and anti-HIV agents.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/química , Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Cumarínicos/química , Manilkara/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Animais , Fármacos Anti-HIV/isolamento & purificação , Fármacos Anti-HIV/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , China , Cumarínicos/isolamento & purificação , Cumarínicos/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Transcriptase Reversa do HIV/antagonistas & inibidores , Transcriptase Reversa do HIV/metabolismo , HIV-1/efeitos dos fármacos , HIV-1/enzimologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Extratos Vegetais/isolamento & purificação , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Prenilação , Células RAW 264.7
11.
Nat Prod Res ; : 1-8, 2019 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31523980

RESUMO

The investigation on the stems and leaves of Clausena lenis led to the isolation of a previously undescribed carbazole alkaloid, clausenalenine A (1), along with seven known analogues (2-8). The structure of 1 was elucidated based on comprehensive spectroscopic analyses and the known compounds were identified by comparisons with data reported in the literatures. All known compounds (2-8) were isolated from C. lenis for the first time. All isolated compounds were evaluated for their neuroprotective activities against 6-hydroxydopamine induced cell death in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells in vitro. Compounds 1-8 showed significant neuroprotective effects with EC50 values ranging from 0.68 to 18.76 µM.

12.
Bioorg Chem ; 92: 103278, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31541802

RESUMO

Clausena lansium (Lour.) Skeels is an evergreen small tree or shrub with great economic value, which belongs to the genus Clausena of the Rutaceae family. C. lansium is indigenous to Southern China, while currently widely cultivated in subtropical and tropical regions not only for the nutritional value and pharmacological uses of its fruits but also as a medicinal and ornamental plant. In this study, a systematic phytochemical study on the stems and leaves of C. lansium caused the separation and identification of two new geranylated carbazole alkaloids, clauselansiumines A (1) and B (2), as well as 10 known geranylated carbazole alkaloids (3-12). The chemical structures of these isolated geranylated carbazole alkaloids (1-12) were unambiguously determined based on comprehensive spectral data analyses. All these isolated geranylated carbazole alkaloids were tested for their neuroprotective effects against 6-hydroxydopamine induced cell death in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells in vitro. Compounds 1-12 displayed remarkable neuroprotective effects holding the EC50 values ranging from 0.48 ±â€¯0.04 to 12.36 ±â€¯0.16 µM. These research results disclosed that the separation and purification of these geranylated carbazole alkaloids possessing remarkable neuroprotective effects separated from C. lansium could be extremely important to the discovery of new agents for the treatment and prevention for Parkinson's disease.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Clausena/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia , Alcaloides/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Carbazóis/química , Carbazóis/isolamento & purificação , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/isolamento & purificação , Folhas de Planta/química , Caules de Planta/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Células Tumorais Cultivadas
13.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(10): 2096-2101, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31355567

RESUMO

The chemical constituents from the stems and leaves of Clausena emarginata were separated and purified by column chromatographies on silica gel,ODS,Sephadex LH-20,and PR-HPLC. The structures of the isolated compounds were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectroscopic analysis,as well as comparisons with the data reported in the literature. Sixteen compounds were isolated from the 90% ethanol extract of the stems and leaves of C. emarginata,which were identified as siamenol( 1),murrastanine A( 2),3-formyl-1,6-dimethoxycarbazole( 3),3-methoxymethylcarbazole( 4),3-methylcarbazole( 5),murrayafoline A( 6),3-formylcarbazole( 7),3-formyl-1-hydroxycarbazole( 8),3-formyl-6-methoxycarbazole( 9),murrayanine( 10),murrayacine( 11),girinimbine( 12),nordentatin( 13),chalepin( 14),8-hydroxy-6-methoxy-3-pentylisocoumarin( 15) and ethyl orsellinate( 16). Compounds 1-4,14-16 were isolated from C. emarginata for the first time. Among them,compounds 1,2,15 and 16 were isolated from the genus Clausena for the first time. All isolated compounds were evaluated for their cytotoxic activities against five human cancer cell lines: HL-60,SMMC-7721,A-549,MCF-7 and SW480 in vitro. Compounds 12 and 14 showed significant inhibitory effects against various human cancer cell lines with IC_(50) values comparable to those of doxorubicin.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Clausena/química , Compostos Fitoquímicos/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Doxorrubicina , Humanos , Compostos Fitoquímicos/isolamento & purificação , Folhas de Planta/química , Caules de Planta/química
14.
Bioorg Chem ; 91: 103107, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31344516

RESUMO

Twelve prenylated carbazole alkaloids, containing a novel prenylated carbazole alkaloid, named as clausevestine (1), and 11 known prenylated carbazole alkaloids (2-12), were isolated and identified from the stems and leaves of Clausena vestita, which is a Chinese endemic plant. The chemical structure of 1 was established by means of comprehensive spectroscopic data analyses and the known compounds were determined via comparing their NMR and MS data as well as optical rotation values with those reported in literature. Especially, clausevestine (1) is an unusual prenylated carbazole alkaloid possessing an unprecedented carbon skeleton holding 20 carbon atoms. The anti-inflammatory effects and antiproliferative activities of those isolated prenylated carbazole alkaloids were tested. Prenylated carbazole alkaloids 1-12 displayed remarkable inhibitory effects on NO (nitric oxide) production with IC50 values equivalent to that of the positive control (hydrocortisone). Meanwhile, prenylated carbazole alkaloids 1-12 exhibited remarkable antiproliferative activities against diverse human cancer cell lines in vitro holding the IC50 values ranging from 0.32 ±â€¯0.04 to 18.76 ±â€¯0.18 µM. These findings indicate that these prenylated carbazole alkaloids possessing remarkable anti-inflammatory effects and antiproliferative activities could be meaningful to the discovery of new anti-inflammatory and anti-tumor candidate drugs.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/farmacologia , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Clausena/química , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Alcaloides/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/química , Antineoplásicos Fitogênicos/isolamento & purificação , Carbazóis/química , Carbazóis/isolamento & purificação , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Ensaios de Seleção de Medicamentos Antitumorais , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Estrutura Molecular , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Folhas de Planta/química , Células RAW 264.7 , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
15.
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi ; 44(9): 1836-1841, 2019 May.
Artigo em Chinês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31342710

RESUMO

The chemical constituents from the fruiting bodies of Tremella sanguinea were separated and purified by column chromatography on silica gel,ODS,Sephadex LH-20,and RP-HPLC. The structures of the isolated compounds were identified on the basis of physicochemical properties and spectroscopic data analysis,as well as comparisons with the data reported in the literature. Sixteen compounds were isolated from the 90% ethanol extract of the fruiting bodies of T. sanguinea,which were identified as( 22 E)-5α,8α-epidioxy-24-methyl-cholesta-6,9( 11),22-trien-3ß-ol( 1),( 22 E)-5α,8α-epidioxyergosta-6,22-dien-3ß-ol( 2),cerevisterol( 3),ergosta-7-ene-3ß,5α,6ß-triol( 4),( 22 E)-6ß-methoxyergosta-7,22-diene-3ß,5α-diol( 5),ergosta-7-en-3ß-ol( 6),4-hydroxy-methylincisterol( 7),2-pyrrolidone( 8),nicotinamide( 9),1-( 3-indolyl)-3-dihydroxypropan-1-one( 10),yangambin( 11),linoleic acid( 12),( 9 Z,12 Z,15 Z)-2,3-dihydroxypropyl octadeca-trienoate( 13),( 9 Z,12 Z)-2,3-dihydroxypropyl-octadeca-dienoate( 14),crypticin B( 15)and 3-phenyllactic acid( 16). All compounds were isolated from T. sanguinea for the first time. Except for compounds 6,9 and 12,the remained compounds were isolated from the genus Tremella for the first time.


Assuntos
Basidiomycota/química , Carpóforos/química , Estrutura Molecular
16.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(20): 5764-5771, 2019 May 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31083994

RESUMO

Clausena lansium, also known as wampee, is a species of strongly scented evergreen trees belonging to the genus Clausena (Rutaceae), which is native to southern China. Its ripe fruits have been consumed as a very popular fruit and reported to possess a range of biological activities. To study the potential health-promoting constituents from the fruits of C. lansium, a chemical investigation on its fruits was thus carried out. In this study, 16 carbazole alkaloids (1-16), including six new carbazole alkaloids, clausenalansines A-F (1-6), were separated from the fruits of C. lansium. The molecular structures of these isolated new carbazole alkaloids (1-6) were ambiguously established on the basis of comprehensive spectroscopic methods. The known analogues (7-16) were determined via comparing their experimental data with those described in the literature, which were separated from C. lansium for the first time. All these isolated alkaloids were tested in vitro for their neuroprotective effects against 6-hydroxydopamine induced cell death in human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells. Carbazole alkaloids 1-16 displayed remarkable neuroprotective effects possessing the EC50 values ranging from 0.36 ± 0.02 to 10.69 ± 0.15 µM. These findings indicate that regular consumption of the fruits of C. lansium may help people prevent the occurrence of Parkinson's disease. In addition, the separation and identification of these carbazole alkaloids possessing remarkable neuroprotective effects from the fruits of C. lansium could be extremely important to the discovery of new agents for the prevention and treatment of Parkinson's disease.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/química , Carbazóis/química , Clausena/química , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/química , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/química , Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides/farmacologia , Carbazóis/isolamento & purificação , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Sobrevivência Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/isolamento & purificação , Medicamentos de Ervas Chinesas/farmacologia , Frutas/química , Humanos , Estrutura Molecular , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/isolamento & purificação , Fármacos Neuroprotetores/farmacologia
17.
J Agric Food Chem ; 67(17): 4817-4823, 2019 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30973720

RESUMO

Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plant belonging to the genus Ficus of the family Moraceae, native to Western Asia and the Middle East. Its fruits, usually known as common fig or fig, have been consumed as a very popular health-promoting fruit worldwide since ancient times. To investigate the potential health-promoting chemical constituents of the fruits of F. carica, a systematic phytochemical study on its fruits was therefore carried out. In our study, four new structurally diverse prenylated isoflavone derivatives, ficucaricones A-D (1-4), along with 12 known analogues (5-16) were separated from the fruits of F. carica. Their chemical structures were ambiguously elucidated based on extensive spectroscopic methods. The anti-inflammatory effects and antiproliferative activities of these isolated prenylated isoflavone derivatives were tested. Prenylated isoflavone derivatives (1-16) displayed remarkable inhibitory effects against nitric oxide (NO) production with the IC50 values ranging from 0.89 ± 0.05 to 8.49 ± 0.18 µM, comparable to that of the positive control (hydrocortisone). Furthermore, compounds 1-16 also exhibited pronounced antiproliferative activities against diverse human cancer cell lines in vitro, holding the IC50 values ranging from 0.18 ± 0.03 to 18.76 ± 0.09 µM. These findings indicate that regular consumption of the fruits of F. carica may help to prevent the occurrence of inflammatory diseases and tumors. Moreover, the isolation and characterization of these prenylated isoflavone derivatives possessing remarkable anti-inflammatory effects and antiproliferative activities could be meaningful to the discovery of new anti-inflammatory and antitumor agents.


Assuntos
Anti-Inflamatórios/química , Ficus/química , Inibidores do Crescimento/química , Isoflavonas/química , Extratos Vegetais/química , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Linhagem Celular , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Frutas/química , Inibidores do Crescimento/farmacologia , Humanos , Isoflavonas/farmacologia , Macrófagos/efeitos dos fármacos , Macrófagos/imunologia , Camundongos , Extratos Vegetais/farmacologia , Prenilação , Células RAW 264.7
18.
Molecules ; 24(7)2019 Mar 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30935100

RESUMO

Monoterpenoid indole alkaloids are structurally diverse natural products found in plants of the family Apocynaceae. Among them, vincristine and its derivatives are well known for their anticancer activity. Bousigonia mekongensis, a species in this family, contains various monoterpenoid indole alkaloids. In the current study, fourteen known aspidosperma-type monoterpenoid indole alkaloids (1⁻14) were isolated and identified from a methanol extract of the twigs and leaves of B. mekongensis for the first time. Among them, compounds 3, 6, 9, and 13 exhibited similar antiproliferative activity spectra against A549, KB, and multidrug-resistant (MDR) KB subline KB-VIN cells with IC50 values ranging from 0.5⁻0.9 µM. The above alkaloids efficiently induced cell cycle arrest at the G2/M phase by inhibiting tubulin polymerization as well as mitotic bipolar spindle formation. Computer modeling studies indicated that compound 7 likely forms a hydrogen bond (H-bond) with α- or ß-tubulin at the colchicine site. Evaluation of the antiproliferative effects and SAR analysis suggested that a 14,15-double bond or 3α-acetonyl group is critical for enhanced antiproliferative activity. Mechanism of action studies demonstrated for the first time that compounds 3, 4, 6, 7, and 13 efficiently induce cell cycle arrest at G2/M by inhibiting tubulin polymerization by binding to the colchicine site.


Assuntos
Aspidosperma/química , Multimerização Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Alcaloides de Triptamina e Secologanina/química , Alcaloides de Triptamina e Secologanina/farmacologia , Moduladores de Tubulina/química , Moduladores de Tubulina/farmacologia , Tubulina (Proteína)/química , Antineoplásicos/química , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Ciclo Celular/efeitos dos fármacos , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Conformação Molecular , Estrutura Molecular , Ligação Proteica , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tubulina (Proteína)/metabolismo
19.
Bioorg Chem ; 83: 1-5, 2019 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30339860

RESUMO

Two new monoterpene indole alkaloids, naucleaoffines A (1) and B (2), together with six known alkaloids (3-8), were isolated from the stems and leaves of Nauclea officinalis. The structures of 1 and 2 were elucidated by extensive spectroscopic methods and the known compounds were identified by comparisons with the data reported in literature. All isolated compounds were evaluated for their anti-inflammatory activities and anti-HIV-1 activities. Compounds 1-8 exhibited significant inhibitory activities on nitric oxide (NO) production induced by lipopolysaccharide in mouse macrophage RAW 264.7 cells in vitro with IC50 values comparable to that of hydrocortisone. In addition, compounds 1-8 showed significant anti-HIV-1 activities with EC50 ranged from 0.06 to 2.08 µM. These findings suggest that the discoveries of these indole alkaloids with significant anti-inflammatory activities and anti-HIV-1 activities isolated from N. officinalis could be of great importance to the development of new anti-inflammatory and anti-HIV agents.


Assuntos
Fármacos Anti-HIV/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/farmacologia , Alcaloides Indólicos/farmacologia , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Rubiaceae/química , Animais , Fármacos Anti-HIV/química , Fármacos Anti-HIV/isolamento & purificação , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/química , Anti-Inflamatórios não Esteroides/isolamento & purificação , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , HIV-1/efeitos dos fármacos , Alcaloides Indólicos/química , Alcaloides Indólicos/isolamento & purificação , Lipopolissacarídeos/antagonistas & inibidores , Lipopolissacarídeos/farmacologia , Camundongos , Testes de Sensibilidade Microbiana , Estrutura Molecular , Monoterpenos/química , Monoterpenos/isolamento & purificação , Óxido Nítrico/antagonistas & inibidores , Óxido Nítrico/biossíntese , Células RAW 264.7 , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
20.
Nat Prod Res ; 33(3): 374-379, 2019 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29630409

RESUMO

A new morphinandienone alkaloid, fissistigmine A (1), together with three known alkaloids (2-4), were isolated and identified from the stems of Fissistigma tungfangense. Among them, fissistigmine A (1) represents the first example of a novel naturally occurring morphinandienone alkaloid with a unique cleavage of the C-9-N-17 bond. All isolated compounds were evaluated for their anti-rheumatoid arthritis activities via examining their anti-proliferative effects on synoviocytes in vitro. Compound 1 exhibited inhibitory effect on the proliferation of synoviocytes with an IC50 value of 114.6 ± 2.2 µM.


Assuntos
Alcaloides/isolamento & purificação , Annonaceae/química , Morfinanos/isolamento & purificação , Alcaloides/química , Antirreumáticos/isolamento & purificação , Proliferação de Células/efeitos dos fármacos , Morfinanos/química , Caules de Planta/química , Sinoviócitos/efeitos dos fármacos
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