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ACS Appl Mater Interfaces ; 13(21): 24856-24864, 2021 Jun 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34009944


Strong metal-support interaction is crucial to the stability of catalysts in heterogeneous catalysis. However, reports on boosting interfacial electron transfer between metal and support via defect induction for enhanced metal-support interaction are limited. In this work, ultrathin reducible ZnTi-layered double hydroxide (LDH) nanosheets with rich oxygen defects were synthesized to stabilize Pd clusters, and the rich oxygen defects promoted Pd cluster bonding with Zn and Ti atoms in supports, thereby forming a metal-metal bond. Electron spin resonance (ESR), X-ray absorption fine spectra (XAFS), and density functional theory (DFT) calculations demonstrate remarkable interfacial electron transfer (0.62 e). The Pd/ZnTi-LDH catalyst shows superior catalytic stability for CO direct esterification to dimethyl oxalate. By contrast, the nonreducible Pd/ZnAl-LDH catalyst with a few oxygen defects shows minimal interfacial electron transfer (0.08 e), which leads to relatively poor catalytic stability. This work provides a deep insight into promoting the stability of catalysts by boosting interfacial electron transfer via defect induction.

Nanoscale ; 12(27): 14825-14830, 2020 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32672320


Pd-Based heterogeneous catalysts have been demonstrated to be efficient in numerous heterogeneous reactions. However, the effect of the support resulting in covalent metal-support interaction (CMSI) has not been researched sufficiently. In this work, a Lewis base is modulated over MgAl-LDH to investigate the support effects and it is further loaded with Pd clusters to research the metal-support interactions. MgAl-LDH with ultra-low Pd loading (0.0779%) shows CO conversion (55.0%) and dimethyl oxalate (DMO) selectivity (93.7%) for CO oxidative coupling to DMO, which was gradually deactivated after evaluation for 20 h. To promote the stability of Pd/MgAl-LDH, Zn2+ ions were introduced into the MgAl-LDH support to strengthen the CMSI by forming Pd-Zn bonds, which further increased the adsorption energy of the Pd clusters on ZnMgAl-LDH, and this was verified by X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) measurements and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. The stability of the Pd/ZnMgAl-LDH catalyst could be maintained for at least 100 h. This work highlights that covalent metal-support interactions can be strengthened by forming new metal-metal bonds, which could be extended to other systems for the stabilization of noble metals over supports.