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Arthritis Rheumatol ; 2019 Oct 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31599092


OBJECTIVE: To analyze the reported association of IL1RN polymorphisms with response to interleukin-1 (IL-1) blockade in a German cohort of patients with systemic juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA), and to assess the impact of other factors on treatment response. METHODS: Sixty-one patients with systemic JIA who had received IL-1 blockade were identified within the German Autoinflammatory Disease registry DNA biobank. Response to IL-1 blockade was assessed according to 1) the clinical response (initially at least a transient response or good response compared to a poor response), 2) switch (or no switch) to anti-IL-6 receptor therapy following IL-1 blockade, 3) achievement of clinically inactive disease within 6 months of IL-1 blockade, 4) improvement in disease activity measured using the modified Juvenile Arthritis Disease Activity Score, and 5) achievement of a glucocorticoid-free state. In addition, basic demographic data, key features of the disease course, laboratory data, and IL1RN single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were assessed. RESULTS: Six of 7 IL1RN SNPs reported to be associated with response to anakinra therapy were analyzed. These 6 IL1RN SNPs were inherited as haplotypes. An association of IL1RN haplotypes and SNPs with response to IL-1 blockade could not be confirmed in this cohort of patients with systemic JIA. Patients who received tocilizumab following IL-1 blockade had a longer duration from disease onset to diagnosis than those who did not receive tocilizumab (median 0.27 years versus 0.08 years). CONCLUSION: The results of this study could not confirm an impact of IL1RN SNPs on response to IL-1 blockade therapy with either anakinra or canakinumab in a cohort of patients with systemic JIA. However, a longer time frame from disease onset to diagnosis was associated with poorer long-term treatment response, thereby supporting the "window of opportunity" hypothesis that suggests improved long-term treatment response with shorter time from disease onset to diagnosis (and treatment).

J Vis Exp ; (151)2019 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31609337


In this protocol, we describe a method to purify human calcium-binding protein S100A12 and its ion-induced oligomers from Escherichia coli culture for immune cell stimulations. This protocol is based on a two-step chromatography strategy, which comprises protein pre-purification on an anion-exchange chromatography column and a subsequent polishing step on a hydrophobic-interaction column. This strategy produces S100A12 protein of high purity and yield at manageable costs. For functional assays on immune cells eventual remnant endotoxin contamination requires careful monitoring and further cleaning steps to obtain endotoxin-free protein. The majority of endotoxin contaminations can be excluded by anion-exchange chromatography. To deplete residual contaminations, this protocol describes a removal step with centrifugal filters. Depending on the available ion-strength S100A12 can arrange into different homomultimers. To investigate the relationship between structure and function, this protocol further describes ion-treatment of S100A12 protein followed by chemical crosslinking to stabilize S100A12 oligomers and their subsequent separation by size-exclusion chromatography. Finally, we describe a cell-based assay that confirms the biological activity of the purified protein and confirms LPS-free preparation.