Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 14 de 14
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Antioxidants (Basel) ; 10(12)2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34943100

RESUMO

The peumo (Cryptocarya alba) is a native fruit from central Chile that belongs to the Lauraceae family. To characterize the development and the potential health benefits of this edible fruit, quality and physiological parameters, along with antioxidant capacity, were evaluated during three clearly defined developmental stages of the fruit in two seasons. The most distinguishable attributes of ripe fruit were the change in size and color. Low CO2 production and no detectable ethylene levels suggested non-climacteric behavior of the peumo fruit. Peumo demonstrate a significant increase in their antioxidant capacity per 1 g of fresh weight (FW) of the sample, from small to ripe fruit. Higher values in ripe fruit (FRAP: 37.1-38.3 µmol FeSO4/gFW, TEAC: 7.9-8.1 mmol TE/gFW, DPPH: 8.4-8.7 IC50 µg/mL, and ORAC: = 0.19-0.20 mmol TE/gFW) were observed than those in blueberry fruit (FRAP: 4.95 µmol FeSO4/gFW, TEAC: 1.25 mmol TE/gFW, DPPH: 11.3 IC50 µg/mL, and ORAC: 0.032 mmol TE/ gFW). The methanol extracts of ripe fruit displayed the presence of polyphenol acids and quercetin, an ORAC value of 0.637 ± 0.061 mmol TE per g dried weight (DW), and a high cellular antioxidant and anti-inflammatory potential, the latter exceeding the effect of quercetin and indomethacin used as standard molecules. Also, the assay of isolated rat aorta with endothelium-dependent relaxation damage demonstrated that the peumo extract induced vascular protection, depending on its concentration under a high glucose condition. These results demonstrate that these endemic fruits have a good chance as ingredients or foods with functional properties.

2.
Antibiotics (Basel) ; 9(8)2020 Jul 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32722434

RESUMO

Arrayan and peumo fruits are commonly used in the traditional medicine of Chile. In this study, the concentration of the extracts halving the bacterial viability and biofilms formation and disruption of the drug-sensitive and drug-resistant strains of Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa was determined. The chemical composition of extracts was analyzed by high-resolution liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry (U-HPLC/MS). The arrayan extract (Inhibitory concentration IC50 0.35 ± 0.01 mg/mL) was more effective than peumo extract (IC50 0.53 ± 0.02 mg/mL) in the inhibition of S. aureus planktonic cells. Similarly, the arrayan extract was more effective in inhibiting the adhesion (S. aureus IC50 0.23 ± 0.02 mg/mL, P. aeruginosa IC50 0.29 ± 0.02 mg/mL) than peumo extracts (S. aureus IC50 0.47 ± 0.03 mg/mL, P. aeruginosa IC50 0.35 ± 0.01 mg/mL). Both extracts inhibited quorum sensing in a concentration-dependent manner, and the most significant was the autoinducer-2 type communication inhibition by arrayan extract. Both extracts also disrupted preformed biofilm of P. aeruginosa (arrayan IC50 0.56 ± 0.04 mg/mL, peumo IC50 0.59 ± 0.04 mg/mL). However, neither arrayan nor peumo extracts disrupted S. aureus mature biofilm. U-HPLC/MS showed that both fruit extracts mainly possessed quercetin compounds; the peumo fruit extract also contained phenolic acids and phenylpropanoids. Our results suggested that both extracts could be used as natural antimicrobials for some skin and nosocomial infections.

3.
Front Plant Sci ; 11: 538, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32457779

RESUMO

Preharvest applications of methyl jasmonate (MeJA) have been shown to improve post-harvest fruit quality in strawberry fruit. However, the effectiveness of consecutive field applications at different phenological stages on the reinforcement of the antioxidant capacity remains to be analyzed. To determine the best antioxidant response of strawberry (Fragaria × ananassa 'Camarosa') fruit to different numbers and timing of MeJA applications, we performed three differential preharvest treatments (M1, M2, and M3) consisted of successive field applications of 250 µmol L-1 MeJA at flowering (M3), large green (M2 and M3), and ripe fruit stages (M1, M2, and M3). Then, we analyzed their effects on fruit quality parameters [firmness, skin color, soluble solids content/titratable acidity (SSC/TA) ratio, fruit weight at harvest, and weight loss] along with anthocyanin and proanthocyanidin (PA) accumulation; the antioxidant-related enzymatic activity of catalase (CAT), guaiacol peroxidase (POX), and ascorbate peroxidase (APX); the total flavonoid and phenolic contents, antioxidant capacity, and ascorbic acid content (AAC) during post-harvest storage (0, 24, 48, and 72 h). We also evaluated the effect on lignin, total carbon and nitrogen (%C and N), lipid peroxidation, and C and N isotopes signatures on fruits. Remarkably, the results indicated that MeJA treatment increases anthocyanin and PA contents as well as CAT activity in post-harvest storage, depending on the number of preharvest MeJA applications. Also, M3 fruit showed a higher AAC compared to control at 48 and 72 h. Noticeably, the anthocyanin content and CAT activity were more elevated in M3 treatment comparing with control at all post-harvest times. In turn, APX activity was found higher on all MeJA-treated fruit independent of the number of applications. Unlike, MeJA applications did not generate variations on fruit firmness and weight, lignin contents,% C and N, and in lipid peroxidation and water/nitrogen use efficiency according to C and N isotope discrimination. Finally, we concluded that an increasing number of MeJA applications (M3 treatment) improve anthocyanin, PA, AAC, and CAT activity that could play an essential role against reactive oxygen species, which cause stress that affects fruits during post-harvest storage.

4.
Animals (Basel) ; 9(9)2019 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31470540

RESUMO

This review discusses the contribution of the use of the isolated rat aorta (IRA) as a model for the evaluation of extracts and metabolites produced by plants with a vasodilator effect in animals. This model continues to be a valuable approach for the search and development of new phytochemicals consumed as medicinal plants or foods. In most cases, the sources of phytochemicals have been used in folk medicine to treat ailments that include hypertension. In this model, the endothelium is emphasized as a key component that modulates the vessel contractility, and therefore the basal tone and blood pressure. Based on the functional nature of the model, we focused on studies that determined the endothelium-dependent and -independent vasodilatory activity of phytochemicals. We describe the mechanisms that account for aorta contraction and relaxation, and subsequently show the vasoactive effect of a series of phytochemicals acting as vasodilators and its endothelium dependence. We highlight information regarding the cardiovascular benefits of phytochemicals, especially their potential antihypertensive effect. On this basis, we discuss the advantages of the IRA as a predictive model to support the research and development of new drugs that may be of help in the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases, the number one cause of death worldwide.

5.
Foods ; 8(8)2019 Jul 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31357475

RESUMO

In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in studying food and its derived ingredients that can provide beneficial effects for human health. These studies are helping to understand the bases of the ancestral use of several natural products, including native fruits as functional foods. As a result, the polyphenol profile and the antioxidant capacity of the extracts obtained from different Patagonian native berries have been described. This review aims to provide valuable information regarding fruit quality, its particular compound profile, and the feasibility of producing functional foods for human consumption to prevent disorders such as metabolic syndrome and cardiovascular diseases. We also discuss attempts concerning the domestication of these species and generating knowledge that strengthens their potential as traditional fruits in the food market and as a natural heritage for future generations. Finally, additional efforts are still necessary to fully understand the potential beneficial effects of the consumption of these berries on human health, the application of suitable technology for postharvest improvement, and the generation of successfully processed foods derived from Patagonian berries.

6.
Data Brief ; 21: 1521-1525, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30480063

RESUMO

The data presented in this article are related to the research article entitled "Expression of two indole-3-acetic acid (IAA)-amido synthetase (GH3) genes during fruit development of raspberry (Rubus idaeus Heritage)" (Bernales et al., In press). This data article describes the relation of all size variables between them and with the weight showing an increasing trend between length and weight and an inverse relation of fruit firmness and ethylene production during development. In addition, IAA treatment during auxin in-vitro assay showed no significant changes in firmness, a significant increase of ethylene and respiratory production.

7.
J Sci Food Agric ; 98(13): 4854-4865, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29573436

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Pomegranate (Punica granatum) is a non-climacteric fruit susceptible to chilling injury (CI) at temperatures below 5 °C. To understand the influences of ethylene and modified atmosphere on CI physiological disorders of pomegranate, exogenous ethrel (0.5, 1 and 1.5 µg L-1 ) treatments, 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) (1 µL L-1 ) exposure, packaging in a modified atmosphere (MAP) (XTend™ bags; StePac, São Paulo, Brazil), a MAP/1-MCP combination, and packaging in macro-perforated bags (MPB) were applied. The treated fruits were cold stored (2 ± 1 °C; 85% relative humidity) and sampled during 120 + 3 days at 20 °C. RESULTS: During cold storage, CI symptoms started at 20 days in MPB and at 60 days for all exogenous ethylene treatments, and were delayed to 120 days in MAP, 1-MCP and MAP/1-MCP treatments. MPB and ethylene treatments induced significant electrolyte leakage, oxidative damage, lipid peroxidation, ethylene and CO2 production, and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase activity, without any change in total soluble solids, titratable acidity or skin and aril colours. Conversely, MAP by itself, or in combination with 1-MCP application, effectively delayed CI symptoms. CONCLUSION: During long-term cold storage of this non-climacteric fruit, ethrel application induced endogenous ethylene biosynthesis, accelerating the appearance of CI symptoms in contrast to the observations made for MAP and 1-MCP treatments. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry.


Assuntos
Ciclopropanos/farmacologia , Conservação de Alimentos/métodos , Frutas/química , Lythraceae/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos Organofosforados/farmacologia , Atmosfera/análise , Temperatura Baixa , Embalagem de Alimentos , Armazenamento de Alimentos , Frutas/efeitos dos fármacos , Lythraceae/química
8.
Food Chem ; 196: 1239-47, 2016 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26593612

RESUMO

The arrayan berry (Luma apiculata) is a native fruit from South America that belongs to the Myrtaceae family. To elucidate and characterize the developmental process and the potential health benefits of this edible fruit, quality and physiological parameters, along with antioxidant capacity, were evaluated during four clearly defined developmental stages of the fruit in two seasons. Fruit firmness slowly decreases during fruit development, whereas the solid soluble content/titratable acidity ratio (SSC/TA) increases significantly in the final stages of development. The measurement of low respiration rates and low ethylene production during growth and ripening suggested that the arrayan berry should be classified as a non-climacteric fruit. Arrayan berries show a significant increase in their antioxidant capacity from small green to black ripe fruit. FRAP and TEAC assays showed high correlations with total polyphenolic content (TPC) during ripening and high antioxidant capacity at all fruit stages, showing greater values in ripe fruit (FRAP: 24 ± 2 and 28 ± 3 µM FeSO4/gFW; TEAC: 18 ± 2 and 20 ± 1 Eq. Trolox/gFW for each season, respectively) than those observed in the blueberry (FRAP: 10 ± 2 and 19 ± 3 µM FeSO4/gFW; TEAC: 10 ± 2 and 17 ± 3). In addition, bioactive assays using ripe fruit extracts show presence of flavonol and anthocyanins, a high ORAC value (62,500 ± 7000 µmol/gDW) and a concentration-dependent vascular protection under high glucose conditions. The results obtained show that these endemic berry fruits have a promising potential as functional food.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/química , Frutas/química , Myrtaceae/química , Antocianinas/análise , Alimento Funcional , América do Sul
9.
J Plant Physiol ; 179: 100-5, 2015 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25847526

RESUMO

Red Raspberry (Rubus idaeus) is traditionally classified as non-climacteric, and the role of ethylene in fruit ripening is not clear. The available information indicates that the receptacle, a modified stem that supports the drupelets, is involved in ethylene production of ripe fruits. In this study, we report receptacle-related ethylene biosynthesis during the ripening of fruits of cv. Heritage. In addition, the expression pattern of ethylene biosynthesis transcripts was evaluated during the ripening process. The major transcript levels of 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid synthase (RiACS1) and 1-aminocyclopropane-1-carboxylic acid oxidase (RiACO1) were concomitant with ethylene production, increased total soluble solids (TSS) and decreased titratable acidity (TA) and fruit firmness. Moreover, ethylene biosynthesis and transcript levels of RiACS1 and RiACO1 were higher in the receptacle, sustaining the receptacle's role as a source of ethylene in regulating the ripening of raspberry.


Assuntos
Vias Biossintéticas/genética , Etilenos/biossíntese , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Genes de Plantas , Rubus/anatomia & histologia , Rubus/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Respiração Celular/genética , Flores/genética , Frutas/genética , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Rubus/enzimologia , Rubus/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Alinhamento de Sequência
10.
J Mol Graph Model ; 29(5): 635-42, 2011 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21146433

RESUMO

The aroma in fruits is an important attribute of quality that influences consumer's acceptance. This attribute is a complex character determined by a set of low molecular weight volatile compounds. In mountain papaya fruit (Vasconcellea pubescens) the aroma is determined mainly by esters, which are produced through an esterification reaction catalyzed by the enzyme alcohol acyltransferase (AAT) that utilizes alcohols and acyl-CoAs as substrates. In order to understand the molecular mechanism involved in the production of esters in this fruit, an AAT gene which has been previously cloned and characterized from mountain papaya (VpAAT1) was expressed in yeasts, and the highest enzyme activity of the recombinant protein was obtained when the enzyme was tested for its ability to produce benzyl acetate. On the other hand, to gain insight the mechanism of action at the molecular level, a structural model for VpAAT1 protein was built by comparative modelling methodology, which was validated and refined by molecular dynamics simulation. The VpAAT1 structure consists of two domains connected by a large crossover loop, with a solvent channel in the center of the structure formed between the two domains. Residues H166 and D170, important for catalytic action, displayed their side chains towards the central cavity of the channel allowing their interaction with the substrates. The conformational interaction between the protein and several ligands was explored by molecular docking simulations, and the predictions obtained were tested through kinetic analysis. Kinetic results showed that the lowest K(M) values were obtained for acetyl-CoA and benzyl alcohol. In addition, the most favorable predicted substrate orientation was observed for benzyl alcohol and acetyl CoA, showing a perfect coincidence between kinetic studies and molecular docking analysis.


Assuntos
Aciltransferases/química , Carica/anatomia & histologia , Carica/metabolismo , Ésteres/metabolismo , Frutas/enzimologia , Proteínas de Plantas/metabolismo , Conformação Proteica , Aciltransferases/genética , Aciltransferases/metabolismo , Álcoois/metabolismo , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Carica/química , Frutas/metabolismo , Modelos Moleculares , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Odorantes , Proteínas de Plantas/química , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/química , Proteínas Recombinantes/genética , Proteínas Recombinantes/metabolismo , Alinhamento de Sequência , Especificidade por Substrato
11.
J Agric Food Chem ; 58(8): 5114-21, 2010 Apr 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20369803

RESUMO

Mountain papaya ( Vasconcellea pubescens ) is a climacteric fruit that develops a strong and characteristic aroma during ripening. Esters are the main volatile compounds produced by the fruit, and most of them are dependent on ethylene. As esters are synthesized through alcohol acyltransferases (AAT), a full-length cDNA (VpAAT1) was isolated that displayed the characteristic motifs of most plant acyltransferases. The full-length cDNA sequence was cloned and expressed in yeasts, obtaining a functional enzyme with high AAT activity toward the formation of benzyl acetate. The transcript accumulation pattern provided by qPCR analysis showed that the VpAAT1 gene is expressed exclusively in fruit tissues and that a high level of transcripts is accumulated during ripening. The increase in VpAAT1 transcripts in fruit is coincident with the increase in AAT activity; transcript accumulation is induced by ethylene, and it is avoided by 1-methylcyclopropene (1-MCP) treatment. The data indicate that VpAAT1 is involved in aroma formation and that ethylene plays a major role in regulating its expression.


Assuntos
Carica/metabolismo , Proteínas/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Carica/fisiologia , Ésteres , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Proteínas/química , Proteínas/metabolismo , Homologia de Sequência de Aminoácidos , Temperatura
12.
J Agric Food Chem ; 57(19): 9123-32, 2009 Oct 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-19731914

RESUMO

Fragaria chiloensis is characterized for having great aroma and flavor properties. Using headspace-SPME different volatile compounds were identified and quantified during development and ripening of the fruit. The headspace was dominated by esters, butyl acetate, ethyl acetate, ethyl butanoate and ethyl hexanoate being the most abundant in fully ripe fruit. As esters are important for aroma and synthesized through alcohol acyltransferases (AAT), a full-length cDNA (FcAAT1) was isolated from F. chiloensis fruit which displayed the three motifs characteristic of most AATs. As the production of esters increased during ripening, a clear increment in FcAAT1 transcripts was observed in fruit tissue. A good correlation was found between AAT activity and the total content of esters, especially with acetates and hexanoates. Aroma-related esters displayed during ripening the same production profile as AAT activity. Therefore it can be suggested that the FcAAT1 gene may have a significant role in ester production of F. chiloensis fruit.


Assuntos
Aciltransferases/genética , Fragaria , Frutas/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Odorantes/análise , Proteínas de Plantas/genética , DNA de Plantas/análise , DNA de Plantas/isolamento & purificação , Ésteres/metabolismo , Fragaria/enzimologia , Fragaria/genética , Frutas/química , Frutas/enzimologia , Expressão Gênica , Compostos Orgânicos Voláteis/análise
13.
Cell Signal ; 20(9): 1642-50, 2008 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-18571897

RESUMO

Activation of V(1a) receptor triggers the expression of growth-related immediate-early genes (IEGs), including c-Fos and Egr-1. We found that pre-treatment of rat vascular smooth muscle A-10 cell line with the EGF receptor inhibitor AG1478 or the over-expression of an EGFR dominant negative mutant (HEBCD533) blocked the vasopressin-induced expression of IEGs, suggesting that activation of these early genes mediated by V(1a) receptor is via transactivation of the EGF receptor. Importantly, the inhibition of the metalloproteinases, which catalyzed the shedding of the EGF receptor agonist HB-EGF, selectively blocked the vasopressin-induced expression c-Fos. On the other hand, the inhibition of c-Src selectively blocked the vasopressin-induced expression of Egr-1. Interestingly, in contrast to the expression of c-Fos, the expression of Egr-1 was mediated via the Ras/MEK/MAPK-dependent signalling pathway. Vasopressin-triggered expression of both genes required the release of intracellular calcium, activation of PKC and beta-arrestin 2. These findings demonstrated that vasopressin up-regulated the expression of c-Fos and Erg-1 via transactivation of two distinct EGF receptor-dependent signalling pathways.


Assuntos
Arginina Vasopressina/farmacologia , Proteína 1 de Resposta de Crescimento Precoce/genética , Receptores ErbB/genética , Genes Precoces , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/genética , Ativação Transcricional/efeitos dos fármacos , Regulação para Cima/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Arrestinas/metabolismo , Cálcio/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular , Ciclina D1/metabolismo , Proteína 1 de Resposta de Crescimento Precoce/metabolismo , Ativação Enzimática/efeitos dos fármacos , Fator de Crescimento Epidérmico/farmacologia , Espaço Intracelular/efeitos dos fármacos , Espaço Intracelular/enzimologia , Modelos Biológicos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/efeitos dos fármacos , Miócitos de Músculo Liso/enzimologia , Proteína Quinase C/metabolismo , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas c-fos/metabolismo , Ratos , Receptores de Vasopressinas/metabolismo , Proteína do Retinoblastoma/metabolismo , Fatores de Tempo , beta-Arrestina 2 , beta-Arrestinas
14.
Extremophiles ; 7(6): 459-69, 2003 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12955601

RESUMO

Deschampsia antarctica Desv. is the only monocot that thrives in the harsh conditions of the Antarctic Peninsula and represents an invaluable resource for the identification of genes associated with freezing tolerance. In order to identify genes regulated by low temperature, we have initiated a detailed analysis of its gene expression. Preliminary 2-D gels of in vivo-labeled leaf proteins showed qualitative and quantitative differences between cold-acclimated and non-acclimated plants, suggesting differential gene expression. Similarly, cold-acclimation-related transcripts were screened by a differential display method. Of the 38 cDNAs initially identified, three cDNA clones were characterized for their protein encoding, expression pattern, response to several stresses, and for their tissue-specific expression. Northern blot analysis of DaGrx, DaRub1, and DaPyk1 encoding a glutaredoxin, a related-to-ubiquitin protein, and a pyruvate kinase-like protein, respectively, showed a distinct regulation pattern during the cold-acclimation process, and in some cases, their cold response seemed to be tissue specific. All three transcripts seem to be responsive to water stress as their levels were up-regulated with polyethyleneglycol treatment. DaRUB1 and DaPyk1 expression was up-regulated in leaf and crown, but down-regulated in roots from cold-acclimated plants. The significance of these results during the cold-acclimation process will be discussed.


Assuntos
Aclimatação , Temperatura Baixa , Genes de Plantas , Poaceae/genética , Sequência de Aminoácidos , Sequência de Bases , Regulação da Expressão Gênica de Plantas , Dados de Sequência Molecular , Alinhamento de Sequência , Transcrição Genética , Regulação para Cima
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...