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1.
Case Rep Gastroenterol ; 15(2): 562-567, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34616257

RESUMO

There are few reports of conversion surgery (CS) after nivolumab monotherapy because it is considered as a third-line standard chemotherapy for unresectable or recurrent gastric cancer. Here, we report a rare case of stage IV gastric cancer effectively treated with CS after nivolumab monotherapy as a third-line chemotherapy. A 73-year-old man was referred to our hospital with loss of appetite and abdominal discomfort. Stage IV gastric cancer with liver metastasis was diagnosed via upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and CT. Twelve courses of capecitabine, cisplatin, and trastuzumab were administered as the first-line treatment, 25 courses of paclitaxel plus ramucirumab as the second-line treatment, and 31 courses of nivolumab monotherapy as the third-line treatment. After 31 courses of nivolumab monotherapy, CT showed that the primary tumor shrank with no liver metastasis or ascites. Diagnostic laparoscopy was performed with no peritoneal dissemination (P0), and the peritoneal lavage cytology was negative (CY0). CS was performed with total gastrectomy and D2 lymph node dissection (R0 resection). The pathological diagnosis was U, Ant-Less, Type 2, 70 × 63 mm, poorly differentiated adenocarcinoma (ypT3N0M0 ypStage IIA). R0 resection was performed, and the histological response was grade 1a. The patient did not show recurrence for 9 months after CS.

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34519976

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Despite improvements in surgical techniques and devices and perioperative care of gastric cancer (GC), the rate of postoperative complications still has not decreased. If patients at high risk for postoperative complications could be identified early using biomarkers, these complications might be reduced. In this study, we investigated usefulness of the preoperative Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) as a predictive factor for complications after surgery in patients with stage II/III GC. METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of 424 patients who underwent curative surgery for pathological stage II/III GC from February 2007 to July 2019 at a single center. The GPS was assessed within 4 days before surgery. To identify independent risk factors for postoperative complications, univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using a Cox proportional hazards model. RESULTS: The numbers of patients with a GPS of 0, 1, and 2 were 357, 55, and 12, respectively. The rate of complications after surgery was significantly higher among patients with a GPS of 1 or 2 than among patients with a GPS of 0 (p = 0.008). Multivariate analysis identified a GPS of 1 or 2 as an independent predictive factor for postoperative complications (p = 0.037). CONCLUSION: The preoperative GPS may be a useful predictive factor for postoperative complications in patients with stage II/III GC. Being aware of the risk of complications after surgery as indicated by the GPS before surgery may promote safe and minimally invasive surgery that we expect will improve outcomes in patients with a GPS of 1 or 2.

3.
In Vivo ; 35(5): 2771-2777, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34410967

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are reported to associated with cancer metastasis, relapse, and chemoresistance. This study examined the clinical significance of the expression of two CSC markers, the transporter associated with antigen processing 1 (TAP1) and the Delta-like 4 (DLL4) protein, in patients with locally advanced GC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study was performed using samples obtained from 413 pathological stage II/III GC patients after curative gastrectomy. We examined TAP1 and DLL4 expression using immunohistochemical analysis with tissue microarray and examined the association between TAP1 or DLL4 expression, clinicopathological factors and survival. RESULTS: High TAP1 expression was associated with better overall survival compared to low TAP1 expression (p=0.004). Furthermore, in multivariate analysis, high TAP1 expression was defined as a predictive factor for good survival. There was no significant difference between DLL4 expression and clinicopathological features and overall survival. CONCLUSION: TAP1 expression may be a useful prognostic marker in patients with locally advanced GC.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Membro 2 da Subfamília B de Transportadores de Cassetes de Ligação de ATP , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal , Apresentação do Antígeno , Proteínas de Ligação ao Cálcio , Gastrectomia , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
4.
Anticancer Res ; 41(7): 3583-3588, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34230154

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: This study aimed to evaluate the prognostic significance of PLA2G2A expression in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (GC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: PLA2G2A expression levels in cancerous tissue specimens and adjacent normal mucosa obtained from 134 patients with stage II/III GC who received adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 after curative resection were measured using real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction. Subsequently, the associations of PLA2G2A expression with clinicopathological features and survival were evaluated. RESULTS: No association was observed between clinicopathological features and PLA2G2A expression levels. Overall survival was significantly longer in patients with high PLA2G2A expression levels (p=0.022). Multivariate analysis revealed that PLA2G2A expression was a significant, independent prognostic factor (hazard ratio=0.136; 95% confidence interval=0.0185-0.992; p=0.049). CONCLUSION: PLA2G2A mRNA expression may serve as a useful prognostic marker in patients with locally advanced GC who receive curative surgery and adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1.


Assuntos
Fosfolipases A2 do Grupo II/metabolismo , Ácido Oxônico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo , Tegafur/uso terapêutico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante/métodos , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Gastrectomia/métodos , Mucosa Gástrica/efeitos dos fármacos , Mucosa Gástrica/metabolismo , Mucosa Gástrica/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias/métodos , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Estômago/efeitos dos fármacos , Estômago/patologia , Estômago/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
6.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 2021 Jun 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34114182

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The lymph node (LN) ratio (LNR) has been proposed as a sensitive prognosticator in patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), especially when the number of LNs harvested is insufficient. We investigated the association between the LNR and survival in patients with locally advanced ESCC who received neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) and explored whether the LNR is a prognosticator in these patients when stratified by their response to NAC. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 199 locally advanced ESCC patients who received curative resection after NAC between January 2011 and December 2019. The predictive accuracy of the adjusted X-tile cut-off values for LNR of 0 and 0.13 was compared with that in the Union for International Cancer Control pathological N (UICC pN) categories. The association between survival rate and clinicopathological features was examined. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis identified that the LNR was an independent risk factor for recurrence-free survival [RFS; hazard ratio (HR) 6.917, p < 0.001] and overall survival (OS) (HR 4.998, p < 0.001). Moreover, even when stratified by response to NAC, the LNR was a significant independent risk factor for RFS and OS (p < 0.001). The receiver operating characteristic curves identified that the prognostic accuracy of the LNR tended to be better than that of the UICC pN factor in all cases and responders. CONCLUSION: The LNR had a significant prognostic value in patients with locally advanced ESCC, including in those who received NAC.

7.
Anticancer Res ; 41(4): 2117-2122, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33813422

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Stanniocalcin2 (STC2) is associated with proliferation, invasion, and metastasis in various cancers. We examined the clinical significance of STC2 mRNA expression in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Relative expression levels of STC2 mRNA in CRC tissues and corresponding normal mucosa obtained from 202 patients were measured using quantitative real-time reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. RESULTS: Expression of STC2 mRNA was higher in the cancer tissue than in the adjacent normal mucosa. STC2 mRNA expression in cancer tissues was associated with tumour size, liver metastasis, venous invasion, and lymph node metastasis. High expression of STC2 mRNA was significantly associated with poorer postoperative survival (p=0.0003). Multivariate analysis showed that high expression of STC2 mRNA was an independent predictor of postoperative survival. CONCLUSION: High expression of STC2 mRNA in CRC tissue may be a useful prognostic marker in patients with CRC.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/diagnóstico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/diagnóstico , Glicoproteínas/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Adenocarcinoma/genética , Adenocarcinoma/mortalidade , Adenocarcinoma/cirurgia , Idoso , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Neoplasias Colorretais/genética , Neoplasias Colorretais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Colorretais/cirurgia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Glicoproteínas/metabolismo , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/metabolismo , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , RNA Mensageiro/genética , RNA Mensageiro/metabolismo , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase em Tempo Real , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
8.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33460001

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To assess the utility of the Glasgow Prognostic Score (GPS) obtained before curative resection for predicting outcomes in patients with advanced gastric cancer (GC). METHODS: This study retrospectively analyzed the outcomes of 337 consecutive patients with GC who underwent curative surgery for locally advanced gastric cancer between January 2003 and June 2014. GPS was assessed within 4 days prior to surgery. RESULTS: The number of patients with GPS scores of 0, 1, and 2 was 302, 26, and 9, respectively. There was significantly more blood loss during surgery and more postoperative complications in the GPS 1/2 group than in the GPS 0 group. Patients in the GPS 1/2 group had significantly poorer overall survival than those in the GPS 0 group (p = 0.001). On multivariate analysis, GPS 1/2 was identified as an independent factor for poor survival (p = 0.019). CONCLUSION: GPS before curative resection might be a useful predictive factor for perioperative complications and survival in locally advanced GC.

9.
Anticancer Res ; 41(2): 1005-1012, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33517308

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To identify prognostic factors for patients with stage IV gastric cancer (GC) and a single stage IV factor before chemotherapy who underwent conversion surgery (R0 resection). PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively analysed 32 GC patients with a single stage IV factor before chemotherapy and who underwent conversion surgery (R0 resection) between January 2001 and September 2015. The univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to identify independent prognostic factors. RESULTS: The five-year survival rate was 39.6%, and the median survival time was 47.0 months. In the univariate analysis, diffuse-type according to Lauren classification was significantly associated with worse overall survival (p<0.001). In the multivariate analysis, diffuse-type was selected as an independent prognostic factor (hazard ratio=15.970, 95% confidence interval=3.804-67.043, p<0.001). CONCLUSION: Diffuse-type may be a useful prognostic factor in GC patients with a single stage IV factor who undergo conversion surgery (R0 resection).


Assuntos
Conversão para Cirurgia Aberta/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
10.
In Vivo ; 35(1): 563-569, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33402510

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: We hypothesised that the prognostic nutrition index (PNI) is useful for evaluating host immunity and response to immune checkpoint inhibitors. We investigated the effect of PNI on nivolumab monotherapy efficacy in advanced or recurrent gastric cancer (GC) or gastro-oesophageal junction cancer (GOC) patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined 110 patients, divided them into a high-PNI group and a low-PNI group, and compared treatment efficacy, adverse events (AEs), and survival between the groups. RESULTS: Median overall survival (OS) was significantly longer in the high-PNI group than in the low-PNI group (205 vs. 109 days; p<0.001). Multivariate analysis revealed that low PNI was an independent risk factor for OS (hazard ratio=2.398; 95% confidence interval=1.384-4.154; p=0.002). The overall response rate and frequency of AEs were not significantly different between the groups. CONCLUSION: PNI could be a useful prognostic factor in GC or GOC patients undergoing nivolumab monotherapy.


Assuntos
Nivolumabe , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Nivolumabe/efeitos adversos , Avaliação Nutricional , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico
11.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(5): 2866-2876, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33393020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The lymph node (LN) ratio (LNR) and the log odds of positive LNs (LODDS) have been proposed as sensitive prognosticators in patients with primary gastric cancer, especially in patients with an insufficient number of harvested LNs. We investigated the association of LNR and LODDS with survival in patients with remnant gastric cancer (RGC) and explored whether these staging methods are prognostic factors in patients with an insufficient number of harvested LNs. METHODS: The present study retrospectively examined 95 patients with RGC who received gastrectomy between January 2000 and December 2018. The patients were classified according to the adjusted X-tile cutoff for LNR and LODDS. The association between survival rates and clinicopathological features was investigated. The predictive accuracy of the LNR and LODDS was compared with that of the Union for International Cancer Control pathological N factor. RESULTS: Multivariate analysis revealed that the LNR and LODDS were independent risk factors for recurrence-free survival (RFS) [hazard ratio (HR) 2.623, p = 0.020; HR 3.404, p = 0.004, respectively] and overall survival (OS) (HR 3.694, p = 0.003; HR 2.895, p = 0.022, respectively) in patients with RGC. Moreover, even in patients with 15 or fewer harvested LNs, only the LNR was a significant independent risk factor for RFS (HR 21.890, p < 0.001) and OS (HR 6.597, p = 0.002). The receiver operating characteristic curves revealed that the prognostic accuracy of the three methods was comparable (p > 0.05). CONCLUSION: LNR has significant prognostic value for patients with RGC, including those with an insufficient number of harvested LNs.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
12.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 28(8): 4530-4539, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33423121

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Naples prognostic score (NPS) is a scoring system based on albumin, cholesterol concentration, lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio, and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio reflecting host systemic inflammation, malnutrition, and survival for several malignancies. This study was designed to assess the prognostic significance of NPS in patients with locally advanced esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) and to compare its prognostic accuracy with that of other systemic inflammatory and nutritional index. METHODS: We retrospectively examined 165 patients with locally advanced ESCC who underwent neoadjuvant therapy followed by curative resection between January 2011 and September 2019. Patients were divided into three groups based on their NPS before neoadjuvant therapy (Group 0: NPS = 0; Group 1: NPS = 1-2; Group 2: NPS = 3-4). We compared the clinicopathological characteristics and survival rates among the groups. RESULTS: The 5-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) rates were significantly different between the groups (P < 0.001). The NPS was superior to other systemic inflammatory and nutritional index for predicting prognoses, as determined using area under the curves (P < 0.05). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that the NPS was a significant predictor of poor RFS (Group 1: hazard ratio [HR] 1.897, P = 0.049; Group 2: HR 3.979, P < 0.001) and OS (Group 1: HR 2.152, P = 0.033; Group 2: HR 3.239, P = 0.006). CONCLUSIONS: The present study demonstrated that NPS was an independent prognostic factor in patients with locally advanced ESCC and more reliable and accurate than the other systemic inflammatory and nutritional index.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas do Esôfago , Neoplasias Esofágicas/terapia , Humanos , Linfócitos , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos
13.
J Cancer Res Ther ; 16(Supplement): S95-S98, 2020 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33380660

RESUMO

Background: Intractable ascites secondary to malignant disease deteriorates patients' quality of life. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and efficacy of percutaneous peritoneovenous (Denver) shunt in treating intractable malignant ascites in cancer patients. Materials and Methods: Thirty-five patients who had undergone Denver peritoneovenous shunt for the treatment of ascites associated with malignant tumor from October 2014 to 2017 were retrospectively analyzed. The demographic characteristics, laboratory values, and complications were recorded. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression analyses were performed. Results: The sites of primary tumor were pancreatic cancer in 19 patients, bile duct cancer in 8, gallbladder cancer in 5, breast cancer in 2, and peritoneal malignant mesothelioma in 1. Palliation of abdominal distention was achieved in 29 patients (82.9%). Postoperative complications of Grade 2 or higher were seen in 11 patients (31.4%), and Grade 5 complications were observed in three patients (8.6%). Patients with a high American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) grade and high ascites drainage volume had a significantly higher incidence of postoperative complications than a low ASA grade and low ascites drainage volume, and a multivariate logistic analysis showed that the intraoperative ascites drainage volume was an independent risk factor for all complications. Conclusions: The Denver shunt for malignant ascites is useful for improving patients' quality of life if the indications are selected properly. Drainage of intraoperative ascites was a risk factor for postoperative complications after the Denver shunt technique in cancer patients with malignant ascites. Further experience and discussion are necessary to establish the patient selection criteria.


Assuntos
Ascite/cirurgia , Cuidados Paliativos/métodos , Neoplasias Peritoneais/complicações , Derivação Peritoneovenosa/efeitos adversos , Adulto , Idoso , Ascite/etiologia , Ascite/mortalidade , Ascite/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Mama/patologia , Neoplasias da Mama/cirurgia , Feminino , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/mortalidade , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/patologia , Neoplasias da Vesícula Biliar/cirurgia , Mortalidade Hospitalar , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/mortalidade , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Neoplasias Peritoneais/cirurgia , Derivação Peritoneovenosa/mortalidade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Qualidade de Vida , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 2020 Nov 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33233019

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Laparoscopic gastrectomy has become a standard procedure for treatment of gastric cancer, and hence, the opportunity for trainees to perform open gastrectomies may decrease. We investigated whether laparoscopic distal gastrectomy, performed by surgical trainees without sufficient experience performing open gastrectomies, was feasible and safe. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We compared short-term outcomes in patients when laparoscopic distal gastrectomies were performed by experienced trainees (ET group; n = 124) and inexperienced trainees (IT group; n = 98) from 2013 to 2019. RESULTS: The operation time was significantly shorter in the ET group (median time: 253 minutes vs 286 minutes, P < 0.001). The incidence of grade ≥ 2 postoperative complications did not differ significantly between the groups. In the multivariate analysis, experience performing open gastrectomies was not an independent predictor of postoperative complications. CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic distal gastrectomies performed by trainees, with insufficient experience performing open gastrectomies, are as feasible and safe as that performed by ET.

15.
Anticancer Res ; 40(10): 5815-5821, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32988910

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Glioma-associated oncogene 1 (GLI1) is an important transcription factor in the hedgehog signalling pathway and tumour formation. We evaluated the clinical significance of GLI1 expression as a prognostic factor in patients with locally advanced gastric cancer (GC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: GLI1 expression levels were measured by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction analysis of cancerous and adjacent normal mucosa specimens obtained from 142 patients with Stage II/III GC administered adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 after curative resection. The associations of GLI1 expression with clinicopathological features and survival were evaluated. RESULTS: Clinicopathological features and GLI1 expression showed no association. Overall survival was significantly poorer in the high compared to the low GLI1 expression group (p=0.04). Multivariate analysis revealed that GLI1 expression was a significant independent prognostic factor [p=0.019, hazard ratio (HR)=1.94, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.70-3.38]. CONCLUSION: GLI1 expression may be a useful prognostic marker in patients with locally advanced GC.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Proteína GLI1 em Dedos de Zinco/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Ácido Oxônico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Oxônico/efeitos adversos , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Tegafur/administração & dosagem , Tegafur/efeitos adversos
16.
Ann Surg Oncol ; 27(11): 4235-4247, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32424582

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Lymph node ratio (LNR), defined as the ratio of metastatic nodes to the total number of examined lymph nodes, has been proposed as a sensitive prognostic factor in patients with gastric cancer (GC). We investigate its association with survival in pathological stage (pStage) II/III GC and explore whether this is a prognostic factor in each Union for International Cancer Control pStage (7th edition). PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively examined 838 patients with pStage II/III GC who underwent curative gastrectomy between June 2000 and December 2018. Patients were classified into low-LNR (L-LNR), middle-LNR (M-LNR), and high-LNR (H-LNR) groups according to adjusted X-tile cutoff values of 0.1 and 0.25 for LNR, and their clinicopathological characteristics and survival rates were compared. RESULTS: The 5-year recurrence-free survival (RFS) and overall survival (OS) rates postsurgery showed significant differences among the groups (P < 0.001). Multivariate analysis demonstrated that LNR was a significant predictor of poor RFS [M-LNR: hazard ratio (HR) 3.128, 95% confidence interval (CI) 2.254-4.342, P < 0.001; H-LNR: HR 5.148, 95% CI 3.546-7.474, P < 0.001] and OS (M-LNR: HR 2.749, 95% CI 2.038-3.708, P < 0.001; H-LNR: HR 4.654, 95% CI 3.288-6.588, P < 0.001). On subset analysis stratified by pStage, significant differences were observed between the groups in terms of the RFS curves of pStage II and III GC (P < 0.001 and < 0.001, respectively) and OS curves of pStage II and III GC (P = 0.001 and < 0.001, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: High LNR is a predictor of worse prognosis in pStage II/III GC, including each substage.


Assuntos
Razão entre Linfonodos , Neoplasias Gástricas , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodos/patologia , Linfonodos/cirurgia , Metástase Linfática , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
17.
In Vivo ; 34(3): 1533-1539, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32354959

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Lymphovascular invasion (LVI) is recognized as a prognostic predictor of recurrence in certain carcinomas. According to current Japanese guidelines, however, in gastric cancer, LVI is not clinically useful information, except for predicting the curability of endoscopic resection. We clarified the clinical significance of LVI in gastric cancer and its correlation with disease prognosis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 2,090 cases of gastric cancer undergoing radical gastrectomy were enrolled. The correlation of LVI and other histopathological factors was evaluated with regards to patient prognosis. RESULTS: LVI(+) was noted in 894 cases. A multivariate analysis showed that pT, pN, and LVI were independent risk factors for patient prognosis. In pT2-4 patients with nodal metastasis, a significant difference was revealed, and the 5-year overall survival rates in LVI(+) cases were lower than those in LVI(-) (60.9% vs. 76.7%, p=0.005). CONCLUSION: LVI in gastric cancer is an independent prognostic factor, and tends to worsen prognosis, especially in advanced cancers with lymph node metastases.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Gástricas/terapia , Carga Tumoral
18.
Anticancer Res ; 40(4): 2275-2281, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32234926

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: To assess the prognostic effect of muscle loss after esophagectomy and before discharge. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This study retrospectively analysed 159 consecutive patients with oesophageal and gastroesophageal junction cancer who underwent esophagectomy between August 2011 and October 2015. Body composition was evaluated one week before surgery and at discharge using a bioelectrical impedance analyser. RESULTS: The median rate of muscle mass loss (RMML) was 4.38% (range=-3.3 to +18.8). Patients with increased RMML had significantly poorer outcomes of overall survival than those with decreased RMML (p=0.015). On multivariate analysis, RMML [≥4.38, hazard ratio (HR)=2.033, 95% confidence interval (CI)=1.018-5.924, p=0.044) and pathological tumour depth (≥2, HR=3.099, 95%CI=1.339-7.172, p=0.008) were selected as independent prognostic factors. CONCLUSION: RMML after esophagectomy is indicative of poor prognosis in patients with esophageal cancer.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Esofágicas/fisiopatologia , Esofagectomia/métodos , Junção Esofagogástrica/fisiopatologia , Transtornos Musculares Atróficos/fisiopatologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/fisiopatologia , Idoso , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Neoplasias Esofágicas/patologia , Neoplasias Esofágicas/cirurgia , Esofagectomia/efeitos adversos , Junção Esofagogástrica/patologia , Junção Esofagogástrica/cirurgia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Transtornos Musculares Atróficos/etiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
19.
Target Oncol ; 15(3): 317-325, 2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32319020

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: In 2017, nivolumab monotherapy was shown to be effective as third- or later-line therapy in patients with advanced gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer. OBJECTIVE: In this study, we investigated the relationship between the neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and the outcomes of nivolumab monotherapy in patients with gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The long-term outcomes and treatment responses to nivolumab monotherapy were assessed in patients with gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer. We compared patients with a NLR > 2.5 and those with a NLR ≤ 2.5 at the time of starting nivolumab monotherapy. RESULTS: The proportion of patients who have received three or more regimens was higher in the NLR > 2.5 group than in the NLR ≤ 2.5 group. The disease control rate was significantly worse in the NLR > 2.5 group than in the NLR ≤ 2.5 group (23% and 46%, respectively; p = 0.044). Overall survival was significantly better in the NLR ≤ 2.5 group than in the NLR > 2.5 group. Multivariate analysis showed that the macroscopic type, primary site resection, and the NLR were independent prognostic factors for overall survival (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval], 2.586 [1.286-5.203], 0.473 [0.260-0.861], and 1.736 [1.007-2.992], respectively). CONCLUSIONS: This study demonstrates that the NLR is an independent prognostic factor in patients with gastric or gastroesophageal junction cancer treated with nivolumab monotherapy. Careful attention must be paid when nivolumab monotherapy is used to treat patients with gastric cancer with a NLR > 2.5.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Nivolumabe/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Idoso , Antineoplásicos Imunológicos/farmacologia , Feminino , Humanos , Linfócitos , Masculino , Neutrófilos , Nivolumabe/farmacologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Análise de Sobrevida
20.
Anticancer Res ; 40(3): 1683-1690, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32132075

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the impact of postoperative complications (PCs) in patients with pathological stage (pStage) II or III gastric cancer (GC) who received adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 after curative surgery. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Altogether, data for 226 patients were examined retrospectively. The relationship between PCs and clinicopathological features and survival were examined. RESULTS: Recurrence-free survival was significantly worse in the group with PCs than in the PC-negative group. On multivariate analysis, having PCs of grade 2 or more was an independent risk factor for recurrence (hazard ratio=1.721; 95% confidence intervaI=1.014-2.920; p=0.044). In addition, for each pStage analysis, having PCs of grade 2 or more was a risk factor for recurrence even in patients with pStage II GC. CONCLUSION: PC of grade 2 or more was an independent risk factor for recurrence in patients with pStage II GC who received adjuvant chemotherapy with S-1 after curative gastrectomy. Thus, for patients with PCs, even for those with pStage II GC, more effective adjuvant chemotherapy, such as S-1 plus docetaxel, may be needed.


Assuntos
Ácido Oxônico/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Tegafur/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Combinação de Medicamentos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Ácido Oxônico/farmacologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Tegafur/farmacologia
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