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1.
Surg Case Rep ; 8(1): 11, 2022 Jan 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35038053

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Acquired jejunal diverticula are relatively rare conditions. While mostly asymptomatic, they can occasionally cause life-threatening complications requiring surgical treatment. We herein report a case of hemorrhagic shock due to jejunal diverticulum with intestinal amyloidosis that was successfully managed via transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) and surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: An 80-year-old female presenting with hematochezia and hemorrhagic shock was transferred to our institution. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography revealed extravasation in the small bowel around the upper jejunum. Massive transfusion was performed with subsequently planning for TAE to control bleeding followed by surgical laparotomy to evaluate the ischemic intestine. First, the second jejunal artery was selectively embolized with a 1:3 mixture of N-butyl cyanoacrylate (NBCA) and iodize oil, after which laparotomy was performed. Multiple jejunal diverticula were detected near Treitz' ligament, and an induration of NBCA was palpable in the nearby mesentery. The intraoperative diagnosis was massive bleeding from acquired jejunal diverticula for which jejunectomy including the nearby diverticulum was performed to prevent future bleeding. Her postoperative course was stable. Histological examination of the specimen revealed several false diverticula with intestinal amyloidosis. CONCLUSION: Hemorrhagic shock due to jejunal diverticulum with intestinal amyloidosis is extremely rare. Combined treatment of TAE and surgical laparotomy appears to be effective, because the bleeding point can be identified by palpation of the embolic material.

2.
Surg Case Rep ; 7(1): 256, 2021 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34910267

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intraoperative bleeding from the celiac axis (CA) can occur during pancreatic surgery, and appropriate management is essential to avoid critical complications. Here, we have reported a case that was managed with supraceliac aortic cross-clamping (SAC) for arterial bleeding from the CA during pancreatic surgery. CASE PRESENTATION: A 70-year-old man was diagnosed with pancreatic cancer located in the pancreatic head and body. Preoperative computed tomography showed a stricture at the root of the CA, which may have been caused by a median arcuate ligament. Pancreaticoduodenectomy with division of the median arcuate ligament was scheduled. Uncontrollable bleeding from the root of the CA was observed during surgery. The bleeding was controlled by performing SAC, and a defect in the CA was confirmed. Arterial wall repair was successfully performed under temporal blood control using SAC. The aortic clamp time was 2 min and 51 s, and the intraoperative blood loss was 480 ml. CONCLUSIONS: Although SAC is primarily a procedure for ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm, it can be useful for the management of CA injuries during pancreatic surgery.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34748289

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Prevention of bile duct injury and vasculo-biliary injury while performing laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) is an unsolved problem. Clarifying the surgical difficulty using intraoperative findings can greatly contribute to the pursuit of best practices for acute cholecystitis. In this study, multiple evaluators assessed surgical difficulty items in unedited videos and then constructed a proposed surgical difficulty grading. METHODS: We previously assembled a library of typical video clips of the intraoperative findings for all LC surgical difficulty items in acute cholecystitis. Fifty-one experts on LC assessed unedited surgical videos. Inter-rater agreement was assessed by Fleiss's κ and Gwet's agreement coefficient (AC). RESULTS: Except for one item ("edematous change"), κ or AC exceeded 0.5, so the typical videos were judged to be applicable. The conceivable surgical difficulty gradings were analyzed. According to the assessment of difficulty factors, we created a surgical difficulty grading system (agreement probability = 0.923, κ = 0.712, 90% CI: 0.587-0.837; AC2  = 0.870, 90% CI: 0.768-0.972). CONCLUSION: The previously published video clip library and our novel surgical difficulty grading system should serve as a universal objective tool to assess surgical difficulty in LC.

4.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1197, 2021 Nov 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34758773

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Both activated tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and immune-suppressive cells, such as regulatory T cells (Tregs), in the tumor microenvironment (TME) play an important role in the prognosis of patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). METHODS: The densities of TILs, programmed death receptor 1 (PD-1) + T cells, and forkhead box P3 (Foxp3) + T cells were analyzed by immunohistochemical staining. The associations of the immunological status of the PDAC microenvironment with overall survival (OS) time and disease-free survival (DFS) time were evaluated. RESULTS: PDAC patients with a high density of TILs in the TME or PD-1-positive T cells in tertiary lymphoid aggregates (TLAs) demonstrated a significantly better prognosis than those with a low density of TILs or PD-1-negativity, respectively. Moreover, PDAC patients with high levels of Foxp3-expressing T cells showed a worse prognosis than those with low levels of Foxp3-expressing T cells. Importantly, even with a high density of the TILs in TME or PD-1-positive T cells in TLAs, PDAC patients with high levels of Foxp3-expressing T cells showed a worse prognosis than patients with low levels of Foxp3-expressing T cells. A PDAC TME with a high density of TILs/high PD-1 positivity/low Foxp3 expression was an independent predictive marker associated with superior prognosis. CONCLUSION: Combined assessment of TILs, PD-1+ cells, and Foxp3+ T cells in the TME may predict the prognosis of PDAC patients following surgical resection.

5.
J Gastrointest Surg ; 25(11): 2835-2841, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33772400

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The superiority of outcomes associated with anatomical resection (AR) versus those associated with non-anatomical resection (NAR) remains controversial in patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The aim of this study was to evaluate the significance of AR on therapeutic outcomes of patients with small HCCs (≤ 5 cm), using propensity score-matched (PSM) analysis. METHODS: A total of 195 patients who had undergone elective hepatic resection for small HCCs (≤ 5 cm) were included in this study. We conducted PSM analysis for baseline characteristics (age, sex, hepatitis virus status, retention rate of indocyanine green at 15 min, and Child-Pugh grade), preoperative serum α-fetoprotein, and tumor characteristics (tumor size, tumor number, portal vein invasion, and surgical margin status) to eliminate potential selection bias. The prognostic significance of AR on the disease-free and overall survival was analyzed in patients selected by PSM analysis. RESULTS: Applying PSM analysis, the patients were divided into PSM-AR (N = 66) and PSM-NAR (N = 66) groups. Disease-free survival was significantly better in the PSM-AR group than that of the PSM-NAR group (P = 0.018), while there was no significant difference in the overall survival between the PSM-AR and PSM-NAR groups (P = 0.292). The univariate HRs of the PSM-AR group were 0.55 (95% CI, 0.33-0.90) for disease-free survival and 0.61 (95% CI, 0.24-1.53) for overall survival, respectively. Remnant liver recurrence was significantly lower in the AR group (P = 0.014). CONCLUSIONS: AR may improve the disease-free survival in HCC patients with tumors of ≤5 cm diameter.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Hepatocelular , Neoplasias Hepáticas , Carcinoma Hepatocelular/cirurgia , Hepatectomia , Humanos , Neoplasias Hepáticas/cirurgia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Pontuação de Propensão , Estudos Retrospectivos
6.
BMC Surg ; 20(1): 214, 2020 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32967677

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The critical view of safety (CVS) method can be achieved by avoiding vasculo-biliary injury resulting from misidentification during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). Although achieving the CVS has become popular worldwide, there is no established standardized technique to achieve the CVS in patients with an anomalous bile duct (ABD). We recently reported our original approach for securing the CVS using a new landmark, the diagonal line of the segment IV of the liver (D-line). The D-line is an imaginary line that lies on the right border of the hilar plate. The cystic structure can be securely isolated along the D-line without any misidentification, regardless of the existence of an ABD. We named this approach the segment IV approach in LC. METHODS: In this study, we adopted the segment IV approach in patients with an ABD. RESULTS: From October 2015 to June 2020, 209 patients underwent LC using the segment IV approach. Among them, three (1.4%) were preoperatively diagnosed with an ABD. The branching point of the cystic duct was the posterior sectional duct, anterior sectional duct, or left hepatic duct in each patient. The CVS was achieved in all cases without any complications. CONCLUSION: It is a promising technique, especially even for patients with an ABD during LC.


Assuntos
Ductos Biliares/patologia , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica , Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/efeitos adversos , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/métodos , Ducto Cístico , Ducto Hepático Comum , Humanos , Fígado , Segurança do Paciente
7.
Ann Gastroenterol Surg ; 4(2): 170-174, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32258983

RESUMO

Although achieving the critical view of safety (CVS) is useful for avoiding vasculobiliary injury during laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC), the CVS cannot always be achieved in cases of severe cholecystitis because of technical difficulties. Herein, we focused on segment IV of the liver and its diagonal line (D-line) as a feasible landmark for carrying out difficult LC. The D-line connects the right dorsal and left ventral corners of segment IV and is used as the vectoral landmark, which is where the gallbladder is first dissected to achieve CVS without misidentification. Conversion to subtotal cholecystectomy along the D-line is also feasible when gallbladder wall scarring is severe. We named this procedure the segment IV approach for LC. Sixty-two consecutive difficult LC (including 27 scheduled LC after percutaneous transhepatic gallbladder drainage [PTGBD] and 35 conservatively treated cases of Tokyo Guidelines [TG] grade II cholecystitis) were managed by the segment IV approach. Successful gallbladder extraction along the D-line was achieved in 44 (71%) cases; all of these cases also achieved CVS following total cholecystectomy. The other 18 (29%) cases were converted to subtotal cholecystectomy because gallbladder extraction along the D-line failed as a result of severe cholecystitis with inflammatory adhesion with surrounding structures. Median operative time and intraoperative blood loss were 135 (range, 54-290) min and 10 (range, 0-100) mL, respectively. No intra- or postoperative complications were observed. The segment IV approach is feasible for achieving CVS and for considering subtotal cholecystectomy in difficult LC cases where scarring of the gallbladder wall is present.

8.
In Vivo ; 33(5): 1553-1557, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31471404

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Organ/space surgical site infections (SSIs) are critical complications of pancreaticoduodenectomy. We investigated the impact of the time between division of the common hepatic duct and completion of biliary reconstruction [bile exposure (BE) time] on the occurrence of post-pancreaticoduodenectomy organ/space SSI. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Sixty-one patients who underwent pancreaticoduodenectomy were retrospectively studied. The impact of perioperative variables and BE time on organ/space SSI occurrence was analyzed. RESULTS: Organ/space SSIs occurred in 17 patients (28%). Patients were divided into two groups according to BE time. The incidence of organ/space SSIs was significantly higher in the long BE time group than in the short BE time group (42% versus 13%, p=0.0127). Multivariate analysis revealed that long BE times [odds ratio (OR)=4.8; p=0.0240] and soft pancreatic texture (OR=16.5; p=0.0106) were independent risk factors for organ/space SSIs. CONCLUSION: Long BE time is a risk factor for post-pancreaticoduodenectomy organ/space SSIs. Shortening BE time may reduce organ/space SSI occurrence.


Assuntos
Bile , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/efeitos adversos , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/epidemiologia , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/etiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Japão , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Infecção da Ferida Cirúrgica/prevenção & controle
9.
Cancer Invest ; 37(9): 463-477, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31490702

RESUMO

The associations of the immunological status of the pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) microenvironment with prognosis were assessed. A high tumor-infiltrating lymphocyte (TIL) density was associated with a better prognosis. Importantly, even with a high density of TILs, the PDA cells with programed cell death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression showed a worse prognosis than the patients with negative PD-L1 expression. A significant association between a better prognosis and a tumor microenvironment with a high TIL density/negative PD-L1 expression was observed. Assessments of a combined immunological status in the tumor microenvironment may predict the prognosis of PDA patients following surgical resection.


Assuntos
Antígeno B7-H1/metabolismo , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/cirurgia , Linfócitos do Interstício Tumoral/imunologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Carcinoma Ductal Pancreático/imunologia , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/imunologia , Prognóstico , Análise de Sobrevida , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Microambiente Tumoral
10.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 12(2): 222-226, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30549252

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recently, single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy has been accepted as an alternative to conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy. The aim of this study was to retrospectively evaluate the safety and feasibility of unique gallbladder retraction methods using an ENDOLOOP® (Ethicon, Tokyo, Japan) and Lapaherclosure™ (Hakko Medical, Tokyo, Japan). MATERIALS AND SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: From May 2013 to April 2015, 77 patients underwent single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy with this retraction technique. During the same period, conventional laparoscopic cholecystectomy was performed in 85 patients; these patients were the control group. The patients' data, including the operative time, total blood loss, conversion rate to laparotomy, and perioperative complications, were compared. Alexis® Wound Retractor XS (Applied Medical, Tokyo, Japan) was inserted through a 25-30-mm vertical transumbilical incision to prevent bile contamination. Next, a SILS Port (Covidien, Tokyo, Japan) was inserted. A flexible 5-mm laparoscope was inserted through the port with a grasper (SILS Clinch, Covidien) and a normal 5-mm scalpel. The fundus of the gallbladder was tied by the ENDOLOOP. The Lapaherclosure was then directly inserted through a right lower intercostal space to capture and pull the Lapaherclosure out. After the cystic artery and duct were cut, the resected gallbladder was directly extracted from the umbilical incision. DISCUSSION: Several methods and devices have been developed to perform single-incision laparoscopic cholecystectomy, including the suturing method, the Mini Loop Retractor II (Covidien), and the EndoGrab (Virtual Ports, Caesarea, Israel). However, considering medical costs and safety, our retraction method seems to be feasible and comparable to existing methods.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/métodos , Vesícula Biliar/cirurgia , Instrumentos Cirúrgicos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
11.
Surg Case Rep ; 4(1): 150, 2018 Dec 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30594949

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Solitary fibrous tumor (SFT) is a rare mesenchymal tumor originating from the tissue underlying the mesothelial layer of the pleura or mediastinum. Other reported sites include the upper respiratory tract, orbit, thyroid, peritoneum, and central nervous system. CASE PRESENTATION: We describe a case of a 7 cm SFT that originated in the cystic plate. A liver tumor was an incidental finding in a 49-year-old woman during a regular radiological checkup for uterine fibroids. Imaging revealed a well-circumscribed solid mass between the gallbladder and liver. Intraoperative laparoscopy identified a soft tumor that had progressively expanded behind the gallbladder which was easily separated from the Laennec's capsule of the liver. Hematoxylin and Eosin and immunohistochemical staining of the tumor tissue found both tangled and patterned arrangements of spindle cells consistent with a SFT derived from the subserosal layer of the gallbladder. CONCLUSIONS: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of a SFT originating in the cystic plate.

12.
Oncol Lett ; 16(2): 2682-2692, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30008944

RESUMO

The only current curative treatment for patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) is surgical resection, and certain patients still succumb to disease shortly after complete surgical resection. Wilms' tumor 1 (WT1) serves an oncogenic role in various types of tumors; therefore, in the present study, WT1 protein expression in patients with PDA was analyzed and the association with overall survival (OS) and disease-free survival (DFS) time in patients with PDA was assessed following surgical resection. A total of 50 consecutive patients with PDA who received surgical resection between January 2005 and December 2015 at the Jikei University Kashiwa Hospital (Kashiwa, Chiba, Japan) were enrolled. WT1 protein expression in PDA tissue was measured using immunohistochemical staining. Furthermore, laboratory parameters were measured within 2 weeks of surgery, and systemic inflammatory response markers were evaluated. WT1 protein expression was detected in the nucleus and cytoplasm of all PDA cells and in tumor vessels. WT1 exhibited weak staining in the nuclei of all PDA cells; however, the cytoplasmic expression of WT1 levels was classified into four groups: Negative (n=0), weak (n=19), moderate (n=23) and strong (n=8). In patients with PDA, it was demonstrated that the OS and DFS times of patients with weak cytoplasmic WT1 expression were significantly prolonged compared with those of patients with moderate-to-strong cytoplasmic WT1 expression, as determined by log-rank test (P=0.0005 and P=0.0001, respectively). Furthermore, an association between the density of WT1-expressing tumor vessels and worse OS/DFS times was detected. Multivariate analysis also indicated a significant association between the overexpression of WT1 in PDA tissue and worse OS/DFS times. To the best of our knowledge, the present study is the first to demonstrate that moderate-to-strong overexpression of WT1 in the cytoplasm of PDA cells is significantly associated with worse OS/DFS times. Therefore, overexpression of WT1 in the cytoplasm of PDA cells may impact the recurrence and prognosis of patients with PDA following surgical resection. The results further support the development of WT1-targeted therapies to prolong survival in all patients with PDA.

13.
Clin J Gastroenterol ; 11(6): 507-513, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29923164

RESUMO

Portal vein thrombosis (PVT) is caused by several conditions including infection, malignancies, surgery, medications, and coagulation disorders. However, PVT caused by low-energy injury is very rare. A 51-year-old man visited a clinic with a 2-day history of abdominal pain following blunt abdominal trauma. Contrast-enhanced computed tomography (CT) revealed thrombosis in both the portal vein and splenic vein, and he was transferred to our hospital with a diagnosis of PVT. Anticoagulant therapy was initiated using unfractionated heparin. A repeat CT scan revealed enlargement of the thrombus, which occluded the main trunk and first right branch of the portal vein. Laboratory data before heparin administration suggested low protein C activity. Anticoagulation therapy was continued with intermittent assessment of the size of the thrombus and degree of coagulation. On day 23, enhanced CT showed marked shrinkage of the thrombus compared with that on day 8. On day 30, the patient was discharged with a therapeutic prothrombin time-international normalized ratio. Here we present a case of PVT caused by low-energy trauma of the upper abdomen in a patient with a background of low protein C activity that was successfully treated without invasive surgery.


Assuntos
Traumatismos Abdominais/complicações , Veia Porta , Deficiência de Proteína C/complicações , Trombose Venosa/etiologia , Ferimentos não Penetrantes/complicações , Anticoagulantes/uso terapêutico , Quimioterapia Combinada , Heparina/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Trombose Venosa/sangue , Trombose Venosa/tratamento farmacológico , Varfarina/uso terapêutico
14.
Asian J Endosc Surg ; 11(1): 79-82, 2018 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29485250

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Recent advances in single-incision laparoscopic surgery (SILS) have caused increased difficulties when tying knots because of the limited working space. Although extracorporeal knot-tying techniques may be a practical alternative choice in SILS, it is not always appropriate. For example, sliding resistance may be encountered when tying knots for a Z-shaped suture, and it could damage the sutured tissue. MATERIALS AND SURGICAL TECHNIQUE: The clinch knot is a kind of slipknot that has been historically used by fishermen. We modified it for SILS so that it has a locking mechanism caused by knot deformation. We apply pre-tied modified clinch (MC) knots in the peritoneal cavity with a needle driver. After the suture, the needle is pulled through the knot and exits out the trocar. After the MC knot has been tightened, locking is achieved by pulling the other end of the axial thread and folding the thread in an acute angle. Because both ends of the suture thread leave the trocar together, every step can be carried out quickly through a single trocar. The MC knot can also be used to tie knots for Z-shaped sutures because of its short sliding distance. Twelve simple interrupted sutures and 55 Z-shaped sutures were tied by MC knot in SILS. All knots were successfully tied, and the mean required time to tie a knot was 27 s. DISCUSSION: The MC knot is feasible knot-tying procedure especially for a Z-shaped suture during SILS.


Assuntos
Laparoscópios , Laparoscopia/métodos , Técnicas de Sutura , Resistência à Tração , Humanos , Laparoscopia/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/instrumentação , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Âncoras de Sutura
15.
World J Surg ; 42(3): 766-772, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28920152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We started performing sentinel node navigation surgery (SNNS) for patients with early gastric cancer (EGC) using infrared ray electronic endoscopy (IREE) with indocyanine green injection from year 2000. The EGCs usually have complex lymphatic drainage, unidirectional or multidirectional lymphatic flow. In this study, we investigated and clarified factors that affect the direction of gastric lymphatic drainage. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Consecutive 60 patients with EGC who underwent SNNS by IREE from year 2006 to 2014 were enrolled to this study. Patients' age, gender, location of tumors, operative method, previous treatment by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), presence of pathological ulcerative scar and maximum tumor diameter were enrolled as parameters which may affect direction of lymphatic drainage and analyzed. RESULT: Bivariate analysis demonstrated that the presence of pathological ulcerative scar (P = 0.01), tumor location (g.c vs. a.w vs. p.w vs. l.c, P = 0.01), and maxim tumor diameter (P = 0.0003) were relevant to direction of gastric lymphatic drainage. Multivariate analysis showed that tumor location (g.c/a.w/p.w vs. l.c, odds ratio 8.227, P = 0.011) and the maximum tumor diameter (odds ratio 1.057, P = 0.037) are independent factors that affect direction of gastric lymphatic flow. Of tumors, 78% located at lesser curvature had unidirectional lymphatic drainage, and 93% of tumors whose diameter was 40 mm and more had multidirectional lymphatic drainage. CONCLUSION: Our investigation revealed that the tumor location and tumor diameter were the key factors which affect the direction of lymphatic drainage, which is useful fact to understand the complexity of gastric lymphatic drainage.


Assuntos
Vasos Linfáticos/anatomia & histologia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Feminino , Gastroscopia/métodos , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina , Raios Infravermelhos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Metástase Linfática , Vasos Linfáticos/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
16.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci ; 25(1): 73-86, 2018 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29095575

RESUMO

In some cases, laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC) may be difficult to perform in patients with acute cholecystitis (AC) with severe inflammation and fibrosis. The Tokyo Guidelines 2018 (TG18) expand the indications for LC under difficult conditions for each level of severity of AC. As a result of expanding the indications for LC to treat AC, it is absolutely necessary to avoid any increase in bile duct injury (BDI), particularly vasculo-biliary injury (VBI), which is known to occur at a certain rate in LC. Since the Tokyo Guidelines 2013 (TG13), an attempt has been made to assess intraoperative findings as objective indicators of surgical difficulty; based on expert consensus on these difficulty indicators, bail-out procedures (including conversion to open cholecystectomy) have been indicated for cases in which LC for AC is difficult to perform. A bail-out procedure should be chosen if, when the Calot's triangle is appropriately retracted and used as a landmark, a critical view of safety (CVS) cannot be achieved because of the presence of nondissectable scarring or severe fibrosis. We propose standardized safe steps for LC to treat AC. To achieve a CVS, it is vital to dissect at a location above (on the ventral side of) the imaginary line connecting the base of the left medial section (Segment 4) and the roof of Rouvière's sulcus and to fulfill the three criteria of CVS before dividing any structures. Achieving a CVS prevents the misidentification of the cystic duct and the common bile duct, which are most commonly confused. Free full articles and mobile app of TG18 are available at: http://www.jshbps.jp/modules/en/index.php?content_id=47. Related clinical questions and references are also included.


Assuntos
Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/métodos , Colecistite Aguda/cirurgia , Guias de Prática Clínica como Assunto , Gravação em Vídeo , Colecistectomia Laparoscópica/efeitos adversos , Colecistite Aguda/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Seleção de Pacientes , Prognóstico , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Tóquio , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Oncol Lett ; 13(6): 4799-4805, 2017 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28599481

RESUMO

Patients with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDA) typically succumb to mortality early, even following surgical resection. Therefore, prognostic factors associated with early mortality are required to improve the survival of patients with PDA following surgical resection. Carbohydrate sulfotransferase 15 (CHST15) is responsible for the biosynthesis of sulfated chondroitin sulfate E (CS-E), which serves a pivotal function in cancer progression by cleaving CD44. CHST15 and CD44 expression in PDA tissue were assessed as a prognostic factor in patients with PDA following surgical resection. A total of 36 consecutive patients with PDA were enrolled following surgical resection between January 2008 and December 2014. The intensities of CHST15 and CD44 expression were analyzed by immunohistochemical staining. The recurrence period was significantly earlier in the strong CHST15 expression group compared with the negative-to-moderate CHST15 expression group. Overall survival (OS) was also significantly decreased in the strong CHST15 expression group compared with the negative-to-moderate CHST15 expression group. Multivariate analysis also indicated significant associations between CHST15 overexpression and disease-free survival (DFS) and OS. However, expression of CD44 in PDA tissue was not associated with DFS or OS. The present study has demonstrated for the first time that high CHST15 expression in PDA tissue may represent a potential predictive marker of DFS and OS in patients with PDA following surgical resection.

18.
J Hepatobiliary Pancreat Sci ; 23(10): E20-E24, 2016 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27561734

RESUMO

Positive surgical margin of extrapancreatic nerve plexus (ENP) is a major cause of non-curative resection during pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for periampullary carcinoma (PC), which is difficult to detect at the early stage of PD. We describe a novel surgical technique using an isolating tape (iTape)-oriented ENP-first dissection (IOEFD) during PD. The iTape is firstly passed through the retroperitoneal space between ENP and inferior vena cava. Then, the iTape is further extracted from major vessels such as the common hepatic and superior mesenteric artery. Consequently, the iTape encircles ENP alone. By tugging both ends of the iTape and vessel tapes to various directions from the caudal and cranial side of the pancreas, ENP is individually dissected without dividing any organ or tissue. Ten patients with periampullary carcinomas, consisting of one distal bile duct carcinoma, four ampullary carcinomas and five pancreatic head carcinomas underwent IOEFD during PD. Among these, nine underwent PDs after confirming negative surgical margin of ENP by IOEFD, while in the other case, PD was abandoned and converted to digestive bypass because of positive ENP margin during IOEFD. By final pathological diagnosis, R0 resection has been established in all nine patients who underwent PD with IOEFDs. Our pilot study indicated that inappropriate non-curative resection can be avoided by IOEFD during PD.


Assuntos
Ampola Hepatopancreática/cirurgia , Margens de Excisão , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/cirurgia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/métodos , Fita Cirúrgica , Idoso , Ampola Hepatopancreática/patologia , Plexo Braquial , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Cuidados Intraoperatórios/métodos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pâncreas/inervação , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/parasitologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Pancreaticoduodenectomia/mortalidade , Projetos Piloto , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Surg Laparosc Endosc Percutan Tech ; 26(4): 319-23, 2016 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27438173

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Validation of laparoscopic total gastrectomy (LTG) for patients with gastric cancer has not been fully investigated. In particular, the technique for esophagojejunostomy remains controversial. We performed 103 cases of LTG for patients with gastric cancer between 2007 and 2013, in which all esophagojejunostomy reconstruction was performed with intracorporeal circular stapling esophagojejunostomy using the OrVil system except for the first 3 cases. The purpose of this study is to retrospectively analyze the clinical usefulness of LTG with intracorporeal circular stapling esophagojejunostomy using the OrVil system and oncological feasibility of LTG as compared with open total gastrectomy (OTG). PATIENTS AND METHOD: We retrospectively analyzed clinical course of consecutive 100 operations with LTG in comparison with consecutive 53 operations with OTG for patients with gastric cancer. As an estimation of short-term outcome, operative time, blood loss, postoperative hospital days and postoperative data of blood and drain examination were included. Moreover, relapse-free survival time and overall survival time stratified by each stage were calculated by log-rank test as an estimation of prognostic relevance. RESULTS: Blood loss and postoperative hospital stay of LTG were significantly less than that of OTG. Postoperative complications were equivalent between the 2 groups and no patient died within 1 month post-LTG. Only 1 patient had recurrence and died for carcinomatosa peritonitis 50 months after LTG (median follow-up period: 44 mo). CONCLUSIONS: Our experience revealed that LTG with intracorporeal circular stapling esophagojejunostomy using the OrVil system could be performed safely and with acceptable oncological outcome for patients with gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Idoso , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Metástase Linfática , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Resultado do Tratamento
20.
Surg Case Rep ; 1(1): 60, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26366357

RESUMO

Hemorrhage from ruptured pseudoaneurysm is a rapidly progressing and potentially fatal complication after pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD). Stent graft placement for hepatic artery pseudoaneurysm has recently been reported as a valid alternative to transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE). We report a case of pseudoaneurysm of the common hepatic artery (CHA) with distal arterial stenosis treated by stent graft placement for pseudoaneurysm and balloon dilation for arterial stenosis due to pancreatic fistula after PD. A 67-year-old man underwent PD for intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm with concomitant early gastric cancer. After the operation, pancreatic fistula developed, for which conservative management by drainage was continued. On the postoperative day 30, melena started. Emergency abdominal angiography revealed a pseudoaneurysm in the CHA, as well as distal arterial stenosis extending from the proper hepatic artery (PHA) to bilateral hepatic arteries. The portal vein was also stenotic due to pancreatic fistula, for which TAE was not judged suitable because of the risk of liver failure. Therefore, stent graft placement and balloon dilation were chosen. Three pieces of coronary covered stent were placed in a coaxial overlapping manner followed by balloon dilation of the proper and left hepatic arteries. Balloon dilation of the right hepatic artery failed by technical reasons. Completion arteriography confirmed the patency from the CHA to the left hepatic artery as well as the exclusion of the pseudoaneurysm. A liver abscess that developed in the right hepatic lobe after intervention was successfully treated by percutaneous drainage, and the patient discharged on day 27 after stent graft placement. Non-embolic management with preservation of the liver arterial flow may be an option for complicated pseudoaneurysm after PD.

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