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1.
Anticancer Res ; 40(1): 81-86, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31892555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND/AIM: Zinc finger protein ZKSCAN3 (ZNF306) is a promising oncogene candidate in colon, bladder, breast, uterine cervical, and prostate cancers. The present study aimed to investigate ZKSCAN3 protein expression in gastric carcinoma patient tissues and to evaluate oncological outcomes in these patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: ZKSCAN3 was detected using the anti-ZKSCAN3 rabbit polyclonal antibody. For immunohistochemical examination, we used paraffin-embedded specimens from 87 consecutive patients with gastric cancer who underwent gastrectomy. We investigated ZKSCAN3 expression in relation with patient prognosis and clinicopathological factors. RESULTS: ZKSCAN3 was detected in 28 (32.2%) tumour specimens, with significant association with lymphatic system invasion and distant metastasis. Patients with ZKSCAN3-positive tumours had worse overall survival (OS) than those with ZKSCAN3-negative tumours based on log-rank testing. Furthermore, multivariate analysis revealed that ZKSCAN3 was an independent prognostic parameter for OS (hazard ratio: 2.6379, p=0.0164). CONCLUSION: ZKSCAN3 is a potential novel prognostic factor in gastric cancer patients.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores Tumorais , Neoplasias Gástricas/genética , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Fatores de Transcrição/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Feminino , Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imuno-Histoquímica , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Metástase Neoplásica , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Recidiva , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/metabolismo
2.
World J Surg ; 42(3): 766-772, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28920152

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: We started performing sentinel node navigation surgery (SNNS) for patients with early gastric cancer (EGC) using infrared ray electronic endoscopy (IREE) with indocyanine green injection from year 2000. The EGCs usually have complex lymphatic drainage, unidirectional or multidirectional lymphatic flow. In this study, we investigated and clarified factors that affect the direction of gastric lymphatic drainage. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Consecutive 60 patients with EGC who underwent SNNS by IREE from year 2006 to 2014 were enrolled to this study. Patients' age, gender, location of tumors, operative method, previous treatment by endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD), presence of pathological ulcerative scar and maximum tumor diameter were enrolled as parameters which may affect direction of lymphatic drainage and analyzed. RESULT: Bivariate analysis demonstrated that the presence of pathological ulcerative scar (P = 0.01), tumor location (g.c vs. a.w vs. p.w vs. l.c, P = 0.01), and maxim tumor diameter (P = 0.0003) were relevant to direction of gastric lymphatic drainage. Multivariate analysis showed that tumor location (g.c/a.w/p.w vs. l.c, odds ratio 8.227, P = 0.011) and the maximum tumor diameter (odds ratio 1.057, P = 0.037) are independent factors that affect direction of gastric lymphatic flow. Of tumors, 78% located at lesser curvature had unidirectional lymphatic drainage, and 93% of tumors whose diameter was 40 mm and more had multidirectional lymphatic drainage. CONCLUSION: Our investigation revealed that the tumor location and tumor diameter were the key factors which affect the direction of lymphatic drainage, which is useful fact to understand the complexity of gastric lymphatic drainage.


Assuntos
Vasos Linfáticos/anatomia & histologia , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Análise de Variância , Feminino , Gastroscopia/métodos , Humanos , Verde de Indocianina , Raios Infravermelhos , Excisão de Linfonodo/métodos , Metástase Linfática , Vasos Linfáticos/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
4.
World J Gastroenterol ; 22(33): 7431-9, 2016 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27672266

RESUMO

Accurate prediction of lymph node (LN) status is crucially important for appropriate treatment planning in patients with early gastric cancer (EGC). However, consensus on patient and tumor characteristics associated with LN metastasis are yet to be reached. Through systematic search, we identified several independent variables associated with LN metastasis in EGC, which should be included in future research to assess which of these variables remain as significant predictors of LN metastasis. On the other hand, even if we use these promising parameters, we should realize the limitation and the difficulty of predicting LN metastasis accurately. The sentinel LN (SLN) is defined as first possible site to receive cancer cells along the route of lymphatic drainage from the primary tumor. The absence of metastasis in SLN is believed to correlate with the absence of metastasis in downstream LNs. In this review, we have attempted to focus on several independent parameters which have close relationship between tumor and LN metastasis in EGC. In addition, we evaluated the history of sentinel node navigation surgery and the usefulness for EGC.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia , Metástase Linfática/diagnóstico , Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Neoplasias Gástricas/diagnóstico , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia
5.
Surg Endosc ; 30(4): 1380-7, 2016 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26123337

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the short-term surgical outcomes of laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer in elderly patients in order to determine the safety, feasibility, and risk factors for postoperative complications associated with this procedure. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 208 patients who underwent laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer between January 2007 and September 2014. After excluding 15 patients with unusual medical histories or surgical treatments, 193 were selected for this cohort study. We divided the patients into two cohorts: elderly patients (≥75 years old) and non-elderly patients (<74 years old). We compared these cohorts with respect to clinicopathological characteristics and intraoperative and postoperative parameters. RESULTS: The overall complication rates were 11.4% (8 of 70 patients) in the elderly cohort and 8.1% (10 of 123 patients) in the non-elderly cohort (P = 0.449). In a univariate analysis, Charlson comorbidity index (CCI) of ≥3, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) score of 3, operative time of ≥330 min, and intraoperative blood loss of ≥50 ml were found to correlate significantly with postoperative complications. In a multivariate analysis, CCI of ≥3 (P = 0.034), ASA score of 3 (P = 0.019), and intraoperative blood loss of ≥50 ml (P = 0.016) were found to be independent risk factors of postoperative complications. In contrast, age was not found to significantly affect the risk of postoperative complications. CONCLUSIONS: Laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer can be successfully performed in elderly patients with an acceptable complication rate. This study suggested that high CCI, ASA score, and intraoperative blood loss volume were identified as independent predictors of postoperative complications after laparoscopic gastrectomy for gastric cancer.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Assistência ao Convalescente , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Duração da Cirurgia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Neoplasias Gástricas/mortalidade , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências
6.
Surg Endosc ; 30(8): 3573-81, 2016 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26541736

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the short-term surgical outcomes and cost-benefits following totally laparoscopic distal gastrectomy (TLDG) and laparoscopy-assisted distal gastrectomy (LADG) for the treatment of gastric cancer. METHODS: Between April 2007 and December 2013, a total of 100 patients with gastric cancer underwent laparoscopic distal gastrectomy. The patients were classified into two groups according to whether intracorporeal anastomosis or extracorporeal anastomosis had been performed. The comparison between the groups was based on clinicopathological characteristics and surgical and economic outcomes. RESULTS: There were 57 and 43 patients who underwent TLDG and LADG, respectively. The patients' demographics and tumor characteristics did not show any statistically significant differences with the exception for tumor location. In the LADG group, tumors were localized to relatively higher positions (p = 0.024) and received Roux-en-Y reconstruction more frequently (p < 0.001). There were no differences in the incidence of morbidity. Anastomotic leakage was not recorded in either group, although anastomotic stenosis occurred in one patient (1.8 %) after TLDG and in two patients (4.7 %) after LADG. Compared with the LADG group, the TLDG group was associated with significantly less operative blood loss (p < 0.001), a shorter time to oral intake (p = 0.012), and hospital stay (p = 0.018). The median operation costs were greater in the TLDG group than in the LADG group (¥982,000 in TLDG vs. ¥879,830 in LADG; p < 0.001), whereas the median total hospital costs were similar between the two groups (¥1302,665 in LADG vs. ¥1383,322 in TLDG: p = 0.119). CONCLUSION: This study suggests that TLDG is as technically feasible, safe, and effective as LADG for treating patients with gastric cancer. Furthermore, TLDG is associated with equivalent total hospital costs compared with LADG. The increased operation cost is offset by the decreased costs associated with longer periods of hospitalization.


Assuntos
Gastrectomia/economia , Gastrectomia/métodos , Laparoscopia/economia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Perda Sanguínea Cirúrgica , Feminino , Custos Hospitalares , Humanos , Japão , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos
7.
Nihon Shokakibyo Gakkai Zasshi ; 109(11): 1927-32, 2012 Nov.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23132037

RESUMO

A 40-year-old woman underwent radical hysterectomy and postoperative radiotherapy for uterine cervical squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) 6 years previously. She was referred to our department for the treatment of a rectal lesion located in the posterior wall approximately 8 cm from the anal verge. She underwent low anterior resection because the lesion was diagnosed as SCC by preoperative endoscopic biopsy. Pathological examination of the resected lesion demonstrated a 3 × 3-cm solid tumor expanding mainly in the muscularis propria layer and infiltrating the mucosal layer without lymph node involvement. Moreover, it was diagnosed as metastatic SCC from the uterine cervical tumor. No recurrence has been detected over 5 years after resection. The prognosis of SCC of the rectum without lymph node metastasis has been considered similar to that of node-negative adenocarcinoma of the rectum. Thus, if there is no distant metastasis and/or peritoneal dissemination, aggressive surgical resection should be performed to ensure a good prognosis.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Neoplasias Retais/secundário , Neoplasias do Colo do Útero/patologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Retais/patologia
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