Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 38
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396611

RESUMO

We aimed to examine the relationship between APOE*4 carriage on cognitive decline, and whether these associations were moderated by sex, baseline age, ethnicity, and vascular risk factors. Participants were 19,225 individuals aged 54-103 years from 15 longitudinal cohort studies with a mean follow up duration ranging between 1.2 and 10.7 years. Two-step individual participant data (IPD) meta-analysis was used to pool results of study-wise analyses predicting memory and general cognitive decline from carriage of one or two APOE*4 alleles, and moderation of these associations by age, sex, vascular risk factors and ethnicity. Separate pooled estimates were calculated in both men and women who were younger (i.e., 62 years) and older (i.e., 80 years) at baseline. Results showed that APOE*4 carriage was related to faster general cognitive decline in women, and faster memory decline in men. A stronger dose-dependent effect was observed in older men, with faster general cognitive and memory decline in those carrying two versus one APOE*4 allele. Vascular risk factors were related to an increased effect of APOE*4 on memory decline in younger women, but a weaker effect of APOE*4 on general cognitive decline in older men. The relationship between APOE*4 carriage and memory decline was larger in older-aged Asians than Whites. In sum, APOE*4 is related to cognitive decline in men and women, although these effects are enhanced by age and carriage of two APOE*4 alleles in men, a higher numbers of vascular risk factors during the early stages of late adulthood in women, and Asian ethnicity.

2.
Aging Ment Health ; 24(1): 186-192, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30270640

RESUMO

Objectives: Hong Kong - Vigilance and Memory Test (HK-VMT) is developed to distinguish early cognitive impairment in the pre-symptomatic phase from normal cognitive ageing in older adults. The objectives were to validate HK-VMT to differentiate mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and healthy control (HC), and to explore the cut-off scores for different educational levels.Method: A total of 606 older adults underwent the HK-VMT and conventional cognitive tests. HK-VMT is a 15 minutes cognitive battery that assesses episodic memory, attention, and visuospatial ability. The HK-VMT total is the sum of accuracy of all subtests with a range of 0 to 40. Differences in socio-demographic and clinical characteristics between groups were explored. Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analyses were used to compare HK-VMT and Cantonese Mini Mental State Examination (CMMSE). A sample of 50 participants repeated the HK-VMT in 1 month to evaluate test-retest reliability.Results: ROC analysis of Area Under Curve (AUC) demonstrated that HK-VMT (AUC 0.793) was comparable to CMMSE (AUC 0.748) in differentiating MCI from HC in a matched sample. A cutoff at 21/22 was chosen yielding a sensitivity of 86.1% and a specificity of 75.3% for differentiating MCI and HC. Test-retest reliability of HK-VMT total was 0.71 (p<.001) in a month time.Conclusion: HK-VMT has demonstrated satisfactory validity in detecting cognitive impairment with good test-retest reliability in local older adults. It also performed favourably in the highly educated group when compared to CMMSE.

3.
AIDS Care ; 32(1): 12-20, 2020 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31142146

RESUMO

This study was to compare global and domain-specific neurocognitive performance between older people living with HIV (PLWH) taking/not taking efavirenz (EFV) and HIV-negative controls. A cross-sectional study was conducted in Yongzhou city, China. All PLWH older than 50 years listed on the registry of Centres for Disease Control and Prevention were invited to join the study. Frequency matching was used to sample HIV-negative controls according to the distribution of age, sex, and years of formal education of older PLWH. A total of 308 older PLWH and 350 HIV-negative controls completed the face-to-face interview and neurocognitive assessment using the comprehensive neuropsychological test battery. After adjusting for significant confounders, older PLWH taking EFV showed poorer performance in memory (p = 0.020), verbal fluency (p = 0.002), and poorer global neurocognitive performance (p = 0.032) than those without EFV use. Compared to HIV-negative controls, older PLWH taking EFV had poorer performance in all neurocognitive domains (p values: <0.001-0.003) and poorer global neurocognitive performance (p < 0.001). Similar trends were observed when comparing older PLWH without using EFV versus HIV-negative controls, with the exception of verbal fluency (p = 0.560). Health care workers should monitor the neuropsychological performance of older PLWH, epically those who were taking EFV. Longitudinal studies are warranted.

4.
PLoS Med ; 16(7): e1002853, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31335910

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: With no effective treatments for cognitive decline or dementia, improving the evidence base for modifiable risk factors is a research priority. This study investigated associations between risk factors and late-life cognitive decline on a global scale, including comparisons between ethno-regional groups. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We harmonized longitudinal data from 20 population-based cohorts from 15 countries over 5 continents, including 48,522 individuals (58.4% women) aged 54-105 (mean = 72.7) years and without dementia at baseline. Studies had 2-15 years of follow-up. The risk factors investigated were age, sex, education, alcohol consumption, anxiety, apolipoprotein E ε4 allele (APOE*4) status, atrial fibrillation, blood pressure and pulse pressure, body mass index, cardiovascular disease, depression, diabetes, self-rated health, high cholesterol, hypertension, peripheral vascular disease, physical activity, smoking, and history of stroke. Associations with risk factors were determined for a global cognitive composite outcome (memory, language, processing speed, and executive functioning tests) and Mini-Mental State Examination score. Individual participant data meta-analyses of multivariable linear mixed model results pooled across cohorts revealed that for at least 1 cognitive outcome, age (B = -0.1, SE = 0.01), APOE*4 carriage (B = -0.31, SE = 0.11), depression (B = -0.11, SE = 0.06), diabetes (B = -0.23, SE = 0.10), current smoking (B = -0.20, SE = 0.08), and history of stroke (B = -0.22, SE = 0.09) were independently associated with poorer cognitive performance (p < 0.05 for all), and higher levels of education (B = 0.12, SE = 0.02) and vigorous physical activity (B = 0.17, SE = 0.06) were associated with better performance (p < 0.01 for both). Age (B = -0.07, SE = 0.01), APOE*4 carriage (B = -0.41, SE = 0.18), and diabetes (B = -0.18, SE = 0.10) were independently associated with faster cognitive decline (p < 0.05 for all). Different effects between Asian people and white people included stronger associations for Asian people between ever smoking and poorer cognition (group by risk factor interaction: B = -0.24, SE = 0.12), and between diabetes and cognitive decline (B = -0.66, SE = 0.27; p < 0.05 for both). Limitations of our study include a loss or distortion of risk factor data with harmonization, and not investigating factors at midlife. CONCLUSIONS: These results suggest that education, smoking, physical activity, diabetes, and stroke are all modifiable factors associated with cognitive decline. If these factors are determined to be causal, controlling them could minimize worldwide levels of cognitive decline. However, any global prevention strategy may need to consider ethno-regional differences.


Assuntos
Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/etnologia , Grupos Étnicos/psicologia , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Comorbidade , Diabetes Mellitus/etnologia , Exercício Físico , Feminino , Educação em Saúde , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Fumar/efeitos adversos , Fumar/etnologia , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/etnologia
5.
Int Psychogeriatr ; 31(4): 467-475, 2019 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30426917

RESUMO

ABSTRACTObjectives:Loneliness and social networks have been extensively studied in relation to cognitive impairments, but how they interact with each other in relation to cognition is still unclear. This study aimed at exploring the interaction of loneliness and various types of social networks in relation to cognition in older adults. DESIGN: a cross-sectional study. SETTING: face-to-face interview. PARTICIPANTS: 497 older adults with normal global cognition were interviewed. MEASUREMENTS: Loneliness was assessed with Chinese 6-item De Jong Gierverg's Loneliness Scale. Confiding network was defined as people who could share inner feelings with, whereas non-confiding network was computed by subtracting the confiding network from the total network size. Cognitive performance was expressed as a global composite z-score of Cantonese version of mini mental state examination (CMMSE), Categorical verbal fluency test (CVFT) and delayed recall. Linear regression was used to test the main effects of loneliness and the size of various networks, and their interaction on cognitive performance with the adjustment of sociodemographic, physical and psychological confounders. RESULTS: Significant interaction was found between loneliness and non-confiding network on cognitive performance (B = .002, ß = .092, t = 2.099, p = .036). Further analysis showed a significant interaction between loneliness and the number of family members in non-confiding network on cognition (B = .021, ß = .119, t = 2.775, p = .006). CONCLUSIONS: Results suggested that a non-confiding relationship with family members might put lonely older adults at risk of cognitive impairment. Our study might have implications on designing psychosocial intervention for those who are vulnerable to loneliness as an early prevention of neurocognitive impairments.


Assuntos
Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva , Relações Familiares/psicologia , Solidão/psicologia , Apoio Social , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , China/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/prevenção & controle , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica/métodos , Humanos , Masculino , Testes de Estado Mental e Demência , Carência Psicossocial , Comportamento Verbal
6.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 64(3): 815-826, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29914037

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Memory and learning, as the core brain function, shows controversial results across studies focusing on aging and dementia. One of the reasons is because of the multi-faceted nature of memory and learning. However, there is still a dearth of comparable proxies with psychometric and morphometric portrait in clinical and non-clinical populations. OBJECTIVE: We aim to investigate the proxies of memory and learning function with direct and derived measures and examine their associations with morphometric features in senior adults with different cognitive status. METHODS: Based on two modality-driven tests, we assessed the component-specific memory and learning in the individuals with high performing (HP), normal aging, and neurocognitive disorders (NCD) (n = 488). Structural magnetic resonance imaging was used to measure the regional cortical thickness with surface-based morphometry analysis in a subsample (n = 52). METHODS: Compared with HP elderly, the ones with normal aging and minor NCD showed declined recognition memory and working memory, whereas had better learning performance (derived scores). Meanwhile, major NCD patients showed more breakdowns of memory and learning function. The correlation between proxies of memory and learning and cortical thickness exhibited the overlapped and unique neural underpinnings. CONCLUSIONS: The proxies of memory and learning could be characterized by component-specific constructs with psychometric and morphometric bases. Overall, the constructs of memory are more likely related to the pathological changes, and the constructs of learning tend to reflect the cognitive abilities of compensation.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Mapeamento Encefálico , Córtex Cerebral/diagnóstico por imagem , Transtornos Cognitivos/complicações , Transtornos da Memória/etiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Transtornos Cognitivos/diagnóstico por imagem , Feminino , Humanos , Processamento de Imagem Assistida por Computador , Vida Independente , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Transtornos da Memória/diagnóstico por imagem , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Curva ROC , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
7.
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 33(5): 748-754, 2018 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29297937

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Prospective studies on late-life anxiety disorders suggested that history of anxiety symptoms may be predictive of cognitive decline in old age. However, the relationship between anxiety and cognitive decline is still inconclusive due to heterogeneity in sample and methodology. This study was to explore how baseline anxiety symptoms associated with the change of memory in older people without cognitive impairment over a 3-year period. METHODS: This was a 3-year prospective study on 91 cognitively normal older adults with anxiety symptoms. They were matched with 91 controls based on age, gender, and education. Anxiety symptoms were assessed with Revised Clinical Interview Schedule (CIS-R). Physical health was assessed with Chronic Illness Rating Scale (CIRS). Cognitive performance was measured using Cantonese version of the mini-mental state examination (CMMSE); 10-minute delay recall; Category verbal fluency test (CVFT); Trail making tests (TMT); and digit and visual span tests. Outcomes were determined as the change of cognitive performance over a 3-year period. RESULTS: As expected, anxiety group had higher score in CIRS score (t = 4.45, P < .001) and CIS-R score (t = 9.24, P < .001) than control group. Linear regression showed that baseline anxiety symptoms were associated with change in delayed recall (B = 0.77, P = 0.027, 95% CI = 0.09-1.46), after adjusting for cognitive performance, physical, and mental health statuses. CONCLUSIONS: Anxious healthy older adults showed specific decline in episodic memory over a 3-year interval. Our result suggested that anxiety symptoms are predictive of episodic memory decline in cognitively healthy older adults and may be an early sign of neurodegenerative disorders.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Memória Episódica , Rememoração Mental , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Doença Crônica/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Análise de Regressão
8.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 58(3): 927-937, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28527207

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Processing speed has been highlighted as a diagnostic item for neurocognitive disorders (NCD) in DSM-5. The utility of information processing speed (IPS) enclosed with multiscale constructs in the diagnosis of NCD warrants exploration. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to investigate the IPS with two types of measurements in the patients with NCD due to vascular disease (NCD-vascular) and NCD due to Alzheimer's disease (NCD-AD), and examine the associations between IPS measures and morphometric features. METHODS: The IPS was evaluated using trail making test (TMT) and flanker test (n = 204). Direct scores, derived scores, and reaction time (RT) were used as IPS measures. Further, surface-based morphometry cortical volume was calculated in a subsample (n = 44) with structural MRI data. RESULTS: All IPS measures showed a significant value to differentiate NCD patients from healthy subjects. Only mean RT could distinguish NCD-AD from NCD-vascular groups. TMT-B score and difference score were correlated with gray matter volume (GMV) of inferior frontal gyrus, precuneus and superior temporal cortex. Mean RT was associated with the GMV of post-central gyrus (r = -0.327, p = 0.035), and executive speed was associated with inferior frontal cortex (r = -0.475, p = 0.001), cingulate gyrus (r = -0.497, p = 0.001), and superior temporal gyrus (r = -0.36, p = 0.019). CONCLUSION: The cognitive and morphometric correlates of IPS measures indicate that complex IPS might be decomposed into the domain-specific components with corresponding neural underpinnings. Our findings may also provide essential insights into the diagnostic item of NCD.


Assuntos
Processos Mentais , Transtornos Neurocognitivos/diagnóstico , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento/patologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Doença de Alzheimer/complicações , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Doença de Alzheimer/psicologia , Área Sob a Curva , Encéfalo/diagnóstico por imagem , Estudos de Coortes , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Manual Diagnóstico e Estatístico de Transtornos Mentais , Feminino , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Transtornos Neurocognitivos/complicações , Curva ROC , Tempo de Reação
9.
PLoS Med ; 14(3): e1002261, 2017 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28323832

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The prevalence of dementia varies around the world, potentially contributed to by international differences in rates of age-related cognitive decline. Our primary goal was to investigate how rates of age-related decline in cognitive test performance varied among international cohort studies of cognitive aging. We also determined the extent to which sex, educational attainment, and apolipoprotein E ε4 allele (APOE*4) carrier status were associated with decline. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We harmonized longitudinal data for 14 cohorts from 12 countries (Australia, Brazil, France, Greece, Hong Kong, Italy, Japan, Singapore, Spain, South Korea, United Kingdom, United States), for a total of 42,170 individuals aged 54-105 y (42% male), including 3.3% with dementia at baseline. The studies began between 1989 and 2011, with all but three ongoing, and each had 2-16 assessment waves (median = 3) and a follow-up duration of 2-15 y. We analyzed standardized Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) and memory, processing speed, language, and executive functioning test scores using linear mixed models, adjusted for sex and education, and meta-analytic techniques. Performance on all cognitive measures declined with age, with the most rapid rate of change pooled across cohorts a moderate -0.26 standard deviations per decade (SD/decade) (95% confidence interval [CI] [-0.35, -0.16], p < 0.001) for processing speed. Rates of decline accelerated slightly with age, with executive functioning showing the largest additional rate of decline with every further decade of age (-0.07 SD/decade, 95% CI [-0.10, -0.03], p = 0.002). There was a considerable degree of heterogeneity in the associations across cohorts, including a slightly faster decline (p = 0.021) on the MMSE for Asians (-0.20 SD/decade, 95% CI [-0.28, -0.12], p < 0.001) than for whites (-0.09 SD/decade, 95% CI [-0.16, -0.02], p = 0.009). Males declined on the MMSE at a slightly slower rate than females (difference = 0.023 SD/decade, 95% CI [0.011, 0.035], p < 0.001), and every additional year of education was associated with a rate of decline slightly slower for the MMSE (0.004 SD/decade less, 95% CI [0.002, 0.006], p = 0.001), but slightly faster for language (-0.007 SD/decade more, 95% CI [-0.011, -0.003], p = 0.001). APOE*4 carriers declined slightly more rapidly than non-carriers on most cognitive measures, with processing speed showing the greatest difference (-0.08 SD/decade, 95% CI [-0.15, -0.01], p = 0.019). The same overall pattern of results was found when analyses were repeated with baseline dementia cases excluded. We used only one test to represent cognitive domains, and though a prototypical one, we nevertheless urge caution in generalizing the results to domains rather than viewing them as test-specific associations. This study lacked cohorts from Africa, India, and mainland China. CONCLUSIONS: Cognitive performance declined with age, and more rapidly with increasing age, across samples from diverse ethnocultural groups and geographical regions. Associations varied across cohorts, suggesting that different rates of cognitive decline might contribute to the global variation in dementia prevalence. However, the many similarities and consistent associations with education and APOE genotype indicate a need to explore how international differences in associations with other risk factors such as genetics, cardiovascular health, and lifestyle are involved. Future studies should attempt to use multiple tests for each cognitive domain and feature populations from ethnocultural groups and geographical regions for which we lacked data.


Assuntos
Apolipoproteínas E/genética , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Escolaridade , Genótipo , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Disfunção Cognitiva/etiologia , Estudos de Coortes , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Risco , Fatores Sexuais
10.
Int Psychogeriatr ; 29(2): 259-267, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27766997

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are prevalent yet under-recognized in late life. We examined the prevalence of anxiety disorders in a representative sample of community dwelling older adults in Hong Kong. METHOD: Data on 1,158 non-demented respondents aged 60-75 years were extracted from the Hong Kong Mental Morbidity survey (HKMMS). Anxiety was assessed with the revised Clinical Interview Schedule (CIS-R). RESULT: One hundred and thirty-seven respondents (11.9%, 95% CI = 10-13.7%) had common mental disorders with a CIS-R score of 12 or above. 8% (95% CI = 6.5-9.6%) had anxiety, 2.2% (95% CI = 1.3-3%) had an anxiety disorder comorbid with depressive disorder, and 1.7% (95% CI = 1-2.5%) had depression. Anxious individuals were more likely to be females (χ 2 = 25.3, p < 0.001), had higher chronic physical burden (t = -9.3, p < 0.001), lower SF-12 physical functioning score (t = 9.2, p < 0.001), and poorer delayed recall (t = 2.3, p = 0.022). The risk of anxiety was higher for females (OR 2.8, 95% C.I. 1.7-4.6, p < 0.001) and those with physical illnesses (OR 1.4, 95% C.I. 1.3-1.6, p < 0.001). The risk of anxiety disorders increased in those with disorders of cardiovascular (OR 1.9, 95% C.I. 1.2-2.9, p = 0.003), musculoskeletal (OR 2.0, 95% C.I. 1.5-2.7, p < 0.001), and genitourinary system (OR 2.0, 95% C.I. 1.3-3.2, p = 0.002). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of anxiety disorders in Hong Kong older population was 8%. Female gender and those with poor physical health were at a greater risk of developing anxiety disorders. Our findings also suggested potential risk for early sign of memory impairment in cognitively healthy individuals with anxiety disorders.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/complicações , Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Depressão/epidemiologia , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Idoso , Cognição , Comorbidade , Feminino , Inquéritos Epidemiológicos , Hong Kong/epidemiologia , Humanos , Vida Independente , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Escalas de Graduação Psiquiátrica , Fatores Sexuais
11.
J Am Med Dir Assoc ; 18(4): 306-311, 2017 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27876478

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: This study investigated the potential of physical exercise habit as a lifestyle modification against cognitive and functional decline at the community level. METHODS: A total of 454 community-dwelling Chinese older adults without dementia participated in the Hong Kong Memory and Ageing Prospective Study at baseline and follow-up at 5 years. Their cognitive and functional performances were assessed by the Cantonese version of the Mini-Mental State Examination (CMMSE) and the Chinese version of Disability Assessment in Dementia (DAD). Hierarchical multiple regression analyses were performed to examine whether physical exercise was a significant predictor of the follow-up CMMSE and DAD scores after controlling for the covariates. Subgroup analyses were performed with a group of 127 participants with mild cognitive impairment at baseline. RESULTS: Physical exercise habit was a significant predictor for both the follow-up CMMSE scores and DAD scores. Participants with exercise habits of 5 years or more showed better cognitive and functional performances at follow-up. Participants who picked up exercise habits only after the baseline assessment also demonstrated better functioning at follow-up. The same patterns were observed in the subgroup analyses with the mild cognitive impairment group. CONCLUSION: Results suggested that prolonged exercise habit is required for positive effects on cognition to emerge, but benefits on functioning can be observed when individuals take up an exercise habit later in life or even after the beginning of cognitive decline. These findings are encouraging in promoting an exercise habit among older adults living in the community.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/reabilitação , Terapia por Exercício/psicologia , Idoso , Feminino , Hong Kong , Humanos , Masculino , Estudos Prospectivos
12.
Int J Geriatr Psychiatry ; 32(7): 742-749, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27280741

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Previous studies have reported that the prevalence of late life anxiety disorders varies between 3.2% and 15.3%. Despite its high prevalence, anxiety disorders are still under-recognized in old age. This study evaluated the association among health, psychosocial factors, lifestyle choices, cognitive function and anxiety disorders in the older population in Hong Kong. METHODS: Six hundred and thirteen volunteer participants aged 60 years or above were interviewed for their socio-demographic background, physical and mental health statuses, social network, cognitive function and their activity engagement style. Ascertainment of diagnosis of anxiety disorders was based on the use of ICD-10 diagnostic criteria generated by the Revised Clinical Interview Schedule (CIS-R) algorithms. RESULTS: According to the ICD-10 diagnostic criteria generated by the CIS-R algorithms, 4.4% (N = 27) had mixed anxiety and depressive disorder, 2.5% (N = 15) had generalized anxiety disorders and 0.2% (N = 1) had other anxiety disorders (Phobia). Individuals with anxiety disorders had more gastrointestinal conditions (OR = 2.66, 95% CI 1.48-4.76) and genitourinary problems (OR = 1.96, 95% CI 1.05-3.65), poor 10-min delayed recall (OR = 0.68, 95% CI 0.56-0.83), worse abstract thinking (OR = 0.65, 95% CI 0.49-0.85) and poor social networking in confidante relationship (OR = 0.88, 95% CI 0.79-0.98). Lifestyle activity engagement was not associated with the presence of anxiety disorders. CONCLUSIONS: Older adults with anxiety disorders appeared to have greater medical comorbidity and lower cognitive function. While anxiety may affect memory performance, future studies are needed to explore if anxiety symptom may reflect early neurodegeneration that easily escapes clinical attention. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Transtornos de Ansiedade/psicologia , Doença Crônica , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Comorbidade , Estudos Transversais , Transtorno Depressivo/epidemiologia , Feminino , Hong Kong/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estilo de Vida , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco , Rede Social
15.
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord ; 41(1-2): 93-8, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26741695

RESUMO

AIMS: Complex attention, serving as a main diagnostic item of mild neurocognitive disorders (NCD), has been reported to be susceptible to pathological ageing. This study aimed to evaluate the attention network functions in older adults with subtypes of NCD. METHODS: 36 adults with NCD due to Alzheimer's disease (NCD-AD), 31 adults with NCD due to vascular disease (NCD-vascular) and 137 healthy controls were recruited. Attention Network Test (ANT) was conducted to assess the efficiency of alerting, orienting and executive control. RESULTS: Significant between-group differences were found in executive control (conventional score: F = 11.472, p < 0.001; ratio score: F = 8.430, p < 0.001) and processing speed (F = 4.958, p = 0.008). NCD subgroups demonstrated poorer performance on the ANT, particularly on executive control (healthy 59.9 ± 45.9, NCD-vascular 88.9 ± 44.8, NCD-AD 97.0 ± 53.9). Moreover, the NCD-AD group showed both less efficient executive control and prominent slowing processing speed (reaction time: healthy 687.5 ± 106.0 ms, NCD-vascular 685.3 ± 97.1 ms, NCD-AD 750.6 ± 132.6 ms). CONCLUSIONS: The NCD-vascular group appeared to be less efficient in executive control, while the NCD-AD group demonstrated less effective executive control and also slower processing speed. These results suggest that the characterized performance of ANT, processing speed and executive control in particular, might help differentiate adults at risk of different forms of cognitive impairment.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Atenção , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Tempo de Reação/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Progressão da Doença , Função Executiva/fisiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos
16.
Int Psychogeriatr ; 28(2): 291-301, 2016 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26412555

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Intra-individual variability (IIV) and the change of attentional functions have been reported to be susceptible to both healthy ageing and pathological ageing. The current study aimed to evaluate the IIV of attention and the age-related effect on alerting, orienting, and executive control in cognitively healthy older adults. METHOD: We evaluated 145 Chinese older adults (age range of 65-80 years, mean age of 72.41 years) with a comprehensive neuropsychological battery and the Attention network test (ANT). A two-step strategy of analytical methods was used: Firstly, the IIV of older adults was evaluated by the intraindividual coefficient of variation of reaction time (ICV-RT). The correlation between ICV-RT and age was used to evaluate the necessity of subgrouping. Further, the comparisons of ANT performance among three age groups were performed with processing speed adjusted. RESULTS: Person's correlation revealed significant positive correlations between age and IIV (r = 0.185, p = 0.032), age and executive control (r = 0.253, p = 0.003). Furthermore, one-way ANOVA comparisons among three age groups revealed a significant age-related disturbance on executive control (F = 4.55, p = 0.01), in which oldest group (group with age >75 years) showed less efficient executive control than young-old (group with age 65-70 years) (Conventional score, p = 0.012; Ratio score, p = 0.020). CONCLUSION: Advancing age has an effect on both IIV and executive attention in cognitively healthy older adults, suggesting that the disturbance of executive attention is a sensitive indicator to reflect healthy ageing. Its significance to predict further deterioration should be carefully evaluated with prospective studies.


Assuntos
Atenção/fisiologia , Função Executiva/fisiologia , Orientação/fisiologia , Tempo de Reação/fisiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Envelhecimento/fisiologia , Envelhecimento/psicologia , Análise de Variância , Grupo com Ancestrais do Continente Asiático/estatística & dados numéricos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Sinais (Psicologia) , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Masculino , Testes Neuropsicológicos
17.
PLoS One ; 10(11): e0142388, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26539987

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Changes in criteria and differences in populations studied and methodology have produced a wide range of prevalence estimates for mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHODS: Uniform criteria were applied to harmonized data from 11 studies from USA, Europe, Asia and Australia, and MCI prevalence estimates determined using three separate definitions of cognitive impairment. RESULTS: The published range of MCI prevalence estimates was 5.0%-36.7%. This was reduced with all cognitive impairment definitions: performance in the bottom 6.681% (3.2%-10.8%); Clinical Dementia Rating of 0.5 (1.8%-14.9%); Mini-Mental State Examination score of 24-27 (2.1%-20.7%). Prevalences using the first definition were 5.9% overall, and increased with age (P < .001) but were unaffected by sex or the main races/ethnicities investigated (Whites and Chinese). Not completing high school increased the likelihood of MCI (P ≤ .01). CONCLUSION: Applying uniform criteria to harmonized data greatly reduced the variation in MCI prevalence internationally.


Assuntos
Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ásia/epidemiologia , Austrália/epidemiologia , Comportamento Cooperativo , Estudos Transversais , Demência/epidemiologia , Progressão da Doença , Europa (Continente)/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Testes Neuropsicológicos , Prevalência
18.
Age Ageing ; 44(5): 835-40, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26271049

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: population ageing will lead to a leap in the dementia population in Asia. However, information about potentials for low-cost and low-risk interventions is limited. OBJECTIVES: to study the associations between lifestyle activities and global cognition from the Cognitive and Lifestyle Activity Study for Seniors in Asia (CLASSA). DESIGN: a cross-sectional study. METHODOLOGY: we studied the association between global cognition and lifestyle activity participation in community living older adults (60 years or over) across nine sites in East Asia. A standardised lifestyle activity questionnaire exploring activities from four categories (intellectual, physical, social and recreational) was used to measure the pattern. Global cognition was categorised by locally validated versions of Mini-mental state examination (MMSE) or Montreal Cognitive Assessment (MoCA) (good cognition, GC-scored at the top 25% among participants with no significant cognitive deficit (SCD); normal cognition, NC-middle 50% among participants with no SCD; mild cognitive deficit, MCD-lowest 25% among participants with no SCD; SCD-below local cut-offs for dementia). RESULTS: two thousand four hundred and four (1,009 men; 1,395 women) participants were recruited. The mean age was 71.0 (7.2) years. A higher variety of intellectual and physical activities were associated with GC; more social activities were associated with higher risks of having impaired cognition (multinomial logistic regression). The same association was found in participants with no SCD and had regular activities for over 10 years (n = 574). CONCLUSION: intellectual activity and physical exercise were associated with better cognitive states in Asian older adults. Community-based intervention may take considerations into specific types of activities to optimise cognition.


Assuntos
Envelhecimento/psicologia , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/prevenção & controle , Demência/prevenção & controle , Inteligência , Estilo de Vida , Atividade Motora , Comportamento Social , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Ásia/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/diagnóstico , Disfunção Cognitiva/epidemiologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Estudos Transversais , Demência/diagnóstico , Demência/epidemiologia , Demência/psicologia , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Vida Independente , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Análise Multivariada , Fatores de Proteção , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários , Fatores de Tempo
19.
PLoS One ; 10(3): e0118173, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25826620

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic evidence suggests that cognitive and physical activities are associated with better cognition in late life. The present study was conducted to examine the possible benefits of four structured lifestyle activity interventions and compare their effectiveness in optimizing cognition for older adults with mild cognitive impairment (MCI). METHOD AND FINDINGS: This was a 12-month cluster randomized controlled trial. 555 community-dwelling Chinese older adults with MCI (295 with multiple-domain deficits (mdMCI), 260 with single-domain deficit (sdMCI)) were recruited. Participants were randomized into physical exercise (P), cognitive activity (C), integrated cognitive and physical exercise (CP), and social activity (S, active control) groups. Interventions comprised of one-hour structured activities three times per week. Primary outcome was Clinical Dementia Rating sum of boxes (CDR-SOB) scores. Secondary outcomes included Chinese versions of Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale - Cognitive subscale (ADAS-Cog), delayed recall, Mini-Mental State Examination, Category Verbal Fluency Test (CVFT) and Disability Assessment for Dementia - Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (DAD-IADL). Percentage adherence to programs and factors affecting adherence were also examined. At 12th month, 423 (76.2%) completed final assessment. There was no change in CDR-SOB and DAD-IADL scores across time and intervention groups. Multilevel normal model and linear link function showed improvement in ADAS-Cog, delayed recall and CVFT with time (p<0.05). Post-hoc subgroup analyses showed that the CP group, compared with other intervention groups, had more significant improvements of ADAS-Cog, delayed recall and CVFT performance with sdMCI participants (p<0.05). Overall adherence rate was 73.3%. Improvements in ADAS-Cog and delayed recall scores were associated with adherence after controlling for age, education, and intervention groups (univariate analyses). CONCLUSIONS: Structured lifestyle activity interventions were not associated with changes in everyday functioning, albeit with some improvements in cognitive scores across time. Higher adherence was associated with greater improvement in cognitive scores. Factors to enhance adherence should be specially considered in the design of psychosocial interventions for older adults with cognitive decline. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov ChiCTR-TRC-11001359.


Assuntos
Atividades Cotidianas , Cognição , Disfunção Cognitiva/psicologia , Disfunção Cognitiva/reabilitação , Estilo de Vida , Afeto , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Feminino , Avaliação Geriátrica , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Fatores de Tempo
20.
Int Psychogeriatr ; : 1-12, 2014 Sep 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25245181

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Background: With the proportion of older adults in Hong Kong projected to double in size in the next 30 years, it is important to develop measures for detecting individuals in the earliest stage of Alzheimer's disease (AD, 0.5 in Clinical Dementia Rating, CDR). We tested the utility of a non-verbal prospective memory task (PM, ability to remember what one has to do when a specific event occurs in the future) as an early marker for AD in Hong Kong Chinese. Methods: A large community dwelling sample of older adults who are healthy controls (CDR 0, N = 125), in the earliest stage of AD (CDR 0.5, N = 125), or with mild AD (CDR 1, N = 30) participated in this study. Their reaction time/accuracy data were analyzed by mixed-factor analyses of variance to compare the performance of the three CDR groups. Logistic regression analyses were performed to test the discriminative power of these measures for CDR 0 versus 0.5 participants. Results: Prospective memory performance declined as a function of AD severity: CDR 0 > CDR 0.5 > CDR 1, suggesting the effects of early-stage AD and AD progression on PM. After partialling out the variance explained by psychometric measures (e.g., ADAS-Cog), reaction time/accuracy measures that reflected the PM still significantly discriminated between CDR 0 versus 0.5 participants in most of the cases. Conclusion: The effectiveness of PM measures in discriminating individuals in the earliest stage of AD from healthy older adults suggests that these measures should be further developed as tools for early-stage AD discrimination.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA