Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 11 de 11
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Base de dados
Assunto principal
Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Phys Rev Lett ; 124(15): 150603, 2020 Apr 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32357046

RESUMO

Adiabatic pumping is characterized by a geometric contribution to the pumped charge, which can be nonzero even in the absence of a bias. However, as the driving speed is increased, nonadiabatic excitations gradually reduce the pumped charge, thereby limiting the maximal applicable driving frequencies. To circumvent this problem, we here extend the concept of shortcuts to adiabaticity to construct a control protocol which enables geometric pumping well beyond the adiabatic regime. Our protocol allows for an increase, by more than an order of magnitude, in the driving frequencies, and the method is also robust against moderate fluctuations of the control field. We provide a geometric interpretation of the control protocol and analyze the thermodynamic cost of implementing it. Our findings can be realized using current technology and potentially enable fast pumping of charge or heat in quantum dots, as well as in other stochastic systems from physics, chemistry, and biology.

2.
Phys Rev Lett ; 121(7): 070601, 2018 Aug 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30169075

RESUMO

We consider the speed limit for classical stochastic Markov processes with and without the local detailed balance condition. We find that, for both cases, a trade-off inequality exists between the speed of the state transformation and the entropy production. The dynamical activity is related to a time scale and plays a crucial role in the inequality. For the dynamics without the local detailed balance condition, we use the Hatano-Sasa entropy production instead of the standard entropy production. Our inequalities consist of the quantities that are commonly used in stochastic thermodynamics and explicitly show underlying physical mechanisms.

3.
Phys Rev E ; 98(1-1): 012113, 2018 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30110791

RESUMO

We study the heat statistics of a quantum Brownian motion described by the Caldeira-Leggett model. By using the path integral approach, we introduce a concept of the quantum heat functional along every pair of Feynman paths. This approach has the advantage of improving our understanding about heat in quantum systems. First, we demonstrate the microscopic reversibility of the system by connecting the heat functional to the forward and time-reversed probabilities. Second, we analytically prove the quantum-classical correspondence of the heat functional and their statistics, which allows us to obtain better intuitions about the difference between classical and quantum heat.

4.
Phys Rev Lett ; 121(4): 040602, 2018 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30095938

RESUMO

Work belongs to the most basic notions in thermodynamics but it is not well understood in quantum systems, especially in open quantum systems. By introducing a novel concept of the work functional along an individual Feynman path, we invent a new approach to study thermodynamics in the quantum regime. Using the work functional, we derive a path integral expression for the work statistics. By performing the ℏ expansion, we analytically prove the quantum-classical correspondence of the work statistics. In addition, we obtain the quantum correction to the classical fluctuating work. We can also apply this approach to an open quantum system in the strong coupling regime described by the quantum Brownian motion model. This approach provides an effective way to calculate the work in open quantum systems by utilizing various path integral techniques. As an example, we calculate the work statistics for a dragged harmonic oscillator in both isolated and open quantum systems.

5.
Phys Rev Lett ; 118(10): 100602, 2017 Mar 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28339228

RESUMO

Counterdiabatic driving (CD) exploits auxiliary control fields to tailor the nonequilibrium dynamics of a quantum system, making possible the suppression of dissipated work in finite-time thermodynamics and the engineering of optimal thermal machines with no friction. We show that while the mean work done by the auxiliary controls vanishes, CD leads to a broadening of the work distribution. We derive a fundamental inequality that relates nonequilibrium work fluctuations to the operation time and quantifies the thermodynamic cost of CD in both critical and noncritical systems.

6.
Phys Rev E ; 94(6-1): 062112, 2016 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28085310

RESUMO

Work fluctuation and total entropy production play crucial roles in small thermodynamic systems subject to large thermal fluctuations. We investigate a trade-off relation between them in a nonequilibrium situation in which a system starts from an arbitrary nonequilibrium state. We apply a variational method to study this problem and find a stationary solution against variations over protocols that describe the time dependence of the Hamiltonian of the system. Using the stationary solution, we find the minimum of the total entropy production for a given amount of work fluctuation. An explicit protocol that achieves this is constructed from an adiabatic process followed by a quasistatic process. The obtained results suggest how one can control the nonequilibrium dynamics of the system while suppressing its work fluctuation and total entropy production.

7.
Phys Rev Lett ; 115(26): 260601, 2015 Dec 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26764979

RESUMO

Reducing work fluctuation and dissipation in heat engines or, more generally, information heat engines that perform feedback control, is vital to maximize their efficiency. The same problem arises when we attempt to maximize the efficiency of a given thermodynamic task that undergoes nonequilibrium processes for arbitrary initial and final states. We find that the most general trade-off relation between work fluctuation and dissipation applicable to arbitrary nonequilibrium processes is bounded from below by the information distance characterizing how far the system is from thermal equilibrium. The minimum amount of dissipation is found to be given in terms of the relative entropy and the Renyi divergence, both of which quantify the information distance between the state of the system and the canonical distribution. We give an explicit protocol that achieves the fundamental lower bound of the trade-off relation.

8.
Phys Rev E Stat Nonlin Soft Matter Phys ; 90(5-1): 052125, 2014 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25493757

RESUMO

A general achievable upper bound of extractable work under feedback control is given, where nonequilibrium equalities are generalized so as to be applicable to error-free measurements. The upper bound involves a term which arises from the part of the process whose information becomes unavailable and is related to the weight of the singular part of the reference probability measure. The obtained upper bound of extractable work is more stringent than the hitherto known one and sets a general achievable bound for a given feedback protocol. Guiding principles of designing the optimal protocol are also suggested. Examples are presented to illustrate our general results.

9.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25375441

RESUMO

We generalize nonequilibrium integral equalities to situations involving absolutely irreversible processes for which the forward-path probability vanishes and the entropy production diverges, rendering conventional integral fluctuation theorems inapplicable. We identify the mathematical origins of absolute irreversibility as the singularity of probability measure. We demonstrate the validity of the obtained equalities for several models.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25122271

RESUMO

Passive states of quantum systems are states from which no system energy can be extracted by any cyclic (unitary) process. Gibbs states of all temperatures are passive. Strong local (SL) passive states are defined to allow any general quantum operation, but the operation is required to be local, being applied only to a specific subsystem. Any mixture of eigenstates in a system-dependent neighborhood of a nondegenerate entangled ground state is found to be SL passive. In particular, Gibbs states are SL passive with respect to a subsystem only at or below a critical system-dependent temperature. SL passivity is associated in many-body systems with the presence of ground state entanglement in a way suggestive of collective quantum phenomena such as quantum phase transitions, superconductivity, and the quantum Hall effect. The presence of SL passivity is detailed for some simple spin systems where it is found that SL passivity is neither confined to systems of only a few particles nor limited to the near vicinity of the ground state.


Assuntos
Teoria Quântica
11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24329228

RESUMO

We derive integral quantum fluctuation theorems and quantum Jarzynski equalities for a feedback-controlled system and a memory which registers outcomes of the measurement. The obtained equalities involve the information content, which reflects the information exchange between the system and the memory, and take into account the back action of a general measurement contrary to the classical case. The generalized second law of thermodynamics under measurement and feedback control is reproduced from these equalities.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...