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2.
Nat Immunol ; 20(7): 902-914, 2019 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31209404

RESUMO

Lupus nephritis is a potentially fatal autoimmune disease for which the current treatment is ineffective and often toxic. To develop mechanistic hypotheses of disease, we analyzed kidney samples from patients with lupus nephritis and from healthy control subjects using single-cell RNA sequencing. Our analysis revealed 21 subsets of leukocytes active in disease, including multiple populations of myeloid cells, T cells, natural killer cells and B cells that demonstrated both pro-inflammatory responses and inflammation-resolving responses. We found evidence of local activation of B cells correlated with an age-associated B-cell signature and evidence of progressive stages of monocyte differentiation within the kidney. A clear interferon response was observed in most cells. Two chemokine receptors, CXCR4 and CX3CR1, were broadly expressed, implying a potentially central role in cell trafficking. Gene expression of immune cells in urine and kidney was highly correlated, which would suggest that urine might serve as a surrogate for kidney biopsies.


Assuntos
Rim/imunologia , Nefrite Lúpica/imunologia , Biomarcadores , Biópsia , Análise por Conglomerados , Biologia Computacional/métodos , Células Epiteliais/metabolismo , Citometria de Fluxo , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Regulação da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Imunofenotipagem , Interferons/metabolismo , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Leucócitos/imunologia , Leucócitos/metabolismo , Nefrite Lúpica/genética , Nefrite Lúpica/metabolismo , Nefrite Lúpica/patologia , Linfócitos/imunologia , Linfócitos/metabolismo , Anotação de Sequência Molecular , Células Mieloides/imunologia , Células Mieloides/metabolismo , Análise de Célula Única , Transcriptoma
3.
Lancet ; 393(10188): 2344-2358, 2019 Jun 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31180031

RESUMO

The heterogeneity of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), long recognised by clinicians, is now challenging the entire lupus community, from geneticists to clinical investigators. Although the outlook for patients with SLE has greatly improved, many unmet needs remain, chief of which is the development of safer and more efficacious therapies. To develop innovative therapies, a far better understanding of SLE pathogenesis as it relates to the array of clinical phenotypes is needed. Additionally, to efficiently achieve these goals, the lupus community needs to refine existing clinical research tools and better adapt them to overcome the obstacles created by the heterogeneity of manifestations. Here, we review progress towards the ultimate goal of safely reducing disease activity and preventing damage accrual and death. We discuss the new classification criteria from the European League Against Rheumatism and American College of Rheumatology, novel definitions of remission and low lupus disease activity, and new proposals for the histological classification of lupus nephritis. Recommendations for the treatment of SLE and novel approaches to drug development hold much promise to further enhance SLE outcomes.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/classificação , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Masculino , Indução de Remissão , Reumatologia/métodos , Reumatologia/tendências , Índice de Gravidade de Doença
4.
BMJ Open ; 9(3): e025687, 2019 Mar 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30898822

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Belimumab, an anti-B-lymphocyte-stimulator antibody, is approved for the treatment of active, autoantibody-positive systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Rituximab, a B cell-depleting anti-CD20 antibody, remains in the SLE treatment armamentarium despite failed trials in lupus nephritis and extrarenal lupus. These biologics, which operate through complementary mechanisms, might result in an enhanced depletion of circulating and tissue-resident autoreactive B lymphocytes when administered together. Thus, belimumab and rituximab combination may be a highly effective treatment of SLE. This study aims to evaluate and compare the efficacy, safety and tolerability of subcutaneous (SC) belimumab and a single cycle of rituximab in patients with SLE with belimumab alone. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: BLISS-BELIEVE is a three-arm, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, 104-week superiority study. Two hundred adults with SLE will be randomised 1:2:1 to arm A, belimumab SC 200 mg/week for 52 weeks plus placebo at weeks 4 and 6; arm B, belimumab SC 200 mg/week for 52 weeks plus rituximab 1000 mg at weeks 4 and 6; arm C, belimumab SC 200 mg/week plus standard of care for 104 weeks. The 52-week treatment period (arms A and B) is followed by a 52-week observational phase. The primary efficacy endpoint is the proportion of patients with disease control (SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI)-2K≤2, without immunosuppressants and with a prednisone-equivalent dose of ≤5 mg/day) at week 52. Major secondary efficacy endpoints are the proportion of patients in clinical remission (defined as SLEDAI-2K=0, without immunosuppressants and corticosteroids) at week 64, and the proportion of patients with disease control at week 104. Safety endpoints include the incidence of adverse events (AEs), serious AEs and AEs of special interest. ETHICS AND DISSEMINATION: Within 6 months of the study's primary manuscript publication, anonymised individual participant data and study documents can be requested for further research from www.clinicalstudydatarequest.com. TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: NCT03312907; Pre-results.

6.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 71(7): 1125-1134, 2019 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30771238

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the long-term safety and efficacy of intravenous (IV) belimumab plus standard of care (SOC) therapy for systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in patients with active, autoantibody-positive SLE. METHODS: The study was designed as a multicenter, open-label, continuation study of IV belimumab given every 4 weeks in conjunction with SOC therapy in patients with SLE who completed a phase II, double-blind study. Adverse events (AEs) and laboratory data were monitored from the first belimumab dose (in either study) until 24 weeks after the final dose. Efficacy assessments included SLE Responder Index (SRI) and flare index scores (each assessed at 16-week intervals) and glucocorticoid use (assessed at 4-week intervals). RESULTS: Of the 476 patients in the parent study, 298 (62.6%) entered the continuation study, of whom 96 (32.2%) remained in the study. Patients received belimumab for up to 13 years (median duration of exposure 3,334.0 days [range 260-4,332 days], total belimumab exposure 2,294 patient-years, median number of infusions 115.5 [range 7-155]). The percentage of patients with AEs each year remained stable or decreased. Normal serum IgG levels were maintained in the majority of patients over the study, and the rate of infections remained stable. The percentage of patients who achieved an SRI response increased from 32.8% (year 1) to 75.6% of those remaining on treatment at year 12. The glucocorticoid dose was decreased in patients who had been receiving >7.5 mg/day at baseline. CONCLUSION: This study is the longest to date to assess belimumab treatment in patients with SLE in clinical trials. Belimumab was well tolerated with no new safety concerns, and efficacy was maintained in patients who continued the study. For patients who initially exhibited a satisfactory response to belimumab, the treatment continues to be well tolerated and provides long-term disease control.

7.
J Clin Invest ; 129(3): 1359-1371, 2019 Mar 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30645203

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Plasmacytoid DCs (pDC) produce large amounts of type I IFN (IFN-I), cytokines convincingly linked to systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) pathogenesis. BIIB059 is a humanized mAb that binds blood DC antigen 2 (BDCA2), a pDC-specific receptor that inhibits the production of IFN-I and other inflammatory mediators when ligated. A first-in-human study was conducted to assess safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetic (PK) and pharmacodynamic (PD) effects of single BIIB059 doses in healthy volunteers (HV) and patients with SLE with active cutaneous disease as well as proof of biological activity and preliminary clinical response in the SLE cohort. METHODS: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial was conducted in HV (n = 54) and patients with SLE (n = 12). All subjects were monitored for adverse events. Serum BIIB059 concentrations, BDCA2 levels on pDCs, and IFN-responsive biomarkers in whole blood and skin biopsies were measured. Skin disease activity was determined using the Cutaneous Lupus Erythematosus Disease Area and Severity Index Activity (CLASI-A). RESULTS: Single doses of BIIB059 were associated with favorable safety and PK profiles. BIIB059 administration led to BDCA2 internalization on pDCs, which correlated with circulating BIIB059 levels. BIIB059 administration in patients with SLE decreased expression of IFN response genes in blood, normalized MxA expression, reduced immune infiltrates in skin lesions, and decreased CLASI-A score. CONCLUSIONS: Single doses of BIIB059 were associated with favorable safety and PK/PD profiles and robust target engagement and biological activity, supporting further development of BIIB059 in SLE. The data suggest that targeting pDCs may be beneficial for patients with SLE, especially those with cutaneous manifestations. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT02106897. FUNDING: Biogen Inc.

8.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 49(1): 74-83, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30598332

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA) is a life-threatening, albeit infrequent, complication of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and anti-phospholipid syndrome (APS). Recommendations for the treatment of SLE- and APS-related secondary TMA are currently based solely on case reports and expert opinion. Unfortunately, interventions may not yield timely results or effectively halt the progression of TMA. Since complement activation plays a key role in the pathogenesis of secondary TMA due to SLE, APS, a therapy that targets the complement pathway is an attractive intervention. Eculizumab, a recombinant, fully humanized IgG2/IgG4 monoclonal antibody inhibits C5 activation and is FDA-approved for PNH and atypical HUS (aHUS). However, limited case reports are available on its use in treatment of secondary TMA. CASE PRESENTATION AND RESULTS: We present the largest case series to date that includes 9 patients with SLE and/or APS who were successfully treated with eculizumab for refractory secondary TMA. In this case series, we report significant responses in hematology values, renal function and other organs following treatment with eculizumab. At 4 weeks, 75% improvement in platelet counts was observed in 78% of patients. Two-thirds of patients demonstrated >75% improvement of haptoglobin and LDH at four weeks. At 4 weeks, eGFR improved by 25% in half of the patients, and 43% had reductions in proteinuria. Two of 3 patients that required hemodialysis were able to be taken off hemodialysis. CONCLUSION: Based on these observations, we suggest that eculizumab may be a potential treatment option for acutely ill patients with secondary TMA due to SLE and/or APS who have failed standard of care. A collective approach is needed to better elucidate the role and optimal timing of eculizumab use in the management of TMA complicating SLE and/or APS.

9.
Clin Rheumatol ; 38(1): 257-259, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30539351

RESUMO

Human granulocytic anaplasmosis (HGA) is a tickborne rickettsial disease caused by the bacterium Anaplasma phagocytophilum. Reported cases have increased with the highest incidence in the Northeast. To our knowledge, this is the first report of anaplasmosis associated with an inflammatory arthritis. A 64-year-old man, with a history of Crohn's disease controlled on budesonide, presented to the emergency room in August 2017 with a week history of headache, sore throat, fever, myalgias, rash, and joint pain. There was no clinical evidence of active Crohn's disease. He lives in Nassau County and participates in outdoor activities. His exam was notable for a maculopapular rash over the trunk, arms, and thighs as well as synovitis of several proximal interphalangeal joints. Lab tests revealed transaminitis and elevated inflammatory markers. When evaluated by rheumatology, he had marked polyarthritis of wrists and hands as well as extremely painful motion of the shoulders, elbows, hips, knees, and ankles despite ibuprofen. Prednisone 20 mg daily resulted in significant improvement in his arthritis. Because of an Anaplasma phagocytophilum IgM of 1:320 (normal < 1:20; IgG < 1:64; normal < 1:64) that returned few weeks after presentation, he was prescribed 4 weeks of doxycycline. Convalescent Anaplasma serologies revealed negative IgM and IgG > 1:320. He fully recovered and was able to discontinue steroids. HGA presents acutely with a spectrum of manifestations ranging from a flu-like illness to severe complications such as respiratory failure. Myalgias and arthralgias are common, but an inflammatory arthritis has not been described.


Assuntos
Anaplasma phagocytophilum/isolamento & purificação , Anaplasmose/complicações , Anaplasmose/diagnóstico , Artrite Infecciosa/microbiologia , Anaplasmose/tratamento farmacológico , Artrite Infecciosa/diagnóstico , Doença de Crohn , Doxiciclina/uso terapêutico , Febre/microbiologia , Granulócitos/microbiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
10.
JCI Insight ; 3(17)2018 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30185675

RESUMO

Belimumab has therapeutic benefit in active systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), especially in patients with high-titer anti-dsDNA antibodies. We asked whether the profound B cell loss in belimumab-treated SLE patients is accompanied by shifts in the immunoglobulin repertoire. We enrolled 15 patients who had been continuously treated with belimumab for more than 7 years, 17 matched controls, and 5 patients who were studied before and after drug initiation. VH genes of sort-purified mature B cells and plasmablasts were subjected to next-generation sequencing. We found that B cell-activating factor (BAFF) regulates the transitional B cell checkpoint, with conservation of transitional 1 (T1) cells and approximately 90% loss of T3 and naive B cells after chronic belimumab treatment. Class-switched memory B cells, B1 B cells, and plasmablasts were also substantially depleted. Next-generation sequencing revealed no redistribution of VH, DH, or JH family usage and no effect of belimumab on representation of the autoreactive VH4-34 gene or CDR3 composition in unmutated IgM sequences, suggesting a minimal effect on selection of the naive B cell repertoire. Interestingly, a significantly greater loss of VH4-34 was observed among mutated IgM and plasmablast sequences in chronic belimumab-treated subjects than in controls, suggesting that belimumab promotes negative selection of activated autoreactive B cells.

11.
Lancet ; 392(10143): 222-231, 2018 07 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30043749

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with systemic lupus erythematosus have substantial unmet medical need. Baricitinib is an oral selective Janus kinase (JAK)1 and JAK2 inhibitor that we hypothesised might have therapeutic benefit in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus. METHODS: In this double-blind, multicentre, randomised, placebo-controlled, 24-week phase 2 study, patients were recruited from 78 centres in 11 countries. Eligible patients were aged 18 years or older, had a diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus, and had active disease involving skin or joints. We randomly assigned patients (1:1:1) to receive once-daily baricitinib 2 mg, baricitinib 4 mg, or placebo for 24 weeks. The primary endpoint was the proportion of patients achieving resolution of arthritis or rash at week 24, as defined by Systemic Lupus Erythematosus Disease Activity Index-2000 (SLEDAI-2K). Efficacy and safety analyses included all patients who received at least one dose of study drug. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02708095. FINDINGS: Between March 24, 2016, and April 27, 2017, 314 patients were randomly assigned to receive placebo (n=105), baricitinib 2 mg (n=105), or baricitinib 4 mg (n=104). At week 24, resolution of SLEDAI-2K arthritis or rash was achieved by 70 (67%) of 104 patients receiving baricitinib 4 mg (odds ratio [OR] vs placebo 1·8, 95% CI 1·0-3·3; p=0·0414) and 61 (58%) of 105 patients receiving baricitinib 2 mg (OR 1·3, 0·7-2·3; p=0·39). Adverse events were reported in 68 (65%) patients in the placebo group, 75 (71%) patients in the baricitinib 2 mg group, and 76 (73%) patients in the baricitinib 4 mg group. Serious adverse events were reported in ten (10%) patients receiving baricitinib 4 mg, 11 (10%) receiving baricitinib 2 mg, and five (5%) receiving placebo; no deaths were reported. Serious infections were reported in six (6%) patients with baricitinib 4 mg, two (2%) with baricitinib 2 mg, and one (1%) with placebo. INTERPRETATION: The baricitinib 4 mg dose, but not the 2 mg dose, significantly improved the signs and symptoms of active systemic lupus erythematosus in patients who were not adequately controlled despite standard of care therapy, with a safety profile consistent with previous studies of baricitinib. This study provides the foundation for future phase 3 trials of JAK1/2 inhibition with baricitinib as a new potential oral therapy for systemic lupus erythematosus. FUNDING: Eli Lilly and Company.


Assuntos
Artrite/tratamento farmacológico , Azetidinas/administração & dosagem , Exantema/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/administração & dosagem , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Sulfonamidas/administração & dosagem , Administração Oral , Adulto , Azetidinas/efeitos adversos , Colesterol/sangue , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , Creatina Quinase/sangue , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Infecção/epidemiologia , Inibidores de Janus Quinases/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas , Sulfonamidas/efeitos adversos
12.
Lupus Sci Med ; 5(1): e000263, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29868177

RESUMO

Background: We examined the usefulness of erythrocyte-bound C4d (EC4d) to monitor disease activity in SLE. Methods: Data and blood samples were collected from three different studies, each of which included longitudinal evaluations using the Physicians Global Assessment (PGA) of disease activity and the Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment (SELENA) SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI), which was assessed without anti-double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) and low complement C3/C4 (clinical SELENA-SLEDAI). EC4d levels were determined using flow cytometry; other laboratory measures included antibodies to dsDNA, C3 and C4 proteins. Relationships between clinical SELENA-SLEDAI, PGA and the laboratory measures were analysed using linear mixed effect models. Results: The three studies combined enrolled 124 patients with SLE (mean age 42 years, 97% women, 31% Caucasians and 34% African-Americans) followed for an average of 5 consecutive visits (range 2-13 visits). EC4d levels and low C3/C4 status were significantly associated the clinical SELENA-SLEDAI or PGA in each of the three study groups (p<0.05). Multivariate analysis revealed that EC4d levels (estimate=0.94±0.28) and low complement C3/C4 (estimate=1.24±0.43) were both independently and significantly associated with the clinical SELENA-SLEDAI (p<0.01) and PGA. EC4d levels were also associated with the clinical SELENA-SLEDAI (estimate: 1.20±0.29) and PGA (estimate=0.19±0.04) among patients with chronically low or normal C3/C4 (p<0.01). Anti-dsDNA titres were generally associated with disease activity. Conclusion: These data support the association of EC4d with disease activity regardless of complement C3/C4 status and its usefulness in monitoring SLE disease. Additional studies will be required to support these validation data.

13.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 70(8): 1331-1342, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29534336

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To develop an objective, readily measurable pharmacodynamic biomarker of glucocorticoid (GC) activity. METHODS: Genes modulated by prednisolone were identified from in vitro studies using peripheral blood mononuclear cells from normal healthy volunteers. Using the criteria of a >2-fold change relative to vehicle controls and an adjusted P value cutoff of less than 0.05, 64 up-regulated and 18 down-regulated genes were identified. A composite score of the up-regulated genes was generated using a single-sample gene set enrichment analysis algorithm. RESULTS: GC gene signature expression was significantly elevated in peripheral blood leukocytes from normal healthy volunteers following oral administration of prednisolone. Expression of the signature increased in a dose-dependent manner, peaked at 4 hours postadministration, and returned to baseline levels by 48 hours after dosing. Lower expression was detected in normal healthy volunteers who received a partial GC receptor agonist, which is consistent with the reduced transactivation potential of this compound. In cohorts of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and patients with rheumatoid arthritis, expression of the GC signature was negatively correlated with the percentages of peripheral blood lymphocytes and positively correlated with peripheral blood neutrophil counts, which is consistent with the known biology of the GC receptor. Expression of the signature largely agreed with reported GC use in these populations, although there was significant interpatient variability within the dose cohorts. CONCLUSION: The GC gene signature identified in this study represents a pharmacodynamic marker of GC exposure.

14.
World J Gastrointest Pharmacol Ther ; 9(1): 8-13, 2018 Feb 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29430323

RESUMO

AIM: To describe trends of combination therapy (CT) of infliximab (IFX) and immunomodulator (IMM) for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in the community setting. METHODS: A retrospective study was conducted of all IBD patients referred for IFX infusion to our community infusion center between 04/01/01 and 12/31/14. CT was defined as use of IFX with either azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine, or methotrexate. We analyzed trends of CT usage overall, for Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC), and for the subgroups of induction patients. We also analyzed the trends of CT use in these groups over the study period, and compared the rates of CT use prior to and after publication of the landmark SONIC trial. RESULTS: Of 258 IBD patients identified during the 12 year study period, 60 (23.3%) received CT, including 35 of 133 (26.3%) induction patients. Based on the Cochran-Armitage trend test, we observed decreasing CT use for IBD patients overall (P < 0.0001) and IBD induction patients, (P = 0.0024). Of 154 CD patients, 37 (24.68%) had CT, including 20 of 77 (26%) induction patients. The Cochran Armitage test showed a trend towards decreasing CT use for CD overall (P < 0.0001) and CD induction, (P = 0.0024). Overall, 43.8% of CD patients received CT pre-SONIC vs 7.4% post-SONIC (P < 0.0001). For CD induction, 40.0% received CT pre-SONIC vs 10.8% post-SONIC (P = 0.0035). Among the 93 patients with UC, 19 (20.4%) received CT. Of 50 induction patients, 14 (28.0%) received CT. The trend test of the 49 patients with a known year of induction again failed to demonstrate any significant trends in the use of CT (P = 0.6). CONCLUSION: We observed a trend away from CT use in IBD. A disconnect appears to exist between expert opinion and evidence favoring CT with IFX and IMM, and evolving community practice.

15.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 48(1): 90-104, 2018 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29395255

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: In the present review, four new cases of bone marrow failure are presented and the potential contribution of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is discussed. Furthermore, a comprehensive literature review of cases of autoimmune myelofibrosis (AIMF), aplastic anemia (AA), and paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) with concurrent SLE aims to allow their direct comparison. Based on a clearer characterization of reported cases and our own experience, diagnostic and therapeutic strategies of these disorders in SLE are proposed based on lessons learned from the present and previous cases. METHODS: A literature search was done in PubMed, accessed via the National Library of Medicine PubMed interface (http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed). Using PubMed, a Boolean search of the literature was performed by crossing the keywords "systemic lupus erythematosus," AND ["bone marrow fibrosis" or "bone marrow failure" or "myelofibrosis" or "aplastic anemia" or "paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria"]. RESULTS: After a stringent selection of previous cases with a clear diagnosis of SLE, we summarized in the present review 31 cases of AIMF, 26 cases of AA, and 3 cases of PNH. In addition, four new cases illustrate the problem of attribution of bone marrow failure to SLE. CONCLUSIONS: The attribution of SLE to bone marrow failure is challenging due to a lack of biomarkers, which complicates treatment decisions. Autoimmune myelofibrosis is likely underreported, but corticosteroids and intravenous immunoglobulin appear to be effective immediate therapies. In AA attributable to SLE, a serum inhibitor of bone marrow precursors should be tested, since plasma exchange has been universally successful in these cases, and a PNH clone should be tested for in the setting of ongoing hemolysis, as complement inhibition may be effective. Further research is warranted to elucidate pathophysiological mechanisms of bone marrow failure in SLE.

16.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 70(6): 868-877, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29409143

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: We undertook this US multicenter continuation study (GlaxoSmithKline study BEL112233; ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00724867) to assess long-term safety and efficacy of belimumab in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) who completed the Study of Belimumab in Subjects with SLE 76-week trial (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00410384). METHODS: Patients continued to receive the same belimumab dose plus standard therapy; patients previously receiving placebo received 10 mg/kg belimumab. The primary outcome measure was long-term safety of belimumab (frequency of adverse events [AEs] and damage assessed using the Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index [SDI], evaluated every 48 weeks [1 study year]). Other assessments included the SLE Responder Index (SRI), flare rates (using the modified SLE Flare Index [SFI]), prednisone use, and B cell levels. RESULTS: Of 268 patients, 140 completed the study and 128 withdrew. The mean ± SD score on the Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment version of the SLE Disease Activity Index (SELENA-SLEDAI) at baseline was 7.8 ± 3.86. The mean ± SD SDI score increased by 0.4 ± 0.68 from its value at baseline (1.2 ± 1.51). The overall incidence of treatment-related and serious AEs remained stable or declined through study year 7. An SRI response was achieved by 41.9% and 75.6% of patients at the study year 1 and study year 7 midpoints, respectively. At the study year 7 midpoint, relative to baseline, 78.2% had achieved a ≥4-point reduction in the SELENA-SLEDAI score, 98.4% had no new British Isles Lupus Assessment Group (BILAG) A organ domain score and no more than 1 new BILAG B organ domain score, 93.7% had no worsening in the physician's global assessment of disease activity, 20.6% had experienced ≥1 severe SFI flare, the mean decrease in prednisone dose was 31.4%, and the median change in CD20+ B cell numbers was -83.2%. CONCLUSION: These long-term exposure results confirm the previously observed safety and efficacy profiles of belimumab in patients with SLE.

17.
Rheumatology (Oxford) ; 57(1): 125-133, 2018 01 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29045736

RESUMO

Objective: The SLE Responder Index (SRI) is a composite endpoint used in SLE trials. This investigation examined the clinical trial elements that drive response measured by the SRI. Methods: Analyses are based on data from two phase 3 trials (n = 2262) that evaluated the impact of an anti-B-cell activating factor antibody on disease activity using SRI-5 as the primary endpoint (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01196091 and NCT01205438). Results: The SRI-5 response rate at week 52 for all patients was 32.8%. Non-response due to a lack of SLEDAI improvement, concomitant medication non-compliance or dropout was 31, 16.5 and 19.1%, respectively. Non-response due to deterioration in BILAG or Physician's Global Assessment after SLEDAI improvement, concomitant medication compliance and trial completion was 0.5%. Disease activity in three SLEDAI organ systems was highly prevalent at baseline: mucocutaneous, 90.6%; musculoskeletal, 82.9%; and immunologic, 71.6%. Disease activity in each of the other organ systems was <11% of patients. Four clinical manifestations were highly prevalent at baseline: arthritis, 82.6%; rash, 69.2%; alopecia, 58.2%; and mucosal ulcer, 32.5%. The combined prevalence of renal, vascular and CNS disease at baseline was 17.6%; these patients had high SRI-5 response rates. Adjustments to corticosteroids were allowed during the first 24 weeks. Increases in corticosteroids above 2.5 mg/day were observed in 16.2% of placebo patients over the first 24 weeks after randomization. Conclusion: The primary drivers of SRI-5 response were SLEDAI improvement, concomitant medication adherence and trial completion. Arthritis, rash, alopecia and mucosal ulcer were the most prevalent clinical manifestations at baseline. Corticosteroid increases and rare, highly weighted disease manifestations in SLEDAI can confound the SRI signal.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Imunossupressores/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Corticosteroides/uso terapêutico , Fator Ativador de Células B/antagonistas & inibidores , Ensaios Clínicos como Assunto , Ensaios Clínicos Fase III como Assunto , Quimioterapia Combinada , Humanos , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/fisiopatologia , Adesão à Medicação , Ensaios Clínicos Controlados Aleatórios como Assunto , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
J Clin Rheumatol ; 23(5): 278-284, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28742725
20.
Arthritis Rheumatol ; 69(2): 376-386, 2017 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28130918

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy and safety of anifrolumab, a type I interferon (IFN) receptor antagonist, in a phase IIb, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of adults with moderate-to-severe systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Patients (n = 305) were randomized to receive intravenous anifrolumab (300 mg or 1,000 mg) or placebo, in addition to standard therapy, every 4 weeks for 48 weeks. Randomization was stratified by SLE Disease Activity Index 2000 score (<10 or ≥10), oral corticosteroid dosage (<10 or ≥10 mg/day), and type I IFN gene signature test status (high or low) based on a 4-gene expression assay. The primary end point was the percentage of patients achieving an SLE Responder Index (SRI[4]) response at week 24 with sustained reduction of oral corticosteroids (<10 mg/day and less than or equal to the dose at week 1 from week 12 through 24). Other end points (including SRI[4], British Isles Lupus Assessment Group [BILAG]-based Composite Lupus Assessment [BICLA], modified SRI[6], and major clinical response) were assessed at week 52. The primary end point was analyzed in the modified intent-to-treat (ITT) population and type I IFN-high subpopulation. The study result was considered positive if the primary end point was met in either of the 2 study populations. The Type I error rate was controlled at 0.10 (2-sided), within each of the 2 study populations for the primary end point analysis. RESULTS: The primary end point was met by more patients treated with anifrolumab (34.3% of 99 for 300 mg and 28.8% of 104 for 1,000 mg) than placebo (17.6% of 102) (P = 0.014 for 300 mg and P = 0.063 for 1,000 mg, versus placebo), with greater effect size in patients with a high IFN signature at baseline (13.2% in placebo-treated patients versus 36.0% [P = 0.004] and 28.2% [P = 0.029]) in patients treated with anifrolumab 300 mg and 1,000 mg, respectively. At week 52, patients treated with anifrolumab achieved greater responses in SRI(4) (40.2% versus 62.6% [P < 0.001] and 53.8% [P = 0.043] with placebo, anifrolumab 300 mg, and anifrolumab 1,000 mg, respectively), BICLA (25.7% versus 53.5% [P < 0.001] and 41.2% [P = 0.018], respectively), modified SRI(6) (28.4% versus 49.5% [P = 0.002] and 44.7% [P = 0.015], respectively), major clinical response (BILAG 2004 C or better in all organ domains from week 24 through week 52) (6.9% versus 19.2% [P = 0.012] and 17.3% [P = 0.025], respectively), and several other global and organ-specific end points. Herpes zoster was more frequent in the anifrolumab-treated patients (2.0% with placebo treatment versus 5.1% and 9.5% with anifrolumab 300 mg and 1,000 mg, respectively), as were cases reported as influenza (2.0% versus 6.1% and 7.6%, respectively), in the anifrolumab treatment groups. Incidence of serious adverse events was similar between groups (18.8% versus 16.2% and 17.1%, respectively). CONCLUSION: Anifrolumab substantially reduced disease activity compared with placebo across multiple clinical end points in the patients with moderate-to-severe SLE.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Método Duplo-Cego , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Receptor de Interferon alfa e beta/imunologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
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