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1.
Circ J ; 2021 Sep 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34526432

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Optimal intensity is unclear for P2Y12receptor blocker therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in real-world clinical practice.Methods and Results:From the CREDO-Kyoto Registry, the current study population consisted of 25,419 patients (Cohort-2: n=12,161 and Cohort-3: n=13,258) who underwent their first PCI. P2Y12receptor blocker therapies were reduced dose of ticlopidine (200 mg/day), and global dose of clopidogrel (75 mg/day) in 87.7% and 94.8% of patients in Cohort-2 and Cohort-3, respectively. Cumulative 3-year incidence of GUSTO moderate/severe bleeding was significantly higher in Cohort-3 than in Cohort-2 (12.1% and 9.0%, P<0.0001). After adjusting 17 demographic factors and 9 management factors potentially related to the bleeding events other than the type of P2Y12receptor blocker, the higher bleeding risk in Cohort-3 relative to Cohort-2 remained significant (hazard ratio (HR): 1.52 95% confidence interval (CI) 1.37-1.68, P<0.0001). Cohort-3 compared with Cohort-2 was not associated with lower adjusted risk for myocardial infarction/ischemic stroke (HR: 0.96, 95% CI: 0.87-1.06, P=0.44). CONCLUSIONS: In this historical comparative study, Cohort-3 compared with Cohort-2 was associated with excess bleeding risk, which might be at least partly explained by the difference in P2Y12receptor blockers.

2.
Am J Cardiol ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34497005

RESUMO

Polypharmacy was reported to be associated with increased mortality in various populations. However, there is a scarcity of data on status of polypharmacy and association with long-term mortality in patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Among 12,291 patients who underwent first PCI in the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG registry Cohort-3, we evaluated the number of medications at discharge from index PCI hospitalization, and compared long-term mortality across the 3 groups divided by the tertiles of the number of medications. The median number of medications was 6 (interquartile range: 5 to 8), and 88.0% of the patients were on >=5 medications. Most of medications were those related to cardiovascular disease. Patients taking more medications were older and more often had co-morbidities and guideline-indicated medications. The cumulative 5-year incidence of all-cause death increased incrementally with increasing number of medications (Tertile 1 [<=5]: 13.1%, Tertile 2 [6 to 7]: 13.9%, and Tertile 3 [>=8]: 18.0%, log-rank p <0.001). After adjusting confounders, the mortality risks of Tertile 2 and Tertile 3 relative to Tertile 1 were no longer significant (Tertile 2: hazard ratio 0.93; 95% confidence interval 0.84 to 1.04; p = 0.23, and Tertile 3: hazard ratio 0.91; 95% confidence interval 0.81 to 1.03; p = 0.14, respectively). In conclusion, in a real-world population of patients who underwent PCI, approximately 90% of patients were on >=5 medications. Increasing medications was associated with higher crude incidence of all-cause death, whereas adjusted mortality risks were similar regardless of the number of medications. These data might suggest that achievement of optimal medical therapy would be preferred, even if it might increase the number of medications used.

3.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(18): e021417, 2021 Sep 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34533047

RESUMO

Background It remains controversial whether long-term clinical impact of newly diagnosed atrial fibrillation (AF) in the acute phase of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is different from that of prior AF diagnosed before the onset of AMI. Methods and Results The current study population from the CREDO-Kyoto AMI (Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto Acute Myocardial Infarction) Registry Wave-2 consisted of 6228 patients with AMI who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention. The baseline characteristics and long-term clinical outcomes were compared according to AF status (newly diagnosed AF: N=489 [7.9%], prior AF: N=589 [9.5%], and no AF: N=5150 [82.7%]). Median follow-up duration was 5.5 years. Patients with newly diagnosed AF and prior AF had similar baseline characteristics with higher risk profile than those with no AF including older age and more comorbidities. The cumulative 5-year incidence of all-cause death was higher in newly diagnosed AF and prior AF than no AF (38.8%, 40.7%, and 18.7%, P<0.001). The adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) for mortality of newly diagnosed AF and prior AF relative to no AF remained significant with similar magnitude (HR, 1.31; 95% CI, 1.12-1.54; P<0.001, and HR, 1.32; 95% CI, 1.14-1.52; P<0.001, respectively). The cumulative 5-year incidence of stroke decreased in the order of newly diagnosed AF, prior AF and no AF (15.5%, 12.9%, and 6.3%, respectively, P<0.001). The higher adjusted HRs of both newly diagnosed AF and prior AF relative to no AF were significant for stroke, with a greater risk of newly diagnosed AF than that of prior AF (HR, 2.05; 95% CI, 1.56-2.69; P<0.001, and HR, 1.33; 95% CI, 1.00-1.78; P=0.048, respectively). The higher stroke risk of newly diagnosed AF compared with prior AF was largely driven by the greater risk within 30 days. The higher adjusted HRs of newly diagnosed AF and prior AF relative to no AF were significant for heart failure hospitalization (HR, 1.73; 95% CI, 1.35-2.22; P<0.001, and HR, 2.23; 95% CI, 1.82-2.74; P<0.001, respectively) and major bleeding (HR, 1.46; 95% CI, 1.23-1.73; P<0.001, and HR, 1.36; 95% CI, 1.15-1.60; P<0.001, respectively). Conclusions Newly diagnosed AF in AMI had risks for mortality, heart failure hospitalization, and major bleeding higher than no AF, and comparable to prior AF. The risk of newly diagnosed AF for stroke might be higher than that of prior AF.

4.
Circ J ; 2021 Sep 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34565782

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Outcomes of cryoballoon ablation for persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) are unclear, especially in Japanese patients, so the effectiveness and safety of cryoballoon ablation in clinical practice were retrospectively compared with those of contact force-sensing radiofrequency (CFRF) ablation including the high-power protocol.Methods and Results:Consecutive patients with persistent AF were reviewed, and 253 and 265 patients who underwent cryoballoon and CFRF ablation, respectively, were enrolled. The primary endpoint was atrial arrhythmia recurrence. The secondary endpoints were periprocedural complications and repeat ablation. The rate of additional left atrial (LA) ablation after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) was similar between groups (68.8% cryoballoon vs. 74.0% CFRF, P=0.19). Freedom from atrial arrhythmia recurrence was comparable between groups over a follow-up of 25.5±12.5 months (72.3% cryoballoon vs. 69.8% CFRF; adjusted hazard ratio (HR) 0.85, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.59-1.21, P=0.36). Outcomes were similar in the subgroups of PVI alone and PVI plus additional LA ablation. LA posterior wall isolation, absence of defragmentation, and low creatine clearance, but not catheter selection, were associated with the primary endpoint. Periprocedural complications (adjusted HR 0.73, 95% CI 0.34-1.54, P=0.41) and repeat ablation (adjusted HR 1.11, 95% CI 0.71-1.74, P=0.64) were similar for both procedures. CONCLUSIONS: Cryoballoon ablation for persistent AF in Japanese clinical practice had acceptable outcomes comparable to those of advanced CFRF ablation.

5.
Radiology ; : 204385, 2021 Aug 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34374587

RESUMO

Background Recent imaging techniques show that patients with aortic intramural hematoma (IMH) have various sizes of focal intimal disruptions (FIDs) that may affect clinical outcomes. Purpose To evaluate the relationship between size of FIDs detected at multidetector CT and disease progression in patients with type B IMH. Materials and Methods This retrospective study analyzed consecutive patients with type B IMH who underwent multidetector CT at admission within 24 hours after symptom onset from January 2011 to March 2017. FID was defined as a focal contrast material-filled pouch projecting outside of the aorta lumen with a communicating orifice greater than 3 mm. Large FID was defined as an FID of at least 10 mm in length and width and at least 5 mm in depth. Aorta-related events were defined as a composite of aortic rupture, surgical or endovascular aortic repair, progressive aortic enlargement, and development of aortic dissection. Results Seventy-six patients (mean age, 72 years ± 11 [standard deviation]; 54 men) were evaluated. Fifty patients (66%; 50 of 76) had 91 FIDs. Twenty-eight patients had large FIDs and 22 patients had small FIDs. Aorta-related events occurred in 15 of 28 patients with large FIDs, two of 22 patients with small FIDs, and four of 26 patients with no FID. Patients with large FIDs showed lower aorta-related event-free survival rates than did patients with small FIDs or no FID (small FIDS, 63% ± 10 vs 90% ± 7 at 3 years, respectively [P = .001]; and no FIDS, 63% ± 10 vs 84% ± 7 at 3 years, respectively [P = .005]). Multivariable analysis showed that a maximum aortic diameter of at least 40 mm (hazard ratio, 4.8; 95% CI: 1.8, 12.6; P = .001) and large FID (hazard ratio, 3.2; 95% CI: 1.1, 8.9; P = .03) were the independent predictors of aorta-related events. Conclusion A large portion of patients with B-intramural hematoma (IMH) had focal intimal disruption (FID) detected at CT at admission. Large FIDs were associated with disease progression of IMH. © RSNA, 2021 See also the editorial by Raptis and Braverman in this issue. Online supplemental material is available for this article.

6.
Medicine (Baltimore) ; 100(32): e26892, 2021 Aug 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34397913

RESUMO

ABSTRACT: There was no previous report on the prognostic impact of new-onset or improved anemia after discharge from acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF).We analyzed 771 patients with ADHF and who were followed in multicenters in Japan was divided into 4 groups based on the hemoglobin values at discharge and 6-month index visit: 373 patients (48.4%) with persistent anemia, 87 patients (11.3%) with new-onset anemia, 91 patients (11.8%) with improved anemia, and 220 patients (28.5%) without anemia.The primary outcome measure was a composite of all-cause death or HF hospitalization after index visit. The cumulative 6-month incidences of the primary outcome measure were 25.2% for persistent anemia, 18.5% for new onset anemia, 9.0% for improved anemia, and 9.2% for no anemia (log-rank P < .001). Compared with the no anemia group, the excess risk for the primary outcome measure remained significant in the persistent anemia group [hazard ratio (HR) 2.70, 95% confidence interval (95% CI), 1.45-5.44, P = .001] and in the new-onset anemia group (HR 2.73, 95% CI 1.19-6.25, P = .02), while it was not significant in the improved anemia group (HR 1.69, 95% CI 0.68-4.03, P = .25).Persistent and new-onset anemia at 6-month visit were associated with a subsequent higher risk for all-cause death or HF hospitalization in patients with ADHF, suggesting the importance of detecting anemia during follow-up.


Assuntos
Anemia/epidemiologia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/complicações , Volume Sistólico/fisiologia , Doença Aguda , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anemia/etiologia , Feminino , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/fisiopatologia , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
7.
Am J Cardiol ; 153: 20-29, 2021 08 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34238444

RESUMO

The treatment of coronary artery disease has substantially changed over the past two decades. However, it is unknown whether and how much these changes have contributed to the improvement of long-term outcomes after coronary revascularization. We assessed trends in the demographics, practice patterns and long-term outcomes in 24,951 patients who underwent their first percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) (n = 20,106), or isolated coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) (n = 4,845) using the data in a series of the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG Registries (Cohort-1 [2000 to 2002]: n = 7,435, Cohort-2 [2005 to 2007]: n = 8,435, and Cohort-3 [2011 to 2013]: n = 9,081). From Cohort-1 to Cohort-3, the patients got progressively older across subsequent cohorts (67.0 ± 10.0, 68.4 ± 9.9, and 69.8 ± 10.2 years, ptrend < 0.001). There was increased use of PCI over CABG (73.5%, 81.9%, and 85.2%, ptrend < 0.001) and increased prevalence of evidence-based medications use over time. The cumulative 3-year incidence of all-cause death was similar across the 3 cohorts (9.0%, 9.0%, and 9.3%, p = 0.74), while cardiovascular death decreased over time (5.7%, 5.1%, and 4.8%, p = 0.03). The adjusted risk for all-cause death and for cardiovascular death progressively decreased from Cohort-1 to Cohort-2 (HR:0.89, 95%CI:0.80 to 0.99, p = 0.03, and HR:0.80, 95%CI:0.70 to 0.92, p = 0.002, respectively), and from Cohort-2 to Cohort-3 (HR:0.86, 95%CI:0.78 to 0.95, p = 0.004, and HR:0.77, 95%CI:0.67-0.89, p < 0.001, respectively). The risks for stroke and repeated coronary revascularization also improved over time. In conclusions, we found a progressive and substantial reduction of adjusted risk for all-cause death, cardiovascular death, stroke, and repeated coronary revascularization over the past two decades in Japan.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/tendências , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Mortalidade/tendências , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea/tendências , Fatores Etários , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Cardiovasculares/mortalidade , Causas de Morte , Estudos de Coortes , Comorbidade/tendências , Diabetes Mellitus/epidemiologia , Terapia Antiplaquetária Dupla/tendências , Duração da Terapia , Medicina Baseada em Evidências , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/epidemiologia , Hemorragia/epidemiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão/epidemiologia , Japão/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/epidemiologia , Falência Renal Crônica/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Revascularização Miocárdica/tendências , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Hemorragia Pós-Operatória/epidemiologia , Sistema de Registros , Diálise Renal , Reoperação , Fumar/epidemiologia , Stents , Acidente Vascular Cerebral/epidemiologia , Trombose/epidemiologia
8.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(15): e021257, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34323122

RESUMO

Background Heart failure might be an important determinant in choosing coronary revascularization modalities. There was no previous study evaluating the effect of heart failure on long-term clinical outcomes after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) relative to coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). Methods and Results Among 14 867 consecutive patients undergoing first coronary revascularization with PCI or isolated CABG between January 2011 and December 2013 in the CREDO-Kyoto PCI/CABG registry Cohort-3, we identified the current study population of 3380 patients with three-vessel or left main coronary artery disease, and compared clinical outcomes between PCI and CABG stratified by the subgroup based on the status of heart failure. There were 827 patients with heart failure (PCI: N=511, and CABG: N=316), and 2553 patients without heart failure (PCI: N=1619, and CABG: N=934). In patients with heart failure, the PCI group compared with the CABG group more often had advanced age, severe frailty, acute and severe heart failure, and elevated inflammatory markers. During a median 5.9 years of follow-up, there was a significant interaction between heart failure and the mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG (interaction P=0.009), with excess mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG in patients with heart failure (HR, 1.75; 95% CI, 1.28-2.42; P<0.001) and no excess mortality risk in patients without heart failure (HR, 1.04; 95% CI, 0.80-1.34; P=0.77). Conclusions There was a significant interaction between heart failure and the mortality risk of PCI relative to CABG with excess risk in patients with heart failure and neutral risk in patients without heart failure.

9.
J Am Heart Assoc ; 10(15): e020292, 2021 08 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34325523

RESUMO

Background No clinical studies have focused on the factors associated with discharge destination in patients with acute decompensated heart failure. Methods and Results Of 4056 consecutive patients hospitalized for acute decompensated heart failure in the KCHF (Kyoto Congestive Heart Failure) registry, we analyzed 3460 patients hospitalized from their homes and discharged alive. There were 3009 and 451 patients who were discharged to home and nonhome, respectively. We investigated the factors associated with nonhome discharge and compared the outcomes between home discharge and nonhome discharge. Factors independently and positively associated with nonhome discharge were age ≥80 years (odds ratio [OR],1.76; 95% CI,1.28-2.42), body mass index ≤22 kg/m2 (OR,1.49; 95% CI,1.12-1.97), poor medication adherence (OR, 2.08; 95% CI,1.49-2.88), worsening heart failure (OR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.46-2.82), stroke during hospitalization (OR, 3.74; 95% CI, 1.75-8.00), functional decline (OR, 12.24; 95% CI, 8.74-17.14), and length of hospital stay >16 days (OR, 4.14; 95% CI, 3.01-5.69), while those negatively associated were diabetes mellitus (OR, 0.69; 95% CI, 0.51-0.94), cohabitants (OR, 0.62; 95% CI, 0.46-0.85), and ambulatory state before admission (OR, 0.25; 95% CI, 0.18-0.36). The cumulative 1-year incidence of all-cause death was significantly higher in the nonhome discharge group than in the home discharge group. The nonhome discharge group compared with the nonhome discharge group was associated with a higher adjusted risk for all-cause death (hazard ratio, 1.66; P<0.001). Conclusions The discharge destination of patients with acute decompensated heart failure is influenced by factors such as prehospital social background, age, body mass index, low self-care ability, events during hospitalization (worsening heart failure, stroke, etc), functional decline, and length of hospital stay; moreover, the prognosis of nonhome discharge patients is worse than that of home discharge patients. Registration Information clinicaltrials.gov. Identifier: NCT02334891.

10.
Circ J ; 2021 Jul 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34275976

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The clinical significance of concomitant mitral regurgitation (MR) has not been well addressed in patients with severe aortic stenosis (AS).Methods and Results:We analyzed 3,815 patients from a retrospective multicenter registry of severe AS in Japan (CURRENT AS registry). We compared the clinical outcomes between patients with moderate/severe MR and with none/mild MR according to the initial treatment strategy (initial aortic valve replacement [AVR] or conservative strategy). The primary outcome measure was a composite of aortic valve-related death or heart failure hospitalization. At baseline, moderate/severe MR was present in 227/1,197 (19%) patients with initial AVR strategy and in 536/2,618 (20%) patients with a conservative strategy. The crude cumulative 5-year incidence of the primary outcome measure was significantly higher in patients with moderate/severe MR than in those with none/mild MR, regardless of the initial treatment strategy (25.2% vs. 14.4%, P<0.001 in the initial AVR strategy, and 63.3% vs. 40.7%, P<0.001 in the conservative strategy). After adjusting confounders, moderate/severe MR was not independently associated with higher risk for the primary outcome measure in the initial AVR strategy (hazard ratio [HR] 1.11, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.67-1.83, P=0.69), and in the conservative strategy (HR 1.13, 95% CI 0.93-1.37, P=0.22). CONCLUSIONS: Concomitant moderate/severe MR was not independently associated with higher risk for the primary outcome measure regardless of the initial treatment strategy.

12.
Circ Cardiovasc Interv ; 14(5): e010384, 2021 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34003662

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Safety and efficacy of clopidogrel monotherapy after very short dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) is uncertain in patients undergoing complex percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). METHODS: We conducted a post hoc subgroup analysis based on the complexity of PCI in the STOPDAPT-2 trial (Short and Optimal Duration of Dual Antiplatelet Therapy-2), which randomly compared 1-month DAPT followed by clopidogrel monotherapy with 12-month DAPT after cobalt-chromium everolimus-eluting stent implantation. Complex PCI was defined as any of the following: 3 vessels treated, ≥3 stents implanted, ≥3 lesions treated, bifurcation with 2 stents, >60 mm total stent lengths, and target of chronic total occlusion. The primary end point was the composite of cardiovascular (cardiovascular death/myocardial infarction/definite stent thrombosis/stroke) and bleeding (TIMI [Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction] major/minor) end points. The major secondary end points were the cardiovascular and bleeding end points. RESULTS: Among the 3009 study patients, there were 509 patients (16.9%) with complex PCI (1-month DAPT: N=245, and 12-month DAPT: N=264) and 2500 patients (83.1%) without complex PCI (1-month DAPT: N=1255, and 12-month DAPT: N=1245). There were no significant interactions between the complexity of PCI and the effects of 1-month DAPT versus 12-month DAPT on the primary end point (complex PCI: 1.67% versus 5.32%, hazard ratio, 0.30 [95% CI, 0.10­0.92], P=0.04, and noncomplex PCI: 2.50% versus 3.35%, hazard ratio, 0.75 [95% CI, 0.47­1.20], P=0.23; Pinteraction=0.14), and on the major secondary cardiovascular end point (complex PCI: 1.67% versus 3.04%, hazard ratio, 0.54 [95% CI, 0.16­1.79], P=0.31, and noncomplex PCI: 2.02% versus 2.39%, hazard ratio, 0.86 [95% CI, 0.50­1.47], P=0.58; Pinteraction=0.49). The cumulative 1-year incidence of the major secondary bleeding end point was significantly lower in the 1-month DAPT group than in the 12-month DAPT group regardless of the complexity of PCI (complex PCI: 0% versus 2.29%, log-rank P=0.02, and noncomplex PCI: 0.48% versus 1.38%, log-rank P=0.02). CONCLUSIONS: The effects of clopidogrel monotherapy after 1-month DAPT relative to 12-month DAPT for the primary and major secondary end points were comparable in complex PCI and noncomplex PCI without significant interactions. REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov; Unique identifier: NCT02619760.

13.
ESC Heart Fail ; 8(4): 2826-2836, 2021 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33934541

RESUMO

AIMS: Although the prognostic impact of the high tricuspid regurgitation pressure gradient (TRPG) has been investigated, the association of the decrease in TRPG during follow-up with clinical outcomes in heart failure (HF) has not been previously studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the association of a decrease in TRPG between hospitalization and 6 month visit with subsequent clinical outcomes in patients with acute decompensated HF (ADHF). METHODS AND RESULTS: Among 721 patients with available TRPG data both during hospitalization and a subsequent 6 month visit, the study population was divided into two groups: a decrease in TRPG group (>10 mmHg decrease at 6 month visit) (N = 179) and no decrease in TRPG group (N = 542). The primary outcome measure was a composite of all-cause death or HF hospitalization. The cumulative 6 month incidence of primary outcome measure was significantly lower in the decrease in TRPG group than in the no decrease in TRPG group (12.2% vs. 18.7%, P = 0.02). After adjusting for confounders, there was a significantly lower risk in decrease in TRPG group than in the no decrease in TRPG group for the measured primary outcome (hazard ratio: 0.56, 95% confidence interval 0.32-0.93, P = 0.02). The lower risk in decrease in TRPG group was not different among the basal TRPG values. CONCLUSIONS: Heart failure patients with a decrease in TRPG at 6 months after discharge from ADHF hospitalization had lower subsequent risk of all-cause death and HF hospitalization than those without a decrease in TRPG, regardless of TRPG values.

14.
Cardiol Clin ; 39(2): 197-209, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33894934

RESUMO

Infective endocarditis (IE) is a rare but serious condition with a dismal prognosis. One of the keys to improving outcomes is the prompt identification of high-risk patients who have intracardiac and extracardiac (systemic and neurologic) complications. However, as cardiac and extracardiac complications indicating surgery add to the surgical risk for active IE, controversies surround the optimal indication and timing for surgery, especially in patients presenting neurologic complications. This article reviews the necessary evaluation for patients with suspected IE and proposes a state-of-the-art patient flow chart for evaluation of suspected IE.

15.
Cardiol Clin ; 39(2): 289-294, 2021 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33894942

RESUMO

Mitral annular disjunction is a structural abnormality of the mitral annulus fibrosus, which has been described by pathologists to be associated with mitral leaflet prolapse. Mitral annular disjunction is a common finding in patients with myxomatous mitral valve diseases. The prevalence of mitral annular disjunction should be checked routinely during presurgical imaging. Otherwise, mitral annular disjunction itself might be an arrhythmogenic entity, irrespective of the presence of mitral valve prolapse (MVP). Therefore, we should check echocardiography keeping in mind mitral annular disjunction. Further prospective studies are needed to address whether a causative mechanistic link exists between mitral annular disjunction and arrhythmic MVP.

16.
BMJ Open ; 11(3): e043683, 2021 03 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33789850

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate changes in demographics, clinical practices and long-term clinical outcomes of patients with ST segment-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) before and beyond 2010. DESIGN: Multicentre retrospective cohort study. SETTING: The Coronary Revascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto (CREDO-Kyoto) AMI Registries Wave-1 (2005-2007, 26 centres) and Wave-2 (2011-2013, 22 centres). PARTICIPANTS: 9001 patients with STEMI who underwent coronary revascularisation (Wave-1: 4278 patients, Wave-2: 4723 patients). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was all-cause death at 3 years. The secondary outcomes were cardiovascular death, cardiac death, sudden cardiac death, non-cardiovascular death, non-cardiac death, myocardial infarction, definite stent thrombosis, stroke, hospitalisation for heart failure, major bleeding, target vessel revascularisation, ischaemia-driven target vessel revascularisation, any coronary revascularisation and any ischaemia-driven coronary revascularisation. RESULTS: Patients in Wave-2 were older, more often had comorbidities and more often presented with cardiogenic shock than those in Wave-1. Patients in Wave-2 had shorter onset-to-balloon time and door-to-balloon time, were more frequently implanted drug-eluting stents, and received guideline-directed medication than those in Wave-1. The cumulative 3-year incidence of all-cause death was not significantly different between Wave-1 and Wave-2 (15.5% and 15.7%, p=0.77). The adjusted risk of all-cause death in Wave-2 relative to Wave-1 was not significant at 3 years (HR 0.92, 95% CI 0.83 to 1.03, p=0.14), but lower beyond 30 days (HR 0.86, 95% CI 0.75 to 0.98, p=0.03). The adjusted risks of Wave-2 relative to Wave-1 were significantly lower for definite stent thrombosis (HR 0.59, 95% CI 0.43 to 0.81, p=0.001) and for any coronary revascularisation (HR 0.75, 95% CI 0.69 to 0.81, p<0.001), but higher for major bleeding (HR 1.34, 95% CI 1.20 to 1.51, p=0.005). CONCLUSIONS: We could not demonstrate improvement in 3-year mortality risk from Wave-1 to Wave-2, but we found reduction in mortality risk beyond 30 days. We also found risk reduction for definite stent thrombosis and any coronary revascularisation, but an increase in the risk of major bleeding from Wave-1 to Wave-2.


Assuntos
Infarto do Miocárdio , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST , Estudos de Coortes , Demografia , Humanos , Infarto do Miocárdio/epidemiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/terapia , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Infarto do Miocárdio com Supradesnível do Segmento ST/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
Circ J ; 2021 Apr 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33907052

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Data evaluating the effects of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) relative to stable coronary artery disease (CAD) on bleeding risk after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) are scarce.Methods and Results:From the CREDO-Kyoto Registry Cohort-3, 13,258 patients undergoing first PCI (5,521 ACS; 7,737 stable CAD) were identified. Patients were further stratified according to ACS presentation and Academic Research Consortium High Bleeding Risk (HBR): ACS/HBR: n=2,502; ACS/no-HBR: n=3,019; stable CAD/HBR: n=3,905; and stable CAD/no-HBR: n=3,832. The primary bleeding endpoint was Bleeding Academic Research Consortium 3/5 bleeding, whereas the primary ischemic endpoint was myocardial infarction (MI)/ischemic stroke. Compared with stable CAD, ACS was associated with a significantly higher adjusted risk for bleeding (hazard ratio [HR] 1.85; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.68-2.03; P<0.0001), with a markedly higher risk within 30 days (HR 4.24; 95% CI 3.56-5.06; P<0.0001). Compared with the stable CAD/no-HBR group, the ACS/HBR, no-ACS/HBR, and ACS/no-HBR groups were associated with significantly higher adjusted risks for bleeding, with HRs of 3.05 (95% CI 2.64-3.54; P<0.0001), 1.89 (95% CI 1.66-2.15; P<0.0001), and 1.69 (95% CI 1.45-1.98; P<0.0001), respectively. There was no excess adjusted risk of the ACS relative to stable CAD group for MI/ischemic stroke (HR 1.07; 95% CI 0.94-1.22; P=0.33). CONCLUSIONS: Bleeding risk after PCI depended on both ACS presentation and HBR, with a significant effect of ACS within 30 days.

18.
Heart Vessels ; 36(10): 1536-1541, 2021 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33834270

RESUMO

Activities of daily living (ADL) are important prognostic factors for heart failure. The functional independent measure (FIM) has emerged as a comprehensive valid measure of ADL from both physical and cognitive perspectives. This study aimed to investigate the prognostic impact of the FIM score on clinical outcomes in hospitalized patients with acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF). We retrospectively analyzed 473 ADHF patients, with available pre-discharge FIM scores, admitted to our institution between May 2018 and May 2020. Primary outcome measures, defined as a composite of 180-day all-cause deaths and readmissions, were compared among three tertiles. The median FIM score was 102 (interquartile range: 85-115). Tertile 1 corresponded to an FIM score > 111 (n = 154), Tertile 2 to that of 90-111 (n = 167), and Tertile 3 to that of < 90 (n = 152). During follow-up, 28 deaths and 114 readmissions occurred. Patients with lower FIM scores were associated with a graded increase in the risk of primary outcome measure (p = 0.001). Even after multivariable adjustment, the results remained significant [Tertile 1 vs 3; adjusted hazard ratio: 3.28 (95% confidence interval: 1.72-6.56), p < 0.001; Tertile 2 vs 3; 2.32 (1.27-4.47), p = 0.006]. FIM scores were significantly associated with readmission or death within 180 days of discharge in hospitalized ADHF patients.

19.
BMJ Open ; 11(2): e044409, 2021 02 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33608404

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The association between sequential changes in left atrial diameter (LAD) and prognosis in heart failure (HF) remains to be elucidated. The present study aimed to investigate the link between reduction in LAD and clinical outcomes in patients with HF. DESIGN: A multicentre prospective cohort study. SETTING: This study was nested from the Kyoto Congestive Heart Failure registry including consecutive patients admitted for acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) in 19 hospitals throughout Japan. PARTICIPANTS: The current study population included 673 patients with HF who underwent both baseline and 6-month follow-up echocardiography with available paired LAD data. We divided them into two groups: the reduction in the LAD group (change <0 mm) (n=398) and the no-reduction in the LAD group (change ≥0 mm) (n=275). PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOMES: The primary outcome measure was a composite of all-cause death or hospitalisation for HF during 180 days after 6-month follow-up echocardiography. The secondary outcome measures were defined as the individual components of the primary composite outcome measure and a composite of cardiovascular death or hospitalisation for HF. RESULTS: The cumulative 180-day incidence of the primary outcome measure was significantly lower in the reduction in the LAD group than in the no-reduction in the LAD group (13.3% vs 22.2%, p=0.002). Even after adjusting 15 confounders, the lower risk of reduction in LAD relative to no-reduction in LAD for the primary outcome measure remained significant (HR 0.59, 95% CI 0.36 to 0.97 p=0.04). CONCLUSION: Patients with reduction in LAD during follow-up after ADHF hospitalisation had a lower risk for a composite endpoint of all-cause death or HF hospitalisation, suggesting that the change of LAD might be a simple and useful echocardiographic marker during follow-up.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Seguimentos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico por imagem , Humanos , Japão/epidemiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos
20.
BMJ Open ; 11(2): e044329, 2021 02 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33619198

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate patient characteristics and long-term outcomes in patients with non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS) in the past two decades. DESIGN: Multicenter retrospective study. SETTING: The Coronary REvascularization Demonstrating Outcome Study in Kyoto (CREDO-Kyoto) percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI)/coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) Registry Cohort-2 (2005-2007) and Cohort-3 (2011-2013). PARTICIPANTS: 3254 patients with NSTEACS who underwent first coronary revascularisation. PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES: The primary outcome was all-cause death. The secondary outcomes were cardiovascular death, cardiac death, sudden cardiac death, non-cardiovascular death, non-cardiac death, myocardial infarction, definite stent thrombosis, stroke, hospitalisation for heart failure, major bleeding, any coronary revascularisation and target vessel revascularisation. RESULTS: Patients in Cohort-3 were older and more often had heart failure at admission than those in Cohort-2. The prevalence of PCI, emergency procedure and guideline-directed medical therapy was higher in Cohort-3 than in Cohort-2. In patients who received PCI, the prevalence of transradial approach, drug-eluting stent use and intravascular ultrasound use was higher in Cohort-3 than in Cohort-2. There was no change in 3-year adjusted mortality risk from Cohort-2 to Cohort-3 (HR 1.00, 95% CI 0.83 to 1.22, p=0.97). Patients in Cohort-3 compared with those in Cohort-2 were associated with lower adjusted risks for stroke (HR 0.65, 95% CI 0.46 to 0.92, p=0.02) and any coronary revascularisation (HR 0.76, 95%CI 0.66 to 0.87, p<0.001), but with higher risk for major bleeding (HR 1.25, 95% CI 1.06 to 1.47, p=0.008). The unadjusted risk for definite stent thrombosis was lower in Cohort-3 than in Cohort 2 (HR 0.29, 95% CI 0.11 to 0.67, p=0.003). CONCLUSIONS: In the past two decades, we did not find improvement for mortality in patients with NSTEACS. We observed a reduction in the risks for definite stent thrombosis, stroke and any coronary revascularisation, but an increase in the risk for major bleeding.


Assuntos
Síndrome Coronariana Aguda , Doença da Artéria Coronariana , Stents Farmacológicos , Intervenção Coronária Percutânea , Síndrome Coronariana Aguda/cirurgia , Doença da Artéria Coronariana/cirurgia , Demografia , Humanos , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Resultado do Tratamento
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