Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 230
Filtrar
1.
BMC Cancer ; 21(1): 1231, 2021 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34789192

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The correlation between tumor location and lymphatic flow distribution in gastric cancer has been previously reported, and PTD (Proximal - Transitional - Distal) classification was proposed. Our group updated and developed the nPTD classification. METHOD: We retrospectively studied gastric cancer patients who underwent the dye method sentinel node biopsy from 1993 to 2020. The inclusion criteria were a single lesion type 0 cancer of ≤5 cm in the long axis, clinically node-negative, and invasion within the proper muscle layer pathologically. In this study, the distribution of dyed lymphatic flow was evaluated for each occupied area of the tumor. RESULTS: We included 416 patients in this study. The tumors located in the watershed of the right and left gastroepiploic arteries near greater curvature had extensive lymphatic flow; therefore, a newly circular region with a diameter of 5 cm is set on the watershed of the greater curvature between P and T zone as the 'n' zone. In addition, for cancers located in the lesser P curvature, lymphatic flow to the greater curvature was not observed. Therefore, the P zone was divided into two: the lesser curvature side (PL) and the greater curvature side (PG). CONCLUSIONS: The advantage of the nPTD classification is that it provides not only proper nodal dissection but also adequate function-preserving gastrectomy. If the tumor is localized within the PL, the proximal gastrectomy resection area can be further reduced. In contrast, for cancers located in the 'n' zone, near-total gastrectomy is required because of the extensive lymphatic flow.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34398301

RESUMO

Chronic inflammation contributes to tumor development by creating a local microenvironment that facilitates neoplastic transformation and potentiates the progression of cancer. Esophageal cancer (EC) is an inflammation-associated malignancy with a poor prognosis. The nature of the switch between chronic inflammation of the esophagus and EC-related immunological changes remains unclear. Here, we examined the dynamic alterations of immune cells at different stages of chronic esophagitis, Barrett's esophagus (BE) and EC using an esophageal spontaneous carcinogenesis rat model. We also investigated the anticancer effects of metformin. To stimulate EC carcinogenesis, chronic gastroduodenal reflux esophagitis via esophagojejunostomy was induced in 120 rats in metformin-treated and non-treated (control) groups. After 40 weeks, BE and EC developed in 96.7% and 63.3% of the control group, and in 66.7% and 23.3% of the metformin-treated group, respectively. Flow cytometric analysis demonstrated that the balance of M1/M2-polarized or phospho-Stat3-positive macrophages, regulatory T, cytotoxic T, natural killer (NK), NK T cells, and Th17 T cells was dynamically changed at each stage of the disease and were resolved by metformin treatment. These findings clarify the immunity in esophageal carcinogenesis and suggest that metformin could suppress this disease by improving the immunosuppressive tumor microenvironment and immune evasion.

4.
SAGE Open Med Case Rep ; 9: 2050313X211012511, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34017592

RESUMO

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors are common mesenchymal tumors of the gastrointestinal tract. The major site of metastasis for gastrointestinal stromal tumors is the liver or peritoneum, while metastasis to the ovary is exceptionally rare. A 53-year-old woman visited the hospital for bloating and anorexia and was diagnosed with a huge gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor and peritoneal metastasis in the pelvis on upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and abdominal enhanced computed tomography. After administration of imatinib, the tumor was significantly reduced, and we performed laparoscopic pelvic tumor resection and open proximal gastrectomy with transverse colectomy. Intraoperatively, the pelvic tumor was found to be an ovarian tumor. Microscopic examination confirmed a gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor with ovarian metastasis. In conclusion, we experienced a rare case of gastric gastrointestinal stromal tumor with ovarian metastasis. Preoperative administration of imatinib was successful and radical resection was achieved. Although pelvic tumors are difficult to differentiate preoperatively, the possibility of ovarian metastasis from gastrointestinal stromal tumor should be considered.

5.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(4): 581-583, 2021 Apr.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33976055

RESUMO

The patient was a 61‒year‒old man who had an advanced gastric cancer with peritoneal dissemination. After chemotherapy, intraoperative findings during a total gastrectomy revealed the disappearance of the dissemination nodules. Although adjuvant chemotherapy was performed, the presence of massive ascites led to the recurrence of the peritoneal dissemination 5 months after the surgery. While the chemotherapy regimen was altered, we observed no reduction in malignant ascites. The patient complained of abdominal distention and was admitted to our hospital for symptom management. We performed a cell‒free and concentrated ascites reinfusion therapy(CART)several times. However, symptom management proved difficult; therefore, the patient underwent a peritoneovenous shunt(Denver shunt)placement. After the shunting, we observed no organ injury and improved abdominal distention; however, an asymptomatic coagulopathy was present in the course. Additionally, blood examinations showed increased FDP‒DD and thrombin‒antithrombin complex(TAT). However, 6 months after the shunting, coagulopathy improved and the patient reported the absence of abdominal distention. This report describes a patient with an asymptomatic coagulopathy after Denver shunt placement and evaluated the clinical course by using TAT values.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Peritoneais , Derivação Peritoneovenosa , Neoplasias Gástricas , Ascite/etiologia , Ascite/terapia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/terapia , Neoplasias Gástricas/complicações , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
6.
Cancer Rep (Hoboken) ; 4(5): e1389, 2021 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33793095

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes (TILs) and other immune cells have been reported as a prognostic factor in several tumors, including gastric cancer, and they play an important role in antitumor effect at the primary site. There were few reports on the immune status in peritoneal metastatic lesions for gastric cancer. AIMS: The aims of this study were to assess the prognostic significance of TILs (CD4, CD8, CD19, regulatory T cells [Tregs]), and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) in peritoneal metastatic lesions. METHODS: We retrospectively investigated 60 patients for gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis who were treated between 2009 and 2016 in our institute. Immunohistochemistry for CD4, CD8, CD19, FOXP3, and CD33 was performed in the peritoneal metastatic lesions. The absolute numbers of immune cells and ratios were evaluated, and the relationship between immune-related marker and overall survival (OS) was investigated. RESULTS: A high infiltration of CD8+ lymphocytes or high CD8/CD33 ratio was a better prognosis for OS in univariate analysis using all immunologic variables (P = .012, P = .001). In multivariate analysis for clinical and immunologic variables, high CD8/CD33 ratio was identified as an independent prognostic factor for OS (Hazard ratio: 0.291, 95% confidence interval: 0.126-0.670, P = .004). CONCLUSION: High CD8/CD33 ratio and high infiltration of CD8+ lymphocytes in peritoneal metastatic lesions were favorable prognoses for gastric cancer patients with peritoneal metastasis. It is necessary to modify the immune microenvironment result to increase the level of CD8+ lymphocytes in the peritoneal metastatic lesions.

7.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(3): 449-451, 2021 Mar.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33790184

RESUMO

Although radiation therapy for pelvic cancer leads to improved outcomes, it may cause radiation enteritis. Radiation enteritis is classified as early and late reaction. Late reaction indicate progressive and irreversible changes caused by ischemic changes of the intestinal mucosa. Severe cases require a surgical treatment, which is challenging because of severe adhesions and a high risk of suture failure. In addition, the postoperative course may be unfavorable in some cases. We performed surgery for 4 radiation enteritis cases; however, the postoperative course was unfavorable in 2 cases because of impaired absorption and ileus of the remaining short bowel. These patients could not eat adequately after discharge; therefore, we needed to explain and make them understand the benefits and disadvantages of radiation therapy.


Assuntos
Enterite , Obstrução Intestinal , Neoplasias Pélvicas , Lesões por Radiação , Enterite/etiologia , Humanos , Mucosa Intestinal , Lesões por Radiação/etiologia
8.
Gan To Kagaku Ryoho ; 48(1): 130-132, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Japonês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33468744

RESUMO

We experienced 3 cases of upper gastric cancer who underwent BillrothⅠ reconstruction in laparoscopy assisted subtotal gastrectomy. Two cases were female and 1 was male. The postoperative course was uneventful in all cases without heartburn, and the surgical margin was negative. The body weight loss rate was 5.8-12.6%, and the short-term results were relatively acceptable. Although the number of cases in this study was small, reconstruction with BillrothⅠ/delta-shaped anastomosis after laparoscopy assisted subtotal gastrectomy were considered to be useful.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Feminino , Gastrectomia , Gastroenterostomia , Humanos , Masculino , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
9.
Esophagus ; 18(3): 482-488, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33454818

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: On the introduction of robot-assisted thoracoscopic esophagectomy (RATE), we refined the robotic system application to enhance our surgical experience obtained through thoracoscopic esophagectomy (TE) in the lateral decubitus position (LDP). Herein, we evaluate our methods introduced to optimize RATE in the LDP. METHODS: We performed RATE in the LDP with camera rotation and manual hand control assignment to reproduce the surgical view and manipulation of open esophagectomy. Forty patients underwent RATE between July 2018 and August 2020. After the initial 30 cases (initial RATE group), we optimized the port arrangement and robot settings in the most recent ten cases (recent RATE group). The surgical results of RATE were compared with those of 30 patients underwent TE between April 2014 and May 2019 selected by propensity score-matched analysis based on cStage (TE group). RESULTS: Operative duration was significantly longer in the initial RATE group than the TE group and the recent RATE group. Thoracic blood loss was significantly less in the initial RATE group than the TE group. Console time was significantly shorter in the recent RATE group than the initial RATE group. There was no surgical mortality in RATE and the surgical morbidity rate was similar in the three groups. CONCLUSIONS: Camera rotation and manual hand control assignment during RATE in the LDP reproduced the surgical view and manipulation of open esophagectomy and TE in the LDP. The robotic platform enabled meticulous dissection and reduced blood loss, but was initially time-consuming. Optimization of the port arrangement minimized operative duration.

10.
Surg Today ; 51(11): 1736-1754, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33486610

RESUMO

Palliative chemotherapy with best supportive care is a mainstay for patients with gastric cancer (GC) and distant metastasis. However, with advances in GC chemotherapy, multimodal treatment, including perioperative chemotherapy plus conversion surgery, has attracted attention as a new strategy to improve the outcome of patients with stage IV disease. Conversion surgery is defined as surgical treatment aimed at R0 resection after a good response to induction chemotherapy for tumors originally considered unresectable or marginally resectable for technical and/or oncological reasons. Various biological characteristics differ, depending on each metastatic condition in stage IV GC. The main metastatic pathways of GC can be divided into three categories: lymphatic, hematogenous, and peritoneal. In each category, considerable historical data on conversion surgery have demonstrated the benefits of individualized approaches. However, owing to the diversity of these conditions, a common definition, including the choice of induction chemotherapy, optimal timing of resection, and eligibility for conversion surgery, has not been established among surgical oncologists. Thus, we explore the current and future treatment options by reviewing the literature on this controversial topic comprehensively.

11.
Mol Clin Oncol ; 14(2): 26, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33414907

RESUMO

Neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) has become a standard treatment for borderline resectable pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). The present study examined the maximum tolerated dose of NAC with gemcitabine plus nab-paclitaxel (GnP) in patients with resectable PDAC. Between 2015 and 2019, 39 patients with resectable PDAC were enrolled in the present study. GnP was administered for two 28-day cycles on days 1, 8 and 15. The planned doses for levels 1, 2 and 3 were 75, 100 and 125 mg/m2, respectively, for nab-paclitaxel and 600, 800 and 1,000 mg/m2, respectively, for gemcitabine. Dose-limiting toxicity (neutropenia, anemia, thrombocytopenia and/or liver injury) was observed in 44.4% of patients treated at dose level 1 (21 patients) and 60.0% of those treated at dose level 2 (18 patients). Therefore, the maximum tolerated dose was set as level 1. Six patients withdrew from protocol treatment because of non-hematologic adverse events (skin rash, pancreatitis and biliary tract infection). Among the 31 patients with pathologically confirmed PDAC, partial response, stable disease and disease progression were recorded in 4 (12.9%), 24 (77.4%) and 3 (9.7%) patients, respectively. NAC significantly reduced tumor size according to computed tomography, and CA19-9 levels and the 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose maximum standardized uptake value were decreased in positron emission tomography. No postoperative complications attributable to NAC were recognized. Among the 27 patients with PDAC who underwent resection, the pathological treatment effect was judged as grades Ia, Ib and II in 21 (77.8%), 4 (14.8%) and 2 (7.4%) patients, respectively. R0 resection was performed in 24 out of 27 patients (88.9%). Adjuvant chemotherapy with oral S-1 was administered to 21 out of 27 patients (77.8%). In conclusion, NAC with GnP was safe and feasible for resectable PDAC at dose level 1. In the future, verification of the long-term results of the present study will be necessary, and a phase II clinical trial is anticipated.

12.
Jpn J Clin Oncol ; 51(2): 305-309, 2021 Feb 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33017014

RESUMO

This prospective multicenter non-randomized phase III study aims to evaluate the long-term outcome of sentinel node navigation surgery for early gastric cancer compared with conventional distal or total gastrectomy. Clinically diagnosed primary T1N0M0 gastric cancer patients with a single lesion (≤40 mm) and without previous endoscopic treatment will be enrolled in this study. Sentinel nodes are identified by dye and radioisotope tracers and are subjected to intraoperative rapid pathology. For patients with negative sentinel node metastasis, individualized surgery consisting of limited stomach resection and sentinel node basin dissection is performed, while standard gastrectomy with D2 lymph node dissection is employed for the positive sentinel node patients. A total of 225 patients will be accrued from 13 hospitals that have experience in sentinel node mapping. The primary endpoint is 5-year relapse-free survival. The secondary endpoints are overall survival, sentinel node detection rate, diagnostic accuracy for sentinel node, distribution of sentinel nodes and metastatic sentinel node/non-sentinel node, and postoperative quality of life.


Assuntos
Biópsia de Linfonodo Sentinela , Linfonodo Sentinela/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Determinação de Ponto Final , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Excisão de Linfonodo , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/patologia , Estudos Prospectivos , Qualidade de Vida , Linfonodo Sentinela/patologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia
13.
Gastric Cancer ; 24(1): 31-44, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32488650

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Interleukin-17A (IL-17A) is pro-inflammatory cytokine and acts as profibrotic factor in the fibrosis of various organs. Fibrosis tumor-like peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer interferes with drug delivery and immune cell infiltration because of its high internal pressure. In this study, we examined the relationship between IL-17A and tissue fibrosis in peritoneal dissemination and elucidated the mechanism of fibrosis induced by IL-17A using human peritoneal mesothelial cells (HPMCs) and a mouse xenograft model. METHODS: Seventy gastric cancer patients with peritoneal dissemination were evaluated. The correlation between IL-17A and fibrosis was examined by immunofluorescence and immunohistochemistry. A fibrosis tumor model was developed based on subcutaneous transplantation of co-cultured cells (HPMCs and human gastric cancer cell line MKN-45) into the dorsal side of nude mice. Mice were subsequently treated with or without IL-17A. We also examined the effect of IL-17A on HPMCs in vitro. RESULTS: There was a significant correlation between IL-17A expression, the number of mast cell tryptase (MCT)-positive cells, and the degree of fibrosis (r = 0.417, P < 0.01). In the mouse model, IL-17A enhanced tumor progression and fibrosis. HPMCs treated with IL-17A revealed changes to a spindle-like morphology, decreased E-cadherin expression, and increased α-SMA expression through STAT3 phosphorylation. Moreover, HPMCs treated with IL-17A showed increased migration. CONCLUSIONS: IL-17A derived from mast cells contributes to tumor fibrosis in peritoneal dissemination of gastric cancer. Inhibiting degranulation of mast cells might be a promising treatment strategy to control organ fibrosis.

14.
Technol Cancer Res Treat ; 19: 1533033820948141, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33073719

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Although cholangiolocellular carcinoma is considered a combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma, we feel that this classification is not appropriate. Therefore, we compared the diagnostic imaging findings, surgical prognosis, and pathological features of cholangiolocellular carcinoma with those of other combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma subtypes, hepatocellular carcinoma, and cholangiocarcinoma. METHODS: The study patients included 7 with classical type combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma; 8 with stem cell feature, intermediate type combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma; 13 with cholangiolocellular carcinoma; 58 with cholangiocarcinoma; and 359 with hepatocellular carcinoma. All patients underwent hepatectomy or living-related donor liver transplantation from 2001 to 2014. RESULTS: cholangiolocellular carcinoma could be distinguished from hepatocellular carcinom, other combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma subtypes, and cholangiocarcinoma by the presence of intratumoral Glisson's pedicle, hepatic vein penetration, and tumor-staining pattern on angiography-assisted CT. Cholangiolocellular carcinoma was associated with a significantly lower SUV-max than that of cholangiocarcinoma on FDG-PET. Hepatocellular carcinoma, classical type, and cholangiolocellular carcinoma had significantly better prognoses than stem cell feature, intermediate type and cholangiocarcinoma. A cholangiocarcinoma component was detected in cholangiolocellular carcinoma that progressed to the hepatic hilum, and the cholangiocarcinoma component was found in perineural invasion and lymph node metastases. CONCLUSIONS: From the viewpoint of surgeon, cholangiolocellular carcinoma should be classified as a good-prognosis subtype of biliary tract carcinoma because of its tendency to differentiate into cholangiocarcinoma during its progression, and its distinctive imaging and few recurrence rates different from other combined hepatocellular and cholangiocarcinoma subtypes.

15.
BMC Cancer ; 20(1): 1014, 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33081727

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Peritoneal metastasis (PM) in gastric cancer (GC) is characterized by diffusely infiltrating and proliferating cancer cells accompanied by extensive stromal fibrosis in the peritoneal space. The prognosis of GC with PM is still poor regardless of the various current treatments. In order to elucidate the cause of difficulties in PM treatment, we compared the tumor immune microenvironment (TME) in primary and PM lesions in GC. In addition, a PM model with fibrous stroma was constructed using immunocompetent mice to determine whether its TME was similar to that in patients. METHODS: Immuno-histochemical analyses of infiltrating immune cells were performed in paired primary and PM lesions from 28 patients with GC. A C57BL/6 J mouse model with PM was established using the mouse GC cell line YTN16 either with or without co-inoculation of mouse myofibroblast cell line LmcMF with α-SMA expression. The resected PM from each mouse model was analyzed the immunocompetent cells using immunohistochemistry. RESULTS: The number of CD8+ cells was significantly lower in PM lesions than in primary lesions (P < 0.01). Conversely, the number of CD163+ cells (M2 macrophages) was significantly higher in PM lesions than in primary lesions (P = 0.016). Azan staining revealed that YTN16 and LmcMF co-inoculated tumors were more fibrous than tumor with YTN16 alone (P < 0.05). Co-inoculated fibrous tumor also showed an invasive growth pattern and higher progression than tumor with YTN16 alone (P = 0.045). Additionally, YTN16 and LmcMF co-inoculated tumors showed lower infiltration of CD8+ cells and higher infiltration of M2 macrophages than tumors with YTN16 alone (P < 0.05, P < 0.05). These results indicate that LmcMF plays as cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) by crosstalk with YTN16 and CAFs contribute tumor progression, invasion, fibrosis, and immune suppression. CONCLUSIONS: This model is the first immunocompetent mouse model similar to TME of human clinical PM with fibrosis. By using this model, new treatment strategies for PM, such as anti-CAFs therapies, may be developed.


Assuntos
Actinas/metabolismo , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/metabolismo , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Miofibroblastos/citologia , Neoplasias Peritoneais/secundário , Neoplasias Peritoneais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia , Actinas/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Técnicas de Cocultura , Feminino , Humanos , Imunocompetência , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Transplante de Neoplasias , Neoplasias Peritoneais/imunologia , Neoplasias Gástricas/imunologia , Microambiente Tumoral
16.
BMC Gastroenterol ; 20(1): 325, 2020 Oct 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023478

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Postoperative pancreatic fistula (POPF) is a serious complication after gastric cancer surgery. The current study aimed to investigate the significance of the anatomic location of the pancreas as a predictor for POPF in both laparoscopic gastrectomy (LG) and open gastrectomy (OG). METHODS: In total, 233 patients with gastric cancer were assessed retrospectively. We measured the maximum vertical (P-L height; PLH) and horizontal length (P-L depth; PLD) between the upper border of pancreas and the root of left gastric artery on a preoperative CT in the sagittal direction. The maximum length of the vertical line between the surface of the pancreas and the aorta (P-A length), previously reported as prognostic factor of POPF, was also measured. We investigated the correlations between these parameters and the incidence of POPF in LG and OG groups. RESULTS: Among the patients in this study, 118 underwent OG and 115 underwent LG. In LG, the median PLH and P-A length in patients with POPF were significantly longer compared with those without POPF (p = 0.026, 0.034, respectively), but not in OG. There was no significant difference in the median PLD between the patients with or without POPF in both LG and OG. The multivariate analysis demonstrated that PLH (odds ratio [OR] 4.19, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.57-11.3, P = 0.004) and P-A length (OR 4.06, 95%CI 1.05-15.7, P = 0.042] were independent factors for predicting POPF in LG. However, intraoperative blood loss (OR 2.55, 95%CI 1.05-6.18, P = 0.038) was extracted as an independent factor in OG. The median amylase level in the drained fluid (D-Amy) were significantly higher in patients with high PLH(≥12.4 mm) or high P-A length (≥45 mm) compared with those with low PLH or low P-A length in LG. However, there were no differences in the D-Amy levels by PLH or P-A length in OG patients. CONCLUSIONS: The anatomic location of the pancreas is a specific and independent predictor of POPF in LG but not in OG. PLH is a simple parameter that can evaluate the anatomic position of the pancreas, and it may be useful for preventing POPF after LG.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Neoplasias Gástricas , Gastrectomia/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Pâncreas/diagnóstico por imagem , Pâncreas/cirurgia , Fístula Pancreática/epidemiologia , Fístula Pancreática/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Gástricas/cirurgia
17.
Surg Case Rep ; 6(1): 227, 2020 Sep 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32990826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Choriocarcinomas are usually classified as either gestational or non-gestational. Primary choriocarcinomas in the gastrointestinal tract, especially primary choriocarcinomas in the esophagus, are extremely rare. We report a case of a rare primary esophageal choriocarcinoma mixed with squamous cell carcinoma-like components in association with Barrett's adenocarcinoma. CASE PRESENTATION: A 58-year-old man visited the hospital, complaining of hematemesis and tarry stools. In emergency upper gastrointestinal endoscopy, a bleeding esophageal tumor was observed. Additionally, a contrast computed tomography (CT) scan showed a large hypervascular tumor 4.8 cm in diameter in the left kidney. He came to our institution for further examination and treatment of the esophageal tumor and kidney lesion. The patient had an easy bleeding elevated tumor 2 cm in diameter at the left wall of the middle thoracic esophagus and a left renal carcinoma. Histopathological diagnosis of the biopsy specimen of the esophageal tumor was a poorly differentiated carcinoma. However, a precise histological type diagnosis could not be obtained. In June 2016, mediastinoscopic transhiatal esophagectomy and posterior mediastinal gastric tube reconstruction were performed to treat his esophageal tumor. Histopathologically, most of the tumor comprised hCG-positive syncytiotrophoblasts. Therefore, we confirmed it as a primary esophageal choriocarcinoma. Furthermore, the tumor contained a poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma-like component that was also diagnosed as a choriocarcinoma using immunohistochemical staining and there was a small Barrett's esophageal adenocarcinoma lesion in the Barrett's epithelium near the tumor. Three months after surgery, a CT scan demonstrated multiple lung metastatic nodules and multiple intrahepatic masses. Needle biopsy from the lung nodule showed a choriocarcinoma. Despite chemotherapy, the metastatic choriocarcinoma regrew rapidly and multiple bone metastases appeared. He died because of his esophageal choriocarcinoma 13 months after primary resection. CONCLUSIONS: We encountered an extremely rare case of esophageal choriocarcinoma combined with squamous cell carcinoma-like components in association with a simultaneous Barrett's adenocarcinoma that we followed for the entire course of his disease, from resection to end of life. Esophageal choriocarcinomas are rare with peculiar characteristics and very poor prognoses. Additional cases are needed to establish an appropriate future treatment.

18.
Int J Oncol ; 57(4): 980-988, 2020 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32945350

RESUMO

The impacts of post­operative abdominal infectious complications increase hematogenous distant metastasis and result in poor long­term survival after curative resection. Even if curative resection can be performed, the presence of circulating tumor cells is affected. The liver, the most common site of metastases, is an important organ in innate immune surveillance. However, the molecular mechanisms of distant hematogenous metastasis are not yet fully known. Platelets are crucial components in the tumor microenvironment that function to promote tumor progression and metastasis. The purpose of this study was to identify the effect of platelets on escape from innate immune surveillance in post­operative abdominal infectious complications. Platelet adherence was assessed by co­culturing human pancreatic cancer cells including transforming growth factor (TGF­ß)­treated BxPC­3. CD44 isoform, transcription factors and epithelial­mesenchymal transition markers were examined using western blotting. We also assessed whether cancer cells surrounded by activated platelets could escape from innate immune surveillance, using infectious and non­infectious mouse models injected intraperitoneally with LPS. Platelets were found to preferentially adhere to mesenchymal cells rather than epithelial cells. BxPC­3 epithelial cells showed upregulation of CD44­variant and epithelial splicing regulatory protein 1 (ESRP­1) expression. However, Panc­1 mesenchymal cells and TGF­ß­treated BxPC­3 cells showed upregulation of CD44­standard and zinc finger E­box­binding homeobox 1 (ZEB­1) expression and a reduction in ESRP­1. In the non­infectious model, cancer cells were not found in the liver. In the infectious model, although epithelial cells without platelet adhesion were in an apoptotic state, mesenchymal cells showed many viable cancer cells surrounded by activated platelets. Cancer cells were suggested to have phenotypic plasticity through the switching of CD44 isoforms. Mesenchymal cells, which express CD44­standard, could escape from immune surveillance by becoming surrounded by adhered activated platelets. Therefore, it may be necessary to administer antiplatelet agents to prevent distant hematogenous metastasis when post­operative abdominal infectious complications occur.


Assuntos
Plaquetas/imunologia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/imunologia , Adesividade Plaquetária/imunologia , Microambiente Tumoral/imunologia , Animais , Plaquetas/metabolismo , Plaquetas/patologia , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Transição Epitelial-Mesenquimal , Humanos , Receptores de Hialuronatos/imunologia , Receptores de Hialuronatos/metabolismo , Imunidade Inata , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/sangue , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/patologia , Evasão Tumoral
19.
Ann Transplant ; 25: e922306, 2020 Jul 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32661218

RESUMO

BACKGROUND Severe pericentral zone (zone 3)-based liver injury (LI) may become intractable, with allograft dysfunction after liver transplantation. The phosphodiesterase-3 inhibitor, milrinone, has been reported to attenuate hepatic ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI). This study clarified how hepatic IRI involved zone 3-based LI, in which zone milrinone was effective, and whether milrinone could improve small intestinal injury (SII) with hepatic IRI. MATERIAL AND METHODS Rats were divided into sham, ischemia-reperfusion (IR), or IR+milrinone groups (n=13 per group). Milrinone was administered intraportally via intrasplenic injection, and whole hepatic ischemia was induced for 30 min. Five hours after reperfusion, serum chemistry and histopathological findings were compared. Expression of CD34 for the detection of altered sinusoidal endothelium as sinusoidal capillarization and cleaved caspase-3 as an apoptosis marker were analyzed via immunohistochemistry. Survival rates were examined after 45 min of whole hepatic ischemia. RESULTS Serum aspartate aminotransferase and direct bilirubin levels were significantly decreased in the IR+milrinone group compared with those of the IR group. The degree of LI, sinusoidal capillarization and apoptosis at zone 3 in the IR group was significantly increased compared with those at the periportal zone (zone 1). These findings at zone 3 in the IR group were improved in the IR+milrinone group. SII with villus congestion and apoptosis in the IR group was significantly attenuated in the IR+milrinone group. The 7-day survival rate was significantly elevated in the IR+milrinone group as compared with that of the IR group. CONCLUSIONS A hepatic IRI model caused zone 3-based LI and SII, which were attenuated by intraportal administration of milrinone.


Assuntos
Intestino Delgado/patologia , Isquemia/patologia , Precondicionamento Isquêmico/métodos , Fígado/irrigação sanguínea , Milrinona/uso terapêutico , Inibidores da Fosfodiesterase 3/uso terapêutico , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/prevenção & controle , Animais , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/patologia
20.
Oncol Lett ; 20(2): 1879-1887, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32724431

RESUMO

Extravasated platelet aggregation (EPA) serves an important role in the cancer microenvironment during cancer progression, and has been demonstrated to interact with tumor cells in several types of cancer. EPA induces epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) via transforming growth factor-ß, and also recruits immunosuppressive cells, including regulatory T (Treg) cells and myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs). However, the role of EPA in gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis remains unknown. The present study analyzed the association between EPA and prognosis in patients with gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis. The present study evaluated 62 patients diagnosed with advanced gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis between 2001 and 2016. EPA, EMT, Treg cells and MDSCs in peritoneal metastatic lesions were detected by immunohistochemical evaluation of CD42b, SNAIL, FOXP3 and CD33, respectively. CD42b expression was observed in 56.5% (35/62) of peritoneal metastatic lesions. CD42b expression in peritoneal metastatic lesions was associated with poor overall survival compared with lower frequencies (hazard ratio, 2.03; 95% confidence interval, 1.12-3.69; P=0.018). SNAIL, FOXP3 and CD33 expression were not associated with overall survival, but CD33 expression was markedly higher in CD42b-positive patients (P=0.022). These results indicated that EPA affects immunosuppression by recruiting MDSCs in the tumor microenvironment via the secretion of soluble factors, resulting in tumor progression. EPA may be a novel therapeutic target for gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis.

SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...