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J Ophthalmol ; 2019: 6327041, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31737358


Objectives: To describe and compare clinical findings in different subtypes of biopsy-proven intraocular lymphomas (IOLs). Design: Retrospective, observational case series. Methods: The clinical and pathologic features in IOLs at the Hospital Clinic of Barcelona from 1995 to 2018 were retrospectively studied. Results: Twenty-one patients, 12 men (57%), median age 60 (interquartile range, IQR: 18 years), and a median follow-up of 30 (IQR 60) months were included. Eleven patients had primary vitreo-retinal lymphoma (PVRL, 52%), 4 had primary uveal lymphoma (PUL, 19%), and 6 had systemic metastatic retinal lymphomas (SMRLs, 28%). Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was the main IOL subset in PVRL (91%) and in SMRL (83%), whereas extranodal marginal zone lymphoma was the only type in PUL (100%). Survival rate was 44% in PVRL and 20% in SMRL at 5 years (p=0.047). One patient had flow cytometry of two different vitreous humour samples. With them, flow cytometry was performed in a total of 11 samples, yielding 7 positive samples. Conclusions and Relevance: Even though PVRL is the most frequent IOL subtype, our findings suggest that PUL and SMRL should be considered as potential IOL causes. Overall survival was poor in PVRL and even shorter in SMRL patients.

BMC Infect Dis ; 19(1): 874, 2019 Oct 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31640598


BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is an emerging infectious disease. Due to human migration and tourism, visceral leishmaniasis may become more common in non-endemic areas. In the Mediterranean basin, visceral leishmaniasis typically occurs in rural regions. CASE PRESENTATION: We present an unusual urban case of acute liver failure due to visceral leishmaniasis, following a prolonged fever of unknown origin. After obtaining negative results from the bone marrow aspirate, we performed a liver biopsy that elucidated the diagnosis. The liver involvement in visceral leishmaniasis may appear as chronic granulomatous hepatitis. However diffuse hepatitis process, a necro-inflammatory pattern, without forming granulomas were observed in the liver biopsy specimens in this case. Intracytoplasmic Leishmania amastigotes were observed in the liver biopsy specimens and a polymerase chain reaction confirmed the diagnosis. Only five pathological confirmed cases of acute hepatitis due to visceral leishmaniasis have been described so far, just two in adults and both from Barcelona. A revision of the literature is performed. CONCLUSIONS: Acute hepatitis is an uncommon debut of visceral leishmaniasis in immunocompetent patients. Furthermore there are only few cases in the literature that describe the histopathological changes that we found in this patient. In conclusion, in case of acute hepatitis leading to liver failure, leishmaniasis should be considered a differential diagnosis (even in non-endemic countries and without clear epidemiological exposure) and liver biopsy can elucidate the diagnosis.

Antiprotozoários/uso terapêutico , Leishmaniose Visceral/complicações , Leishmaniose Visceral/tratamento farmacológico , Falência Hepática Aguda/etiologia , Anfotericina B/uso terapêutico , Biópsia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Febre/etiologia , Hepatite/tratamento farmacológico , Hepatite/etiologia , Hepatite/parasitologia , Humanos , Falência Hepática Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
Crit Care Med ; 47(6): e470-e477, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30882478


OBJECTIVES: Latest trials failed to confirm merits of nebulized amikacin for critically ill patients with nosocomial pneumonia. We studied various nebulized and IV antibiotic regimens in a porcine model of severe Pseudomonas aeruginosa pneumonia, resistant to amikacin, fosfomycin, and susceptible to meropenem. DESIGN: Prospective randomized animal study. SETTING: Animal Research, University of Barcelona, Spain. SUBJECTS: Thirty female pigs. INTERVENTIONS: The animals were randomized to receive nebulized saline solution (CONTROL); nebulized amikacin every 6 hours; nebulized fosfomycin every 6 hours; IV meropenem alone every 8 hours; nebulized amikacin and fosfomycin every 6 hours; amikacin and fosfomycin every 6 hours, with IV meropenem every 8 hours. Nebulization was performed through a vibrating mesh nebulizer. The primary outcome was lung tissue bacterial concentration. Secondary outcomes were tracheal secretions P. aeruginosa concentration, clinical variables, lung histology, and development of meropenem resistance. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: We included five animals into each group. Lung P. aeruginosa burden varied among groups (p < 0.001). In particular, IV meropenem and amikacin and fosfomycin + IV meropenem groups presented lower P. aeruginosa concentrations versus amikacin and fosfomycin, amikacin, CONTROL, and fosfomycin groups (p < 0.05), without significant difference between these two groups undergoing IV meropenem treatment. The sole use of nebulized antibiotics resulted in dense P. aeruginosa accumulation at the edges of the interlobular septa. Amikacin, amikacin and fosfomycin, and amikacin and fosfomycin + IV meropenem effectively reduced P. aeruginosa in tracheal secretions (p < 0.001). Pathognomonic clinical variables of respiratory infection did not differ among groups. Resistance to meropenem increased in IV meropenem group versus amikacin and fosfomycin + meropenem (p = 0.004). CONCLUSIONS: Our findings corroborate that amikacin and fosfomycin alone efficiently reduced P. aeruginosa in tracheal secretions, with negligible effects in pulmonary tissue. Combination of amikacin and fosfomycin with IV meropenem does not increase antipseudomonal pulmonary tissue activity, but it does reduce development of meropenem-resistant P. aeruginosa, in comparison with the sole use of IV meropenem. Our findings imply potential merits for preemptive use of nebulized antibiotics in order to reduce resistance to IV meropenem.