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1.
Musculoskelet Surg ; 101(2): 167-172, 2017 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28168637

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: This study aims to illustrate the results of percutaneous forefoot surgery (PFS) for correction of hallux valgus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective study of 108 patients, with hallux valgus deformity, who underwent PFS was conducted. The minimum clinical and radiological follow-up was two years (mean 57.3 months, range 22-112). RESULTS: Preoperative mean visual analog scale was 6.3 ± 1.5 points, and AOFAS scores were 50.6 ± 11 points. At the last follow-up, both scores improved to 1.9 ± 2.4 points and 85.9 ± 1.83 points, respectively. Mean hallux valgus angle changed from 34.3° ± 9.3° preoperatively to 22.5° ± 11.1° at follow-up. At follow-up, 76.5% of the subjects were satisfied or very satisfied. Recurrence of medial 1st MT head pain happened in 22 cases (16.7%). CONCLUSIONS: PFS, in our study, does not improve the radiological and patient satisfaction rate results compared with conventional procedures. The main advantage is a low postoperative pain level, but with an insufficient HVA correction. LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: II, prospective study.


Assuntos
Hallux Valgus/cirurgia , Osteotomia/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos , Estudos Prospectivos , Adulto Jovem
2.
Rev Esp Cir Ortop Traumatol ; 56(1): 51-3, 2012 Jan-Feb.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23177943

RESUMO

Staphylococcus epidermidis is the most prevalent species of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS). It accounts for over 65% of all staphylococci isolated from samples. In recent years the increasing relevance of CNS as pathogens is evident, mainly causing bacteraemia and prosthetic device infection. Linezolid, being an effective antibiotic against this pathogen, and due to its ease of use and oral posology, is becoming the treatment of choice in outpatients. However, the continued use of this drug is causing the development of resistant strains. We describe a prosthetic infection due to linezolid resistant S. epidermidis that appeared in a patient who had been previously treated with this drug for 16 days due to the isolation of Bacillus sp. This case was not related to a resistant strain hospital outbreak.


Assuntos
Acetamidas/efeitos adversos , Anti-Infecciosos/efeitos adversos , Prótese do Joelho/microbiologia , Oxazolidinonas/efeitos adversos , Infecções Estafilocócicas , Staphylococcus epidermidis/efeitos dos fármacos , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Farmacorresistência Bacteriana/efeitos dos fármacos , Feminino , Humanos , Linezolida , Falha de Prótese/etiologia , Staphylococcus epidermidis/isolamento & purificação
3.
An. pediatr. (2003, Ed. impr.) ; 77(4): 226-235, oct. 2012. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-102699

RESUMO

Introducción: Los conocimientos y las actitudes hacia el asma pueden condicionar la integración de adolescentes con asma en la escuela, así como a afectar su calidad de vida. Nuestro objetivo fue conocer el estado de los conocimientos y las actitudes sobre asma en centros de enseñanza secundaria y su relación con la calidad de vida de estudiantes con asma, como primer paso a una intervención educativa. Material y método: Estudio descriptivo y transversal en estudiantes de 13 y 14 años de edad y su profesorado en 26 institutos de Sevilla y provincia. Se han utilizado como herramientas de estudio el cuestionario de conocimientos NAKQ, el de actitudes de Gibson frente al asma y el Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire. Para valorar la normalidad de variables se usó el test de Kolmogorov-Smirnov y como tests no paramétricos la U de Mann-Whitney y W de Wilcoxon. Para la asociación entre variables, usamos coeficientes de regresión y la rho de Spearman. Resultados: Se han estudiado a 3.827 estudiantes (279 con asma) y 548 profesores. Todos tenían bajos conocimientos sobre asma. La calidad de vida en asma estaba leve a moderadamente afectada, más baja en mujeres 5,38±1,08 (IC del 95%, 5,20-5,55) que en varones 5,77±1,18) (IC del 95%, 5,56-5,97), p=0,0000. No encontramos relación entre conocimientos, actitudes y calidad de vida en el asma. Conclusiones: Se constata un bajo nivel de conocimientos sobre el asma en el alumnado y el profesorado. Los asmáticos presentan una afectación de la calidad de vida relacionada con el asma, de grado leve a moderado, que es peor en las chicas. Los conocimientos no tienen relación con las actitudes frente al asma en todos los grupos ni con la calidad de vida de los asmáticos(AU)


Introduction: Knowledge and attitudes toward asthma can condition the integration of adolescents with asthma in school and affect their quality of life. Our objective was to determine the state of knowledge, attitudes on asthma in secondary schools, and its relationship to quality of life of pupils with asthma, as an early step to an educational intervention. Methods: Descriptive and cross-sectional study of pupils aged 13 and 14 years old and their teachers in 26 schools of Seville and province. We used, as study tools, the Newcastle Asthma Knowledge Questionnaire, the Gibson attitudes towards asthma, and the Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire. To assess the normality of variables, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used, and for non-parametric variables the U Mann-Whitney and W Wilcoxon tests were used. For the association between variables, we use the regression coefficients and rho Spearman. Results: We studied 3827 pupils (279 with asthma) and 548 teachers. All had little knowledge about asthma. The quality of life in asthma was mild to moderately affected, and lower in girls, 5.38±1.08 (95% CI=5.20 to 5.55) than in boys 5.77 (± 1.18) (95% CI=5.56 to 5.97), P=.0000. We found no relationship between knowledge, attitudes and quality of life in asthma. Conclusions: We found a low level of knowledge about asthma in pupils and teacher. Asthma sufferers have a mild to moderate asthma quality of life, which is worse for girls. Knowledge has no relationship with attitudes to asthma in all groups, or with the quality of life of asthma sufferers(AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Criança , Adolescente , Asma/epidemiologia , Educação em Saúde/organização & administração , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Serviços de Saúde Escolar
4.
An Pediatr (Barc) ; 77(4): 226-35, 2012 Oct.
Artigo em Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22465286

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Knowledge and attitudes toward asthma can condition the integration of adolescents with asthma in school and affect their quality of life. Our objective was to determine the state of knowledge, attitudes on asthma in secondary schools, and its relationship to quality of life of pupils with asthma, as an early step to an educational intervention. METHODS: Descriptive and cross-sectional study of pupils aged 13 and 14 years old and their teachers in 26 schools of Seville and province. We used, as study tools, the Newcastle Asthma Knowledge Questionnaire, the Gibson attitudes towards asthma, and the Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire. To assess the normality of variables, the Kolmogorov-Smirnov test was used, and for non-parametric variables the U Mann-Whitney and W Wilcoxon tests were used. For the association between variables, we use the regression coefficients and rho Spearman. RESULTS: We studied 3827 pupils (279 with asthma) and 548 teachers. All had little knowledge about asthma. The quality of life in asthma was mild to moderately affected, and lower in girls, 5.38±1.08 (95% CI=5.20 to 5.55) than in boys 5.77 (± 1.18) (95% CI=5.56 to 5.97), P=.0000. We found no relationship between knowledge, attitudes and quality of life in asthma. CONCLUSIONS: We found a low level of knowledge about asthma in pupils and teacher. Asthma sufferers have a mild to moderate asthma quality of life, which is worse for girls. Knowledge has no relationship with attitudes to asthma in all groups, or with the quality of life of asthma sufferers.


Assuntos
Asma/psicologia , Docentes , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Qualidade de Vida , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Asma/epidemiologia , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , População Rural , Instituições Acadêmicas , Fatores Sexuais , Espanha/epidemiologia , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Inquéritos e Questionários , População Urbana
5.
Rev. esp. cir. ortop. traumatol. (Ed. impr.) ; 56(1): 51-53, ene.-feb. 2012.
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-96535

RESUMO

Staphylococcus epidermidis (S. epidermidis) es la especie más prevalente de los estafilococos coagulasa negativos (ECN). Supone más del 65% de todos los estafilococos aislados en las muestras. En los últimos años, el protagonismo como patógenos es manifiesto, fundamentalmente causando bacteriemia e infección de material protésico. El linezolid, por ser un antibiótico eficaz frente a este patógeno y ante su facilidad de uso por vía oral, está siendo de elección en el tratamiento de estas infecciones en el domicilio. Sin embargo, el uso continuado de este fármaco está causando la aparición de resistencias. Presentamos el caso clínico de una infección protésica por S. epidermidis resistente a linezolid en un paciente en el que previamente se había aislado Bacillus sp., motivo por el que había recibido este antibiótico durante 16 días. El caso no estuvo relacionado con un brote intrahospitalario de S. epidermidis resistente a linezolid (AU)


Staphylococcus epidermidis is the most prevalent species of coagulase-negative staphylococci (CNS). It accounts for over 65% of all staphylococci isolated from samples. In recent years the increasing relevance of CNS as pathogens is evident, mainly causing bacteraemia and prosthetic device infection. Linezolid, being an effective antibiotic against this pathogen, and due to its ease of use and oral posology, is becoming the treatment of choice in outpatients. However, the continued use of this drug is causing the development of resistant strains. We describe a prosthetic infection due to linezolid resistant S. epidermidis that appeared in a patient who had been previously treated with this drug for 16 days due to the isolation of Bacillus sp. This case was not related to a resistant strain hospital outbreak (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Prótese do Joelho/tendências , Prótese do Joelho , Infecção/complicações , Infecção/diagnóstico , Infecção/tratamento farmacológico , Controle de Infecções/métodos , Staphylococcus epidermidis/isolamento & purificação , Staphylococcus epidermidis/patogenicidade , Bacteriemia/complicações , Bacteriemia/tratamento farmacológico , Prótese do Joelho/microbiologia , Staphylococcus epidermidis , Bacteriemia/terapia , Bacillus/patogenicidade
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