Your browser doesn't support javascript.
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 62
Filtrar
Mais filtros










Intervalo de ano de publicação
1.
Eur. j. psychol. appl. legal context (Internet) ; 12(1): 11-21, ene.-jun. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | ID: ibc-ET1-4539

RESUMO

This study aimed to address how multiple risk factors that were previously related and derived from ecological levels, when taken together, could explain child-to-mother and child-to-father violence. A total of 298 Spanish adolescents (140 girls) who had committed CPV, with a mean age of 15.91 (SDage = 1.89), offender residents of specialized closed institutions for adolescents who had aggressed their parents (49.5%) and educational centres (50.6%) completed all measures. Both models obtained adequate fit indexes and explained about 50% of the variance in the two types of violence. At contextual (exosystem) level, peer deviance was indirectly related to both types of CPV. At family level (microsystem), the strongest direct predictor in both models was parental ineffectiveness in applying discipline. An additional direct path to child-to-mother violence was the use of corporal punishment. At individual level (ontogenic), the two strongest direct predictors in both models were adolescents' impulsivity and substance abuse. The models highlight the complexity of the variables involved in the development of CPV. Regarding intervention implications, the models show the importance of paying attention to family variables, such as parents' mode of implementation of disciplinary measures, and individual factors, such as adolescents' impulsivity and substance abuse


Este estudio tuvo como fin abordar de qué modo podría explicar la violencia filio-parental (VFP) hacia la madre y hacia el padre los múltiples factores de riesgo relacionados previamente y derivados de niveles ecológicos en su conjunto. Un total de 298 adolescentes españoles (140 chicas) que presentaban índices elevados de VFP, con una edad media de 15.91 (DT = 1.89) y pertenecientes a centros psicoterapéuticos cerrados especializados en el trabajo de la VFP (49.5%) y a centros educativos (50.6%) cumplimentaron todas las medidas. Ambos modelos obtuvieron índices de ajuste adecuados y explicaron aproximadamente el 50% de la varianza de los dos tipos de VPF. En el nivel contextual (exosistema), la influencia de compañeros conflictivos se relacionó indirectamente con ambos tipos de VFP. A nivel familiar (microsistema), el mayor predictor directo en ambos modelos fue la ineficacia parental en la aplicación de la disciplina. Una relación directa adicional en el caso de la VFP hacia la madre fue el uso del castigo físico. Al nivel individual (ontogénico), los dos mejores predictores directos en ambos modelos fueron la impulsividad y el abuso de sustancias por parte de los adolescentes. Los modelos subrayan la complejidad de las variables involucradas en el desarrollo de la VFP. Respecto a las implicaciones para la intervención, los modelos enfatizan la importancia de prestar atención a las variables familiares, como el modo en el que los progenitores implementan las estrategias disciplinarias, y a factores individuales, como la impulsividad y el abuso de sustancias de los adolescentes

2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31990578

RESUMO

Little attention has been given academically to empirically tested theoretical frameworks that aim at measuring the risk of adolescents falling victim to cybergrooming. To this end, we have applied the routine activity theory (RAT) to investigate whether exposure to motivated offenders (PC/laptop ownership and Internet access in one's own bedroom), capable guardianship (parental mediation strategies of Internet use), and target suitability (adolescents' online disclosure of private information) might predict cybergrooming victimization among adolescents. Using data from a cross-sectional survey of 5,938 adolescents from Germany, India, South Korea, Spain, Thailand, and the United States, ranging in age from 12 to 18 (M = 14.77, SD = 1.60), we found that PC/laptop ownership and Internet access in one's own bedroom, parental mediation, and online disclosure are all directly associated with cybergrooming victimization. Although instructive parental mediation is negatively related to online disclosure and cybergrooming victimization, restrictive mediation is positively related to both. In addition, online disclosure partially mediated the relationship between parental mediation and cybergrooming victimization. The analyses confirm the effectiveness of applying RAT to cybergrooming. Moreover, this study highlights the need for prevention programs, including lessons on age-appropriate information and communication technology usage and access, to educate parents on using instructive strategies of Internet mediation, and inform adolescents about how to avoid disclosing too much private information online. RAT could function as a theoretical framework for these programs.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635408

RESUMO

Online hate is a topic that has received considerable interest lately, as online hate represents a risk to self-determination and peaceful coexistence in societies around the globe. However, not much is known about the explanations for adolescents posting or forwarding hateful online material or how adolescents cope with this newly emerging online risk. Thus, we sought to better understand the relationship between a bystander to and perpetrator of online hate, and the moderating effects of problem-focused coping strategies (e.g., assertive, technical coping) within this relationship. Self-report questionnaires on witnessing and committing online hate and assertive and technical coping were completed by 6829 adolescents between 12 and 18 years of age from eight countries. The results showed that increases in witnessing online hate were positively related to being a perpetrator of online hate. Assertive and technical coping strategies were negatively related with perpetrating online hate. Bystanders of online hate reported fewer instances of perpetrating online hate when they reported higher levels of assertive and technical coping strategies, and more frequent instances of perpetrating online hate when they reported lower levels of assertive and technical coping strategies. In conclusion, our findings suggest that, if effective, prevention and intervention programs that target online hate should consider educating young people about problem-focused coping strategies, self-assertiveness, and media skills. Implications for future research are discussed.

4.
Front Psychiatry ; 10: 136, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30984037

RESUMO

Objectives: The nine-item Problematic Internet Use Questionnaire (PIUQ-9) is a brief self-report screening instrument for problematic internet use. The main objective of the present study was to explore the psychometric properties of the PIUQ-9 among nine different language-based samples of European internet users (Italian, German, French, Polish, Turkish, Hungarian, English, and Greek). Methods: The total sample comprised 5,593 internet users (38.1% men), aged between 18 and 87 years (M = 25.81; SD = 8.61). Via online recruitment, participants completed the PIUQ-9, the Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI) and items about time spent online. Results: Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated that the bifactor model with one general factor (i.e., general problem) and two-specific factors (i.e., obsession and neglect + control disorder) yielded acceptable or good fit indices in all subsamples except for one. The common variance index in the bifactor model indicated that the general problem factor explained from 57.0 to 76.5% of common variance, which supports the presence of a strong global factor. According to the multiple indicators multiple causes (MIMIC) model, psychiatric symptoms had a moderate-to-strong direct effect on the general problem factor in all subsamples, ranging from ß = 0.28 to ß = 0.52 supporting the construct validity of the scale. Furthermore, in a majority of the subsamples, time spent online during the weekend had considerably higher effect sizes on the general problem factor than time spent online during weekdays. Conclusion: The present study highlights the appropriate psychometric properties of the PIUQ-9 across a number of European languages and cultures.

5.
Pap. psicol ; 39(3): 218-227, sept.-dic. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-180297

RESUMO

La violencia en la pareja constituye un problema social de gran relevancia por su elevada prevalencia y por las consecuencias para sus víctimas. En los últimos años, las tecnologías de la información y de la comunicación, como Internet y los Smartphones, se han convertido en herramientas frecuentes para ejercer comportamientos de control y agresiones en las parejas jóvenes. En esta línea, la finalidad del presente trabajo es la de realizar una revisión actualizada sobre el abuso online en parejas jóvenes. Para ello, en primer lugar, se analiza en qué consiste este fenómeno y las principales manifestaciones del abuso online en la pareja a través de Internet y los Smartphones. A continuación, se lleva a cabo una revisión de los instrumentos desarrollados para su evaluación y sus propiedades psicométricas. Finalmente, se incluyen varias recomendaciones para el desarrollo de estrategias de prevención derivadas de la evidencia empírica disponible


Partner abuse is an important social problem due to its high prevalence and the consequences it entails for the victims. In recent years, information and communication technologies, such as the Internet and Smartphones, have become frequent tools for exercising controlling behavior and aggression in young couples. The purpose of this paper is to conduct a review of the research on online abuse in young couples. To this end, firstly, we analyze what this phenomenon consists of and the main manifestations of online abuse in the couple through the Internet and Smartphones. Then, a review is carried out of the instruments developed for the assessment of online abuse and their psychometric properties. Finally, several recommendations are outlined for the development of prevention strategies derived from the available empirical evidence


Assuntos
Humanos , Conflito Familiar/psicologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Smartphone , Bullying , Perseguição/psicologia , Internet , Psicometria/métodos
6.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 21(11): 703-710, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30421997

RESUMO

Few studies have examined the protective factors that contribute to reducing long-term involvement in cyberbullying (CB). This study examined whether dispositional mindfulness is associated with the reduced stability over time (i.e., long-term involvement) of CB victimization and perpetration and with the lower reciprocity of both. This was a three-wave longitudinal study spaced 6 months apart. The sample consisted of 985 high school students from the Basque Country (Spain). The participants completed a mindfulness measure at time one and measures of CB victimization and perpetration at three time points. Dispositional mindfulness was negatively associated with both CB victimization and CB perpetration over time. The predictive association between CB victimization and perpetration was reciprocal from time two to time three. Moreover, the interaction between dispositional mindfulness and CB victimization indicated that victimization was less stable over time when mindfulness was higher. The model was invariant across gender or age. The results indicate that CB is a long-term problem and that dispositional mindfulness can be beneficial because it predicts a lower frequency of CB victimization and perpetration over time.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Cyberbullying/psicologia , Atenção Plena , Estudantes/psicologia , Fatores de Tempo , Adolescente , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino , Espanha
7.
J Adolesc Health ; 63(5): 608-614, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30170939

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To analyze the longitudinal relationships of demographic characteristics (i.e., sex, age, and sexual orientation), personality traits according to the Big Five model, and several indicators of psychological adjustment (i.e., depression symptoms, self-esteem, and problematic Internet use) with sexting behavior among adolescents over 1 year. METHOD: A total of 1,208 adolescents (638 girls; mean age = 13.57, SD = 1.09) completed measures at baseline and after 1 year of follow-up. The relationships among variables were examined using structural equation modeling. RESULTS: Out of the sample, 10.7% and 19.2% of adolescents reported producing and sending sexual content at time 1 (T1) and time 2 (T2), respectively. Higher ages at T1 predicted more engagement in sexting at T2. Less conscientiousness and more extraversion at T1 increased T2 sexting. Finally, more depressive symptoms at T1 predicted more sexting at T2. CONCLUSIONS: Sexting increases significantly over the course of adolescence. Educational efforts should pay attention to demographic and psychological characteristics of adolescents to tailor preventive programs and prevent possible negative outcomes of engaging in sexting.


Assuntos
Depressão/psicologia , Autoimagem , Comportamento Sexual , Mensagem de Texto , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino
8.
Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw ; 21(6): 355-360, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29883210

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to analyze the temporal and reciprocal relationships between depression and online child sexual victimization, including both online sexual solicitations and interactions of minors with adults. Gender differences in these relationships were also examined. A total of 1,504 adolescents (52.4 percent girls; mean age = 13.11; SD = 0.79) completed measures at T1 and at T2, 1 year apart. The relationship among variables was analyzed using structural equation modeling. The prevalence for sexual solicitation and interactions was 7.1 percent and 3.6 percent at T1 and 15.1 percent and 8.2 percent at T2, respectively. More depressive symptoms by minors at T1 predicted an increased online sexual solicitation and interaction with adults at T2. However, T1 sexual solicitation and interaction were not related to T2 depression. These results were equivalent for both girls and boys. Moreover, the findings showed considerable stability of online sexual child victimization over time. Intervention efforts (i.e., preventative actions) should consider the depressive symptomatology among adolescents. Similarly, interventions should focus on monitoring victims to reduce the likelihood that they will be victimized in the future.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância/estatística & dados numéricos , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Depressão/epidemiologia , Menores de Idade/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino
9.
Child Abuse Negl ; 81: 161-169, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29747063

RESUMO

This study examined whether exposure to family violence, both in the form of direct victimization and witnessing violence, predicted dating violence victimization in adolescents through maladaptive schemas. A sample of 933 adolescents (445 boys and 488 girls), aged between 13 and 18 (M = 15.10), participated in a three-year longitudinal study. They completed measures of exposure to family violence, maladaptive schemas of disconnection/rejection, and dating violence victimization. The findings indicate that witnessing family violence predicts the increase of dating violence victimization over time, through the mediation of maladaptive schemas in girls, but not in boys. Direct victimization in the family predicts dating violence victimization directly, without the mediation of schemas. In addition, maladaptive schemas contribute to the perpetuation of dating violence victimization over time. These findings provide new opportunities for preventive interventions, as maladaptive schemas can be modified.


Assuntos
Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Violência Doméstica/psicologia , Exposição à Violência/psicologia , Violência por Parceiro Íntimo/psicologia , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente , Bullying/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Estudos Longitudinais , Masculino
10.
Child Abuse Negl ; 80: 203-215, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29625326

RESUMO

The limited literature on online child grooming has focused mainly on studying the characteristics of perpetrators and victims that facilitate the sexual abuse of minors. Little attention has been given to the perceptions of the perpetrators about the abuse process and the strategies used to sustain it over time. In the present study, after identifying a sample of 12 men convicted of online grooming, we used qualitative grounded theory through in-depth interviews and comparisons with the proven facts of their convictions. The results show how aggressors actively study the structural environment, the needs and vulnerabilities of the minors). In this way, the aggressors adapt by using most effective strategies of persuasion at all times, so that the child feels like an active part of the plot. This allows the aggressors to have sexual interactions with minors either online or offline and in a sporadic or sustained manner. This process is maintained with some distorted perceptions about minors and the abuse process, which seem to feed back to the beginning of the cycle with other potential victims. The interaction between the persuasive processes and the distorted perceptions of the aggressor leads to a potential work focus for treatment as well as detection and prevention. Trying to visualize the complexity of the phenomenon could also help researchers to understand processes from this approach that may be applied with other types of vulnerable populations.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância/estatística & dados numéricos , Internet/estatística & dados numéricos , Adulto , Criança , Maus-Tratos Infantis/estatística & dados numéricos , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Tráfico de Pessoas/estatística & dados numéricos , Humanos , Masculino , Menores de Idade , Comunicação Persuasiva , Comportamento Sexual , Populações Vulneráveis/estatística & dados numéricos
11.
Violence Vict ; 33(2): 203-217, 2018 04 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29609672

RESUMO

The main objective of this study was to validate the child-to-parent aggression questionnaire (CPAQ) in a clinical sample of adolescents who aggress against their parents. The second aim was to analyze the child-to-parent violence (CPV) prevalence and gender and age differences among these adolescents. The third aim was to analyze the frequency of CPV against mothers and fathers. The CPAQ was completed by 169 adolescents (49 girls) with a mean age of 16.26 years (SD = 1.56) who had committed CPV. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated a good model fit for four related factors (physical-aggression against mother, physical-aggression against father, psychological-aggression against mother, psychological-aggression against father). Hierarchical models indicated that these factors could be accounted for by broader dimensions of psychological versus physical aggression, and aggression against mother versus father.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Agressão/psicologia , Comportamento Infantil , Violência Doméstica , Relações Pais-Filho , Abuso Físico , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Coerção , Violência Doméstica/estatística & dados numéricos , Emoções , Análise Fatorial , Pai , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Mães , Pais , Abuso Físico/estatística & dados numéricos , Prevalência , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Fatores Sexuais , Adulto Jovem
12.
An. psicol ; 34(1): 108-116, ene. 2018. graf, tab
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS | ID: ibc-169885

RESUMO

Child-to-parent aggression (CPA) is a social problem that is receiving much attention because of the increasing frequency and the consequences for its victims. The primary aim of this study was to assess the longitudinal relationship between receiving corporal punishment (CP) and perpetrating physical and psychological CPA in adolescents. The second aim was to investigate whether receiving CP in a positive parenting context, age and sex of the adolescent, moderated the relationship between CP and CPA. A total of 896 adolescents (527 girls) between the ages of 13 and 19 (M = 14.88; SD = 1.021), completed measures of CPA, CP and positive parenting at Time 1 and six months later. The results showed that CP at Time 1 predicted an increased psychological CPA at Time 2. None of the variables (positive parenting, age and sex) moderated the relationship between CP at T1 and CPA at T2. These results suggest that CP is related to CPA regardless of the context in which it is used, the age or sex of the child (AU)


La Violencia Filio-parental (VFP) es un problema social que está recibiendo gran atención, debido al aumento de su frecuencia y a las consecuencias para sus víctimas. El principal objetivo del estudio fue evaluar las relaciones longitudinales entre recibir castigo físico (CF) y perpetrar VFP física y psicológica en adolescentes. Un segundo objetivo fue estudiar si la relación entre el CF y la VFP es moderada por el contexto parental en el que el CF es usado, la edad o el género del adolescente. Un total de 896 adolescentes (527 chicas) con edades comprendidas entre 13 y 19 (M= 14.88; DT= 1.021) completaron instrumentos de VFP, CF y contexto parental positivo en el Tiempo1 y seis meses después. Los resultados de los análisis mostraron que el CF en el Tiempo1 predijo la perpetración de VFP psicológica en el Tiempo2. Ninguna variable (contexto parental positivo, edad, sexo) moderó la relación entre el CF y la VFP. A su vez, la VFP psicológica en el Tiempo1 predijo un incremento de la VFP física en el Tiempo2. Estos resultados sugieren que, el CF está relacionado con la VFP con independencia del contexto en el que es usado, la edad o el sexo del menor (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto Jovem , Punição/psicologia , Relações Pais-Filho , Relações Mãe-Filho/psicologia , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Psicologia do Adolescente/métodos , Poder Familiar/psicologia
13.
J Sex Res ; 55(7): 939-950, 2018 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29095040

RESUMO

The research on online child sexual victimization has mainly focused on the sexual solicitation of minors (i.e., sexual requests by an adult), with scarce information available on sexual interactions (e.g., cybersex or meeting in person) in which a minor is exploited by an adult. In the present study, we analyzed the prevalence and risk factors associated with both sexual solicitations and interactions of minors with adults. The sample included 2,731 minors between 12 and 15 years old (50.6% female). The minors completed several self-report questionnaires about sexual solicitations and interactions with adults, including possible risk factors (e.g., sociodemographic variables, Internet use, and psychological adjustment). Of the participants, 15.6% of girls and 9.3% of boys reported sexual solicitations, and 8.2% of girls and 7.4% of boys reported sexualized interactions with adults. Among the variables studied, several appeared related to both sexual solicitations and interactions: older age, having been involved in sexting, being a victim of cyberbullying, having unknown people in friends list, using chat, time spent online on a weekday, and depression symptoms. Gender (being female), using video chat, and instant messaging by computer were significant variables for sexual solicitation but not for sexual interaction; participation in online games was significant only for sexual interactions. Finally, minors reporting sexual interactions presented a higher risk profile than those reporting only sexual solicitations. These findings highlight the relevance of distinguishing between sexual solicitations and sexual interactions and suggest important avenues for prevention programs.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância/estatística & dados numéricos , Internet , Relações Interpessoais , Redes Sociais Online , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Adolescente , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Prevalência , Fatores de Risco
14.
J Adolesc ; 63: 11-18, 2018 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29247831

RESUMO

Online sexual grooming and exploitation of adolescents is receiving increasing social attention. Drawing on a social influence framework, the aim of this study was to test a model of the direct and mediated relationships between an adult's use of persuasion strategies and online sexual grooming of early adolescents. The initial sample of the study consisted of 2731 early Spanish adolescents between 12 and 15 years old (50.6% female). Of these, 196 adolescents (7.17% of the total; 53% girls) were involved in online grooming (mean age = 14.93, SD = 0.90). Persuasion strategies by the adult through internet increased the probability of using deceit, bribery, and the minor's nonsexual involvement. In addition, deceit and bribery were associated with higher rates of sexual solicitation, which in turn increased abusive sexual interactions. Understanding strategies used by adults to groom minors contributes to the prevention of and intervention in this crucial societal problem.


Assuntos
Internet , Comunicação Persuasiva , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia , Abuso Sexual na Infância/estatística & dados numéricos , Vítimas de Crime , Estudos Transversais , Decepção , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Delitos Sexuais/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Sexual/estatística & dados numéricos , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
15.
J Youth Adolesc ; 47(3): 650-660, 2018 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28434091

RESUMO

Bullying victimization in adolescence is a significant social problem that can become persistent over time for some victims. However, there is an overall paucity of research examining the factors that contribute to continued bullying victimization. Schema therapy proposes a model that can help us understand why bullying victimization can be persistent for some victims. This study examines the role of maladaptive schemas, the key concept in schema therapy, as a mechanism of continued bullying victimization. The hypothesis was that maladaptive schemas of rejection mediate the predictive association between victimization in both the family and at school and future bullying victimization. Social anxiety was also considered, as previous research suggests that it can increase the risk of victimization. The participants were 1328 adolescents (45% female) with a mean age of 15.05 years (SD = 1.37), who completed questionnaires at three time points with a 6-month interval between them. Time 2 maladaptive schemas of rejection significantly mediated the predictive association from Time 1 bullying victimization, family abuse and social anxiety to Time 3 bullying victimization. The findings pertaining to potentially malleable factors, such as maladaptive schemas that maintain continued interpersonal victimization, have important implications for prevention and treatment strategies with adolescents.


Assuntos
Bullying/estatística & dados numéricos , Vítimas de Crime/psicologia , Grupo Associado , Psicologia do Adolescente , Adolescente , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Ansiedade/psicologia , Vítimas de Crime/estatística & dados numéricos , Depressão/psicologia , Medo , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Fatores de Risco , Inquéritos e Questionários
16.
Arch Suicide Res ; 22(1): 153-164, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28287925

RESUMO

The main objective of this study was to analyze the direct and indirect relationships among sexting, cybervictimization, depression, and suicidal ideation. The sample consisted of 303 university students from Mexico (mean age = 19.73, SD = 1.73) who completed a questionnaire about the variables of interest. The relationships among the variables were analyzed using structural equation modeling. The results show that sexting was associated with being the victim of cyberbullying, which, in turn, was related to depressive symptoms. In addition, sexting, cybervictimization, and depressive symptoms were significantly associated with suicidal ideation. These results contribute to a better understanding of the relationship between online risk behaviors, such as sexting, and their possible negative consequences, such as cybervictimization, depression, and suicidal ideation.


Assuntos
Cyberbullying , Depressão , Ideação Suicida , Adolescente , Correlação de Dados , Cyberbullying/prevenção & controle , Cyberbullying/psicologia , Cyberbullying/estatística & dados numéricos , Depressão/etiologia , Depressão/prevenção & controle , Depressão/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , México , Assunção de Riscos , Estudantes/psicologia , Tentativa de Suicídio/prevenção & controle , Tentativa de Suicídio/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Universidades , Adulto Jovem
17.
Sex Abuse ; 30(8): 975-991, 2018 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28821214

RESUMO

The objective of this study was to develop a questionnaire to assess the online sexual solicitation and interactions of minors with adults in order to document the extent of this problem. The questionnaire was constructed in four phases: (a) a review of the previous literature; (b) interviews with convicted online child-sex offenders; (c) a review of the questionnaire items by experts; and (d) a pilot study of the questionnaire administered to adolescents. The validation sample consisted of 2,731 minors (12-15 years old, 50.6% girls). Exploratory factor analysis revealed a two-factor structure. The first factor, called "sexual solicitation," included items referring to sexual requests from an adult to a minor. The second factor, termed "sexualized interactions," included items indicating an adult groomed a minor with the purpose of committing a sexual offense. Of participants, 12.6% reported sexual solicitations, and 7.9% reported sexualized interactions. These findings open possible directions for research on the characteristics and consequences of online sexual solicitation and abusive interactions.


Assuntos
Abuso Sexual na Infância , Internet , Relações Interpessoais , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Projetos Piloto , Psicometria , Comportamento Sexual
18.
Psicol. conduct ; 26(2): 243-262, 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-176015

RESUMO

El engaño pederasta por Internet (online grooming) es el proceso por el cual un adulto consigue victimizar sexualmente a un menor valiéndose de los medios que ofrece Internet. El objetivo de este estudio fue analizar la prevalencia de las estrategias de persuasión e influencia utilizadas por adultos para manipular e involucrar a menores en el engaño pederasta por Internet, así como las diferencias atendiendo al sexo. Inicialmente, 2731 adolescentes de entre 12 y 15 años (50,6% chicas) completaron un cuestionario sobre solicitudes e interacciones sexuales con adultos y otro sobre persuasión basado en los principios de influencia de Cialdini (2001). 408 Menores (14,9%) se vieron implicados en el engaño pederasta durante el último año (61,3% mujeres; edad media= 14,23; DT= 0,92). Se encontró una utilización altamente frecuente de los principios de influencia, siendo el más experimentado el principio de simpatía (hasta un 50,9%). Las chicas experimentaron más frecuentemente todos los principios excepto el de autoridad, en el que no hubo diferencias. Estos hallazgos proporcionan información útil para entender y prevenir la victimización sexual de los menores en Internet


Online grooming is the process by which an adult sexually victimizes a minor using the means offered by the Internet. The objective of this study was to analyze the prevalence of persuasion and influence strategies used by aggressors to manipulate and involve minors in online grooming, as well as gender differences. The initial sample consisted of 2731 adolescents between 12 and 15 years of age (50.6% girls) who completed a questionnaire on sexual solicitations and interactions with adults and another on persuasion based on the principles of influence of Cialdini (2001). 408 Minors (14.9%) were involved in grooming during the previous year (61.3% girls, mean age= 14.23, DT= 0.92). It was found a highly frequent use of the principles of influence, being the principle of sympathy the most experienced (up to 50.9%). Girls experienced more frequently all the principles of influence except the principle of authority, in which there were no gender differences. These findings provide useful information for understanding and preventing sexual victimization of minors on the Internet


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Comunicação Persuasiva , Internet , Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia , Comportamento Sexual , Assédio Sexual/psicologia , Pedofilia/psicologia , Sugestão , Comportamento do Adolescente/psicologia , Psicologia do Adolescente
19.
Interv. psicosoc. (Internet) ; 26(3): 139-146, dic. 2017. graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS | ID: ibc-169589

RESUMO

El grooming online (proceso en el cual un adulto se gana la confianza de un menor con el objetivo de obtener algún tipo de contacto sexual) es un problema social serio. Actualmente se sabe poco sobre las estrategias específicas que los adultos usan para manipular y persuadir a los menores con el fin de lograr interacciones sexuales con ellos. En este estudio con metodología cualitativa se realizaron entrevistas en profundidad a 12 hombres condenados por grooming online(edades entre 21 y 51 años; M=38, DT=10.32). También se comparó la información obtenida con el análisis de los hechos probados de sus condenas. Los resultados mostraron que las principales estrategias de manipulación utilizadas por los agresores fueron el engaño, la corrupción (p. ej., ofrecer dinero o regalos a los menores a cambio de sexo), la implicación emocional del menor y la agresión. Estas estrategias tratan de involucrar o coaccionar activamente al menor en el proceso abusivo para evitar la revelación. Los programas de prevención podrían beneficiarse enormemente de incorporar los hallazgos empíricos sobre las tácticas y estrategias que los agresores utilizan para manipular y explotar sexualmente a los menores (AU)


Online grooming (a process in which an adult gains the trust of a child with a view to making sexual contact of some type) is a serious social problem. Little is currently known about the specific strategies used by adults to manipulate and persuade children to engage in sexual interaction with them. For this study using qualitative methodology we undertook in-depth interviews with 12 men convicted for online grooming (aged between 21 and 51 years; M=38, SD=10.32). The information obtained was compared with an analysis of the proven facts of their convictions. The results show that the principal manipulation strategies used by offenders are deception, corruption (e.g. offering money or gifts to children in return for sex), emotionally engaging the child, and aggression. These strategies attempt to actively involve or coerce the child in the abusive process to prevent disclosure. Prevention programmes could benefit enormously by incorporating empirical findings about the tactics and strategies used by offenders to manipulate and sexually exploit children (AU)


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Adulto , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Comunicação Persuasiva , Maus-Tratos Infantis/psicologia , Prisões/estatística & dados numéricos , Delitos Sexuais/psicologia , Abuso Sexual na Infância/psicologia , Delitos Sexuais/prevenção & controle , Análise Qualitativa/métodos , Abuso Sexual na Infância/prevenção & controle , Abuso Sexual na Infância/estatística & dados numéricos , Comportamento Sexual/psicologia
20.
J Adolesc ; 61: 113-116, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29035810

RESUMO

Few studies have examined differences in emotional problems and personality of traditional bullies and cyberbullies. The present study aimed to determine whether those engaged in cyberbullying differ in emotional problems, and personality from those engage in traditional bullying perpetration. An Argentinean sample of 898 high school students was recruited (56% female; mean age = 15.2 SD = 1.6). Adolescents completed measures of traditional bullying, cyberbullying, self-esteem, anxiety, depression, and personality. A 6% were traditional bullies; 8%, cyberbullies; and 4% were involved in both forms; the remainders were non involved. Results indicated that cyberbullies showed less depression and anxiety than traditional bullies. Also, cyberbullies scored low in neuroticism and high in agreeableness compared to traditional bullies. The results suggest that cyberbullies are characterized by an emotional and personality profile different from traditional bullies. In the discussion we analyze the implications of these results.


Assuntos
Bullying , Maquiavelismo , Personalidade , Estudantes/psicologia , Adolescente , Agressão/psicologia , Ansiedade/epidemiologia , Argentina , Depressão/epidemiologia , Feminino , Humanos , Internet , Masculino , Autoimagem , Autorrelato , Distribuição por Sexo
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA