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1.
An. psicol ; 36(3): 533-542, oct. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET6-898

RESUMO

La personalidad se ve integrada por una serie de atributos individuales caracterizados por cómo uno piensa, siente o actúa, influyendo en ella tanto factores endógenos, como exógenos. En este sentido, la personalidad presenta una influencia sobre diversos constructos, como la percepción sobre la creatividad en el trabajo y el engagement. Este trabajo tiene como objetivo analizar el efecto de la personalidad y la percepción sobre la creatividad en el trabajo sobre el engagement en enfermería. Se evaluó una muestra de 1268 profesionales de enfermería, entre los 22 y 63 años. Para la recogida de datos se aplicaron diferentes instrumentos como el Big Five Inventory (BFI-10), la escala Creative Environment Perceptions (CEP), y la Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES). Los datos obtenidos sugieren que el Neuroticismo se relaciona negativamente con la percepción de la creatividad y con el engagement, al igual que el factor Bloqueos a la creatividad no se vio relacionado con el engagement. Así, el personal de enfermería más creativo y comprometido con su trabajo presenta mayor estabilidad, menores niveles de ansiedad y tensión, así como menor número de dificultades ante las dificultades de la organización, mostrándose más entusiasmado y alegre y, consigo, siendo más competente y creativo ante la organización institucional de la que forma parte


Personality is made up of a set of individual attributes, which in interaction with both endogenous and exogenous factors, characterize how one thinks, feels and acts. From this perspective, in the work context, personality can be related with the perception of creativity and with engagement acquired on the job. The purpose of this study was to analyze the involvement of personality and perception of creativity on the job in engagement of nursing professionals. The sample evaluated was made up of 1268 nurses aged 22 to 63, of whom 85.3% were women and 14.7% men, with a mean age of 32.24 years (SD = 6.68) and 32.79 years (SD = 6.27), respectively. The instruments used to collect the data were the Big Five Inventory (BFI-10), the Creative Environment Perceptions Scale (CEP) and the Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES). The mediation model confirmed that perception of creativity in the work context exerted a mediating role in the relationship between personality and engagement. In particular, the data confirmed that having a personality profile with high scores in all the personality dimensions except neuroticism, in addition to providing adequate characteristics for the job, favors creativity, which in turn, has a positive repercussion on engagement. This study presents important implications for professional practice, emphasizing the strong relationship between engagement and perception of creativity, a relationship which points toward improved engagement of nurses with their work, improving emotional stability and reinforcing the enthusiasm and inspiration for being more creative and competent with the institutional organization they are part of

3.
Psicothema (Oviedo) ; 32(3): 444-451, ago. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-FGT-5063

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: There are a large number of studies in the literature on burnout and its negative consequences for health and psychological wellbeing. Use of the burnout index in the academic context has increased to the point of identifying even the adolescent population. Nevertheless, at the present time there is no validated instrument for evaluating this syndrome in Spanish high school students. In view of this, our study attempted to evaluate the factor structure and reliability of the Spanish version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS) in a sample of high school adolescents. METHOD: The sample included 1,209 students in the autonomous region of Andalusia (Spain), of whom 47.1% were boys and 52.9% girls, with a mean age of M=15.07, SD=1.174). RESULTS: The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported a model with 12 items showing good fit, distributed across three factors: emotional exhaustion, cynicism and academic efficacy. CONCLUSIONS: These results demonstrate that the proposed instrument has an excellent factor structure and internal consistency, and is useful for evaluating academic burnout in the adolescent Spanish high school population


ANTECEDENTES: la literatura científica recoge una gran cantidad de estudios sobre el fenómeno del burnout y sus consecuencias negativas para la salud y el bienestar psicológico. El índice de burnout en el contexto académico ha aumentado, llegando incluso a identificarse en población adolescente. No obstante, actualmente no existe un instrumento validado para evaluar este síndrome en estudiantes españoles de educación secundaria. En base a lo anterior, el presente estudio pretende evaluar la estructura factorial y la fiabilidad de la versión española del Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey (MBI-SS) en una muestra de adolescentes de educación secundaria. MÉTODO: la muestra ascendió un total de 1.209 estudiantes de la comunidad autónoma de Andalucía (España) (47,1% hombres, 52,9% mujeres; edad M = 15.07 años, DT = 1.174). RESULTADOS: el análisis factorial exploratorio y confirmatorio apoyó el modelo con 12 ítems que presentó mejores niveles de ajuste, distribuidos en tres factores: agotamiento emocional, cinismo y eficacia académica. CONCLUSIONES: estos resultados reflejan que el instrumento propuesto posee una óptima estructura factorial y consistencia interna, siendo útil para evaluar el burnout académico en población española adolescente de educación secundaria

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32759711

RESUMO

Emotional and cognitive-behavioral factors influence people's adaptability to change. Based on this premise, the objective of this study was to develop, evaluate and validate the Adaptation to Change Questionnaire (ADAPTA-10) for identifying those who show poor adaptability to adverse situations, such as those caused by COVID-19. This study was carried out in a sample of 1160 adults and produced a 10-item instrument with good reliability and validity indices. It is an effective tool useful in research and in clinical practice. Calculation tables are provided for the general Spanish population and by sex to evaluate adaptability to change. The two-dimensional structure proposed in the original model was confirmed. This instrument will enable the needs for adaptation to the new reality associated with COVID-19 to be detected and also other situations in which the subject becomes immersed which demand adaptation strategies in the new situation lived in.


Assuntos
Adaptação Psicológica , Betacoronavirus/isolamento & purificação , Infecções por Coronavirus/epidemiologia , Pneumonia Viral/epidemiologia , Adulto , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/virologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Pneumonia Viral/virologia , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Inquéritos e Questionários
5.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0235305, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-613719

RESUMO

AIMS: The objective of this study was therefore to analyze the effect of exceptionally stressful situations, such as the current health risk, on the cognitive and emotive state of the individual, that is, perceived threat and emotional state on affect and mood. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study with snowball sampling. The sample came to 1014 Spanish adults (67.2% women and 32.8% men). The Perception of Threat from COVID-19 questionnaire, the Affective Balance Scale and the Mood Evaluation Scale were used. RESULTS: The results showed that the perception of threat from COVID-19 was related positively to negative affect and emotional signs, that is, sadness-depression, anxiety and anger-hostility. There was a direct positive effect of perceived threat from COVID-19 on sadness-depression, anxiety and anger-hostility moods, while anxiety and anger-hostility had a direct positive effect on perception of threat from the virus. Thus, there was a circular relationship, in which perceived threat influenced the presence of negative mood, and negative mood, in turn, linked to emotions of irritation and agitation from a present situation, promoted the feeling of threat. CONCLUSIONS: A negative affective balance increases both one's perception of threat from COVID-19 and negative mood. Thus, knowing the emotional and cognitive effects on the population would enable measures to be put into service to facilitate their effective coping.

7.
PLoS One ; 15(6): e0235305, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584897

RESUMO

AIMS: The objective of this study was therefore to analyze the effect of exceptionally stressful situations, such as the current health risk, on the cognitive and emotive state of the individual, that is, perceived threat and emotional state on affect and mood. METHOD: This was a cross-sectional study with snowball sampling. The sample came to 1014 Spanish adults (67.2% women and 32.8% men). The Perception of Threat from COVID-19 questionnaire, the Affective Balance Scale and the Mood Evaluation Scale were used. RESULTS: The results showed that the perception of threat from COVID-19 was related positively to negative affect and emotional signs, that is, sadness-depression, anxiety and anger-hostility. There was a direct positive effect of perceived threat from COVID-19 on sadness-depression, anxiety and anger-hostility moods, while anxiety and anger-hostility had a direct positive effect on perception of threat from the virus. Thus, there was a circular relationship, in which perceived threat influenced the presence of negative mood, and negative mood, in turn, linked to emotions of irritation and agitation from a present situation, promoted the feeling of threat. CONCLUSIONS: A negative affective balance increases both one's perception of threat from COVID-19 and negative mood. Thus, knowing the emotional and cognitive effects on the population would enable measures to be put into service to facilitate their effective coping.


Assuntos
Afeto , Infecções por Coronavirus/psicologia , Emoções , Pneumonia Viral/psicologia , Quarentena/psicologia , Adaptação Psicológica , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Ira , Ansiedade/psicologia , Betacoronavirus , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Hostilidade , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Espanha/epidemiologia , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
9.
J Clin Med ; 9(4)2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: covidwho-101964

RESUMO

The ravages caused by the disease known as COVID-19 has led to a worldwide healthcare and social emergency requiring an effective combined effort from everyone to reduce contagion. Under these circumstances, the perception of the disease is going to have a relevant role in the individual's psychological adjustment. However, at the present time there is no validated instrument for evaluating adult perception of threat from COVID-19. Considering the importance of perception or representation of the disease in a state of social alert, our study intended to validate an instrument measuring the psychological process of the disease caused by the coronavirus (COVID-19). In view of the above, this study evaluated the factor structure and reliability of the version of the Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ) for COVID-19 in a sample of adults. The sample consisted of 1014 Spanish adults (67.2% women and 32.8% men). The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported a unidimensional model of the scale, which was the one that showed the best fit and explained 43.87% of the variance. This brief version has adequate psychometric properties and may be used to evaluate the perception of threat from COVID-19 in an adult Spanish population. The validation of this instrument contributes to progress in representation of COVID-19 in our culture.

10.
J Clin Med ; 9(4)2020 Apr 22.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32331246

RESUMO

The ravages caused by the disease known as COVID-19 has led to a worldwide healthcare and social emergency requiring an effective combined effort from everyone to reduce contagion. Under these circumstances, the perception of the disease is going to have a relevant role in the individual's psychological adjustment. However, at the present time there is no validated instrument for evaluating adult perception of threat from COVID-19. Considering the importance of perception or representation of the disease in a state of social alert, our study intended to validate an instrument measuring the psychological process of the disease caused by the coronavirus (COVID-19). In view of the above, this study evaluated the factor structure and reliability of the version of the Illness Perception Questionnaire (IPQ) for COVID-19 in a sample of adults. The sample consisted of 1014 Spanish adults (67.2% women and 32.8% men). The exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses supported a unidimensional model of the scale, which was the one that showed the best fit and explained 43.87% of the variance. This brief version has adequate psychometric properties and may be used to evaluate the perception of threat from COVID-19 in an adult Spanish population. The validation of this instrument contributes to progress in representation of COVID-19 in our culture.

11.
BMJ Open ; 10(3): e034143, 2020 03 08.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32152167

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Violence against nursing personnel in their place of work is a severe problem generating important consequences for these workers. Even though there is a large body of research on the subject, the emotional impact of aggression against healthcare workers continues to be debated. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this quantitative, observational cross-sectional study was to analyse the effects of aggression against nursing personnel and the mediating role of anxiety in somaticising physical symptoms. METHOD: The sample was made up of 1357 nursing professionals who answered questionnaires evaluating their sensitivity to anxiety and the presence of somatic symptoms. RESULTS: Of the professionals who indicated that they had been the victims of aggression by family members or patients in the previous year, 52.8% said it had happened to them on one occasion, 25.2% had experienced two episodes, while 6.9% and 15.1% said they had undergone three or more aggressions, respectively. Although 89.3% of the professionals affected by acts of indicated that they had not undergone physical or psychological consequences, there was a higher prevalence of somatic alteration among workers who had been victims of violence in the workplace. Furthermore, aggression at work had a direct effect on physical somatisation, which in turn acted as a mediator in the level of anxiety of nursing professionals. Thus, aggression increased the level of anxiety of nurses through the appearance of somatic symptoms. CONCLUSIONS: The results are discussed based on some of the consequences that appeared after episodes of aggression in the healthcare sector and their relationship.

12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32197475

RESUMO

Adolescence is a stage when individuals are especially vulnerable to the influence of their peer group, which could lead to the development of problematic behavior, such as drinking alcohol, due to perceived pressure. The objective of this study was to analyze the role of self-esteem, impulsivity, anxiety sensitivity and expectations for use under perceived pressure to drink alcohol among young people. METHODS: The sample was made up of 1287 high school students aged 14 to 18, with a mean age of 15.11. The Bayes factor and mediation models were estimated to evaluate the data. RESULTS: The results showed the existence of a positive relationship of impulsivity, anxiety sensitivity and expectations for use with perceived pressure. However, this relationship was negative with self-esteem and perception of pressure to drink alcohol. Furthermore, the model results showed that self-esteem mediates the relationship between physical, cognitive and social anxiety sensitivity and positive expectations with perceived pressure to drink alcohol in adolescence. CONCLUSIONS: Given the strong need for affiliation during youth, it is hard to control grouping and peer influence on drinking behavior. However, knowledge of the role of individual variables, such as those described here, in perceived pressure could improve the prevention and intervention of such behaviors.


Assuntos
Comportamento do Adolescente , Comportamento Impulsivo , Grupo Associado , Consumo de Álcool por Menores , Adolescente , Consumo de Bebidas Alcoólicas , Teorema de Bayes , Humanos
13.
BMC Public Health ; 20(1): 16, 2020 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31910847

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The work of health professionals is characterized by a high demand for psychological and emotional resources and high levels of stress. Therefore, the promotion of commitment and job well-being through strategies such as increased mindfulness, is important among nursing workers. Although mindfulness has shown positive effects in the health field, few studies have explored the mechanisms and processes underlying these results. We investigated the mediating role of empathy (cognitive/affective) in the effect of mindfulness on the dimensions of engagement in nursing professionals. METHODS: Sample was comprised of 1268 Spanish nurses between 22 and 62 years old, that completed the Utrecht Labor Engagement Scale and the adapted versions of Mindful Attention Awareness Scale and Basic Empathy Scale. The relationship between variables to be included in the regression analyses, bivariate correlations were carried out, and the descriptive statistics of these variables were also found. To estimate the mediation model was used, in this case for multiple mediation effects. RESULTS: Mindfulness is found to affect the Vigor and Dedication factors of engagement through cognitive empathy. While for the Absorption factor, the affective component of empathy also exerts a mediating role, although weaker than cognitive empathy. Cognitive empathy, as an individual factor, was shown to have a mediating effect between mindfulness and the factors of engagement in healthcare workers. CONCLUSIONS: The level of mindfulness influences engagement of nursing professionals positively, and this result is mediated mainly by cognitive empathy. Both mindfulness and empathy are modifiable individual factors, so their intervention by designing and implementing specific programs, can increase the commitment and wellbeing of professionals generating benefits to workers and to their patients.


Assuntos
Cognição , Empatia , Atenção Plena , Relações Enfermeiro-Paciente , Cuidados de Enfermagem/psicologia , Recursos Humanos de Enfermagem/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espanha , Adulto Jovem
14.
Front Psychol ; 10: 2487, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31787913

RESUMO

Introduction: Today's adolescents live immersed in the digital world and are much more familiarized with the use of electronic devices. At the same time, the new technologies have become established as a powerful resource in teaching and learning, providing new texts where the limits of time and space are overcome. Digital creativity is part of people's daily lives and must be developed from the school and family context. Objective: The objective of this study was to analyze the relationship among digital creativity, parenting style, and academic performance. Method: This analysis was carried out in a sample of 742 adolescents in Middle School and High School aged 13-19. Digital creativity was evaluated using the Creative Behavior Questionnaire: Digital (CBQD). The Parenting Style Scale was used to evaluate the perception teenage boys and girls who have the various dimensions of their parents' educational style. Results: Parenting styles were established as a mediating variable in the relationship between digital creativity and academic performance. Conclusion: The roles of digital creativity, which is proposed as a facilitating tool in teaching, and parenting styles in academic performance for improving the family-school relationship are discussed.

15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31731778

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Although self-expressive creativity is related to cyberbullying, it can also reinforce strengths that contribute to positive adolescent development. Our study concentrated on the relationships between personality traits and self-expressive creativity in the digital domain in an adolescent population. For this, we analyzed the effect of self-esteem and emotional intelligence as assets for positive development related to personality traits and self-expressive creativity. METHODS: The study population included a total of 742 adolescents that were high-school students in the province of Almería, Spain. The following instruments were used: Big Five Inventory (BFI) to evaluate the five broad personality factors, Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSE), Expression, Management, and Emotion Recognition Evaluation Scale (TMMS-24), and the Creative Behavior Questionnaire: Digital (CBQD). RESULTS: The cluster analysis revealed the existence of two profiles of adolescents based on their personality traits. The analysis showed that the group with the highest levels of extraversion and openness to experience and lowest levels of neuroticism were those who showed the highest scores in self-esteem, clarity, and emotional repair, as well as in self-expressive creativity. Higher scores in neuroticism and lower scores in extraversion and openness to experience showed a direct negative effect on self-expressive creativity and indirect effect through self-esteem and emotional attention, which acted as mediators in series. CONCLUSIONS: To counteract certain characteristics that increase adolescents' vulnerability to social network bullying, a plan must be developed for adequate positive use of the Internet from a creative model that enables digital self-expression for acquiring identity and self-efficacy through the positive influence of peers, which promotes feelings of empowerment and self-affirmation through constructive tasks that reinforce self-esteem and emotional intelligence.


Assuntos
Criatividade , Emoções , Personalidade , Autoimagem , Mídias Sociais , Adolescente , Bullying/psicologia , Inteligência Emocional , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Neuroticismo , Autoeficácia , Espanha , Estudantes/psicologia
16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31635037

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The approach and use of the term "humanization" is very much present in healthcare. However, instruments for measuring the concept of the humanization of care are yet to be designed and developed. OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to evaluate and validate the Healthcare Professional Humanization Scale (HUMAS) for nursing professionals. METHOD: The sample was made up of 338 adults, who were nurses working at health centers and hospitals, and aged between 22 and 56. RESULTS: The results of the analyses confirm that the Healthcare Professional Humanization Scale (HUMAS) has an adequate construct validity and reliability, and defines the humanization of care as a multidimensional construct, made up of five factors: Affection, Self-efficacy, Emotional understanding, Optimistic disposition and Sociability. CONCLUSIONS: The new HUMAS scale may be an easily administered and coded instrument for approaching the humanization of care, not only in research, but also in practice.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Inteligência Emocional , Feminino , Humanos , Relações Interpessoais , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Otimismo , Psicometria , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Autoeficácia
17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31614622

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Sleep quality is related to health and quality of life and can lead to the development of related disorders. This study analyzed the sociodemographic and psychological factors related to sleep quality in nurses. METHODS: The sample comprised 1094 nurses who were assessed according to the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index, the Rosenberg Self-esteem Questionnaire, the Goal Content for Exercise Questionnaire, the Brief Emotional Intelligence Inventory, and the Three-Factor Eating Questionnaire-R18. RESULTS: The results confirm the impacts of diet, motivation for physical exercise, emotional intelligence, and overall self-esteem on sleep quality in nurses. CONCLUSIONS: Sleep quality in healthcare professionals is vitally important for performance at work; therefore, appropriate strategies should be applied to improve it.


Assuntos
Enfermeiras e Enfermeiros/psicologia , Sono , Adulto , Dieta , Inteligência Emocional , Exercício Físico/psicologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Motivação , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Autoimagem , Inquéritos e Questionários , Adulto Jovem
18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31652560

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Studies have shown significant associations between parenting practices, life satisfaction, and self-esteem, and the role of parenting practices in adolescent adjustment, emphasizing its influence on wellbeing. OBJECTIVES: To analyze the relationships between parenting practices, self-esteem, and life satisfaction, and test the mediating effect of self-esteem on the relationship between the different parenting practices and life satisfaction of adolescents. METHOD: The sample came to a total of 742 adolescents, with an average age of 15.63 (SD = 1.24; range 13-19). The Parenting Style Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale, and the Satisfaction with Life Scale were used. RESULTS: Perception by adolescents of high levels of affect and communication, self-disclosure, and a sense of humor related to their parents, as well as low levels of psychological control, explained the life satisfaction of the adolescents. Self-esteem exerted a partial mediating effect on the relationship between parenting practices and satisfaction with the life of the adolescent. Finally, self-esteem also appeared to be a moderator variable, specifically in the effect of self-disclosure on the life satisfaction of the adolescent. CONCLUSIONS: The results reinforce the role of personal variables, especially self-esteem, in parent-child interaction and in the improved subjective wellbeing of the adolescent.


Assuntos
Poder Familiar/psicologia , Satisfação Pessoal , Autoimagem , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Relações Pais-Filho
19.
Front Psychol ; 10: 2035, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31620041

RESUMO

Empirical research on self-esteem has a special interest in nursing professionals, because they work in a challenging environment that requires, in order to continue working during their working age, a strong physical, social and emotional involvement. The objective was to determine the explanatory value of individual variables such as Self-efficacy, Empathy and Emotional Intelligence on Self-esteem in a sample of nursing professionals, to identify which variables have the most explanatory value for overall self-esteem with years of experience. The study sample consisted of a total of 1,601 Spanish nurses aged 22-60, with a mean age of 31.19 (SD = 6.59) years. The emotional intelligence factors in all cases were observed to have positive correlations with overall self-esteem. Mood was still the predictor with the most explanatory weight in all the groups. General Self-Efficacy disappeared in the model of professionals with the most experience. Organizations and management nursing should implement intervention programs that promote wellbeing and satisfaction in workers during their working age. It would be of interest to train nursing professionals in such necessary competences as Empathy, Emotional Intelligence and Self-Efficacy.

20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31547148

RESUMO

Considering that both sleep quality and duration are linked to psychological variables, this study analyzed the relationships between sleep components and emotional intelligence and the effects that sleep duration has on stress management and mood in a sample of nurses. The sample was made up of 1073 professionals. Data were collected by the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index and the Brief Emotional Intelligence Inventory for Senior Citizens. The results showed that the components of sleep quality were negatively related to stress management and mood. Furthermore, nurses who had short sleep patterns also had low moods and high stress levels. This study emphasizes the importance of subjective sleep quality as a necessary resource for professionals to manage stressful situations and mood and improve their relations with their patients and with each other.


Assuntos
Afeto , Inteligência Emocional , Pessoal de Saúde/estatística & dados numéricos , Sono , Estresse Psicológico/psicologia , Adulto , Feminino , Pessoal de Saúde/psicologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Espanha , Estresse Psicológico/terapia , Adulto Jovem
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