Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 99
Filtrar
1.
RMD Open ; 6(2)2020 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32917834

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to identify the risk factors associated with fragility fracture (FF) development in glucocorticoid (GC)-treated patients. METHODS: 127 patients (aged 62±18 years, 63% women) on GC-treatment (mean dose 14.5±14.1 mg/day and duration 47.7±69 months) were included. The clinical data collected included bone metabolism study (including gonadal axis), GC-treatment, disease activity, dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry analysis (evaluating densitometric osteoporosis (OP) and trabecular bone score (TBS) degraded microarchitecture values (DMA)), X-ray (assessing vertebral fractures (VF)), FRAX risk (GC-adjusted) and previous FF. RESULTS: 17% of the patients had VF, 28% FF (VF and/or non-VF), 29% OP and 52% DMA. Patients with VF received more GC boluses (57.1% vs 29.5%, p=0.03), were older (68±13 vs 60±19 years, p=0.02), postmenopausal (100% vs 67%, p=0.02), had low testosterone levels (57% vs 11%, p=0.02), lower TBS values (1.119±0.03 vs 1.237±0.013, p<0.001) and higher FRAX risk (17.2±16 vs 9.3±7.6, p=0.003). Patients with FF showed higher accumulated GC doses (16.6±18.4 vs 11.1±12.9 g, p=0.046). On multivariate analysis, hypogonadism (OR 12.38; 95% CI 1.85 to >100, p=0.01) and having received GC boluses (OR 3.45; 95% CI 1.04 to 12.15, p=0.01) were the main factors related to VF. Hypogonadism (OR 7.03; 95% CI 1.47 to 38.37, p=0.01) and FRAX >20 (OR 7.08; 95% CI 1.28 to 53.71, p=0.02) were factors related to FF. CONCLUSION: Hypogonadism is the principal risk factor for developing fractures in GC-treated men and women, whereas receiving GC boluses is a major factor for VF. These results indicate the importance of evaluating the gonadal axis in these patients.

2.
Clin Rheumatol ; 2020 Aug 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32840702

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Rheumatic diseases are a reason for frequent consultation with primary care doctors. Unfortunately, there is a high percentage of misdiagnosis. OBJECTIVE: To design an algorithm to be used by primary care physicians to improve the diagnostic approach of the patient with joint pain, and thus improve the diagnostic capacity in four rheumatic diseases. METHODS: Based on the information obtained from a literature review, we identified the main symptoms, signs, and paraclinical tests related to the diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis, spondyloarthritis with peripheral involvement, systemic lupus erythematosus with joint involvement, and osteoarthritis. We conducted 3 consultations with a group of expert rheumatologists, using the Delphi technique, to design a diagnostic algorithm that has as a starting point "joint pain" as a common symptom for the four diseases. RESULTS: Thirty-nine rheumatologists from 18 countries of Ibero-America participated in the Delphi exercise. In the first consultation, we presented 94 items to the experts (35 symptoms, 31 signs, and 28 paraclinical tests) candidates to be part of the algorithm; 74 items (25 symptoms, 27 signs, and 22 paraclinical tests) were chosen. In the second consultation, the decision nodes of the algorithm were chosen, and in the third, its final structure was defined. The Delphi exercise lasted 8 months; 100% of the experts participated in the three consultations. CONCLUSION: We present an algorithm designed through an international consensus of experts, in which Delphi methodology was used, to support primary care physicians in the clinical approach to patients with joint pain. Key Points • We developed an algorithm with the participation of rheumatologists from 18 countries of Ibero-America, which gives a global vision of the clinical context of the patient with joint pain. • We integrated four rheumatic diseases into one tool with one common symptom: joint pain. It is a novel tool, as it is the first algorithm that will support the primary care physician in the consideration of four different rheumatic diseases. • It will improve the correct diagnosis and reduce the number of paraclinical tests requested by primary care physicians, in the management of patients with joint pain. This point was verified in a recently published study in the journal Rheumatology International (reference number 31).

3.
Lupus ; 29(9): 1140-1145, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32605527

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to compare the clinical features, damage accrual, and survival of patients with familial and sporadic systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: A multi-ethnic, multinational Latin American SLE cohort was studied. Familial lupus was defined as patients with a first-degree SLE relative; these relatives were interviewed in person or by telephone. Clinical variables, disease activity, damage, and mortality were compared. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were estimated. Hazard ratios (HR) were calculated using Cox proportional hazard adjusted for potential confounders for time to damage and mortality. RESULTS: A total of 66 (5.6%) patients had familial lupus, and 1110 (94.4%) had sporadic lupus. Both groups were predominantly female, of comparable age, and of similar ethnic distribution. Discoid lupus (OR = 1.97; 95% CI 1.08-3.60) and neurologic disorder (OR = 1.65; 95% CI 1.00-2.73) were significantly associated with familial SLE; pericarditis was negatively associated (OR = 0.35; 95% CI 0.14-0.87). The SLE Disease Activity Index and Systemic Lupus International Collaborating Clinics/American College of Rheumatology Damage Index (SDI) were similar in both groups, although the neuropsychiatric (45.4% vs. 33.5%; p = 0.04) and musculoskeletal (6.1% vs. 1.9%; p = 0.02) domains of the SDI were more frequent in familial lupus. They were not retained in the Cox models (by domains). Familial lupus was not significantly associated with damage accrual (HR = 0.69; 95% CI 0.30-1.55) or mortality (HR = 1.23; 95% CI 0.26-4.81). CONCLUSION: Familial SLE is not characterized by a more severe form of disease than sporadic lupus. We also observed that familial SLE has a higher frequency of discoid lupus and neurologic manifestations and a lower frequency of pericarditis.

4.
Lupus ; 29(10): 1216-1226, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32631205

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The concomitant presence of two autoimmune diseases - systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) - in the same patient is known as rhupus. We evaluated a group of patients with rhupus to clarify further their clinical, serological and immunogenic features in a multi-centre cohort. In addition, the study aimed to explore the utility of the 2019 European League Against Rheumatism/American College of Rheumatology (EULAR/ACR) SLE classification criteria in our group of patients with rhupus. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study. We included rhupus patients from 11 different rheumatology departments, and compared them to SLE and RA patients at a ratio of 2:1. All information was recorded following a pre-established protocol. RESULTS: A total of 200 patients were included: 40 rhupus patients and 80 each of SLE and RA patients as controls. Disease duration was similar among SLE and rhupus groups (around 13 years), but the RA group had a significantly lower disease duration. Main clinical manifestations were articular (94.2%), cutaneous (77.5%) and haematological (72.5%). Rhupus patients had articular manifestations similar to those expected in RA. Only 10% of rhupus patients had renal involvement compared with 25% of those with SLE (p < 0.05), while interstitial lung disease was more common in patients affected by RA. The 2019 EULAR/ACR SLE criteria were met in 92.5% of the rhupus patients and in 96.3% of the SLE cohort (p > 0.05). Excluding the joint domain, there were no differences between the numbers of patients who met the classification criteria. CONCLUSION: Rhupus patients follow a particular clinical course, with full expression of both SLE and RA in terms of organ involvement, except for a lower prevalence of kidney affection. The new 2019 EULAR/ACR SLE criteria are not useful for differentiating SLE and rhupus patients. A new way of classifying autoimmune diseases is needed to identify overlapping clusters.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32653929

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To identify biomarkers of treatment change and radiographic progression in patients with RA under remission. PATIENTS AND METHODS: RA patients in remission (DAS28-ESR <2.6) were selected and followed up for 5 years. An MRI of the dominant hand and an US assessment of knees/hands and serum levels of inflammation/angiogenesis biomarkers were performed at baseline and at 12th month. Synovial biopsies were obtained in patients with Power Doppler signal. Conventional radiographies of hands/feet were taken at baseline and after 5 years. Radiographic progression was defined as the change in the modified Sharp van der Heijde Score at 5 years >10.47 (small detectable change). RESULTS: Sixty patients were included, 81.6% were ACPA+ and 45% were taking biological DMARDs. At baseline, 66.6% had Power Doppler signal. After 5 years, 73.3% of patients remained in remission. Change of therapy was performed in 20 patients (33.3%) and was associated with BMI [odds ratio (OR) 1.3, 95% CI: 1, 1.7], lack of biological DMARD therapy (OR 24.7, 95% CI: 2.3, 257.2), first-year progression of MRI erosions (OR 1.2, 95% CI: 1, 1.3) and calprotectin serum levels (OR 2.8, 95% CI: 1, 8.2). Radiographic progression occurred in six (10%) patients. These patients had higher first-year progression of MRI erosions (P = 0.03) and bone oedema (P = 0.04). Among 23 patients undergoing synovial biopsy, mast cell density was independently associated with clinical flares. CONCLUSIONS: One-third of RA patients lost clinical remission and changed therapy throughout the 5 years of follow-up, which was independently associated with BMI, lack of biological DMARDs therapy and first-year progression of MRI erosion score and calprotectin serum levels. Significant radiographic progression was uncommon.

6.
Clin Rheumatol ; 39(9): 2833-2835, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32388747

RESUMO

We present here a case of severe digital necrosis in a patient with long-standing rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The concomitant presence of two autoimmune conditions such as cryoglobulinemia and antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) were diagnosed. To best of our knowledge, this is the first case of the coexistence of RA, cryoglobulinemia, and APS in a single patient. An aggressive treatment was needed including hallux amputation, methylprednisolone pulses followed by rituximab with favorable outcome.

7.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 79(5): 587-594, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32156708

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the association between anti-carbamylated protein antibodies (Anti-CarP) and interstitial lung disease (ILD) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. METHODS: Cross-sectional study including RA patients fulfilling the 2010 ACR/EULAR criteria. The main population comprised two groups: (1) RA patients diagnosed with RA-ILD (RA-ILD group); (2) RA patients without ILD (non-ILD RA group). Non-ILD RA patients in whom ILD was suspected underwent a diagnostic work-up and, if ILD was diagnosed, were switched to the RA-ILD group. ILD was diagnosed by high-resolution computed tomography and confirmed by a multidisciplinary committee. An independent replication sample was also obtained. Three Anti-CarP IgG autoantibodies against fetal calf serum (Anti-FCS), fibrinogen (Anti-Fib) and chimeric fibrine/filagrine homocitrullinated peptide (Anti-CFFHP) and one Anti-CarP IgA against FCS (Anti-FCS-IgA) were determined by home-made ELISA. Associations between Anti-CarP and ILD were analysed using multivariable logistic regression adjusted by smoking, sex, age, RA disease duration, rheumatoid factor and anticitrullinated protein antibodies. RESULTS: We enrolled 179 patients: 37 (21%) were finally diagnosed with RA-ILD. Anti-CarP specificities were more frequent in RA-ILD patients (Anti-FCS 70% vs 43%; Anti-Fib 73% vs 51%; Anti-CFFHP 38% vs 19%; Anti-CarP-IgA 51% vs 20%, p<0.05 for all comparisons). Serum titers of Anti-CarP were significantly higher in RA-ILD patients. Anti-CarP specificities showed a robust effect towards increasing the odds of ILD in the multivariate analysis (Anti-FCS (OR: 3.42; 95% CI: 1.13 to 10.40), Anti-Fib (OR: 2.85; 95% CI: 0.83 to 9.70), Anti-CFFHP (OR: 3.11; 95% CI: 1.06 to 9.14) and Anti-FCS-IgA (OR: 4.30; 95% CI: 1.41 to 13.04)). Similar findings were observed in the replication sample. CONCLUSIONS: Anti-CarP were strongly associated with ILD. The role of homocitrullination in RA-ILD merits further investigation.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/epidemiologia , Autoanticorpos/sangue , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/epidemiologia , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/imunologia , Peptídeos Cíclicos/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Anti-Idiotípicos/sangue , Artrite Reumatoide/imunologia , Comorbidade , Intervalos de Confiança , Estudos Transversais , Ensaio de Imunoadsorção Enzimática/métodos , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Modelos Logísticos , Doenças Pulmonares Intersticiais/diagnóstico , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Análise Multivariada , Prognóstico , Valores de Referência , Medição de Risco , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Análise de Sobrevida
8.
Reumatol. clín. (Barc.) ; 16(1): 17-23, ene.-feb. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Espanhol | IBECS-Express | IBECS | ID: ibc-ET6-367

RESUMO

ANTECEDENTES Y OBJETIVO: El diagnóstico de la nefritis lúpica (NL) se suele hacer con la biopsia renal, que es una técnica invasiva que conlleva múltiples riesgos. Por lo tanto, han surgido diferentes biomarcadores en orina como posibles alternativas para el diagnóstico de la NL. Sin embargo, los estudios de biomarcadores en orina de pacientes latinoamericanos con lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) son escasos; por lo tanto, el objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar el valor diagnóstico de la transferrina (TF) y la ceruloplasmina (CP) en orina, para diferenciar los pacientes que tienen compromiso renal de aquellos que no. MATERIALES Y MÉTODOS: Se incluyeron prospectivamente pacientes con diagnóstico de LES de acuerdo a los criterios del American College of Rheumatology (ACR). Se excluyeron los pacientes con otra enfermedad autoinmune concomitante, infección activa (de vías urinarias o sistémica), terapia de reemplazo renal, infección por virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana y embarazo. A cada paciente se le tomó una muestra de orina. El diagnóstico de NL se realizó mediante los criterios ACR para la definición de NL. La actividad y la cronicidad de la NL en la biopsia renal fueron medidas con el índice de Austin. La determinación de los niveles de TF y CP se realizó con kits comerciales de ELISA. Se utilizó la prueba t de Student y la prueba U de Mann Whitney para comparar los datos. Para determinar las asociaciones entre las variables se utilizaron los coeficientes de correlación de Spearman. Por último, se construyeron curvas ROC. RESULTADOS: Se incluyeron 120 pacientes con LES, de los cuales el 85% fueron de sexo femenino. El 76% fueron de raza mestiza. Presentaron una edad media de 32,8+/-12,1años, y una media del SLEDAI de 8,4+/-8,9, y un 64% presentaron compromiso renal. Los niveles de ambos biomarcadores fueron significativamente mayores en pacientes con NL comparados con aquellos sin NL. De igual manera, los niveles de ambos biomarcadores fueron significativamente mayores en pacientes con NL activa comparados con aquellos con NL inactiva. Los niveles de TF fueron significativamente mayores en pacientes afro-latinoamericanos. Por otro lado, las concentraciones de TF se correlacionaron con el SLEDAI y el rango de proteinuria, y las concentraciones de TF y CP se correlacionaron entre sí. Las curvas ROC para ambos biomarcadores mostraron un buen valor diagnóstico de la NL. CONCLUSIONES: En nuestra cohorte de pacientes con LES encontramos que la TF y la CP son potenciales biomarcadores para el diagnóstico de la NL e, incluso, de la actividad de la NL


BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Diagnosis of lupus nephritis (LN) is usually based on renal biopsy, which is an invasive technique that involves multiple risks. Therefore, different biomarkers have emerged as alternatives for the diagnosis of LN. Nonetheless, studies regarding urinary biomarkers in Latin American patients are limited. The objective of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of urinary transferrin and ceruloplasmin to differentiate patients who have renal involvement from those who do not. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients that met the revised American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification criteria were recruited. Patients with another autoimmune disease, active infection (urinary tract or systemic infection), renal replacement therapy, human immunodeficiency virus infection or pregnancy were excluded. A urine sample was collected from each patient. LN was diagnosed according to ACR criteria. The activity and chronicity of LN were measured using the Austin indices. Urinary transferrin and ceruloplasmin levels were measured using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. Mann-Whitney U test and Student's t-test were used to compare data. Spearman's rank correlation was used to determine associations. Lastly, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were created. RESULTS: The study involved 120 SLE patients. In all, 85% were female, 76% mestizo, the mean age was 32.8+/-12.1years and mean systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) was 8.4+/-8.9; 64% had renal involvement. Urinary levels of the two biomarkers were significantly higher in patients with LN compared to those without LN. Similarly, urinary levels of both biomarkers were significantly higher in patients with active LN compared to those with inactive LN. Furthermore, urinary transferrin levels were significantly higher in Afro-Latin American patients. On the other hand, urinary transferrin levels correlated with SLEDAI and proteinuria, and transferrin and ceruloplasmin levels correlated with each other. The diagnostic value of ROC curves for these urinary biomarkers for LN were good. CONCLUSIONS: In our cohort of SLE patients, we found that transferrin and ceruloplasmin were potential biomarkers for LN, and can even differentiate active LN

9.
J Rheumatol ; 47(5): 652-657, 2020 May 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31371648

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyze the prevalence of preexisting palindromic rheumatism (PR) in patients with established rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and to evaluate whether these patients have a distinctive clinical and serological phenotype. METHODS: Cross-sectional study in patients with established RA. Preexisting PR was determined using a structured protocol and confirmed by retrospective review of medical records. Demographic, clinical, radiological, immunological, and therapeutic features were compared in patients with and without PR. RESULTS: Included were 158 patients with established RA (78% female) with a mean disease duration since RA onset of 5.1 ± 2.7 years. Preexisting PR was recorded in 29 patients (18%). The median time from the onset of PR to progression to RA was 1.2 years. No between-group differences in demographic features, current disease activity, radiographic erosive disease, or disability were observed. Patients with PR had a higher prevalence of smoking (72% vs 40%). Positive rheumatoid factor, anticitrullinated peptide antibodies, and anticarbamylated protein antibodies were numerically higher in patients with PR. No differences in treatment were observed except for greater hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) use in patients with PR (38% vs 6%). Palindromic flares persisted in a significant proportion of patients during the RA course, including patients in clinical remission or receiving biological disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs. CONCLUSION: Eighteen percent of patients with RA had a history compatible with PR previous to RA onset. No specific clinical or serological phenotype was identified in these patients, although higher HCQ use and smoking prevalence were identified. Palindromic flares may persist during the RA disease course despite treatment.

10.
Reumatol Clin ; 16(1): 17-23, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês, Espanhol | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29530762

RESUMO

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Diagnosis of lupus nephritis (LN) is usually based on renal biopsy, which is an invasive technique that involves multiple risks. Therefore, different biomarkers have emerged as alternatives for the diagnosis of LN. Nonetheless, studies regarding urinary biomarkers in Latin American patients are limited. The objective of this study was to assess the diagnostic value of urinary transferrin and ceruloplasmin to differentiate patients who have renal involvement from those who do not. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients that met the revised American College of Rheumatology (ACR) classification criteria were recruited. Patients with another autoimmune disease, active infection (urinary tract or systemic infection), renal replacement therapy, human immunodeficiency virus infection or pregnancy were excluded. A urine sample was collected from each patient. LN was diagnosed according to ACR criteria. The activity and chronicity of LN were measured using the Austin indices. Urinary transferrin and ceruloplasmin levels were measured using commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits. Mann-Whitney U test and Student's t-test were used to compare data. Spearman's rank correlation was used to determine associations. Lastly, receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves were created. RESULTS: The study involved 120 SLE patients. In all, 85% were female, 76% mestizo, the mean age was 32.8±12.1years and mean systemic lupus erythematosus disease activity index (SLEDAI) was 8.4±8.9; 64% had renal involvement. Urinary levels of the two biomarkers were significantly higher in patients with LN compared to those without LN. Similarly, urinary levels of both biomarkers were significantly higher in patients with active LN compared to those with inactive LN. Furthermore, urinary transferrin levels were significantly higher in Afro-Latin American patients. On the other hand, urinary transferrin levels correlated with SLEDAI and proteinuria, and transferrin and ceruloplasmin levels correlated with each other. The diagnostic value of ROC curves for these urinary biomarkers for LN were good. CONCLUSIONS: In our cohort of SLE patients, we found that transferrin and ceruloplasmin were potential biomarkers for LN, and can even differentiate active LN.

11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31628810

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To analyse the clinical utility of trabecular bone score (TBS) evaluation for fracture risk assessment in glucocorticoid (GC)-treated patients compared with BMD assessment. METHODS: One hundred and twenty-seven patients on GC treatment were included [mean age 62 (18) years, 63% women] in this cross-sectional study. The medical history, anthropometric data, lumbar and femoral BMD (DXA) [considering osteoporosis (OP): T-score ⩽-2.5], TBS (considering degraded microarchitecture: <1.230) and dorsolumbar X-ray [to assess vertebral fractures (VF)] were evaluated. BMD and TBS sensitivity, specificity, and positive and negative predictive values (PPV, NPV) were evaluated to determine the diagnostic accuracy of the two methods. RESULTS: All patients were receiving GC treatment for autoimmune diseases during 47.7 (68.9) months at a mean daily dose of 14.5 mg; 17% had VF, 28% any type of fragility fracture (VF + non-VF), 29% OP and 52% degraded microarchitecture. Degraded microarchitecture was significantly more frequent than densitometric OP in patients with VF (76% vs 38%) and with any fragility fracture (69% vs 36%). For VF, TBS and BMD sensitivity, specificity, PPV, and NPV were 0.76, 0.53, 0.25 and 0.92, and 0.38, 0.72, 0.22 and 0.85, respectively. Specificity increased to 0.89 for VF and 0.9 for any fragility fracture on combining BMD+TBS. TBS had better ability than BMD to discriminate between patients with fracture, especially VF (area under the curve = 0.73). CONCLUSION: TBS seems to have greater discriminative power than BMD for fracture risk assessment in GC-treated patients, confirming the utility of this method as a complementary tool in the diagnosis of GC-induced OP.

13.
Semin Arthritis Rheum ; 49(3): 396-404, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31277928

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy (IFTA) and vascular injury are frequent histologic features of lupus nephritis renal biopsies, but their clinical correlates and prognostic value are not well understood. This cohort study investigated demographic, clinical and laboratory characteristics, and outcomes, associated with IFTA and vascular injury in lupus nephritis. METHODS: Reports of all renal biopsies performed at an academic medical center (1990-2017) with WHO/ISN/RPS Class II-V lupus nephritis were reviewed. Demographics, clinical variables and labs at biopsy, treatment, and date of death were collected. Additional data from the U.S. Renal Data System (USRDS) provided dates of ESRD and death after ESRD. Multivariable regression analyses identified demographic and clinical factors associated with each histologic finding. Cumulative incidence functions and multivariable Cox proportional hazard models estimated the risk of progression to ESRD and death. RESULTS: Within 202 initial biopsies, IFTA was associated with the patient's SLICC/ACR damage index (without renal domain) and serum creatinine, and vascular injury was associated with serum creatinine in multivariable models. In Cox regression models adjusting for age, sex, race, serum creatinine, calendar year, and biopsy class, moderate/severe IFTA was associated with elevated ESRD (HRSD 5.18, 95% CI 2.53, 10.59) and death (HR 4.19, 95%CI 1.27, 13.81). After adjustment for age, sex and race, moderate/severe vascular injury was associated with ESRD (HRSD 2.13, 95% CI 1.21, 3.75) and but this relationship was not significant after adjustment for serum creatinine and calendar year. CONCLUSIONS: IFTA is a strong predictor of ESRD and death, even in proliferative nephritis, and a risk factor for poor outcomes independent of class. Vascular injury is a strong predictor of prognosis, but not independent of serum creatinine and class. The prognostic value of these lesions calls for consideration when determining treatment for lupus nephritis.

16.
J Rheumatol ; 46(10): 1299-1308, 2019 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30824636

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the predictors of remission and low disease activity state (LDAS) in patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: Three disease activity states were defined: Remission = SLE Disease Activity Index (SLEDAI) = 0 and prednisone ≤ 5 mg/day and/or immunosuppressants (maintenance dose); LDAS = SLEDAI ≤ 4, prednisone ≤ 7.5 mg/day and/or immunosuppressants (maintenance dose); and non-optimally controlled state = SLEDAI > 4 and/or prednisone > 7.5 mg/day and/or immunosuppressants (induction dose). Antimalarials were allowed in all groups. Patients with at least 2 SLEDAI reported and not optimally controlled at entry were included in these analyses. Outcomes were remission and LDAS. Multivariable Cox regression models (stepwise selection procedure) were performed for remission and for LDAS. RESULTS: Of 1480 patients, 902 were non-optimally controlled at entry; among them, 196 patients achieved remission (21.7%) and 314 achieved LDAS (34.8%). Variables predictive of a higher probability of remission were the absence of mucocutaneous manifestations (HR 1.571, 95% CI 1.064-2.320), absence of renal involvement (HR 1.487, 95% CI 1.067-2.073), and absence of hematologic involvement (HR 1.354, 95% CI 1.005-1.825); the use of immunosuppressive drugs before the baseline visit (HR 1.468, 95% CI 1.025-2.105); and a lower SLEDAI score at entry (HR 1.028, 95% CI 1.006-1.051 per 1-unit decrease). These variables were predictive of LDAS: older age at entry, per 5-year increase (HR 1.050, 95% CI 1.004-1.098); absence of mucocutaneous manifestations (HR 1.401, 95% CI 1.016-1.930) and renal involvement (HR 1.344, 95% CI 1.049-1.721); and lower SLEDAI score at entry (HR 1.025, 95% CI 1.009-1.042). CONCLUSION: Absence of mucocutaneous, renal, and hematologic involvement, use of immunosuppressive drugs, and lower disease activity early in the course of the disease were predictive of remission in patients with SLE; older age was predictive of LDAS.

18.
Eur J Immunol ; 49(2): 323-335, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30537116

RESUMO

Non-classical monocytes infiltrate the kidney parenchyma and participate in tissue damage in patients with lupus nephritis (LN). Circulating microparticles (MPs) seem to play critical roles in the activation of monocytes in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. This study aims to characterize the phenotypes of MPs and monocyte subsets in LN patients and to determine their potential to discriminate between SLE patients with and without LN. Blood and urine samples from SLE patients were collected. In monocyte subsets from whole blood samples several phenotypic markers were evaluated. MPs were isolated from platelet-poor plasma and urine by centrifugation. This phenotypic marker characterization was performed using multiparametric flow cytometry. We observed that patients with active LN have lower counts of non-classical monocytes than do those without renal involvement. All monocyte subsets exhibited lower expression of CX3CR1 and ICAM-1 in LN than in patients without LN. High frequencies of MP-HMGB1+ and MP-HLA-DR+ were detected in circulation and urine of LN patients. Although MP-HMGB1+ , MP-HLA-DR+ , and MP-CX3CR1+ from urine were able to discriminate between patients with and without LN, only urinary MP-HMGB1+ were different between patients with active and inactive LN. Therefore, these vesicles may be useful as biomarkers of LN.

19.
Rev. argent. reumatol ; 29(3): 6-10, set. 2018. tab
Artigo em Espanhol | LILACS | ID: biblio-977290

RESUMO

Objetivos: Estimar el efecto de los antimaláricos (AM) sobre los diferentes dominios del índice de daño SLICC (SDI). Métodos: Se estudiaron pacientes con diagnóstico clínico reciente (≤2 años) de lupus eritematoso sistémico (LES) de la cohorte GLADEL. Variable de estudio: aumento en los dominios del SDI desde el ingreso a la cohorte. Variables independientes: características sociodemográficas, clínicas, laboratorio y tratamientos. El efecto de los AM, como variable dependiente del tiempo, sobre los dominios más frecuentes del SDI (ajustado por factores de confusión) fue examinado con un modelo de regresión de Cox multivariado. Resultados: De 1466 pacientes estudiados, 1049 (72%) recibieron AM con un tiempo medio de exposición de 30 meses (Q1-Q3: 11-57) y 665 pacientes (45%) presentaron daño durante un seguimiento medio de 24 meses (Q1-Q3: 8-55); 301 eventos fueron cutáneos, 208 renales, 149 neuropsiquiátricos, 98 musculoesqueléticos, 88 cardiovasculares y 230 otros. Después de ajustar por factores de confusión, el uso de AM se asoció a un menor riesgo de daño renal (HR 0,652; IC 95%: 0,472-0,901) y en el límite de la significancia estadística (HR 0,701, IC 95%: 0,481-1,024) para el dominio neuropsiquiátrico. Conclusión: En GLADEL, el uso de AM se asoció independientemente a un menor riesgo de daño acumulado renal.


Objective: To assess the effects of antimalarials (AM) over the items of the SLICC Damage Index (SDI). Methods: Patients with recent (≤2 years) diagnosis of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) from the GLADEL cohort were studied. End-point: increase in items SDI since cohort entry. Independent variables (socio-demographic, clinical, laboratory and treatment) were included. The effect of AM as a time dependent variable on most frequent SDI items (adjusting for potential confounders) was examined with a multivariable Cox regression model. Results: Of the 1466 patients included in this analysis, 1049 (72%) received AM with a median exposure time of 30 months (Q1-Q3: 11-57). Damage occurred in 665 (45%) patients during a median follow-up time of 24 months (Q1-Q3: 8-55). There were 301 integument, 208 renal, 149 neuropsychiatric, 98 musculoskeletal, 88 cardiovascular and 230 others less frequently represented damages. After adjusting for potential confounders at any time during follow-up, a lower risk of renal damage (HR 0.652; 95% CI: 0.472-0.901) and borderline for neuropsychiatric damage (HR 0.701, 95% CI: 0.481-1.024) was found. Conclusion: In the GLADEL cohort, after adjustment for possible confounding factors, AM were independently associated with a reduced risk of renal damage accrual.


Assuntos
Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico , Antimaláricos
20.
Ann Rheum Dis ; 77(11): 1549-1557, 2018 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30045853

RESUMO

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), a complex and heterogeneous autoimmune disease, represents a significant challenge for both diagnosis and treatment. Patients with SLE in Latin America face special problems that should be considered when therapeutic guidelines are developed. The objective of the study is to develop clinical practice guidelines for Latin American patients with lupus. Two independent teams (rheumatologists with experience in lupus management and methodologists) had an initial meeting in Panama City, Panama, in April 2016. They selected a list of questions for the clinical problems most commonly seen in Latin American patients with SLE. These were addressed with the best available evidence and summarised in a standardised format following the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation approach. All preliminary findings were discussed in a second face-to-face meeting in Washington, DC, in November 2016. As a result, nine organ/system sections are presented with the main findings; an 'overarching' treatment approach was added. Special emphasis was made on regional implementation issues. Best pharmacologic options were examined for musculoskeletal, mucocutaneous, kidney, cardiac, pulmonary, neuropsychiatric, haematological manifestations and the antiphospholipid syndrome. The roles of main therapeutic options (ie, glucocorticoids, antimalarials, immunosuppressant agents, therapeutic plasma exchange, belimumab, rituximab, abatacept, low-dose aspirin and anticoagulants) were summarised in each section. In all cases, benefits and harms, certainty of the evidence, values and preferences, feasibility, acceptability and equity issues were considered to produce a recommendation with special focus on ethnic and socioeconomic aspects. Guidelines for Latin American patients with lupus have been developed and could be used in similar settings.


Assuntos
Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Hematológicas/tratamento farmacológico , Nefropatias/tratamento farmacológico , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Síndrome Antifosfolipídica/etiologia , Cardiopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Cardiopatias/etiologia , Doenças Hematológicas/etiologia , Humanos , Nefropatias/etiologia , América Latina , Pneumopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Pneumopatias/etiologia , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/complicações , Nefrite Lúpica/tratamento farmacológico , Nefrite Lúpica/etiologia , Transtornos Mentais/tratamento farmacológico , Transtornos Mentais/etiologia , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/tratamento farmacológico , Doenças Musculoesqueléticas/etiologia , Dermatopatias/tratamento farmacológico , Dermatopatias/etiologia , Padrão de Cuidado
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA