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1.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 47(1): 64-70, Jan.-Feb. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1134304

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Purpose: We aimed to compare the success and complication rates of the anterograde and retrograde Ureterorenoscopy (URS) for impacted upper ureteral stones in patients > 65 years of age. Materials and Methods: Data of 146 patients >65 years of age and underwent anterograde URS (n=68) in supine position or retrograde URS (n=78) for upper ureteral impacted stones>10 mm between January 2014 and September 2018 were collected prospectively. The groups were compared for success and complication rates, duration of operation, hospital stay, and ancillary procedures. Results: Anterograde and retrograde URS groups were similar for demographic and stone related characteristics. The success rate of the anterograde URS group was significantly higher than the retrograde URS group (97.1% vs. 78.2%, p=0.0007). The complication rates were similar for the two groups (p=0.86). Clavien grade I and II complications were observed in 3 patients in each group. The mean hemoglobin drop was 0.5 g/dL in the anterograde URS group and blood transfusion was not performed in any of the patients. The mean duration of operation was 41.2±12.5 minutes in the mini-PNL group and 59.6±15.1 minutes in the RIRS group and the difference was statistically significant (p=0.02). The median duration of hospitalization was 1 day for both groups. Conclusions: Performing anterograde URS in supine position provided better success rates and similar complication rates compared to retrograde URS. Based on these results anterograde URS shall be considered as one of the primary treatment options for management of impacted upper ureteral stones in the elderly population.

2.
Urology ; 2021 Jan 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33417928

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of location of the tip of percutaneous sheath and nephroscope in the collecting system together with active aspiration on the Intrapelvic pressure measurements (IPP) during miniaturized percutaneous nephrolithotomy (miniPNL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of 20 patients underwent miniPNL in supine position was collected prospectively. IPP measurements were done with an 8 Fr urodynamic pressure measurement catheter in 4 different settings with respect to location of tip of sheath and nephroscope. All 4 settings were repeated with active aspiration. Totally measurements were done and compared in 8 different settings for 90 seconds in each patient. RESULTS: Highest mean IPP measurements were recorded in setting II (35.3 ± 11.8 cm H2O) where the sheath was located in the calyx and the tip of the nephroscope was in the renal pelvis. When active aspiration was applied, the mean pressure measurements were significantly lower than the counterpart settings without aspiration (all P values <.0001). When the active aspiration was applied, intrarenal pressure measurements did not exceed 40 cm H2O in any settings in any of the patients. CONCLUSION: Location of the tip of the sheath and the nephroscope has significant effect on IPP measurements. Active aspiration significantly lowers the IPP and keeps it <40 cm H2O. Endourologists should be aware of possible alterations in IPP during miniPNL and active aspiration should be kept in mind as an effective solution to decrease the risk of complications related to high IPP.

3.
Int Braz J Urol ; 47(1): 64-70, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32840338

RESUMO

PURPOSE: We aimed to compare the success and complication rates of the anterograde and retrograde Ureterorenoscopy (URS) for impacted upper ureteral stones in patients > 65 years of age. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 146 patients >65 years of age and underwent anterograde URS (n=68) in supine position or retrograde URS (n=78) for upper ureteral impacted stones>10 mm between January 2014 and September 2018 were collected prospectively. The groups were compared for success and complication rates, duration of operation, hospital stay, and ancillary procedures. RESULTS: Anterograde and retrograde URS groups were similar for demographic and stone related characteristics. The success rate of the anterograde URS group was significantly higher than the retrograde URS group (97.1% vs. 78.2%, p=0.0007). The complication rates were similar for the two groups (p=0.86). Clavien grade I and II complications were observed in 3 patients in each group. The mean hemoglobin drop was 0.5 g/dL in the anterograde URS group and blood transfusion was not performed in any of the patients. The mean duration of operation was 41.2±12.5 minutes in the mini-PNL group and 59.6±15.1 minutes in the RIRS group and the difference was statistically significant (p=0.02). The median duration of hospitalization was 1 day for both groups. CONCLUSIONS: Performing anterograde URS in supine position provided better success rates and similar complication rates compared to retrograde URS. Based on these results anterograde URS shall be considered as one of the primary treatment options for management of impacted upper ureteral stones in the elderly population.

4.
Int Urol Nephrol ; 2020 Sep 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32980930

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the role of urinary neutrophil gelatinase-induced lipocalin (uNGAL) measurement in the early diagnosis of acute kidney injury that may occur after intraoperative ischemia in patients undergoing partial nephrectomy (PN). METHODS: This prospective study included 86 patients who underwent open laparoscopic or robotic partial nephrectomy between May 2017 and May 2019. During the surgery, whether the patients had ischemia or not, type of vascular clamping and the ischemia time were noted. The definition of acute kidney injury (AKI) was classified according to Acute Kidney Injury Network (AKIN) criteria. Urine samples were collected preoperatively and 3 h after renal pedicle clamp removal and uNGAL was measured. RESULTS: AKI was recorded in 34 (39.5%) of 86 patients after PN. Of the 34 patients, 26 (76.4%) had level 1 and 8 (23.6%) had level 2 AKI. uNGAL levels increased significantly as an early reflection of AKI in patients who underwent intraoperative total or renal artery clamping (p = 0.024). There was no significant postoperative increase in uNGAL in the non-ischemic group (p = 0.163). uNGAL expression was detected well before serum creatinine increase. Patients with AKI after PN had higher uNGAL expression (p = 0.008) However, there was no correlation between the level of AKI and uNGAL expression (r = 0.201, p = 0.066). CONCLUSION: Ischemic acute kidney injury after nephron-sparing surgery can be detected early by uNGAL measurement. In future studies comparing outcomes of different surgical techniques on renal functions after PN, uNGAL levels may be used.

5.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 39(8): 2338-2343, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32846036

RESUMO

AIM: To validate the Turkish versions of the interstitial cystitis symptom index (ICSI) and interstitial cystitis problem index (ICPI) for use in Turkish speaking patients with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC). METHODS: After translation of the original ICSI and ICPI into the Turkish language, Turkish versions of ICSI and ICPI were self-administered to all participants. Test-retest reliability (intraclass correlation coefficient) was evaluated at 2 weeks intervals in the BPS/IC group. Internal consistency was evaluated using Cronbach's alpha. Scores of ICSI and ICPI was compared between BPS/IC and control groups to examine discriminant validity. Criterion validity was examined via investigating the correlations between bladder diary data (24-hour frequency and nocturia), visual analogue scale (VAS) scores, and results to the corresponding questions in ICSI and ICPI. RESULTS: Results of 79 patients with BPS/IC and 50 control patients were analyzed. Both indices showed high internal consistency (Cronbach's α for ICSI and ICPI was 0.879 and 0.923, respectively). The test-retest reliability of ICSI and ICPI was high for total scores and subdomains of both indices (intraclass correlation coefficient was 0.722 for ICSI and 0.777 for ICPI). Scores of both indices were significantly higher in BPS/IC group than the control group (P < .001). Statistically significant correlations were found between 24-hour frequency, nocturia, VAS scores, and corresponding questions in the indices. A statistically significant and strong correlation was observed between ICSI and ICPI scores (P < .001, rS = .632). CONCLUSION: Turkish versions of ICSI and ICPI are reliable, consistent, and valid instruments to evaluate symptoms of Turkish speaking patients with BPS/IC.

6.
Urol J ; 17(4): 413-421, 2020 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32623709

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of a new mesenchymal stem cell type derived from the neonatal bladder (nMSC-B) on diabetic bladder dysfunction (DBD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: nMSC-B were harvested from neonatal male Sprague-Dawley rat's bladder and expanded in culture. nMSC-B were transferred to Type-1 diabetic rats which were induced by a single dose 45 mg/kg Streptozocin (STZ). Stem cells were transferred via intraperitoneally (IP) (DM-IP group, n:6) and by direct injection to the detrusor (DM-D group, n:6) at 12th week following diabetes and compared with Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS) injected diabetic rats (DM-PBS group, n:6) and age-matched PBS injected non-diabetic normal rats (NR-PBS group, n:6). All rats were evaluated histopathologically and functionally four weeks after the stem cell treatment. RESULTS: nMSC-B showed improvement in both voiding function and bladder structure. The maximum voiding pressure (MVP) values in the DM-PBS group were lower compare to DM-IP, DM-D and NR-PBS groups (13.27 ± 0.78 vs 16.27 ± 0.61, 28.59 ± 2.09, 21.54 ± 1.00, respectively, P < .001). There was a significant improvement for MVP values in stem cell-treated groups. Immunohistochemical examination revealed decreased bladder smooth muscle (SM), increased fibrosis and desquamation in urothelia in diabetic groups compared to normal group(P < .001). We detected recovery in the stem cell groups. This recovery was more evident in DM-D group.  No statistical difference was observed in SM and fibrosis between DM-D and NR-PBS groups (P = .9). CONCLUSION: It was shown that nMSCBs provided amelioration of DBD. We think that nMSC-B constitutes an effective treatment method in DBD.

7.
Urol J ; 17(4): 413-421, 2020 06 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32619015

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To evaluate the effect of a new mesenchymal stem cell type derived from the neonatal bladder (nMSC-B) on diabetic bladder dysfunction (DBD). MATERIALS AND METHODS: nMSC-B were harvested from neonatal male Sprague-Dawley rat's bladder and expanded in culture. nMSC-B were transferred to Type-1 diabetic rats which were induced by a single dose 45 mg/kg Streptozocin (STZ). Stem cells were transferred via intraperitoneally (IP) (DM-IP group, n:6) and by direct injection to the detrusor (DM-D group, n:6) at 12th week following diabetes and compared with Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS) injected diabetic rats (DM-PBS group, n:6) and age-matched PBS injected non-diabetic normal rats (NR-PBS group, n:6). All rats were evaluated histopathologically and functionally four weeks after the stem cell treatment. RESULTS: nMSC-B showed improvement in both voiding function and bladder structure. The maximum voiding pressure (MVP) values in the DM-PBS group were lower compare to DM-IP, DM-D and NR-PBS groups (13.27 ± 0.78 vs 16.27 ± 0.61, 28.59 ± 2.09, 21.54 ± 1.00, respectively, P < .001). There was a significant improvement for MVP values in stem cell-treated groups. Immunohistochemical examination revealed decreased bladder smooth muscle (SM), increased fibrosis and desquamation in urothelia in diabetic groups compared to normal group(P < .001). We detected recovery in the stem cell groups. This recovery was more evident in DM-D group.  No statistical difference was observed in SM and fibrosis between DM-D and NR-PBS groups (P = .9). CONCLUSION: It was shown that nMSCBs provided amelioration of DBD. We think that nMSC-B constitutes an effective treatment method in DBD.

8.
Turk J Urol ; 46(3): 231-235, 2020 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31747364

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the possible role of potassium sensitivity test (PST) in predicting the success of hydrodistention (HD) in patients with bladder pain syndrome/interstitial cystitis (BPS/IC). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Patients who underwent PST before diagnostic cystoscopy and HD were evaluated to collect data regarding the visual analog score (VAS) to assess pain, the voiding diary for frequency of urination/nocturia, mean urine volume per void, interstitial cystitis symptom index, and problem index before HD. Patients were requested to provide the VAS of pain at 1 month and 6 months post-HD. A reduction 2 or more on the VAS of pain was considered as a response adequate to be noted. RESULTS: The median age of the patients was 46 years. The PST was positive for 27 patients (27/39; 69.2%). At 1 month post-HD, out of the 27 patients with positive PST, 23 (85.2%) were found to have been responsive to HD and 4 (14.8%) were non-responsive. Of the 12 (12/39; 30.8%) patients who showed a negative PST, 7 (58.3%) were non-responsive and 5 (41.7%) were responsive to HD. A logistic regression analysis revealed that PST (p=0.009) was the only parameter that was able to predict HD efficacy at 1 month post-HD. CONCLUSION: PST was found to be a predictive factor for the short-term efficacy of HD. BPS/IC patients with positive PST are likely to be more susceptible to the damage of mucosal afferent nerve endings, which results in them benefiting from HD to a greater degree.

9.
Turk J Urol ; 45(6): 444-448, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31603419

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The supine position is becoming increasingly popular in percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). Renal puncture is the key step for a successful PNL procedure. The aim of this study was to describe a novel method for renal puncture and compare it with a previously described method. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data of 358 patients who underwent PNL in the supine position were collected prospectively. In 165 patients, the puncture was performed by a previously described method (Group 1), and in 193 patients, the puncture was performed with the novel method (Group 2). Groups were compared with regard to total time and fluoroscopy time to successful puncture. In the novel puncture technique, the needle is advanced toward the targeted calyx under monoplane fluoroscopy. To determine the needle depth, the C-arm is rotated by 10°. If the needle projection is beyond the targeted calyx in fluoroscopy, the puncture is deeper than desired. If the needle projection does not reach the targeted calyx, the puncture is more superficial than desired. RESULTS: Groups were similar with regard to the mean age, gender distribution, body mass index, stone size, and site of puncture. The mean total time to puncture was 88.2±25.3 seconds in Group 1 and 54.3±22.3 seconds in Group 2, and the difference was statistically significant (p=0.03). The mean fluoroscopy time to puncture was 16.1±5.3 seconds in Group 1 and 9.3±3.4 seconds in Group 2, and the difference was statistically significant (p=0.03). CONCLUSION: This novel method to determine the depth of the needle is simple, reproducible, and has the potential to diminish radiation exposure with the aid of intermittent fluoroscopy.

10.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(5): 941-947, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31268641

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy of a novel decision aid (DA) in improving the patients' level of knowledge and decreasing decisional conflicts while deciding for SWL vs. RIRS in case of a symptomatic renal stone < 2 cm. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective randomized study patients were randomized to receive either standard informing process (group 1, n=57) or DA (group 2, n=58). Level of knowledge was assessed with a questionnaire of 10 questions before and after patient informing process. Level of decisional conflict was assessed with a previously validated scoring system. Logistic regression analysis was performed to identify factors associated with adequate level of knowledge. RESULTS: Level of knowledge increased significantly in both groups after patient informing process. The increase was significantly more prominent in group 2 (p=0.045). Percentage of patients with adequate knowledge was also higher in group 2 (56.1%vs.74.1%, p=0.04). Mean decisional conflict scale score (higher score indicates higher decisional conflict level) was also significantly higher in group1 (14.7±14.5 vs. 10.1±13.7, p=0.045). Multivariate logistic regression analysis revealed higher education level (college degree) and use of DA as factors associated with adequate level of knowledge. CONCLUSIONS: In the current study, The DA was shown to have a positive impact on level of knowledge and diminish the level of decisional conflict for patients with a symptomatic non-lower pole renal stone < 20 mm. We recommend development and use of DAs for particular clinic scenarios to aid in education of patients and shared decision making process in stone disease clinics.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Conhecimentos, Atitudes e Prática em Saúde , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Litotripsia a Laser/métodos , Inquéritos e Questionários/normas , Adulto , Conflito Psicológico , Escolaridade , Feminino , Humanos , Modelos Logísticos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Participação do Paciente , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas
11.
Int. braz. j. urol ; 45(3): 581-587, May-June 2019. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1012333

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Introduction: The main aim of stone surgery is to establish stone free status. Performing flexible nephroscopy is an effective tool in this manner. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of retrograde flexible nephroscopy for detection of residual fragments following percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) in comparison with antegrade approach. Materials and Methods: Data of 137 patients underwent ECIRS was collected prospectively. In all cases following stone clearance, collecting system was checked for residual fragments. First antegrade than retrograde flexible nephroscopy was performed and success rates to reach all calices and detection of residual fragments were noted. All patients underwent CT and success rate of antegrade and retrograde approaches were compared. PPV and NPV of retrograde approach to detect residual fragments were calculated. Results: Antegrade and retrograde nephroscopy successfully accessed all of the calices in 101 (73.7%) and 130 (94.9%) patients respectively (p<0.0001). Residual fragments were observed in 18 (13.1%) patients following antegrade flexible nephroscopy. Retrograde approach identified residual stones in 17 more cases. These cases were treated with flexible nephroscopy or secondary percutaneous tract. Postoperative CT revealed residual stones in 10 (7.3%) patients. PPV and NPV of retrograde flexible nephroscopy were 83.3% and 96.2%. Conclusions: Flexible nephroscopy effectively detects residual fragments following PNL. Retrograde approach was more successful than antegrade approach to reach all calices. We recommend performing retrograde flexible nephroscopy following PNL especially in complex cases as it has the potential to increase SFR, decrease the need for second look surgery and unnecessary postoperative imaging.

12.
Int Braz J Urol ; 45(3): 581-587, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30901169

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The main aim of stone surgery is to establish stone free status. Performing fl exible nephroscopy is an effective tool in this manner. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of retrograde fl exible nephroscopy for detection of residual fragments following percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) in comparison with antegrade approach. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data of 137 patients underwent ECIRS was collected prospectively. In all cases following stone clearance, collecting system was checked for residual fragments. First antegrade than retrograde fl exible nephroscopy was performed and success rates to reach all calices and detection of residual fragments were noted. All patients underwent CT and success rate of antegrade and retrograde approaches were compared. PPV and NPV of retrograde approach to detect residual fragments were calculated. RESULTS: Antegrade and retrograde nephroscopy successfully accessed all of the calices in 101 (73.7%) and 130 (94.9%) patients respectively (p<0.0001). Residual fragments were observed in 18 (13.1%) patients following antegrade fl exible nephroscopy. Retrograde approach identifi ed residual stones in 17 more cases. These cases were treated with fl exible nephroscopy or secondary percutaneous tract. Postoperative CT revealed residual stones in 10 (7.3%) patients. PPV and NPV of retrograde fl exible nephroscopy were 83.3% and 96.2%. CONCLUSIONS: Flexible nephroscopy effectively detects residual fragments following PNL. Retrograde approach was more successful than antegrade approach to reach all calices. We recommend performing retrograde fl exible nephroscopy following PNL especially in complex cases as it has the potential to increase SFR, decrease the need for second look surgery and unnecessary postoperative imaging.


Assuntos
Endoscopia/métodos , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/métodos , Adulto , Endoscopia/instrumentação , Desenho de Equipamento , Feminino , Humanos , Cálculos Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Cálices Renais/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/instrumentação , Estudos Prospectivos , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Resultado do Tratamento
13.
Urol J ; 16(5): 453-457, 2019 10 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30636274

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To investigate the prognostic role of time to castration resistance(TTCR) in patients who have received solely Docetaxel chemotherapy regimen(DCR) for castration resistant prostate cancer(CRPC). METHODS: Between Jan 2004 and Dec 2015, data of 162 patients who have received DCR for CRPC were gath-ered. Patients were divided into three groups according to TTCR: Group 1(? 12 months), group 2(13-24 months), and group 3(>24 months). Data of age, clinical stage, Gleason grade(GG), previous treatments, site of metastases, Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) values, TTCR, overall survival, biochemical progression free survival(PFS) and PSA response to docetaxel were recorded. RESULT: The mean age of the 162 patients was 74.4 ± 8.5 years. Data on mean age, type of castration, adding estra-mustine to docetaxel, secondary hormonal manipulation, Gleason grade, clinical T stage at initial diagnosis and site of metastases were comparable between three groups. PSA values were higher in group 1 than other groups. PSA response to docetaxel was 59.2% in all patient and it was worse in group 1 than other groups (P = .009). Two years overall survival rates were 7.6%, 25% and 32.3% in group 1, 2 and 3, respectively. Median survival rates were 7, 14 and 23 months in group 1, 2 and 3, respectively, and this difference was statistically significant (P=.016). On multivariate analysis, TTCR was found to be independent prognostic factor for overall survival and response to docetaxel treatment. CONCLUSION: TTCR appears to be an independent prognostic factor for patients who are candidates for DCR.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Docetaxel/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Próstata Resistentes à Castração/mortalidade , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Humanos , Masculino , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
14.
Neurourol Urodyn ; 37(1): 257-262, 2018 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28480984

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Intravesical glucosaminoglycan (GAG) replacement therapies are commonly used in the treatment of bladder pain syndrome (BPS)/interstitial cystitis (IC). Different intravesical glucosaminoglycan products are currently available. In this prospective study, clinical efficacy of chondroitin sulfate and hyaluronic acid are compared in patients with BPS/IC. METHODS: Patients were randomized to CS and HA groups. All patients were evaluated for visual analogue pain scale (VAS), interstitial cystitis symptom index (ICSI), interstitial cystitis problem index (ICPI), voiding diary for frequency/nocturia, and mean urine volume per void at the beginning of the therapy and after 6 months. All patients had a potassium sensitivity test (PST) initially. Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney U tests were used for statistical analysis. RESULTS: There were 21 patients in both groups. Mean age of patients in CS and HA groups were 47.10 and 48.90, respectively(P > 0.05). Before treatment, Parson's test was positive in 64.3% of patients (27/42) with no difference between groups. VAS of pain, ICSI, ICPI, frequency at 24 h and nocturia results have improved significantly at both treatment arms. Intravesical CS was also found superior to intravesical HA in terms of 24 h frequency, nocturia and ICPI (P < 0.05). No severe adverse effects were reported. CONCLUSIONS: Data comparing clinical efficiencies of different GAG therapies are very limited. In this study, intravesical CS was found superior to intravesical HA in terms of 24 h frequency, nocturia and ICPI in patients with BPS/IC in short term follow-up. To provide a definitive conclusion on superiority of one GAG therapy to others, further evaluation with long term follow up is required.


Assuntos
Sulfatos de Condroitina/uso terapêutico , Cistite Intersticial/tratamento farmacológico , Ácido Hialurônico/uso terapêutico , Manejo da Dor/métodos , Dor/etiologia , Doenças da Bexiga Urinária/tratamento farmacológico , Administração Intravesical , Adulto , Idoso , Sulfatos de Condroitina/administração & dosagem , Sulfatos de Condroitina/efeitos adversos , Cistite Intersticial/complicações , Feminino , Glicosaminoglicanos/administração & dosagem , Glicosaminoglicanos/uso terapêutico , Humanos , Ácido Hialurônico/administração & dosagem , Ácido Hialurônico/efeitos adversos , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Noctúria/complicações , Medição da Dor , Estudos Prospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento , Doenças da Bexiga Urinária/complicações , Urodinâmica
15.
J Endourol ; 31(7): 725-728, 2017 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28467724

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Stone disease is an important health problem, and patients have different treatment choices. Shared decision making is recommended for deciding the treatment type, but patient education is necessary. Decision aids (DAs) are used for this aim, and herein, we developed a novel DA for patients with symptomatic nonlower pole renal stones <20 mm in diameter. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The DA development process was established based on the recommended guides. General characteristics of the stone disease and details of the shockwave lithotripsy and retrograde intrarenal surgery were included in the content of the DA. The DA was further revised based on the suggestions of different physician groups and patients. The DA was evaluated by three physicians (Delphi assessment-International Patient Decision Aid Standards [IPDAS] Collaboration standards) and 25 patients (questionnaire of six questions with five-point Likert scale). RESULTS: The DA was designed as a booklet, and Delphi group assessment resulted in a total score of 50/54. Patient evaluation of the DA resulted in favorable outcomes, and patients generally recommended its use by other patients. CONCLUSIONS: This novel DA for patients with a symptomatic nonlower pole renal stone <20 mm showed promising results and was well accepted by the patients. We believe that this DA will have a positive impact on patients' level of knowledge. Increased level of knowledge will also improve the patients' contribution to the shared decision-making process. A further prospective randomized trial to compare with the standard patient informing process is also planned.


Assuntos
Tomada de Decisões , Técnicas de Apoio para a Decisão , Cálculos Renais/terapia , Educação de Pacientes como Assunto/métodos , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Cálculos Renais/cirurgia , Litotripsia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Folhetos , Participação do Paciente , Satisfação do Paciente
16.
Urolithiasis ; 45(6): 603-608, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28357451

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) is the primary treatment modality for management of staghorn stones. PNL in supine position has important advantages over prone positon. However, studies comparing prone and supine positions for PNL in staghorn stone patients have conflicting results, and the aim of the current study was to compare prone and supine positions for PNL in staghorn stone cases. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Data of patients underwent PNL for staghorn stones in supine or prone position by a single urologist were collected prospectively. The supine and prone position groups were compared for stone free rate (SFR) and complication rates. All patients were evaluated with NCCT for evaluation of SFR. Chi-square test was used to compare categorical variables and Student t test was applied for continuous variables of the treatment groups. RESULTS: The groups were similar for demographic and stone-related characteristics. Multi-caliceal and intercostal access was more common in prone position. Operation duration was significantly shorter and hemoglobin drop was significantly less in supine group. SFR was 64.1 and 60.4% in the supine and prone groups, respectively (p = 0.72). Complication rates were similar in the two groups but Clavien III complications were observed in two patients in the prone group. CONCLUSIONS: PNL in supine position is an effective treatment for management of staghorn stones. The need for multi-caliceal and intercostal puncture is less when combined with retrograde intrarenal surgery. PNL in supine position should be considered as primary treatment option in staghorn stone cases.


Assuntos
Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/métodos , Posicionamento do Paciente/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Cálices Renais/cirurgia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Nefrolitotomia Percutânea/efeitos adversos , Duração da Cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Decúbito Ventral , Estudos Prospectivos , Cálculos Coraliformes , Decúbito Dorsal , Resultado do Tratamento
17.
J Endourol ; 30(9): 1009-16, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27392789

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Triple D score was recently developed for prediction of extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (SWL) outcomes. However, it has not been validated. SWL in elderly patients results in lower success and higher complication rates. We aimed at externally validating Triple D score in a population ≥65 years of age. PATIENTS AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed the data of 182 patients ≥65 years of age who underwent SWL for renal or ureteral stones and were evaluated with non-contrast computed tomography before SWL. Stone volume (SV), skin-to-stone distance (SSD), and stone density were measured, and cutoff values were determined with receiver operator characteristic analysis. Triple D scores were calculated, and success rates were determined for each score. RESULTS: Mean SV, SSD, and stone density values were significantly higher in patients with failed outcomes compared with those with successful outcomes in both renal and ureteral cases. Cutoff values of 187.5 mm(3), 10.5 cm, and 675 HU for renal stones and of 185 mm(3), 11.5 cm, and 785 HU for ureteral stones were detected. Success rates of 95.5% and 95% were detected for patients with a Triple D score of 3 in the renal and ureteral stone groups, respectively. Success rates of patients with a Triple D score of 0 were 20% and 25% in the renal and ureteral stone groups, respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Triple D score correlated well with SWL outcomes in patients ≥65 years of age, and it is externally validated. Various factors may deal with cutoff levels of involved parameters. Therefore, we suggest that each institution determines its unique cutoff levels for SV, SSD, and stone density parameters and calculates the Triple D score for its patients with respect to these cutoff levels to predict the success after SWL and aid in decision making.


Assuntos
Cálculos Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Cálculos Renais/terapia , Litotripsia/métodos , Tomógrafos Computadorizados , Cálculos Ureterais/diagnóstico por imagem , Cálculos Ureterais/terapia , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Curva ROC , Valores de Referência , Estudos Retrospectivos , Pele/diagnóstico por imagem , Resultado do Tratamento
18.
World J Urol ; 34(6): 847-51, 2016 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26462931

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Although the role of second transurethral resection of bladder tumor (TURB) is well established in high-risk non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer, to the best of our knowledge, there is no study regarding the role of a second transurethral resection (TUR) after a complete first TURB in multimodal therapy (MMT). The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of a second TUR on disease-specific survival (DSS) and overall survival (OS) rates in muscle-invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) patients who were treated with MMT. METHODS: We assessed the data of 90 patients (stage T2-4, N0-1, M0 urothelial cancer) who were treated with MMT at our clinic between January 2000 and June 2014. Patients with incomplete initial TURB were excluded. A total of 43 patients had a second TUR before starting radiochemotherapy of MMT (group 1), and 47 patients (group 2) were treated with MMT without having a second TUR. The impact of second TUR on DSS and OS rates was the primary outcome measure of the study. RESULTS: Mean (SD, range) age and mean follow-up of the patients were 65.1 (7.1, 52-81) years and 60.3 (38.3, 6-159) months, respectively. The two groups were similar with regard to sex, age, presence of hydronephrosis, lymph node involvement and stage. The 5-year DSS rate was better in group 1 compared to group 2 (68 vs. 41 %) (p = 0.046). The 5-year OS rates of the patients were 63.7 and 40.1 % in groups 1 and 2, respectively (p = 0.054). Multivariate analysis revealed that second TUR, lymph node involvement, presence of hydronephrosis and tumor stage were independent prognostic factors for DSS. CONCLUSIONS: Second TUR should be performed in patients with MIBC who are going to be treated with bladder-preserving MMT protocols.


Assuntos
Cistectomia/métodos , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/cirurgia , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Liso , Invasividade Neoplásica , Tratamentos com Preservação do Órgão , Reoperação , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento , Uretra , Neoplasias da Bexiga Urinária/mortalidade
19.
Can Urol Assoc J ; 9(11-12): E789-94, 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26600886

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: We evaluated the prognostic effects of hematologic parameters of preoperative leukocytosis and neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in patients who underwent radical cystectomy for bladder cancer. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 363 patients who underwent radical cystectomy for bladder cancer between January 1990 and June 2013. In total, 286 patients were included in the study. Age, gender, pathologic stage, lymph node involvement, preoperative hydronephrosis, histologic sub-type, surgical margin status, and lymphovascular invasion were recorded for each patient. Univariate and multivariate analysis were performed to determine the prognostic value of the preoperative clinical and laboratory parameters on disease-specific survival (DSS). Additionally, the correlation between leukocytosis and other factors were evaluated. RESULTS: According to the univariate analysis preoperative leukocytosis and NLR were detected as negative prognostic factors on DSS. Preoperative leukocytosis, NLR, stage, lymph node involvement, histologic subtype, grade and age were independent prognostic factors for DSS, on multivariate analysis. Patients with leukocytosis had higher stage, grade and lymphovascular invasion. CONCLUSIONS: Inexpensive, reproducible, and readily available peripheral blood count components of white blood cell count and NLR were independent prognostic factors, which can stratify DSS risks in bladder cancer patients who underwent radical cystectomy.

20.
Turk J Urol ; 41(3): 152-4, 2015 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26516600

RESUMO

Primitive neuroectodermal tumor (PNET) of the kidney is rare. Mostly patients with renal PNET are young adults and the survival rates are poor. Although radiological and pathological investigations, differential diagnosis from other kidney tumours is very difficult. The treatment is often delayed because of difficulties with diagnosis. In most cases of renal PNET, as in this case, prognosis is poor. Particularly, in young adults with large renal masses, it must be diagnosed and treatment should be started immediately.

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