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2.
Dermatol Ther ; 34(1): e14733, 2021 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33389789

RESUMO

There is a growing body of evidence linking rosacea to various systemic disorders, even though data regarding the association between rosacea and cardiovascular diseases are presently controversial. We sought to investigate the potential association of rosacea with subclinical atherosclerosis and serum proinflammatory/proatherogenic markers. This study included 44 patients with rosacea and 44 age-matched and sex-matched healthy control subjects. Patients with traditional cardiovascular risk factors or a history of cardiovascular events were excluded. Demographic, clinical, and laboratory data, including serum interleukin-1 beta (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α), and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) levels were assessed. Carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT) and carotid plaques were measured by carotid ultrasonography. Serum IL-1ß (P < .001), IL-6 (P < .001), TNF-α (P < .001), and hs-CRP (P < .001) levels were significantly higher in the patient group compared with the control group. Mean CIMT values did not differ significantly between the patient group and control group (P > .05). Patients with moderate to severe rosacea had a significantly greater CIMT than those with mild rosacea (P = .047). Rosacea patients with eye involvement had a significantly greater CIMT than those without eye involvement (P = .008). There was no significant correlation between CIMT values and inflammation parameters. As conclusion, in the absence of other traditional cardiovascular risk factors, rosacea does not seem to affect mean CIMT value. However, specific subgroups such as patients with moderate to severe disease or with eye involvement are associated with increased subclinical atherosclerosis and may require additional attention for cardiovascular disease prevention.

5.
Dermatol Ther ; : e14465, 2020 Oct 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33112028

RESUMO

Acquired perforating dermatosis (APD) is a group of a rare dermatological disorder characterized by elimination of dermal connective tissue through epidermis. We aimed to evaluate the characteristics of patients diagnosed with APD and to determine the differences in comorbidities according to subtypes of APD. A retrospective, observational, cross-sectional study was designed. Patients diagnosed with APD between January 2008 and January 2019 were reviewed. Eighty patients were included in the study. 61.2% (n = 49) of the patients were female and 38.8% (n = 31) were male with a mean age of 58.4 ± 12.5 years. 82.5% (n = 66) of the patients were diagnosed with reactive perforating collagenosis (RPC) and 17.5% (n = 14) of perforating folliculitis (PF). The most common concomitant disease was diabetes mellitus (82.5%). 5.0% of the patients had malignancy. The comorbidity rate in RPC group was higher than PF (P < .05). Topical steroid was the most frequently (90.0%) used treatment. Complete response was obtained 55.0% of patients. Exitus was observed in 23.8% (n = 19) of patients in a mean 17.6 ± 25.7 months follow-up period. APD may be associated with many diseases. Comorbidities are more frequent in RPC group. This situation warns us to evaluate patients with RPC in more detail for underlying diseases. High mortality rate related to the underlying systemic diseases suggests being careful in terms of mortality in patients diagnosed with APD.

7.
Clin Dermatol ; 38(2): 140-151, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32513395

RESUMO

Cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL) is called "the great imitator," because it can mimic almost all types of dermatoses. This similarity may sometimes lead to misdiagnosis, resulting in inappropriate treatment and morbidities. Atypical forms occur due to the interaction between parasitic factors and the host immune response. Secondary infection or mistreatment of CL can also alter the natural course, resulting in bizarre and misdiagnosed cases. Atypical leishmaniasis should be considered in longstanding and painless lesions that may simulate erysipelas, dermatitis, verruca, herpes zoster, paronychia, and sporotrichosis. Less commonly, sarcoidosis, deep mycosis, basal and squamous cell carcinoma, cutaneous lymphoma, or pseudolymphomalike lesions may need to be considered in the differential diagnosis. A high index of suspicion is required to consider a diagnosis of CL, especially in nonendemic or newly endemic regions. Smear, histopathologic examination, culture, and polymerase chain reaction serve as important tools to differentiate CL from its clinical and histologic look-alikes. CL is discussed from various perspectives, with emphasis on CL and its broad differential diagnosis.


Assuntos
Leishmaniose Cutânea/diagnóstico , Leishmaniose Cutânea/patologia , Pele/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Erros de Diagnóstico , Técnicas e Procedimentos Diagnósticos , Humanos , Leishmania/genética , Leishmania/isolamento & purificação , Leishmaniose Cutânea/epidemiologia , Leishmaniose Cutânea/parasitologia , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
8.
Dermatol Ther ; 33(4): e13669, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32459383

RESUMO

Oral isotretinoin is frequently used in the treatment of young acne patients. However, knowledge levels and attitudes about this treatment have not been studied in the parents previously. We aimed to investigate the knowledge levels and concerns about oral isotretinoin in the parents of adolescent acne patients. We conducted a cross-sectional study on 136 parents of adolescent patients with moderate to very severe acne vulgaris who answered the questionnaire about oral isotretinoin treatment. Demographic data and acne characteristics were recorded. The parents' knowledge levels and concerns about the treatment process were asked by the questionnaire. Since 32 parents have never heard oral isotretinoin before, they were excluded from the study. Of the remaining 104 parents, 80.8% were female and 19.2% were male. Of the parents, 62.5% had some concerns about oral isotretinoin treatment and 34.6% had no idea whether the drug is suitable for the use of <18 years. 52.9% stated that they think the drug will damage the liver. The most known and worrying side effects were dry lips and vision problems, respectively. The knowledge levels about oral isotretinoin treatment and its side effects were low in the parents of adolescent acne patients, leading to prejudice to the drug.

11.
Acta Dermatovenerol Croat ; 27(2): 75-80, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31351500

RESUMO

Actinic keratoses have variants that differ clinically and pathologically. Proliferative actinic keratoses (PAK) are known to be resistant against standard therapies and to create a tendency for the development of invasive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). This study retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 50 patients with 51 PAK lesions. Fifty patients (40 male, 10 female) with a mean age of 68.5 were included in the study. Thirty-two (63%) PAK lesions were clinically selected for total excision but only 27 of them could be totally excised. Among the excised lesions, 13 were reported to be PAK, 13 were SCC, and 1 was keratoacanthoma. There was no significant difference between the PAK and SCC groups. Overall, the groups with excised and unexcised lesions were statistically similar with respect to age, sex, lesion duration, localization, size, and surface features, but induration was more common in the SCC group. The mean follow-up time was 19.7 and 17.0 months in the PAK and SCC group, respectively. In conclusion, 25% (13/51) of lesions diagnosed as PAK were invasive SCC, which is of clinical and histopathological significance. Our results suggest that the definition of PAK should be histopathologically revised and that total excisional biopsy instead of punch biopsy should be considered, especially for lesions with a proliferative appearance.


Assuntos
Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/patologia , Ceratose Actínica/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Idoso , Carcinoma de Células Escamosas/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Ceratose Actínica/cirurgia , Masculino , Invasividade Neoplásica , Estudos Retrospectivos , Neoplasias Cutâneas/cirurgia
12.
Mol Imaging Radionucl Ther ; 28(2): 79-82, 2019 Jun 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31237139

RESUMO

Dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (DEB) is a rare, inherited skin fragility disorder characterized by blister formation in the sublamina densa. DEB is associated with aggressive squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) that has increased risk of metastases and poor prognosis. A 41-year-old woman with DEB underwent 18F-fluoro-2-deoxy-glucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/BT). PET/CT showed increased 18F-FDG uptakes in multifocal cutaneous lesions in both lower extremities. The patient was diagnosed with SCC via skin biopsy from the left lateral lower thigh. Ten months later, PET/CT showed increased FDG uptakes in the primary tumor area as well as the left inguinal and left supraclavicular lymph node regions. 18F-FDG PET/CT seems to be useful for re-staging and planning appropriate therapeutic strategy in DEB-patients with SCC.

13.
Indian J Dermatol ; 64(2): 155-157, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30983615

RESUMO

Coexistence of two types of malignant neoplasms, called 'a collision tumor,' is relatively uncommon. Basal cell carcinomas (BCCs) are known to coexist with other cutaneous lesions, but the collision of BCC with malignant melanoma is rare. We report a rare case of BCC with underlying lentigo maligna melanoma, focusing on dermoscopic and reflectance confocal microscopic (RCM) findings and their correlation with histopathology. RCM and dermoscopy seem to offer important clues to increase clinical suspicion of collision tumors and improve clinical diagnosis.

14.
Dermatol Online J ; 25(2)2019 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30865409

RESUMO

Angiolipoma, a subtype of lipoma, is a benign adypocytic soft tissue tumor composed of mature adipose tissue and small vascular proliferations. This entity makes up 5-17% of all lipomas. The diagnosis is made by clinical and pathological examination, ultrasonography, and/or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). It is generally an encapsulated tumor (noninfiltrative), but rarely has an infiltrative form. Angiolipoma mostly occurs on the trunk and extremities with male predominance. The forearm is the most frequent location for angiolipomas. It is very rarely seen on the fingers. Herein, we report a patient with solitary noninfiltrating angiolipoma on a finger. The patient was treated with surgical excision and no recurrence has been noted over one year of observation.


Assuntos
Angiolipoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Angiolipoma/patologia , Neoplasias Cutâneas/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Dedos , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Ultrassonografia
15.
Postepy Dermatol Alergol ; 36(6): 722-726, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31998001

RESUMO

Introduction: The effectiveness of topical tacrolimus in the treatment of oral and genital lichen planus has been verified in many randomized studies; however, there are only few case reports in treatment of cutaneous lichen planus (CLP). Aim: We sought to compare the safety and efficacy of topical clobetasol propionate and tacrolimus ointment in the treatment of CLP. Material and methods: Retrospective analysis of patient files was performed. We enrolled patients who were diagnosed with CLP and treated with topical tacrolimus 0.1% or topical clobetasol propionate 0.05%. Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) scores of pigmentation and pruritus, clinical response, laboratory data and adverse effects were obtained from medical records. Results: A total of 27 patients were included in the clobetasol group and 23 patients in the tacrolimus group. Both groups showed an improvement in VAS scores regarding pruritus and pigmentation but a statistically significant difference was observed in the clobetasol group (p< 0.05). At week 12, a complete response was observed in 63% (n = 17) of the clobetasol and 26% (n = 6) of the tacrolimus group. Conclusions: In our study, both treatments were found effective in the treatment of CLP but clobetasol propionate was more effective. However tacrolimus may be preferred before topical corticosteroids for lesions on the face, neck, and intertriginous regions of the body, which are sensitive to the cutaneous adverse effects of topical corticosteroids. Our study may be one of the first studies to compare the effects of topical clobetasol and tacrolimus ointment in the management of CLP.

18.
An. bras. dermatol ; 93(5): 651-658, Sept.-Oct. 2018. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-949955

RESUMO

Abstract: Background: Androgenetic alopecia is one of the most common forms of hair loss. Alopecia areata is a common autoimmune disorder which causes hair loss. It has been previously reported that both alopecia disorders can have negative effects on quality of life. However, only a few studies have compared the effects of the two disorders. Objective: The aim is to show the impact of alopecia on patients' quality of life and compare patients with androgenetic alopecia and alopecia areata. Methods: 82 androgenetic alopecia and 56 alopecia areata patients were recruited. All patients were evaluated with the Hairdex scale and dermatology quality of life instrument in Turkish (TQL), and the scores were statistically compared according to age, sex, employment and education status, and severity of illness in the two groups. Also, female patients were statistically evaluated according to whether they wore headscarves. Results: Androgenetic alopecia patients had significantly higher total Hairdex scores in terms of emotions, functioning, and symptoms, while self-confidence was significantly higher in the alopecia areata patients. No significant differences were found in stigmatization or TQL scores between groups. The Hairdex scale and TQL scores did not show differences between the groups in terms of wearing headscarves. Study limitations: The validity and reliability of the Hairdex index have not been established in Turkey. Conclusions: Based on the Hairdex scale, our findings revealed that androgenetic alopecia patients are more affected by their disorder than alopecia areata patients. Although androgenetic alopecia is common and neither life-threatening nor painful, it is a stressful disorder with increased need for improvement in the patient's quality of life.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Adolescente , Adulto , Adulto Jovem , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Alopecia/psicologia , Alopecia em Áreas/psicologia , Autoimagem , Turquia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Inquéritos e Questionários , Distribuição por Sexo
19.
An Bras Dermatol ; 93(5): 651-658, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30156613

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Androgenetic alopecia is one of the most common forms of hair loss. Alopecia areata is a common autoimmune disorder which causes hair loss. It has been previously reported that both alopecia disorders can have negative effects on quality of life. However, only a few studies have compared the effects of the two disorders. OBJECTIVE: The aim is to show the impact of alopecia on patients' quality of life and compare patients with androgenetic alopecia and alopecia areata. METHODS: 82 androgenetic alopecia and 56 alopecia areata patients were recruited. All patients were evaluated with the Hairdex scale and dermatology quality of life instrument in Turkish (TQL), and the scores were statistically compared according to age, sex, employment and education status, and severity of illness in the two groups. Also, female patients were statistically evaluated according to whether they wore headscarves. RESULTS: Androgenetic alopecia patients had significantly higher total Hairdex scores in terms of emotions, functioning, and symptoms, while self-confidence was significantly higher in the alopecia areata patients. No significant differences were found in stigmatization or TQL scores between groups. The Hairdex scale and TQL scores did not show differences between the groups in terms of wearing headscarves. STUDY LIMITATIONS: The validity and reliability of the Hairdex index have not been established in Turkey. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the Hairdex scale, our findings revealed that androgenetic alopecia patients are more affected by their disorder than alopecia areata patients. Although androgenetic alopecia is common and neither life-threatening nor painful, it is a stressful disorder with increased need for improvement in the patient's quality of life.


Assuntos
Alopecia em Áreas/psicologia , Alopecia/psicologia , Qualidade de Vida/psicologia , Adolescente , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Autoimagem , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Distribuição por Sexo , Inquéritos e Questionários , Turquia , Adulto Jovem
20.
Arch Dermatol Res ; 310(9): 759-767, 2018 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30151656

RESUMO

The relationships of demodex density with systemic oxidative stress, inflammatory response, and clinical severity in rosacea are not clear. This study aimed to (a) analyze the levels of systemic oxidative stress, antioxidant capacity, inflammatory parameters, and matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in systemic circulation in patients with rosacea, (b) identify the relationship between mite density and both oxidative stress and inflammation, and (c) investigate the role of photoaging and sebum secretion in etiopathogenesis. Forty patients with rosacea and 40 age-, sex-, and skin phenotype-matched healthy volunteers were included in the study. Clinical disease severity of the patients was determined. Sebum levels were measured in both the groups, and photoaging was evaluated. Reflectance confocal microscopy was used to calculate demodex density. Serum total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidant capacity (TOC), myeloperoxidase (MPO), MMP-1, MMP-9, arylesterase (ARES), interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), paraoxonase-1 (PON-1), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels were also analyzed. The patients with rosacea had significantly higher serum TOC and lower TAC levels (p < 0.001). The serum ARES and PON-1 levels were significantly lower (p = 0.045 and p < 0.001, respectively); however, the serum levels of MMP-1, MMP-9, IL-1ß and MPO were higher in the patient group. Demodex parameters were higher in the patient group compared to the control group. There was no significant correlation between the number of mites and disease severity. In addition, the number of mites was not correlated with the serum levels of TAC, TOC, OSI, MPO, MMP-1, MMP-9, ARES, PON-1, TNF-α, and IL-1ß. However, sebum levels were directly proportional to the number of mites. Photoaging severity was similar between the patients and control subjects. The changing sebaceous microenvironment in rosacea leads to an increase in the number of demodex mites. However, increased demodex density does not alter disease severity, level of oxidative stress, or inflammation. Although none of the patients with rosacea had any underlying systemic disease, patients' systemic oxidative stress and inflammation parameters were found high in systemic circulation. It is assumed that the patients with rosacea are more prone to systemic diseases.


Assuntos
Inflamação/complicações , Ácaros , Estresse Oxidativo , Rosácea/etiologia , Adulto , Animais , Arildialquilfosfatase/sangue , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Citocinas/sangue , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Microscopia Confocal , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Rosácea/imunologia , Rosácea/metabolismo , Sebo/metabolismo , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Envelhecimento da Pele
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