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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32383030

RESUMO

The antioxidant and cardioprotective effects of oleuropein have been reported in several studies; however, its effect on ketamine cardiotoxicity has not been known yet. The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of oleuropein in ketamine-induced cardiotoxicity model in rats. A total of 28 male Wistar Albino rats were included in the study and they were randomly divided into four groups, each having seven rats. Group 1 (control): rats were given 1 mL of DMSO by oral gavage method for 7 days. Group 2 (ketamine): on the seventh day of the study, 60 mg/kg ketamine was administered intraperitoneally. Then, 60 mg/kg ketamine was administered intraperitoneally every 10 min for 3 h. Group 3 (oleuropein): rats were given 200 mg/kg/day oleuropein by oral gavage method for 7 days. Group 4 (oleuropein + ketamine): rats were given 1 × 200 mg/kg oleuropein by oral gavage method for 7 days. Furthermore, 60 mg/kg ketamine was administered intraperitoneally on the seventh day of the experiment. Then, 60 mg/kg ketamine was administered intraperitoneally every 10 min for 3 h. Serum cardiac marker (TnI, CK-MB and CK) levels were measured. Histopathological analysis was performed on a portion of the cardiac tissue. Cardiac tissue oxidative stress and antioxidant markers (MDA, GSH, GSH.Px and CAT), TNF-α, IL-6, NF-κB, COX-2 and Nrf-2 gene expressions, and protein conversion levels of related genes were determined. Data obtained showed that ketamine administration increased MDA (p < 0.001), TNF-α (p < 0.01), IL-6 (p < 0.01), COX-2 (p < 0.001) and NF-κB (p < 0.001) levels, as well as serum TnI (p < 0.001), CK-MB (p < 0.001) and CK (p < 0.01) levels whereas decreased GSH (p < 0.05) and Nrf-2 (p < 0.05) levels, as well as GSH-Px (p < 0.001) and CAT (p < 0.05) enzyme activities. Oleuropein administration was observed to decrease MDA, TNF-α, IL-6, COX-2, NF-κB, TnI, CK-MB and CK levels close to the control group and to increase GSH levels and GSH-Px and CAT enzyme activities close to the control group. This study showed that oleuropein administration reversed the increased oxidative stress and inflammation as a result of the use of ketamine and had protective effects on the heart.

2.
Inflammation ; 43(1): 336-346, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31705353

RESUMO

Ischemia-reperfusion injury is an organ failure caused by hypoxia and reperfusion, which is closely associated with oxidative stress and inflammation. In this study, we investigated whether nobiletin had protective effects on inflammatory parameters, oxidative damage, iNOS-eNOS expressions, and histopathological structure of renal tissue in rats with renal ischemia-reperfusion injury. For this purpose, 24 rats were divided into 4 groups: group 1 (Control), group 2 (Ischemia-Reperfusion-IR), group 3 (Nobiletin-10 mg/kg p.o.), group 4 (Nobiletin + IR). The study was continued for 7 days. At the end of the study, urea (p < 0.05), creatine (p < 0.05), MDA (p < 0.001), TNF-alpha (p < 0.001), IL-1 beta (p < 0.05), and IL-6 (p < 0.001) levels increased in the IR group; however, a significant decrease occurred in group 4 (Nobiletin + IR) and it reached the control group levels. In the IR group, GSH (p < 0.01) levels, and GSH.Px (p < 0.01) and CAT (p < 0.05) activities decreased whereas they increased significantly in group 4 (Nobiletin + IR) and reached the same levels as the control group. In histopathological analyses, destruction and increased iNOS-eNOS expressions in the IR group showed a significant decrease in group 4 (Nobiletin + IR). As a result, the application of nobiletin has shown that it has protective effects by reducing kidney damage caused by IR injury.

3.
Andrologia ; 52(2): e13499, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31828839

RESUMO

Aluminium is a ubiquitous element that occurs naturally in the soil making human exposure to it is unavoidable. Tyrosol is present in olive oil and is known to have antioxidant effects. Therefore, the present study explores the toxic effects of aluminium chloride (AlCl3 ) and evaluates the possible protection by tyrosol in male rats. Testicular injury was induced by the administration of AlCl3 (34 mg kg-1  day-1 ). Rats were treated with either tyrosol (20 mg kg-1 day-1 ) or AlCl3 (34 mg kg-1 day-1 ). The experiment lasted for 10 weeks. Biochemical, histopathological and protein expression profiles were determined to decipher the role of tyrosol in protecting the cellular damage. Further, histomorphometric analyses of testes showed deranged architecture along with other noted abnormalities. AlCl3 group rats' testes showed decreased GSH levels, CAT activities, Nrf-2, HO-1, bcl-2 expressions and sperm motility whereas increased caspase-3 expressions, MDA levels, abnormal and dead/live sperm ratio. However, tyrosol treatment attenuated these changes. The present results demonstrate the beneficial role of tyrosol treatment in AlCl3 induced testicular toxicity alterations of rat.

4.
J Biochem Mol Toxicol ; 34(2): e22427, 2020 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31777137

RESUMO

The study aimed to examine the effects of nobiletin on the toxicity model induced with acetaminophen (APAP). For this purpose, 24 adult male rats were equally divided into four groups. The groups were the control group (group 1); dimethyl sulfoxide only, the APAP group (group 2) received a single dose of APAP 1000 mg/kg on the 10th day of experiment; the Nobiletin group (group 3), nobiletin (10 mg/kg) for 10 days; and the APAP + Nobiletin group (group 4), nobiletin (10 mg/kg) for 10 days with a single dose of APAP (1000 mg/kg) administered on the 10th day and the experiment ended after 48 hours. At the end of the study, a significant increase in malondialdehyde, interleukin-1ß (IL-1ß), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) levels and a significant decrease in glutathione levels, glutathione peroxidase activities and nuclear factor erythroid-derived 2-like 2 (Nrf-2) and heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) expressions were observed with APAP application in liver and kidney tissues. Serum aspartate transaminase (AST), alanine transaminase (ALT), urea, and creatinine levels were also significantly increased in the APAP group. However, nobiletin treatment in group 4 reversed oxidative stress and inflammatory and histopathological signs caused by APAP. It is concluded that nobiletin may be a beneficial substance that confers hepatorenal protection to APAP-induced toxicity via antioxidant and anti-inflammatory mechanisms.


Assuntos
Acetaminofen/efeitos adversos , Acetaminofen/farmacologia , Anti-Inflamatórios/farmacologia , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Flavonas/farmacologia , Rim/efeitos dos fármacos , Fígado/efeitos dos fármacos , Alanina Transaminase/sangue , Animais , Anti-Inflamatórios/uso terapêutico , Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Aspartato Aminotransferases/sangue , Doença Hepática Induzida por Substâncias e Drogas/tratamento farmacológico , Creatinina/sangue , Citocinas/metabolismo , Flavonas/uso terapêutico , Glutationa/metabolismo , Glutationa Peroxidase/metabolismo , Heme Oxigenase (Desciclizante)/metabolismo , Rim/metabolismo , Rim/patologia , Fígado/metabolismo , Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Fator 2 Relacionado a NF-E2/metabolismo , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Ureia/sangue
5.
6.
Inflammation ; 42(5): 1680-1691, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31115770

RESUMO

In this study, the effects of tyrosol were investigated in DSS-induced experimental ulcerative colitis model. For this purpose, rats were divided into five groups of seven rats in each: control group, colitis group (DSS-4%), tyrosol group (tyrosol 20 mg/kg), sulfasalazine (sulfasalazine+DSS 100 mg/kg), and treatment group (tyrosol+DSS 20 mg/kg). In the study, the active substances were administered to all animals for a period of 21 days. At the end of the study, malondialdehyde (MDA) levels increased (p < 0.001); GSH level (p < 0.05) along with GSH.Px (p < 0.01) and CAT (p < 0.001) activities decreased in the DSS-induced colitis group. However, with the administration of tyrosol, MDA and GSH levels along with GSH.Px and CAT activities came to the same levels as the control group. In the colitis group, an increase occurred in IL-6, COX-2, and NF-κB parameters, which created a significant difference compared to the control group (p < 0.001). Similarly, TNF-α levels also significantly increased with the administration of DSS (p < 0.05) which created a significant difference compared to the control group, while there was no difference among the other groups. As for the Nrf-2 data, it decreased with the administration of DSS which created a significant difference compared to the control group (p < 0.05), while there was no difference in other groups. In the colitis-induced group, IL-6, COX-2, and NF-κB gene expression levels also similarly increased but returned to the normal levels with the administration of tyrosol. In the histopathological scoring, the negativity that increased with the administration of DSS returned to the normal levels with the administration of tyrosol+DSS. In conclusion, according to the data obtained, tyrosol fixed the destruction picture in the DSS-induced colitis model, giving rise to thought that it has a protective effect.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/uso terapêutico , Colite Ulcerativa/tratamento farmacológico , Álcool Feniletílico/análogos & derivados , Substâncias Protetoras/uso terapêutico , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Colite Ulcerativa/induzido quimicamente , Ciclo-Oxigenase 2/metabolismo , Sulfato de Dextrana , Glutationa/efeitos dos fármacos , Glutationa/metabolismo , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , NF-kappa B/metabolismo , Álcool Feniletílico/farmacologia , Álcool Feniletílico/uso terapêutico , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Ratos , Fator de Necrose Tumoral alfa/metabolismo
7.
Int J Vitam Nutr Res ; : 1-7, 2019 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30932786

RESUMO

This study aimed to investigate and compare hepatoprotective activity of Coriandrum sativum (Cs) and it is major component linalool (Ln) against experimentally induced hepatotoxicity in rats. Essential oil of Cs was isolated by hydrodistillation method and chemical composition was determined by GS-MS analysis. 42 male Wistar Albino rats were divited into 7 groups each containing 6. The experimental groups were designed as: Normal control group, 1 ml/kg CCl4 administirated group, 25 mg/kg Silymarin and CCl4 administirated group, 100 and 200 mg/kg Cs and CCl4 administirated groups, 100 and 200 mg/kg Ln and CCl4 administered groups. The protective activities were determined according to the results of liver biomarkers (AST, ALT, ALP), antioxidant parameters (GSH, GPx, CAT), lipid peroxidation (MDA) and histopathological examination. Linalool percentage of Cs was 81.6%. The groups treated with linalool (100 and 200 mg/kg) (p < 0.01) and coriander (200 mg/kg) (p < 0.05) had significantly reduced AST (262-375) and ALT (101-290) levels (U/L) compared to the CCl4 (600-622) group. The levels (nmol/g protein) of MDA (11-12) were significantly lower (p < 0.01), the levels of GSH (11-12) and the activities of CAT (23-24) were significantly higher (p < 0.01) in linalool groups (100 and 200 mg/kg) compared to the CCl4 (18-5-10 respectively) group. These results were also supported by histopathological findings and indicate that Cs and Ln shows hepatoprotective activity against liver damage. In this regard, evaluation of activities of major components are needed to compare to medicinal plants in experimental diseases models.

8.
Arch Physiol Biochem ; 125(5): 396-403, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29799283

RESUMO

In this study, we have investigated the effects of different doses of thymol (T) and carvacrol (C) on sperm quality oxidative stress and antioxidant system. For this purpose, 49 rats were divided into seven groups (7 rats in each group): 1st Group (control); 2nd Group T-10 (thymol 10 mg/kg), 3rd Group T-20 (thymol 20 mg/kg), 4th Group C-10 (carvacrol 10 mg/kg), 5th Group C-20 (carvacrol 20 mg/kg), 6th Group T + C-10 (thymol 10 mg/kg + carvacrol 10 mg/kg) and 7th Group T + C-20 (thymol 20 mg/kg + carvacrol 20 mg/kg). The duration of the experiment was 10 weeks for all animals. During the study, sperm quality parameters (motility, concentration, abnormal spermatozoa and live-dead sperm ratio), biochemical parameters [malondialdehyde (MDA), reduced glutathione(GSH), glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px), catalase (CAT), AST, ALT, GGT, urea and creatinine] were analysed, and histopathological examination was performed. The study results showed that monotherapies of thymol and carvacrol significantly decreased MDA levels in testicles, liver and kidney tissues compared to the control group (p < .001). GSH levels increased only with the thymol administration and GSH-Px and catalase activity increased only with the carvacrol administration compared to the control group (p < .05). The combined administration of these two agents did not cause any significant change in any parameter. Regarding the sperm quality parameters, only the spermatozoa concentration and motility increased significantly in the thymol and carvacrol groups compared to the control group (p < .01). However, these parameters decreased in the 7th Group (T + C-20) compared to the control group (p < .001). Considering the dead sperm ratio decreased significantly in the 2nd (T-10), 3rd (T-20), 4th (C-10), 5th (C-20) and 6th Group (T + C-10) compared to the control group (p < .001). In respect of spermatozoon anomaly, there was a significant decrease in thymol and carvacrol monotherapy groups. The histopathological analysis of the testicle, liver and kidney tissues of the animals showed no difference between the groups. In conclusion, we have determined that thymol and carvacrol administration decreased the oxidative damage and increased the antioxidant levels and improved the sperm quality parameters. However, the combined use of these two active ingredients had a limited therapeutic effect on the mentioned parameters.


Assuntos
Antioxidantes/metabolismo , Monoterpenos/farmacologia , Oxidantes/metabolismo , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Timol/farmacologia , Animais , Cimenos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Masculino , Ratos , Espermatozoides/citologia
9.
Andrologia ; 50(8): e13057, 2018 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29862548

RESUMO

The purpose of this study was to determine the kisspeptin-10 (Kiss) administration on the damages in testicular oxidant-antioxidant system, reproductive organ weights and some spermatological characteristics resulted from methotrexate (MTX) exposure. Group 1 (n:6) received saline only; group 2 (n:6) received 50 nmol/kg kisspeptin-10 for 10 days; group 3 (n:10) received single-dose methotrexate 20 mg/kg; and group 4 (n:10) received MTX 20 mg/kg single dose and, after 3 days, received kisspeptin-10, 50 nmol/kg, lasted for 10 days by intraperitoneal injection. At the end of the study, malondialdehyde levels were found to have increased following the application of MTX while showing a significant reduction in group 4 with Kiss administration. With respect to the spermatological parameters, administering MTX decreased motility and increased the rates of abnormal spermatozoa in group 2, while improvements were observed in group 4 in the form of increased motility in the spermatozoa and fewer abnormal spermatozoa. In addition, Kiss treatment provided statistically significant increases in the absolute weight of the seminal vesicles and the relative weights of the right cauda epididymis and seminal vesicles resulting from MTX administration. MTX administration damaged some spermatological parameters and increased oxidative stress when compared to the control group. However, Kiss treatment was observed to mitigate these adverse effects as demonstrated by the improvements in coadministration of Kiss and MTX when compared to the MTX group. It is concluded that Kiss treatment may reduce MTX-induced reproductive toxicity as a potential antioxidant compound.


Assuntos
Antagonistas do Ácido Fólico/efeitos adversos , Infertilidade Masculina/prevenção & controle , Kisspeptinas/uso terapêutico , Metotrexato/efeitos adversos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Kisspeptinas/farmacologia , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos Wistar , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos
10.
Nutr Cancer ; 68(3): 481-94, 2016.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27008095

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate whether cinnamon bark oil (CBO) has protective effect on taxanes-induced adverse changes in sperm quality, testicular and epididymal oxidant/antioxidant balance, testicular apoptosis, and sperm DNA integrity. For this purpose, 88 adult male rats were equally divided into 8 groups: control, CBO, docetaxel (DTX), paclitaxel (PTX), DTX+PTX, DTX+CBO, PTX+CBO, and DTX+PTX+CBO. CBO was given by gavage daily for 10 weeks at the dose of 100 mg/kg. DTX and PTX were administered by intraperitoneal injection at the doses of 5 and 4 mg/kg/week, respectively, for 10 weeks. DTX+PTX and DTX+PTX+CBO groups were treated with DTX during first 5 weeks and PTX during next 5 weeks. DTX, PTX, and their mixed administrations caused significant decreases in absolute and relative weights of all reproductive organs, testosterone level, sperm motility, concentration, glutathione level, and catalase activity in testicular and epididymal tissues. They also significantly increased abnormal sperm rate, testicular and epididymal malondialdehyde level, apoptotic germ cell number, and sperm DNA fragmentation and significantly damaged the histological structure of testes. CBO consumption by DTX-, PTX-, and DTX+PTX-treated rats provided significant ameliorations in decreased relative weights of reproductive organs, decreased testosterone, decreased sperm quality, imbalanced oxidant/antioxidant system, increased apoptotic germ cell number, rate of sperm with fragmented DNA, and severity of testicular histopathological lesions induced by taxanes. In conclusion, taxanes cause impairments in sperm quality, testicular and epididymal oxidant/antioxidant balance, testicular histopathological structure, and sperm DNA integrity, and long-term CBO consumption protects male reproductive system of rats.


Assuntos
Epididimo/efeitos dos fármacos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Paclitaxel/efeitos adversos , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Taxoides/efeitos adversos , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Biomarcadores/metabolismo , Cinnamomum zeylanicum/química , Fragmentação do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Docetaxel , Epididimo/patologia , Masculino , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Substâncias Protetoras/farmacologia , Ratos Wistar , Espermatozoides/fisiologia , Testículo/patologia , Testosterona/sangue
11.
Toxicol Ind Health ; 32(1): 126-37, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24081635

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate whether pomegranate juice (PJ) consumption has an ameliorating effect on carbon tetrachloride (CCl4)-induced sperm damages and testicular apoptosis associated with the oxidative stress in male rats. The study comprised of four groups (groups 1-4). Group 1 received olive oil + distilled water daily; group 2 was treated with 5 ml/kg PJ + olive oil daily; group 3 was treated with 0.25 ml/kg CCl4 dissolved in olive oil, weekly + distilled water daily; and group 4 received weekly CCl4 + daily PJ. All administrations were performed by gavage and maintained for 10 weeks. CCl4 administration caused significant decreases in body and reproductive organ weights, sperm motility, concentration and testicular catalase activity, significant increases in malondialdehyde (MDA) level, and abnormal sperm rate and apoptotic index along with some histopathological damages when compared with the control group. However, significant ameliorations were observed in absolute weights of testis and epididymis, all sperm quality parameters, MDA level, apoptotic index, and testicular histopathological structure following the administration of CCl4 together with PJ when compared with group given CCl4 only. In conclusion, PJ consumption ameliorates the CCl4-induced damages in male reproductive organs and cells by decreasing the lipid peroxidation.


Assuntos
Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Tetracloreto de Carbono/toxicidade , Sucos de Frutas e Vegetais , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Lythraceae/química , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Epididimo/efeitos dos fármacos , Masculino , Malondialdeído/metabolismo , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Estresse Oxidativo/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/metabolismo
12.
Anim Reprod Sci ; 164: 133-43, 2016 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26656503

RESUMO

Supplementation of natural antioxidants to diets of male poultry has been reported to be effective in reducing or completely eliminating heat stress (HS)-induced reproductive failures. In this study, the aim is to investigate whether rosemary oil (RO) has a protective effect on HS-induced damage in spermatozoa production, testicular histologic structures, apoptosis, and androgenic receptor (AR) through lipid peroxidation mechanisms in growing Japanese quail. Male chicks (n=90) at 15-days of age were assigned to two groups. The first group (n=45) was kept in a thermo-neutral (TN) room at 22°C for 24h/d. The second group (n=45) was kept in a room with a greater ambient temperature of 34°C for 8h/d (from 9:00 AM to 5:00 PM) and 22°C for 16h/d. Animals in each of these two groups were randomly assigned to three subgroups (RO groups: 0, 125, 250ppm), consisting of 15 chicks (six treatment groups in 2×3 factorial design). Each of subgroups was replicated three times with each replicate including five chicks. The HS treatment significantly reduced the testicular spermatogenic cell counts, amount of testicular Bcl-2 (anti-apoptotic marker) and amount of AR. In addition, it significantly increased testicular lipid peroxidation, Bax (apoptotic marker) immunopositive staining, and the Bax/Bcl-2 ratio in conjunction with some histopathologic damage. Dietary supplementation of RO to diets of quail where the HS treatment was imposed alleviated HS-induced almost all negative changes such as increased testicular lipid peroxidation, decreased numbers of spermatogenic cells, and decreased amounts of Bcl-2 and AR, increased ratio of Bax/Bcl-2 and some testicular histopathologic lesion. In conclusion, dietary supplementation of RO for growing male Japanese quail reared in HS environmental conditions alleviates the HS-induced structural and functional damage by providing a decrease in lipid peroxidation.


Assuntos
Transtornos de Estresse por Calor/veterinária , Peroxidação de Lipídeos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Codorniz , Testículo/fisiologia , Ração Animal/análise , Fenômenos Fisiológicos da Nutrição Animal , Animais , Antioxidantes/administração & dosagem , Antioxidantes/farmacologia , Dieta/veterinária , Suplementos Nutricionais , Transtornos de Estresse por Calor/prevenção & controle , Masculino , Óleos Voláteis/administração & dosagem
13.
Theriogenology ; 84(3): 365-76, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25913274

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of cinnamon bark oil (CBO) on heat stress (HS)-induced changes in sperm production, testicular lipid peroxidation, testicular apoptosis, and androgenic receptor (AR) density in developing Japanese quails. Fifteen-day-old 90 male chicks were assigned to two main groups. The first group (45 chicks) was kept in a thermoneutral room at 22 °C for 24 h/day. The second group (45 chicks) was kept in a room with high ambient temperature at 34 °C for 8 h/day (from 9 AM-5 PM) and at 22 °C for 16 h/day. Each of these two main groups was then divided into three subgroups (CBO groups 0, 250, 500 ppm) consisting of 15 chicks (six treatment groups in 2 × 3 factorial order). Each of subgroups was replicated for three times and each replicate included five chicks. Heat stress caused significant decreases in body weight, spermatid and testicular sperm numbers, the density of testicular Bcl-2 (antiapoptotic marker) and AR immunopositivity, and significant increases in testicular lipid peroxidation level, the density of testicular Bax (apoptotic marker) immunopositivity, and a Bax/Bcl-2 ratio along with some histopathologic damages. However, 250 and 500 ppm CBO supplementation provided significant improvements in HS-induced increased level of testicular lipid peroxidation, decreased number of spermatid and testicular sperm, decreased densities of Bcl-2 and AR immunopositivity, and some deteriorated testicular histopathologic lesions. In addition, although HS did not significantly affect the testicular glutathione level, addition of both 250 and 500 ppm CBO to diet of quails reared in both HS and thermoneutral conditions caused a significant increase when compared with quails without any consumption of CBO. In conclusion, HS-induced lipid peroxidation causes testicular damage in developing male Japanese quails and, consumption of CBO, which has antiperoxidative effect, protects their testes against HS.


Assuntos
Coturnix/fisiologia , Resposta ao Choque Térmico/efeitos dos fármacos , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/efeitos dos fármacos , Óleos Voláteis/farmacologia , Receptores Androgênicos/metabolismo , Espermatogênese/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Coturnix/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Coturnix/metabolismo , Masculino , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Contagem de Espermatozoides , Testículo/metabolismo , Testículo/patologia
14.
J Environ Sci Health B ; 47(5): 434-44, 2012.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22424069

RESUMO

In the current study it was aimed to investigate the toxicity of low doses of imidacloprid (IMI) on the reproductive organ systems of adult male rats. The treatment groups received 0.5 (IMI-0.5), 2 (IMI-2) or 8 mg IMI/kg body weight by oral gavage (IMI-8) for three months. The deterioration in sperm motility in IMI-8 group and epidydimal sperm concentration in IMI-2 and IMI-8 groups and abnormality in sperm morphology in IMI-8 were significant. The levels of testosterone (T) and GSH decreased significantly in group IMI-8 compared to the control group. Upon treatment with IMI, apoptotic index increased significantly only in germ cells of the seminiferous tubules of IMI-8 group when compared to control. Fragmentation was striking in the seminal DNA from the IMI-8 group, but it was much less obvious in the IMI-2 one. IMI exposure resulted in elevation of all fatty acids analyzed, but the increases were significant only in stearic, oleic, linoleic and arachidonic acids. The ratios of 20:4/20:3 and 20:4/18:2 were decreased and 16:1n-9/16:0 ratio was increased. In conclusion, the present animal experiments revealed that the treatment with IMI at NOAEL dose-levels caused deterioration in sperm parameters, decreased T level, increased apoptosis of germ cells, seminal DNA fragmentation, the depletion of antioxidants and change in disturbance of fatty acid composition. All these changes indicate the suppression of testicular function.


Assuntos
Exposição Ambiental , Imidazóis/toxicidade , Nitrocompostos/toxicidade , Praguicidas/toxicidade , Espermatozoides/efeitos dos fármacos , Testículo/efeitos dos fármacos , Adulto , Animais , Fragmentação do DNA/efeitos dos fármacos , Humanos , Masculino , Neonicotinoides , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Ratos , Ratos Wistar , Motilidade Espermática/efeitos dos fármacos , Espermatozoides/citologia , Espermatozoides/metabolismo , Testículo/citologia , Testículo/crescimento & desenvolvimento , Testículo/metabolismo , Testosterona/metabolismo
15.
Biol Trace Elem Res ; 143(2): 1018-30, 2011 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-21120707

RESUMO

Conditions in which glucose metabolism is impaired due to insulin resistance are associated with memory impairment. It was hypothesized that supplemental chromium (Cr) may alleviate insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes and consequently improve memory acquisition, depending upon its source and level. In a complete randomized design experiment, male Wistar rats (n=60; weighing 200-220 g) were fed either normal (8%, normal diet (ND)) or high-fat (40%, high-fat diet (HFD)) diet and supplemented with Cr as either chromium-glycinate (CrGly) or chromium-acetate (CrAc) at doses of 0, 40, or 80 µg/kg body weight (BW) via drinking water from 8 to 20 weeks of age. Feeding HFD induced type 2 diabetes, as reflected by greater glucose/insulin ratio (2.98 vs. 2.74) comparing to feeding ND. Moreover, HFD rats had greater BW (314 vs. 279 g) and less serum (53 vs. 68 µg/L) and brain (14 vs. 24 ng/g) Cr concentrations than ND rats. High-fat diet caused a 32% reduction in expressions of glucose transporters 1 and 3 (GLUTs) in brain tissue and a 27% reduction in mean percentage time spent in the target quadrant and a 38% increase in spatial memory acquisition phase (SMAP) compared with ND. Compared with supplemental Cr as CrAc, CrGly was more effective to ameliorate response variables (i.e., restoration of tissue Cr concentration, enhancement of cerebral GLUTs expressions, and reduction of the glucose/insulin ratio and SMAP) in a dose-response manner, especially in rats fed HFD. Supplemental Cr as CrGly may have therapeutic potential to enhance insulin action and alleviate memory acquisition in a dose-dependent manner, through restoring tissue Cr reserve and enhancing cerebral GLUTs expressions.


Assuntos
Metabolismo dos Carboidratos/efeitos dos fármacos , Compostos de Cromo/farmacologia , Cromo/farmacologia , Glucose/metabolismo , Memória/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Cromo/sangue , Cromo/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/induzido quimicamente , Dieta Hiperlipídica/efeitos adversos , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 1/metabolismo , Transportador de Glucose Tipo 3/metabolismo , Masculino , Ratos , Ratos Wistar
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