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1.
Clinics (Sao Paulo) ; 76: e2840, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33909828

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Arthrocentesis is the simplest surgical intervention for the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). It can be performed on an outpatient basis at a low cost and with low morbidity. The objective is to release the articular disc by disrupting the adhesion formed between its surfaces and the mandibular fossa through hydraulic pressure generated by irrigation of the upper compartment of the TMJ. Viscosupplementation with hyaluronic acid during or after arthrocentesis improves clinical outcomes, increases mouth opening, and reduces pain levels. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of arthrocentesis plus hyaluronic acid viscosupplementation through clinical examination and preoperative magnetic resonance imaging in patients with unilateral disc displacement without reduction (DDwoR). METHODS: This analytical retrospective cross-sectional study clinically and radiologically evaluated 72 patients of both sexes with unilateral DDwoR. The following data were collected: sex, pain, age, duration of pain, maximum mouth opening, and patient pain perception on a visual analog scale. TMJ arthrocentesis was performed only once for each of the indicated joints. Data were collected before arthrocentesis (baseline) and at 7, 14, 30, 60, 90, and 180 days after the procedure (final evaluation). RESULTS: Between the baseline and final evaluation, there was a significant reduction in pain (p=0.001) and restoration of articular function. In addition, there was a significant increase in maximum mouth opening (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: Patients with DDwoR undergoing arthrocentesis combined with hyaluronic acid injection showed significant improvement in the perceived pain and maximum mouth opening in the mid-term follow-up periods.


Assuntos
Luxações Articulares , Viscossuplementação , Artrocentese , Estudos Transversais , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Disco da Articulação Temporomandibular , Resultado do Tratamento
3.
BrJP ; 4(1): 72-76, Jan.-Mar. 2021. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249126

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Temporomandibular disorder is considered to be a set of clinical manifestations that affect the masticatory muscles, the temporomandibular joint and adjacent structures, whose signs and symptoms can negatively impact the quality of life of their patients. A population group in which the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder has increased in recent years is that of athletes. The aim of the present study was to conduct an integrative literature review to verify the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders in athletes, as well as factors related to their predisposition. CONTENTS: The searches were performed in the Medline, LILACS and Scielo databases, using the descriptors "temporomandibular joint", "athletic injuries" and "temporomandibular disease". Inclusion criteria were researches derived from primary data regardless of design, which was the target audience of athletes and that addressed the presence of temporomandibular joint or muscle dysfunction. Ten studies were selected and included in the review. The results obtained with the analysis of these articles showed that athletes are subject to temporomandibular disorders not only due to injuries suffered during competitions, but also due to factors associated with stress and the use of specific devices for sports practice. CONCLUSION: The occurrence of temporomandibular disorders is common among athletes, but can be avoided with the use of preventive measures and conservative treatments. Dental monitoring is essential for these professionals to perform well, preventing the occurrence of temporomandibular disorders or treating them when they occur.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: A disfunção temporomandibular é considerada um conjunto de alterações que acometem os músculos mastigatórios, articulação temporomandibular e estruturas adjacentes, os quais podem impactar negativamente na qualidade de vida dos seus portadores. Um grupo populacional no qual a prevalência de disfunção temporomandibular tem aumentado nos últimos anos é o de atletas. Assim, o objetivo do presente estudo foi realizar uma revisão integrativa da literatura a fim de verificar a prevalência das disfunções temporomandibulares em atletas, bem como os fatores relacionados a sua predisposição. CONTEÚDO: As buscas foram realizadas nas bases de dados Medline, LILACS e Scielo, utilizando os descritores "temporomandibular joint", "athletic injuries" e "temporomandibular disease". Os critérios de inclusão foram pesquisas oriundas de dados primários com qualquer delineamento; tendo como público-alvo os atletas e que abordassem a presença de disfunção temporomandibular articular ou muscular. Foram selecionados 10 estudos que foram incluídos nesta revisão. Os resultados obtidos com as análises dos artigos evidenciaram que atletas estão sujeitos às disfunções temporomandibulares não somente pelas lesões sofridas durante as competições, mas também por fatores associados ao estresse e ao uso de dispositivos específicos da prática desportiva. CONCLUSÃO: A ocorrência de disfunções temporomandibulares é comum entre atletas, mas elas podem ser evitadas com a utilização de medidas preventivas e tratamentos conservadores. O acompanhamento odontológico é fundamental para prevenir ou tratar a disfunção temporomandibular.

4.
Clinics ; 76: e2840, 2021. tab
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-1249590

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Arthrocentesis is the simplest surgical intervention for the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). It can be performed on an outpatient basis at a low cost and with low morbidity. The objective is to release the articular disc by disrupting the adhesion formed between its surfaces and the mandibular fossa through hydraulic pressure generated by irrigation of the upper compartment of the TMJ. Viscosupplementation with hyaluronic acid during or after arthrocentesis improves clinical outcomes, increases mouth opening, and reduces pain levels. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficiency of arthrocentesis plus hyaluronic acid viscosupplementation through clinical examination and preoperative magnetic resonance imaging in patients with unilateral disc displacement without reduction (DDwoR). METHODS: This analytical retrospective cross-sectional study clinically and radiologically evaluated 72 patients of both sexes with unilateral DDwoR. The following data were collected: sex, pain, age, duration of pain, maximum mouth opening, and patient pain perception on a visual analog scale. TMJ arthrocentesis was performed only once for each of the indicated joints. Data were collected before arthrocentesis (baseline) and at 7, 14, 30, 60, 90, and 180 days after the procedure (final evaluation). RESULTS: Between the baseline and final evaluation, there was a significant reduction in pain (p=0.001) and restoration of articular function. In addition, there was a significant increase in maximum mouth opening (p=0.001). CONCLUSION: Patients with DDwoR undergoing arthrocentesis combined with hyaluronic acid injection showed significant improvement in the perceived pain and maximum mouth opening in the mid-term follow-up periods.


Assuntos
Humanos , Masculino , Feminino , Luxações Articulares , Viscossuplementação , Estudos Transversais , Estudos Retrospectivos , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Resultado do Tratamento , Disco da Articulação Temporomandibular , Artrocentese
5.
BrJP ; 3(3): 222-227, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132022

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BAKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Arthralgia is a common complaint among patients with temporomandibular osteodegeneration, however, for the accurate diagnosis of osteodegeneration, it is suggested the adoption of imaging tests associated with standardized clinical diagnosis protocols. The objective of this study was to evaluate patients with degenerative changes in the temporomandibular joint previously visualized by cone beam computed tomography, relating these changes with the clinical diagnoses and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders, in order to conclude which of the degenerative changes develop more painful symptomatology. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational descriptive study. Thirty-eight patients who had previously done the cone beam computed tomography exam were evaluated. Subjects were grouped according to clinical diagnosis of temporomandibular joint changes using the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders questionnaire. The presence of pain was considered during lateral palpation; intra-articular palpation; excursive movements; and active mouth opening. RESULTS: Among the purely clinical diagnoses, only 10.5% were conclusive, classifying patients as suffering from osteoarthritis/osteoarthrosis. Painful joint symptoms were found in all groups, with no statistically significant difference. Similarly, the presence of degenerative disorders, including flattening, osteophytes, sclerosis, and erosion were found in similar proportions in all diagnosis groups. CONCLUSION: 89.5% of the degenerative changes were clinically underdiagnosed. There was a positive association between the presence of symptoms and the number of correct clinical diagnoses of osteoarthritis/osteoarthrosis obtained with the Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: Entre os pacientes com osteodegeneração cortical temporomandibular, a artralgia é uma queixa comum, entretanto, para o diagnóstico preciso de osteodegeneração sugere-se a adoção de exames de imagem associados a protocolos de diagnóstico clínico padronizados. O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar pacientes com alterações degenerativas da articulação temporomandibular previamente visualizados por tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico, relacionando essas alterações com os diagnósticos e sintomas clínicos da disfunção temporomandibular, a fim de concluir quais das alterações degenerativas se associam ao sintoma álgico. MÉTODOS: Trata-se de um estudo observacional descritivo transversal. Foram avaliados 38 pacientes que já haviam realizado realizado a tomografia computadorizada de feixe cônico. Os indivíduos foram agrupados de acordo com o diagnóstico clínico de alterações na articulação temporomandibular, utilizando o questionário Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders. A presença de dor foi considerada durante: palpação lateral; palpação intra-articular; movimentos excursivos; e abertura ativa da boca. RESULTADOS: Entre os diagnósticos puramente clínicos, apenas 10,5% foram conclusivos, classificando os pacientes como portadores de osteoartrite/osteoartrose. Sintomas articulares dolorosos foram encontrados em todos os grupos, sem diferença estatisticamente significante. Da mesma forma, a presença de distúrbios degenerativos, incluindo achatamento, osteófitos, esclerose e erosão, foi encontrada em proporções semelhantes em todos os grupos de diagnóstico. CONCLUSÃO: 89,5% das alterações degenerativas foram clinicamente subdiagnosticadas. Houve associação positiva entre a presença de sintomas e o número de diagnósticos clínicos corretos de osteoartrite/osteoartrose obtidos com o Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders.

6.
BrJP ; 3(3): 275-279, July-Sept. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1132028

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Temporomandibular disorders are the problems involving the masticatory muscles and/or the temporomandibular joint and, among them, the bone and joint disc degenerative processes stand out. However, an effective treatment for these cases has not yet been identified in the literature. Thus, the primary objective of this study was to evaluate the reparative potential of mesenchymal stem cells on degenerative changes in structures associated with the temporomandibular joint in humans and animal models. CONTENTS: This narrative review included intervention trials in humans and animals that presented as an outcome variable the repair of joint discs and/or temporomandibular joint. The following databases were used: Pubmed, LILACS, Scielo and Google Scholar. Titles and abstracts were analyzed for the pre-selection of articles potentially eligible for inclusion in this review. The information collected from each article was included in a specific spreadsheet for this purpose containing the year of publication, article title, author's name, study location, type of study, methodology, results, and conclusions. Two human studies and four animal studies were selected to compose the narrative review. In all studies presented, the presence of stem cells was able to improve the clinical, histological, and morphological parameters of the temporomandibular joint. CONCLUSION: The use of stem cells seems to be effective in treating degenerative changes in temporomandibular joint associated structures in both animal and human models. However, due to the small number of studies and their heterogeneity, the results presented should be evaluated sparingly.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: As desordens temporomandibulares constituem-se em um termo coletivo de problemas que envolvem os músculos mastigatórios e/ou a articulação temporomandibular. Dentre esses, destacam-se os processos degenerativos ósseos e do disco articular, contudo, ainda não foi identificado na literatura um tratamento eficaz para esses casos. Dessa forma, o objetivo desse estudo foi avaliar o potencial reparador das células-tronco mesenquimais sobre as alterações degenerativas das estruturas associadas à articulação temporomandibular em humanos e em modelos animais. CONTEÚDO: Foram incluídos ensaios de intervenção em humanos e em animais que apresentassem como variável desfecho o reparo dos discos articulares e/ou da articulação temporomandibular. Foram realizadas buscas nas seguintes bases de dados: Pubmed, LILACS, Scielo e Google Acadêmico. Os títulos e resumos foram analisados para a pré-seleção dos artigos potencialmente elegíveis para sua inclusão. As informações coletadas de cada artigo foram incluídas em planilha específica para essa finalidade contendo o ano de publicação, título do artigo, nome do autor, local do estudo, tipo de estudo, metodologia, resultado e conclusões. Foram selecionados 2 estudos em humanos e 4 estudos em animais para compor este estudo. Em todas essas pesquisas apresentadas, a presença de células-tronco foi capaz de melhorar parâmetros clínicos, histológicos e morfológicos da articulação temporomandibular. CONCLUSÃO: O uso de células-tronco parece ser eficaz no tratamento das alterações degenerativas das estruturas associadas à articulação temporomandibular. Todavia, devido ao reduzido número de estudos e sua heterogeneidade, os resultados apresentados devem ser avaliados com parcimônia.

7.
Cranio ; : 1-7, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32475229

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical and imaging results of two needles arthrocentesis (TNA) versus double-needle cannula arthrocentesis (DNCA) in the treatment of temporomandibular joint disc displacement (DD). METHODS: Twenty patients with DD were randomly divided into two groups: TNA and DNCA. Clinical data (pain scores; maximal interincisal distance [MID], and protrusion and laterality movements) were evaluated before and 24 months after the arthrocentesis. Disc and condyle position and joint effusion (JE) were evaluated by magnetic resonance exams. RESULTS: Both groups presented improvement in the MID, including pain reduction, modifications in disc and condyle positions, and reduction of the presence of JE, without difference between groups (p > 0.05). The DNCA was performed significantly faster (p = 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Both TNA and DNCA are efficient in promoting improvement in the MID: reduction in pain, modifications in disc and condyle positions, and, in part, may account for less JE, without difference between techniques.

8.
Indian J Dent Res ; 31(2): 315-317, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32436915

RESUMO

Primary orthostatic tremor (POT) is a rare movement disorder of unknown pathophysiology, characterized by fast tremor affecting a specific part of the body. The present paper reports a case of POT in mandible, discussing the approach and management. A 37-year-old male patient complained of involuntary mandibular movements, with onset 6 years ago, with no history of precipitating event. Usually, tremors were not present during patient's mastication or phonation. The oscillations presented rhythmically and symmetrically, with high frequency and low range of motion. Surface electromyography revealed an electromyographic discharge pattern bilaterally in the masseters, presenting a mean frequency of 13 Hz, and a predominance of postural type. Based on the history and clinical characteristics and electromyography, a diagnosis of POT was made. Several treatments have been employed over the years. Currently, the patient is being treated with buspirone hydrochloride 10 mg/day with a significant reduction of tremors. It can be concluded that knowledge of the characteristics of this condition is essential for the elaboration of a correct diagnosis and the better management of POT patients.


Assuntos
Tontura , Tremor , Adulto , Eletromiografia , Humanos , Masculino , Mandíbula
9.
BrJP ; 3(2): 189-193, Jan.-Mar. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1131991

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Orofacial pain is a major diagnostic challenge for the most experienced clinicians. Due to the complexity regarding the trigeminal-cervical joint, orofacial pain with the same etiology may present different symptoms, and pain with similar symptomatology may have different causes. The objective of this study was to alert health professionals about the importance of differential diagnosis in the hypothesis of trigeminal neuralgia, where the inclusion of the dentist in the medical-hospital team is of paramount importance in establishing the correct diagnosis. CASE REPORT: Twenty-nine-year-old female patient complained of electric shock and pulsatile orofacial pain that covered the third division of the fifth cranial nerve on the right side. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed the presence of trigeminal Schwannoma, causing neuralgia due to its neural compressive nature. Two different neurosurgery departments suggested tumor resection. However, after the evaluation by a third neurosurgery department, in which a dentist, specialized in orofacial pain was part of the team, the complete evaluation established the final diagnosis of right lower first molar odontalgia, with irreversible acute pulpitis as the cause of the symptoms and the expansive lesion was only a radiological finding. CONCLUSION: Interdisciplinary evaluation among physicians and dental surgeons is necessary to obtain the correct diagnosis when considering the hypothesis of trigeminal neuralgia.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS: As dores orofaciais representam grande desafio diagnóstico ao mais experiente clínico. Devido à complexidade do conjunto trigeminocervical, as dores orofaciais com a mesma etiologia podem apresentar sintomas diferentes, e dores com o mesmo sintoma podem ter etiologias diferentes. O objetivo foi alertar o profissional da saúde sobre a importância do diagnóstico diferencial quando aventada a hipótese diagnóstica de neuralgia trigeminal, e a presença do cirurgião-dentista na equipe médico-hospitalar é de suma importância para o estabelecimento do diagnóstico. RELATO DO CASO: Paciente do sexo feminino, 29 anos, apresentou dor orofacial em choque elétrico e pulsátil que percorria o trajeto da terceira divisão do V par craniano, do lado direito. A ressonância nuclear magnética evidenciou Schwannoma trigeminal, sendo diagnosticada neuralgia trigeminal secundária à essa lesão expansiva. Foi sugerida ressecção tumoral em dois serviços de neurocirurgia. Contudo, após a avaliação de um terceiro serviço de neurocirurgia, com a participação de cirurgião-dentista especialista em dor orofacial, foi estabelecido o diagnóstico de odontalgia do primeiro molar inferior direito, com pulpite aguda irreversível, sendo essa a causa do quadro sintomático, e a lesão expansiva, apenas um achado radiológico. CONCLUSÃO: A avaliação interdisciplinar entre médicos e cirurgiões-dentistas é necessária para o diagnóstico correto quando a hipótese diagnóstica for neuralgia trigeminal.

10.
Cranio ; 38(2): 122-127, 2020 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30048223

RESUMO

Objective: This study evaluated the clinical efficacy of arthrocentesis when varying the irrigation volume in patients with disc displacement without reduction (DDWOR). Methods: Thirty DDWOR patients were equally divided into two groups: G1 (50 mL) and G2 (200 mL). Information was compared for pain, the maximum interincisal distance (MID), protrusion, and right and left laterality. Results: Arthrocentesis was able to reduce the pain and increase the MID, protrusion, and both laterality values significantly one year after the procedure (p < 0.001) in both groups. However, comparisons between the groups revealed no significant difference (p > 0.05). Furthermore, changes in volume did not affect the arthrocentesis results (p = 0.626, odds ratio = 1.625; 95% confidence interval = 0.230-11.461). Conclusion: Arthrocentesis techniques using 50- and 200-mL irrigation volumes were both effective, with no significant differences between techniques observed after one year of follow-up.


Assuntos
Luxações Articulares , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Artrocentese , Seguimentos , Humanos , Medição da Dor , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Resultado do Tratamento
11.
Cranio ; 38(4): 256-263, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30165804

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate joint effusion and positioning of the articular disc through magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) before and after two different arthrocentesis techniques. METHODS: Twenty-six patients with dislocation of the articular disc without reduction (ADDwoR) were included and randomly divided into two groups: single needle arthrocentesis with distention of the upper compartment of the TMJ (A1) and conventional arthrocentesis with 2 needles (A2). RESULTS: A statistically significant difference was observed between the different effusion categories (p = 0.009). No differences were found comparing both treatment modalities concerning the position of the mandibular condyle and the articular disc. CONCLUSION: Conventional arthrocentesis was able to change the effusion variable, whereas the single needle arthrocentesis was not. Both techniques were responsible for altering the position of the mandibular head or the disc-head complex, projecting them to a more anterior position related to the increase in the final maximum interincisal distance.


Assuntos
Luxações Articulares , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Artrocentese , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Articulação Temporomandibular , Disco da Articulação Temporomandibular , Resultado do Tratamento
12.
Cranio ; 38(1): 34-42, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29806568

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation among age, gender and the number of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) findings. METHODS: The records from 228 patients with TMD were analyzed for the presence of these findings: morphological changes, disc displacement with reduction (DDWR) and without reduction (DDWOR), bone edema, effusion, and avascular necrosis. Statistical analyses were conducted using multinomial regression with a 5% significance level. RESULTS: DDWR was the most frequent finding. Group 1 was composed of 94 patients (41.22%), Group 2, of 67 patients (29.38%), and Group 3, of 67 patients (29.38%). Men were significantly less likely to belong to Group 3 than women (p = 0.5517). Older patients were slightly more likely to fall in Groups 2 and 3 than in Group 1. DISCUSSION: Women were shown to be more susceptible to developing a higher number of concomitant conditions than men, and the number of findings tended to increase with age.


Assuntos
Luxações Articulares , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular , Feminino , Humanos , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Disco da Articulação Temporomandibular
14.
Telemed J E Health ; 25(12): 1134-1143, 2019 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31566489

RESUMO

Introduction: Tele-education refers to the use of interactive distance learning technologies. The objective of this systematic review was to evaluate the impact of tele-education in the field of orthodontics. Methods: This systematic review has been registered in PROSPERO and followed PRISMA guidelines. Two independent researchers reviewed the literature available in the databases of PubMed/MEDLINE, Bireme, the Cochrane Library, EMBASE, TRIP, SCIELO, LILAS, SCIENCEDIRECT, and Google Scholar using the following descriptors: "Education, Distance" OR "e-learning" AND "Orthodontics," including only interventional studies. The descriptive synthesis was conducted according to the Center for Reviews and Dissemination. The analysis of the biases was conducted using the MINORS protocol, and the analysis of the interventions using Kirkpatrick's method was evaluated. Results: Of the 15 remaining articles for complete reading, 4 were excluded for not meeting the inclusion criteria, leaving 11 articles for evaluation in the systematic review. Eight articles emphasized the evaluation of the distance education materials available, achieving a high percentage of acceptability among students, two cited only satisfaction, and one article evaluated the practical performance of the students. Conclusion: The results showed that orthodontic distance learning is an effective but complementary element, with no significant differences, to the traditional method of teaching.


Assuntos
Educação à Distância , Ortodontia/educação , Humanos
15.
BrJP ; 2(3): 293-295, July-Sept. 2019. graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1039013

RESUMO

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Arthrocentesis is an effective treatment to reduce or eliminate pain, increase maximal interincisal distance, and to eliminate joint effusion in patients with disc displacement without reduction. This study aims to expose and to discuss a new technique proposal of temporomandibular joint arthrocentesis applied in the treatment of a single case of disc displacement without reduction. CASE REPORT: Female patient, 18-year-old patient sought treatment due to joint pain and mouth opening limitation. The maximal interincisal distance was 30.28mm. Magnetic resonance imaging confirmed the diagnosis of disc displacement without reduction with signs of joint effusion in the right temporomandibular joint. Temporomandibular joint arthrocentesis was performed under selective sensory nerve block of the auriculotemporal, the masseteric and posterior deep temporal nerves. Two needles were inserted in the upper compartment of the temporomandibular joint. In the second needle, a transparent catheter was connected into a vacuum pump. Clinically, after the arthrocentesis, the maximal interincisal distance increased to 46.25mm, and the patient referred no more pain. After six months, a magnetic resonance imaging was performed to observe the results, and there were no more signs of joint effusion. CONCLUSION: Temporomandibular joint arthrocentesis was an effective treatment for this patient with disc displacement without reduction. The aspect of this technique that is particularly relevant for clinical practice was the connection of a transparent catheter to a vacuum pump. In fact, it allowed the visualization of the solution fluidity, as well as guides the flow of the solution used for joint washing, optimizing the irrigation. However, new studies are necessary to compare different protocols of irrigation with and without the associated use of a vacuum pump.


RESUMO JUSTIFICATIVA E OBJETIVOS : A artrocentese e um tratamento eficaz para diminuir ou abolir a dor, aumentar a máxima distância interincisal e eliminar o derrame articular em pacientes com deslocamento de disco sem redução. O objetivo deste estudo foi expor e discutir uma nova proposta técnica de artrocentese da articulação temporomandibular aplicada no tratamento de um caso de deslocamento de disco sem redução. RELATO DO CASO : Paciente do sexo feminino, 18 anos procurou tratamento devido a dor na articulação temporomandibular e limitação da abertura da boca. A distância interincisal máxima foi de 30,28mm. A ressonância magnética confirmou o diagnóstico de deslocamento de disco sem redução com sinais de derrame articular na articulação temporomandibular direita. A artrocentese foi realizada com o bloqueio anestésico do nervo auriculotemporal, masseterino e temporal profundo posterior. Depois disso, duas agulhas foram inseridas no compartimento superior da articulação temporomandibular. Na segunda agulha foi conectado um cateter transparente e nesse uma bomba de vácuo. Clinicamente, após a artrocentese, a distância interincisal máxima aumentou para 46,25mm e não houve mais dor. Na nova ressonância magnética realizada 180 dias após, não havia mais sinais de derrame articular. CONCLUSÃO : A artrocentese da articulação temporomandibular foi eficaz no tratamento do paciente com deslocamento do disco sem redução. O aspecto dessa técnica, que é particularmente relevante para a prática clínica, foi a conexão de um cateter transparente a uma bomba de vácuo. Isso permitiu a visão da solução, sua fluidez, além de orientar o fluxo da solução utilizada para lavagem, otimizando a irrigação. No entanto, novos estudos são necessários para comparar diferentes protocolos de irrigação com e sem o uso associado de uma bomba de vácuo.

16.
Int J Dent ; 2019: 2864216, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31316563

RESUMO

Several treatments have been suggested to correct dentofacial abnormalities, including orthognathic surgery. The aim of the present systematic review was to assess the impact of orthognathic surgery on patient satisfaction, overall quality of life, quality of life related to oral health-and to orthognathic surgery in particular-among adult patients. Two investigators independently reviewed the available literature in the databases PubMed/MEDLINE, LILACS, SciELO, EMBASE, Trip, and Google Scholar (gray literature) based on the keywords "orthognathic surgery" and "quality of life." An analysis of bias was performed based on the MINORS (methodological index for nonrandomized studies). A total of 245 relevant studies were retrieved from the databases, and 6 additional studies were located after a manual search of the references. Following selection based on titles, abstracts, and full-text analysis, 30 studies were included in the present systematic review. To evaluate quality of life before and after orthognathic surgery, 12 studies applied the surgery-related Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire (OQLQ), 12 used the Oral Health Impact Profile (OHIP-14), and 4 used the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). Orthognathic surgery results in improvements in quality of life both physically and psychosocially after surgery and is associated with high rates of patient satisfaction.

17.
RFO UPF ; 24(1): 141-147, 29/03/2019.
Artigo em Português | LILACS-Express | LILACS | ID: biblio-1049260

RESUMO

Objetivo: revisão integrativa sobre os principais métodos de tratamento conservador para disfunção temporomandibular, sendo eles: placa oclusal, aconselhamento e farmacoterapia. Materiais e método: a busca foi feita nas bases de dados PubMed, SciELO, Lilacs e Google Acadêmico, utilizando os seguintes descritores: "counseling and temporomandibular joint"; "counseling and facial pain"; "counseling and temporomandibular joint dysfunction syndrome"; "counseling and temporomandibular joint and drug therapy"; e "counseling and drug therapy and facial pain". Resultados: no total, foram encontrados 314 estudos nesta pesquisa, porém, somente 8 foram incluídos no estudo. Esses comprovam a eficácia desses métodos de tratamento, fazendo com que o paciente obtenha diminuição da sintomatologia dolorosa, melhora das funções mastigatórias, além de proporcionar um alívio na tensão muscular, devido ao relaxamento das estruturas relacionadas. A placa oclusal tende a diminuir as forças oclusais aplicadas, redistribuindo a carga mastigatória sobre as superfícies oclusais. Alguns fármacos (anti-inflamatórios, antidepressivos e relaxantes musculares) são capazes de minimizar a sintomatologia dolorosa, proporcionando uma melhora na qualidade do sono e a redução de episódios de dor intensa. Por sua vez, o aconselhamento orienta os pacientes para que possam evitar atitudes que piorem sua doença, educando-os e conscientizando-os sobre seus hábitos parafuncionais, além de reduzir os fatores causadores de sintomatologia dolorosa. Conclusão: conseguimos observar que esses tratamentos apresentam índices de sucesso relevantes, quando se referem à diminuição dos sintomas, especialmente o aconselhamento, que ainda é uma terapia conservadora pouco explorada. Faz-se necessária a realização de mais estudos neste campo, para que sejam obtidos resultados cada vez mais concretos e conclusivos.


Objective: integrative review on the main methods of conservative treatment for Temporomandibular Dysfunction, being occlusal plaque, counseling and pharmacotherapy. Materials and method: the search was done in the databases PubMed, SciELO, Lilacs and Google Scholar using the descriptors: "counseling" and "temporomandibular joint", "counseling" and "facial pain", "counseling" and "temporomandibular joint dysfunction syndrome", "counseling" and "temporomandibular joint" and "drug therapy" and "counseling" and "drug therapy" and "facial pain". Results: in total were found 314 studies in this work, but only 8 were included. These tests prove the efficacy of these treatment methods, causing to the patient a decrease in painful symptoms, an increase in masticatory functions, and also providing a relief in muscle tension due to the relaxation of related structures. The occlusal plaque tends to decrease the forces applied in the occlusion, preventing the muscles from exerting excessive force. Some drugs (anti-inflammatories, antidepressants and muscle relaxants) are able to minimize the painful symptomatology, providing an improvement in the quality of sleep and reduction of episodes of intense pain. In turn, counseling guides patients to avoid attitudes that worsen their illness, educating them and making them aware of their parafunctional habits, as well as reducing the factors that cause painful symptoms. Conclusion: we could observe that these treatments present relevant success indexes when it refers to the decrease of the symptoms, especially the counseling, which is still a little explored conservative therapy. It is still necessary to carry out further studies in this field in order to obtain increasingly concrete and conclusive results.

18.
Cranio ; : 1-6, 2019 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30786838

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of joint effusion and morphology of the articular disc (AD) viewed in the sagittal plane in patients with disc displacement with reduction (DDWR) and to correlate the results with clinical findings. METHODS: The sample consisted of 116 patients with DDWR who were evaluated clinically and with magnetic resonance imaging. The AD's morphology was assessed from the sagittal view with the mouth both open and closed. The statistical analysis demonstrated a significance level of 5%. RESULTS: With a mean age of 35 years, 79 patients (68.10%) showed joint effusion, and the female gender was most prevalent (p < 0.05). The results showed a relationship between joint effusion and DDWR in both sides (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Clinically, the present study can infer that DDWR is associated with joint effusion, and females are the most affected. It can be suggested that the pain may be associated with joint effusion.

19.
J Appl Oral Sci ; 27: e20180433, 2019 Feb 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30810641

RESUMO

Disc displacement with reduction (DDWR) is one of the most common intra-articular disorders of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Factors related to the etiology, progression and treatment of such condition is still a subject of discussion. This literature review aimed to address etiology, development, related factors, diagnosis, natural course, and treatment of DDWR. A non-systematic search was conducted within PubMed, Scopus, SciELO, Medline, LILACS and Science Direct using the Medical Subjective Headings (MeSH) terms "temporomandibular disorders", "temporomandibular joint", "disc displacement" and "disc displacement with reduction". No time restriction was applied. Literature reviews, systematic reviews, meta-analysis and clinical trials were included. DDWR is usually asymptomatic and requires no treatment, since the TMJ structures adapt very well and painlessly to different disc positions. Yet, long-term studies have shown the favorable progression of this condition, with no pain and/or jaw locking occurring in most of the patients.


Assuntos
Luxações Articulares/fisiopatologia , Luxações Articulares/terapia , Disco da Articulação Temporomandibular/fisiopatologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/fisiopatologia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/terapia , Progressão da Doença , Humanos , Luxações Articulares/diagnóstico , Luxações Articulares/etiologia , Imageamento por Ressonância Magnética , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/diagnóstico , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/etiologia
20.
PLoS One ; 14(2): e0212307, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30759144

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of the use of the arthrocentesis in patients with disc displacement without reduction (DDWOR). Two hundred and thirty-four (234) patients with DDWOR were evaluated and the following data collected: gender; affected side; age (years); duration of the pain (months); patient's perception of pain (measured by Visual Analogue Scale [VAS 0-10]); maximal interincisal distance (MID) (mm); and joint disc position, determined by magnetic resonance imaging. Data were obtained in two different moments: before the arthrocentesis (M1) and three or four months later (M2). Paired t-Student Test, Scores Test and Wilcoxon Test showed a statistical significant difference (p<0.0001) between the M1 and M2 for the variables VAS and MID. There was an alteration in the joint disc position in 93.88% of the cases after arthrocentesis. There was no association between the general characteristics of the patients on the M1 and the results of the arthrocentesis (p>0.05). It can be concluded that the arthrocentesis is efficient in reducing the pain, in increasing interincisal distance, and altering the joint disc position in patients with DDWOR regardless gender, age side and pain duration.


Assuntos
Artrocentese/métodos , Luxações Articulares/cirurgia , Transtornos da Articulação Temporomandibular/cirurgia , Adolescente , Adulto , Artrocentese/instrumentação , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Amplitude de Movimento Articular , Estudos Retrospectivos , Resultado do Tratamento
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