Your browser doesn't support javascript.
loading
Mostrar: 20 | 50 | 100
Resultados 1 - 20 de 216
Filtrar
1.
Rev Med Suisse ; 17(729): 467-468, 2021 Mar 10.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33689241
2.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33502443

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To analyse the predictive value of anti-carbamylated protein (anti-CarP) and anti-peptidyl-arginine deiminase type-3 (anti-PAD3) antibodies, alone or in combination with rheumatoid factors (RFs) and anti-citrullinated protein antibodies (ACPA), to identify patients at high risk of developing severe rheumatoid arthritis (RA) outcomes. METHODS: Patients within the « Swiss Clinical Quality Management ¼ registry with a biobank sample were tested for RFs, ACPA, anti-CarP, and anti-PAD3 antibodies. We examined the association of each autoantibody with DAS28, HAQ and radiographic damage (Ratingen) at baseline and longitudinally. RESULTS: Analyses included 851 established RA patients and 516 disease controls [axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA = 320) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA = 196)]. Anti-CarP and anti-PAD3 antibodies were respectively present in 22.4% and 10.7% of the whole RA population, and in 13.2% and 3.8% of the RF and ACPA double seronegative patients. At baseline, RA patients with anti-PAD3 had higher DAS28 (4.2 vs 3.7; p = 0.005) and significantly more radiographic damage (14.9 vs 8.8; p = 0.02) than anti-PAD3 negative patients. In ACPA negative subgroup, baseline Ratingen scores were significantly higher in anti-PAD3 positive patients (p = 0.01). The combination of anti-PAD3, RF IgM, and ACPA was associated with significantly higher baseline radiographic scores than the double seropositive group (p = 0.04). The presence of any two of the previous autoantibodies was associated with significantly greater radiographic progression over 10 years than if all were absent (p = 0.02). There were no differences on RA outcome measures with regards to anti-CarP. CONCLUSIONS: Anti-PAD3 antibodies are associated with higher disease activity and joint damage scores in RA patients.

3.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33291148

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To quantitatively profile the T-cell repertoire in the peripheral blood of individuals genetically at risk for RA, namely first-degree relatives of RA patients (RA-FDR) at different phases of disease development. METHODS: Next-generation sequencing of the TCR CDR3ß repertoire was performed on genomic DNA isolated from whole blood samples of RA-FDR selected at three different pre-clinical stages and of matched RA patients (n = 20/group). T-cell clones were identified by their unique sequence and their degree of expansion (frequency) within each sample was characterized. Clones with a frequency over 0.5% were considered highly expanded clones (HEC). RESULTS: The absolute number of HEC was significantly higher in established RA patients (mean 4.65) and tended to be higher in symptomatic RA-FDR (mean 3.4) compared with asymptomatic RA-FDR (mean 1.55, P =0.003 and P =0.07, respectively). Asymptomatic individuals with high levels of ACPA did not differ from asymptomatic RA-FDR in terms of absolute number and frequency of clones. The number of HEC tended to be slightly higher at the time of RA onset (P =0.055). Neither clones shared by several patients, nor clones previously associated with RA, were preferentially present within or between the different groups. Finally, a longitudinal analysis did not allow to uncover a kinetic expansion of RA-specific clones closely correlated with disease development. CONCLUSIONS: HEC were detected in the peripheral blood before the clinical onset of RA, in particular in the later pre-clinical phase of RA development, and their presence increased over time.

4.
Clin Pharmacol Ther ; 2020 Dec 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33341941

RESUMO

Cytochromes P450 (CYP) are subject to important interindividual variability in their activity due to genetic and environmental factors and some diseases. Limited human data support the idea that inflammation downregulates CYP activities. Our study aimed to evaluate the impact of orthopedic surgery (acute inflammation model) on the activity of six human CYP. This prospective observational study was conducted in 30 patients who underwent elective hip surgery at the Geneva University Hospitals in Switzerland. The Geneva phenotyping cocktail containing caffeine, bupropion, flurbiprofen, omeprazole, dextromethorphan, and midazolam as probe drugs respectively assessing CYP1A2, 2B6, 2C9, 2C19, 2D6, and 3A activities was administered orally before surgery, day 1 (D1) and 3 (D3) postsurgery and at discharge. Capillary blood samples were collected 2 hours after cocktail intake to assess metabolic ratios (MRs). Serum inflammatory markers (CRP, IL-6, IL-1ß, TNF-α, and IFN-γ) were also measured in blood. CYP1A2 MRs decreased by 53% (P < 0.0001) between baseline and the nadir at D1. CYP2C19 and CYP3A activities (MRs) decreased by 57% (P = 0.0002) and 61% (P < 0.0001), respectively, with the nadir at D3. CYP2B6 and CYP2C9 MRs increased by 120% (P < 0.0001) and 79% (P = 0.018), respectively, and peaked at D1. Surgery did not have a significant impact on CYP2D6 MR. Hip surgery was a good acute inflammation model as CRP, IL-6, and TNF-α peak levels were reached between D1 and day 2 (D2). Acute inflammation modulated CYP activity in an isoform-specific manner, with different magnitudes and kinetics. Acute inflammation may thus have a clinically relevant impact on the pharmacokinetics of these CYP substrates.

5.
Clin Exp Rheumatol ; 38(6): 1056-1067, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33253107

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Despite availability of efficacious treatments, unmet needs still exist, preventing optimal and comprehensive management of rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Evolving the management of RA (eRA) is a European-wide educational initiative aiming to support improved patient care through practical and educational tools addressing specific unmet needs. METHODS: A multidisciplinary Steering Committee (17 members, 12 countries) identified unmet needs within the management of RA and prioritised those with the greatest impact on patient outcomes. Practical educational tools addressing priority needs were then developed for dissemination and implementation by the rheumatology community across Europe. RESULTS: Five areas of priority need were identified: increasing early recognition of RA and treatment initiation; treating RA to target; optimal, holistic approach to selection of treatment strategy, including shared decision-making; improving identification and management of comorbidities; and non-pharmacological patient management. A suite of 14 eRA tools included educational slides, best-practice guidance, self­assessment questionnaires, clinical checklists, a multidisciplinary team training exercise, an interactive patient infographic, and case scenarios. By April 2020, rheumatology professionals in 17 countries had been actively engaged in the eRA programme; in 11 countries, eRA tools were selected by national leaders in rheumatology and translated for local dissemination. A web platform, with country-specific pages, was developed to support access to the translated tools (https://www.evolvingthemanagementofra.com/). CONCLUSIONS: The eRA programme supports comprehensive management of RA across Europe through development and dissemination of practical educational tools. The eRA tools address priority needs and are available free of charge to the rheumatology community.

6.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32810263

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: RF and ACPA are used as diagnostic tools and their presence has been associated with clinical response to some biologic DMARDs (bDMARDs) in RA. This study compared the impact of seropositivity on drug discontinuation and effectiveness of bDMARDs in patients with RA, using head-to-head comparisons in a real-world setting. METHODS: We conducted a pooled analysis of 16 observational RA registries. Inclusion criteria were a diagnosis of RA, initiation of treatment with rituximab (RTX), abatacept (ABA), tocilizumab (TCZ) or TNF inhibitors (TNFis) and available information on RF and/or ACPA status. Drug discontinuation was analysed using Cox regression, including drug, seropositivity, their interaction, adjusting for concomitant and past treatments and patient and disease characteristics and accounting for country and calendar year of bDMARD initiation. Effectiveness was analysed using the Clinical Disease Activity Index evolution over time. RESULTS: Among the 27 583 eligible patients, the association of seropositivity with drug discontinuation differed across bDMARDs (P for interaction <0.001). The adjusted hazard ratios for seropositive compared with seronegative patients were 1.01 (95% CI 0.95, 1.07) for TNFis, 0.89 (0.78, 1.02)] for TCZ, 0.80 (0.72, 0.88) for ABA and 0.70 (0.59, 0.84) for RTX. Adjusted differences in remission and low disease activity rates between seropositive and seronegative patients followed the same pattern, with no difference in TNFis, a small difference in TCZ, a larger difference in ABA and the largest difference in RTX (Lundex remission difference +5.9%, low disease activity difference +11.6%). CONCLUSION: Seropositivity was associated with increased effectiveness of non-TNFi bDMARDs, especially RTX and ABA, but not TNFis.

7.
Lancet ; 396(10246): 267-276, 2020 07 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32711802

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, often receive glucocorticoids, but long-term use can produce adverse effects. Evidence from randomised controlled trials to guide tapering of oral glucocorticoids is scarce. We investigated a scheme for tapering oral glucocorticoids compared with continuing low-dose oral glucocorticoids in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS: The Steroid EliMination In Rheumatoid Arthritis (SEMIRA) trial was a double-blind, multicentre, two parallel-arm, randomised controlled trial done at 39 centres from six countries (France, Germany, Italy, Russia, Serbia, and Tunisia). Adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis receiving tocilizumab and glucocorticoids 5-15 mg per day for 24 weeks or more were eligible for inclusion if they had received prednisone 5 mg per day for 4 weeks or more and had stable low disease activaity, confirmed by a Disease Activity Score for 28 joints-erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) of 3·2 or less 4-6 weeks before and on the day of randomisation. Patients were randomly assigned 1:1 to either continue masked prednisone 5 mg per day for 24 weeks or to taper masked prednisone reaching 0 mg per day at week 16. All patients received tocilizumab (162 mg subcutaneously every week or 8 mg/kg intravenously every 4 weeks) with or without csDMARDs maintained at stable doses during the entire 24-week study. The primary outcome was the difference in mean DAS28-ESR change from baseline to week 24, with a difference of more than 0·6 defined as clinically relevant between the continued-prednisone group and the tapered-prednisone group. The trial is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02573012. FINDINGS: Between Oct 21, 2015, and June 9, 2017, 421 patients were screened and 259 (200 [77%] women and 59 [23%] men) were recruited onto the trial. In all 128 patients assigned to the continued-prednisone regimen, disease activity control was superior to that in all 131 patients assigned to the tapered-prednisone regimen; the estimated mean change in DAS28-ESR from baseline to week 24 was 0·54 (95% CI 0·35-0·73) with tapered prednisone and -0·08 (-0·27 to 0·12) with continued prednisone (difference 0·61 [0·35-0·88]; p<0·0001), favouring continuing prednisone 5 mg per day for 24 weeks. Treatment was regarded as successful (defined as low disease activity at week 24, plus absence of rheumatoid arthritis flare for 24 weeks and no confirmed adrenal insufficiency) in 99 (77%) patients in the continued-prednisone group versus 85 (65%) patients in the tapered-prednisone group (relative risk 0·83; 95% CI 0·71-0·97). Serious adverse events occurred in seven (5%) patients in the tapered-prednisone group and four (3%) patients in the continued-prednisone group; no patients had symptomatic adrenal insufficiency. INTERPRETATION: In patients who achieved low disease activity with tocilizumab and at least 24 weeks of glucocorticoid treatment, continuing glucocorticoids at 5 mg per day for 24 weeks provided safe and better disease control than tapering glucocorticoids, although two-thirds of patients were able to safely taper their glucocorticoid dose. FUNDING: F Hoffmann-La Roche.


Assuntos
Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Glucocorticoides/uso terapêutico , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Indução de Remissão/métodos , Administração Intravenosa , Administração Oral , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Artrite Reumatoide/etnologia , Método Duplo-Cego , Esquema de Medicação , Quimioterapia Combinada , Feminino , França/epidemiologia , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Glucocorticoides/administração & dosagem , Glucocorticoides/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Itália/epidemiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Avaliação de Resultados em Cuidados de Saúde , Prednisona/administração & dosagem , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Federação Russa/epidemiologia , Sérvia/epidemiologia , Tunísia/epidemiologia
8.
Travel Med Infect Dis ; 38: 101818, 2020 Jul 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32712263

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic conditions travel around the world more than ever. Only few studies have examined travel patterns and health outcomes of patients with rheumatic diseases during international travel. METHOD: We conducted a multi-centre prospective cohort study in Switzerland, in which we studied the immunogenicity and safety of vaccinations in patients with rheumatic diseases and travellers without rheumatic diseases (controls). Participants who travelled internationally received questionnaires 1 and 13 weeks post-travel. We compared travel patterns, risk behaviours, and travel-associated problems during and after the trips in both groups. RESULTS: 274 participants returned post-travel questionnaires (65 rheumatic patients, 209 controls). Controls more frequently travelled to subtropical/tropical destinations and stayed longer abroad. 64% of all participants experienced health problems during travel (74% rheumatic patients vs. 62% controls, P = 0.11). Pre-travel, patients reported a higher susceptibility to gastrointestinal infections . During travel, a higher percentage of rheumatic patients cancelled the day programme due to health problems (13% vs. 4%, P = 0.024). The main problems in rheumatic patients occurred due to the underlying rheumatic diseases, or were of psychological nature. Although not statistically significant, infectious disease symptoms (rhinitis, cough) occurred more frequently in controls. When only considering subtropical/tropical destinations, rheumatic patients more frequently had gastrointestinal problems during travel - and skin infections after the trip. CONCLUSIONS: This study does not support the notion that patients with rheumatic diseases should avoid international travel for an increased risk of infections. In patients with subtropical/tropical destinations, however, gastrointestinal problems may be increased during travel - and skin infections post-travel.

9.
J Immunol ; 205(4): 1167-1175, 2020 Aug 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32651219

RESUMO

IL-18 binding protein (IL-18BP) acts as a naturally occurring IL-18 decoy receptor. If the balance between IL-18 and IL-18BP is dysregulated, abnormal levels of free bioactive IL-18 are detected, such as in the sera of Il-18bp knockout (KO) mice with CpG-induced macrophage activation syndrome. To determine the cellular sources of Il-18bp in vivo, we selectively depleted Il-18bp expression in either radiosensitive or radioresistant cells using bone marrow transfer between wild-type (WT) and Il-18bp KO mice. Following repeated CpG injections, Il-18bp KO (donor)→ Il-18bp KO (recipient) chimeric mice exhibited more severe disease, with an enhanced Ifn-γ signature and circulating free Il-18 levels, in comparison with WT→WT chimeras. Interestingly, the phenotype of KO→WT and WT→KO mice did not differ from that of WT→WT mice. Consistent with this finding, serum Il-18bp levels were similar in these three groups of mice. The contribution of radioresistant and radiosensitive cells to Il-18bp production varied markedly according to the organ examined, with a major contribution of radiosensitive cells in the spleen as opposed to a major contribution of radioresistant cells in the lung. Finally, Ifn-γ blockade abrogated the CpG-induced but not the constitutive Il-18bp production. Our results demonstrate that circulating Il-18bp is induced in response to Ifn-γ during CpG-induced macrophage activation syndrome and is present at high levels in the circulation to prevent the deleterious systemic effects of Il-18.

10.
RMD Open ; 6(2)2020 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32683326

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic autoimmune inflammatory disorder with a global prevalence of approximately 0.5-1%. Patients with RA are at an increased risk of developing comorbidities (eg, cardiovascular disease, pulmonary disease, diabetes and depression). Despite this, there are limited recommendations for the management and implementation of associated comorbidities. This study aimed to identify good practice interventions in the care of RA and associated comorbidities. METHODS: A combination of primary research (180+ interviews with specialists across 12 European rheumatology centres) and secondary research (literature review of existing publications and guidelines/recommendations) were used to identify challenges in management and corresponding good practice interventions. Findings were prioritised and reviewed by a group of 18 rheumatology experts including rheumatologists, comorbidity experts, a patient representative and a highly specialised nurse. RESULTS: Challenges throughout the patient pathway (including delays in diagnosis and referral, shortage of rheumatologists, limited awareness of primary care professionals) and 18 good practice interventions were identified in the study. The expert group segmented and prioritised interventions according to three distinct stages of the disease: (1) suspected RA, (2) recent diagnosis of RA and (3) established RA. Examples of good practice interventions included enabling self-management (self-monitoring and disease management support, for example, lifestyle adaptations); early arthritis clinic; rapid access to care (online referral, triage, ultrasound-guided diagnosis); dedicated comorbidity specialists; enhanced communication with primary care (hotline, education sessions); and integrating patient registries into daily clinical practice. CONCLUSION: Learning from implementation of good practice interventions in centres across Europe provides an opportunity to more widely improved care for patients with RA and associated comorbidities.

11.
Biol Reprod ; 103(4): 684-694, 2020 Oct 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32543660

RESUMO

The interleukin (IL)-1 system plays a major role in immune responses and inflammation. The IL-1 system components include IL-1α, IL-1ß, IL-1 receptor type 1 and IL-1 receptor type 2 (decoy receptor), IL-1 receptor accessory protein, and IL-1 receptor antagonist (IL-1Ra). These components have been shown to play a role in pregnancy, specifically in embryo-maternal communication for implantation, placenta development, and protection against infections. As gestation advances, maternal tissues experience increasing fetal demand and physical stress and IL-1ß is induced. Dependent on the levels of IL-1Ra, which regulates IL-1ß activity, a pro-inflammatory response may or may not occur. If there is an inflammatory response, prostaglandins are synthesized that may lead to myometrial contractions and the initiation of labor. Many studies have examined the role of the IL-1 system in pregnancy by independently measuring plasma, cervical, and amniotic fluid IL-1ß or IL-1Ra levels. Other studies have tested for polymorphisms in IL-1ß and IL-1Ra genes in women experiencing pregnancy complications such as early pregnancy loss, in vitro fertilization failure, pre-eclampsia and preterm delivery. Data from those studies suggest a definite role for the IL-1 system in successful pregnancy outcomes. However, as anticipated, the results varied among different experimental models, ethnicities, and disease states. Here, we review the current literature and propose that measurement of IL-1Ra in relation to IL-1 may be useful in predicting the risk of poor pregnancy outcomes.

12.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 105, 2020 05 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32375861

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Calprotectin (S100A8/S100A9 protein) is known as a damage-associated molecular pattern (DAMP) protein and reflects mainly neutrophil activation. Serum calprotectin levels might be a good alternative to acute-phase protein as a biomarker in inflammatory rheumatic diseases. The aim of this study is to investigate the association of serum calprotectin with disease activity and severity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA), and psoriatic arthritis (PsA). METHODS: Serum calprotectin was measured in patients with RA, axSpA, and PsA from the prospective Swiss Clinical Quality Management (SCQM) registry. Asymptomatic first-degree relatives of RA patients were used as healthy controls (HC). Outcomes included swollen joint count (SJC), Disease Activity Score (DAS), Health Assessment questionnaire (HAQ), joint radiographs, and ultrasound power Doppler (USPD) score for RA; Bath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index (BASDAI), Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Score (ASDAS) and coxitis for axSpA; and SJC and Disease Activity Index for PSoriatic Arthritis (DAPSA) for PsA. Comparison of outcomes by calprotectin quartile levels was performed using Kruskal-Wallis tests for continuous outcomes or trend tests for categorical outcomes. RESULTS: A total of 1729 subjects [RA = 969, axSpA = 451, PsA = 237, and HC = 72] were included. Median levels of serum calprotectin were higher in each disease group compared to HC (p < 0.01). In RA patients, all clinical outcomes were statistically different between quartiles of serum calprotectin, indicating an association between calprotectin levels and higher disease activity (SJC, DAS, and USPD scores) and severity (joint radiographs and HAQ). In axSpA, an association between calprotectin levels and ASDAS score (p < 0.01) and prevalence of coxitis (p = 0.02) was observed. For PsA patients, SJC and DAPSA did not differ across calprotectin quartiles. CONCLUSIONS: This large study supports the association of serum calprotectin levels with disease activity in both RA and axSpA, but not in PsA.

13.
Orphanet J Rare Dis ; 15(1): 130, 2020 05 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32471463

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The analysis of the main features of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on ANCA-associated vasculitis (AAV) can inform future study design. METHODS: We searched within the International Clinical Trials Registry Platform all registered RCTs on AAV from October 2008 to December 2018. Two reviewers selected studies according to pre-specified eligibility criteria. We retrieved information including countries, funding, design, sample sizes, eligibility criteria, primary outcomes (POs), and treatments. RESULTS: Among the 40 RCTs identified, 22 (55%) were conducted in Europe, 29 (72,5%) in a single country, 14 (35%) were industry-funded. The median number of patients planned to enrol was 68 (IQR 36-138). Only 28% of RCTs targeted a single vasculitis, and ANCA negative patients were not included in about 40% of studies. Interventions investigated were mainly drugs given to induce (40%) or maintain (32.5%) remission. Eighty-five percent of POs were considered being 'patient-important', but discrepancies in definition of disease states, such as remission or relapse were observed. Glucocorticoids use was part of the PO in < 25% of studies. The number of trials targeting a single disease, non-industry funded, incorporating glucocorticoids in PO, as well as the planned sample size increased over time. CONCLUSION: Despite the important achievements in the field, a better harmonization of eligibility, and outcome criteria across studies is an important objective to pursue in next future.

14.
Life Sci Alliance ; 3(6)2020 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32345660

RESUMO

IL-36R signaling plays an important role in the pathogenesis of psoriasis. We ought to assess the specific function of IL-36R in keratinocytes for the pathology of Aldara-induced psoriasis-like dermatitis. Il36r ΔK mice presenting deletion of IL-36R in keratinocytes were similarly resistant to Aldara-induced ear inflammation as Il36r -/- mice, but acanthosis was only prevented in Il36r -/- mice. FACS analysis revealed that IL-36R signaling in keratinocytes is mandatory for early neutrophil infiltration in Aldara-treated ears. RNASeq and qRT-PCR experiments demonstrated the crucial role of IL-36R signaling in keratinocytes for induction of IL-23, IL-17, and IL-22 at early time points. Taken together, our results demonstrate that IL-36R signaling in keratinocytes plays a major role in the induction of Aldara-induced psoriasis-like dermatitis by triggering early production of IL-23/IL-17/IL-22 cytokines and neutrophil infiltration.

15.
Arthritis Res Ther ; 22(1): 70, 2020 04 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32264972

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic cytokine that plays a key role in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis. Sarilumab is a human monoclonal antibody that binds membrane-bound and soluble IL-6 receptor-α to inhibit IL-6 signalling. The aim of this study was to compare the effects of sarilumab and adalimumab (a tumour necrosis factor alpha inhibitor) monotherapy on levels of circulating biomarkers associated with the acute-phase response, bone remodelling, atherothrombosis, anaemia of chronic disease and markers purported to reflect synovial lymphoid and myeloid cell infiltrates, as well as the potential of these biomarkers to differentially predict clinical and patient-reported outcomes with sarilumab vs. adalimumab. METHODS: In this post hoc analysis, serum samples were analysed at baseline and prespecified post-treatment timepoints up to week 24 in adults with moderate-to-severe active rheumatoid arthritis intolerant of or inadequate responders to methotrexate from the MONARCH trial (NCT02332590). RESULTS: Greater reductions in C-reactive protein (CRP; - 94.0% vs. -24.0%), serum amyloid A (SAA; - 83.2% vs. -17.4%), total receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand (RANKL; - 18.3% vs. 10.5%) and lipoprotein (a) (- 41.0% vs. -2.8%) were observed at week 24 with sarilumab vs. adalimumab, respectively (adjusted p < 0.0001). Greater increases in procollagen type 1 N-terminal propeptide (P1NP) were observed with sarilumab vs. adalimumab at week 24 (22.8% vs. 6.2%, p = 0.027). Patients with high baseline SAA, CRP and matrix metalloproteinase-3 (MMP-3) were more likely to achieve clinical efficacy, including American College of Rheumatology 20% improvement criteria and Disease Activity Score (28 joints)-CRP < 3.2, and report improvements in patient-reported outcomes, including Health Assessment Questionnaire-Disability Index and pain visual analogue scale, with sarilumab than adalimumab. CONCLUSION: Sarilumab was associated with greater positive effects on bone remodelling and decreases in biomarkers of the acute-phase response, synovial inflammation and cardiovascular risk vs. adalimumab. High baseline concentrations of SAA, CRP and MMP-3 are predictive of clinical and patient-reported outcome responses to sarilumab treatment and prospective validation is warranted to confirm these results. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov, NCT02332590. Registered on 5 January 2015.

16.
17.
Rheumatol Int ; 40(5): 747-755, 2020 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32040761

RESUMO

Assessment of individual therapeutic responses provides valuable information concerning treatment benefits in individual patients. We evaluated individual therapeutic responses as determined by the Disease Activity Score-28 joints critical difference for improvement (DAS28-dcrit) in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients treated with intravenous tocilizumab or comparator anti-tumor necrosis factor (TNF) agents. The previously published DAS28-dcrit value [DAS28 decrease (improvement) ≥ 1.8] was retrospectively applied to data from two studies of tocilizumab in RA, the 52-week ACT-iON observational study and the 24-week ADACTA randomized study. Data were compared within (not between) studies. DAS28 was calculated with erythrocyte sedimentation rate as the inflammatory marker. Stability of DAS28-dcrit responses and European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) good responses was determined by evaluating repeated responses at subsequent timepoints. A logistic regression model was used to calculate p values for differences in response rates between active agents. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs; pain, global health, function, and fatigue) in DAS28-dcrit responder versus non-responder groups were compared with an ANCOVA model. DAS28-dcrit individual response rates were 78.2% in tocilizumab-treated patients and 58.2% in anti-TNF-treated patients at week 52 in the ACT-ion study (p = 0.0001) and 90.1% versus 59.1% at week 24 in the ADACTA study (p < 0.0001). DAS28-dcrit responses showed greater stability over time (up to 52 weeks) than EULAR good responses. For both active treatments, DAS28-dcrit responses were associated with statistically significant improvements in mean PRO values compared with non-responders. The DAS28-dcrit response criterion provides robust assessments of individual responses to RA therapy and may be useful for discriminating between active agents in clinical studies and guiding treat-to-target decisions in daily practice.

18.
J Immunol ; 204(4): 967-979, 2020 02 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31932497

RESUMO

The inflammatory effects of IL-1α/ß are controlled by IL-1R antagonist (IL-1Ra). One IL-1Ra isoform is secreted, whereas three other isoforms (intracellular IL-1Ra [icIL-1Ra] 1, 2, and 3) are supposed to remain intracellular because of the absence of a signal peptide. In contrast to the well-characterized function of the secreted isoform, the biological role of the intracellular isoforms remains largely unclear. icIL-1Ra1 represents the major isoform in keratinocytes. We created icIL-1Ra1-/- mice and investigated the role of icIL-1Ra1 in Aldara (5% imiquimod)-induced psoriasis-like skin inflammation. Naive icIL-1Ra1-/- mice bred habitually and exhibited a normal phenotype. icIL-1Ra1 deficiency aggravated Aldara-induced skin inflammation, as demonstrated by increased ear thickness and increased mRNA levels of key proinflammatory cytokines. No intracellular effect of icIL-1Ra1 could be detected in isolated keratinocytes using RNA-sequencing analysis; however, Aldara treatment led to caspase 1/11-, caspase 8-, and RIPK3-independent keratinocyte cell death accompanied by the release of both icIL-1Ra1 and IL-1α. Furthermore, blocking IL-1α attenuated the clinical severity of Aldara-induced ear thickening in icIL-1Ra1-/- mice. Our data suggest that upon keratinocyte damage icIL-1Ra1 acts extracellularly as an antagonist of the alarmin IL-1α to immediately counteract its inflammatory effects.


Assuntos
Alarminas/antagonistas & inibidores , Apoptose/imunologia , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/metabolismo , Interleucina-1alfa/antagonistas & inibidores , Psoríase/imunologia , Alarminas/imunologia , Alarminas/metabolismo , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Humanos , Imiquimode/imunologia , Proteína Antagonista do Receptor de Interleucina 1/imunologia , Interleucina-1alfa/imunologia , Interleucina-1alfa/metabolismo , Queratinócitos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Knockout , Isoformas de Proteínas/imunologia , Isoformas de Proteínas/metabolismo , Psoríase/diagnóstico , Psoríase/patologia , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Transdução de Sinais/imunologia , Pele/citologia , Pele/imunologia , Pele/patologia
SELEÇÃO DE REFERÊNCIAS
DETALHE DA PESQUISA
...