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1.
Nat Commun ; 12(1): 1717, 2021 03 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33741967

RESUMO

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) are pathologically activated neutrophils and monocytes with potent immune suppressive activity. These cells play an important role in accelerating tumor progression and undermining the efficacy of anti-cancer therapies. The natural mechanisms limiting MDSC activity are not well understood. Here, we present evidence that type I interferons (IFN1) receptor signaling serves as a universal mechanism that restricts acquisition of suppressive activity by these cells. Downregulation of the IFNAR1 chain of this receptor is found in MDSC from cancer patients and mouse tumor models. The decrease in IFNAR1 depends on the activation of the p38 protein kinase and is required for activation of the immune suppressive phenotype. Whereas deletion of IFNAR1 is not sufficient to convert neutrophils and monocytes to MDSC, genetic stabilization of IFNAR1 in tumor bearing mice undermines suppressive activity of MDSC and has potent antitumor effect. Stabilizing IFNAR1 using inhibitor of p38 combined with the interferon induction therapy elicits a robust anti-tumor effect. Thus, negative regulatory mechanisms of MDSC function can be exploited therapeutically.


Assuntos
Interferon Tipo I/metabolismo , Células Supressoras Mieloides/imunologia , Neoplasias/metabolismo , Receptor de Interferon alfa e beta/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Animais , Antineoplásicos/farmacologia , Medula Óssea , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Feminino , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Knockout , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monócitos/imunologia , Neutrófilos/imunologia , Receptor de Interferon alfa e beta/genética , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
2.
Nat Rev Immunol ; 2021 Feb 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33526920

RESUMO

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) are pathologically activated neutrophils and monocytes with potent immunosuppressive activity. They are implicated in the regulation of immune responses in many pathological conditions and are closely associated with poor clinical outcomes in cancer. Recent studies have indicated key distinctions between MDSCs and classical neutrophils and monocytes, and, in this Review, we discuss new data on the major genomic and metabolic characteristics of MDSCs. We explain how these characteristics shape MDSC function and could facilitate therapeutic targeting of these cells, particularly in cancer and in autoimmune diseases. Additionally, we briefly discuss emerging data on MDSC involvement in pregnancy, neonatal biology and COVID-19.

3.
J Exp Med ; 218(4)2021 Apr 05.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33566112

RESUMO

In this study, using single-cell RNA-seq, cell mass spectrometry, flow cytometry, and functional analysis, we characterized the heterogeneity of polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) in cancer. We describe three populations of PMNs in tumor-bearing mice: classical PMNs, polymorphonuclear myeloid-derived suppressor cells (PMN-MDSCs), and activated PMN-MDSCs with potent immune suppressive activity. In spleens of mice, PMN-MDSCs gradually replaced PMNs during tumor progression. Activated PMN-MDSCs were found only in tumors, where they were present at the very early stages of the disease. These populations of PMNs in mice could be separated based on the expression of CD14. In peripheral blood of cancer patients, we identified two distinct populations of PMNs with characteristics of classical PMNs and PMN-MDSCs. The gene signature of tumor PMN-MDSCs was similar to that in mouse activated PMN-MDSCs and was closely associated with negative clinical outcome in cancer patients. Thus, we provide evidence that PMN-MDSCs are a distinct population of PMNs with unique features and potential for selective targeting opportunities.

4.
Methods Mol Biol ; 2236: 19-28, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33237537

RESUMO

Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) are immunosuppressive myeloid cells that accumulate in tumor sites and peripheral lymphoid organs such as the spleen. In murine cancer models, the spleen is a major reservoir for MDSC, representing an easily accessible tissue from which to isolate high numbers of these cell population for downstream applications. Here we describe an efficient method to phenotype as well as to isolate and assess the functionality of murine splenic MDSC.


Assuntos
Separação Celular/métodos , Imunofenotipagem/métodos , Células Supressoras Mieloides/patologia , Neoplasias/patologia , Baço/patologia , Animais , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Camundongos , Monócitos/patologia , Neutrófilos/patologia , Fenótipo
5.
Cancer Res ; 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33262126

RESUMO

Metastatic dissemination remains a significant barrier to successful therapy for melanoma. Wnt5A is a potent driver of invasion in melanoma and is believed to be secreted from the tumor microenvironment. Our data suggest that myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSC) in the tumor microenvironment (TME) are a major source of Wnt5A and are reliant upon Wnt5A for multiple actions. Knockdown of Wnt5A specifically in the myeloid cells demonstrated a clear decrease in Wnt5A expression within the TME in vivo as well as a decrease in intratumoral MDSC and Treg. Wnt5A knockdown also decreased the immunosuppressive nature of MDSC and decreased expression of TGF-ß1 and arginase 1. In the presence of Wnt5A-depleted MDSC, tumor-infiltrating lymphocytes expressed decreased PD-1 and LAG3, suggesting a less exhausted phenotype. Myeloid-specific Wnt5A knockdown also led to decreased lung metastasis. Tumor-infiltrating MDSC from control animals showed a strong positive correlation with Treg, which was completely ablated in animals with Wnt5A-negative MDSC. Overall, our data suggest that while MDSC contribute to an immunosuppressive and less immunogenic environment, they exhibit an additional function as the major source of Wnt5A in the TME.

6.
Sci Transl Med ; 12(572)2020 Dec 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33268511

RESUMO

Tumor recurrence years after seemingly successful treatment of primary tumors is one of the major causes of mortality in patients with cancer. Reactivation of dormant tumor cells is largely responsible for this phenomenon. Using dormancy models of lung and ovarian cancer, we found a specific mechanism, mediated by stress and neutrophils, that may govern this process. Stress hormones cause rapid release of proinflammatory S100A8/A9 proteins by neutrophils. S100A8/A9 induce activation of myeloperoxidase, resulting in accumulation of oxidized lipids in these cells. Upon release from neutrophils, these lipids up-regulate the fibroblast growth factor pathway in tumor cells, causing tumor cell exit from the dormancy and formation of new tumor lesions. Higher serum concentrations of S100A8/A9 were associated with shorter time to recurrence in patients with lung cancer after complete tumor resection. Targeting of S100A8/A9 or ß2-adrenergic receptors abrogated stress-induced reactivation of dormant tumor cells. These observations demonstrate a mechanism linking stress and specific neutrophil activation with early recurrence in cancer.

7.
Cell Rep ; 33(13): 108571, 2020 12 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33378668

RESUMO

Here, we report that functional heterogeneity of macrophages in cancer could be determined by the nature of their precursors: monocytes (Mons) and monocytic myeloid-derived suppressor cells (M-MDSCs). Macrophages that are differentiated from M-MDSCs, but not from Mons, are immune suppressive, with a genomic profile matching that of M-MDSCs. Immune-suppressive activity of M-MDSC-derived macrophages is dependent on the persistent expression of S100A9 protein in these cells. S100A9 also promotes M2 polarization of macrophages. Tissue-resident- and Mon-derived macrophages lack expression of this protein. S100A9-dependent immune-suppressive activity of macrophages involves transcription factor C/EBPß. The presence of S100A9-positive macrophages in tumor tissues is associated with shorter survival in patients with head and neck cancer and poor response to PD-1 antibody treatment in patients with metastatic melanoma. Thus, this study reveals the pathway of the development of immune-suppressive macrophages and suggests an approach to their selective targeting.

8.
Clin Cancer Res ; 2020 Nov 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33203644

RESUMO

PURPOSE: New therapies are needed to treat immune checkpoint inhibitor-resistant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) and identify biomarkers to personalize treatment. Epigenetic therapies, including histone deacetylase inhibitors, may synergize with programmed cell death-1 (PD-1)blockade to overcome resistance. We report outcomes in patients with anti-PD-(L)1-resistant/refractory NSCLC treated with pembrolizumab plus entinostat in ENCORE 601. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: The expansion cohort of ENCORE 601 included patients with NSCLC who previously experienced disease progression with immune checkpoint inhibitors. The primary endpoint for the phase 2 expansion cohort is overall response rate (ORR); safety, tolerability, and exploratory endpoints are described. RESULTS: Of 76 treated patients,71 were evaluable for efficacy. irRECIST-assessed ORRwas 9.2%(95% CI: 3.8-18.1), which did not meet the prespecified threshold for positivity. Median DOR was 10.1 months(95% CI: 3.9-NE),PFS at 6 months was 22%, median PFS was 2.8 months(95% CI: 1.5-4.1),and median OS was11.7 months (95% CI: 7.6-13.4). Benefit was enriched among patients with high levels of circulating classical monocytes at baseline. Baseline tumor PD-L1 expression and IFNγgene expression were not associated with benefit. Treatment-related Grade ≥3 adverse events occurred in 41% of patients. CONCLUSIONS: In anti-PD-(L)1-experienced NSCLC patients, entinostat plus pembrolizumab did not achieve the primary response rate endpoint but provided a clinically meaningful benefit with objective response in 9% of patients. No new toxicities, including immune-related adverse events, were seen for either drug. Future studies will continue to evaluate the association of monocyte levels and response.

9.
Cancer Res ; 80(23): 5270-5281, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33023943

RESUMO

The protein chaperone HSP70 is overexpressed in many cancers including colorectal cancer, where overexpression is associated with poor survival. We report here the creation of a uniquely acting HSP70 inhibitor (HSP70i) that targets multiple compartments in the cancer cell, including mitochondria. This inhibitor was mitochondria toxic and cytotoxic to colorectal cancer cells, but not to normal colon epithelial cells. Inhibition of HSP70 was efficacious as a single agent in primary and metastatic models of colorectal cancer and enabled identification of novel mitochondrial client proteins for HSP70. In a syngeneic colorectal cancer model, the inhibitor increased immune cell recruitment into tumors. Cells treated with the inhibitor secreted danger-associated molecular patterns (DAMP), including ATP and HMGB1, and functioned effectively as a tumor vaccine. Interestingly, the unique properties of this HSP70i in the disruption of mitochondrial function and the inhibition of proteostasis both contributed to DAMP release. This HSP70i constitutes a promising therapeutic opportunity in colorectal cancer and may exhibit antitumor activity against other tumor types. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings describe a novel HSP70i that disrupts mitochondrial proteostasis, demonstrating single-agent efficacy that induces immunogenic cell death in treated tumors.

10.
Science ; 369(6506): 942-949, 2020 08 21.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32820120

RESUMO

Gamma delta (γδ) T cells infiltrate most human tumors, but current immunotherapies fail to exploit their in situ major histocompatibility complex-independent tumoricidal potential. Activation of γδ T cells can be elicited by butyrophilin and butyrophilin-like molecules that are structurally similar to the immunosuppressive B7 family members, yet how they regulate and coordinate αß and γδ T cell responses remains unknown. Here, we report that the butyrophilin BTN3A1 inhibits tumor-reactive αß T cell receptor activation by preventing segregation of N-glycosylated CD45 from the immune synapse. Notably, CD277-specific antibodies elicit coordinated restoration of αß T cell effector activity and BTN2A1-dependent γδ lymphocyte cytotoxicity against BTN3A1+ cancer cells, abrogating malignant progression. Targeting BTN3A1 therefore orchestrates cooperative killing of established tumors by αß and γδ T cells and may present a treatment strategy for tumors resistant to existing immunotherapies.


Assuntos
Antígenos CD/imunologia , Butirofilinas/antagonistas & inibidores , Butirofilinas/imunologia , Linfócitos Intraepiteliais/imunologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/imunologia , Neoplasias Ovarianas/terapia , Animais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Antígenos CD/genética , Butirofilinas/genética , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Camundongos , Camundongos Transgênicos , Receptores de Antígenos de Linfócitos T alfa-beta/imunologia , Células Tumorais Cultivadas , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
11.
JCI Insight ; 5(17)2020 Sep 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32780726

RESUMO

New strategies are needed to enhance the efficacy of anti-programmed cell death protein antibody (anti-PD-1 Ab) in cancer. Here, we report that inhibiting palmitoyl-protein thioesterase 1 (PPT1), a target of chloroquine derivatives like hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), enhances the antitumor efficacy of anti-PD-1 Ab in melanoma. The combination resulted in tumor growth impairment and improved survival in mouse models. Genetic suppression of core autophagy genes, but not Ppt1, in cancer cells reduced priming and cytotoxic capacity of primed T cells. Exposure of antigen-primed T cells to macrophage-conditioned medium derived from macrophages treated with PPT1 inhibitors enhanced melanoma-specific killing. Genetic or chemical Ppt1 inhibition resulted in M2 to M1 phenotype switching in macrophages. The combination was associated with a reduction in myeloid-derived suppressor cells in the tumor. Ppt1 inhibition by HCQ, or DC661, induced cyclic GMP-AMP synthase/stimulator of interferon genes/TANK binding kinase 1 pathway activation and the secretion of interferon-ß in macrophages, the latter being a key component for augmented T cell-mediated cytotoxicity. Genetic Ppt1 inhibition produced similar findings. These data provide the rationale for this combination in melanoma clinical trials and further investigation in other cancers.

12.
Cancer Discov ; 10(8): 1100-1102, 2020 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32747371

RESUMO

In this issue of Cancer Discovery, Bayik and colleagues demonstrated sexual dimorphism in accumulation of different populations of myeloid-derived suppressor cells in glioblastoma and showed that they could be targeted by different agents.See related article by Bayik et al., p. 1210.

13.
JCI Insight ; 5(15)2020 Aug 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32584791

RESUMO

DCs are a critical component of immune responses in cancer primarily due to their ability to cross-present tumor-associated antigens. Cross-presentation by DCs in cancer is impaired, which may represent one of the obstacles for the success of cancer immunotherapies. Here, we report that polymorphonuclear myeloid-derived suppressor cells (PMN-MDSC) blocked cross-presentation by DCs without affecting direct presentation of antigens by these cells. This effect did not require direct cell-cell contact and was associated with transfer of lipids. Neutrophils (PMN) and PMN-MDSC transferred lipid to DCs equally well; however, PMN did not affect DC cross-presentation. PMN-MDSC generate oxidatively truncated lipids previously shown to be involved in impaired cross-presentation by DCs. Accumulation of oxidized lipids in PMN-MDSC was dependent on myeloperoxidase (MPO). MPO-deficient PMN-MDSC did not affect cross-presentation by DCs. Cross-presentation of tumor-associated antigens in vivo by DCs was improved in MDSC-depleted or tumor-bearing MPO-KO mice. Pharmacological inhibition of MPO in combination with checkpoint blockade reduced tumor progression in different tumor models. These data suggest MPO-driven lipid peroxidation in PMN-MDSC as a possible non-cell autonomous mechanism of inhibition of antigen cross-presentation by DCs and propose MPO as potential therapeutic target to enhance the efficacy of current immunotherapies for patients with cancer.

14.
Cancer Discov ; 10(9): 1282-1295, 2020 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32499221

RESUMO

Older patients with melanoma (>50 years old) have poorer prognoses and response rates to targeted therapy compared with young patients (<50 years old), which can be driven, in part, by the aged microenvironment. Here, we show that aged dermal fibroblasts increase the secretion of neutral lipids, especially ceramides. When melanoma cells are exposed to the aged fibroblast lipid secretome, or cocultured with aged fibroblasts, they increase the uptake of lipids via the fatty acid transporter FATP2, which is upregulated in melanoma cells in the aged microenvironment and known to play roles in lipid synthesis and accumulation. We show that blocking FATP2 in melanoma cells in an aged microenvironment inhibits their accumulation of lipids and disrupts their mitochondrial metabolism. Inhibiting FATP2 overcomes age-related resistance to BRAF/MEK inhibition in animal models, ablates tumor relapse, and significantly extends survival time in older animals. SIGNIFICANCE: These data show that melanoma cells take up lipids from aged fibroblasts, via FATP2, and use them to resist targeted therapy. The response to targeted therapy is altered in aged individuals because of the influences of the aged microenvironment, and these data suggest FATP2 as a target to overcome resistance.See related commentary by Montal and White, p. 1255.This article is highlighted in the In This Issue feature, p. 1241.

15.
J Clin Invest ; 130(6): 2789-2799, 2020 Jun 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32420917

RESUMO

The critical role of suppressive myeloid cells in immune regulation has come to the forefront in cancer research, with myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) as a main oncology immunotherapeutic target. Recent improvement and standardization of criteria classifying tumor-induced MDSCs have led to unified descriptions and also promoted MDSC research in tuberculosis (TB) and AIDS. Despite convincing evidence on the induction of MDSCs by pathogen-derived molecules and inflammatory mediators in TB and AIDS, very little attention has been given to their therapeutic modulation or roles in vaccination in these diseases. Clinical manifestations in TB are consequences of complex host-pathogen interactions and are substantially affected by HIV infection. Here we summarize the current understanding and knowledge gaps regarding the role of MDSCs in HIV and Mycobacterium tuberculosis (co)infections. We discuss key scientific priorities to enable application of this knowledge to the development of novel strategies to improve vaccine efficacy and/or implementation of enhanced treatment approaches. Building on recent findings and potential for cross-fertilization between oncology and infection biology, we highlight current challenges and untapped opportunities for translating new advances in MDSC research into clinical applications for TB and AIDS.

16.
Biomark Insights ; 15: 1177271920913320, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32341637

RESUMO

Current screening methods for prostate cancer (PCa) result in a large number of false positives making it difficult for clinicians to assess disease status, thus warranting advancements in screening and early detection methods. The goal of this study was to design a liquid biopsy test that uses flow cytometry-based immunophenotyping and artificial neural network (ANN) analysis to detect PCa. Numerous myeloid and lymphoid cell populations, including myeloid-derived suppressor cells, were measured from 156 patients with PCa, 123 with benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), and 99 male healthy donor (HD) controls. Using pattern recognition neural network (PRNN) analysis, a type of ANN, PCa detection compared against HD resulted in 96.6% sensitivity, 87.5% specificity, and an area under the curve (AUC) value of 0.97. Detecting patients with higher risk disease (⩾Gleason 7) against lower risk disease (BPH/Gleason 6) resulted in 92.0% sensitivity, 42.7% specificity, and an AUC of 0.72. This study suggests that analyzing flow cytometry immunophenotyping data with PRNNs may prove to be a useful tool to improve PCa detection and reduce the number of unnecessary prostate biopsies performed each year.

17.
Nat Chem Biol ; 16(3): 278-290, 2020 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32080625

RESUMO

Ferroptotic death is the penalty for losing control over three processes-iron metabolism, lipid peroxidation and thiol regulation-that are common in the pro-inflammatory environment where professional phagocytes fulfill their functions and yet survive. We hypothesized that redox reprogramming of 15-lipoxygenase (15-LOX) during the generation of pro-ferroptotic signal 15-hydroperoxy-eicosa-tetra-enoyl-phosphatidylethanolamine (15-HpETE-PE) modulates ferroptotic endurance. Here, we have discovered that inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS)/NO•-enrichment of activated M1 (but not alternatively activated M2) macrophages/microglia modulates susceptibility to ferroptosis. Genetic or pharmacologic depletion/inactivation of iNOS confers sensitivity on M1 cells, whereas NO• donors empower resistance of M2 cells to ferroptosis. In vivo, M1 phagocytes, in comparison to M2 phagocytes, exert higher resistance to pharmacologically induced ferroptosis. This resistance is diminished in iNOS-deficient cells in the pro-inflammatory conditions of brain trauma or the tumour microenvironment. The nitroxygenation of eicosatetraenoyl (ETE)-PE intermediates and oxidatively truncated species by NO• donors and/or suppression of NO• production by iNOS inhibitors represent a novel redox mechanism of regulation of ferroptosis in pro-inflammatory conditions.


Assuntos
Ferroptose/fisiologia , Macrófagos/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/metabolismo , Animais , Araquidonato 15-Lipoxigenase/metabolismo , Araquidonato 15-Lipoxigenase/fisiologia , Morte Celular , Feminino , Ferro/metabolismo , Ferro/fisiologia , Leucotrienos/metabolismo , Peroxidação de Lipídeos/fisiologia , Peróxidos Lipídicos/metabolismo , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Microglia/metabolismo , Óxido Nítrico Sintase Tipo II/fisiologia , Oxirredução , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
18.
Cancer Res ; 79(24): 6215-6226, 2019 Dec 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31582380

RESUMO

The regulators of mitochondrial cell death in cancer have remained elusive, hampering the development of new therapies. Here, we showed that protein isoforms of mitochondrial fission factor (MFF1 and MFF2), a molecule that controls mitochondrial size and shape, that is, mitochondrial dynamics, were overexpressed in patients with non-small cell lung cancer and formed homo- and heterodimeric complexes with the voltage-dependent anion channel-1 (VDAC1), a key regulator of mitochondrial outer membrane permeability. MFF inserted into the interior hole of the VDAC1 ring using Arg225, Arg236, and Gln241 as key contact sites. A cell-permeable MFF Ser223-Leu243 d-enantiomeric peptidomimetic disrupted the MFF-VDAC1 complex, acutely depolarized mitochondria, and triggered cell death in heterogeneous tumor types, including drug-resistant melanoma, but had no effect on normal cells. In preclinical models, treatment with the MFF peptidomimetic was well-tolerated and demonstrated anticancer activity in patient-derived xenografts, primary breast and lung adenocarcinoma 3D organoids, and glioblastoma neurospheres. These data identify the MFF-VDAC1 complex as a novel regulator of mitochondrial cell death and an actionable therapeutic target in cancer. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings describe mitochondrial fission regulation using a peptidomimetic agent that disturbs the MFF-VDAC complex and displays anticancer activity in multiple tumor models.See related commentary by Rao, p. 6074.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/patologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Proteínas de Membrana/metabolismo , Mitocôndrias/patologia , Dinâmica Mitocondrial/efeitos dos fármacos , Proteínas Mitocondriais/metabolismo , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Carcinoma Pulmonar de Células não Pequenas/tratamento farmacológico , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/tratamento farmacológico , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/antagonistas & inibidores , Camundongos , Mitocôndrias/efeitos dos fármacos , Mitocôndrias/metabolismo , Membranas Mitocondriais/efeitos dos fármacos , Membranas Mitocondriais/patologia , Proteínas Mitocondriais/antagonistas & inibidores , Permeabilidade/efeitos dos fármacos , Multimerização Proteica/efeitos dos fármacos , Canal de Ânion 1 Dependente de Voltagem/antagonistas & inibidores , Canal de Ânion 1 Dependente de Voltagem/metabolismo , Ensaios Antitumorais Modelo de Xenoenxerto
19.
J Clin Invest ; 129(10): 4261-4275, 2019 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31483289

RESUMO

Inflammation plays a critical role in the development of severe neonatal morbidities. Myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs) were recently implicated in the regulation of immune responses in newborns. Here, we report that the presence of MDSCs and their functional activity in infants are closely associated with the maturity of newborns and the presence of lactoferrin (LF) in serum. Low amounts of MDSCs at birth predicted the development of severe pathology in preterm infants - necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). In vitro treatment of newborn neutrophils and monocytes with LF converted these cells to MDSCs via the LRP2 receptor and activation of the NF-κB transcription factor. Decrease in the expression of LRP2 was responsible for the loss of sensitivity of adult myeloid cells to LF. LF-induced MDSCs (LF-MDSCs) were effective in the treatment of newborn mice with NEC, acting by blocking inflammation, resulting in increased survival. LF-MDSCs were more effective than treatment with LF protein alone. In addition to affecting NEC, LF-MDSCs demonstrated potent ability to control ovalbumin-induced (OVA-induced) lung inflammation, dextran sulfate sodium-induced (DSS-induced) colitis, and concanavalin A-induced (ConA-induced) hepatitis. These results suggest that cell therapy with LF-MDSCs may provide potent therapeutic benefits in infants with various pathological conditions associated with dysregulated inflammation.


Assuntos
Terapia Baseada em Transplante de Células e Tecidos/métodos , Inflamação/terapia , Lactoferrina/imunologia , Células Supressoras Mieloides/imunologia , Adulto , Animais , Animais Recém-Nascidos , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Enterocolite Necrosante/imunologia , Enterocolite Necrosante/patologia , Enterocolite Necrosante/terapia , Feminino , Humanos , Técnicas In Vitro , Recém-Nascido , Recém-Nascido Prematuro , Inflamação/imunologia , Inflamação/patologia , Lactoferrina/farmacologia , Proteína-2 Relacionada a Receptor de Lipoproteína de Baixa Densidade/imunologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Camundongos Transgênicos , Células Supressoras Mieloides/efeitos dos fármacos , Células Supressoras Mieloides/transplante , NF-kappa B/imunologia
20.
Cancer Res ; 79(21): 5482-5489, 2019 11 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31311810

RESUMO

ARID1A, encoding a subunit of the SWI/SNF complex, is the most frequently mutated epigenetic regulator in human cancers and is mutated in more than 50% of ovarian clear cell carcinomas (OCCC), a disease that currently has no effective therapy. Inhibition of histone deacetylase 6 (HDAC6) suppresses the growth of ARID1A-mutated tumors and modulates tumor immune microenvironment. Here, we show that inhibition of HDAC6 synergizes with anti-PD-L1 immune checkpoint blockade in ARID1A-inactivated ovarian cancer. ARID1A directly repressed transcription of CD274, the gene encoding PD-L1. Reduced tumor burden and improved survival were observed in ARID1Aflox/flox/PIK3CAH1047R OCCC mice treated with the HDAC6 inhibitor ACY1215 and anti-PD-L1 immune checkpoint blockade as a result of activation and increased presence of IFNγ-positive CD8 T cells. We confirmed that the combined treatment limited tumor progression in a cytotoxic T-cell-dependent manner, as depletion of CD8+ T cells abrogated these antitumor effects. Together, these findings indicate that combined HDAC6 inhibition and immune checkpoint blockade represents a potential treatment strategy for ARID1A-mutated cancers. SIGNIFICANCE: These findings offer a mechanistic rationale for combining epigenetic modulators and existing immunotherapeutic interventions against a disease that has been so far resistant to checkpoint blockade as a monotherapy.See related commentary by Prokunina-Olsson, p. 5476.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma de Células Claras , Neoplasias Ovarianas , Animais , Antígeno B7-H1 , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA , Feminino , Desacetilase 6 de Histona , Humanos , Camundongos , Proteínas Nucleares , Fatores de Transcrição , Microambiente Tumoral
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