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1.
World Neurosurg ; 133: 271-274, 2020 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31639501

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Epidermoid cysts (ECs) account for 0.5% to 1% of all spinal tumors. They can be congenital or acquired. Acquired spinal ECs are extremely rare and are mostly caused by trauma, or secondary to iatrogenic procedure such as lumbar punctures or surgery for spina bifida. As far as we know, this is the first report of a spinal EC complicating surgery for a lumbar disc herniation. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 69-year-old woman, with a history of L3-L4 lumbar disc herniation surgery 30 years earlier, presented because of low back pain, weakness of her lower limbs, and bladder dysfunction evolving for 2 years. Magnetic resonance imaging identified an intradural cystic lesion extending from the medullary cone to the L4 level, evoking an EC. The diagnosis was confirmed peroperatively. Neurologic motor signs improved postoperatively but not the sphincter disorders. CONCLUSIONS: Despite the extreme rarity of this event, we should be aware of the potential de novo development of epidermoid tumors in patients who undergo surgery for lumbar disc herniation. Concerns must be given to persistent low back pain and delayed neurologic symptoms in these patients.


Assuntos
Cauda Equina/diagnóstico por imagem , Cisto Epidérmico/etiologia , Deslocamento do Disco Intervertebral/cirurgia , Vértebras Lombares/cirurgia , Procedimentos Ortopédicos/efeitos adversos , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/etiologia , Idoso , Cauda Equina/cirurgia , Cisto Epidérmico/diagnóstico por imagem , Cisto Epidérmico/cirurgia , Feminino , Humanos , Laminectomia , Vértebras Lombares/diagnóstico por imagem , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/diagnóstico por imagem , Doenças do Sistema Nervoso Periférico/cirurgia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico por imagem , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/etiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/cirurgia , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
3.
J Spinal Cord Med ; 42(6): 810-812, 2019 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29791307

RESUMO

Context: We report the case of a 40-year-old woman with no pathological history, operated from an L4-L5 disc herniation by a left unilateral approach. The dura mater enveloping the left L5 root was accidentally injured at its lateral face causing a breach with CSF leakage. This breach could not be sutured. A few hours after waking, the patient presented an agitation followed by three generalized tonico-clonic seizures. Cerebral imaging revealed pneumocephalus. The patient was hospitalized in an intensive care unit. The symptoms gradually faded and the patient was discharged 3 days after surgery.Findings: Pneumocephalus is defined by the presence of air inside the skull. The symptoms of pneumocephalus are generally non-specific and varied, and this complication should also be kept in mind to prevent potentially severe course. The prevention of postoperative pneumocephalus depends on a well-defined strategy in the case of iatrogenic dural tear.Conclusions: Symptomatic pneumocephalus is a very rare complication in the course of lumbar surgery. Conservative therapy may be appropriate even in severe symptomatic manifestations.

4.
Surg Neurol Int ; 9: 97, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29888031

RESUMO

Background: Intracranial dermoid cysts are uncommon lesions with characteristic imaging appearances. Symptomatic clinical presentation usually occurs in one of two ways: mass effect or rupture. Radiologically, dermoid cysts typically present as low density masses on computed tomography (CT) scan and are generally hyperintense on T1-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) sequences with variable signal on T2-weighted sequences. Case Description: We present the case of a 35-year-old female presented with symptoms of increased intracranial pressure. Radiological investigations showed a cystic posterior fossa tumor that was not only hyperdense on CT scans but also hypointense on MRI T1-weighted images. The patient underwent a total-gross resection of an extra-parenchymal posterior fossa tumor. Pathologic examination of the specimen concluded to dermoid cyst. Conclusion: Dermoid cyst of the posterior fossa is a benign lesion surgically treatable. Only an appropriate radiological diagnosis of this lesion would permit a well-targeted therapeutic approach.

5.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 43: 56-60, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29453166

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Renal cell carcinomas represent 85% of malignant renal tumors. Typically, the tumor remains asymptomatic a long time before the appearance of urologic clinical signs. In some cases, metastasis can precede the manifestations of the primary tumor. Different sites are potential metastatic localizations for renal tumors, including skull metastases who represent a very rare location. CASE DESCRIPTION: We report the case of a 65-year-old man presented after the appearance of a skull mass. This tumefaction developed and had progressively grown up during 9 months. Neurological examination was normal. Brain imaging showed a soft tissue lesion in the left parietal bone with marked osteolysis. Peroperative was found a huge oval-shape hemorrhagic and firm mass associated with scalp invasion and bone destruction that was totally resected. Histopathology revealed renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Pelvic and abdominal CT scan was performed, revealing a large mass on the left kidney with irregular contours and poor definition. The patient was then transferred to urology where he underwent nephrectomy. The patient went then through adjuvant chemotherapy. Clinical and radiological follow up of 12 months did not bring to light tumor recurrence. CONCLUSIONS: Although metastases to the head and neck occur infrequently, they should be considered when evaluating any unusual subcutaneous mass in the head and neck. RCC should not be discounted when sites as unlikely as the calvaria are evaluated. Treatment of metastatic renal cell carcinoma is complex, and the optimal regimen for achieving a lasting response without severe toxicity has not yet been defined.

7.
Int J Surg Case Rep ; 42: 165-168, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29248834

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Intracranial metastases of gastro intestinal tumors are very rare. To the best of our knowledge only few cases were reported on the literature. CASE DESCRIPTION: We describe the case of 66-year-old male that presented with headache and vomiting. Physical examination found a kinetic cerebellar syndrome. Brain CT scan and MRI showed a right cerebellar tumor. Sub-occipital craniotomy was performed and the tumor was completely resected. Surgical outcomes were marked by the occurrence of an abdominal pain two days after brain surgery. Peritonitis was diagnosed and the patient underwent surgery. Per-operatively, a hemorrhagic tumor perforating the intestines was found and resected. Pathologic examination of the cerebral tumor's resection piece and the intestinal resection piece concluded to a metastasis of a stromal gastro-intestinal tumor. DISCUSSION: Gastro-intestinal stromal tumors are frequent neoplasms, but intracranial metastases of these neoplasms are extremely rare. Abdominal symptomatology frequently reveals the pathology. However, extra digestive symptoms may in rare cases disclose intestinal tumors. Intracranial metastases of gastro-intestinal stromal tumors are generally solitary mainly supratentorial. Infratentorial metastases are very uncommon. Management of gastro-intestinal stromal tumors is based on surgical removal of the tumor. Adjuvant treatment consisting on chemotherapy and radiotherapy is subject of debate. CONCLUSIONS: Gastro-intestinal stromal tumors are frequent neoplasms with a high metastasizing potential on liver and peritoneum. Brain metastases are extremely rare and the prognosis is worse when they are present. Surgery remains the main treatment for the primitive and the secondary lesions.

8.
Surg Neurol Int ; 8: 288, 2017.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29285404

RESUMO

Background: Syringomyelia is commonly associated with Chiari malformations, spinal trauma, arachnoiditis, or tumors. However, rarely, cervical canal stenosis is implicated in intramedullary cavitations. Case Discription: Here, we report the case of a 60-year-old male patient who presented with loss of pain and temperature sensation in upper extremities associated with a spastic tetraparesis. On magnetic resonance imaging, the patient was found to have syringomyelia extending from C1 to Th3. Following posterior decompressive surgery, the syrinx resolved along with the patient's neurological complaints. Conclusion: Here, the authors presented a case and reviewed the literature regarding how cervical spinal stenosis may contribute to cervical or thoracic syringomyelia.

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