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4.
Braz J Cardiovasc Surg ; 35(6): 986-989, 2020 Dec 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33306325

RESUMO

Since Barnard's first heterotopic heart transplant in 1974, Copeland's method has been the greatest contribution to heterotopic transplants but has the drawback of donor's right ventricular atrophy. This new method proposes a modification in the anastomosis of the superior vena cava aiming to pre-serve donor's right ventricular function by decompressing the pulmonary territory and reducing the pulmonary arterial pressure, as a biological ventricular assist device. Finally, a second intervention is proposed, where a "twist" is performed to place the donor's heart in an orthotopic position after re-moval of the native heart. A pioneering research on this method received approval from the ethics committee of the Heart Institute of São Paulo. We believe that this method has the potential to im-prove quality of life in a selected group of patients.

5.
Rev. bras. cir. cardiovasc ; 35(6): 986-989, Nov.-Dec. 2020. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | LILACS, Sec. Est. Saúde SP | ID: biblio-1143987

RESUMO

Abstract Since Barnard's first heterotopic heart transplant in 1974, Copeland's method has been the greatest contribution to heterotopic transplants but has the drawback of donor's right ventricular atrophy. This new method proposes a modification in the anastomosis of the superior vena cava aiming to pre-serve donor's right ventricular function by decompressing the pulmonary territory and reducing the pulmonary arterial pressure, as a biological ventricular assist device. Finally, a second intervention is proposed, where a "twist" is performed to place the donor's heart in an orthotopic position after re-moval of the native heart. A pioneering research on this method received approval from the ethics committee of the Heart Institute of São Paulo. We believe that this method has the potential to im-prove quality of life in a selected group of patients.

6.
BMC Cardiovasc Disord ; 20(1): 469, 2020 Oct 31.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33129270

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Candida prosthetic endocarditis is associated with high mortality rates and valve replacement surgery, together with antifungal treatment, play a major role in eradicating the fungal infection. Valve reoperations in these scenarios may be relatively common due to the high infection relapse rates and, in some cases, heart transplantation may be an imposing therapy for infection resolution and for the heart failure related to the myocardial reoperation injury. Among the many postoperative complications related to heart transplantation, chylopericardium is a rare but challenging example. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case of a 55-year-old man who was admitted to our hospital with a 1-month history of progressive dyspnea and fatigue. His past medical history included four open-heart surgeries for aortic and mitral valve replacement due to recurrent Candida parapsilosis infective endocarditis. Transthoracic echocardiogram showed a markedly reduced left ventricular systolic function and normofunctioning bioprosthetic valves. An inotropic dependency condition led to heart transplantation surgery. In the early postoperative period, a persistent chylous fluid started to drain from the pericardial tube, compatible with the diagnosis of chylopericardium. The lack of clinical response to total parenteral nutrition and intravenous infusion of octreotide imposed the need of interventional radiology with diagnostic lymphography through cisterna chyli puncture and thoracic duct catheterization, confirming the presence of a lymphatic fistula. A successful treatment outcome was achieved with percutaneous thoracic duct embolization using coils and n-butyl-cyanoacrilate glue, possibiliting hospital discharge. CONCLUSIONS: Fungal endocarditis requires combined treatment (surgical and antimicrobial) for eradication. Valve replacement, while necessary, may lead to severe ventricular deterioration and heart transplantation may be the only viable therapeutic solution. Among the several postoperative complications of heart transplantation, chylopericardium is an uncommon and defiant example. Advances in interventional radiology like the percutaneous embolization allow a less invasive and highly efficient approach for this complication.

7.
Trials ; 21(1): 337, 2020 Apr 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32299458

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Ischemic cardiomyopathy and severe left ventricular dysfunction are well established to represent the main determinants of poor survival and premature death compared with preserved ventricular function. However, the role of myocardial revascularization as a therapeutic alternative is not known to improve the long-term prognosis in this group of patients. This study will investigate whether myocardial revascularization contributes to a better prognosis for patients compared with those treated with drugs alone and followed over the long term. METHODS: The study will include 600 patients with coronary artery disease associated with ischemic cardiomyopathy. The surgical or drug therapy option will be randomized, and the events considered for analysis will be all-cause mortality, nonfatal infarction, unstable angina requiring additional revascularization, and stroke. The events will be analyzed according to the intent-to-treat principle. Patients with multivessel coronary disease and left ventricular ejection fraction measurements of less than 35% will be included. In addition, myocardial ischemia will be documented by myocardial scintigraphy. Markers of myocardial necrosis will be checked at admission and after the procedure. DISCUSSION: The role of myocardial revascularization (CABG) in the treatment of patients with coronary artery disease and heart failure is not clearly established. The surgical option of revascularizing the myocardium is a procedure designed to reduce the load of myocardial hibernation in patients with heart failure caused by coronary artery disease. On the other hand, the assessment of myocardial viability is frequently used to identify patients with left ventricular ischemic dysfunction in which CABG may add survival benefit. However, the effectiveness of this option is uncertain. The great difficulty in establishing the efficacy of surgical intervention is based on the understanding of viability without ischemia. Thus, this study will include only patients with viable and truly ischemic myocardium to correct this anomaly. TRIAL REGISTRATION: Evaluation of a randomized comparison between patients with coronary artery disease associated with ischemic cardiomyopathy submitted to medical or surgical treatment: MASS-VI (HF), ISRCTN77449548, Oct 10th, 2019 (retrospectively registered).

8.
BMC Anesthesiol ; 20(1): 60, 2020 03 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32143558

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Fluid overload is a risk factor for morbidity, mortality, and prolonged ventilation time after surgery. Patients on maintenance hemodialysis might be at higher risk. We hypothesized that fluid accumulation would be directly associated with extended ventilation time in patients on hemodialysis, as compared to patients with chronic kidney disease not on dialysis (CKD3-4) and patients with normal renal function (reference group). METHODS: This is a prospective observational study that included patients submitted to isolated and elective coronary artery bypass surgery, divided in 3 groups according to time on mechanical ventilation: < 24 h, 24-48 h and > 48 h. The same observer followed patients daily from the surgery to the hospital discharge. Cumulative fluid balance was defined as the sum of daily fluid balance over the first 5 days following surgery. RESULTS: Patients requiring more than 48 h of ventilation (5.3%) had a lower estimated glomerular filtration rate, were more likely to be on maintenance dialysis, had longer anesthesia time, needed higher dobutamine and noradrenaline infusion following surgery, and had longer hospitalization stay. Multivariate analysis revealed that the fluid accumulation, scores of sequential organ failure assessment in the day following surgery, and the renal function (normal, chronic kidney disease not on dialysis and maintenance hemodialysis) were independently associated with time in mechanical ventilation. Among patients on hemodialysis, the time from the surgery to the first hemodialysis session also accounted for the time on mechanical ventilation. CONCLUSIONS: Fluid accumulation is an important risk factor for lengthening mechanical ventilation, particularly in patients on hemodialysis. Future studies are warranted to address the ideal timing for initiating dialysis in this scenario in an attempt to reduce fluid accumulation and avoid prolonged ventilation time and hospital stay.

12.
Clin Infect Dis ; 65(7): 1103-1111, 2017 10 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28575239

RESUMO

Background: Chagas disease, caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi, is endemic in Latin America and affects 10 million people worldwide. Approximately 12000 deaths attributable to Chagas disease occur annually due to chronic Chagas disease cardiomyopathy (CCC), an inflammatory cardiomyopathy presenting with heart failure and arrythmia; 30% of infected subjects develop CCC years after infection. Genetic mechanisms play a role in differential progression to CCC, but little is known about the role of epigenetic modifications in pathological gene expression patterns in CCC patients' myocardium. DNA methylation is the most common modification in the mammalian genome. Methods: We investigated the impact of genome-wide cardiac DNA methylation on global gene expression in myocardial samples from end-stage CCC patients, compared to control samples from organ donors. Results: In total, 4720 genes were differentially methylated between CCC patients and controls, of which 399 were also differentially expressed. Several of them were related to heart function or to the immune response and had methylation sites in their promoter region. Reporter gene and in silico transcription factor binding analyses indicated promoter methylation modified expression of key genes. Among those, we found potassium channel genes KCNA4 and KCNIP4, involved in electrical conduction and arrythmia, SMOC2, involved in matrix remodeling, as well as enkephalin and RUNX3, potentially involved in the increased T-helper 1 cytokine-mediated inflammatory damage in heart. Conclusions: Results support that DNA methylation plays a role in the regulation of expression of pathogenically relevant genes in CCC myocardium, and identify novel potential disease pathways and therapeutic targets in CCC.


Assuntos
Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/genética , Doença de Chagas/genética , Metilação de DNA/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Cardiomiopatia Chagásica/parasitologia , Doença de Chagas/parasitologia , Doença Crônica , Impressões Digitais de DNA/métodos , Feminino , Expressão Gênica/genética , Coração/parasitologia , Humanos , Inflamação/genética , Inflamação/parasitologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Miocárdio/metabolismo , Canais de Potássio/genética , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas/genética , Trypanosoma cruzi/patogenicidade , Adulto Jovem
13.
J Infect Dis ; 214(1): 161-5, 2016 07 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26951817

RESUMO

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) modulate gene expression at the epigenetic, transcriptional, and posttranscriptional levels. Dysregulation of the lncRNA known as myocardial infarction-associated transcript (MIAT) has been associated with myocardial infarction. Chagas disease causes a severe inflammatory dilated chronic cardiomyopathy (CCC). We investigated the role of MIAT in CCC. A whole-transcriptome analysis of heart biopsy specimens and formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded samples revealed that MIAT was overexpressed in patients with CCC, compared with subjects with noninflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy and controls. These results were confirmed in a mouse model. Results suggest that MIAT is a specific biomarker of CCC.


Assuntos
Doença de Chagas/complicações , Doença de Chagas/genética , Perfilação da Expressão Gênica , Infarto do Miocárdio/etiologia , Infarto do Miocárdio/genética , RNA Longo não Codificante , Animais , Doença de Chagas/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Camundongos , Fatores de Transcrição
14.
In. Kalil Filho, Roberto; Fuster, Valetim; Albuquerque, Cícero Piva de. Medicina cardiovascular reduzindo o impacto das doenças / Cardiovascular medicine reducing the impact of diseases. São Paulo, Atheneu, 2016. p.531-543.
Monografia em Português | LILACS | ID: biblio-971554
17.
Rev. Soc. Cardiol. Estado de Säo Paulo ; 24(3): 54-61, jul.-set.2014.
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-763798

RESUMO

O transplante cardíaco é reconhecido como o melhor tratamentopara a insuficiência cardíaca refratária. O Brasil tem um grandepotencial de aumento do número de transplantes, já que atualmenteo aproveitamento dos potenciais doadores é muito baixo. Os pioresresultados do transplante aqui, quando comparados aos dadosinternacionais, decorrem, em parte, da associação de doadorespior cuidados e receptores mais graves, com limitação de acessoaos dispositivos de assistência circulatória. O desenvolvimento decentros transplantadores capazes de melhorar a condição clínicados receptores e de criar condições para aumentar a efetivaçãodos doadores pode ter um impacto positivo no número e nosresultados dos transplantes. A organização do Heart Team, umaequipe multidisciplinar envolvendo profissionais com funçõescomplementares, é essencial para o aprimoramento não só do cuidadoao receptor, mas também de todo o processo envolvido no transplantecardíaco, incluindo a captação de órgãos. A equipe deve ser compostapor cardiologistas clínicos e cirurgiões cardiovasculares dedicadosao transplante cardíaco, outros especialistas (como intensivistas,infectologistas e patologistas) fundamentais no cuidado do receptor,enfermeiros e biomédicos envolvidos na avaliação e cuidado dosdoadores e na captação do órgão, enfermeiros dedicados à assistênciados receptores e uma equipe multidisciplinar envolvida em todo oprocesso, desde a avaliação do paciente com insuficiência cardíacarefratária, potencial candidato ao transplante, até o seguimento esuporte do transplantado cardíaco e seus familiares. Esta abordagemcompleta e harmoniosa que o Heart Team possibilita é certamente ocaminho para o crescimento do transplante cardíaco no Brasil.


Heart transplant is recognized as the treatment of choice forrefractory heart failure. Brazil has a great potential to increase thenumber of heart transplants, as the use of potential donors is nowtoo low. The worst results of heart transplants in Brazil, comparedwith international data, may be, in part, due to the association ofpoor care of donors and poor conditions of recipients, with limitedaccess to circulatory assistance devices. The development of hearttransplant centers capable of improving the clinical conditions ofthe recipients and creating ways to increase the use of donors mayhave a positive impact in the number and results of transplants. Theorganization of a “Heart Team”, a multidisciplinary team evolvingprofessionals with complementary functions, is essential not only toimprove the care of recipients, but also to improve the whole processof heart transplant, including organ harvesting. The team must becomposed of cardiologists and cardiovascular surgeons dedicated toheart transplant, other specialists (such as intensivists, infectologistsand pathologists) who have a crucial role in the care of recipients;nurses and biomedicals evolved in the evaluation and care of donorsand in organ harvesting; nurses dedicated in recipients assistanceand a multidisciplinary team evolved in the whole process, sincethe evaluation of the patient with refractory heart failure, a potentialcandidate for heart transplant, up to the follow-up and support ofheart transplanted patients and their families. This complete andharmonious approach that “Heart Team” enables is certainly theway to improve heart transplant in Brazil.


Assuntos
Humanos , Insuficiência Cardíaca/cirurgia , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Transplante de Coração/reabilitação , Coleta de Tecidos e Órgãos/métodos , Equipe de Assistência ao Paciente/ética , Seleção do Doador/métodos
18.
Rev Bras Cir Cardiovasc ; 28(3): 317-24, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24343680

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: The descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery is an option for coronary artery bypass grafting. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the early patency and adaptation of lumen diameter using multidetector computed angiotomography. METHODS: Thirty-two patients were selected to undergo coronary artery bypass grafting using the descending branch of the lateral circumflex artery, the internal thoracic artery, and other grafts. Evaluations were carried out through high resolution computed tomography performed on the 7th and 90th postoperative day. Diameters of the descending branch of the lateral circumflex artery and the left internal thoracic artery were measured 3 cm before the distal anastomosis, in the middle portion, and 3 cm after the proximal anastomosis. Diameters were compared using paired t-test (P<0.05). RESULTS: Descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery wDescending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery was used in 26 patients, as its use was not viable in six patients (18%). It was used as composite graft in all cases. The anterior descending branch was revascularized by the left internal thoracic artery in all cases. Patency rates of the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery were 96% and 92%, respectively. No occlusions were observed in the left internal thoracic artery (LITA) and no ischemic events were observed in the descending branch of the lateral circumflex. Descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery increased the lumen diameter in the middle (P=0.001) and distal portions (P=0.006); the left internal thoracic artery (LITA) increased in the middle portion (P=0.001). CONCLUSION: Similar to the left internal thoracic artery, the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery showed high patency rate and positive luminal adaptation. This early evaluation confirms the descending branch of the lateral femoral circumflex artery as a potential alternative for grafting. Due to anatomical variations, preoperative femoral angiographic evaluation appears to be mandatory.


Assuntos
Ponte de Artéria Coronária/métodos , Artéria Femoral/transplante , Grau de Desobstrução Vascular , Adulto , Idoso , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Angiografia Coronária , Feminino , Artéria Femoral/anatomia & histologia , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Artéria Torácica Interna/transplante , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Estatísticas não Paramétricas , Fatores de Tempo , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X , Resultado do Tratamento
19.
Einstein (Sao Paulo) ; 11(3): 273-7, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24136751

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To correlate the serum levels of B type natriuretic peptide and the N-terminal fraction of the pro-B type natriuretic peptide, as well as to analyze the influence of age, obesity, renal failure, left ventricle ejection fraction, diastolic dysfunction, and anemia on serum levels of both markers. METHODS: An observational study in which the agreement was compared between these markers in consecutive samples of 138 patients. For the correlation, Pearson's test was used, and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: A linear association was observed between the B type natriuretic peptide and N-terminal fraction of the pro-B type natriuretic peptide (r=0.907; p<0.001). When evaluating the categorized measurements as normal and altered, there was good agreement, with 90.6% of agreement classifications (p<0.001) in which altered values of the N-terminal fraction of the pro-B type natriuretic peptide and normal values of the B type natriuretic peptide represented 8.7% of the total; the opposite situation represented 1% of the total. Assessment of the influence of the clinical and laboratorial factors on the levels of natriuretic peptides showed that they rise according to age, but that they fall as the ejection fraction increases. Patients with anemia (p<0.001) or with renal failure (p=0.007) had higher values of both markers. There was no association between obesity and the B type natriuretic peptide. CONCLUSION: There was satisfactory agreement between the B type natriuretic peptide and the N-terminal fraction of the pro-B type natriuretic peptide. Age, creatinine levels, and hemoglobin, as well as ventricular function, influence the serum levels of both natriuretic peptides.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca/sangue , Peptídeo Natriurético Encefálico/sangue , Fragmentos de Peptídeos/sangue , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores/sangue , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Insuficiência Cardíaca/diagnóstico , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Adulto Jovem
20.
Einstein (Säo Paulo) ; 11(3): 273-277, jul.-set. 2013. graf, tab
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-688628

RESUMO

OBJETIVO: Correlacionar os níveis séricos do peptídeo natriurético tipo B e da fração N-terminal do pró-peptídeo natriurético tipo B, além de analisar a influência de idade, obesidade, insuficiência renal, fração da ejeção do ventrículo esquerdo, disfunção diastólica e anemia nos níveis séricos de ambos os marcadores. MÉTODOS: Estudo observacional, no qual se comparou a concordância entre esses marcadores em amostras consecutivas de 138 pacientes. Para a correlação, utilizou-se o teste de Pearson e foi considerado estatisticamente significante p<0,05. RESULTADOS: Observou-se associação linear entre peptídeo natriurético tipo B e fração N-terminal do pró-peptídeo natriurético tipo B (r=0,907; p<0,001). Ao se avaliarem as medidas categorizadas como normais e alteradas, encontrou-se boa concordância, com 90,6% de classificações concordantes (p<0,001), sendo que valores alterados da fração N-terminal do pró-peptídeo natriurético tipo B e normais de peptídeo natriurético tipo B representaram 8,7% do total, e o contrário representou 1% do total. A avaliação da influência dos fatores clínicos e laboratoriais nos níveis dos peptídeos natriuréticos mostrou que eles se elevam de acordo com a idade, mas que diminuem conforme aumenta a fração de ejeção. Pacientes com anemia (p<0,001) ou com insuficiência renal (p=0,007) apresentaram valores maiores de ambos os marcadores. Não houve associação entre obesidade e peptídeo natriurético tipo B. CONCLUSÃO: Houve concordância satisfatória entre peptídeo natriurético tipo B e a fração N-terminal do pró-peptídeo natriurético tipo B. Idade, níveis de creatinina e hemoglobina, assim como função ventricular, influenciam os níveis séricos de ambos os peptídeos natriuréticos.


OBJECTIVE: To correlate the serum levels of B type natriuretic peptide and the N-terminal fraction of the pro-B type natriuretic peptide, as well as to analyze the influence of age, obesity, renal failure, left ventricle ejection fraction, diastolic dysfunction, and anemia on serum levels of both markers. METHODS: An observational study in which the agreement was compared between these markers in consecutive samples of 138 patients. For the correlation, Pearson's test was used, and p<0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS: A linear association was observed between the B type natriuretic peptide and N-terminal fraction of the pro-B type natriuretic peptide (r=0.907; p<0.001). When evaluating the categorized measurements as normal and altered, there was good agreement, with 90.6% of agreement classifications (p<0.001) in which altered values of the N-terminal fraction of the pro-B type natriuretic peptide and normal values of the B type natriuretic peptide represented 8.7% of the total; the opposite situation represented 1% of the total. Assessment of the influence of the clinical and laboratorial factors on the levels of natriuretic peptides showed that they rise according to age, but that they fall as the ejection fraction increases. Patients with anemia (p<0.001) or with renal failure (p=0.007) had higher values of both markers. There was no association between obesity and the B type natriuretic peptide. CONCLUSION: There was satisfactory agreement between the B type natriuretic peptide and the N-terminal fraction of the pro-B type natriuretic peptide. Age, creatinine levels, and hemoglobin, as well as ventricular function, influence the serum levels of both natriuretic peptides.


Assuntos
Insuficiência Cardíaca , Peptídeos Natriuréticos
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