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2.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol ; 75(4): 333-335, 2020 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31895873

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Several studies demonstrated that proton pump inhibitors (PPIs) co-administrated with dabigatran in patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) decreased dabigatran trough and peak plasma levels. However, it is still unknown whether this interaction is reversible or not, and whether the withdrawal of PPI would lead to normalization of dabigatran plasma levels. AIM OF STUDY: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of PPI withdrawal on dabigatran plasma levels in patients with AF. METHODS: This pilot prospective study enrolled 23 AF patients on long-term dabigatran and PPI therapy (omeprazole 20 mg twice daily or pantoprazole 40 mg once daily). Dabigatran trough and peak levels (ng/mL) were tested on PPI and after a 2-week period of PPI withdrawal with Hemoclot Thrombin Inhibitor Assay. RESULTS: The analysis of dabigatran plasma levels demonstrated significant elevation in trough dabigatran levels after 2 weeks of PPI withdrawal (97.2 ± 79.7 vs. 163.8 ± 105.5 ng/mL; P < 0.05). Moreover, significantly higher peak dabigatran levels were observed after 2 weeks of PPI withdrawal (142.4 ± 102.8 vs. 255 ± 129.5 ng/mL; P ≤ 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: This study showed that a 2-week period of PPI withdrawal lead to a significant increase in dabigatran trough and peak plasma levels in patients with AF.

3.
Transplant Proc ; 51(10): 3259-3264, 2019 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31732198

RESUMO

Practically all kidney allograft recipients require immunosuppressive therapy to prevent rejection and loss of the allograft. The aim of this study was to determine the occurrence of biopsy-proven acute rejection in low-immunologic risk kidney transplant recipients according to the type of induction (basiliximab vs low-dose of rabbit antithymocyte globulin [rATG], 3.5 mg/kg). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 125 patients after primary kidney transplant were included in the retrospective analysis with 6-month follow-up. The immunosuppression regimen included tacrolimus, mycophenolic acid, and corticoids. RESULTS: We did not find any significant difference in the occurrence of acute rejection or difference in the occurrence of infection complications. Patients in the rATG group had a significantly longer period of cold ischemia, more frequently received kidney transplants from expanded criteria donors, and had significantly more mismatches in HLA-DR. Delayed graft function (DGF) was identified as an independent risk factor for biopsy-proven acute rejection (hazard ratio, 3.4859; P = .003). There was comparable incidence of DGF between the 2 groups despite that there were several factors that are more commonly associated with DGF in the rATG group. CONCLUSION: Patients with low immunologic risk and high risk of DGF benefit from the rATG induction in dose of 3.5 mg/kg without the increased risk of infection complications with the assumption of good graft function in long-term post-transplant period.

4.
Semin Thromb Hemost ; 45(8): 846-850, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31537027

RESUMO

Dabigatran etexilate, a direct thrombin inhibitor, is now frequently used for long-term pharmacological prevention of stroke or systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation. However, such long-term dabigatran therapy (DT) significantly increases the risk of upper gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding. This increased risk of gastric bleeds might be reduced with gastroprotective agents, such as proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). PPIs coadministrated with dabigatran reduce the risk of upper GI bleeding in patients on long-term oral DT. Nevertheless, there is heated discussion regarding interactions between PPI and dabigatran that lead to decreases in dabigatran plasma levels. This article reviews up to date data about the risk of gastric bleeding on dabigatran, the impact of PPI on the reduction of gastric bleeding, and the interaction between PPI and dabigatran leading to decreased dabigatran plasma levels.

6.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 48(4): 619-622, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31264059

RESUMO

Very limited but promising experiences with the use of direct factor Xa inhibitors for the treatment of heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) have been reported. This contribution features our first experience with the use of apixaban (without a pre-treatment with parenteral anticoagulant) to treat a case of HIT which developed in a patient after multiple heart replacement surgery. Apixaban was effective, well tolerated and safe. An apixaban-calibrated chromogenic anti-Xa activity assessment was used to monitor apixaban activity throughout the therapy. Patient continued on apixaban for the prevention of thrombosis in the settings of atrial fibrillation. No ischemic or bleeding events occurred during the clinical follow up and the platelet count was stable. Our experience suggests that apixaban might be effectively used for the treatment of HIT and for the long-term prevention of embolism in patients after multiple valve replacement with biological prostheses and atrial fibrillation.

7.
Vnitr Lek ; 65(4): 264-272, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31091945

RESUMO

Insulin resistance (IR) is defined as insufficient insulin metabolic effect in target tissues, including glucose utilisation in skeletal muscle, suppression of hepatic glucose production and suppression of lipolysis in fat tissue. Primary IR originates as consequence of rare monogenetic defects of insulin receptor or molecules includes to post-receptor insulin signal cascade. Secondary IR originates mainly as a result of metabolic or hormonal changes, most commonly in visceral obesity by multifactorial postreceptor inhibition of insulin signal and it is associated with metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes mellitus. It is also present in endocrinopathies with overproduction of contraregulatory insulin hormones (cortisol, growth hormone, catecholamines) and using of some drugs (mainly steroids, immunosuppressive treatment). In practice IR is usually diagnosed by glycemic parameters with confirmation of prediabetic states and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The healthy life style and physical activity associated with weight loss are the most important for type 2 diabetes prevention. According to actual international guidelines metformin is only antidiabetic drug which is possible to use in prediabetic states with high risk of type 2 diabetes development, mainly in obese subjects with BMI > 35 kg/m2, age under 60 years and in women with history of gestational diabetes.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Hipoglicemiantes , Resistência à Insulina , Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Feminino , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Insulina
8.
J Diabetes Complications ; 33(4): 315-322, 2019 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30755355

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Sex differences are defined as biology-linked differences between women and men that occur through the sex chromosomes and their effects on organ systems. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The objective of this prospective study was to determine risk factors for post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) in men and women. RESULTS: A total of 417 patients (271 men and 146 women) were included in the monitored group. Age at the time of kidney transplantation (KT) >60 years and hypovitaminosis D at the time of KT (<20 µg/l) were identified as independent risk factors for PTDM in both men and women. It was further confirmed as an independent risk factor for men a waist circumference at the time of KT >94 cm, C-peptide at the time of KT >5 ng/ml, HOMA-IR >2 and triacylglycerols at the time of KT >1.7 mmol/l. In case of women, the dominant factor was BMI at the time of KT >30 kg/m2 and menopause at the time of KT. A significant decrease in C-peptide was recorded in women with PTDM. CONCLUSION: It was confirmed that there are gender differences with regard to the development of PTDM after KT. Women show pancreas ß cell dysfunction, whereas insulin resistance and metabolic syndrome are dominant in men.

10.
J Thromb Thrombolysis ; 47(1): 140-145, 2019 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30288664

RESUMO

Proton pump inhibition (PPI) reduces gastrointestinal bleeding on direct oral anticoagulants. However, PPI may affect dabigatran on-treatment levels; and there is no information regarding the effect of PPI on xabans on-treatment activity. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the impact of PPI on therapeutic anti-Xa activity in rivaroxaban- and apixaban-treated patients with atrial fibrillation (AF). This single-centre pilot prospective study enrolled 77 consecutive xabans-treated patients (42 rivaroxaban-treated and 35 apixaban-treated patients) with AF. PPI was administrated in 44 patients. Trough and peak anti-Xa activity was assessed with factor Xa-calibrated anti-Xa chromogenic analysis. There were no significant differences in trough anti-Xa activity comparing PPI-treated patients and patients without PPI (80.5 ± 66.5 ng/mL in PPI group vs. 71.6 ± 64.1 ng/mL in non-PPI group, p = 0.57, Table 2). Similarly, there were no significant differences in peak anti-Xa activity between compared groups (175.2 ± 102.5 ng/mL in PPI group vs. 202.9 ± 84.1 ng/mL in non-PPI group, p = 0.21). This pilot study did not reveal significant changes in xabans on-treatment anti-Xa activity according the PPI status.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Fator Xa/farmacologia , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/farmacologia , Anticoagulantes/farmacologia , Interações Medicamentosas , Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/induzido quimicamente , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/tratamento farmacológico , Humanos , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico
12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30198520

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Hormone changes during pregnancy lead to increased plasma lipid levels. When there is added disorder of lipid metabolism, this otherwise physiological change can cause extremely high triglyceride levels with potentionally life-threatening complications, such as non-biliary acute pancreatitis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We present a case report of a 27-year-old pregnant woman with familial hyperchylomicronemia and a history of 7 hypertriglyceridemia-induced acute pancreatitis attacks. Three attacks occured during her first pregnancy with the last one leading to its termination at 33 weeks owing to the death of the fetus. During her second pregnancy, standard treatment was not able to lower the triglyceride levels sufficiently and she suffered another acute pancreatitis attack. Therapeutic plasma exchange was therefore chosen as the treatment method. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Plasma exchange was succesful in the secondary prevention of acute pancreatitis attack and she delivered a healthy baby at 36 weeks of gestation. Treatment was very well tolerated by the mother and the fetus and this supports the use of apheresis as a safe and efficient method in tackling gestational hypertriglyceridemia.


Assuntos
Hipertrigliceridemia/prevenção & controle , Pancreatite/prevenção & controle , Troca Plasmática , Complicações na Gravidez/terapia , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Hipertrigliceridemia/sangue , Hipertrigliceridemia/terapia , Pancreatite/sangue , Pancreatite/terapia , Gravidez , Complicações na Gravidez/sangue , Resultado da Gravidez , Terceiro Trimestre da Gravidez , Prevenção Secundária
13.
Am J Ther ; 26(3): e308-e313, 2019.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28452843

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Proton pump inhibition (PPI) administrated together with dabigatran reduces the risk of gastrointestinal hemorrhage. However, there is a discussion regarding possible PPI-dabigatran interaction that may reduce the efficacy of this therapy. STUDY QUESTION: To determine the impact of concomitant PPI on dabigatran plasma levels in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NV-AF). STUDY DESIGN: A pilot prospective study in patients with NV-AF on dabigatran therapy was performed; 31 patients were enrolled. PPI with either omeprazole or pantoprazole was administrated in 19 patients. MEASURES AND OUTCOMES: Blood samples were taken for the assessment of the dabigatran trough and peak levels. Dabigatran concentration was measured with the Hemoclot Thrombin Inhibitor Assay. RESULTS: There were significant differences in dabigatran trough level comparing patients treated with PPI and patients without PPI (58.86 ± 36.76 ng/mL vs. 110.72 ± 88.47 ng/mL, P < 0.05). Similarly, there were significant differences in dabigatran peak level between compared groups (88.0 ± 20.5 ng/mL vs. 174.4 ± 139.64 ng/mL, P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: This pilot study demonstrated the interaction between PPI and dabigatran levels in patients with NV-AF.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/farmacocinética , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Dabigatrana/farmacocinética , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/prevenção & controle , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/farmacocinética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Dabigatrana/efeitos adversos , Interações Medicamentosas , Feminino , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Omeprazol/administração & dosagem , Omeprazol/farmacocinética , Pantoprazol/administração & dosagem , Pantoprazol/farmacocinética , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/administração & dosagem
14.
Obes Facts ; 11(6): 454-464, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30537756

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: To report changes in body composition and biochemical parameters in patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) after switching from multiple daily injection (MDI) to continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII). METHODS: 31 patients switched over from MDI to CSII. Body composition, biochemical parameters, glycaemic variability (GV) and level of physical activity were evaluated before and 6 months on CSII. RESULTS: In both sexes, we found an increase in skeletal muscle mass (SMM), (p = 0.008; 0.008). In men, there was mainly a decrease in visceral fat area (VFA), (p = 0.028) and in women there was decrease of total body fat (TBF), (p = 0.020) and non-significant decrease of VFA (p = 0.098). SMM inversely correlated with VFA in men (p = -0.001) and with TBF in women (p = -0.005 ). GV was decreased generally and correlated inversely with TBF in men only (p = -0.026). Physical activity was increased and correlated inversely with VFA in men (p = -0.002) and in women (p = -0.006). CONCLUSIONS: Using CSII in T1D leads to a significant increase of SMM in both sexes to a decrease of VFA in men and to a non-significant decrease of VFA in women. Changes in adipose tissue and SMM were also related to increased physical activity and to decreased GV.


Assuntos
Tecido Adiposo/efeitos dos fármacos , Distribuição da Gordura Corporal , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/tratamento farmacológico , Grelina/sangue , Sistemas de Infusão de Insulina , Insulina/administração & dosagem , Leptina/sangue , Músculo Esquelético/efeitos dos fármacos , Tecido Adiposo/metabolismo , Adulto , Idoso , Glicemia/efeitos dos fármacos , Glicemia/metabolismo , Composição Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Peso Corporal/efeitos dos fármacos , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/metabolismo , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 1/patologia , Feminino , Hemoglobina A Glicada/efeitos dos fármacos , Hemoglobina A Glicada/metabolismo , Humanos , Injeções Subcutâneas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Músculo Esquelético/patologia , Tamanho do Órgão/efeitos dos fármacos , Circunferência da Cintura
15.
J Diabetes Complications ; 32(9): 863-869, 2018 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30049444

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Obese patients have increased leptin production and selective resistance to its central anti-adipogenic effects, yet its pro-inflammatory immunostimulating effects persist. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In a group of 70 patients who underwent primary kidney transplantation (KT) we examined adiponectin and leptin levels at the time of KT and 6 months post-transplantation. Patients with diabetes mellitus type 1 or type 2 at the time of KT were excluded from the study. RESULTS: We found that leptin levels significantly increased during the post-transplant period (P = 0.0065). Overall, leptin levels were positively correlated with the level of triacylglycerols, post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM) development and acute rejection (AR). We discovered that, in particular, high leptin levels were associated with AR [OR 2.1273; 95% CI 1.0130-4.4671 (P = 0.0461)] and PTDM development [OR 7.200; 95% CI 1.0310-50.2836 (P = 0.0465)], whereas, low adiponectin levels represent a risk factor for the development of insulin resistance [HR 38.6135; 95% CI 13.3844-67.7699 (P < 0.0001)] and obesity [HR 3.0821; 95% CI 0.8700-10.9192 (P = 0.0053)]. CONCLUSION: We found that a high serum concentration of leptin before KT is associated with both PTDM development and AR and merits further investigation in relation to KT.


Assuntos
Biomarcadores , Diabetes Mellitus/diagnóstico , Diabetes Mellitus/etiologia , Transplante de Rim/efeitos adversos , Leptina/fisiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/diagnóstico , Doença Aguda , Adiponectina/sangue , Adulto , Biomarcadores/sangue , Diabetes Mellitus/sangue , Feminino , Seguimentos , Rejeição de Enxerto/sangue , Rejeição de Enxerto/diagnóstico , Humanos , Resistência à Insulina/fisiologia , Leptina/sangue , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/sangue , Valor Preditivo dos Testes , Sensibilidade e Especificidade
16.
Vnitr Lek ; 64(4): 405-426, 2018.
Artigo em Tcheco | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29791176

RESUMO

Type 2 diabetes mellitus is a heterogeneous medical condition involving multiple pathophysiological mechanisms. Its successful treatment requires an individualized approach and frequently combined therapy with utilizing its effect on multiple levels. Current possibilities enable the employment of such procedures to an incomparably greater extent than before. The effects of different classes of oral antidiabetic drugs on the reduction of glycemia and HbA1c is mutually comparable. However differences are observed in the proportions of patients who met the required criteria, regarding the increase in weight, incidence of hypoglycemia as well as the effect on cardiovascular, renal or oncologic morbidity and mortality, and severity of specific adverse effects, potential risks and contraindications. The presented text provides the reader with the information about the Consensual therapeutic algorithm for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus in compliance with SPC, the ADA/EASD amended indicative limitations and recommendations, formulated by the Committee of the Slovak Diabetes Society.Key words: biguanides - gliflozins - gliptins - glitazones - GLP-1-receptor agonists - insulin - sulfonylurea.


Assuntos
Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2 , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV , Hipoglicemiantes , Glicemia , Diabetes Mellitus Tipo 2/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores da Dipeptidil Peptidase IV/uso terapêutico , Hemoglobina A Glicada , Humanos , Hipoglicemiantes/uso terapêutico , Insulina/uso terapêutico , Eslováquia , Compostos de Sulfonilureia/uso terapêutico
17.
Drugs Aging ; 35(6): 539-544, 2018 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29736814

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The number of elderly individuals with non-valvular atrial fibrillation (NV-AF) requiring long-term anticoagulation is rising. The pharmacokinetics of oral anticoagulants in elderly individuals may differ from that for younger patients. The aim of this study was to assess the dabigatran levels in elderly patients with NV-AF. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A pilot prospective post-marketing study in patients with NV-AF on dabigatran therapy was performed; we enrolled 21 consecutive elderly patients (aged ≥ 75 years) on a reduced dabigatran regimen (110 mg twice daily) and compared them with 13 younger (≤ 70 years) individuals on reduced dabigatran therapy due to renal impairment and with 16 younger patients on standard dabigatran therapy (150 mg twice daily). Blood samples were taken for the assessment of dabigatran trough and peak levels. Dabigatran levels were measured with the Hemoclot® Thrombin Inhibitor Assay. RESULTS: There were significant differences in dabigatran trough levels when comparing elderly patients on reduced dabigatran with non-elderly patients on reduced dabigatran (99.3 ± 73.6 vs 51.6 ± 25.6 ng/mL; p < 0.01). Similarly, the detected dabigatran peak levels were significantly higher in elderly patients on reduced dabigatran compared with non-elderly patients on reduced dabigatran (173.4 ± 116.2 vs 116.1 ± 19.1 ng/mL; p < 0.01). No significant differences in dabigatran trough and peak levels were found when comparing elderly patients on reduced dabigatran with non-elderly patients on standard dabigatran therapy. CONCLUSION: This pilot study demonstrated that elderly patients on reduced dabigatran exhibit significantly higher dabigatran levels than younger individuals on a reduced regimen, and similar levels compared with younger individuals on standard dabigatran.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/sangue , Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Dabigatrana/sangue , Administração Oral , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes/administração & dosagem , Dabigatrana/administração & dosagem , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Estudos Prospectivos
18.
J Cardiovasc Pharmacol ; 72(1): 71-76, 2018 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29738377

RESUMO

Proton pump inhibition (PPI) administered together with antiplatelet and anticoagulant agents reduces the risk of gastrointestinal hemorrhage. Several novel antithrombotic agents have been recently introduced for patients with acute coronary syndrome (prasugrel and ticagrelor) or for patients requiring long-term anticoagulation (dabigatran, rivaroxaban, apixaban, edoxaban, and betrixaban). In fact, these agents might offer even stronger inhibition of platelets or coagulation compared with older agents; therefore, the need for gastroprotection might be even stronger when these new agents are used for long-term antithrombotic therapy. On the contrary, there are several reports regarding an adverse interaction between PPI and antithrombotic agents connected with a reduction in antithrombotic therapy on-treatment levels, implicating a higher risk of thrombosis. This interaction was demonstrated in clopidogrel-treated patients and more recently also in dabigatran-treated patients. This article discusses a possible novel antithrombotic therapy/PPI interaction leading to higher risk of thrombosis.


Assuntos
Anticoagulantes/efeitos adversos , Fibrinolíticos/efeitos adversos , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/prevenção & controle , Inibidores da Agregação de Plaquetas/efeitos adversos , Inibidores da Bomba de Prótons/efeitos adversos , Antagonistas do Receptor Purinérgico P2Y/efeitos adversos , Trombose/induzido quimicamente , Trombose/prevenção & controle , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Interações Medicamentosas , Hemorragia Gastrointestinal/induzido quimicamente , Humanos , Medição de Risco , Fatores de Risco
19.
Front Microbiol ; 9: 496, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29616009

RESUMO

Microfluidics is an emerging technology that is used more and more in biology experiments. Its capabilities of creating precisely controlled conditions in cellular dimensions make it ideal to explore cell-cell and cell-environment interactions. Thus, a wide spectrum of problems in microbial ecology can be studied using engineered microbial habitats. Moreover, artificial microfluidic ecosystems can serve as model systems to test ecology theories and principles that apply on a higher level in the hierarchy of biological organization. In this mini review we aim to demonstrate the versatility of microfluidics and the diversity of its applications that help the advance of microbiology, and in more general, experimental ecology.

20.
Blood Coagul Fibrinolysis ; 29(4): 369-373, 2018 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29538002

RESUMO

: The number of patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation (NV-AF) who require long-term anticoagulation and also have a higher risk of bleeding is increasing. Recently, there is no information regarding real on-treatment anti-Xa activity in patients with NV-AF and a higher risk of bleeding who receive oral factor Xa inhibitors. The aim of this study was to determine trough and peak anti-Xa activity in these patients. This single-centre pilot study enrolled 41 patients with NV-AF and a higher risk of bleeding defined as Hypertension, Abnormal Renal/Liver Function, Stroke, Bleeding History or Predisposition, Labile INR, Elderly, Drugs/Alcohol Concomitantly score at least 3 points. Twenty-one patients were treated with rivaroxaban and 17 patients were treated with apixaban. The trough and peak samples of these patients were tested for anti-Xa activity with factor Xa-calibrated anti-Xa chromogenic analysis. The detected trough anti-Xa activity was 63.2 ±â€Š44.4 ng/ml. There was a significant increase in peak anti-Xa activity up to 170.3 ±â€Š99.6 ng/ml (P < 0.001) observed. There were no significant differences in trough (52.4 ±â€Š41.9 vs. 76.0 ±â€Š45.4 ng/ml; P = 0.12) and peak (187.2 ±â€Š122.5 vs. 151.5 ±â€Š64.0 ng/ml; P = 0.27) anti-Xa activity between rivaroxaban-treated and apixaban-treated patients. This study demonstrated the anti-Xa activity in oral factor Xa inhibitor-treated patients with NV-AF and a higher risk of bleeding. No significant differences in this activity between rivaroxaban-treated and apixaban-treated patients were found.


Assuntos
Fibrilação Atrial/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores do Fator Xa/farmacologia , Fator Xa/efeitos dos fármacos , Hemorragia/induzido quimicamente , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticoagulantes , Fibrilação Atrial/complicações , Inibidores do Fator Xa/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Hemorragia/etiologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Projetos Piloto , Pirazóis/farmacologia , Pirazóis/uso terapêutico , Piridonas/farmacologia , Piridonas/uso terapêutico , Risco , Rivaroxabana/farmacologia , Rivaroxabana/uso terapêutico
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