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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31917270

RESUMO

Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) is an established treatment strategy in steroid-refractory graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). This study's main objective was to analyze the clinical response and impact of ECP therapy in steroid dose reduction. A retrospective observational series of 113 patients from 7 transplantation centers was analyzed. Sixty-five patients (58%) had acute GVHD (aGVHD), and 48 (42%) had chronic GVHD (cGVHD). All ECP procedures were performed with the off-line system. The median number of procedures until achievement of initial response was 3 for both patients with aGVHD and those with cGVHD. ECP was the second-line therapy in 48% of the aGVHD cases and in 50% of the cGVHD cases. 71% of the cases of aGVHD were grade III-IV, and 69% of the cases of cGVHD were severe. The overall response rate on day 28 was 53% (complete response [CR] rate, 45%) in the patients with aGVHD and 67% (CR, 23%) in those with cGVHD. Skin was the most frequently involved organ, with a response rate of 58% (CR, 49%) in the patients with aGVHD and 69% (CR 29%) in those with cGVHD. At the end of ECP treatment, 60% of patients treated for aGVHD who responded were able to stop steroid therapy, with a median dose reduction of 100%. Significant differences in overall survival were observed for patients responding to ECP with aGVHD (hazard ratio [HR], 4.3; P < .001) and with cGVHD (HR, 4.8; P = .003). Our data indicate that ECP is a valid therapeutic alternative in patients with steroid-refractory aGVHD and cGVHD, permitting significant steroid dosage reductions.

2.
Cancer Med ; 6(12): 2766-2774, 2017 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29076254

RESUMO

Overall survival (OS) is the gold-standard end point for studies evaluating autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in follicular lymphoma (FL), but assessment may be elusive due to the lengthy disease course. We analyzed the validity of two earlier end points, proposed in the setting of first-line chemo-/immunotherapy, as surrogates for OS-progression-free survival (PFS) status at 24 months (PFS24) and complete response at 30 months (CR30) post-ASCT. We also have investigated the clinical features of patients with early progression after ASCT. Data were available for 626 chemosensitive FL patients who received ASCT between 1989 and 2007. Median follow-up was 12.2 years from ASCT. In the PFS24 analysis, 153 (24%) patients progressed within 24 months and 447 were alive and progression-free at 24 months post-ASCT (26 who died without disease progressions within 24 months were excluded). Early progression was associated with shorter OS (hazard ratio [HR], 6.8; P = 0.00001). In the subgroup of patients who received an ASCT in the setting or relapse after being exposed to rituximab, the HR was 11.3 (95% CI, 3.9-30.2; P < 0.00001). In the CR30 analysis, 183 of 596 (31%) response-evaluable patients progressed/died with 30 months post-ASCT. The absence of CR30 was associated with shorter OS (HR, 7.8; P < 0.00001), including in patients with prior rituximab (HR, 8.2). PFS24 and CR30 post-ASCT are associated with poor outcomes and should be primary end points. Further research is needed to identify this population to be offered alternative treatments.


Assuntos
Linfoma Folicular/cirurgia , Transplante de Células-Tronco , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Bases de Dados Factuais , Progressão da Doença , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Determinação de Ponto Final , Feminino , Humanos , Imunoterapia/métodos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Linfoma Folicular/mortalidade , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Sistema de Registros , Estudos Retrospectivos , Fatores de Risco , Espanha , Transplante de Células-Tronco/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco/mortalidade , Fatores de Tempo , Transplante Autólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
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