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1.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 11(11): 2195-2203, 2020 Nov 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33214829

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK) has been shown to play a key role in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity. Therefore, the inhibition of the kinase activity of BTK with a small molecule inhibitor could offer a breakthrough in the clinical treatment of many autoimmune diseases. This Letter describes the discovery of BMS-986143 through systematic structure-activity relationship (SAR) development. This compound benefits from defined chirality derived from two rotationally stable atropisomeric axes, providing a potent and selective single atropisomer with desirable efficacy and tolerability profiles.

2.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(17): 127392, 2020 Sep 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32738966

RESUMO

A novel series of cis-3,4-diphenylpyrrolidines were designed as RORγt inverse agonists based on the binding conformation of previously reported bicyclic sulfonamide 1. Preliminary synthesis and structure-activity relationship (SAR) study established (3S,4S)-3-methyl-3-(4-fluorophenyl)-4-(4-(1,1,1,3,3,3-hexafluoro-2-hydroxyprop-2-yl)phenyl)pyrrolidine as the most effective scaffold. Subsequent SAR optimization led to identification of a piperidinyl carboxamide 31, which was potent against RORγt (EC50 of 61 nM in an inverse agonist assay), selective relative to RORα, RORß, LXRα and LXRß, and stable in human and mouse liver microsomes. Furthermore, compound 31 exhibited considerably lower PXR Ymax (46%) and emerged as a promising lead. The binding mode of the diphenylpyrrolidine series was established with an X-ray co-crystal structure of 10A/RORγt.

3.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 30(19): 127466, 2020 Oct 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32763309

RESUMO

RORγt is the master regulator of the IL-23/IL-17 axis, a pathway that is clinically validated for the treatment of various immunological disorders. Over the last few years, our group has reported different chemotypes that potently act as inverse agonists of RORγt. One of them, the tricyclic pyrrolidine chemotype, has demonstrated biologic-like preclinical efficacy and has led to our clinical candidate BMS-986251. In this letter, we discuss the invention of an annulation reaction which enabled the synthesis of a tricyclic exocyclic amide chemotype and the identification of compounds with RORγt inverse agonist activity. Preliminary structure activity relationships are disclosed.

4.
J Med Chem ; 62(22): 10456-10465, 2019 11 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31724863

RESUMO

The APJ receptor and its endogenous peptidic ligand apelin have been implicated as important modulators of cardiovascular function, and APJ receptor agonists may be beneficial in the treatment of heart failure. In this article, we describe the discovery of a series of biphenyl acid derivatives as potent APJ receptor agonists. Following the identification of initial high-throughput screen lead 2, successive optimization led to the discovery of lead compound 15a. Compound 15a demonstrated comparable in vitro potency to apelin-13, the endogenous peptidic ligand for the APJ receptor. In vivo, compound 15a demonstrated a dose-dependent improvement in the cardiac output in male Sprague Dawley rats with no significant changes in either mean arterial blood pressure or heart rate, consistent with the hemodynamic profile of apelin-13 in an acute pressure volume loop model.


Assuntos
Receptores de Apelina/agonistas , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/química , Fármacos Cardiovasculares/farmacologia , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/farmacologia , Animais , Receptores de Apelina/química , Receptores de Apelina/metabolismo , Compostos de Bifenilo/química , Pressão Sanguínea/efeitos dos fármacos , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Células HEK293 , Frequência Cardíaca/efeitos dos fármacos , Ensaios de Triagem em Larga Escala/métodos , Humanos , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/farmacologia , Masculino , Ratos Sprague-Dawley , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/síntese química , Bibliotecas de Moléculas Pequenas/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
5.
Org Lett ; 21(22): 9198-9202, 2019 11 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31647672

RESUMO

This communication highlights the use of chiral sulfinamides as nitrogen nucleophiles in intermolecular aza-Michael reactions. When chiral sulfinamides are coupled to a chloroethyl group, the corresponding novel annulating reagents can be used to streamline the stereoselective synthesis of complex pyrrolidine-containing molecules. As a result, it has enabled a medicinal chemistry campaign for the synthesis of biologically active RORγt inverse agonists.

6.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 10(3): 300-305, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891130

RESUMO

We encountered a dilemma in the course of studying a series of antagonists of the G-protein coupled receptor CC chemokine receptor-2 (CCR2): compounds with polar C3 side chains exhibited good ion channel selectivity but poor oral bioavailability, whereas compounds with lipophilic C3 side chains exhibited good oral bioavailability in preclinical species but poor ion channel selectivity. Attempts to solve this through the direct modulation of physicochemical properties failed. However, the installation of a protonation-dependent conformational switching mechanism resolved the problem because it enabled a highly selective and relatively polar molecule to access a small population of a conformer with lower polar surface area and higher membrane permeability. Optimization of the overall properties in this series yielded the CCR2 antagonist BMS-741672 (7), which embodied properties suitable for study in human clinical trials.

7.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 10(3): 306-311, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891131

RESUMO

The four members of the Janus family of nonreceptor tyrosine kinases play a significant role in immune function. The JAK family kinase inhibitor, tofacitinib 1, has been approved in the United States for use in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients. A number of JAK inhibitors with a variety of JAK family selectivity profiles are currently in clinical trials. Our goal was to identify inhibitors that were functionally selective for JAK1 and JAK3. Compound 22 was prepared with the desired functional selectivity profile, but it suffered from poor absorption related to physical properties. Use of the phosphate prodrug 32 enabled progression to a murine collagen induced arthritis (CIA) model. The demonstration of a robust efficacy in the CIA model suggests that use of phosphate prodrugs may resolve issues with progressing this chemotype for the treatment of autoimmune diseases such as RA.

8.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 10(3): 367-373, 2019 Mar 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30891142

RESUMO

A new phenyl (3-phenylpyrrolidin-3-yl)sulfone series of RORγt inverse agonists was discovered utilizing the binding conformation of previously reported bicyclic sulfonamide 1. Through a combination of structure-based design and structure-activity relationship studies, a polar set of amides at N1-position of the pyrrolidine ring and perfluoroisopropyl group at para-position of the 3-phenyl group were identified as critical structural elements to achieve high selectivity against PXR, LXRα, and LXRß. Further optimization led to the discovery of (1R,4r)-4-((R)-3-((4-fluorophenyl)sulfonyl)-3-(4-(perfluoropropan-2-yl)phenyl)pyrrolidine-1-carbonyl)cyclohexane-1-carboxylic acid (26), which displayed excellent selectivity, desirable liability and pharmacokinetic properties in vitro, and a good pharmacokinetic profile in mouse. Oral administration of 26 demonstrated dose-dependent inhibition of IL-17 production in a mouse IL-2/IL-23-induced pharmacodynamic model and biologic-like efficacy in an IL-23-induced mouse acanthosis model.

9.
J Med Chem ; 62(7): 3228-3250, 2019 04 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30893553

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), a non-receptor tyrosine kinase, is a member of the Tec family of kinases and is essential for B cell receptor (BCR) mediated signaling. BTK also plays a critical role in the downstream signaling pathways for the Fcγ receptor in monocytes, the Fcε receptor in granulocytes, and the RANK receptor in osteoclasts. As a result, pharmacological inhibition of BTK is anticipated to provide an effective strategy for the clinical treatment of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. This article will outline the evolution of our strategy to identify a covalent, irreversible inhibitor of BTK that has the intrinsic potency, selectivity, and pharmacokinetic properties necessary to provide a rapid rate of inactivation systemically following a very low dose. With excellent in vivo efficacy and a very desirable tolerability profile, 5a (branebrutinib, BMS-986195) has advanced into clinical studies.


Assuntos
Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia/antagonistas & inibidores , Descoberta de Drogas , Indóis/farmacologia , Piperidinas/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Animais , Artrite Reumatoide/tratamento farmacológico , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Indóis/farmacocinética , Indóis/uso terapêutico , Concentração Inibidora 50 , Lúpus Eritematoso Sistêmico/tratamento farmacológico , Macaca fascicularis , Camundongos , Piperidinas/farmacocinética , Piperidinas/uso terapêutico , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/uso terapêutico
10.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 28(23-24): 3721-3725, 2018 12 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30348490

RESUMO

Endothelial lipase (EL) inhibitors have been shown to elevate HDL-C levels in pre-clinical murine models and have potential benefit in prevention and treatment of cardiovascular diseases. Modification of the 1-ethyl-3-hydroxy-1,5-dihydro-2H-pyrrol-2-one (DHP) lead, 1, led to the discovery of a series of potent tetrahydropyrimidinedione (THP) EL inhibitors. Synthesis and SAR studies including modification of the amide group, together with changes on the pyrimidinone core led to a series of arylcycloalkyl, indanyl, and tetralinyl substituted 5-amino or 5-hydroxypyrimidinedione-4-carboxamides. Several compounds were advanced to PK evaluation. Among them, compound 4a was one of the most potent with measurable ELHDL hSerum potency and compound 3g demonstrated the best overall pharmacokinetic parameters.


Assuntos
Inibidores Enzimáticos/química , Inibidores Enzimáticos/farmacologia , Lipase/antagonistas & inibidores , Pirimidinonas/química , Pirimidinonas/farmacologia , Animais , HDL-Colesterol/sangue , HDL-Colesterol/metabolismo , Inibidores Enzimáticos/sangue , Inibidores Enzimáticos/síntese química , Humanos , Lipase/sangue , Lipase/metabolismo , Camundongos , Modelos Moleculares , Pirimidinonas/sangue , Pirimidinonas/síntese química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
11.
ACS Med Chem Lett ; 9(12): 1263-1268, 2018 Dec 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30613337

RESUMO

Endothelial lipase (EL) selectively metabolizes high density lipoprotein (HDL) particles. Inhibition of EL has been shown to increase HDL concentration in preclinical animal models and was targeted as a potential treatment of atherosclerosis. We describe the introduction of an α-sulfone moiety to a benzothiazole series of EL inhibitors resulting in increased potency versus EL. Optimization for selectivity versus hepatic lipase and pharmacokinetic properties resulted in the discovery of 24, which showed good in vitro potency and bioavailability but, unexpectedly, did not increase HDL in the mouse pharmacodynamic model at the target plasma exposure.

12.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 28(2): 85-93, 2018 01 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29233651

RESUMO

We disclose the optimization of a high throughput screening hit to yield benzothiazine and tetrahydroquinoline sulfonamides as potent RORγt inverse agonists. However, a majority of these compounds showed potent activity against pregnane X receptor (PXR) and modest activity against liver X receptor α (LXRα). Structure-based drug design (SBDD) led to the identification of benzothiazine and tetrahydroquinoline sulfonamide analogs which completely dialed out LXRα activity and were less potent at PXR. Pharmacodynamic (PD) data for compound 35 in an IL-23 induced IL-17 mouse model is discussed along with the implications of a high Ymax in the PXR assay for long term preclinical pharmacokinetic (PK) studies.


Assuntos
Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/farmacologia , Desenho de Fármacos , Propanóis/farmacologia , Receptores do Ácido Retinoico/agonistas , Receptores de Esteroides/agonistas , Sulfonamidas/farmacologia , Animais , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/síntese química , Compostos Bicíclicos com Pontes/química , Cristalografia por Raios X , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Humanos , Receptores X do Fígado/agonistas , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Receptor de Pregnano X , Propanóis/síntese química , Propanóis/química , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Sulfonamidas/síntese química , Sulfonamidas/química
13.
Org Lett ; 20(2): 337-340, 2018 01 19.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29283585

RESUMO

The purpose of this letter is to document the use of protected chloroethyl and chloropropyl amines as conformationally unrestricted ambiphilic reagents that undergo annulation reactions with Michael acceptors. This reaction is wide in scope and utilizes reagents that are commercially available, inexpensive, and stable. Furthermore, this reaction is easy to execute and proceeds rapidly.

15.
J Med Chem ; 59(19): 9173-9200, 2016 10 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27583770

RESUMO

Bruton's tyrosine kinase (BTK), a nonreceptor tyrosine kinase, is a member of the Tec family of kinases. BTK plays an essential role in B cell receptor (BCR)-mediated signaling as well as Fcγ receptor signaling in monocytes and Fcε receptor signaling in mast cells and basophils, all of which have been implicated in the pathophysiology of autoimmune disease. As a result, inhibition of BTK is anticipated to provide an effective strategy for the clinical treatment of autoimmune diseases such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis. This article details the structure-activity relationships (SAR) leading to a novel series of highly potent and selective carbazole and tetrahydrocarbazole based, reversible inhibitors of BTK. Of particular interest is that two atropisomeric centers were rotationally locked to provide a single, stable atropisomer, resulting in enhanced potency and selectivity as well as a reduction in safety liabilities. With significantly enhanced potency and selectivity, excellent in vivo properties and efficacy, and a very desirable tolerability and safety profile, 14f (BMS-986142) was advanced into clinical studies.


Assuntos
Carbazóis/química , Carbazóis/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/antagonistas & inibidores , Tirosina Quinase da Agamaglobulinemia , Animais , Carbazóis/farmacocinética , Cristalografia por Raios X , Feminino , Humanos , Isomerismo , Macaca fascicularis , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Moleculares , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacocinética , Proteínas Tirosina Quinases/metabolismo , Quinazolinas/química , Quinazolinas/farmacocinética , Quinazolinas/farmacologia , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
16.
J Med Chem ; 59(13): 6248-64, 2016 07 14.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27309907

RESUMO

Sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P) is a bioactive sphingolipid metabolite that regulates a multitude of physiological processes such as lymphocyte trafficking, cardiac function, vascular development, and inflammation. Because of the ability of S1P1 receptor agonists to suppress lymphocyte egress, they have great potential as therapeutic agents in a variety of autoimmune diseases. In this article, the discovery of selective, direct acting S1P1 agonists utilizing an ethanolamine scaffold containing a terminal carboxylic acid is described. Potent S1P1 agonists such as compounds 18a and 19a which have greater than 1000-fold selectivity over S1P3 are described. These compounds efficiently reduce blood lymphocyte counts in rats through 24 h after single doses of 1 and 0.3 mpk, respectively. Pharmacodynamic properties of both compounds are discussed. Compound 19a was further studied in two preclinical models of disease, exhibiting good efficacy in both the rat adjuvant arthritis model (AA) and the mouse experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis model (EAE).


Assuntos
Etanolamina/química , Etanolamina/farmacologia , Linfócitos/efeitos dos fármacos , Receptores de Lisoesfingolipídeo/agonistas , Animais , Artrite/tratamento farmacológico , Cães , Encefalomielite Autoimune Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Etanolamina/farmacocinética , Etanolamina/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Haplorrinos , Humanos , Contagem de Linfócitos , Linfócitos/citologia , Masculino , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Receptores de Lisoesfingolipídeo/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
17.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 26(2): 662-666, 2016 Jan 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26631321

RESUMO

A novel cyclohexenyl series of CCR2 antagonists has been discovered. This series of small, rigid compounds exhibits submicromolar binding affinity for CCR2. Modification of the substituents on the cyclohexene ring led to the identification of potent CCR2 antagonists. Progress from initial lead 5 (IC50=700nM) to (-)-38 (IC50=9.0nM) is discussed.


Assuntos
Cicloexenos/química , Cicloexenos/farmacologia , Receptores CCR2/antagonistas & inibidores , Cicloexenos/síntese química , Descoberta de Drogas , Humanos , Modelos Moleculares , Receptores CCR2/metabolismo , Relação Estrutura-Atividade
18.
J Med Chem ; 58(10): 4278-90, 2015 May 28.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25905990

RESUMO

An empirical approach to improve the microsomal stability and CYP inhibition profile of lead compounds 1a and 1b led to the identification of 5 (BMS-341) as a dissociated glucocorticoid receptor modulator. Compound 5 showed significant improvements in pharmacokinetic properties and, unlike compounds 1a-b, displayed a linear, dose-dependent pharmacokinetic profile in rats. When tested in a chronic model of adjuvant-induced arthritis in rat, the ED50 of 5 (0.9 mg/kg) was superior to that of both 1a and 1b (8 and 17 mg/kg, respectively).


Assuntos
Artrite Experimental/tratamento farmacológico , Inibidores das Enzimas do Citocromo P-450/farmacologia , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/farmacologia , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/metabolismo , Tiadiazóis/farmacologia , Animais , Sangue/efeitos dos fármacos , Sangue/metabolismo , Técnicas de Química Sintética , Citocromo P-450 CYP3A , Inibidores do Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/química , Inibidores do Citocromo P-450 CYP3A/farmacologia , Inibidores das Enzimas do Citocromo P-450/química , Inibidores das Enzimas do Citocromo P-450/farmacocinética , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Cães , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos/métodos , Estabilidade de Medicamentos , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/química , Compostos Heterocíclicos com 3 Anéis/farmacocinética , Humanos , Masculino , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Receptores de Glucocorticoides/agonistas , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Tiadiazóis/química , Tiadiazóis/farmacocinética , Fator de Transcrição AP-1/metabolismo
19.
Pharm Res ; 32(8): 2579-94, 2015 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25724158

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Precipitation of weakly basic drugs in intestinal fluids can affect oral drug absorption. In this study, the implications of self-association of brivanib alaninate in acidic aqueous solution, leading to supersaturation at basic pH condition, on its solubility and oral absorption were investigated. METHODS: Self-association of brivanib alaninate was investigated by proton NMR spectroscopy, surface tension measurement, dynamic light scattering, isothermal titration calorimetry, and molecular modeling. Drug solubility was determined in various pH media, and its tendency to supersaturate upon pH shift was investigated in buffered and biorelevant aqueous solutions. Pharmacokinetic modeling of human oral drug absorption was utilized for parameter sensitivity analyses of input variables. RESULTS: Brivanib alaninate exhibited continuous, and pH- and concentration-dependent self-association. This phenomenon resulted in positive deviation of drug solubility at acidic pH and the formation of a stable supersaturated drug solution in pH-shift assays. Consistent with the supersaturation phenomenon observed in vitro, oral absorption simulations necessitated invoking long precipitation time in the intestine to successfully predict in vivo data. CONCLUSIONS: Self-association of a weakly basic drug in acidic aqueous solution can increase its oral absorption by supersaturation and precipitation resistance at the intestinal pH. This consideration is important to the selection of parameters for oral absorption simulation.


Assuntos
Alanina/análogos & derivados , Triazinas/química , Triazinas/farmacocinética , Administração Oral , Alanina/química , Alanina/farmacocinética , Tampões (Química) , Calorimetria , Química Farmacêutica , Coloides , Simulação por Computador , Humanos , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Absorção Intestinal , Espectroscopia de Ressonância Magnética , Modelos Moleculares , Tamanho da Partícula , Solubilidade , Tensão Superficial
20.
Bioorg Med Chem Lett ; 23(10): 3028-33, 2013 May 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23578688

RESUMO

A series of carbamoylmethylene linked prodrugs of 1 (BMS-582949), a clinical p38α inhibitor, were synthesized and evaluated. Though the phosphoryloxymethylene carbamates (3, 4, and 5) and α-aminoacyloxymethylene carbamates (22, 23, and 26) were found unstable at neutral pH values, fumaric acid derived acyloxymethylene carbamates (2, 28, and 31) were highly stable under both acidic and neutral conditions. Prodrugs 2 and 31 were also highly soluble at both acidic and neutral pH values. At a solution dose of 14.2mpk (equivalent to 10mpk of 1), 2 gave essentially the same exposure of 1 compared to dosing 10mpk of 1 itself. At a suspension dose of 142mpk (equivalent to 100mpk of 1), 2 demonstrated that it could overcome the solubility issue associated with 1 and provide a much higher exposure of 1. To our knowledge, the unique type of prodrugs like 2, 28, and 31 was not reported in the past and could represent a novel prodrug approach for secondary amides, a class of molecules frequently identified as drug candidates.


Assuntos
Dacarbazina/análogos & derivados , Pró-Fármacos/farmacologia , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/farmacologia , Pirróis/farmacologia , Triazinas/farmacologia , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/antagonistas & inibidores , Animais , Cristalografia por Raios X , Dacarbazina/química , Relação Dose-Resposta a Droga , Concentração de Íons de Hidrogênio , Modelos Moleculares , Estrutura Molecular , Pró-Fármacos/administração & dosagem , Pró-Fármacos/síntese química , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/administração & dosagem , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/síntese química , Pirróis/administração & dosagem , Pirróis/síntese química , Ratos , Solubilidade , Relação Estrutura-Atividade , Temperatura , Triazinas/administração & dosagem , Triazinas/síntese química , Proteínas Quinases p38 Ativadas por Mitógeno/metabolismo
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