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1.
Pediatr Blood Cancer ; 63(9): 1515-21, 2016 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27186826

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Solid pseudopapillary neoplasms of the pancreas (SPPN) can relapse very late, but little is known about risk factors for recurrence and optimal treatment. We aimed to identify risk factors for recurrence and to analyze treatment modalities in all French pediatric cases of SPPN over the past 20 years. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Data were collected from pediatric oncologists and surgeons, and also from adult pancreatic surgeons in order to identify late recurrences. RESULTS: Fifty-one patients (41 girls) were identified. Median age at diagnosis was 13.1 years [8.7-17.9]. Abdominal pain was the commonest presenting symptom (32/49, 65%). The tumor was located in the pancreatic head in 24 patients (47%). Preoperative biopsy or cytology was performed in 14 cases (28%). All patients were operated with a median of 23 days [0-163] after diagnosis. The rate of postoperative morbidity was 29%. With a median follow-up of 65 months [0.3-221], the overall and event-free survival was 100% and 71%, respectively. Seven patients (13.7%) relapsed with a median of 43 months [33-94] after initial surgery. Six were treated surgically, either alone (n = 3) or with perioperative chemotherapy (n = 2) or hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (n = 1). One patient in whom further treatment was not feasible was still alive at last news. Risk factors for recurrence were positive surgical margins (P = 0.03) and age less than 13.5 years at diagnosis (P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: SPPN recurrence in this pediatric series was a rare and late event that did not undermine overall survival. Complete surgical removal of recurrent tumors appears to be the best option.


Assuntos
Carcinoma Papilar/terapia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/terapia , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/terapia , Adolescente , Carcinoma Papilar/mortalidade , Criança , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/etiologia , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/mortalidade , Neoplasias Pancreáticas/mortalidade , Fatores de Risco
2.
J Pediatr Surg ; 47(8): e21-3, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22901938

RESUMO

Mesoblastic nephroma is by far the most frequent intrarenal fetal tumor. To the best of our knowledge, we report the first case of a newborn with an intrarenal neuroblastoma that was discovered prenatally. An intrarenal echogenic and homogenous mass was observed on routine prenatal ultrasonography, corroborated by magnetic resonance imaging, in a 30-week gestation fetus. A male weighing 3280 g was born with elevated blood pressure and cardiac failure. Postnatal ultrasound confirmed a left intrarenal tumor with microcalcifications and perirenal adenopathy. An open total left nephrectomy by laparotomy was performed. The pathologic study reported that the mass was an intrarenal neuroblastoma with local and regional invasion. Immediate postoperative urine analysis revealed a high level of vanillylmandelic acid, and blood samples showed high levels of normetanephrine. The purpose of this report is to demonstrate that prenatal intrarenal neuroblastoma can clinically and radiologically mimick a mesoblastic nephroma. High blood pressure, calcifications, and lymphadenopathy on ultrasound should raise the index of suspicion for a possible malignant process. Preoperative measurement of urinary vanillylmandelic acid (VMA) and metanephrines should be performed if the diagnosis is in doubt.


Assuntos
Erros de Diagnóstico , Neoplasias Renais/embriologia , Nefroma Mesoblástico/diagnóstico , Neuroblastoma/embriologia , Ultrassonografia Pré-Natal , Biomarcadores Tumorais/urina , Calcinose/congênito , Calcinose/etiologia , Cesárea , Insuficiência Cardíaca/congênito , Insuficiência Cardíaca/etiologia , Humanos , Hipertensão Renal/congênito , Hipertensão Renal/etiologia , Recém-Nascido , Neoplasias Renais/complicações , Neoplasias Renais/diagnóstico por imagem , Neoplasias Renais/patologia , Neoplasias Renais/cirurgia , Neoplasias Renais/urina , Neoplasias Hepáticas/secundário , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Masculino , Nefrectomia , Neuroblastoma/complicações , Neuroblastoma/diagnóstico por imagem , Neuroblastoma/patologia , Neuroblastoma/secundário , Neuroblastoma/cirurgia , Neuroblastoma/urina , Normetanefrina/urina , Ácido Vanilmandélico/urina
4.
Fertil Steril ; 88(5): 1437.e21-5, 2007 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17493621

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: To determine the genetic cause of primary amenorrhea in a 46,XY adolescent girl. DESIGN: Case report. SETTING: Pediatric endocrinology and gynecologic unit of an academic hospital. PATIENT(S): A 16-year-old adolescent referred for primary amenorrhea. INTERVENTION(S): Endocrine and surgical investigation, SRY mutational analysis. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Plasma gonadotropin levels, estradiol and testosterone levels, and pathologic findings. RESULT(S): We report a new mutation of the SRY gene in a 46,XY sex-reversed patient. We observed two unusual features. First, partial pubertal development has rarely been described in association with SRY gene mutation. Second, the location of the mutation was in the HMG box region of the SRY gene, in contrast to the other partial cases of 46,XY gonadal dysgenesis. In addition, the presence of a gonadoblastoma underlines the necessity of removing the gonads quickly in 46,XY sex-reversal cases, and raises several questions about the role of the SRY gene in the development of such tumors. CONCLUSION(S): Partial pubertal development in a 46,XY sex-reversed patient does not exclude SRY gene mutation.


Assuntos
Amenorreia/genética , Genes sry/genética , Disgenesia Gonadal 46 XY/genética , Mutação , Adolescente , Amenorreia/complicações , Amenorreia/diagnóstico , Feminino , Disgenesia Gonadal 46 XY/complicações , Disgenesia Gonadal 46 XY/diagnóstico , Humanos
5.
J Urol ; 177(1): 297-301; discussion 301, 2007 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17162068

RESUMO

PURPOSE: Intravaginal or extravaginal spermatic cord torsion is a diagnostic challenge for the surgeon and radiologist. Color Doppler sonography can be inaccurate, leading to dangerous false-negative results. To date, no single reliable test has been able to provide 100% diagnostic accuracy. The direct visualization of the twisted cord during emergency high resolution ultrasonography has been proposed to avoid systematic and abusive surgical exploration. The aim of this multicenter study was to assess the validity and reproducibility of high resolution ultrasonography based management of acute scrotum in children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 919 patients from 11 European university hospitals underwent color Doppler sonography and high resolution ultrasonography for acute scrotum between 1992 and 2005. The spermatic cord was studied along its complete length to detect a spiral twist. The surgical findings were correlated with the preoperative results. RESULTS: A total of 208 patients had spermatic cord torsion proved at surgery. Intratesticular vascularization was absent in the affected testis in only 158 cases (76%). In contrast, high resolution ultrasonography detected the twist as a snail shell-shaped mass, measuring 7 to 33 mm, in 199 patients (96%). High resolution ultrasonography revealed a linear cord for all other causes of acute scrotum (711 patients) with a specificity of 99%. The radiologist training level was the best predictive factor of high resolution ultrasonography reliability (p <0.05). CONCLUSIONS: High resolution ultrasonography based management of acute scrotum is reliable and reproducible. Thanks to its high sensitivity and specificity for the diagnosis of spermatic cord torsion, high resolution ultrasonography can significantly improve the management of acute scrotum in children.


Assuntos
Torção do Cordão Espermático/diagnóstico por imagem , Doença Aguda , Criança , Humanos , Masculino , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Ultrassonografia
6.
Surg Endosc ; 21(2): 303-8, 2007 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17171310

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Complex procedures for managing congenital abnormalities are reported to be feasible. However, neonatal videosurgery involves very specific physiologic constraints. This study evaluated the safety and complication rate of videosurgery during the first month of life and sought to determine both the risk factors of perioperative complications and the most recent trends in practice. METHODS: From 1993 to 2005, 218 neonates (mean age, 16 days; weight, 3,386 g) from seven European university hospitals were enrolled in a retrospective study. The surgical indications for laparoscopy (n = 204) and thoracoscopy (n = 14) were congenital abnormalities or exploratory procedures. RESULTS: Of the 16 surgical incidents that occurred (7.5%), mainly before 2001, 11 were minor (parietal hematoma, eventration). Three neonates had repeat surgery for incomplete treatment of pyloric stenosis. In two cases, the incidents were more threatening (duodenal wound, diaphragmatic artery injury), but without further consequences. No mortality is reported. The 26 anesthetic incidents (12%) that occurred during insufflation included desaturation (<80% despite 100% oxygen ventilation) (n = 8), transient hypotension requiring vascular expansion (n = 7), hypercapnia (>45 mmHg) (n = 5), hypothermia (<34.9 degrees C) (n = 4), and metabolic acidosis (n = 2). The insufflation had to be stopped in 7% of the cases (transiently in 9 cases, definitively in 6 cases). The significant risk factors for an incident (p < 0.05) were young age of the patient, low body temperature, thoracic insufflation, high pressure and flow of insufflation, and length of surgery. CONCLUSION: Despite advances in miniaturizing of instruments and growth in surgeons' experience, the morbidity of neonatal videosurgery is not negligible. A profile of the patient at risk for an insufflation-related incident emerged from this study and may help in the selection of neonates who will benefit most from these techniques in conditions of maximal safety.


Assuntos
Anormalidades Congênitas/diagnóstico , Anormalidades Congênitas/cirurgia , Laparoscopia/métodos , Cirurgia Vídeoassistida/métodos , Fatores Etários , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Anormalidades Congênitas/mortalidade , Estudos de Avaliação como Assunto , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Complicações Intraoperatórias/epidemiologia , Laparoscopia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/efeitos adversos , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Minimamente Invasivos/métodos , Complicações Pós-Operatórias/epidemiologia , Probabilidade , Estudos Retrospectivos , Medição de Risco , Sensibilidade e Especificidade , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Taxa de Sobrevida , Toracoscopia/efeitos adversos , Toracoscopia/métodos , Cirurgia Vídeoassistida/efeitos adversos
7.
J Pediatr Surg ; 41(10): 1732-7, 2006 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17011279

RESUMO

PURPOSE: The indications for thoracoscopy remain imprecise in cases of pleural empyema. This study aimed to identify preoperative prognostic factors to help in the surgical decision. METHODS: From 1996 to 2004, 50 children with parapneumonic pleural empyema underwent thoracoscopy either as the initial procedure (n = 26) or after failure of medical treatment (n = 24). Using multivariate analysis, we tested the prognostic value of clinical and bacteriological data, the ultrasonographic staging of empyema, and the delay before surgery. Outcome measures were technical difficulties, postoperative complications, time to apyrexia, duration of drainage, and length of hospitalization. RESULTS: The clinical and bacterial data did not significantly predict the postoperative course. Echogenicity and the presence of pleural loculations at ultrasonography were not independent significant prognostic factors. A delay between diagnosis and surgery of more than 4 days was significantly correlated (P < .05) with more frequent surgical difficulties, longer operative time, more postoperative fever, longer drainage time, longer hospitalization, and more postoperative complications, such as bronchopleural fistula, empyema relapse, and persistent atelectasia. CONCLUSION: The main prognostic factor for thoracoscopic treatment of pleural empyema is the interval between diagnosis and surgery. A 4-day limit, corresponding to the natural process of empyema organization, is significant. The assessment of loculations by ultrasonography alone is not sufficient to predict the postoperative course.


Assuntos
Empiema Pleural/cirurgia , Toracoscopia , Infecções Bacterianas/microbiologia , Pré-Escolar , Empiema Pleural/diagnóstico por imagem , Empiema Pleural/microbiologia , Empiema Pleural/fisiopatologia , Feminino , Humanos , Tempo de Internação , Masculino , Pleura/diagnóstico por imagem , Derrame Pleural/microbiologia , Complicações Pós-Operatórias , Período Pós-Operatório , Prognóstico , Estudos Prospectivos , Recidiva , Toracoscopia/efeitos adversos , Fatores de Tempo , Ultrassonografia
8.
Pediatrics ; 116(6): e785-91, 2005 Dec.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16322135

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: Video-surgery in neonates is recent. Data on the respiratory, hemodynamic, and thermic effects during the first month of life are still sparse. This study aimed to evaluate the tolerance of video-surgery in neonates and to determine the risk factors of per-operative complications. METHODS: From 1994 to 2004, 49 neonates (mean age: 11 days; weight: 3285 g) underwent 50 video-surgical procedures. Indications for laparoscopy were duodenal atresias, volvulus with malrotation, pyloric stenosis, gastroesophageal reflux, cystic lymphangiomas, ovarian cysts, biliary atresia, and congenital diaphragmatic hernias; indications for thoracoscopy were esophageal atresias and tracheoesophageal fistula. RESULTS: Median operative time was 79 minutes. Mean insufflation pressure was 6.7 mm Hg (range: 3-13). Oxygen saturation decreased, especially with thoracic insufflation or high-pressure pneumoperitoneum. Systolic arterial pressure, which decreased in 20% of the patients, was controlled easily with vascular expansion. Thermic loss (mean postoperative temperature: 35.6 degrees C) was proportional to the duration of insufflation. No surgical incident was noted. Ten anesthetic incidents occurred (20%), 3 of which required temporary or definitive interruption of insufflation (O2 saturation <70%). Risk factors for an incident were low preoperative temperature, high variation of end-tidal pressure of CO2, surgical time >100 minutes, thoracic insufflation, and a high oxygen or vascular expansion requirement at the beginning of insufflation. CONCLUSION: The neonate's high sensitivity to insufflation is an important limiting factor of video-surgery. The described profile of the neonate at risk may help to reduce the frequency of adverse effects of this technique and improve its tolerance.


Assuntos
Laparoscopia , Toracoscopia , Cirurgia Vídeoassistida , Pressão Sanguínea , Temperatura Corporal , Feminino , Frequência Cardíaca , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Insuflação , Masculino , Fatores de Risco
9.
J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A ; 15(1): 18-22, 2005 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15772471

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Cavitary necrosis remains a rare complication of bacterial pneumonia in children. Conservative medical treatment and radical surgical treatment with lung resection are the current therapeutic choices. Evaluation of thoracoscopy for this pathology has not yet been reported. We describe 3 cases. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 2001 and January 2002, 3 children (1, 2, and 3 years old) were admitted to our institution with necrotizing pneumonia. The diagnosis was based on injected computed tomography (CT) scan showing pulmonary condensation, intra-parenchymal bullae, and hypovascularization. In addition to an adapted antibiotic therapy, a thoracoscopic approach was decided on within 24 hours of diagnosis, with extensive decortication, ablation of superficial necrotic debris, irrigation, and drainage. RESULTS: No conversion to open thoracotomy or lung resection was needed. Admission to the intensive care unit was unnecessary. On average, apyrexia was reached on postoperative day (POD) 2 and tube drainage was removed on POD 15. Mean follow-up at 16 months showed excellent lung re-expansion with no relapse. CONCLUSION: On the condition that the decision is made quickly, thoracoscopy may be a valuable treatment option in childhood necrotizing pneumonia, as it hastens recovery and avoids lung resection. Injected CT scan allows an early diagnosis and we propose the first 24 hours after diagnosis as the optimal period for thoracoscopy because of the rapid natural course of lung gangrene.


Assuntos
Pneumonia Bacteriana/cirurgia , Toracoscopia , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Humanos , Lactente , Necrose , Pneumonia Bacteriana/diagnóstico por imagem , Toracotomia/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X
11.
Semin Reprod Med ; 20(3): 181-8, 2002 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12428198

RESUMO

Ambiguous genitalia in the newborn need immediate and rational management. This complex situation requires a strategy of clinical, hormonal, genetic, molecular, and radiographic investigation to determine the etiology of the intersex state and orient the therapeutic approach. Physical examination is key to diagnosis. Careful palpation to locate gonads at the genital folds or in the inguinal region provides the first element for diagnostic orientation. If gonads are absent, a diagnosis of female pseudohermaphroditism seems advisable; if gonads are palpated, a diagnosis of male pseudohermaphroditism is more appropriate. Karyotyping is systematic while polymerase chain reaction (PCR) analysis of the SRY gene provides information about the presence of a Y chromosome within 1 day. Hormonal investigation should be based on clinical and genetic orientation. Substantially elevated plasma 17-OH progesterone will confirm the diagnosis of congenital adrenal hyperplasia due to deficiency in 21-hydroxylase. Testicular stimulation with human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG) will determine the functional value of testicular tissue. Exploration of the genitourinary axis is principally carried out by ultrasound and genitography. By the end of these investigations, the medical team should be able to give a precise diagnosis. Female pseudohermaphroditism may be due to excess fetal androgens (congenital adrenal hyperplasia), increased androgen production of maternal origin, or placental androgen excess. In male pseudohermaphroditism, if testosterone rises normally after hCG stimulation, androgen resistance is indicated. If it does not rise after this test, either testicular dysgenesis or disturbance in testosterone biosynthesis may be responsible. The assignment of sex for rearing must be guided by the etiology of the genital malformation, the anatomic condition, and family considerations. In cases of female pseudohermaphroditism, the newborn should always be declared to be of female sex at birth. In cases of male pseudohermaphroditism, great care should be taken in the declaration of male sex: the potential for reconstructive surgery and the pubertal "programmed" response of the external genitalia to endogenous and exogenous testosterone are determinant. Management of ambiguous genitalia in the newborn requires an entire multidisciplinary team in every step of the diagnostic procedure, the choice of sex assignment, and the treatment strategy.


Assuntos
Transtornos do Desenvolvimento Sexual/diagnóstico , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento Sexual/etiologia , Transtornos do Desenvolvimento Sexual/complicações , Humanos , Recém-Nascido , Análise para Determinação do Sexo
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