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ACS Nano ; 2020 Jul 24.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32687321


Functionalization of surfaces with derivatives of Buckminsterfullerene fragment molecules seems to be a promising approach toward bottom-up fabrication of carbon nanotube modified electrode surfaces. The modification of a Cu(100) surface with molecules of the buckybowl pentaindenocorannulene has been studied by means of scanning tunneling microscopy, carbon monoxide-modified noncontact atomic force microscopy, time-of-flight secondary mass spectrometry, and quantum chemical calculations. Two different adsorbate modes are identified, in which the majority is oriented such that the bowl cavity points away from the surface and the convex side is partially immersed into a four-atom vacancy in the Cu(100) surface. A minority is oriented such that the convex side points away from the surface with the five benzo tabs oriented basically parallel to the surface. Thermal annealing leads to hydrogenation and planarization of the molecules in two steps under specific C-C bond cleavage. The benzo tabs of the convex side up species serve as a hydrogen source. The final product has an open-shell electron structure that is quenched on the surface.

Chem Commun (Camb) ; 2020 Jun 30.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32602478


We report a multi-step on-surface synthesis strategy. The first step consists in the surface-supported synthesis of metal-organic complexes, which are subsequently used to steer on-surface alkyne coupling reactions. In addition, we analyze and compare the electronic properties of the different coupling motifs obtained.

ACS Nano ; 2020 May 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32413259


Understanding the nucleation and growth kinetics of thin films is a prerequisite for their large-scale utilization in devices. For self-assembled molecular phases near thermodynamic equilibrium the nucleation-growth kinetic models are still not developed. Here, we employ real-time low-energy electron microscopy (LEEM) to visualize a phase transformation induced by the carboxylation of 4,4'-biphenyl dicarboxylic acid on Ag(001) under ultra-high-vacuum conditions. The initial (α) and transformed (ß) molecular phases are characterized in detail by X-ray photoemission spectroscopy, single-domain low-energy electron diffraction, room-temperature scanning tunneling microscopy, noncontact atomic force microscopy, and density functional theory calculations. The phase transformation is shown to exhibit a rich variety of phenomena, including Ostwald ripening of the α domains, burst nucleation of the ß domains outside the α phase, remote dissolution of the α domains by nearby ß domains, and a structural change from disorder to order. We show that all phenomena are well described by a general growth-conversion-growth (GCG) model. Here, the two-dimensional gas of admolecules has a dual role: it mediates mass transport between the molecular islands and hosts a slow deprotonation reaction. Further, we conclude that burst nucleation is consistent with a combination of rather weak intermolecular bonding and the onset of an additional weak many-body attractive interaction when a molecule is surrounded by its nearest neighbors. In addition, we conclude that Ostwald ripening and remote dissolution are essentially the same phenomenon, where a more stable structure grows at the expense of a kinetically formed, less stable entity via transport through the 2D gas. The proposed GCG model is validated through kinetic Monte Carlo (kMC) simulations.

Angew Chem Int Ed Engl ; 58(51): 18591-18597, 2019 Dec 16.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31608578


The ability to use mechanical strain to steer chemical reactions creates completely new opportunities for solution- and solid-phase synthesis of functional molecules and materials. However, this strategy is not readily applied in the bottom-up on-surface synthesis of well-defined nanostructures. We report an internal strain-induced skeletal rearrangement of one-dimensional (1D) metal-organic chains (MOCs) via a concurrent atom shift and bond cleavage on Cu(111) at room temperature. The process involves Cu-catalyzed debromination of organic monomers to generate 1,5-dimethylnaphthalene diradicals that coordinate to Cu adatoms, forming MOCs with both homochiral and heterochiral naphthalene backbone arrangements. Bond-resolved non-contact atomic force microscopy imaging combined with density functional theory calculations showed that the relief of substrate-induced internal strain drives the skeletal rearrangement of MOCs via 1,3-H shifts and shift of Cu adatoms that enable migration of the monomer backbone toward an energetically favorable registry with the Cu(111) substrate. Our findings on this strain-induced structural rearrangement in 1D systems will enrich the toolbox for on-surface synthesis of novel functional materials and quantum nanostructures.

Nanoscale ; 11(33): 15567-15575, 2019 Sep 07.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31402370


Over the last decades, organosulfur compounds at the interface of noble metals have proved to be extremely versatile systems for both fundamental and applied research. However, the anchoring of thiols to gold remained an object of controversy for a long time. The RS-Au-SR linkage, in particular, is a robust bonding configuration that displays interesting properties. It is generated spontaneously at room temperature and can be used for the production of extended molecular nanostructures. In this work we explore the behavior of 1,4-bis(4-mercaptophenyl)benzene (BMB) on the Au(111) surface, which results in the formation of 2D crystalline metal-organic assemblies stabilized by this type of Au-thiolate bonds. We show how to control the thiolate's stereospecific bonding motif and thereby choose whether to form ordered arrays of Au3BMB3 units with embedded triangular nanopores or linearly stacked metal-organic chains. The former turn out to be thermodynamically favored structures and display confinement of the underneath Au(111) surface state. The electronic properties of single molecules as well as of the 2D crystalline self-assemblies have been characterized both on the metal-organic backbone and inside the associated pores.

Nanotechnology ; 29(30): 305703, 2018 Jul 27.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29726400


MoS2 monolayer samples were synthesized on a SiO2/Si wafer and transferred to Ir(111) for nano-scale characterization. The samples were extensively characterized during every step of the transfer process, and MoS2 on the final substrate was examined down to the atomic level by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). The procedures conducted yielded high-quality monolayer MoS2 of milimeter-scale size with an average defect density of 2 × 1013 cm-2. The lift-off from the growth substrate was followed by a release of the tensile strain, visible in a widening of the optical band gap measured by photoluminescence. Subsequent transfer to the Ir(111) surface led to a strong drop of this optical signal but without further shifts of characteristic peaks. The electronic band gap was measured by scanning tunneling spectroscopy (STS), revealing n-doping and lateral nano-scale variations. The combined use of STM imaging and density functional theory (DFT) calculations allows us to identify the most recurring point-like defects as S vacancies.