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1.
Muscle Nerve ; 2021 Oct 23.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34687219

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION/AIMS: Currently, there are no straightforward guidelines for the clinical and diagnostic management of hyperCKemia, a frequent and nonspecific presentation in muscle diseases. Therefore, we aimed to describe our diagnostic workflow for evaluating patients with this condition. METHODS: We selected 83 asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic patients with persistent hyperCKemia for participation in this Italian multicenter study. Patients with facial involvement and distal or congenital myopathies were excluded, as were patients with suspected inflammatory myopathies or predominant respiratory or cardiac involvement. All patients underwent a neurological examination and nerve conduction and electromyography studies. The first step of the investigation included a screening for Pompe disease. We then evaluated the patients for myotonic dystrophy type II-related CCTG expansion and excluded patients with copy number variations in the DMD gene. Subsequently, the undiagnosed patients were investigated using a target gene panel that included 20 genes associated with isolated hyperCKemia. RESULTS: Using this approach, we established a definitive diagnosis in one third of the patients. The detection rate was higher in patients with severe hyperCKemia and abnormal electromyographic findings. DISCUSSION: We have described our diagnostic workflow for isolated hyperCKemia, which is based on electrodiagnostic data, biochemical screening, and first-line genetic investigations, followed by successive targeted sequencing panels. Both clinical signs and electromyographic abnormalities are associated with increased diagnostic yields.

4.
J Neurol ; 2021 Sep 06.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34487232

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Monoallelic variants in the KIF1A gene are associated with a large set of clinical phenotypes including neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative disorders, underpinned by a broad spectrum of central and peripheral nervous system involvement. METHODS: In a multicenter study conducted in patients presenting spastic gait or complex neurodevelopmental disorders, we analyzed the clinical, genetic and neuroradiological features of 28 index cases harboring heterozygous variants in KIF1A. We conducted a literature systematic review with the aim to comparing our findings with previously reported KIF1A-related phenotypes. RESULTS: Among 28 patients, we identified nine novel monoallelic variants, and one a copy number variation encompassing KIF1A. Mutations arose de novo in most patients and were prevalently located in the motor domain. Most patients presented features of a continuum ataxia-spasticity spectrum with only five cases showing a prevalently pure spastic phenotype and six presenting congenital ataxias. Seventeen mutations occurred in the motor domain of the Kinesin-1A protein, but location of mutation did not correlate with neurological and imaging presentations. When tested in 15 patients, muscle biopsy showed oxidative metabolism alterations (6 cases), impaired respiratory chain complexes II + III activity (3/6) and low CoQ10 levels (6/9). Ubiquinol supplementation (1gr/die) was used in 6 patients with subjective benefit. CONCLUSIONS: This study broadened our clinical, genetic, and neuroimaging knowledge of KIF1A-related disorders. Although highly heterogeneous, it seems that manifestations of ataxia-spasticity spectrum disorders seem to occur in most patients. Some patients also present secondary impairment of oxidative metabolism; in this subset, ubiquinol supplementation therapy might be appropriate.

5.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33879000

RESUMO

Objective: To investigate the impact of a novel heterozygous FUS mutation in the acceptor splice site of intron 14 (c.1542 - 1 g > t) on protein expression in Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMC) from a familial ALS patient. Methods: PBMC were isolated for mRNA analysis (cDNA synthesis, sequencing and one-step RT-PCR), Western Immunoblot (WI), and Immunofluorescence (IF). Results: cDNA analysis revealed the skipping of exon 15 and a premature stop codon at c.228. RT-PCR showed reduced FUS mRNA by more than half compared to a healthy control (HC) and an ALS patient without genetic mutations (wtALS). In WI FUS band intensity in the proband was 30-50% compared to HC and wtALS. An antibody expected to detect only the wild-type protein did not reveal any reduction of FUS band intensity compared to the other antibodies. IF showed no difference among HC, wtALS, and the proband. Discussion: The reduction of FUS mRNA and protein in PBMC suggests the absence of the truncated protein, probably due to nonsense-mediated decay, leading to loss of function.

6.
J Neurosurg Sci ; 65(1): 8-13, 2021 Feb.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29308633

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The role of single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in TP53 in the pathogenesis of glioma is still debated. The aim of our study was to investigate the role of several TP53 SNPs in the risk of glioma and their possible role as prognostic biomarkers of overall and progression-free survival. METHODS: We examined 12 SNPs in TP53 from peripheral blood and neoplastic tissue of patients with a diagnosis of glioma who underwent surgery from 2012 to 2015. Direct genomic sequencing of TP53 was performed to detect the presence of polymorphisms. We compared data with a matched cancer-free control group and the NCBI SNPs database. Overall and progression-free survival were analyzed in patients with glioblastoma subjected to gross total resection and concomitant radio-chemotherapy. RESULTS: No association was observed with glioma susceptibility and overall survival. Two new SNPs were detected: c.97-46 G>A (intron 3) and c.783-31 A>G (intron 7). The number of SNPs observed was higher (21.4%) in blood than in tumoral samples. We observed a significant reduction in progression-free survival in patients with at least one exonic SNP. CONCLUSIONS: We can hypothesize an involvement of TP53 SNPs in response mechanisms to adjuvant treatment that may affect progression-free survival. Moreover, our blood-tissue combined study revealed a significant difference in SNPs between blood and tumoral samples, probably due to glioma heterogeneity and genomic instability.


Assuntos
Glioblastoma , Glioma , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53 , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Glioma/genética , Glioma/terapia , Humanos , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética
7.
J Hum Genet ; 64(11): 1083-1090, 2019 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31501477

RESUMO

Primary familial brain calcification (PFBC) is a rare disease characterized by brain calcifications that mainly affect the basal ganglia, thalamus, and cerebellum. Among the four autosomal-dominant genes known to be associated with the disease, SLC20A2 pathogenic variants are the most common, accounting for up to 40% of PFBC dominant cases; variants include both point mutations, small insertions/deletions and intragenic deletions. Over the last 7 years, we have collected a group of 50 clinically diagnosed PFBC patients, who were screened for single nucleotide changes and small insertions/deletions in SLC20A2 by Sanger sequencing. We found seven pathogenic/likely pathogenic variants: four were previously described by our group, and three are reported here (c.303delG, c.21delG, and c.1795-1G>A). We developed and validated a synthetic Multiplex Ligation-dependent Probe Amplification (MLPA) assay for SLC20A2 deletions, covering all ten coding exons and the 5' UTR (SLC20A2-MLPA). Using this method, we screened a group of 43 PFBC-patients negative for point mutations and small insertions/deletions, and identified two novel intragenic deletions encompassing exon 6 NC_000008.10:g.(42297172_42302163)_(423022281_42317413)del, and exons 7-11 including the 3'UTR NC_000008.10:g.(?_42275320)_(42297172_42302163)del. Overall, SLC20A2 deletions may be highly underestimated PFBC cases, and we suggest MLPA should be included in the routine molecular test for PFBC diagnosis.


Assuntos
Encefalopatias/genética , Calcinose/genética , Proteínas Cotransportadoras de Sódio-Fosfato Tipo III/genética , Adulto , Encéfalo/fisiopatologia , Encefalopatias/fisiopatologia , Calcinose/fisiopatologia , Éxons/genética , Humanos , Masculino , Linhagem , Mutação Puntual/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Deleção de Sequência/genética
8.
Calcif Tissue Int ; 105(2): 215-221, 2019 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31129707

RESUMO

Melorheostosis (MEL) is an uncommon, sclerosing disease, characterised by hyperostosis of long bones, resembling the flowing of candle wax. The disease is sporadic and the pathogenesis is still poorly understood. Occasionally, the same family can include individuals with MEL and Osteopoikilosis (OPK), a disease characterised by multiple round foci of increased bone density. LEMD3 gene mutations are related to OPK and Buschke-Ollendorff Syndrome, a genetic condition in which an association between MEL, OPK and skin lesions is observed. In rare cases, LEMD3 mutations and recently mosaic MAP2K1 gene mutations have been correlated to MEL suggesting that somatic mosaicism could be causative of the disease. In this study, we described the clinical, radiological and molecular findings of 19 individuals with MEL and 8 with OPK and compared the results to the medical literature. The molecular analyses of this case series corroborate the available data in the medical literature, indicating that LEMD3 germline mutations are not a major cause of isolated MEL and reporting five further cases of OPK caused by LEMD3 germline mutations.


Assuntos
Melorreostose/diagnóstico por imagem , Melorreostose/genética , Osteopecilose/diagnóstico por imagem , Osteopecilose/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Criança , Proteínas de Ligação a DNA/genética , Feminino , Fêmur/patologia , Mutação em Linhagem Germinativa , Humanos , Itália/epidemiologia , MAP Quinase Quinase 1/genética , Masculino , Proteínas de Membrana/genética , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação Puntual , Adulto Jovem
9.
Front Neurol ; 9: 981, 2018.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30564185

RESUMO

Hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP) refers to a group of genetically heterogeneous neurodegenerative motor neuron disorders characterized by progressive age-dependent loss of corticospinal motor tract function, lower limb spasticity, and weakness. Recent clinical use of next generation sequencing (NGS) methodologies suggests that they facilitate the diagnostic approach to HSP, but the power of NGS as a first-tier diagnostic procedure is unclear. The larger-than-expected genetic heterogeneity-there are over 80 potential disease-associated genes-and frequent overlap with other clinical conditions affecting the motor system make a molecular diagnosis in HSP cumbersome and time consuming. In a single-center, cross-sectional study, spanning 4 years, 239 subjects with a clinical diagnosis of HSP underwent molecular screening of a large set of genes, using two different customized NGS panels. The latest version of our targeted sequencing panel (SpastiSure3.0) comprises 118 genes known to be associated with HSP. Using an in-house validated bioinformatics pipeline and several in silico tools to predict mutation pathogenicity, we obtained a positive diagnostic yield of 29% (70/239), whereas variants of unknown significance (VUS) were found in 86 patients (36%), and 83 cases remained unsolved. This study is among the largest screenings of consecutive HSP index cases enrolled in real-life clinical-diagnostic settings. Its results corroborate NGS as a modern, first-step procedure for molecular diagnosis of HSP. It also disclosed a significant number of new mutations in ultra-rare genes, expanding the clinical spectrum, and genetic landscape of HSP, at least in Italy.

10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-28664756

RESUMO

Bipolar disorder is a chronic psychiatric illness characterised by fluctuation in mood state, with a relapsing and remitting course. Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a clinically and genetically heterogeneous syndrome, with the most frequent phenotype being behavioural variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD). Here, we report the case of an Italian male presenting with late-onset bipolar disorder that developed into bvFTD over time, carrying a mutation in the GRN gene. Interestingly, the patient carried the c.1639 C > T variant in the GRN gene, resulting in a R547C substitution. Our case report further corroborates the notion that, in addition to FTD, progranulin may be involved in the neurobiology of bipolar disorder type 1, and suggests to screen patients with late-onset bipolar disorder for GRN mutations.


Assuntos
Transtorno Bipolar/diagnóstico , Transtorno Bipolar/genética , Demência Frontotemporal/diagnóstico , Demência Frontotemporal/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intercelular/genética , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Idoso , Transtorno Bipolar/etiologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Demência Frontotemporal/complicações , Humanos , Transtornos de Início Tardio , Masculino , Mutação/genética , Progranulinas
13.
Headache ; 54(9): 1515-22, 2014 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25324165

RESUMO

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the prevalence of KCNK18 gene mutations in a dataset of Italian migraineurs, with and without aura, and in healthy controls, and to investigate in silico the functional effects of the mutations. BACKGROUND: A role for the KCNK18 gene encoding for TRESK, a member of the family of potassium channel, has been recently suggested in migraine with aura. METHODS: We sequenced the KCNK18 gene in 425 migraineurs (255 with aura and 170 without aura) and 247 healthy controls. RESULTS: Five genetic variants (R10G, C110R, Y163Y, S231P, and F372L) were found in 13 (5.1%) out of 255 migraine with aura patients, and 6 variants (R10G, D46D, C110R, Y163Y, S178T, and S231P) were identified in 12 (7.1%) out of 170 migraine without aura patients. In 2.8% of controls, the R10G and L20V substitutions were found. In silico analysis suggested that C110R, S178T, S231P, and F372L mutations may have potential damaging effect on channel function, whereas the remaining mutations may have low damaging effect. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows the presence of several KCNK18 gene mutations in both migraine with aura and migraine without aura. However, the precise role of this gene in migraine predisposition deserves further studies.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/genética , Canais de Potássio/genética , Adulto , Feminino , Humanos , Itália , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase
15.
Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord ; 38(3-4): 245-53, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24969517

RESUMO

BACKGROUNDS/AIMS: Alzheimer's disease (AD) is one of the main types of dementia affecting about 50-55% of all demented patients. Sleep disturbances in AD patients are associated with the severity of dementia and are often the primary reason for institutionalization. These sleep problems partly resemble the core symptoms of narcolepsy, a sleep disorder caused by a general loss of the neurotransmitter hypocretin. The aim of our study was to investigate whether genetic variants in the hypocretin (HCRT) and in the hypocretin receptors 1 and 2 (HCRTR1, HCRTR2) genes could modify the occurrence and the clinical features of AD and to examine if these possible variants influence the role of the protein in sleep regulation. METHODS: Using a case-control strategy, we genotyped 388 AD patients and 272 controls for 10 SNPs in the HCRT, HCRTR1 and HCRTR2 genes. In order to evaluate which residues belong to the HCRTR2 binding site, we built a molecular model. RESULTS: The genotypic and allelic frequencies of the rs2653349 polymorphism were different (χ(2) = 5.77, p = 0.016; χ(2) = 6.728, p = 0.035) between AD patients and controls. The carriage of the G allele was associated with an increased AD risk (OR 2.53; 95% CI 1.10-5.80). No significant differences were found in the distribution of either genotypic or allelic frequencies between cases and controls in the HCRTR1 polymorphisms rs2271933, rs10914456 and rs4949449 and in the HCRTR2 polymorphism rs3122156. CONCLUSION: Our data support the hypothesis that the HCRTR2 gene is likely to be a risk factor for AD. The increased risk inferred is quite small, but in the context of a multi-factorial disease, the presence of this polymorphism may significantly contribute to influencing the susceptibility for AD by interacting with other unknown genetic or environmental factors in sleep regulation.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/genética , Peptídeos e Proteínas de Sinalização Intracelular/genética , Neuropeptídeos/genética , Receptores de Orexina/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Alelos , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Orexinas , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único
16.
Cerebrovasc Dis ; 37(4): 290-5, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24820060

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The chromosomal locus 9p21 is a novel genetic marker for a variety of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases. In a recent study, we have demonstrated an association between the single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) rs1333040C>T on chromosome 9p21 and sporadic brain arteriovenous malformations (BAVMs). Here, we extended our analysis to an additional SNP on chromosome 9p21 (rs7865618A>G) and increased our sample size including BAVMs from two different Italian neurosurgical centers. METHODS: We studied 206 patients with sporadic BAVMs and 171 unaffected controls. Genomic DNA was isolated from peripheral blood and the rs1333040C>T and rs7865618A>G polymorphisms were assessed by PCR-RFLP using the BsmI and MspI restriction endonucleases, respectively. For each SNP, we performed dominant, recessive, and additive genetic models. RESULTS: The distribution of the three possible genotypes of rs1333040 (TT, TC and CC) was statistically different between cases and controls (p = 0.0008). The TT genotype was significantly associated with BAVMs both in the dominant (p = 0.013) and recessive (p = 0.012) models. The T allele was significantly associated with BAVMs in the additive model (p = 0.002). Also the distribution of the three possible genotypes of rs7865618 (GG, AG and AA) was statistically different between cases and controls (p = 0.005), and the GG genotype and G allele were significantly associated with BAVMs in the dominant (p = 0.032), recessive (p = 0.007), and additive models (p = 0.009). We also detected a significant association between BAVMs with large nidus size and the GG genotype and G allele of rs7865618 and the TT genotype of rs1333040. A deep venous drainage was instead associated with the TT genotype of the rs1333040 and the GG genotype of the rs7865618. The occurrence of bleeding was associated with the TT genotype and T allele of rs1333040, while the presence of seizures appeared associated with the GG genotype of rs7865618. CONCLUSIONS: SNPs of the 9p21 region, in addition to be genetic markers for coronary artery disease, stroke, and intracranial aneurysms, are associated with sporadic BAVMs. These results extend and strengthen the role of the 9p21 chromosomal region as a common risk factor for cerebrovascular diseases.


Assuntos
Cromossomos Humanos Par 9 , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Malformações Arteriovenosas Intracranianas/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Estudos de Associação Genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Risco , Adulto Jovem
17.
Acta Neurochir (Wien) ; 155(8): 1511-5, 2013 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23728502

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The exact pathophysiology of the development and rupture of saccular aneurysms is still controversial. Several lines of evidence indicate a role for inflammatory processes. Similarly, abnormal angiogenesis might be related to aneurysm growth. Expression of angiogenesis factors is higher in patients harboring aneurysms. The aim of this study was to verify the association of two functionally active polymorphisms (+ 396 C>T and 18 bp microdeletion) in the vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) gene with both susceptibility to and clinical features of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) in an Italian population. METHOD: Allelic and genotypic frequencies of the + 396 C>T and the 18 bp microdeletion of the VEGF gene were determined in 200 patients and 200 healthy controls. RESULTS: Both allelic and genotypic frequencies of the examined polymorphisms in the VEGF gene were not significantly different between cases and controls. Furthermore, the different VEGF genotypes did not seem to significantly modify the main clinical features of the disease. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest that the VEGF gene is not a major genetic risk factor for aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença , Aneurisma Intracraniano/genética , Polimorfismo Genético/genética , Fator A de Crescimento do Endotélio Vascular/genética , Adulto , Idoso , Feminino , Testes Genéticos/métodos , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade
18.
J Headache Pain ; 14: 28, 2013 Mar 26.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23566281

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggested an important role for vascular factors in migraine etiopathogenesis. Notch4 belongs to a family of transmembrane receptors that play an important role in vascular development and maintenance. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that polymorphisms of the NOTCH4 gene would modify the occurrence and the clinical features of migraine. FINDINGS: Using a case-control strategy, we genotyped 239 migraine patients and 264 controls for three different non-synonymous polymorphisms (T320A, G835V, R1346P) of the NOTCH4 gene and for the (CTG) n-encoding polyleucine polymorphism in exon 1. Although the analyzed polymorphisms resulted not associated with migraine, the clinical characteristics of our patients were significantly influenced by the different NOTCH4 genotypes. Longer duration of disease and severity of neurovegetative symptoms during headache attacks were associated with the R1346P and G835V polymorphisms, respectively. In female patients, worsening of migraine symptoms at menarche was significantly correlated with T320A polymorphism. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows that genetic variations within the NOTCH4 gene significantly modify the clinical characteristics of migraine and may have a role in disease pathogenesis.


Assuntos
Predisposição Genética para Doença/genética , Transtornos de Enxaqueca/genética , Proteínas Proto-Oncogênicas/genética , Receptores Notch/genética , Adulto , Estudos de Casos e Controles , Feminino , Variação Genética , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único , Receptor Notch4 , Reação em Cadeia da Polimerase Via Transcriptase Reversa
19.
J Alzheimers Dis ; 35(3): 487-94, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23435408

RESUMO

Altered gene expression occurs in central nervous system disorders, including Alzheimer's disease (AD). Transcription factor Sp1 (specificity protein 1) can regulate the expression of several AD-related proteins, including amyloid-ß protein precursor and tau. Sp1 is regulated by oxidative stress, and Sp1 mRNA was found to be upregulated in AD cortex and hippocampus. The distribution of three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), including rs7300593, rs17695156, and rs12821290, covering 100% Sp1 genetic variability, has been determined in a population of 393 AD patients as compared with 412 controls. In addition, expression analysis of Sp1 and its regulatory microRNAs (hsa-miR-29b and hsa-miR-375) has been performed in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs), together with Sp1 protein analysis. No differences in all three SNP distributions were observed in AD patients as compared with controls. Stratifying according to gender, a significantly decreased frequency of Sp1 rs17695156 T allele was observed in male patients versus male controls. Significantly increased Sp1 relative expression levels were observed in PBMCs from AD patients as compared with controls. Western blot analysis paralleled mRNA increase in AD patients versus controls and correlated positively with Sp1 mRNA levels. Significantly decreased relative expression levels of hsa-miR-29b, but not of hsa-miR-375, were observed in AD patients versus controls and correlated negatively with Sp1 mRNA levels. According to these results, Sp1 and its regulatory hsa-miR-29b are deregulated in AD patients, possibly leading to aberrant production of downstream target genes involved in the pathogenesis. Moreover, Sp1 rs176951056 T allele is likely a protective factor in the male population.


Assuntos
Doença de Alzheimer/diagnóstico , Regulação da Expressão Gênica/genética , MicroRNAs/genética , Fator de Transcrição Sp1/sangue , Fator de Transcrição Sp1/genética , Idoso , Alelos , Feminino , Genótipo , Humanos , Masculino , Monócitos/metabolismo , Polimorfismo de Nucleotídeo Único/genética , Valores de Referência , Fatores Sexuais
20.
Neurology ; 79(15): 1556-62, 2012 Oct 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22972638

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: There is increasing evidence that common genetic risk factors underlie frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD) and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Recently, mutations in the sequestosome 1 (SQSTM1) gene, which encodes p62 protein, have been reported in patients with ALS. P62 is a multifunctional adapter protein mainly involved in selective autophagy, oxidative stress response, and cell signaling pathways. The purpose of our study was to evaluate the frequency of SQSTM1 mutations in a dataset of unrelated patients with FTLD or ALS, in comparison with healthy controls and patients with Paget disease of bone (PDB). METHODS: Promoter region and all exons of SQSTM1 were sequenced in a large group of subjects, including patients with FTLD or ALS, healthy controls, and patients with PDB. The clinical characteristics of patients with FTLD or ALS with gene mutations were examined. RESULTS: We identified 6 missense mutations in the coding region of SQSTM1 in patients with either FTLD or ALS, none of which were found in healthy controls or patients with PDB. In silico analysis suggested a pathogenetic role for these mutations. Furthermore, 7 novel noncoding SQSTM1 variants were found in patients with FTLD and patients with ALS, including 4 variations in the promoter region. CONCLUSIONS: SQSTM1 mutations are present in patients with FTLD and patients with ALS. Additional studies are warranted in order to better investigate the role of p62 in the pathogenesis of both FTLD and ALS.


Assuntos
Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/genética , Degeneração Lobar Frontotemporal/genética , Predisposição Genética para Doença , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Esclerose Amiotrófica Lateral/patologia , Encéfalo/patologia , Feminino , Degeneração Lobar Frontotemporal/patologia , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Mutação de Sentido Incorreto , Regiões Promotoras Genéticas , Proteína Sequestossoma-1
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