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1.
Leukemia ; 2020 May 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32393842

RESUMO

Patients receiving an allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) after the use of PD-1 inhibitors seem to be at a higher risk of developing acute graft-versus-host disease (aGHVD) through etiopathogenetic mechanisms not fully elucidated. Herein, we investigated the effect of nivolumab administered prior to allo-HCT on the following early T-cell reconstitution and its modulation by the GVHD prophylaxis (tacrolimus/sirolimus vs. posttransplant cyclophosphamide [PTCY]). In all nivolumab-exposed patients we detected circulating nivolumab in plasma for up to 56 days after allo-HCT. This residual nivolumab was able to bind and block PD-1 on T-cells at day 21 after allo-HCT, inducing a T cell activation that was differentially modulated depending on the GVHD prophylactic regimen. Among patients receiving tacrolimus/sirolimus, nivolumab-exposed patients had a higher incidence of severe aGVHD and a more effector T-cell profile compared with anti-PD-1-naïve patients. Conversely, patients receiving PTCY-based prophylaxis showed a similar risk of aGVHD and T-cell profile irrespective of the previous nivolumab exposure. In conclusion, nivolumab persists in plasma after transplantation, binds to allogeneic T cells and generates an increased T-cell activation. This T-cell activation status can be mitigated with the use of PTCY, thus reducing the risk of aGVHD.

2.
Leuk Lymphoma ; 60(6): 1522-1527, 2019 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30499738

RESUMO

In clinical practice, patients with myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are usually classified in low or high-risk groups to take therapeutic decisions, conservative for low-risk, whereas active for high-risk. Nevertheless, in the Revised International Prognostic Scoring System (IPSS-R) is not well stated which patients are low or high-risk. This study was aimed to ascertain in 364 MDS patients which IPSS-R threshold better dichotomized in low vs. high-risk. The best dichotomization was obtained with an IPSS-R cut-point of 3. Accordingly, 68% patients were classified as low-risk (median OS, 61.3 months) and 32% as high-risk MDS (median OS, 13.9 months) (p < .001). Interestingly, the intermediate IPSS-R risk patients presented an OS more related to the high IPSS-R than to the low IPSS-R risk group. In conclusion, an IPSS-R cut-point of 3 led to a meaningful stratification in low and high-risk that can be helpful for the clinical management of MDS patients.

3.
Ann Hematol ; 97(8): 1349-1356, 2018 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29572561

RESUMO

The coexistence of autoimmune disorders (AD) in patients with myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) has been widely recognized, although with distinct results regarding their prevalence and impact on the outcomes of the underlying hematological process. This study was aimed to analyze the prevalence, clinical characteristics, and outcomes of MDS with AD in a series of 142 patients diagnosed with MDS and CMML. AD was ascertained by both the presence of clinical symptoms or compatible serological tests. In total, 48% patients were diagnosed as having AD, being hypothyroidism the most commonly reported clinical AD (8%) and antinuclear antibodies the most frequent serological parameter identified (23.2%). The presence of AD was associated with female gender, lower hemoglobin levels, and higher IPSS-R. Overall survival for patients with AD was inferior to those with no AD (69 vs. 88% at 30 months; HR 2.75, P = 0.008). Notably, clinical but not isolated immune serological parameters had an impact on the outcomes of patients with AD. Finally, in a multivariate analysis, the presence of AD (HR 2.26) along with disease risk categories (very low and low vs. intermediate, high, and very high IPSS-R; HR 4.62) retained their independent prognostic value (P < 0.001). In conclusion, AD are prevalent in MDS and CMML patients and have prognostic implications, especially in lower-risk MDS patients.


Assuntos
Doenças Autoimunes/complicações , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/complicações , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/epidemiologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Doenças Autoimunes/diagnóstico , Doenças Autoimunes/epidemiologia , Doenças Autoimunes/imunologia , Biomarcadores , Feminino , Humanos , Incidência , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Crônica/epidemiologia , Leucemia Mielomonocítica Crônica/etiologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/diagnóstico , Avaliação de Resultados da Assistência ao Paciente , Prevalência , Prognóstico , Adulto Jovem
4.
Br J Haematol ; 169(2): 188-98, 2015 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25521006

RESUMO

This prospective multi-institutional phase II study was designed to assess the efficacy and safety of dose-adjusted EPOCH (etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide and doxorubicin) plus rituximab (DA-EPOCH-R) in untreated patients with poor prognosis large B-cell lymphomas. Eighty-one patients diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL, n = 68), primary mediastinal DLBCL (n = 6) and follicular lymphoma Grade 3b (n = 7), with an age-adjusted International Prognostic Index >1, were eligible for analysis. Median age was 60 years (range: 21-77). Sixty-five patients (80·2%) achieved complete response. After a median follow-up time of 64 months, 10-year event-free survival and overall survival (OS) were 47·8% and 63·6%, respectively. None of the studied clinical and biological characteristics were associated with poorer outcome. Interestingly, patients with BCL6 rearrangement achieved a 10-year OS of 100%, while patients with BCL2 rearrangement exhibited a poorer outcome compared to activated B-cell tumours and germinal centre B-cell without BCL2 rearranged tumours. Results achieved with DA-EPOCH-R showed a good long-term outcome and a tolerable toxicity profile in high-risk large B cell lymphoma patients. Outcome was not affected by tumour cell proliferation or by cell of origin, highlighting the requirement of new biological markers for patient subclassification of high-risk DLBCL patients.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos/administração & dosagem , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Doxorrubicina/efeitos adversos , Doxorrubicina/uso terapêutico , Etoposídeo/efeitos adversos , Etoposídeo/uso terapêutico , Feminino , Humanos , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/mortalidade , Linfoma Difuso de Grandes Células B/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Gradação de Tumores , Estadiamento de Neoplasias , Prednisona/efeitos adversos , Prednisona/uso terapêutico , Prognóstico , Rituximab , Resultado do Tratamento , Vincristina/efeitos adversos , Vincristina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
5.
Ann Hematol ; 89(11): 1073-80, 2010 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20526716

RESUMO

Rituximab-induced B-cell depletion has been proven to be a useful therapy for autoimmune hemolytic anemia (AIHA). The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effectiveness of rituximab in the treatment of 36 patients with AIHA refractory to several treatments. These patients had received a median of four (one to eight) previous treatments, and 13 patients had undergone splenectomy. Rituximab was administered by intravenous infusion at a dose of 375 mg/m(2) once weekly for four doses in 29 patients, and 7 patients received one to six doses. Overall, 28 (77%) of 36 patients achieved response. Twenty-two patients (61%) reached a complete response (CR), and 6 patients (16%) obtained a partial response. All patients that reached CR (61%) were able to maintain the response during more than 6 months, with a median follow-up of 14 months (1-86 months). Sixteen patients maintained response for more than 1 year. The predictors of maintained response were achievement of CR and negative Coombs test result. Splenectomized patients showed a better response rate than those nonsplenectomized. Rituximab was well tolerated, and only one patient presented a transitory rash during infusion. Rituximab induced clinical responses in multitreated severe refractory both warm and cold AIHA patients with little toxicity, and consequently, this therapy should be considered as an early therapeutic option in this setting.


Assuntos
Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/tratamento farmacológico , Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Fatores Imunológicos/uso terapêutico , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anemia Hemolítica Autoimune/imunologia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos , Feminino , Hemoglobinas/metabolismo , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Indução de Remissão , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab , Espanha , Resultado do Tratamento , Adulto Jovem
6.
Haematologica ; 95(6): 936-41, 2010 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-20179088

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The presence of minimal residual disease detected by polymerase chain reaction techniques prior to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation has proven to be an independent prognostic factor for poor outcome in children with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. DESIGN AND METHODS: The aim of this study was to ascertain whether the presence of minimal residual disease detected by multiparametric flow cytometry prior to allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is related to outcome in children acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Minimal residual disease was quantified by multiparametric flow cytometry at a median of 10 days prior to hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in 31 children (age range, 10 months to 16 years) with acute lymphoblastic leukemia. Thirteen patients were transplanted in first remission. Stem cell donors were HLA-identical siblings in 8 cases and matched unrelated donors in 23. Twenty-six children received a total body irradiation-containing conditioning regimen. According to the level of minimal residual disease, patients were divided into two groups: minimal residual disease-positive (>or=0.01%) (n=10) and minimal residual disease-negative (<0.01%) (n=21). RESULTS: Estimated event-free survival rates at 2 years for the minimal residual disease-negative and -positive subgroups were 74% and 20%, respectively (P=0.004) and overall survival rates were 80% and 20%, respectively (P=0.005). Bivariate analysis identified pre-transplant minimal residual disease as the only significant factor for relapse and also for death (P<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: The presence of minimal residual disease measured by multiparametric flow cytometry identified a group of patients with a 9.5-fold higher risk of relapse and a 3.2-fold higher risk of death than those without minimal residual disease. This study supports the strong relationship between pre-transplantation minimal residual disease measured by multiparametric flow cytometry and outcome following allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and concur with the results of previous studies using polymerase chain reaction techniques.


Assuntos
Citometria de Fluxo/métodos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/mortalidade , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/cirurgia , Adolescente , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Feminino , Seguimentos , Humanos , Lactente , Masculino , Neoplasia Residual , Leucemia-Linfoma Linfoblástico de Células Precursoras/radioterapia , Fatores de Risco , Taxa de Sobrevida/tendências , Transplante Homólogo , Resultado do Tratamento , Irradiação Corporal Total/tendências
7.
Ann Hematol ; 85(6): 400-6, 2006 Jun.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16550390

RESUMO

Rituximab induces B-cell depletion; therefore, it has been used in the treatment of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). The aim of this retrospective study was to evaluate the effectiveness of rituximab in the treatment of 89 patients with chronic ITP refractory to several treatments. All the patients had platelet counts <30 x 10(9)/l. They had received a median of five (2-13) previous treatments, and 47 had undergone splenectomy. Rituximab was administered i.v. at 375 mg/m(2) in four weekly doses in 77 patients, and 12 patients received 1-6 doses. Forty-nine patients (55.1%) reached platelet counts >50 x 10(9)/l; 41 (46%) achieved a complete response (CR; platelets >100 x 10(9)/l), and eight (9%) obtained a partial response (platelets 50-100 x 10(9)/l). Overall, 31 patients (35%) maintained response, including 15 patients in whom splenectomy failed, with a median follow-up of 9 months (2-42), 12 for more than 1 year. The unique predictor of a maintained response was to reach a CR. Heavily treated patients (more than three different previous treatments, including any corticosteroids) and those with longer ITP duration (>10 years from diagnosis) had a worse response. Non-splenectomized patients had a better early response rate than those splenectomized. Rituximab was well tolerated, with two fever episodes following infusion and two reports of skin rash. Rituximab induced clinical responses in multi-treated refractory ITP patients with little toxicity and should be considered as an early therapeutic option in this setting, even as an alternative to splenectomy in selected patients.


Assuntos
Anticorpos Monoclonais/uso terapêutico , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Anticorpos Monoclonais/administração & dosagem , Anticorpos Monoclonais/efeitos adversos , Anticorpos Monoclonais Murinos , Antineoplásicos/administração & dosagem , Antineoplásicos/efeitos adversos , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Criança , Pré-Escolar , Exantema/induzido quimicamente , Feminino , Febre/induzido quimicamente , Seguimentos , Humanos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Contagem de Plaquetas/métodos , Púrpura Trombocitopênica Idiopática , Estudos Retrospectivos , Rituximab , Espanha , Esplenectomia , Resultado do Tratamento
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