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1.
Braz Oral Res ; 33: e115, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31939497

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to investigate how Brazilian dentists perceive and manage dentin hypersensitivity (DH) in their clinical routine. A 13-item questionnaire-based survey was developed and sent electronically to a convenience sample of dentists. The questionnaire assessed the personal and dental practice characteristics of the sample, the occurrence of DH in their daily clinical practice, and management strategies. The data were analyzed descriptively and together with the chi-square test (a = 0.05). A total of 353 responses were obtained from September 2017 to March 2018. Of all the respondents, 62% were females, 49.9% reported fewer than five years of dental practice, and 70.5% were self-identified as private practitioners. Most of the dentists reported an estimated frequency (30-60%) of patients with DH in their practice. The most frequently cited (91.79%) trigger of DH was air blast and/or scratching with a probe. The first-choice strategy to manage DH was a dentin desensitizer (48.16%). The number of years in clinical practice did not influence DH relapse frequency (p = 0.76) significantly, or consider DH treatment as a problem (p = 0.22). The present findings indicate that, regardless of clinical experience, dentists in Brazil still consider DH management a challenge in their daily dental practice. In addition, the results suggest that guidelines should be developed to disseminate the available knowledge regarding this condition in ways that may influence decision-making processes among practitioners.


Assuntos
Sensibilidade da Dentina/terapia , Gerenciamento Clínico , Padrões de Prática Odontológica/estatística & dados numéricos , Brasil , Tomada de Decisão Clínica , Dessensibilizantes Dentinários/uso terapêutico , Odontólogos/estatística & dados numéricos , Feminino , Humanos , Masculino , Inquéritos e Questionários
2.
J Dent ; 89: 103180, 2019 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-31415787

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The aim of this split-mouth, triple-blind, randomized clinical trial was to evaluate the long-term clinical efficacy of experimental potassium oxalate concentration (10%) in relieving dentin hypersensitivity (DH), after a four-session application protocol. METHODS: Potassium oxalate gels with different concentrations (5 and 10%) were randomly assigned to half of the 31 patients from the sample in a split-mouth design. The desensitizers were applied following a four-session protocol, one session every 48 h. The primary outcome was the assessment of pain level with the visual analog scale (VAS, 0-10), at baseline, immediately after each desensitizing session, and also after the seventh day and along 1-,3-, 6-, 9- and 12-months follow-ups. Statistical analyses were performed using Friedman repeated measures and Wilcoxon signed rank tests (α = 0.05). RESULTS: For both groups, the minimum of three sessions were required for the achievement of lower DH levels. Regardless of the concentration, the desensitizing effect was maintained all the way to the end of the 6-month follow-up. The 10%-potassium oxalate group was more effective for both 9 and 12-months follow-up periods (p < 0.001). No complications and adverse effects were observed. CONCLUSIONS: When a four-session protocol is applied, both concentrations of potassium oxalate (5 and 10%) proved to be effective on DH reduction for up to six months. However, the higher concentration promoted better long-term results. CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The DH is an increasing condition in clinical practice, which affects the patient's life quality. This study provides primary clinical evidence, suggesting that multiple application sessions and higher concentrations of potassium oxalate may result in maintenance of the desensitizing effect for more extended periods. Trial registered under number: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT03083496.

3.
Biosci. j. (Online) ; 31(2): 648-656, mar./abr. 2015.
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS | ID: biblio-964122

RESUMO

The aim of this study was to analyze the biomechanical behavior of lower premolars regarding the non-carious cervical lesion (NCCL) depth, load type and restoration status, using finite element analysis. Twodimensional virtual model simulating a healthy lower premolar were created using the CAD software. Based on this image, five models were generated: healthy (H), three types of NCCLs: small lesion (SL ­ 0.5 mm deep), medium lesion (ML ­ 1.0 mm), deep lesion (DL ­ 1.5 mm), and restored lesion (RL). The models were export to a CAE software (ANSYS Finite Element Analysis Software), the areas of all structures were plotted and each model was meshed using a control mesh device. All of the virtual models were subjected to two occlusal load types, (100N each): occlusal load (OL) and buccal load (BL) on buccal cusp. The magnitude and the stress distribution were obtained using the von Mises and maximum principal stress criteria (1), in MPa. The quantitative analysis of stress (MPa) was identified at three points of the NCCLs: enamel surface on its upper wall , dentin at the bottom wall and dentin on the lower wall. The results showed a direct relation between sequential removal of cervical structure and higher stress concentration for any groups and for both loads types. For OL the highest value of stress was 8.8 MPa for DL on upper wall of NCCLs.The BL exhibited higher stress values in comparison to the OL for all models.In addtion, the BL was responsible for providing the highest stress accumulation on the bottom wall, 38.2 MPa for DL. The restoration with composite resin was able to restore a stress distribution close to the healthy model, for both load types. In conclusion, the extent of non-carious cervical lesion and loading conditions influenced the stress distribution pattern of lower premolar. The outer load seems to be more critical in affecting the biomechanical behavior of lower premolars, regardless of the lesion size. The restoration of NCCLs with composite resin appears to recover the biomechanical behavior, similar to healthy model.


O objetivo desse estudo foi analisar o comportamento biomecânico de pré-molares inferiores em relação a profundidade da lesão cervical não cariosa (LCNC), tipo de carregamento e condição da restauração, utilizando a análise por elementos finitos. Modelo virtual bidimensional simulando um pré molar inferior hígido foi criado utizando o software de CAD.A partir dessa imagem, cinco modelos foram gerados: hígido (H), três tipos de LCNCs-lesão rasa (SL-0.5 mm de profundidade), lesão média (ML-1.0mm), lesão profunda (DL-1.5mm), e lesão restaurada (RL). Os modelos foram exportados para o software de CAE (ANSYS Software de Análise por Elementos Finitos), as áreas de todas as estruturas foram plotadas e cada modelo foi malhado utilizando um dispositivo controle de malha.Todos os modelos virtuais foram submetidos a dois tipos de carregamento oclusal (100N cada): carregamento oclusal (OL) e carregamento externo (BL) na cúspide vestibular. A intensidade e a distribuição das tensões foram obtidas utilizando os critérios de von Mises e tensão máxima principal (1),em Mpa. A análise quantitativa das tensões (MPa) foi identificada em três pontos das LCNCs: parede superior em esmalte, parede de fundo em dentina e parede inferior em dentina. Os resultados apresentaram uma relação direta entre a remoção sequencial de estrutura na região cervical e os maiores valores de concentração de tensões para todos os grupos e para os dois tipos de carga. Para OL, o maior valor de tensão foi 8.8 MPa para DL na parede superior da LCNCs. O BL exibiu maiores valores de tensão em comparação ao OL para todos os modelos. Além disso, BL foi responsável por promover o maior acúmulo de tensão na parede de fundo, 38.2 MPa para DL. A restauração com resina composta foi capaz de restaurar uma distribuição de tensões similar a do modelo hígido, para ambos os tipos de carga. Em conclusão, a extensão da lesão e o tipo de carregamento influenciaram no padrão de distribuição de tensões de pré-molares inferiores. A carga externa parece ser mais crítica para afetar o comportamento biomecânico de pré-molares inferiores, independente do tamanho da lesão. A restauração das LCNCs com resina composta, parece recuperar o comportamento biomecânico similar ao do modelo hígido.


Assuntos
Dente Pré-Molar , Resinas Compostas , Análise de Elementos Finitos
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