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1.
Arq Bras Cir Dig ; 32(1): e1417, 2019 Jan 07.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30624526

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Short bowel syndrome is a harmful condition that needs experimental research. AIM: To assess the impact of the ileocecal valve removal in a model of short bowel syndrome, in order to investigate the evolution of the colon under this circumstance. METHOD: Fifteen Wistar rats were equitable divided into: Control (Sham), Group I (70% enterectomy preserving ileocecal valve) and Group II (70% enterectomy excluding ileocecal valve). After enterectomy was performed jejunoileal or jejunocecal anastomosis and sacrificed the animals on 30th postoperative day for histomorphometric study of the colon. During this period, was observed the clinical evolution of the animals weekly including body weight measurement. RESULTS: Group I and II presented progressive loss of weight. In Group I was observed diarrhea, perineal hyperemia and purple color of the colon during autopsy. Histomorphometry assay showed hypertrophy and hyperplasia of colon mucosa in Group I. In Group II the colon wall was thicker due to hypertrophy and muscular hyperplasia, and in mucosa vascular proliferation and inflammatory infiltrate were intense. CONCLUSION: This short bowel syndrome model is relevant and achieve 100% of survival. Animal's weight loss was not altered by the presence or exclusion of the ileocecal valve. Animals with 70% of small bowel removal and presence of the ileocecal valve attained a better clinical evolution and histological colon adaptation than those without ileocecal valve.


Assuntos
Modelos Animais de Doenças , Valva Ileocecal/cirurgia , Intestino Delgado/cirurgia , Síndrome do Intestino Curto/cirurgia , Animais , Biópsia , Peso Corporal , Colo/patologia , Colo/cirurgia , Valva Ileocecal/patologia , Mucosa Intestinal/patologia , Mucosa Intestinal/cirurgia , Intestino Delgado/patologia , Derivação Jejunoileal/métodos , Masculino , Distribuição Aleatória , Ratos Wistar , Reprodutibilidade dos Testes , Síndrome do Intestino Curto/patologia , Fatores de Tempo , Resultado do Tratamento
2.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 32(1): e1417, 2019. tab, graf
Artigo em Inglês | LILACS-Express | ID: biblio-973379

RESUMO

ABSTRACT Background : Short bowel syndrome is a harmful condition that needs experimental research. Aim: To assess the impact of the ileocecal valve removal in a model of short bowel syndrome, in order to investigate the evolution of the colon under this circumstance. Method: Fifteen Wistar rats were equitable divided into: Control (Sham), Group I (70% enterectomy preserving ileocecal valve) and Group II (70% enterectomy excluding ileocecal valve). After enterectomy was performed jejunoileal or jejunocecal anastomosis and sacrificed the animals on 30th postoperative day for histomorphometric study of the colon. During this period, was observed the clinical evolution of the animals weekly including body weight measurement. Results: Group I and II presented progressive loss of weight. In Group I was observed diarrhea, perineal hyperemia and purple color of the colon during autopsy. Histomorphometry assay showed hypertrophy and hyperplasia of colon mucosa in Group I. In Group II the colon wall was thicker due to hypertrophy and muscular hyperplasia, and in mucosa vascular proliferation and inflammatory infiltrate were intense. Conclusion : This short bowel syndrome model is relevant and achieve 100% of survival. Animal's weight loss was not altered by the presence or exclusion of the ileocecal valve. Animals with 70% of small bowel removal and presence of the ileocecal valve attained a better clinical evolution and histological colon adaptation than those without ileocecal valve.


RESUMO Racional: Síndrome do intestino curto é condição clínica crítica e que precisa de pesquisa experimental. Objetivo: Avaliar o impacto da remoção da válvula ileocecal em um modelo de síndrome do intestino curto para investigar o comportamento do cólon nesta circunstância. Método: Quinze ratos Wistar foram divididos em três grupos de cinco: Controle (Sham), grupo I (enterectomia de 70% com preservação da válvula ileocecal), e grupo II (70% enterectomia de 70% excluindo a válvula ileocecal). Após a enterectomia foi restabelecido o trânsito com anastomose jejunoileal no grupo I e jejunocecal no grupo II. Os animais foram sacrificados no 30º dia do pós-operatório para histomorfometria do cólon. Durante este período, observou-se a evolução clínica semanal, incluindo a medição do peso corporal. Resultados: Grupos I e II apresentaram perda progressiva de peso. No grupo I houve diarreia, períneo hiperemiado e cor violácea do cólon durante a autópsia. A histomorfometria mostrou hipertrofia e hiperplasia da mucosa do cólon no grupo I. No grupo II a parede do cólon estava mais espessa devido à hipertrofia e hiperplasia das camadas muscular e mucosa onde a proliferação vascular e infiltração inflamatória foi intensa. Conclusão: Este modelo é factível e atingiu 100% de sobrevida. A perda de peso não foi alterada pela presença ou exclusão da válvula ileocecal. Animais com remoção de 70% do intestino delgado e presença da válvula ileocecal apresentaram melhor evolução clínica e adaptação histológica do cólon que os sem válvula ileocecal.

3.
Hepatology ; 2018 Sep 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30218577

RESUMO

A previously healthy 27-year-old female had 3 days of fever (40°C), headache, and myalgia. She had not been previously vaccinated for YF. Initial workup revealed 2,150 leukocytes/mm3 , 83,000 platelets/mm3 , AST 8462U/L and ALT 5249U/L (Figure 1). She was icteric with a heart rate of 60 bpm. The following day, a generalized seizure led to intubation, and renal failure led to hemodialysis. Transcranial doppler ultrasound showed signs of intracranial hypertension, cranial CT scan showed diffuse hypoattenuation and loss of grey-white differentiation; abdominal doppler ultrasound, and echocardiogram were normal. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

4.
Ann Med Surg (Lond) ; 28: 1-5, 2018 Apr.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29541450

RESUMO

Background: Islets of Langerhans transplantation is a promising alternative for glycemic control in patients with type 1 diabetes. The graft site is a factor that has large impact on the functioning of this transplant, and the stomach appears to be a promising location. Our objective is to describe a new experimental model for the grafting of Islets of Langerhans in rat stomachs. Methodology: Islets of Langerhans were extracted from 45 isogenic male rats of the Lewis lineage and transplanted into 9 isogenic rats of the Wistar lineage; 5 in the gastric body submucosa, and 4 in the gastric fundus submucosa. Normoglycemia was defined as two successive measurements of <250 mg/dL. No immunosuppression was used. The two groups glycemia control improvement were compared with t-student test. Results: The results obtained following the transplantation of the islets in 9 rats showed between 995 and 2310 islets transplanted (mean of 1367). The rats from the gastric submucosa group had a better glycemic level improvement, with a confidence equal to 83.94%. Conclusion: Islets graft into the gastric fundus submucosa is a viable model with potential for adequate glycemic control. This model gives potential for new perspectives and future studies in this area.

5.
Sci Rep ; 7(1): 12960, 2017 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-29021615

RESUMO

Well-vascularized composite tissue offers improved outcomes for complex head and neck reconstruction. Patients with vessel-depleted necks and failed reconstructions require alternative reconstructive options. We describe a pedicled internal mammary artery osteomyocutaneous chimeric flap (PIMOC) for salvage head and neck reconstruction. Bilateral dissections of 35 fresh cadavers were performed to study individual tissue components and vascular pedicles to develop the PIMOC technique. The flap was then utilized in a series of patients with vessel-depleted neck anatomy. The PIMOC was dissected bilaterally in all cadavers and there were no statistical differences in vascular pedicle caliber or length with regards to laterality or gender. Five patients subsequently underwent this procedure. The flaps included a vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous component and a 6th or 7th rib with adjacent muscle and skin to restore bone defects, internal lining, and external coverage. All donor sites were closed primarily. There were no flap losses and all patients gained improvements in facial contour, speech and swallow. Although technically complex, the PIMOC is reproducible and provides a safe and reliable option for salvage head and neck reconstruction. The harvest of the 6th or 7th rib and rectus abdominis muscle renders an acceptable donor site.

6.
Sci Rep ; 6: 30894, 2016 08 04.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-27488366

RESUMO

Fecal incontinence is a challenging condition with numerous available treatment modalities. Success rates vary across these modalities, and permanent colostomy is often indicated when they fail. For these cases, a novel potential therapeutic strategy is anorectal transplantation (ATx). We performed four isogeneic (Lewis-to-Lewis) and seven allogeneic (Wistar-to-Lewis) ATx procedures. The anorectum was retrieved with a vascular pedicle containing the aorta in continuity with the inferior mesenteric artery and portal vein in continuity with the inferior mesenteric vein. In the recipient, the native anorectal segment was removed and the graft was transplanted by end-to-side aorta-aorta and porto-cava anastomoses and end-to-end colorectal anastomosis. Recipients were sacrificed at the experimental endpoint on postoperative day 30. Surviving animals resumed normal body weight gain and clinical performance within 5 days of surgery. Isografts and 42.9% of allografts achieved normal clinical evolution up to the experimental endpoint. In 57.1% of allografts, signs of immunological rejection (abdominal distention, diarrhea, and anal mucosa inflammation) were observed three weeks after transplantation. Histology revealed moderate to severe rejection in allografts and no signs of rejection in isografts. We describe a feasible model of ATx in rats, which may allow further physiological and immunologic studies.


Assuntos
Canal Anal/transplante , Aorta/transplante , Artéria Mesentérica Inferior/transplante , Veia Porta/transplante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos Reconstrutivos/métodos , Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Animais , Colostomia/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Qualidade de Vida , Ratos , Ratos Endogâmicos Lew , Ratos Wistar , Transplante Homólogo
7.
BMC Med Imaging ; 15: 37, 2015 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26385342

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Abernethy malformation is a rare congenital vascular abnormality in which the portal vein bypasses the liver and drains directly into the inferior vena cava. Diagnosis is complex and requires good quality imaging methods to identify details in systemic and portal circulation in order to establish diagnostic confirmation and treatment strategy. In this study we highlight the significance of the use of CT scans and Color Doppler Duplex Ultrasound for the diagnosis, treatment and evolution assessment in two adults with Abernethy malformation. CASE PRESENTATION: The diagnosis and the treatment of two patients with Abernethy malformation by CT scan and Color Doppler Duplex Ultrasound is described. One patient was submitted to liver transplantation due to chronic liver disease and multiple nodules diagnosed as adenoma. The other patient had normal liver function and a mild neurological and psychomotor dysfunction, therefore we adopted clinical treatment and close liver parenchyma evaluation and nodule surveillance, using an imaging approach involving intercalating CT scan and Color Doppler Duplex Ultrasound every 6 months. We highlight some important direct and indirect findings of non-invasive imaging methods. CONCLUSION: Abernethy malformation requires meticulous image diagnosis to improve treatment and avoid iatrogenic procedures. CT scans and Color Doppler Duplex Ultrasound are both efficient methods for diagnosis, treatment planning and evolution assessment of patients with Abernethy malformation.


Assuntos
Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Ultrassonografia Doppler em Cores/métodos , Malformações Vasculares/patologia , Veia Cava Inferior/patologia , Diagnóstico Diferencial , Feminino , Humanos , Hepatopatias/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Malformações Vasculares/complicações , Veia Cava Inferior/diagnóstico por imagem , Adulto Jovem
8.
Ann Transplant ; 20: 320-6, 2015 Jun 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-26056159

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The pig is an essential model for liver transplantation research and training. However, it develops hemodynamic instability during the anhepatic phase, requiring a short anhepatic phase or an extracorporeal circulation not appropriate for training purposes because it increases the risk of intraoperative complications. In this article we describe an economical and reproductive experimental model for training surgeon fellows in liver transplantation, without veno-venous bypass, using a supraceliac aortic cross-clamping maneuver. MATERIAL AND METHODS: After liver liberation, we cross-clamped the supraceliac aorta and cross-clamped and divided the infrahepatic inferior vena cava (IVC), bile duct (BD), hepatic artery (HA), portal vein (PV), and suprahepatic IVC. We rapidly removed and flushed the liver ex situ, repositioned it orthotopically, and performed anastomosis in suprahepatic IVC, infrahepatic IVC and PV, reperfusing the liver. Lastly, we anastomosed the HA and BD. We also performed pulmonary artery catheter exams and recovery blood samples serially before and after graft reperfusion (beginning of anesthesia = basal; 5 min after reperfusion and 120 min after reperfusion = end-point) for hemodynamic and metabolic assessment. RESULTS: Transplantation fellows were able to perform the operations assisted by a senior surgeon. The median procedure time was 211 min (188-233 min). One pig died due to hemorrhage and 5 remained alive for up to 2 h after liver reperfusion, achieving at this time normal hemodynamic and metabolic parameters. CONCLUSIONS: This model is suitable for training and experimentation, avoids venovenous bypass, is low cost, avoids immunological reaction, and prevents hemodynamic and metabolic complications.


Assuntos
Anastomose Cirúrgica/métodos , Aorta/cirurgia , Transplante de Fígado/métodos , Animais , Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Feminino , Hemodinâmica , Artéria Hepática/cirurgia , Masculino , Modelos Anatômicos , Modelos Animais , Veia Porta/cirurgia , Suínos , Transplante Autólogo , Veia Cava Inferior/cirurgia
9.
J Transplant ; 2014: 219789, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25525508

RESUMO

Until July 15, 2006, the time on the waiting list was the main criterion for allocating deceased donor livers in the state of São Paulo, Brazil. After this date, MELD has been the basis for the allocation of deceased donor livers for adult transplantation. Our aim was to compare the waitlist dynamics before MELD (1997-2005) and after MELD (2006-2012) in our state. A retrospective study was conducted including the data from all the liver transplant candidate waiting lists from July 1997 to December 2012. The data were related to the actual number of liver transplantations (Tr), the incidence of new patients on the list (I), and the number of patients who died while being on the waitlist (D) from 1997 to 2005 (the pre-MELD era) and from 2006 to 2012 (the post-MELD era). The number of transplantations from 1997 to 2005 and from 2006 to 2012 increased nonlinearly, with a clear trend to levelling to equilibrium at approximately 350 and 500 cases per year, respectively. The implementation of the MELD score resulted in a shorter waiting time until liver transplantation. Additionally, there was a significant effect on the waitlist dynamics in the first 4 years; however, the curves diverge from there, implying a null long-range effect on the waitlist by the MELD scores.

10.
PLoS One ; 9(9): e108453, 2014.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-25255079

RESUMO

The objectives of this study were to develop a rat model of gastrointestinal colonization with vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus faecalis (VRE) and extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli and to evaluate intestinal translocation to blood and tissues after total and partial hepatic ischemia. Methods - We developed a model of rat colonization with VRE and ESBL-E coli. Then we studied four groups of colonized rats: Group I (with hepatic pedicle occlusion causing complete liver ischemia and intestinal stasis); Group II (with partial liver ischemia without intestinal stasis); Group III (surgical manipulation without hepatic ischemia or intestinal stasis); Group IV (anesthetized without surgical manipulation). After sacrifice, portal and systemic blood, large intestine, small intestine, spleen, liver, lungs, and cervical and mesenteric lymph nodes were cultured. Endotoxin concentrations in portal and systemic blood were determined. Results - The best inocula were: VRE: 2.4×10(10) cfu and ESBL-E. coli: 1.12×10(10) cfu. The best results occurred 24 hours after inoculation and antibiotic doses of 750 µg/mL of water for vancomycin and 2.1 mg/mL for ceftriaxone. There was a significantly higher proportion of positive cultures for ESBL-E. coli in the lungs in Groups I, II and III when compared with Group IV (67%; 60%; 75% and 13%, respectively; p:0.04). VRE growth was more frequent in mesenteric lymph nodes for Groups I (67%) and III (38%) than for Groups II (13%) and IV (none) (p:0.002). LPS was significantly higher in systemic blood of Group I (9.761 ± 13.804 EU/mL-p:0.01). No differences for endotoxin occurred in portal blood. Conclusion -We developed a model of rats colonized with resistant bacteria useful to study intestinal translocation. Translocation occurred in surgical procedures with and without hepatic ischemia-reperfusion and probably occurred via the bloodstream. Translocation was probably lymphatic in the ischemia-reperfusion groups. Systemic blood endotoxin levels were higher in the group with complete hepatic ischemia.


Assuntos
Translocação Bacteriana , Enterococcus faecalis/efeitos dos fármacos , Escherichia coli/genética , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/complicações , Infecções por Bactérias Gram-Positivas/microbiologia , Fígado/microbiologia , Fígado/patologia , Traumatismo por Reperfusão/complicações , Animais , Bacteriemia , Modelos Animais de Doenças , Endotoxemia , Masculino , Ratos , Vancomicina/farmacologia , Resistência a Vancomicina , beta-Lactamases/genética
11.
Surg Radiol Anat ; 36(2): 105-9, 2014 Mar.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23817807

RESUMO

Accurate knowledge of the anatomy of the bile ducts is critical for successfully hepato-biliary surgery. We describe the anatomical variations of the confluence of the bile ducts, their branches patterns, frequency and classification. From 1996 to 2011, we have collected data of the bile duct confluence. 2,032 and 1,014 anatomical variations of right and left bile ducts, respectively, were reviewed and classified according to the branching pattern. The frequencies of each type of the right hepatic duct (RHD) were as follows: Type A1-1,247 (61.3%); Type A2-296 (14.5%); Type A3-272 (13.3%); Type A4-124 (6.1%); Type A5-21 (1%) and others-72 (3.5%) and, for the left hepatic duct (LHD) was as follows: Type B1-773 (76.2%); Type B2-153 (15%); Type B3-38 (3.7%); Type B4-9 (0.8%); Type B5-29 (2.8%) and others-12 (1.1%). Atypical branching patterns of both the right and left hepatic ducts were found in 14 and 8%, respectively. The two most common variations of the RHD were right anterior and posterior hepatic ducts join together to form the RHD and trifurcation where the RHD is absent and right anterior and posterior hepatic ducts join directly to the confluence with the LHD to form the common hepatic duct. The two most common variations in the LHD were segment IV drainage to the left and right hepatic ducts.


Assuntos
Variação Anatômica/fisiologia , Ductos Biliares/anatomia & histologia , Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Colangiografia/métodos , Humanos , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética/métodos , Tomografia Computadorizada por Raios X/métodos , Ultrassonografia Doppler/métodos
12.
Arq Bras Cir Dig ; 26(3): 223-9, 2013 Jul-Sep.
Artigo em Inglês, Português | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24190382

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Small bowel transplantation evolution, because of its complexity, was slower than other solid organs. Several advances have enabled its clinical application. AIM: To review intestinal transplantation evolution and its current status. METHOD: Search in MEDLINE and ScIELO literature. The terms used as descriptors were: intestinal failure, intestinal transplantation, small bowel transplantation, multivisceral transplantation. Were analyzed data on historical evolution, centers experience, indications, types of grafts, selection and organ procurement, postoperative management, complications and results. CONCLUSION: Despite a slower evolution, intestinal transplantation is currently the standard therapy for patients with intestinal failure and life-threatening parenteral nutrition complications. It involves some modalities: small bowel transplantation, liver-intestinal transplantation, multivisceral transplantation and modified multivisceral transplantation. Currently, survival rate is similar to other solid organs. Most of the patients become free of parenteral nutrition.


Assuntos
Intestino Delgado/transplante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Humanos , Transplante de Órgãos/métodos
13.
HPB Surg ; 2013: 689835, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-24072955

RESUMO

Pentoxifylline (PTX) has been shown to have beneficial effects on microcirculatory blood flow. In this study we evaluate the potential hemodynamic and metabolic benefits of PTX during hepatic ischemia. We also test the hypothesis that portal PTX infusion can minimize the I/R injury when compared to systemic infusion. Methods. Twenty-four dogs (18.1 ± 0.7 kg) were subjected to portal triad occlusion (PTO) for 45 min. The animals were assigned to 3 groups: CT (control, PTO, n = 8), PTX-syst (PTO + 25 mg/Kg of PTX IV, n = 8), and PTX-pv (PTO + 25 mg/Kg of PTX in the portal vein, n = 8). Animals were followed for 120 min. Systemic hemodynamics, gastrointestinal tract perfusion, oxygen-derived variables, and liver enzymes were evaluated throughout the experiment. Results. Animals treated with PTX presented significantly higher CO in the first hour after reperfusion, when compared to the CT (~3.7 vs. 2.1 L/min, P < 0.05). Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) was similar in the PTX groups two hours after reperfusion but significantly higher in the CT (227 vs. ~64 U/L, P < 0.05). Conclusion. PTX infusion was associated with hemodynamic benefits and was able to minimize liver injury during normothermic hepatic I/R. However, local PTX infusion was not associated with any significant advantage over systemic route.

14.
ABCD arq. bras. cir. dig ; 26(3): 223-229, jul.-set. 2013. ilus
Artigo em Português | LILACS | ID: lil-689682

RESUMO

INTRODUÇÃO: O transplante de intestino delgado, em razão de sua complexidade, apresentou evolução mais lenta que os demais órgãos sólidos. Diversos avanços permitiram sua aplicação clínica. OBJETIVO: Revisão da evolução do transplante de intestino delgado e seu estado atual. MÉTODO: levantamento bibliográfico nas bases de dados MEDLINE e ScIELO. Os termos usados como descritores foram: intestinal failure, intestinal transplant, small bowel transplant, multivisceral transplant. Foram analisados dados sobre evolução histórica, centros, indicações, tipos de enxertos, seleção e captação de órgãos, manejo pós-operatório, complicações e resultados. CONCLUSÃO: Apesar de desenvolvimento mais lento, o transplante intestinal é hoje a terapia para pacientes portadores de falência intestinal irreversível que apresentam complicações da nutrição parenteral. Envolve algumas modalidades: intestino delgado isolado, fígado-intestino, multivisceral e multivisceral modificado. Atualmente a sobrevida é semelhante aos demais órgãos sólidos. A maioria dos pacientes fica livre da nutrição parenteral.


BACKGROUND: Small bowel transplantation evolution, because of its complexity, was slower than other solid organs. Several advances have enabled its clinical application. AIM: To review intestinal transplantation evolution and its current status. METHOD: Search in MEDLINE and ScIELO literature. The terms used as descriptors were: intestinal failure, intestinal transplantation, small bowel transplantation, multivisceral transplantation. Were analyzed data on historical evolution, centers experience, indications, types of grafts, selection and organ procurement, postoperative management, complications and results. CONCLUSION: Despite a slower evolution, intestinal transplantation is currently the standard therapy for patients with intestinal failure and life-threatening parenteral nutrition complications. It involves some modalities: small bowel transplantation, liver-intestinal transplantation, multivisceral transplantation and modified multivisceral transplantation. Currently, survival rate is similar to other solid organs. Most of the patients become free of parenteral nutrition.


Assuntos
Humanos , Intestino Delgado/transplante , Procedimentos Cirúrgicos do Sistema Digestório/métodos , Transplante de Órgãos/métodos
16.
PLoS One ; 8(2): e55288, 2013.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23424628

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: The success of pancreatic islet transplantation still faces many challenges, mainly related to cell damage during islet isolation and early post-transplant. The increased generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) during islet isolation and the consumption of antioxidant defenses appear to be an important pathway related to islet damage. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: In the present study we evaluated whether supplementation of glutathione-ethyl-ester (GEE) during islet isolation could improve islet viability and transplant outcomes in a murine marginal islet mass model. We also cultured human islets for 24 hours in standard CMRL media with or without GEE supplementation. Supplementation of GEE decreased the content of ROS in isolated islets, leading to a decrease in apoptosis and maintenance of islet viability. A higher percentage of mice transplanted with a marginal mass of GEE treated islets became euglycemic after transplant. The supplementation of 20 mM GEE in cultured human islets significantly reduced the apoptosis rate in comparison to untreated islets. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: GEE supplementation was able to decrease the apoptosis rate and intracellular content of ROS in isolated islets and might be considered a potential intervention to improve islet viability during the isolation process and maintenance in culture before islet transplantation.


Assuntos
Glutationa/análogos & derivados , Transplante das Ilhotas Pancreáticas/métodos , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/citologia , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/efeitos dos fármacos , Sobrevivência de Tecidos/efeitos dos fármacos , Animais , Apoptose/efeitos dos fármacos , Separação Celular , Glutationa/farmacologia , Humanos , Espaço Intracelular/efeitos dos fármacos , Espaço Intracelular/metabolismo , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/metabolismo , Ilhotas Pancreáticas/fisiologia , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Modelos Animais , Espécies Reativas de Oxigênio/metabolismo
17.
Xenotransplantation ; 19(5): 298-304, 2012 Sep-Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22957972

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Xenotransplantation is a potential solution for the high mortality of patients on the waiting list for multivisceral transplantation; nevertheless, hyperacute rejection (HAR) hampers this practice and motivates innovative research. In this report, we describe a model of multivisceral xenotransplantation in which we observed immunoglobulin G (IgG) involvement in HAR. METHODS: We recovered en bloc multivisceral grafts (distal esophagus, stomach, small intestine, colon, liver, pancreas, and kidneys) from rabbits (n = 20) and implanted them in the swine (n = 15) or rabbits (n = 5, control). Three hours after graft reperfusion, we collected samples from all graft organs for histological study and to assess IgG fixation by immunofluorescence. Histopathologic findings were graded according to previously described methods. RESULTS: No histopathological features of rejection were seen in the rabbit allografts. In the swine-to-rabbit grafts, features of HAR were moderate in the liver and severe in esophagus, stomach, intestines, spleen, pancreas, and kidney. Xenograft vessels were the central target of HAR. The main lesions included edema, hemorrhage, thrombosis, myosites, fibrinoid degeneration, and necrosis. IgG deposition was intense on cell membranes, mainly in the vascular endothelium. CONCLUSIONS: Rabbit-to-swine multivisceral xenotransplants undergo moderate HAR in the liver and severe HAR in the other organs. Moderate HAR in the liver suggests a degree of resistance to the humoral immune response in this organ. Strong IgG fixation in cell membranes, including vascular endothelium, confirms HAR characterized by a primary humoral immune response. This model allows appraisal of HAR in multiple organs and investigation of the liver's relative resistance to this immune response.


Assuntos
Rejeição de Enxerto/imunologia , Imunoglobulina G/metabolismo , Transplante Heterólogo/efeitos adversos , Transplante Heterólogo/imunologia , Doença Aguda , Animais , Sistema Digestório/imunologia , Sistema Digestório/patologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/etiologia , Rejeição de Enxerto/patologia , Transplante de Fígado/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Fígado/imunologia , Transplante de Fígado/patologia , Masculino , Modelos Animais , Especificidade de Órgãos , Coelhos , Sus scrofa , Imunologia de Transplantes
19.
Acta Cir Bras ; 27(8): 589-94, 2012 Aug.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-22850713

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To present a review about a comparative study of bile duct ligation versus carbon tetrachloride Injection for inducing experimental liver cirrhosis. METHODS: This research was made through Medline/PubMed and SciELO web sites looking for papers on the content "induction of liver cirrhosis in rats". We have found 107 articles but only 30 were selected from 2004 to 2011. RESULTS: The most common methods used for inducing liver cirrhosis in the rat were administration of carbon tetrachloride (CCl4) and bile duct ligation (BDL). CCl4 has induced cirrhosis from 36 hours to 18 weeks after injection and BDL from seven days to four weeks after surgery. CONCLUSION: For a safer inducing cirrhosis method BDL is better than CCl4 because of the absence of toxicity for researches and shorter time for achieving it.


Assuntos
Ductos Biliares/cirurgia , Tetracloreto de Carbono/toxicidade , Cirrose Hepática Experimental/induzido quimicamente , Cirrose Hepática Experimental/cirurgia , Animais , Ligadura , Ratos , Fatores de Tempo
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