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1.
Bull Cancer ; 100(3): 271-82, 2013 Mar.
Artigo em Francês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-23518301

RESUMO

Optimizing the care management of patients is a major issue for our society. In Brittany-Pays-de-la-Loire (almost 10% of French population), an observatory of cancer has been created in 2003. Its main objective was the follow-up of expensive drugs. The knowledge of the use of these drugs in clinical practice has led to development of a thesaurus of good use. Thus, regular exchanges between clinicians have almost totally reduced not medically justified prescriptions by the thesaurus after and before administration to patient. The thesaurus has given away to national guidelines from 2007. For example, in these two regions, optimization of the use of gemcitabine and bevacizumab has allowed to save respectively 2.5 millions euros between 2005 and 2008 and 3 millions euros between 2009 and 2010 (breast cancer only). Optimizing the use of anticancer drugs has allowed a real health economy without any bad impact on patient management. Respecting medical ethics, the main objective remains to optimize health care. This highly participation of clinicians currently allows to reflect together on the relevance of the last chemotherapy.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/economia , Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias/tratamento farmacológico , Melhoria de Qualidade/economia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/economia , Anticorpos Monoclonais Humanizados/uso terapêutico , Bevacizumab , Redução de Custos/economia , Desoxicitidina/análogos & derivados , Desoxicitidina/economia , Desoxicitidina/uso terapêutico , Custos de Medicamentos , França , Humanos , Melhoria de Qualidade/normas
2.
J Clin Oncol ; 25(24): 3732-8, 2007 Aug 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-17704423

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This randomized, 2 x 2 factorial study compared a semimonthly regimen (fluorouracil [FU] and leucovorin [LV] semi-monthly is LV5FU2) with a monthly regimen of FU and LV (mFU/LV) as well as 24 weeks versus 36 weeks of each regimen as adjuvant treatment of stage II and III colon cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: LV5FU2 was administered semimonthly for 2 days as racemate (dl) or levogyre (l-; 200 or 100 mg/m(2)) as a 2-hour infusion, followed by 400 mg/m(2) FU bolus and a 600-mg/m(2) FU 22-hour continuous infusion. FU and LV were administered monthly (mFU/LV) for 5 days as dl- or l-LV 15-minute infusion, followed by a 400 mg/m(2) FU 15-minute infusion. The primary end point was disease-free survival (DFS). RESULTS: Between September 1996 and November 1999, 905 patients with stage II (43%) and III (57%) colon cancer were enrolled. The median follow-up was 6 years. There was no statistically significant difference between mFU/LV and LV5FU2 in terms of DFS (150 v 148 events; hazard ratio [HR],1.01; 95% CI, 0.806 to 1.269; P = .94) and overall survival (OS; 104 v 103 events; HR,1.02; 95% CI, 0.77 to 1.34; P = .91). No statistical difference was observed between 24 or 36 weeks of chemotherapy. Median survival from metastatic relapse was 24 months. The survival of patients with metastatic relapse (n = 243) was significantly longer for patients with a longer time from random assignment to relapse (< 1, 1 to 2, >or= 2 years; log-rank test for trend P, .0497). CONCLUSION: DFS and OS were not statistically different between treatment groups and treatment durations. These data confirm the value of LV5FU2 as control arm in the Multicenter International Study of Oxaliplatin/5FU-LV in the Adjuvant Treatment of Colon Cancer and Pan-European Trials in Adjuvant Colon Cancer studies.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Neoplasias do Colo/mortalidade , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Seguimentos , Humanos , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia , Prognóstico , Taxa de Sobrevida
3.
Bull Cancer ; 93(1): E1-6, 2006 Jan.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-16455499

RESUMO

METHODS: We evaluated the Epitax combination (epirubicin 60 mg/m2 and docetaxel 75 mg/m2, every 3 weeks) in advanced gastric cancer (AGC) as second-line treatment after fluorouracil and platinum in 50 patients, then as first-line treatment in 36 patients. We report here the results of these two phase II studies. RESULTS: In the second-line treatment, the response rate (RR) was 15.5%. Grade 3-4 neutropenia was observed in 68% (febrile neutropenia in 40%, one treatment-related death). Median time to progression (TTP) and overall survival (OS) were 2.4 and 5.0 months, respectively. In the first-line treatment, the RR was 19.4%. With prophylactic granulocyte colony-stimulating factor, grade 3-4 neutropenia was reported in 38.9%. Then 22 patients received a second-line and 11 patients a third-line treatment. Median TTP and OS were 4.5 and 12 months, respectively. CONCLUSION: Epitax showed moderate activity in AGC. RR in both trials suggests a non-cross resistance with fluorouracil/platinum combination. The 12-month OS in the first-line treatment could be partly explained by early evaluation and active non-cross resistant second-line therapy.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias Gástricas/tratamento farmacológico , Adulto , Idoso , Progressão da Doença , Docetaxel , Epirubicina/administração & dosagem , Feminino , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Recidiva Local de Neoplasia/tratamento farmacológico , Neutropenia/induzido quimicamente , Neoplasias Gástricas/patologia , Análise de Sobrevida , Taxoides/administração & dosagem , Resultado do Tratamento
4.
Pharm Res ; 21(9): 1558-63, 2004 Sep.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-15497679

RESUMO

PURPOSE: To determine (i) the efficiency of radiosensitizing 5-FU-loaded microspheres and (ii) the impact of microparticle formulation on response to treatment. METHODS: C6 tumor-bearing rats were stereotactically implanted with microspheres and/or allocated to: control groups (untreated) or treatment (only radiotherapy; fast-release 5-FU microspheres + radiotherapy; slow-release 5-FU microspheres + radiotherapy). The next day, fractionated radiotherapy, limited to the hemibrain, was initiated in all treated animals. The irradiation cycle included 36 Gy, given in 9 sessions for 3 consecutive weeks. Tumor development was assessed by T2-weighted MRI. RESULTS: 5-FU microspheres associated with radiotherapy caused a 47% complete remission rate (9/19) as opposed to the 8% rate (1/12) when radiotherapy alone or 0% in control animals. Drug delivery for 3 weeks produced better survival results (57%) compared to one-week sustained release (41%). MR images showed exponentially increasing tumor volumes during the first half of the radiotherapy cycle, followed by a decrease, and the disappearance of the tumor if survival exceeded 120 days. CONCLUSIONS: 5-FU controlled delivery is a promising strategy for radiosensitizing gliomas. Drug delivery system formulation is unambiguously implicated in both the response to treatment and the limitation of toxic side effects.


Assuntos
Neoplasias Encefálicas/radioterapia , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Glioma/radioterapia , Radiossensibilizantes/administração & dosagem , Animais , Encéfalo/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/patologia , Avaliação Pré-Clínica de Medicamentos , Feminino , Glioma/patologia , Imagem por Ressonância Magnética , Microesferas , Ratos , Ratos Sprague-Dawley
5.
J Clin Oncol ; 21(15): 2896-903, 2003 Aug 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-12885807

RESUMO

PURPOSE: This randomized, 2 x 2 factorial study compared a semimonthly (LVFU2) with a monthly (FULV) regimen of fluorouracil and leucovorin and 24 versus 36 weeks of each regimen as adjuvant treatment of patients with stage II (Dukes' B2) and III (Dukes' C) colon cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: LVFU2 was administered semi-monthly for 2 consecutive days as dl- or l-leucovorin (200 or 100 mg/m2, respectively) as a 2-hour infusion, followed by a 400 mg/m2 FU bolus and 600 mg/m2 of FU as a 22-hour continuous infusion. FULV was administered monthly for 5 consecutive days as a 15-minute infusion of dl- or l-leucovorin, followed by 400 mg/m2 of FU as a 15-minute infusion. RESULTS: A total of 905 patients were randomly assigned. The median follow-up was 41 months. Disease-free survival was similar between the LVFU2 and FULV groups (127 v 124 events; hazard ratio [HR] = 1.04; P =.74) and between 24 and 36 weeks of therapy (128 v 123 events; HR = 0.94; P =.63). Analysis of overall survival showed a slight excess in the number of deaths in LVFU2 compared with FULV (73 v 59), but this difference was not statistically significant (HR = 1.26; 95% confidence interval, 0.90 to 1.78; P =.18). The most commonly observed grade 3 to 4 toxicities were neutropenia, diarrhea, and mucositis. Toxicities were significantly lower in the LVFU2 group (all toxicities, P <.001). CONCLUSION: Our data confirm that LVFU2 is less toxic than FULV. At a median follow-up of 41 months, no statistically significant difference could be detected in disease-free or overall survival between the treatment groups or treatment durations.


Assuntos
Adenocarcinoma/tratamento farmacológico , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Neoplasias do Colo/tratamento farmacológico , Adenocarcinoma/patologia , Adulto , Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/efeitos adversos , Quimioterapia Adjuvante , Distribuição de Qui-Quadrado , Neoplasias do Colo/patologia , Intervalo Livre de Doença , Esquema de Medicação , Feminino , Fluoruracila/administração & dosagem , Fluoruracila/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Infusões Intravenosas , Leucovorina/administração & dosagem , Leucovorina/efeitos adversos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Modelos de Riscos Proporcionais , Análise de Sobrevida , Resultado do Tratamento
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