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Ann Clin Lab Sci ; 51(4): 470-486, 2021 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34452885


OBJECTIVE: Epithelium-specific ETS protein 3 (Ese-3) is a member of the ETS family that is associated with tumor progression. However, there is little knowledge about Ese-3 in skin cancer. This study was conducted to explore the effects of Ese-3 on clinical prognosis in skin cancer and the functions of HaCaT cells. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gene expression and clinical data were collected from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA), The Genotype-Tissue Expression (GTEx), and three GSE datasets (GSE15605, GSE46517, and GSE114445). Comparison of data between groups was performed by Student's t-test and chi square test. Survival analysis was performed using log-rank test. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed using Cox proportional hazards models. Enrichment analysis was used to predict Ese-3 related functions. Cell proliferation assays, colony formation assays, and flow cytometry were used to assess cell proliferation, while Transwell assays analyzed cell migration and invasion. RESULTS: Compared with normal tissues, the Ese-3 mRNA in cutaneous malignant melanoma (CMM) patients was downregulated (P<0.0001). Ese-3 mRNA was associated with the T stage (χ 2=10.015, P=0.018), clinical stage (χ 2=4.122, P=0.042), and prognosis in CMM patients (P=0.0219) and was an independent prognostic predictor in CMM (HR=1.878, P=0.048). Enrichment analysis showed that differentially expressed proteins were associated with "protein kinase B (AKT) binding." CONCLUSION: Ese-3 inhibited the proliferation, migration, and invasion of HaCaT cells by downregulating PSIP1 and NUCKS1 expression levels to inactivate the phosphorylation of AKT.

Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/antagonistas & inibidores , Biomarcadores Tumorais/metabolismo , Regulação Neoplásica da Expressão Gênica , Proteínas Nucleares/antagonistas & inibidores , Fosfoproteínas/antagonistas & inibidores , Neoplasias Cutâneas/patologia , Fatores de Transcrição/antagonistas & inibidores , Fatores de Transcrição/metabolismo , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/genética , Proteínas Adaptadoras de Transdução de Sinal/metabolismo , Idoso , Apoptose , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Movimento Celular , Proliferação de Células , Feminino , Células HaCaT , Humanos , Masculino , Invasividade Neoplásica , Proteínas Nucleares/genética , Proteínas Nucleares/metabolismo , Fosfoproteínas/genética , Fosfoproteínas/metabolismo , Prognóstico , Neoplasias Cutâneas/genética , Neoplasias Cutâneas/metabolismo , Taxa de Sobrevida , Fatores de Transcrição/genética
Front Cell Dev Biol ; 8: 591405, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33384994


Objectives: Organotropism is primarily determined by tumor-derived exosomes. To date, the role of lung cancer cells-derived exosomes underlying the pre-metastatic niche formation is unclear. Materials and Methods: The animal models of retro-orbital and intra-ventricular injection were constructed to administrate lung cancer cells-derived exosomes. Cytokine array was used to screen the cytokines released from brain endothelium after internalization of lung cancer cells-derived exosomes. The cellular co-culture system was established to mimic microglia-vascular niche contained lung cancer cells-derived exosomes. The levels of Dkk-1 and the activities of microglia were analyzed by qRT-PCR, western blot and immunofluorescence. In vivo selections of highly brain metastatic cells were performed to analyze the direct interaction of lung cancer cells with microglia. Results: Animal studies demonstrated that there was a suppressive signal transferred from brain endothelium to microglia after internalization of lung cancer cells-derived exosomes into brain endothelium, which caused an absolutely less M1 phenotypic microglia and a relatively more M2 phenotypic microglia. Further results indicated that lung cancer cells-derived exosomes induced a release of endogenous Dkk-1 from brain endothelium, which rendered microglia to acquire a pro-tumorigenic feature in pre-metastatic niche. Subsequently, the declines of Dkk-1 in metastatic lung cancer cells removed the suppression on microglia and enhanced microglial activation in metastatic niche. Conclusion: Our findings shed a new light on the synergistic reaction of the different cells in "neurovascular units" toward the metastatic messages from lung cancer cells and provided a potential therapeutic pathway for lung cancer metastasis to brain.

FASEB J ; 33(2): 1742-1757, 2019 02.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-30183374


Small cell lung cancer (SCLC) is the most aggressive histologic subtype of lung cancer, with a strong predilection for early brain metastases. Despite efforts and advances in new therapeutics for SCLC, the prognosis of patients with SCLC with brain metastases is consistently poor. Therefore, a better understanding of the mechanisms of SCLC brain metastasis is important in improving current treatments. In this study, elevated S100A16 levels were associated with SCLC brain metastases, which was a possible secondary event arising from the brain metastatic microenvironment. Using an in vitro cell coculture system, we found that the coculturing of SCLC cells with human brain microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) led to an increased expression of S100A16 in SCLC cells. Conversely, treatment of HBMECs with GW4869, an inhibitor of exosome release, significantly blocked this effect in the cocultured SCLC cells. Alternatively, the results from Western blot analyses and immunofluorescence indicated that the HBMEC exosomes purified by ultracentrifugation also induced the elevation and translocation from the cytoplasm to the nucleus of S100A16 in the recipient SCLC cells. The inhibition experiments demonstrated that elevated S100A16 contributed a benefit of HBMEC exosomes for the survival of the recipient SCLC cells under stress. Moreover, the elevation of S100A16 in SCLC cells prevented the loss of mitochondrial membrane potential (Δψm) and enhanced resistance to apoptosis under stressful conditions, which were determined by Annexin V/propidium iodide and JC-1 assay. Further results showed that the S100A16-mediated protective effect was caused by the presence of an important element in Δψm, prohibitin (PHB)-1, a protein in the mitochondrial inner membrane. Conversely, the delivery of PHB-1 siRNAs into S100A16 overexpressing SCLC cells weakened these protective effects. Our findings suggest that elevated S100A16 plays an active role in facilitating the survival of SCLC cells through modulating the mitochondrial function, identifying S100A16 as an important potential target in SCLC brain metastasis.-Xu, Z.-H., Miao, Z.-W., Jiang, Q.-Z., Gan, D.-X., Wei, X.-G., Xue, X.-Z., Li, J.-Q., Zheng, F., Qin, X.-X., Fang, W.-G., Chen, Y.-H., Li. B. Brain microvascular endothelial cell exosome-mediated S100A16 up-regulation confers small cell lung cancer cell survival in brain.

Neoplasias Encefálicas/secundário , Encéfalo/irrigação sanguínea , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/patologia , Sobrevivência Celular , Endotélio Vascular/metabolismo , Exossomos/fisiologia , Neoplasias Pulmonares/patologia , Proteínas S100/metabolismo , Regulação para Cima , Animais , Encéfalo/patologia , Neoplasias Encefálicas/metabolismo , Carcinoma de Células Pequenas/metabolismo , Linhagem Celular Tumoral , Técnicas de Cocultura , Humanos , Neoplasias Pulmonares/metabolismo , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos BALB C , Camundongos Nus