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1.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35459878

RESUMO

We performed a registry study on therapy-related myeloid neoplasm (t-MN), both therapy-related myelodysplastic syndrome (t-MDS) and acute myeloid leukemia (t-AML) following treatment for breast cancer who underwent a first allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplant (allo-HCT). Of 252 identified female patients (median age 57 years), 77% were transplanted for t-AML and 23% for t-MDS, with a median time from breast cancer diagnosis to the diagnosis of tMN and subsequent allo-HCT of 3.7 and 4.6 years, respectively. At transplant, 191 patients were in remission for breast cancer, while 4 were not (57 missing). T-MN was in a complete remission at the time of transplant in 67% of patients. 2-year overall survival, relapse free-survival, relapse incidence and non-relapse mortality were 50%, 45%, 33%, and 22%, respectively. Multivariable analysis revealed that if the t-MN was not in CR pre-transplant, this was associated with lower OS, RFS, and a higher relapse incidence. Seventeen cases of breast cancer recurrence were recorded after a median of 2.4 years post-transplant, and relapse of primary breast cancer accounted for 7% of deaths. This study indicates that allo-HCT for t-MN following treatment for breast cancer shows encouraging transplant outcomes. The incidence of breast cancer relapse post-transplant remains a cause for concern.

2.
Blood Adv ; 2022 Apr 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35486475

RESUMO

We conducted a single-arm phase-II trial (AMLSG 16-10) to evaluate midostaurin with intensive chemotherapy followed by allogeneic hematopoietic-cell transplantation (HCT) and a one-year midostaurin maintenance therapy in adult patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and FLT3 internal tandem duplication (ITD). Patients 18-70 years of age with newly diagnosed FLT3-ITD-positive AML were eligible. Primary and key secondary endpoints were event-free (EFS) and overall survival (OS). Results were compared to a historical cohort of 415 patients treated on 5 prior AMLSG trials; statistical analysis was performed using a double-robust adjustment with propensity score weighting and covariate adjustment. Results were also compared to patients (18-59yrs) treated on the placebo arm of the CALGB 10603/RATIFY trial. The trial accrued 440 patients (18-60yrs, n=312; 61-70yrs, n=128). In multivariate analysis, EFS was significantly in favor of patients treated within the AMLSG 16-10 trial compared to the AMLSG control (HR 0.55; P<0.001); both in younger (HR 0.59; P<0.001) and older patients (HR 0.42; P<0.001). Multivariate analysis also showed a significant beneficial effect on OS compared to the AMLSG control (HR 0.57; P<0.001) as well as to the CALGB 10603/RATIFY trial (HR 0.71; p=0.005). The treatment effect of midostaurin remained significant in sensitivity analysis including allogeneic HCT as a time-dependent covariate. Addition of midostaurin to chemotherapy was safe in younger and older patients. In comparison to historical controls, the addition of midostaurin to intensive therapy led to a significant improvement in outcome in younger and older patients with AML and FLT3-ITD.

3.
Br J Haematol ; 2022 Apr 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35362549

RESUMO

Evolution of erythrocyte transfusion-dependent (RBC-TD) anaemia associated with haploinsufficiency of the ribosomal protein subunit S14 gene (RPS14) is a characteristic complication of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) with del(5q) [MDS.del(5q)]. Evaluating 39 patients with MDS.del(5q), <5% of anaemia progression was attributable to RPS14-dependent alterations of normoblasts, pro-erythroblasts, or CD34+ CD71+ precursors. Ninety-three percent of anaemia progression and 70% of the absolute decline in peripheral blood Hb value were attributable to disappearance of erythroblastic islands (Ery-Is). Ery-Is loss occurred independently of blast excess, TP53 mutation, additional chromosome aberrations and RPS14-dependent alterations of normoblasts and pro-erythroblasts. It was associated with RPS14-dependent intrinsic (S100A8+ ) and extrinsic [tumour necrosis factor α (TNF-α)-overproduction] alterations of (CD169+ ) marrow macrophages (p < 0.00005). In a mouse model of RPS14 haploinsufficiency, Ery-Is disappeared to a similar degree: approximately 70% of Ery-Is loss was related to RPS14-dependent S100A8 overexpression of marrow macrophages, less than 20% to that of CD71high Ter119- immature precursors, and less than 5% to S100A8/p53 overexpression of normoblasts or pro-erythroblasts. Marked Ery-Is loss predicted reduced efficacy (erythrocyte transfusion independence) of lenalidomide therapy (p = 0.0006). Thus, erythroid hypoplasia, a characteristic complication of MDS.del(5q), seems to result primarily from a macrophage-associated failure of the erythropoietic niche markedly reducing the productive capacity of erythropoiesis as the leading factor in anaemia progression and evolution of RBC-TD in MDS.del(5q).

4.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35352038

RESUMO

Recently a new three-group clinical classification was reported by an International Consortium to stratify CMML patients with regard to prognosis. The groups were defined as follows: (1) Myelodysplastic (MD)-CMML: WBC ≤ 10 × 109/l, circulating immature myeloid cells (IMC) = 0, no splenomegaly; (2) MD/MP (overlap)-CMML: WBC 10-20 × 109/l or WBC ≤ 10 × 109/l but IMC > 0 and/or splenomegaly; (3) Myeloproliferative (MP)-CMML: WBC > 20 × 109/l. By analysing EBMT Registry patients who underwent allo-HCT for CMML between 1997 and 2016, we aimed to determine the impact of this classification on transplantation outcome and to make a comparison with the conventional WHO classification (CMML-0/CMML-1/CMML-2). Patient grouping was based on the data registered at time of transplantation, with IMC replaced by peripheral blasts. Among 151 patients included in the analysis, 38% were classified as MD-CMML, 42% as MD/MP-CMML and 20% as MP-CMML. With a median survival of 17 months in the whole series, MD-CMML patients were distinguished as a low-risk group with higher CR rate at transplant and a longer post-transplant 2-year progression-free survival in comparison to others (44.5% vs 33.5%, respectively), whereas the WHO classification was superior in identifying high-risk patients (CMML-2) with inferior survival outcomes.

5.
Cancers (Basel) ; 14(4)2022 Feb 15.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35205731

RESUMO

Targeted therapies are currently considered the best cost-benefit anti-cancer treatment. In hematological malignancies, however, relapse rates and non-hematopoietic side effects including cardiotoxicity remain high. Here, we describe significant heart damage due to advanced acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) with t(9;22) encoding the bcr-abl oncogene (BCR-ABL+ ALL) in murine xenotransplantation models. Echocardiography reveals severe cardiac dysfunction with impaired left ventricular function and reduced heart and cardiomyocyte dimensions associated with increased apoptosis. This cardiac damage is fully reversible, but cardiac recovery depends on the therapy used to induce ALL remission. Chemotherapy-free combination therapy with dasatinib (DAS), venetoclax (VEN) (targeting the BCR-ABL oncoprotein and mitochondrial B-cell CLL/Lymphoma 2 (BCL2), respectively), and dexamethasone (DEX) can fully revert cardiac defects, whereas the depletion of otherwise identical ALL in a genetic model using herpes simplex virus type 1 thymidine kinase (HSV-TK) cannot. Mechanistically, dexamethasone induces a pro-apoptotic BCL2-interacting mediator of cell death (BIM) expression and apoptosis in ALL cells but enhances pro-survival B-cell lymphoma extra-large (BCLXL) expression in cardiomyocytes and clinical recovery with the reversion of cardiac atrophy. These data demonstrate that therapies designed to optimize apoptosis induction in ALL may circumvent cardiac on-target side effects and may even activate cardiac recovery. In the future, combining the careful clinical monitoring of cardiotoxicity in leukemic patients with the further characterization of organ-specific side effects and signaling pathways activated by malignancy and/or anti-tumor therapies seems reasonable.

6.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 57(5): 712-720, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35177828

RESUMO

Human cytomegalovirus (HCMV) reactivation remains a relevant complication after hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) despite the great progress made in prophylaxis and treatment. Adaptive Natural Killer (NK) cells undergo a persistent reconfiguration in response to HCMV reactivation however, the exact role of adaptive NK cells in HCMV surveillance is currently unknown. We studied the relationship between HCMV reactivation and adaptive NK cells in 70 patients monitored weekly until day +100 after HSCT. Absolute cell counts of adaptive NK cells increased significantly after resolution of HCMV-reactivation compared to patients without reactivation. Patients with HCMV-reactivation had an early reconstitution of adaptive NK cells ("Responders") and had mainly a single reactivation (75% Responders vs 48% Non-Responders). Adaptive NK cells eliminated HCMV-infected human foreskin fibroblasts (HFF) in vitro and recruited T cells in an in vitro transwell migration assay. An extensive cytokine/chemokine panel demonstrated strongly increased secretion of CXCL10/IP-10, IFN-α, IL-1α, IL-1ß, IL-5, IL-7 and CCL4. Thus, adaptive NK cells may control viral spread and T cell expansion and survival during HCMV-reactivation. Taken together, we have demonstrated the potential of adaptive NK cells in the control of HCMV reactivation both by direct cytotoxicity and by recruitment of other immune cells.

7.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 57(5): 768-774, 2022 May.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35220412

RESUMO

While in vivo T-cell depletion (TCD) is widely used, its benefit in patients with MDS still remains a matter of debate. This study evaluates the impact of TCD on outcomes, and compares ATG and alemtuzumab, in patients with MDS. 1284 patients from the EBMT registry were included in this study with 470 patients in the no-TCD group and 814 in the TCD group (alemtuzumab N = 168; ATG N = 646). At 6 months, aGVHD III-IV cumulative incidences (CI) for no-TCD, ATG or alemtuzumab groups were 13% vs 14% vs 11% (ns), respectively. At 5 years, CI of chronic GVHD were 64% vs 52% vs 51% (p < 0.00017); and CI of relapse was 23% vs 25% vs 39% (p < 0.0001) for no TCD, ATG and alemtuzumab respectively; OS was 47% vs 46% vs 34% (p = 0.009) respectively; and GRFS was 21% vs 28% and 20% (p = 0.045) respectively. In multivariable analysis, ATG improved GRFS, and alemtuzumab decreased OS. Both ATG and alemtuzumab decreased risk of chronic GVHD, but the increased risk of relapse with alemtuzumab is associated with a poor GRFS and suggest to not use alemtuzumab in the setting of allo-SCT for high risk disease.

8.
Neurol Res Pract ; 4(1): 1, 2022 Jan 10.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-35000613

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Treatment with CD19 chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells is an innovative therapeutic approach for patients with relapsed/refractory diffuse large B cell lymphoma (r/rDLBCL) and B-lineage acute lymphoblastic leukemia (r/rALL). However, convincing therapeutic response rates can be accompanied by cytokine release syndrome (CRS) and severe neurotoxicity termed immune effector cell-associated neurotoxicity syndrome (ICANS). METHODS: Single center, prospective observational study of fifteen consecutive r/r DLBCL patients treated with Tisagenlecleucel within 1 year at Hannover Medical School. Extensive neurological work-up prior to CAR T cell infusion included clinical examination, cognitive testing (Montreal-Cognitive-Assessment), brain MRI, electroencephalogram, electroneurography, and analysis of cerebrospinal fluid. After CAR T cell infusion, patients were neurologically examined for 10 consecutive days. Afterwards, all patients were assessed at least once a week. RESULTS: ICANS occurred in 4/15 patients (27%) within 6 days (4-6 days) after CAR T cell infusion. Patients with ICANS grade 2 (n = 3) exhibited similar neurological symptoms including apraxia, expressive aphasia, disorientation, and hallucinations, while brain MRI was inconspicuous in either case. Treatment with dexamethasone rapidly resolved the clinical symptoms in all three patients. Regarding baseline parameters prior to CAR T cell treatment, patients with and without ICANS did not differ. CONCLUSIONS: In our cohort, ICANS occurred in only every fourth patient and rather low grade neurotoxicity was found during daily examination. Our results demonstrate that a structured neurological baseline examination and close monitoring are helpful to detect CAR T cell related neurotoxicity already at an early stage and to potentially prevent higher grade neurotoxicity.

9.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 57(1): 23-30, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34599284

RESUMO

Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) remains a treatment option for patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) who fail to respond to tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs). While imatinib seems to have no adverse impact on outcomes after transplant, little is known on the effects of prior use of second-generation TKI (2GTKI). We present the results of a prospective non-interventional study performed by the EBMT on 383 consecutive CML patients previously treated with dasatinib or nilotinib undergoing allo-HCT from 2009 to 2013. The median age was 45 years (18-68). Disease status at transplant was CP1 in 139 patients (38%), AP or >CP1 in 163 (45%), and BC in 59 (16%). The choice of 2GTKI was: 40% dasatinib, 17% nilotinib, and 43% a sequential treatment of dasatinib and nilotinib with or without bosutinib/ponatinib. With a median follow-up of 37 months (1-77), 8% of patients developed either primary or secondary graft failure, 34% acute and 60% chronic GvHD. There were no differences in post-transplant complications between the three different 2GTKI subgroups. Non-relapse mortality was 18% and 24% at 12 months and at 5 years, respectively. Relapse incidence was 36%, overall survival 56% and relapse-free survival 40% at 5 years. No differences in post-transplant outcomes were found between the three different 2GTKI subgroups. This prospective study demonstrates the feasibility of allo-HCT in patients previously treated with 2GTKI with a post-transplant complications rate comparable to that of TKI-naive or imatinib-treated patients.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva , Dasatinibe/efeitos adversos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Humanos , Mesilato de Imatinib/efeitos adversos , Leucemia Mielogênica Crônica BCR-ABL Positiva/tratamento farmacológico , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Estudos Prospectivos , Inibidores de Proteínas Quinases/efeitos adversos
10.
Leukemia ; 36(3): 675-686, 2022 03.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34732858

RESUMO

With an incidence of ~50%, the absence or reduced protein level of p53 is much more common than TP53 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). AML with FLT3-ITD (internal tandem duplication) mutations has an unfavorable prognosis and is highly associated with wt-p53 dysfunction. While TP53 mutation in the presence of FLT3-ITD does not induce AML in mice, it is not clear whether p53 haploinsufficiency or loss cooperates with FLT3-ITD in the induction of AML. Here, we generated FLT3-ITD knock-in; p53 knockout (heterozygous and homozygous) double-transgenic mice and found that both alterations strongly cooperated in the induction of cytogenetically normal AML without increasing the self-renewal potential. At the molecular level, we found the strong upregulation of Htra3 and the downregulation of Lin28a, leading to enhanced proliferation and the inhibition of apoptosis and differentiation. The co-occurrence of Htra3 overexpression and Lin28a knockdown, in the presence of FLT3-ITD, induced AML with similar morphology as leukemic cells from double-transgenic mice. These leukemic cells were highly sensitive to the proteasome inhibitor carfilzomib. Carfilzomib strongly enhanced the activity of targeting AXL (upstream of FLT3) against murine and human leukemic cells. Our results unravel a unique role of p53 haploinsufficiency or loss in the development of FLT3-ITD + AML.


Assuntos
Regulação Leucêmica da Expressão Gênica , Haploinsuficiência , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética , Animais , Duplicação Gênica , Técnicas de Introdução de Genes , Camundongos , Camundongos Endogâmicos C57BL , Mutação
11.
Leukemia ; 36(1): 90-99, 2022 01.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34316017

RESUMO

In acute myeloid leukemia (AML) internal tandem duplications of the FLT3 gene (FLT3-ITD) are associated with poor prognosis. Retrospectively, we investigated the prognostic and predictive impact of FLT3-ITD insertion site (IS) in 452 patients randomized within the RATIFY trial, which evaluated midostaurin additionally to intensive chemotherapy. Next-generation sequencing identified 908 ITDs, with 643 IS in the juxtamembrane domain (JMD) and 265 IS in the tyrosine kinase domain-1 (TKD1). According to IS, patients were categorized as JMDsole (n = 251, 55%), JMD and TKD1 (JMD/TKD1; n = 117, 26%), and TKD1sole (n = 84, 19%). While clinical variables did not differ among the 3 groups, NPM1 mutation was correlated with JMDsole (P = 0.028). Overall survival (OS) differed significantly, with estimated 4-year OS probabilities of 0.44, 0.50, and 0.30 for JMDsole, JMD/TKD1, and TKD1sole, respectively (P = 0.032). Multivariate (cause-specific) Cox models for OS and cumulative incidence of relapse using allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) in first complete remission as a time-dependent variable identified TKD1sole as unfavorable and HCT as favorable factors. In addition, Midostaurin exerted a significant benefit only for JMDsole. Our results confirm the distinct molecular heterogeneity of FLT3-ITD and the negative prognostic impact of TKD1 IS in AML that was not overcome by midostaurin.


Assuntos
Protocolos de Quimioterapia Combinada Antineoplásica/uso terapêutico , Biomarcadores Tumorais/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Mutagênese Insercional , Sequências de Repetição em Tandem , Tirosina Quinase 3 Semelhante a fms/genética , Terapia Combinada , Feminino , Seguimentos , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Prognóstico , Estudos Retrospectivos , Taxa de Sobrevida , Transplante Homólogo
13.
14.
Br J Haematol ; 195(3): 417-428, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34514596

RESUMO

Allogeneic haematopoietic-cell transplantation (allo-HCT) is a potentially curative therapy for high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). Reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) is usually associated with lower non-relapse mortality (NRM), higher relapse rate and similar overall-survival (OS) as myeloablative-conditioning (MAC). Fludarabine/treosulfan (FT) is a reduced-toxicity regimen with intense anti-leukaemia activity and a favourable toxicity profile. We investigated post-transplant outcomes in 1722 MDS patients following allo-HCT with FT (n = 367), RIC (n = 687) or MAC (n = 668). FT and RIC recipients were older than MAC recipients, median age 59, 59 and 51 years, respectively (P < 0·001) but other disease characteristics were similar. The median follow-up was 64 months (1-171). Five-year relapse rates were 25% (21-30), 38% (34-42) and 25% (22-29), after FT, RIC and MAC, respectively, (P < 0·001). NRM was 30% (25-35), 27% (23-30) and 34% (31-38, P = 0·008), respectively. Five-year OS was 50% (44-55), 43% (38-47), and 43% (39-47), respectively (P = 0·03). In multivariate analysis, FT was associated with a lower risk of relapse (HR 0·55, P < 0·001) and better OS (HR 0·72, P = 0·01). MAC was associated with higher NRM (HR 1·44, P = 0·001). In conclusion, FT is associated with similar low relapse rates as MAC and similar low NRM as RIC, resulting in improved OS. FT may be the preferred regimen for allo-HCT in MDS.


Assuntos
Bussulfano/análogos & derivados , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/métodos , Agonistas Mieloablativos/uso terapêutico , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/terapia , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/métodos , Adolescente , Adulto , Idoso , Aloenxertos , Bussulfano/efeitos adversos , Bussulfano/uso terapêutico , Ciclofosfamida/efeitos adversos , Ciclofosfamida/uso terapêutico , Progressão da Doença , Feminino , Seguimentos , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/epidemiologia , Humanos , Estimativa de Kaplan-Meier , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/epidemiologia , Doadores Vivos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Agonistas Mieloablativos/efeitos adversos , Síndromes Mielodisplásicas/mortalidade , Recidiva , Sistema de Registros , Resultado do Tratamento , Vidarabina/análogos & derivados , Vidarabina/uso terapêutico , Adulto Jovem
15.
Blood Adv ; 5(21): 4485-4499, 2021 11 09.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34535011

RESUMO

Donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) is a standard of care for relapse of acute myeloid leukemia after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Currently it is poorly understood how and when CD8+ αß T cells exert graft-versus-leukemia (GVL) activity after DLI. Also, there is no reliable biomarker to monitor GVL activity of the infused CD8+ T cells. Therefore, we analyzed the dynamics of CD8+ αß T-cell clones in patients with DLI. In this prospective clinical study of 29 patients, we performed deep T-cell receptor ß (TRB ) sequencing of sorted CD8+ αß T cells to track patients' repertoire changes in response to DLI. Upon first occurrence of GVL, longitudinal analyses revealed a preferential expansion of distinct CD8+TRB clones (n = 14). This did not occur in samples of patients without signs of GVL (n = 11). Importantly, early repertoire changes 15 days after DLI predicted durable remission for the 36-month study follow-up. Furthermore, absence of clonal outgrowth of the CD8+TRB repertoire after DLI was an early biomarker that predicted relapse at a median time of 11.2 months ahead of actual diagnosis. Additionally, unbiased sample analysis regardless of the clinical outcome revealed that patients with decreasing CD8+TRB diversity at day 15 after DLI (n = 13) had a lower relapse incidence (P = .0040) compared with patients without clonal expansion (n = 6). In conclusion, CD8+TRB analysis may provide a reliable tool for predicting the efficacy of DLI and holds the potential to identify patients at risk for progression and relapse after DLI.


Assuntos
Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Transfusão de Linfócitos , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos , Humanos , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/terapia , Estudos Prospectivos
16.
Sci Rep ; 11(1): 16457, 2021 08 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34385568

RESUMO

To date, only few data concerning the biologically active, free form of testosterone (FT) are available in metastatic prostate cancer (mPC) and the impact of FT on disease, therapy and outcome is largely unknown. We retrospectively studied the effect of docetaxel on FT and total testosterone (TT) serum levels in 67 mPC patients monitored between April 2008 and November 2020. FT and TT levels were measured before and weekly during therapy. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). Secondary endpoints were prostate-specific antigen response and radiographic response (PSAR, RR), progression-free survival (PFS), FT/TT levels and safety. Median FT and TT serum levels were completely suppressed to below the detection limit during docetaxel treatment (FT: from 0.32 to < 0.18 pg/mL and TT: from 0.12 to < 0.05 ng/mL, respectively). Multivariate Cox regression analyses identified requirement of non-narcotics, PSAR, complete FT suppression and FT nadir values < 0.18 pg/mL as independent parameters for PFS. Prior androgen-receptor targeted therapy (ART), soft tissue metastasis and complete FT suppression were independent prognostic factors for OS. FT was not predictive for treatment outcome in mPC patients with a history of ART.


Assuntos
Antineoplásicos/uso terapêutico , Docetaxel/uso terapêutico , Metástase Neoplásica , Neoplasias da Próstata/tratamento farmacológico , Testosterona/sangue , Idoso , Humanos , Limite de Detecção , Masculino , Prognóstico , Antígeno Prostático Específico/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/sangue , Neoplasias da Próstata/patologia
17.
Front Immunol ; 12: 721738, 2021.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34456929

RESUMO

Here, we described the case of a B cell-deficient patient after CD19 CAR-T cell therapy for refractory B cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma with protracted coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). For weeks, this patient only inefficiently contained the virus while convalescent plasma transfusion correlated with virus clearance. Interestingly, following convalescent plasma therapy natural killer cells matured and virus-specific T cells expanded, presumably allowing virus clearance and recovery from the disease. Our findings, thus, suggest that convalescent plasma therapy can activate cellular immune responses to clear SARS-CoV-2 infections. If confirmed in larger clinical studies, these data could be of general importance for the treatment of COVID-19 patients.


Assuntos
Linfócitos B , COVID-19/imunologia , COVID-19/terapia , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/imunologia , Imunoterapia Adotiva , Células Matadoras Naturais/imunologia , Linfócitos T/imunologia , Linfócitos B/imunologia , COVID-19/complicações , Feminino , Humanos , Imunização Passiva , Imunoglobulinas Intravenosas , Síndromes de Imunodeficiência/complicações , Ativação Linfocitária , Linfopoese , SARS-CoV-2 , Carga Viral
18.
Int J Clin Oncol ; 26(11): 2151-2160, 2021 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34318390

RESUMO

INTRODUCTION: Advanced or metastatic soft tissue sarcoma (a/mSTS) is associated with a dismal prognosis. Patient counseling on treatment aggressiveness is pivotal to avoid over- or undertreatment. Recently, evaluation of body composition markers like the skeletal muscle index (SMI) became focus of interest in a variety of cancers. This study focuses on the prognostic impact of SMI in a/mSTS, retrospectively. METHODS: 181 a/mSTS patients were identified, 89 were eligible due to prespecified criteria for SMI assessment. Baseline CT-Scans were analyzed using an institutional software solution. Sarcopenia defining cut-off values for the SMI were established by optimal fitting method. Primary end point was overall survival (OS) and secondary endpoints were progression free survival (PFS), disease control rate (DCR), overall response rate (ORR). Descriptive statistics as well as Kaplan Meier- and Cox regression analyses were administered. RESULTS: 28/89 a/mSTS patients showed sarcopenia. Sarcopenic patients were significantly older, generally tended to receive less multimodal therapies (62 vs. 57 years, P = 0.025; respectively median 2.5 vs. 4, P = 0.132) and showed a significantly lower median OS (4 months [95%CI 1.9-6.0] vs. 16 months [95%CI 8.8-23.2], Log-rank P = 0.002). Sarcopenia was identified as independent prognostic parameter of impaired OS (HR 2.40 [95%-CI 1.4-4.0], P < 0.001). Moreover, DCR of first palliative medical treatment was superior in non-sarcopenic patients (49.2% vs. 25%, P = 0.032). CONCLUSION: This study identifies sarcopenia as a prognostic parameter in a/mSTS. Further on, the data suggest that sarcopenia shows a trend of being associated with first line therapy response. SMI is a promising prognostic parameter, which needs further validation.


Assuntos
Segunda Neoplasia Primária , Sarcoma , Sarcopenia , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles , Humanos , Estudos Retrospectivos , Sarcoma/complicações , Sarcoma/tratamento farmacológico , Neoplasias de Tecidos Moles/complicações
20.
Bone Marrow Transplant ; 56(11): 2742-2748, 2021 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-34247199

RESUMO

Since cord blood transplantation (CBT) has been associated with high graft-versus-leukemia effects and a low incidence of chronic graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), we hypothesized that long-term outcomes might be better in CBT patients than in those given grafts from unrelated donors (UD). Therefore, we performed a landmark study comparing long-term outcomes in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) patients alive and disease-free 2 years after transplantation who received grafts from either CBT or UD. A total of 364 CBT recipients, 2648 UD 10/10 patients and 681 patients given grafts from UD 9/10 were included. Median follow-up was 6.0 years. Five-year leukemia-free survival (LFS) from transplantation was 86% in CBT patients, 84% in UD 10/10 patients (P = 0.36) and 84% in UD 9/10 patients (P = 0.86). On multivariate analysis, donor type had no impact on LFS. Similarly, no impact of donor type was observed on relapse incidence or non-relapse mortality. Factors associated with poorer LFS on multivariate analysis included higher age at transplantation (P < 0.001), male gender (P < 0.001), second complete remission (CR2) versus CR1 (P = 0.05), secondary AML (P = 0.01), antecedent of chronic GVHD (P < 0.001) and poor-risk cytogenetics (P = 0.01). In conclusion, our study shows that long-term outcome for AML patients in CR two years after transplantation is not impacted by donor type.


Assuntos
Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda , Feminino , Sangue Fetal , Doença Enxerto-Hospedeiro/etiologia , Transplante de Células-Tronco Hematopoéticas/efeitos adversos , Humanos , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/complicações , Masculino , Estudos Retrospectivos , Condicionamento Pré-Transplante/efeitos adversos , Doadores não Relacionados
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