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1.
Ann Nucl Med ; 2020 Nov 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33174144

RESUMO

OBJECTIVE: The interplay between systemic inflammation, activity of lymphoid organs and lymphoma activity in CD19-targeting chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T-cell immunotherapy, and its significance for response and toxicity, is not well defined. METHODS: Using serial 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT), metabolic parameters of lymphoma and lymphoid organs were analyzed in ten patients receiving Tisagenlecleucel (an autologous CD19 CAR-T cell product) for relapsed or refractory diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The prevalence and severity of toxicity (e.g., neurotoxicity) were noted. RESULTS: Achieving remission required early metabolic response (P = 0.0476). Early suppression of metabolic activity of lymphoid organs (spleen, P = 0.0368; lymph nodes, P = 0.0470) was associated with poor outcome. Lymphoma metabolic activity was significantly higher in patients with neurotoxicity (P = 0.0489). CONCLUSIONS: Early metabolic changes in lymphoma lesions and off-target lymphoid organs parallel medium-term response to CAR-T-cell therapy. PET can identify patients at risk for severe toxicity.

2.
Blood Adv ; 4(19): 4945-4954, 2020 Oct 13.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33049054

RESUMO

The results from the RATIFY trial (ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT00651261; CALGB 10603) showed that midostaurin combined with standard chemotherapy significantly improved outcomes in patients with FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3)-mutated acute myeloid leukemia (AML), compared with placebo. In this post hoc subgroup analysis from the trial, we evaluated the impact of midostaurin in 163 patients with FLT3-tyrosine kinase domain (TKD) mutations. At a median follow-up of 60.7 months (95% CI, 55.0-70.8), the 5-year event-free survival (EFS) rate was significantly higher in patients treated with midostaurin than in those treated with placebo (45.2% vs 30.1%; P = .044). A trend toward improved disease-free survival was also observed with midostaurin (67.3% vs 53.4%; P = .089), whereas overall survival (OS) was similar in the 2 groups. Patients with AML and NPM1mut/FLT3-TKDmut or core binding factor (CBF)-rearranged/FLT3-TKDmut genotypes had significantly prolonged OS with or without censoring at hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), compared with NPM1WT/CBF-negative AMLs. The multivariable model for OS and EFS adjusted for allogeneic HCT in first complete remission as a time-dependent covariable, revealed NPM1 mutations and CBF rearrangements as significant favorable factors. These data show that NPM1 mutations or CBF rearrangements identify favorable prognostic groups in patients with FLT3-TKD AMLs, independent of other factors, also in the context of midostaurin treatment.

3.
Leuk Lymphoma ; : 1-11, 2020 Oct 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33040622

RESUMO

The Acute Leukemia Working Party (ALWP) of the EBMT assessed the outcome of allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) in patients with relapsed/refractory AML (r/rAML) evaluating six sequential conditioning regimens (SR) groups. A total of 2132 patients were included. LFS at 2 years was 28.9%, 33.6%, 35.3%, 20.6%, 24.4%, and 27% for the FLAMSA-TBI4, FLAMSA-Chemo, Mel-Flu-TBI8, Mel-Treo-Flu, Thio-ETO-Cy-Bu2-Flu, and Clo-ARAC-(Bu2/TBI4)-Cy groups, respectively. In patients <55 years of age Mel-Flu-TBI8 had the best LFS, which was statistically significant only in comparison to the Mel-Treo-Flu group, while in patients ≥55 years LFS was best with FLAMSA-Chemo without significant differences compared to FLAMSA-TBI4 and Mel-Flu-TBI8. Furthermore, best NRM rates were obtained with the two FLAMSA regimens groups. Our study suggests that in younger (<55 years) patients a more intense regimen might be used whereas in older (≥55 years) patients the focus might be more on tolerability.

4.
Leukemia ; 2020 Oct 20.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-33082512

RESUMO

Acute graft-versus-host disease (aGvHD) contributes to about 50% of transplant-related mortality (non-relapse mortality) after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). Here the predictive value of a urinary proteomic profile (aGvHD_MS17) was tested together with preemptive prednisolone therapy. Two-hundred and fifty-nine of 267 patients were eligible for analysis. Ninety-two patients were randomized upon aGvHD_MS17 classification factor above 0.1 to receive either prednisolone (2-2.5 mg/kg, N = 44) or placebo (N = 47; N = 1 randomization failure) for 5 days followed by tapering. The remaining 167 patients formed the observation group. The primary endpoint of the randomized trial was incidence of aGvHD grade II between randomization and day +100 post HSCT. Analysis of the short-term preemptive prednisolone therapy in the randomized patients showed no significant difference in incidence or severity of acute GvHD (HR: 1.69, 95% CI: 0.66-4.32, P = 0.27). Prednisolone as preemptive treatment did not lead to an increase in relapse (20.2% in the placebo and 14.0% in the prednisolone group (P = 0.46)). The frequency of adverse events was slightly higher in the placebo group (64.4% versus 50%, respectively). Taken together, the results of the Pre-GvHD trial demonstrated the feasibility and safety of preemptive prednisolone treatment in the randomized patients.

5.
Cancer Med ; 9(22): 8386-8396, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32926763

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Surgical resection is considered to be of purely diagnostic value in aggressive lymphoma. Evidence for an impact on outcome is scant and restricted to retrospective observations. METHODS: In the "Positron Emission Tomography-guided Therapy of Aggressive non-Hodgkin Lymphomas" (PETAL) trial, patients with a negative baseline positron emission tomography (PET) scan were documented in a prospective observational substudy. Baseline PET-negative patients with the absence of lymph node enlargement on computed tomography and a negative bone marrow biopsy were considered to have undergone complete lymphoma resection. RESULTS: Eighty-two of 1,041 patients (7.9%) had a negative baseline PET scan, and 67 were included in this analysis. All were treated with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP), plus rituximab for CD20-positive lymphomas. Among 52 patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), 48 had completely resected disease. Their outcome tended to be better than that of 115 baseline PET-positive stage I DLBCL patients treated in the main part of the PETAL trial (2-year progression-free survival 92.7% [95% confidence interval 84.7-100] versus 88.4% [82.5-94.3], P = .056; 2-year overall survival 92.7% [84.7-100] versus 93.7% [89.2-98.2], P = .176), but this was restricted to patients below the age of 60 years (2-year progression-free survival 100% versus 92.2% [84.8-99.6], P = .031; 2-year overall survival 100% versus 95.9% [90.2-100], P = .075). In peripheral T-cell lymphoma, eight of 11 patients had completely resected disease. In contrast to DLBCL, complete resection was not associated with improved outcome compared to the control. CONCLUSION: Young patients with early stage DLBCL may benefit from complete lymphoma resection prior to immunochemotherapy.

6.
Am J Hematol ; 2020 Sep 17.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32944990

RESUMO

Karyotypic analysis at time of diagnosis has an important value in determining initial response to treatment, remission duration and overall survival (OS) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). Less is known about its value before allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (allo-HCT) in patients transplanted with active disease, either relapsed or primary refractory (Rel-Ref) AML. We explored the impact of cytogenetic risk (stratification according to MRC-UK) in 2089 patients with either Ref (n = 972) or Rel AML (n = 1117) transplanted during the period 2000-2017. Overall, 154 patients had a favorable risk, 1283 had an intermediate risk and 652 had an adverse cytogenetic risk. Median follow-up was 49 months. Compared to the favorable risk group, intermediate and adverse risk patients were associated with worse leukemia-free survival and OS and also with a higher incidence of relapse. In a subgroup analysis of patients in the intermediate risk group harboring Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3-internal tandem duplication (FLT3-ITD), this remained an important prognostic factor, being associated with worse outcomes. When analyzing patients according to the intensity of the conditioning regimen, no differences were observed for the main transplant outcomes. In conclusion, in patients diagnosed with AML and transplanted with active disease, karyotype remains an important prognostic factor, allowing splitting patients into different risk groups according to their cytogenetics. Similarly, FLT3-ITD mutation also remains a negative prognostic factor in this population.

7.
Leukemia ; 2020 Sep 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32948843

RESUMO

Clonal hematopoiesis of indeterminate potential (CHIP) is linked to leukemia gene mutations and associates with an increased risk for coronary artery disease and poor prognosis in ischemic cardiomyopathy. Two recurrently mutated genes in CHIP and adult acute myeloid leukemia (AML) encode for isocitrate dehydrogenases 1 and 2 (IDH1 and IDH2). Global expression of mutant IDH2 in transgenic mice-induced dilated cardiomyopathy and muscular dystrophy. In this retrospective observational study, we investigated whether mutant IDH1/2 predisposes to cardiovascular disease in AML patients. Among 363 AML patients, IDH1 and IDH2 mutations were detected in 26 (7.2%) and 39 patients (10.7%), respectively. Mutant IDH1 patients exhibited a significantly higher prevalence of coronary artery disease (26.1% vs. 6.4%, p = 0.002). Applying inverse probability-weighting analysis, patients with IDH1/2 mutations had a higher risk for a declining cardiac function during AML treatment compared to IDH1/2 wild type patients [left ventricular ejection fraction pretreatment compared to 10 months after diagnosis: 59.2% to 41.9% (p < 0.001) vs 58.5% to 55.4% (p = 0.27), respectively]. Mechanistically, RNA sequencing and immunostaining in hiPS-derived cardiomyocytes indicated that the oncometabolite R-2HG exacerbated doxorubicin mediated cardiotoxicity. Evaluation of IDH1/2 mutation status may therefore help identifying AML patients at risk for cardiovascular complications during cytotoxic treatment.

8.
Ann Hematol ; 99(10): 2441-2443, 2020 Oct.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32808104
9.
Blood ; 2020 Aug 18.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32812041

RESUMO

Monitoring of measurable residual disease (MRD) provides prognostic information in patients with Nucleophosmin1 mutated (NPM1mut) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) and represents a powerful tool to evaluate treatment effects within clinical trials. We determined NPM1mut transcript levels (TL) by RQ-PCR and evaluated the prognostic impact of NPM1mut MRD and the effect of gemtuzumab ozogamicin (GO) on NPM1mut TL and the cumulative incidence of relapse (CIR) in patients with NPM1mut AML enrolled in the randomized phase III AMLSG 09-09 trial. 3733 bone marrow (BM) and 3793 peripheral blood (PB) samples from 469 patients were analyzed. NPM1mut TL log10 reduction ≥3 and achievement of MRD negativity in BM and PB were significantly associated with a lower CIR rate, after two treatment cycles and at end of treatment (EOT). In multivariate analyses, MRD positivity consistently revealed as poor prognostic factor in BM and PB. With regard to treatment effect, the median NPM1mut TL were significantly lower in the GO-Arm across all treatment cycles, resulting in a significantly higher proportion of patients achieving MRD negativity at EOT (56% vs 41%; P=.01). The betterreduction of NPM1mut TL after two treatment cycles in MRD-positive patients by the addition of GO led to a significantly lower CIR rate (4-year CIR 29.3% vs 45.7%, P=.009). In conclusion, the addition of GO to intensive chemotherapy in NPM1mut AML resulted in a significantly better reduction of NPM1mut TL across all treatment cycles leading to a significantly lower relapse rate. The AMLSG 09-09 trial was registered at www.clinicaltrials.gov as #NCT00893399.

11.
J Infect Dis ; 2020 Aug 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32860509

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Little is known about characteristics of seasonal human coronavirus (HCoV) (NL63, 229E, OC43 and HKU1) after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-HCT). PATIENTS AND METHODS: this is a collaborative Spanish and European bone marrow transplantation groups retrospective multicentre study, which included allo-HCT recipients (adults and children) with upper and/or lower respiratory tract disease (U/LRTD) caused by seasonal HCoV diagnosed through multiplex PCR assays from January 2012 to January 2019. RESULTS: We included 402 allo-HCT recipients who developed 449 HCoV U/LRTD episodes. Median age of recipients was 46 years (range 0.3-73.8 years). HCoV episodes were diagnosed at a median of 222 days after transplantation. The most common HCoV subtype was OC43 (n=170, 38%). LRTD involvement occurred in 121 episodes (27%). HCoV infection frequently required hospitalization (18%), oxygen administration (13%) and intensive care unit (ICU) admission (3%). Three-month overall mortality after HCoV detection was 7% in the whole cohort and 16% in those with LRTD. We identified 3 conditions associated with higher mortality in recipients with LRTD: absolute lymphocyte count <0.1 x10 9/mL [hazard ratio (HR), 10.8], corticosteroid (HR 4.68) and ICU admission (HR 8.22) (p<0.01). CONCLUSIONS: Seasonal HCoV after allo-HCT may involve the LRTD in many instances, leading to a significant morbidity.

12.
Curr Treat Options Oncol ; 21(8): 66, 2020 Jun 29.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32601974

RESUMO

OPINION STATEMENT: Relapse is still a common scenario in acute myeloid leukemia (AML) treatment and occurs in 40-50% of younger and the great majority of elderly patients. The prognosis in relapsed AML patients is generally poor but depends largely on the timing of relapse (early versus late) and the possibility of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). At the time of relapse, we again perform a mutational screening and cytogenetic analysis in all AML patients as clonal evolution of disease is frequent. Clinical trials should be first priority in all relapsed patients. In fit patients without prior transplant, we aim to perform HSCT after salvage therapy. In AML patients relapsing after HSCT and good performance status, intensive therapy can be considered with subsequent cellular therapy such as donor lymphocyte infusion (DLI) or a second HSCT. However, less than 20% of these patients are alive after 5 years. For those patients that are unfit, the therapeutic aim is to prolong life with acceptable quality of life. Here, hypomethylating agents (HMA), low-dose AraC (LDAC), and solely cytoreductive therapy with hydroxurea are options depending on first-line therapy. For those patients that have not been treated with venetoclax in first line, the combination therapy of venetoclax with demethylating agents achieves encouraging response rates. Venetoclax is currently also studied in combination with intensive salvage therapy. Importantly, for patients with isocitrate dehydrogenase (IDH) 1/2-mutated AML, ivosidenib, an IDH1 inhibitor, and enasidenib, an IDH2 inhibitor, present well-tolerated options in the setting of refractory or relapsed (r/r) disease even in elderly and heavily pre-treated patients with response rates of 30-40%. Both substances have been approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for r/r AML patients with IDH1/2 mutations (but not yet by the European Medicines Agency (EMA)). For patients with FMS-like tyrosine kinase 3 (FLT3) mutations, treatment with the selective FLT3 inhibitor gilteritinib is well tolerated and leads to improved outcome compared with standard salvage therapy. The approval has been granted by the FDA and the EMA. Generally, we would recommend targeted therapy for IDH1/2- and FLT3-mutated AML if available. In order to improve outcome in relapsed AML, it will be important to intelligently combine novel substances with each other as well as chemotherapy in prospective clinical trials. The development of therapies with bispecific antibodies or chimeric antigen receptor T cells (CAR-T) are still in early development.

13.
EBioMedicine ; 57: 102885, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32650275

RESUMO

BACKGROUND: Elucidating the role of T cell responses in COVID-19 is of utmost importance to understand the clearance of SARS-CoV-2 infection. METHODS: 30 hospitalized COVID-19 patients and 60 age- and gender-matched healthy controls (HC) participated in this study. We used two comprehensive 11-colour flow cytometric panels conforming to Good Laboratory Practice and approved for clinical diagnostics. FINDINGS: Absolute numbers of lymphocyte subsets were differentially decreased in COVID-19 patients according to clinical severity. In severe disease (SD) patients, all lymphocyte subsets were reduced, whilst in mild disease (MD) NK, NKT and γδ T cells were at the level of HC. Additionally, we provide evidence of T cell activation in MD but not SD, when compared to HC. Follow up samples revealed a marked increase in effector T cells and memory subsets in convalescing but not in non-convalescing patients. INTERPRETATION: Our data suggest that activation and expansion of innate and adaptive lymphocytes play a major role in COVID-19. Additionally, recovery is associated with formation of T cell memory as suggested by the missing formation of effector and central memory T cells in SD but not in MD. Understanding T cell-responses in the context of clinical severity might serve as foundation to overcome the lack of effective anti-viral immune response in severely affected COVID-19 patients and can offer prognostic value as biomarker for disease outcome and control. FUNDING: Funded by State of Lower Saxony grant 14-76,103-184CORONA-11/20 and German Research Foundation, Excellence Strategy - EXC2155"RESIST"-Project ID39087428, and DFG-SFB900/3-Project ID158989968, grants SFB900-B3, SFB900-B8.


Assuntos
Betacoronavirus/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/imunologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/imunologia , Infecções por Coronavirus/imunologia , Ativação Linfocitária/imunologia , Pneumonia Viral/imunologia , Adulto , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Biomarcadores , Linfócitos T CD4-Positivos/citologia , Linfócitos T CD8-Positivos/citologia , Feminino , Humanos , Memória Imunológica/imunologia , Contagem de Linfócitos , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Pandemias , Prognóstico , Índice de Gravidade de Doença , Adulto Jovem
14.
Biol Blood Marrow Transplant ; 26(11): 2165-2173, 2020 Nov.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32717436

RESUMO

The use of myeloablative conditioning (MAC) in the setting of active relapsed/refractory (R/R) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) has been hindered by high historical rates of nonrelapse mortality (NRM). FLAMSA (fludarabine, Ara-C, and amsacrine) chemotherapy (CT) followed by reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) has been proposed as an effective and potentially safer alternative in this scenario. As improvements in supportive care have contributed to decreasing NRM rates after MAC, a comparative reassessment of these two strategies was performed. This was a registry-based analysis by the Acute Leukemia Working Party of the European Society for Blood and Marrow Transplantation. Eligibility criteria included age 18 to 50 years, primary refractory, first or second relapsed active AML, first allogeneic stem cell transplantation from a matched sibling donor (MSD) or an unrelated donor (UD) performed between 2005 and 2018, MAC or FLAMSA-RIC. A total of 1018 patients were included. The median patient age was 39 years (range, 18 to 50). Two hundred and fifty-eight patients received busulfan (Bu)/cyclophosphamide (Cy), 314 received Cy/total body irradiation (TBI), 318 received FLAMSA-TBI, and 128 received FLAMSA-CT. The median duration of follow-up was 50 months. In univariate analysis, the 2-year relapse incidence (RI) (54%; 95% confidence interval (CI), 50%-57%), leukemia-free survival (LFS) (30%; 95% CI, 27%-33%), and refined graft-versus-host disease-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) (21%; 95% CI, 18%-24%) were not significantly different between cohorts. Lower 2-year NRM was observed in the FLAMSA-CT group (7% versus 16% in Bu/Cy, 19% in Cy/TBI, and 18% in FLAMSA-TBI; P = .04), as well as increased 2-year overall survival (OS) (50% versus 33% in Bu/Cy, 34% in Cy/TBI, and 36% in FLAMSA-TBI; P = .03). These results were maintained in the multivariate analysis (hazard ratio [HR] for NRM: .40, P = .01; HR for OS: .65, P = .01; Bu/Cy as reference). These data suggest that FLAMSA-CT may be a preferred conditioning regimen in patients with active R/R AML due to lower NRM. Yet, the high relapse rates observed in our analyses emphasize the need for novel therapeutic strategies in this clinical setting.

15.
Leukemia ; 34(11): 2951-2963, 2020 11.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32576961

RESUMO

To establish novel and effective treatment combinations for chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) preclinically, we hypothesized that supplementation of CMML cells with the human oncogene Meningioma 1 (MN1) promotes expansion and serial transplantability in mice, while maintaining the functional dependencies of these cells on their original genetic profile. Using lentiviral expression of MN1 for oncogenic supplementation and transplanting transduced primary mononuclear CMML cells into immunocompromised mice, we established three serially transplantable CMML-PDX models with disease-related gene mutations that recapitulate the disease in vivo. Ectopic MN1 expression was confirmed to enhance the proliferation of CMML cells, which otherwise did not engraft upon secondary transplantation. Furthermore, MN1-supplemented CMML cells were serially transplantable into recipient mice up to 5 generations. This robust engraftment enabled an in vivo RNA interference screening targeting CMML-related mutated genes including NRAS, confirming that their functional relevance is preserved in the presence of MN1. The novel combination treatment with azacitidine and the MEK-inhibitor trametinib additively inhibited ERK-phosphorylation and thus depleted the signal from mutated NRAS. The combination treatment significantly prolonged survival of CMML mice compared to single-agent treatment. Thus, we identified the combination of azacitidine and trametinib as an effective treatment in NRAS-mutated CMML and propose its clinical development.

16.
Sci Rep ; 10(1): 10315, 2020 06 25.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32587277

RESUMO

Non-T cell activation linker (NTAL) is a lipid raft-membrane protein expressed by normal and leukemic cells and involved in cell signaling. In acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL), NTAL depletion from lipid rafts decreases cell viability through regulation of the Akt/PI3K pathway. The role of NTAL in APL cell processes, and its association with clinical outcome, has not, however, been established. Here, we show that reduced levels of NTAL were associated with increased all-trans retinoic acid (ATRA)-induced differentiation, generation of reactive oxygen species, and mitochondrial dysfunction. Additionally, NTAL-knockdown (NTAL-KD) in APL cell lines led to activation of Ras, inhibition of Akt/mTOR pathways, and increased expression of autophagy markers, leading to an increased apoptosis rate following arsenic trioxide treatment. Furthermore, NTAL-KD in NB4 cells decreased the tumor burden in (NOD scid gamma) NSG mice, suggesting its implication in tumor growth. A retrospective analysis of NTAL expression in a cohort of patients treated with ATRA and anthracyclines, revealed that NTAL overexpression was associated with a high leukocyte count (P = 0.007) and was independently associated with shorter overall survival (Hazard Ratio: 3.6; 95% Confidence Interval: 1.17-11.28; P = 0.026). Taken together, our data highlights the importance of NTAL in APL cell survival and response to treatment.

17.
Ann Hematol ; 99(7): 1551-1560, 2020 Jul.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32504186

RESUMO

TP53 aberrations reportedly predict favorable responses to decitabine (DAC) in acute myeloid leukemia (AML). We evaluated clinical features and outcomes associated with chromosome 17p loss or TP53 gene mutations in older, unfit DAC-treated AML patients in a phase II trial. Of 178 patients, 25 had loss of 17p in metaphase cytogenetics; 24 of these had a complex (CK+) and 21 a monosomal karyotype (MK+). In analyses in all patients and restricted to CK+ and MK+ patients, 17p loss tended to associate with higher rates of complete remission (CR), partial remission (PR), or antileukemic effect (ALE). Despite favorable response rates, there was no significant OS difference between patients with or without loss of 17p in the entire cohort or in the CK+ and MK+ cohort. TP53 mutations were identified in eight of 45 patients with material available. Five of the eight TP53-mutated patients had 17p loss. TP53-mutated patients had similar rates of CR/PR/ALE but shorter OS than those with TP53 wild type (P = 0.036). Moreover, patients with a subclone based on mutation data had shorter OS than those without (P = 0.05); only one patient with TP53-mutated AML had a subclone. In conclusion, 17p loss conferred a favorable impact on response rates, even among CK+ and MK+ patients that however could not be maintained. The effect of TP53 mutations appeared to be different; however, patient numbers were low. Future research needs to further dissect the impact of the various TP53 aberrations in HMA-based combination therapies. The limited duration of favorable responses to HMA treatment in adverse-risk genetics AML should prompt physicians to advance allografting for eligible patients in a timely fashion.


Assuntos
Deleção Cromossômica , Decitabina/uso terapêutico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/tratamento farmacológico , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/genética , Monossomia , Síndrome de Smith-Magenis , Proteína Supressora de Tumor p53/genética , Idoso , Idoso de 80 Anos ou mais , Cromossomos Humanos Par 17/genética , Evolução Clonal/efeitos dos fármacos , Evolução Clonal/genética , Análise Mutacional de DNA , Feminino , Alemanha/epidemiologia , Humanos , Cariótipo , Cariotipagem , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/epidemiologia , Leucemia Mieloide Aguda/patologia , Masculino , Pessoa de Meia-Idade , Monossomia/diagnóstico , Monossomia/genética , Mutação , Síndrome de Smith-Magenis/diagnóstico , Síndrome de Smith-Magenis/epidemiologia , Síndrome de Smith-Magenis/genética , Análise de Sobrevida
19.
Blood Adv ; 4(9): 2073-2083, 2020 05 12.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32396617

RESUMO

We compared outcomes of 1461 adult patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) receiving hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) from a haploidentical (n = 487) or matched unrelated donor (MUD; n = 974) between January 2005 and June 2018. Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis was posttransplant cyclophosphamide (PTCy), calcineurin inhibitor (CNI), and mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) for haploidentical, and CNI with MMF or methotrexate with/without antithymoglobulin for MUDs. Haploidentical recipients were matched (1:2 ratio) with MUD controls for sex, conditioning intensity, disease stage, Philadelphia-chromosome status, and cytogenetic risk. In the myeloablative setting, day +28 neutrophil recovery was similar between haploidentical (87%) and MUD (88%) (P = .11). Corresponding rates after reduced-intensity conditioning (RIC) were 84% and 88% (P = .47). The 3-month incidence of grade II-IV acute GVHD (aGVHD) and 3-year chronic GVHD (cGVHD) was similar after haploidentical compared with MUD: myeloablative conditioning, 33% vs 34% (P = .46) for aGVHD and 29% vs 31% for cGVHD (P = .58); RIC, 31% vs 30% (P = .06) for aGVHD and 24% vs 29% for cGVHD (P = .86). Among patients receiving myeloablative regimens, 3-year probabilities of overall survival were 44% and 51% with haploidentical and MUD (P = .56). Corresponding rates after RIC were 43% and 42% (P = .6). In this large multicenter case-matched retrospective analysis, despite the limitations of a registry-based study (ie, unavailability of key elements such as minimal residual disease testing), our analysis indicated that outcomes of patients with ALL undergoing HCT from a haploidentical donor were comparable with 8 of 8 MUD transplantations.

20.
Front Immunol ; 11: 586, 2020.
Artigo em Inglês | MEDLINE | ID: mdl-32351502

RESUMO

Elevated serum ferritin levels occur due to iron overload or during inflammation and macrophage activation. A correlation of high serum ferritin levels with increased mortality after alloSCT has been suggested by several retrospective analyses as well as by two smaller prospective studies. This prospective multicentric study aimed to study the association of ferritin serum levels before start of conditioning with alloSCT outcome. Patients with acute leukemia, lymphoma or MDS receiving a matched sibling alloSCT for the first time were considered for inclusion, regardless of conditioning. A comparison of outcomes between patients with high and low ferritin level was performed using univariate analysis and multivariate analysis using cause-specific Cox model. Twenty centers reported data on 298 alloSCT recipients. The ferritin cut off point was determined at 1500 µg/l (median of measured ferritin levels). In alloSCT recipients with ferritin levels above cut off measured before the start of conditioning, overall survival (HR = 2.5, CI = 1.5-4.1, p = 0.0005) and progression-free survival (HR = 2.4, CI = 1.6-3.8, p < 0.0001) were inferior. Excess mortality in the high ferritin group was due to both higher relapse incidence (HR = 2.2, CI = 1.2-3.8, p = 0.007) and increased non-relapse mortality (NRM) (HR = 3.1, CI = 1.5-6.4, p = 0.002). NRM was driven by significantly higher infection-related mortality in the high ferritin group (HR = 3.9, CI = 1.6-9.7, p = 0.003). Acute and chronic GVHD incidence or severity were not associated to serum ferritin levels. We conclude that ferritin levels can serve as routine laboratory biomarker for mortality risk assessment before alloSCT.

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